9 - Invisible Eagle
Rumors of Nazi Survival to the Present
There are, of course, a number of problems posed by the idea that the
pattern of world events is being controlled by a secret colony of Nazis
operating out of an impregnable fortress somewhere in Antarctica.
made by conspiracy theorists about ongoing Nazi activity in the present day
sound at best like lurid and rather distasteful science fiction, at worst
like the ravings of seriously unbalanced minds.
Among the questions one
feels obliged to ask are:
How would such an operation be financed?
such an elaborate colony remain hidden for the last 55 years?
matter, how could it have been built in the first place?
And what could be
its ultimate aim?
Given the enormous power and fantastic technology
attributed to it by conspiratologists, what are its (doubtless nefarious)
plans for the rest of humanity?
In this final chapter, we will look at some
of the claims concerning Antarctica's hidden residents, and at the evidence
for the reality of this ultimate conspiracy.
Operation Eagle Flight
As we have just noted, one of the most important questions raised by the
Nazis in Antarctica theory involves finance: how could a large, permanent
base be constructed and maintained for more than half a century on the most
inhospitable continent in the world?
For an answer to this question, we must
return to the closing months of the Second World War when it was becoming
clear to Nazi officials that their 'Thousand-Year Reich' faced imminent
In August 1944, while an amphetamine-fuelled Adolf Hitler was venting his
contempt for the German people whose incipient defeat had betrayed his
vision ('If the German people was to be conquered in the struggle,' he said,
'then it had been too weak to face the test of history, and was fit only for
destruction"), his deputy, Reichsleiter Martin Bormann, was at the Hotel
Maison Rouge in Strasbourg planning the continuation of Nazi power and
Addressing the meeting of Nazi Party officials and German business
leaders, Bormann stated:
'German industry must realize that the war cannot
now be won, and must take steps to prepare for a postwar commercial campaign
which will in time ensure the economic resurgence of Germany.' (2)
These steps were implemented under the code name
Aktion Adlerflug (Operation
Eagle Flight) and resulted in the 'massive flight of money, gold, stocks,
bonds, patents, copyrights, and even technical specialists from Germany'.
Along with the central Deutsche Bank and the
chemical cartel I. G. Farben, one of the largest industrial
organizations in Europe, Bormann
succeeded in establishing 750 front corporations in Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Turkey and Argentina.
Of course, Bormann would
have been unable to achieve this without substantial help from both within
and outside Germany. This came in the form of connections with banks and
businesses dating back to before the war, (4) indeed to the financing of the
Nazi Party itself following the elections of 1933.
On 20 February of that
year, 25 of the most prominent industrialists in Germany were invited by
Hermann Goering to a meeting with Adolf Hitler, who stated:
situation is created when one section of a people favors private property
while another denies it. A struggle of that sort tears a people apart and
the fight continues until one section emerges victorious ... It is not by
accident that one man produces more than another; the concept of private
property is rooted in this fact ...
Human beings are anything but equal. As
far as the economy is concerned, I have but one desire, namely, that it may
enter upon a peaceful future ... There will, however, not be a domestic
peace unless Marxism has been exterminated.' (5)
Another of these connections was with the American International
Telegraph Corporation (ITT), which continued to trade with Nazi Germany
after America's entry into the war, selling communications and military
equipment such as artillery fuses.
Journalist Jim Marrs states that ITT's
German chairman, Gerhardt Westrick, was,
'a close associate of John Foster
Dulles, who would become US secretary of state under President Dwight
Eisenhower, and partner to Dr Heinrich Albert, head of the Ford Motor Co. in
Germany until 1945'.
'Two ITT directors were German banker Baron
Kurt von Schroder and Walter Schellenberg, head of counter-intelligence for
the Nazi Gestapo.' (6)
According to former New York Times writer
Charles Higham, Standard Oil of
New Jersey (ESSO) secretly sold gasoline to Germany and fascist Spain.
shipments to Spain indirectly assisted the Axis through Spanish
transferences to Hamburg.' (7)
By changing the country of registration for
Standard's tanker fleet to Panama, company spokesmen could claim that the
oil was coming not from the United States but the Caribbean. (8)
There were also numerous banking connections, one of which was the
partnership established in 1936 between the J. Henry Schroder Bank of New
several Rockefeller family members to form
and Company, Investment Bankers that provided economic support to the
'The partners in Schroder, Rockefeller and Company
included Avery Rockefeller, nephew of John D., Baron Bruno von Schroder in
London, and Kurt von Schroder [of the Bank of International Settlements] and
the Gestapo in Cologne ... Standard Oil's Paris representatives were
directors of the Banque de Paris et de Pays-Bas, which had intricate
connections to the Nazis and to Chase [National Bank].' (9)
According to investigator Paul Manning,
Hermann Schmitz, head of I.G.
Farben, was president of Chase National Bank for seven years prior to the
war, and later held as much stock in Standard Oil as did the Rockefellers.
He held other shares in General Motors 'and other US blue chip industrial
stocks, and the 700 secret companies controlled in his time by I. G.
[Farben], as well as shares in the 750 corporations he helped Bormann
establish during the last years of World War II'.
Bormann organization in South America utilizes the voting power of the
Schmitz trust along with their own assets to guide the multinationals they
control, as they keep steady the economic course of the Fatherland. The
Bormann organization is not merely a group of ex-Nazis. It is a great
economic power whose interests today supersede their ideology.' (10)
The financial relationship between the Nazis and the Swiss banks has been
Through processes of investment and money laundering,
approximately 15 billion Reichsmarks was moved through Switzerland,
equivalent to three per cent of America's gross domestic product (GDP) in
'To put this into today's terms, three percent of America's GDP is
$200 billion, which is more than the entire GDP of Switzerland. Allow for
interest, compounded over 50 years, and the value of the Nazi cache that
went through Switzerland moves into the region of a trillion dollars.' (11)
Over the years there has been considerable speculation on the fate of
Bormann, Hitler's deputy and the second most powerful man in the Third
Reich. One of the main characteristics of the Nazi survival theory is,
perhaps unsurprisingly, the idea that the Nazi leaders themselves managed to
escape from Berlin during the Allies' final assault.
Since Bormann played
such a large part in planning the continuation of Nazi financial interests
and power after the war, it is worth pausing briefly to note the findings of
the internationally esteemed historian Hugh Trevor-Roper who, as a wartime
intelligence officer, was charged with the task of establishing the ultimate
fate of Hitler and his inner circle.
According to Trevor-Roper:
In 1945 the evidence [on Bormann's fate] was conflicting and uncertain.
Several witnesses maintained that Bormann had been killed in a tank which
exploded when hit by a Panzerfaust [bazooka] on the Weidendammer Bridge
during the attempted breakthrough on the night of 1-2 May. On the other
hand, all these witnesses have admitted that the scene was one of great
confusion and none of them claims to have seen Bormann's body
... Further, even in 1945 I had three witnesses who independently claimed to
have accompanied Bormann in his attempted escape. One of these witnesses,
Artur Axmann, claimed afterwards to have seen him dead. Whether we believe
Axmann or not is entirely a matter of choice, for his word is unsupported by
any other testimony. In his favor it can be said that his evidence on all
other points has been vindicated. On the other hand, if he wished to protect
Bormann against further search, his natural course would be to give false
evidence of his death.
This being so I came in 1945, to the only permissible
conclusion, viz: that Bormann had certainly survived the tank explosion but
had possibly, though by no means certainly, been killed later that night.
Such was the balance of evidence in 1945. (12)
Trevor-Roper adds that by 1956 the situation remained unchanged by new
evidence. In 1953, a former SS major, Joachim Tibertius, made a statement to
a Swiss newspaper, Der Bund, in which he claimed to have seen Bormann after
the tank explosion, at the Hotel Atlas.
