by Ancient Code Team
An artists illustration of the Great Sphinx
before it was completely excavated.
"…it is the sea level
Calabrian phase which is the
closest to the present mark with the highest GES (Great Egyptian
Sphinx) hollow at its level.
High level of
seawater also caused the Nile overflowing and created
long-living water-bodies. As to time, it corresponds to 800,000
Great, mysterious, almost
mystical, shrouded in mystery, millennial, how else would you
describe this amazing ancient monument?
It is probably one of the most recognized monuments in the world,
one of the icons representative of the power and culture of the
ancient Egyptian civilization, cradle, and tomb of pharaohs.
It is ironic then, that
the Great Sphinx of Giza is also
one of the least understood architectural wonders of ancient Egypt,
even though researchers from around the globe have tried to
understand when the Sphinx was carved, how, why
and what it represents...
But the most mysterious part of the Sphinx is probably its age.
that it was sculpted around the XXVI century BC., as part of the
Having a lion's body and a human head, this strange hybrid being,
which we know with the term of the Sphinx, is one of the most
striking productions of Egyptian art.
The ancient Egyptians
called it Shesep-ankh, "living image," the name given to
the royal statues.
They symbolized the idea of strength and power, and the Pharaoh
was generally represented in this form.
This is indicated by the fact that the sphinxes wore Nemes
- the striped headcloth worn by pharaohs in ancient
This ancient monument faces from West to East and stands on the
Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt.
The face of the Sphinx is commonly assumed to represent the
The Great Sphinx was
created by carving a mound of limestone located on the Giza plateau.
It has a height of about twenty meters and the fact of the creatures
measures around five meters.
In ancient times it was
painted in bright colors:
red body and face,
and the Nemes that covered the head was decorated with yellow
and blue stripes.
A man standing on the shoulder
the size of the monument.
via New York Public Library
Aspect of the Problem of Dating the Great Egyptian Sphinx
Construction" a study presented in 2008 offers
controversial details about the Great Sphinx of Giza, and
particularly its age.
As noted by Vjacheslav I. Manichev and Alexander G.
Parkhomenko in their study, after all these years of intensive
scientific work trying to determine the exact age of the Sphinx, we
still have problems coming to an agreement.
"The problem of
dating the Great Egyptian Sphinx is still valid, despite the
long-term history of its research.
A geological approach
in connection to other scientific-natural methods allows
answering the question about the relative age of the Sphinx.
The conducted visual
research of the Sphinx allowed the conclusion about the
important role of water from large water bodies which partially
flooded the structure with the formation of wave-cut hollows on
its vertical walls," wrote experts in the study.
"The morphology of these formations has an analogy with similar
hollows formed by the sea in the coastal zones.
similarity of the compared erosion forms and the geological
formation and petrographic composition of sedimentary rock
complexes lead to a conclusion that the decisive factor of
destruction of the Great Sphinx is the wave energy rather than
sand abrasion in Eolian process."
"Voluminous geological literature confirms the fact of the
existence of long-living fresh-water lakes in various periods of
the Quaternary from the Lower Pleistocene to the Holocene."
"These lakes were distributed in the territories adjacent to the
Nile. The absolute mark of the large upper erosion hollow of the
Sphinx corresponds to the level of water surface which took
place in the
"The Great Egyptian Sphinx was already present on the Giza
Plateau by that geological (historical) time,"
Manichev and Parkhomenko
are convinced that the Great Sphinx had to have been submerged for a
long time underwater and, to support this theory, they point towards
existing literature of geological studies of the Giza Plateau.
According to a number of studies, it was at the end of the Pliocene
geologic period (sometime between 5.2 and 1.6 million years ago)
that seawater entered the Nile valley and gradually created flooding
in the area.
This phenomenon led to the formation of
lacustrine deposits which are at
the mark of 180 m above the present level of the Mediterranean Sea.
According to Manichev and Parkhomenko, it is the sea level during
the Calabrian phase which is the closest to the present mark with
the highest GES (Great Egyptian Sphinx) hollow at its level.
High level of seawater also caused the Nile overflowing and created
As to time, it
corresponds to 800,000 years...