According to Tibertius:
'He had by
then changed into civilian clothes. We pushed on together towards the Schiffbauerdamm and the Albrechtstrasse. Then I finally lost sight of him.
But he had as good a chance to escape as I had.' (13)
The absence of
concrete evidence for Bormann's death in 1945 spawned a number of claims of
his survival, including one that placed him in Bolivia.
Another claim came
from Reinhardt Gehlen, who had been an Abwehr officer during the war and had
subsequently become head of the new West German intelligence service, the
'thanks to his useful experience ... and the
beginning of the Cold War'. (14)
In 1971, Gehlen stated in his memoirs that
during the war he had come to the conclusion that Bormann was actually a
Following the war,
'Bormann had sought and found protection in
Moscow, where he had occasionally been seen by reliable witnesses and had
recently died'. (15)
However, as Trevor-Roper informs us, Gehlen's claims were refuted in 1972
'when two human skeletons, which had been dug up in waste ground near the
Lehrter Station in West Berlin - i.e. not far from the place where Axmann
claimed to have seen the bodies were forensically examined and identified as
those of Bormann and his companion in flight, Dr [Ludwig] Stumpfegger',
Hitler's surgeon. (16)
Although it has been established since 1972 that Bormann's attempt to escape
from the ruins of the Third Reich ended in death, it is equally certain that
his brainchild, Operation Eagle Flight, met with considerably greater
According to conspiracy researcher Jim Keith, the Research and
Analysis branch of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the forerunner of
the CIA, stated in 1945 that,
'Nazi Party members, German industrialists and
the German military, realizing their victory can no longer be attained, are
now developing postwar commercial projects, endeavoring to renew and cement
friendships in foreign commercial circles and planning for renewals of
pre-war cartel agreements'. (17)
Keith goes on to quote the minutes of the
secret meeting between Bormann and a group of German industrialists,
'The [Nazi] Party is ready to supply large amounts of
money to those industrialists who contribute to the post-war organization
abroad. In return, the Party demands all financial reserves which have
already been transferred abroad or may be later transferred, so that after
the defeat a strong new Reich can be built.' (18)
Those who subscribe to the idea of Nazi survival in the post-war period cite
another documented historical fact in support of their theories.
end of the war, both the Americans and the Russians began to search
throughout occupied Germany for technical, intelligence, military and other
scientific information. In September 1946, President Harry Truman authorized
Project PAPERCLIP, a program to bring selected German scientists to
Aside from expertise in their fields, the main requisite for their
acceptance for residence in the United States was proof that they had not
been active members of the Nazi Party, and had not displayed any allegiance
Background investigations of various German scientists were conducted by the
Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA), which found them all to have
been enthusiastic Nazis. Nevertheless, it was decided that to send them back
to Germany would probably result in their expertise being exploited by the
Soviets and would thus constitute a greater threat to US security than any
Nazi sympathies they might have had.
Among these scientists was, of course, Wernher von Braun, who had been technical director of the Peenemunde rocket
research centre, home of the dreaded V-2 missile that had caused such
carnage in London and elsewhere. According to conspiratologists, OSS
Director Allen Dulles ordered the scientists' dossiers to be cleansed of
Nazi references, with the result that by 1955 more than 760 German
scientists had been granted US citizenship. This was done without the
knowledge of President Truman.
One of those who benefited from Project PAPERCLIP was the Abwehr officer
Reinhardt Gehlen, whose insurance policy of microfilming a vast number of
documents concerning Soviet intelligence came to the attention of Dulles.
Gehlen and Dulles formulated an arrangement by which the Nazi and American
intelligence apparatus would be combined, ostensibly on the basis of a
common interest in a defense against communism.
However, far from being
committed exclusively to the protection of the United States and Western
Europe, Gehlen's organization was committed exclusively to the security of
the ODESSA (Organization of Veterans of the SS) and other 'rat lines' that
had been set up to aid the escape of more than 5,000 Nazis - and to set up
Nazi colonies throughout the world.
Jim Keith writes:
Once the Gehlen Organization was in place, with an estimated 4,000
intelligence specialists in Germany and more than 4,000 undercover
operatives in the Soviet bloc, the perceived threat to the United States by
the Soviets was aggravated by Nazi intelligence, and the Cold War was
inevitable. Gehlen and his cronies seemingly never admitted that Germany had
lost the war and simply persisted with Nazi objectives, using different
means to destroy the USSR, namely collaboration with the United States and
The Nazis may have, in addition, foreseen the devastating
results of a Cold War between the US and the USSR. The Cold War provided a
financial burden which has destroyed Russia and left the United States as
the world's biggest debtor nation ... (19)
With secret control of hundreds of billions of dollars in financial and
industrial assets, not to mention access to the intelligence agencies of the
post-war superpowers and with hidden colonies throughout the world, this
'Nazi International' was in a position to reverse the failure of the Third
Reich and finally achieve global domination.
According to conspiratologists,
the main headquarters of the Nazi International was - and is - in
The Mysterious Voyage of Captain Schaeffer
On 25 April 1945, the German submarine U-977 embarked on one of the most
remarkable voyages of the Second World War. Commanded by Captain Hans
Schaeffer, the submarine left Kiel Harbour in the Baltic, stopped briefly
for fuel at Christiansand South the following day, and arrived at Mar del
Plata, Argentina nearly four months later, on 17 August. (20)
subsequent interrogation by the Allies, Schaeffer stated that he had heard
over the radio that the war had ended several days after leaving Christiansand South, and had decided to make for Argentina rather than
staying in Europe. He offered his crew the option of being put off the
submarine on the Norwegian coast or continuing on with him.
Some of Schaeffer's crew opted to return to Germany, so the U-977 remained
hidden in Norwegian waters until 10 May, when the departing crew members
were put ashore near Bergen. Schaeffer and the rest of his crew,
embarked upon what surely must have been one of the most remarkable naval
feats of the war: a journey through the North Sea and English Channel, past
Gibraltar and along the coast of Africa, to finally surface, all of
sixty-six days later, in the middle of the South Atlantic Ocean'. (21)
the next month, the U-977 evaded capture by diving, surfacing, and erecting
imitation sails and funnel to make it look like a cargo steamer from a
On 17 August 1945, the U-977 put into Mar del Plata, in spite of Schaeffer
having heard over the radio that the crew of another fleeing German
submarine, the U-530, had been apprehended on the River Plate and handed
over to the United States. During his initial interrogation by the Argentine
authorities, Schaeffer was asked if he had carried anyone of 'political
importance' on the voyage, to which he replied that he had not.
informs us that several weeks later Schaeffer was again interrogated, this
time by a special Anglo-American commission composed of high-ranking
officers. It seems that this commission wanted to explore the possibility
that the U-977 had transported Hitler and Martin Bormann first to Argentina
and then on to a secret Nazi base in Antarctica. (23)
The English and Americans apparently considered this to be a realistic
possibility, for they subsequently flew both Schaeffer and Otto Wehrmut, the
commander of the U-530, to Washington, D.C., where the interrogations
continued for several more months. It is not clear what happened to Wehrmut
at this point, but Schaeffer was taken to Antwerp, Belgium, where he was
interrogated yet again. The U-977 itself was thoroughly searched and then
taken to the United States where it was destroyed under orders from the US
War Department. Schaeffer was then sent back to Germany, but decided to
leave his country and return to Argentina. (24)
The testimony of Captain Schaeffer served as an early inspiration for the
idea that high-ranking Nazis had escaped the destruction of the Third Reich
and were continuing with their plans for world domination in one or more
secret locations. Schaeffer's voyage suggested to some that the ultimate
destination for escaping Nazis was Antarctica, via Argentina.
Navy Admiral Karl Doenitz is reported to have stated in 1943:
submarine fleet is proud of having built for the Fuhrer in another part of
the world a Shangri-la on land, an impregnable fortress.' (25)
Where was this 'impregnable fortress' - if it existed?
It is a matter of
historical fact that Nazi Germany maintained an intense interest in the
Antarctic continent throughout the war.
As we shall now see, that beautiful,
mysterious and hostile place also holds a prominent position in the thoughts
of those who subscribe to the Nazi-survival theory.
Between 1946 and 1947, Rear Admiral
Richard E. Byrd contributed to the US
Navy Antarctic Developments Project, also known as
This operation was ostensibly an exercise in polar combat,
survival and exploration; however, conspiracy theorists have suggested
another, far more sinister purpose. Operation Highjump began approximately
one year after the arrival of the U-977 at Mar del Plata, Argentina. The
vast resources placed at Byrd's disposal have suggested to many that the
operation was intended as an actual assault force - but an assault against
what, or whom?
The British author W. A. Harbinson has perhaps done more than any other
writer to popularize the idea that the Nazis had developed extremely
advanced aircraft designs by the end of the Second World War. In his novel
sequence Projekt Saucer and his nonfiction study Project UFO, he also offers
evidence of a secret flying-disc base in Antarctica.
In his novel Genesis
(1980) Harbinson includes a lengthy afterword, which was later reprinted as
the introduction to Man-Mode UFOs 1944-1994- 50 Years of Suppression (1994)
by Renato Vesco and David Hatcher Childress and which describes how, in May
1978, a single-issue tabloid paper called Brisant was being given away at
Stand 111, in a scientific exhibition in the Hannover Messe Hall.
contained two articles: one on the scientific future of Antarctica, and the
other on flying-disc technology at the end of the war (see Chapter Eight).
In its article on Antarctica, Brisant asked why the Operation Highjump
assault force docked near the German-claimed region of Neu Schwabenland on
27 January 1947, why it then divided into three separate task forces and,
most importantly, why there had been so many foreign press reports that the
operation had been a disaster.
That expedition became something of a mystery. Subsequent official reports
stated that it had been an enormous success, revealing more about the
Antarctic than had ever been known before. However, other, mainly foreign
reports suggested that such in fact had not been the case: that many of
Byrd's men were lost during the first day, that at least four of his
airplanes inexplicably disappeared, and that while the expedition had gone
provisioned for six to eight months, the men actually returned to America in
February 1947, after only a few weeks.
According to Brisant, Admiral Byrd
later told a reporter (I could find no verification on this) that it was
'necessary for the USA to take defensive actions against enemy air fighters
which come from the polar regions' and that in the case of a new war the USA
would be 'attacked by fighters that are able to fly from one pole to the
other with incredible speed.'
Also, according to Brisant, shortly after his
return from the Antarctic, Admiral Byrd was ordered to undergo a secret
cross-examination - and the United States withdrew from the Antarctic for
almost a decade. (26)
The article carried a serious and startling implication:
that Operation Highjump had been a military invasion force disguised as a training and
that it had intended to deal with a secret colony of Nazi
survivors in an elaborate underground facility that had been constructed
during the Second World War
that this invasion force had met its match
in the form of a squadron of Nazi-built flying discs based at the colony
The reason for the United States' temporary withdrawal from Antarctica was,
allegedly, to allow itself time to develop its own flying discs, based upon
designs captured at the end of the war.(27)
Nazi UFO Bases in Antarctica?
Most reasonable people would dismiss as fantastic nonsense the idea that
many Nazis fled the ruins of the Third Reich and took up residence in a
secret Antarctic colony, armed with a squadron of flying discs with which to
However, the paranoid conspiracy theories that have
proliferated in the second half of the twentieth century are based not so
much on reason but rather on elaborate extrapolations of puzzling but
inconclusive evidence. In the present case, this evidence centers on the
undeniable interest the Third Reich maintained in Antarctica throughout the
German ships and U-boats constantly patrolled the South Atlantic
between South Africa and the region of Antarctica containing Neu
Schwabenland, and it is certainly possible that many of these voyages could
have included shipments of personnel and supplies for the construction of
heavily fortified facilities.
When we add to this the testimony of the
captain of the U-977, Hans Schaeffer (which admittedly may well be false),
the claims of the neo-Nazi publication Brisant that such trips included the
transfer of flying-disc research teams and disc components, and the rumors
regarding the disastrous failure of Byrd's Operation Highjump, we have the
ingredients of a powerful and enduring modern myth, in which the evils of
Nazism did not meet destruction at the hands of the victorious Allies in
1945 but continue to exert a terrible influence over human affairs to this
Indeed, it is somewhat ironic that the political system that identified the
Jews as its scapegoat and moved with such barbarism against them should now
be chosen by many conspiracy theorists as the scapegoat responsible for the
machinations of a putative 'New World Order'.
It is quite possible that the
concept of Nazi survival itself has survived to the present day because of
the very extremity of the crimes perpetrated by the Third Reich. While it
may be argued that our continuing interest in Nazi Germany constitutes an
unhealthy fascination with the suffering and terror of an ultimate
inhumanity, there is also a case for saying that this interest is born of a
deep and despairing bafflement (see the
I believe it is not
going too far to suggest that the elaborate conspiracy theory involving Nazi
survival is born of a deeply ingrained suspicion that such wickedness could
not have been completely defeated at the war's end; this suspicion may well
have been reinforced by the fact that the volkisch and Pan-German
forerunners of the Nazi Party were influenced by occult and mythological
belief systems, combined with the more generalized occult revival occurring
throughout Europe in the post-war years.
Of course, conspiracy theories cannot survive without conspiratologists to
conceive and propagate them.
We shall now, therefore, turn our attention to
the means by which the theory of Nazi survival has been developed.
The Black Order
Throughout the post-war period, material has been added constantly to the
sinister mythological system built around the idea that the Third Reich
continues its activities in a hidden location.
This cabal of surviving Nazis
is sometimes referred to as the Fourth Reich but more often as the 'Black
Those who contend that such a concept can have no place in a
rational person's world view are underestimating the subtle power exerted by
the strange concepts contained within the field of popular occultism.
British writer Joscelyn Godwin has produced a splendid, highly informative
study of this field in his book
Arktos The Polar Myth in Science, Symbolism,
and Nazi Survival, in which he maintains an admirably
while acknowledging that the notions embodied in popular occultism must be
treated with respect, if only for their powerful influence over the public
He also includes a pertinent quote from the German Pastor
Hieronimus regarding popular beliefs:
What is going on in the lower reaches of society is probably very much more
potent and effective than what happens in intellectual circles. We think, of
course, that it is the intellectuals - now in the broadest sense of the
term, in which I include the scientists -who define our life. But lately the
intellectuals have been rather like a film of oil on a great puddle of
water: it shines mischievously and thinks that it is the whole thing, but it
is only one molecule thick. I can see quite definite things coming towards
us. The things going on in the so-called cultural underground, or the
so-called subculture, are very strange. (28)
Godwin then wryly offers an example of a product of this 'subculture', a
report from the 16 April 1991 issue of the London newspaper the Sun, that
claims that the ruins of
Atlantis have been discovered in the Arctic by a
joint French-Soviet research expedition.
'proof is a photomontage of some Doric columns rising from an icy landscape.
While the vast majority of people seeing this would probably think it
interesting but almost certainly spurious, the idea is nevertheless firmly
embedded in their unconscious. As Godwin notes (and as we have discussed in
earlier chapters), uncritical belief in the literal reality of certain
occult concepts aided in no small degree the rise of National Socialism.
'One has to be thankful that our tabloids are not proclaiming Aryan
supremacy or describing Jewish ritual murder; but one may well ask what
collective attitudes are being formed by the currents in the "great puddle"
of popular occultism.' (29)
It is one thing for a collective attitude to admit the possibility of
visitation by alien spacecraft, or the existence of ghosts or relict
hominids such as Bigfoot, the Yeti and so on; it is quite another to admit
of the undying - perhaps supernatural - power of an ideology that has
already irreparably demeaned humanity and could quite conceivably wreak
havoc once again.
'Gotzen Gegen Thule'
In 1971, Wilhelm Landig published a strange novel entitled
Thule (Godlets Against Thule). In an echo of the nineteenth-century vogue
for presenting fantasy as a 'true story', Landig subtitles his novel 'a
fiction full of facts' and claims that it contains accurate information on
the radical advances in aviation and weapons technology made in the years
since the end of the war.
Gotzen gegen Thule is fundamentally an adventure
story that follows the exploits of two German airmen, Recke and Reimer
(which Godwin translates as 'Brave Warrior' and 'Poet' respectively) (30),
who are sent to a secret German base in the far north of Canada towards the
end of the Second World War. This base, known as Point 103, is a large
underground facility possessing highly advanced technology and supplied by
powerful allies in the United States.
Its occupants constitute a force
opposed to the Third Reich, which is seen as a Satanic force.
Point 103 is, in fact, solidly anti-racist, as evidenced by one scene in
which a conference there is attended by,
'a Tibetan lama, Japanese, Chinese,
and American officers, Indians, a Black Ethiopian, Arabs, Persians, a
Brazilian officer, a Venezuelan, a Siamese, and a full-blooded Mexican
Travel to and from this remote and ultra-secret facility is by
a highly advanced aircraft called the V7, which is shaped like a sphere with
a rotating circular wing containing jet turbines. Interestingly enough, even
the responsible and skeptical Godwin is willing to concede that this part of
Landig's novel may well have a basis in fact (see Chapter Eight).
The two airmen are sent on a mission to Prague to prevent the disc-plane
technology from falling into Allied hands; following the end of the war and
the defeat of Nazi Germany, Point 103 declares itself independent and
continues with its pursuit of Thulean ideals. These ideals are explained by
another character, an ex-Waffen-SS officer named Gutmann ('Good man').
Godwin provides a summary of the Thulean philosophy:
The light of Thule comes not from the East but from the North. Its tradition
is 'Uranian,' being derived from Uranos, lord of the cosmic world order and
of the primordial Paradise of the Aryan Race, situated at the North Pole. It
was Uranos's usurping son Saturn who brought upon this originally happy and
unified humanity the dubious gift of the egoic state.
consequent upon this change in the human constitution lead to the loss of
primeval unity and, eventually, the destruction of Saturn's realm, Atlantis.
Thereupon the warm climate of the secret island of the Hyperboreans was
suddenly replaced by bitter winter. The primordial races of the Arctic and
of the Nordic Atlantis both lost their homes, and were forced to migrate
Wherever they settled - in Europe, Persia, India, and elsewhere
- they tried to remake their lost Paradise, and in their myths and legends
cherished the memory of it. (32)
As Godwin notes, Uranos and Saturn seem to be personifications of events in
remote antiquity; however, the Thulean religion included an unmanifested God
beyond space and time, and a Son through whom the will of the Father
operates and who is identified with the laws of nature.
identifies the legend of Thule (which in geographical terms is located close
to Point 103) with that of the spiritual centre of the world, sometimes
called Shambhala. The reader will recall Nicholas Roerich's encounter with a
golden flying disc, described in Chapter Four, and how his guide stated that
the UFO represented the beneficent influence of Rigden-Jyepo, the King of
the World, who was watching over them.
Through another character, a French
collaborator named Belisse ('from Belisane, sun god of the Gauls'),
(33) Landig describes in elaborate detail the nature of this phenomenon, which he
calls 'Manisolas'. They are living, intelligent bio-mechanical entities with
a complex life cycle that begins as a circle of light and continues through
a metallic form before reaching the reproductive stage. Through a
regenerative process, a new Manisola grows within the womb of the adult.
The regenerated part is expelled by the remaining mother-nucleus as a new
energetic circle of light, corresponding to a birthing technique. This new
circle enters on the same seven developmental stages, while the expelling
maternal element rolls itself into a ball, which then explodes. The metallic
remains contain particles of copper.
The optical impressions that
eyewitnesses of these Manisolas have had up to now are basically quite
uniform. In the daytime they display an extremely bright gold or silver
luminescence, sometimes with traces of rose-colored smoke which then often
condense into grayish-white trails. At night the disks shine in glowing or
glossy colors, showing on occasion long flames at the edges and red and blue
sparks, which can grow so strong as to wreathe them in fire.
is their power of reaction against pursuers, like that of a rational
creature, far exceeding any possible electronic self-steering or radio
Landig goes on to describe how, throughout the ages, all mythologies refer
in one way or another to the Manisolas, which are seen as symbols of
spiritual potency, unity and love. Although Point 103 is claimed to be a
non-racist society, the Thuleans nevertheless consider Israel to be in
eternal opposition to their ideals, and remember the time when their
ancestors, the Nordic Atlanteans, were held in slavery by Semitic sorcerers.
Perhaps unsurprisingly, the Ark of the Covenant is brought into this bizarre
occult adventure and is described as a kind of battery for astral energy to
be used in magical operations. This energy is the fertilizing 'force-field
of the Aryans', which is stolen by Hebrew magicians and stored in the Ark
for their own anti-Aryan purposes.
The international conspiracy against the
Aryans is further defined when the characters travel to Tibet and meet
another German, Juncker ('Aristocrat'), (35) who tells them that the Asiatic
peoples are waiting for a great warrior who will come from the subterranean
realm of Agartha and lead them to domination of the world.
We then learn of
the nature of 'Shambala' and 'Agartha', which is another perversion of
Buddhist teaching, similar to that suggested by Ravenscroft in The Spear of
The central point of Gotzen gegen Thule is that
the Third Reich arose with the assistance of the twin power centers of
Agartha and Shambhala and was defeated when it succumbed to the
materialistic attractions of Shambhala, thus destroying the balance between
We can look again to Godwin for a good translation of Landig's
The source of material energies of the left hand, which have their seat in
Shambala, is the upper-earth city of power and might, which is ruled by a
great King of Fear. But it is the same seat of Shambala that a part of the
western secret brotherhoods and lodges regards as their point of origin,
from which come the promises and warnings of a Lord of the World.
This Shambala is a searchlight of our will! Then there is the second source:
Agartha, the inner, underworld realm of contemplation and its energies.
There too is a Lord and King of the World, who promises his domination. At
the proper moment, this center will lead good men against the evil ones; and
it is firmly connected with Brahytma, that is, God. And that is the king to
serve, the one who will set up our empire and rule over the others ... [T]he
men in [the Third] Reich ... joined themselves with the energies of
Shambala, of pure force, and in their secret way worked against the other
men of [the] Reich ...
And behind these energies which manifest themselves
in Shambala stands the Caucasian, Stalin-Dugaschvili! He knew everything, he
knew the men of the circle in [the] Reich and he played his own cards with
them as if they were their own. Stalin-Dugaschvili had the support of the
Lord of Fear and Power against [the] Reich! (36)
In the final stages of the novel, the heroes leave Tibet but are captured in
India by the British, who place them in a prisoner-of-war camp.
finally return to Germany, it becomes clear that they will probably never
rejoin Point 103, which,
'seems to have forgotten them: they ruefully admit
... that if it still exists, it has probably had to isolate itself
completely from the world of today'.
All that remains to [the Thuleans] is to constitute a 'Fourth Reich in
exile,' patiently waiting for the Age of Pisces to reach its inevitable end.
And as the Fish Age passes, so St Peter's
religious tyranny in Rome will
crumble ... and the Jewish Ark will lose its potency. Then, says Landig, the
... banner of the Aryans will fly again ... (37)
Added to the weird flights of fancy, Gotzen gegen Thule contains several
statements that mark it out as a work of pernicious historical revisionism,
such as Juncker's claim that the bodies in the liberated concentration camps
were actually those of Germans killed in Allied air raids on Munich. (38)
Aside from this, the novel manages to weave together a wide variety of
myths, all of which have come to be associated with the concept of Nazi
it might be expected that such a ridiculous and (in its attempt at
historical revisionism) morally reprehensible tale would sink into a
merciful literary oblivion, it did nothing of the kind; instead, it entered
the murky realm of the cultural underground, where it was discovered by
certain interested parties who saw in it an opportunity to further their own
Ernst Zundel and 'Samisdat'
The articles in the neo-Nazi publication
Brisant did not carry by-lines.
Intrigued and unsettled by the strange information they contained, W. A. Harbinson embarked on a little detective work, checking the origins of the
magazine and discovering that it had been published in West Germany by a
company that had since disappeared, Lintec GmbH of Hamburg.
According to Harbinson, the 'company was not listed with any of the West German press
organizations, nor with any public relations bureau'. (39)
Nevertheless, he realized that the information contained in the Brisant articles had been
culled from two books:
Both books were
published by a company called Samisdat Publishers Limited of Toronto,
As Harbinson notes, 'Mattern Friedrich' and 'Christof Friedrich' are
actually pseudonyms for Ernst Zundel, a Canadian resident but German citizen
and one of the most outspoken and active of those who deny that
Through his many apparent links with surviving Nazis in
South America and elsewhere, Zundel,
'now runs Samisdat Publishers Limited as
a mouthpiece of neo-Nazi propaganda and commercial enterprise, specializing
in the sale of Nazi books, record albums, tape recordings, photographs,
medals and other Nazi memorabilia'. (40)
Zundel maintains in his books that
UFOs are actually Nazi secret weapons, launched from their hidden base at or
near the South Pole.
He also is an advocate (apparently) of the Hollow Earth
Theory, and in his Samisdat newsletter in 1978 advertised an expedition by
chartered jet to the South Pole where, he claimed, the passengers would
discover not only Hitler's Antarctic UFO base but also the entrance to the
interior of the planet. A ticket for the chartered flight would cost $9,999.
The following selection from the Samisdat article will enable the reader to
gain some idea of the nature of Zundel's claims:
SAMISDAT NEWS BULLETIN SAMISDAT
HOLLOW EARTH EXPEDITION $9999.00
SEARCH OF HOLES IN THE POLES
SEARCH FOR HITLER'S ANTARCTIC U.F.O. BASES ...
Your response to our most recent mailout and activities has been most
We have received orders and enquiries from as far away as Noumea in the South Pacific, Easter Island, Chile, Argentina, Brazil,
Venezuela, Panama, Mexico, Soviet Satellite countries, China, South Africa,
Persia, the Congo, Australia, Japan, as well as from every country in
Western Europe and almost every state in the U.S.A. Not only is this
response extensive, it is massive - a clear indication on the part of
knowledgeable UFO researchers and members of the public that they are tired
of the 'Junk food' being served up by old-line UFO groups and publications
who expound the official CIA-KGB alibi that all UFOs are extraterrestrial.
What the UFO-watching world wants now is the real meat of the matter - a
serious investigation of UFOs whose origins are terrestrial.
SAMISDAT is the only organization making such an effort, but we are not
alone, for we have thousands of supporters like yourself who want to know
the truth which the saucer-charlatans have for 30 years tried to cover up
with fairy-tale fantasies of 'little green men'.
It is people like yourself
who have made SAMISDAT the most active UFO Organization and publisher on
Planet Earth! ...
Our discoveries have led us into the production of a number of currently
suppressed and sometimes vilified books which are now underground
bestsellers. "UFOs -NAZI SECRET WEAPON?" was our first title, now sold out
in 5 complete editions. Our second book, "SECRET NAZI POLAR EXPEDITIONS", is
coming up fast and has sold out 2 full editions. Foreign-language
translations of these books are selling briskly, and it is becoming obvious
to everyone that the media-enforced blockade of the truth has now been
Three additional books are currently under production and these will
round out our Phase I Publishing Program: "THE CIA-KGB-UFO COVER-UP", "THE
ANTARCTICA THEORY" and "THE LAST BATTALION".
We have also been able to establish research teams in Canada, the U.S.A. and
in particular, Germany, whose task it is to rediscover basic wingless flight
which brought the original Nazi UFOs into being. Already, these teams have
designed and constructed small scale models, some using conventional power
and others which have propulsion systems unprecedented in today's aerospace
technology. With additional research, we hope to make available several
different models in kit form for hobby-builders. Any contributions to these
research projects, whether of ideas or money, will be very much appreciated.
Checks should be made out to SAMISDAT with the notation "For SAMPROJ R-l"
For the truly dedicated UFO researcher, SAMISDAT is embarking upon a
magnificent and awe-inspiring experience! We are negotiating with several
international airlines and chartered air carriers in regard to our planned
investigation of the "Inner Earth Theory" coupled with our search for
"Hitler's Flying Saucer Bases in Antarctica."
Our 'launching pad' for which
we are also negotiating will be located in Rio de Janeiro or Buenos Aires.
This site will be the gathering place for an International UFO Convention
which is scheduled to take place some time in 1979 or 1980. From this
convention site, those who are interested and financially able may join Christof Friedrich and members of a specially-selected SAMISDAT research
team on the Antarctic Expedition who will not only search for Hitler's
Saucer Bases in German Antarctica, but who will further attempt to settle
the controversy about Admiral Byrd's "Flight into the Polar Opening" by
actually flying over the South Pole! Our tentative flight path is here
It is anticipated that a specially-prepared, long-range jet will be
available for the Antarctic Expedition's polar flight ...
Antarctic Expedition in Search of Hitler's Flying Saucer Bases
and the South Polar Opening into Inner Earth will be the unique event of a
lifetime. As only a very limited number of people can be accommodated, our
selection standards are of necessity rigorous. The approximate cost per
person on this expedition may be as high as $9,999.00.
However, the cost
could be reduced considerably, provided we are able to raise money from our SAMISDAT SERIES of lectures, tapes, conventions, UFO models and book sales
in this interim period.
You can help to realize this dream of a lifetime in
You can become one of our book distributors by buying SAMISDAT books and
other items at wholesale dealers' prices and then retailing them to friends,
colleagues, UFO conventioneers, and visitors to county fairs, psychic fairs
and flea markets. By purchasing SAMISDAT titles in bulk, you could easily
realize almost a 100% profit on each item sold. This money you could then
apply toward your share in the Expedition or use as you see fit.
You can organize a UFO club and hold your own UFO conventions on a
profit-sharing basis with SAMISDAT.
You can help us find sponsors for the Expedition.
If you are rich and conscientious, you can underwrite the whole or part of
the Expedition and realize our goal of a lifetime much, much faster. But
empty promises and other hot-air products from windbags and do-nothings,
however well off, will not serve to waft the Expedition to Antarctica and
back. The only thing capable of doing that is cold, hard cash up front. If
you've got what it takes and want to put your money to work right away, then
please contact us!
You can set up your own fund-raising campaign for the Expedition. For
details and assistance in regard to these and other ideas, do not hesitate
to contact us.
These are but a few of the ways in which we can hasten that glorious day
when we board our sleek, silvery aircraft and wing our way to Antarctica and
beyond - to our rendezvous with history.
When we return, we shall have
unearthed Inner Earth and/or found evidence of Hitler's UFO Bases - or we
shall have gone a long way toward dispelling two of the most tenaciously
persistent mysteries of our Scientific Era. (41)
The reader will note that Zimdel's apparent intention to launch an
expedition to Antarctica could only be realized if readers of Samisdat
bought his products 'in bulk' (needless to say, the charter flight to the
Antarctic never took place).
Zundel's apparently nonsensical claims
regarding Nazi UFOs, secret bases at the South Pole and the Hollow Earth
hide an altogether more sinister revisionist agenda.
In fact, Zundel himself has admitted as much. According to Frank Miele, a
member of the Skeptics Society in the United States, who
wrote an article on
Holocaust revisionism for that society's magazine in 1994, Zundel told him
that his book UFOs: Nazi Secret Weapons? (which became an underground
bestseller, going through seven printings) was nothing more than a ploy to
Said Zundel in a telephone conversation with Miele:
realized that North Americans were not interested in being educated. They
want to be entertained. The book was for fun. With a picture of the Fuhrer
on the cover and flying saucers coming out of Antarctica it was a chance to
get on radio and TV talk shows. For about 15 minutes of an hour program I'd
talk about that esoteric stuff. Then I would start talking about all those
Jewish scientists in concentration camps, working on these secret weapons.
And that was my chance to talk about what I wanted to talk about.' (42)
As one might expect (and hope), Zundel's Holocaust revisionism has landed
him in hot water with the Canadian authorities. In 1984, criminal
proceedings were initiated against him by the Canadian Government, based on
a private complaint made by a Holocaust survivor named Sabrina Citron.
Zundel was charged under Section 177 of the Criminal Code of Canada, which
makes it a criminal offence to publish willfully a statement one knows is
false and that causes, or is likely to cause, injury to the public interest.
Zundel had published two books by other authors:
He was convicted for publishing the latter
title and sentenced to fifteen months in jail. The conviction, however, was
overturned on appeal and a second trial was ordered.
The second trial received massive coverage in the Canadian media, with
Zundel calling other leading revisionists as expert witnesses. He was again
convicted, but the case was taken to the Canadian Supreme Court, which found
that the statute on false statements was an unconstitutional violation of
free speech. As Miele ironically remarks, Zundel the Holocaust revisionist
found himself 'a civil libertarian hero of Canada'. (43)
this, several Canadian Jewish groups have initiated proceedings against him
under Canadian anti-hate laws.
Miguel Serrano and the Glorification of Hitler
The strange and esoteric notions that seem so often to go hand in hand with
Holocaust revisionism are most strikingly exemplified by the Chilean
diplomat Miguel Serrano (b. 1917), who was Ambassador to India (1953-62),
Yugoslavia (1962-64) and Austria (1964-70). (44)
The possessor of a
formidable intellect, Serrano wrote on a number of arcane subjects including
Yoga, Tantra and other areas of mysticism, as well as a book on his
friendships with Carl Jung and Hermann Hesse.
He also travelled widely in
search of wisdom in India, South America and Antarctica. In 1984 he
published a long explication of his mystical and philosophical thought,
Adolf Hitler, el Ultimo Avatara (Adolf Hitler, the Last Avatar),
which he dedicates 'To the glory of the Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler'. (45)
According to Godwin:
We are to understand the title quite literally: Serrano means that Hitler is
the Tenth Avatar of Vishnu, the Kalki Avatar, who has incarnated to bring
about the end of the Kali Yuga and usher in a New Age. In the terminology of
Buddhism, Hitler is a Tulku or a Bodhisattva, who having previously
emancipated himself from bondage to the circles of this world has taken on
voluntary birth for the sake of mankind. Therefore he is beyond criticism.
Serrano believes that Hitler himself is still alive, having escaped from the
ruins of Berlin in one of the Nazi disc-planes, and is continuing to direct
an Esoteric War from the safety of a secret realm at the South Pole. The
background to this scenario involves, once again, the legendary land of
Hyperborea and its fabulous inhabitants, with further variations on the
theme we have already discussed (see
According to Serrano, the Hyperboreans were originally from beyond our galaxy, arriving on Earth in
remote antiquity. Their existence has been suppressed by a monumental
conspiracy, which also seeks to misrepresent them as physical 'aliens'; in
fact, we only perceive them as 'flying saucers' because we lack the
perception to see them as they really are.
They founded the First Hyperborea
here on Earth, a realm that was not composed of mundane matter but which
extended beyond the physical plane of existence created and controlled by
the Demiurge, an inferior god whose first experiments in the creation of
intelligent life resulted in Neanderthal Man. (47)
The Demiurge instituted a
cosmic regime by which all creatures would take the Way of the Ancestors -
in other words, they would be reincarnated on Earth indefinitely. This was
unacceptable to the Hyperboreans who preferred to take the Way of the Gods,
only being reincarnated if they chose. The Hyperboreans possessed the power
of Vril (see Chapter Three), which they wielded in their battles with the
mechanistic Demiurge. (48)
The war between the Hyperboreans and the Demiurge
resulted in the founding of a Second Hyperborea at the North Pole, taking
the form of a physical, circular continent from which the Hyperboreans began
to organize the spiritualization of the Earth. This would be achieved
through the instilling of a single particle of immortality in the
Neanderthals and other proto-humans, which would raise them out of their
The Hyperboreans' plans seemed to be going well enough, until they made the
mistake of having sexual intercourse with the creations of the Demiurge.
This miscegenation was associated with a catastrophic cometary impact that
caused the North and South Poles to change position.
From that moment on,
the Earth became 'the battleground between the Demiurge and the Hyperboreans, the latter always in danger of diluting their blood'.
Godwin quotes Serrano thus:
'There is nothing more mysterious than blood.
Paracelsus considered it a condensation of light. I believe that the Aryan,
Hyperborean blood is that - but not the light of the Golden Sun, not of a
galactic sun, but of the light of the Black Sun ...', (50) the Black Sun
being a symbol not only of the void inside the Hollow Earth but also of the
ultimate void from which all creation flows.
Serrano claims to have met a certain Master who told him that at a certain
point in the practice of Yoga one is able to leave one's body and go through
mystical death to reach the Black Sun, the realm occupied by the
Hyperboreans beyond the physical universe. However, such a spiritual voyage
is not within the capabilities of all humanity - only those 'whose blood
preserves the memory of the ancient White, Hyperborean race'. (51)
The Jewish people are seen by Serrano as the instruments of the Demiurge
(whom he identifies with
Jehovah). They constitute an 'anti-race' that is
engaged in a gigantic conspiracy involving all the world's institutions, the
undeclared enemies of Hyperborean ideals. These ideals gave rise to
Thule Society, which Serrano claims had links with the Hermetic Order of the
Golden Dawn but 'was perverted by the degeneracy of
Aleister Crowley and the
Jewish Bergsons'. (52)
During the earlier part of Hitler's campaigns, according to Serrano, his
intention had simply been to reconquer the ancient territories of the Aryans
or Hyperboreans. Rudolf Hess's flight to England in 1941 was the last stage
of this effort, intended through renewed contacts with the Golden Dawn to
unite Germany with her Aryan cousins, the British, and encourage them also
to purify their race.
But after the apparent failure of this mission, Hitler
took up his avataric destiny of total war on all fronts against
international Jewry and the Demiurge, attacking them in their most powerful
creation, the Communist Soviet Union. (53)
As with other revisionists,
Serrano denies that the Holocaust took place (he calls it the 'Myth of the
Six Million') on the grounds that the German is heroic but not cruel
(cruelty being an attribute of mixed blood). Indeed, during the Second World
War, the Nazis were allegedly concentrating on the perfection of 'magical
realism', including the development of disc-planes, establishing contact
with ascended Masters in Tibet and dematerialization.
Hitler himself did not
commit suicide but escaped through an underground passage, designed by
Albert Speer, connecting the Bunker with Tempelhof Airfield where he boarded
one of the disc-planes and left the ruins of the Third Reich behind. (54)
As Godwin notes, quoting the Chilean writer thus, Serrano here enters realms
usually identified with the bizarre fringes of ufology and cosmology:
Had the German submarines discovered at the North Pole or in John Dee's
Greenland the exact point through which one penetrates, as through a black
funnel, going to connect with the Other Pole, emerging in that paradisal
land and sea that are no longer here, yet exist? An impregnable paradise,
from which one can continue the war and win it - for when this war is lost,
the other is won.
The Golden Age, Ultima Thule, Hyperborea, the other side
of things; so easy and so difficult to attain. The inner earth, the Other
Earth, the counter-earth, the astral earth, to which one passes as it were
with a 'click'; a bilocation, or trilocation of space. (55)
Serrano believes that
the Hollow Earth is still inhabited by the
First Hyperboreans and that the Nazis found a way through to their realm via the
South Pole, a belief shared (apparently) by the French writer Jean Robin -
although it must be added that Robin is no denier of the Holocaust.
Robin published his Operation Orth, which offers the account, supposedly
given to Robin by a friend, of a journey to a subterranean complex made
aboard a flying saucer that could pass through solid rock. The underground
city was near the Chilean coastal city of Valparaiso, north of Santiago; it
had a population of some 350,000, all of whom were members of the Black
Order and some of whom were Jews who blamed 'their fellows for their
"refusal to collaborate" with the evolutionary process'.(56)
Robin's story differs from other Nazi-survival myths in that Hitler
died in this new Agartha in 1953 and his body was placed in a transparent,
hexagonal casket. Rather astonishingly, this casket also contained the body
of the Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, who saved thousands of Jews from
the concentration camps and who mysteriously disappeared at the end of the
Godwin is justifiably nonplussed by this:
Operation Orth poses every manner of problem ... to the reader, who can only
wonder what prompted Jean Robin to present the shocking images of Hitler and
Wallenberg reconciled, and the casual dismissal of the Holocaust by the Jews
of the Black Order.
In the context of Guenonian attitudes, which are nothing
if not respectful of the Jewish people and their tradition, there is nothing
to be said, unless it be that Robin actually accepts his friend's account,
and is warning us of the [evolutionary process's] final obscenity. (57)
Anyone familiar with the above phrase will surely be wondering what possible
significance it can have to the present study.
I have decided to discuss it
for two reasons: firstly, the terrifying conspiracy-to-end-all-conspiracies
known as 'Alternative 3' has been implicated by more than one writer in the
ongoing saga of ultra-secret Nazi activities; and secondly because, since
Alternative 3 was actually nothing more than a cleverly engineered hoax, it
offers us a salutary lesson in how the public can be manipulated by fantasy
and propaganda masquerading as fact.
Since many readers may be unfamiliar
with Alternative 3, we must review its principal elements before turning our
attention to the Nazi connection and the reasons why, even today, it is
still believed by many to be essentially true.
The tale begins on 20 June 1977, when the UK Independent Television Company
transmitted a documentary program (below video) in its highly regarded Science
The program was entitled Alternative 3, and the British TV
guide TV Times had this to say about it:
'What this program shows may be
considered unethical, but this film is transmitted ... as a challenge to
those who know the answers to the questions raised to tell the truth.' (58)
The program finished at 10p.m., and from then until midnight and
throughout the following day Anglia Television was swamped with telephone
calls (10,000, according to one estimate), some from people who had enjoyed
the program and wanted to know if there was any truth in it but many from
viewers who were genuinely frightened by its 'revelations' and who wanted to
know what was being done about them.
Anglia hastily issued a statement
assuring its viewers that Alternative 3 had, in fact, originally been meant
as an April Fool's Day joke - as evidenced by the closing credits, which
included the copyright caption: 'Anglia Television - April 1, 1977'.
Shortly before the transmission, Anglia had issued a press release, stating:
A team of journalists investigating, among other topical subjects, the
drought of 1976, and the changes in the world's atmospheric conditions, and
also a disturbing rise in the statistics of disappearing people, follow a
trail of information and scientific research through England and America.
A Cambridge scientist and an ex-astronaut living in unpublicized retirement
following a nervous breakdown, are among the links in their investigations,
which come together finally in some strange discoveries about the future of
life on Earth and elsewhere in the Solar System.
As a result of our private screenings a few weeks ago, this
been acquired for simultaneous transmission in Australia, New Zealand,
Canada, Denmark and Iceland and will be seen eventually in the majority of
European and Asian markets.
The program's theme may seem extraordinary, but it is scientifically
possible. The question is, how far does it mirror the truth?
On the day of the transmission, journalist Kenneth Hughes, who had gained
access to some of the material to be presented, wrote an article in the
London Daily Mirror entitled 'WHAT ON EARTH IS GOING ON?'
A science program is likely to keep millions of Britons glued to their
ALTERNATIVE 3 ... is an investigation into the disappearance of several
They seem simply to have vanished from the face of the Earth.
Chilling news is read by former ITV newscaster Simon Butler who gives a
gloomy report on the future.
The program will be screened in several other countries - but not in
America. Network bosses there want to assess its effect on British viewers.
The program's structure centered on a series of interviews with one Dr Carl
Gerstein, who described the hideous nature of Alternative 3. Dr Gerstein
claimed to have attended a secret conference in Huntsville, Alabama in 1957,
at which it was agreed that industrial pollution and the accompanying
greenhouse effect (caused by high levels of carbon dioxide trapping heat
within the atmosphere) was destroying the Earth's biosphere, and that the
decline in air quality was irreversible, so that by the year 2000 the Earth
would undergo a complete environmental collapse, wiping out most life
Three alternatives for survival were suggested.
Alternative 1 called for the
deployment of a large number of nuclear bombs in the upper atmosphere. It
was suggested that their detonation would blow holes in the carbon dioxide
envelope, allowing the excess heat in the atmosphere to escape into space.
This idea was rejected on the grounds that it would have replaced one
problem with another - a massive amount of radiation in the atmosphere.
Gerstein's description of Alternative 2 takes us right back to the
subterranean realms discussed in
In the book version of
Alternative 3, Gerstein is quoted thus:
'Alternative 2, in my view, was even crazier than Alternative 1. I
recognize, of course, that there is enough atmosphere locked in the soil to
support life but ... no, this was the most unrealistic of all the
'There is good reason to believe that this world was once more
far more scientifically advanced than it is today. Our really distant
ancestors, living millennia before what we call Prehistoric Man, had
progressed far beyond our present state of knowledge.
'Then, it is argued, there was some cataclysmic disaster - maybe one
comparable with that facing us now - and these highly sophisticated people
built completely new civilizations deep beneath the surface of the earth ...
'There is evidence, quite considerable evidence, to suggest that there were
once whole cities - linked by an elaborate complex of tunnels - far below
the surface. Remains of them have been found under many parts of the world.
Under South America ... China ... Russia ... oh, all over the place. And in
this subterranean world, so it is said, there is a green luminescence which
replaces the sun as a source of energy - and which makes it possible for
crops to be grown ...
'Maybe there's some historical truth in the Biblical story of the great
Flood. Maybe the disaster which drove them there in the first place was
followed by the Flood - and they were all trapped and drowned down there.
Maybe that's how their civilizations ended ...
'And it could follow that the people we think of as prehistoric Men were
merely the descendants of a handful of survivors - the real children of
Noah, if you accept the Bible version - who had to start from scratch in a
world which had been utterly devastated. Is that why they took so naturally
- instinctively, if you like -to living in caves? Then the agonizingly slow
process of rebuilding the world started all over again until now we find
ourselves in a similar position ...' (59)
Thus, Alternative 2 called for the evacuation of
the world's elites (the
rest would have to take their chances on the surface) into these abandoned
cities. However, this alternative was also discarded, since the heat from
the greenhouse effect would eventually permeate down through the Earth's
crust, making life equally impossible for those living underground.
The only option left was Alternative 3, which called for the evacuation (of
the elites, once again) from Earth to Mars. Gerstein reiterated the theory
that the Red Planet was once inhabited, and that its atmosphere might still
be locked away in the soil. He added that in 1959 a Russian rocket had
exploded on the launch pad, killing a large number of people and devastating
the surrounding area.
The implication was that the rocket had been carrying
a nuclear device whose detonation would have unlocked the atmosphere on Mars
and transformed it into a habitable planet once again. Gerstein went on to
suggest that another rocket might have been sent to Mars, and that this
mission might have been successful.
The Alternative 3 program also contained some footage of an alleged top
secret unmanned mission to Mars, undertaken by the United States and the
Soviet Union in 1962.
The film showed the rocky landscape of Mars, seen from
the approaching probe, accompanied by Russian and American voices.
end of the footage, an American voice said:
'That's it! We got it ... we got
it! Boy, if they ever take the wraps off this thing, it's going to be the
biggest date in history! May 22, 1962. We're on the planet Mars - and we
The presenter of the program, Tim Brinton, commented that there
must have been a very good reason why the true conditions on Mars were kept
from the public, and why the mission had been jointly undertaken by the US
and the USSR. The implication was of an ultra-secret interplanetary project
which, Brinton claimed, could well be Gerstein's Alternative 3. (60)
of corroborative 'evidence', the makers of Alternative 3 pointed to the
large numbers of people who go missing throughout the world each year,
suggesting that many are actually being abducted by the Alternative 3
controllers and transformed, through surgical and chemical means, into
mindless slave labourers who are then transported as 'Batch Consignments' to
the colony on Mars.
These hapless victims are referred to as 'superfluous
people' by the controllers, who see their barbaric treatment as perfectly
The controllers were also interested in recruiting scientists and academics
from a wide range of disciplines. These personnel were called 'Designated
Movers', and apparently accounted for the so-called 'brain drain' of the
1960s and 1970s whereby many scientists left Britain, ostensibly to take up
better-paid posts overseas. (It was claimed that an investigation of the
brain drain had been the original impetus behind the Science Report
The entire operation was headquartered in Geneva and was also
controlled, in typical James Bond fashion, by a fleet of nuclear submarines
stationed underneath the North Polar ice cap. Here the controllers ensured
the conspiracy's continued secrecy by arranging 'hot jobs'
(remote-controlled spontaneous human combustion) for those investigators who
got too close to the truth.
The ingenious makers of Alternative 3 also brought in the NASA Moon flights
as more evidence of the conspiracy. The reader may be aware that
program is a firm favorite of conspiratologists, some of whom maintain
that NASA is hiding the discovery of derelict alien cities on the Moon,
while others claim that all of the Moon landings were actually hoaxed, with
the astronauts bouncing around a sound stage somewhere in Nevada or
In Alternative 3, it was suggested that the Apollo astronauts
did not stumble upon a derelict alien city but a fully functioning man-made
way station for flights en route to the Martian colony.
transcript of a conversation between Mission Control in Houston, Texas and
an astronaut named Bob Grodin was presented in the book:
MISSION CONTROL: Could you take a look out over that flat area there? Do you
see anything beyond?
GRODIN: There's a kind of a ridge with a pretty spectacular ... oh, my God!
What is that there? That's all I want to know! What the hell is that?
MISSION CONTROL: Roger. Interesting. Go Tango ... immediately ... go Tango
GRODIN: There's a kind of a light now ...
MISSION CONTROL (hurriedly): Roger. We've got it, we've marked it. Lose a
little communication, huh? Bravo Tango ... Bravo Tango ... select Jezebel,
GRODIN: Yeah ... yeah ... but this is unbelievable ... recorder off ...
Another transcript, this time between astronauts Scott and Irwin and Mission
Control during their Moonwalk in August 1971, runs thus:
SCOTT: Arrowhead really runs east to west.
MISSION CONTROL: Roger, we copy.
IRWIN: Tracks here as we go down slope.
MISSION CONTROL: Just follow the tracks, huh?
IRWIN: Right ... we're (garble) ... we know that's a fairly good run. We're
bearing 320, hitting range for 413 ... I can't get over those lineations,
that layering on Mount Hadley.
SCOTT: I can't either. That's really spectacular.
IRWIN: They sure look beautiful.
SCOTT: Talk about organization!
IRWIN: That's the most organized structure I've ever seen!
SCOTT: It's (garble) ... so uniform in width . . .
IRWIN: Nothing we've seen before this has shown such uniform thickness from
the top of the tracks to the bottom. (62)
book version of Alternative 3 also contains an episode described by an
inside source calling himself 'Trojan'.
The events occurred in a base inside
the crater Archimedes, which lies on the western border of the Mare Imbrium.
The Archimedes Base is allegedly a large transit camp beneath a hermetically
sealed transparent dome. Here one of the Designated Movers, a marine
biologist named Matt Anderson, secretly visited a segregated area where the
Batch Consignments of slaves were housed. In this slave village, Anderson
encountered a childhood friend.
Having yet to undergo the psychological
conditioning that enabled the Designated Movers to accept the concept of
slavery, Anderson was appalled and decided to escape with as many slaves as
possible and expose the horror of Alternative 3.
Teaming up with a NASA-trained aerospace technician named Cowers, Anderson
managed to get 84 slaves aboard a Moon ship and headed for one of the
gigantic airlocks in the dome. However, a technician in the main control
room saw what was happening and raised the alarm. The airlock was sealed
shut and Gowers, who was flying the ship, panicked and lost control, sending
it crashing into the dome.
The resulting explosion tore a hole in the
protective shell and the resultant cataclysmic depressurization killed
almost everyone at the base. As a result of this disaster, an earlier base
in the crater Cassini was redeveloped, and Alternative 3 is going ahead as
As mentioned, the huge number of telephone calls from concerned viewers
resulted in a speedy statement from Anglia Television that Alternative 3 had
been an April Fool's Day jape and nothing more. Indeed, the participation of
several quite well-known actors (one of whom appeared in a dog food
commercial before the beginning of the program!) could mean little else.
In spite of this, Alternative 3 has taken on a life of its own, offering a
kind of template for the suspicions of other writers and conspiracy
Most notable among these is the American conspiratologist Jim Keith (who
sadly died in September 1999). In his Casebook on Alternative 3 (1994), he
lists more than 30 scientists connected with the Strategic Defence
Initiative (SDI) 'Star Wars' anti-missile project who either committed
suicide, disappeared or otherwise died in mysterious circumstances.
parallel with the missing scientists in the Alternative 3 scenario is an
example of Keith's case as presented in his book. When the conspiracy is
examined closely, its principal elements become recognizable aspects of
other conspiracy theories. It is as if the creators of the Anglia Television
program had pre-empted the protagonists of Umberto Eco's novel Foucault's
Pendulum, in which a small group of bored intellectuals working for a
publisher of esoteric texts take all the information they can find on secret
societies and historical conspiracies, and feed it into a computer nicknamed
'Abulafia' (after the Cabalist).
The computer then links all of the snippets
it has been given into a cogent and internally consistent (although
completely fictitious) scenario in which all the secret societies in history
have handed down to each other the elements of a fantastic Secret that will
give the holder incredible power.
Through indiscretion, word of the
protagonists' discovery spreads through the international network of
contemporary secret occult groups, who then hound the intellectuals
(literally) to death, thinking that they have the Secret.
The book's hero,
Casaubon, meets his death at the hands of occultists who wish the Secret to
remain a secret.
With Alternative 3, we can see a similar process at work.
The basic template
of a secret power elite making plans to abandon a dying Earth and colonize
Mars offers the basis for a wider and more elaborate scenario. It begins
with the rise of human civilization, which from its very inception contained
the roots of a powerful and totally unscrupulous elite that has secretly
directed the course of history for thousands of years. In the twentieth
century (with which we are primarily concerned in this chapter), the most
extreme and barbaric example of this power elite at work was Nazi ideology.
Jim Keith makes the interesting point that Hitler himself conceived of four
'alternatives' to deal with the coming world of scarcity that he envisaged.
In Mein Kampf Hitler wrote:
A clear examination of the premises for foreign activity on the part of
German statecraft inevitably led to the following conviction:
Germany has an annual increase in population of nearly nine hundred thousand
souls. The difficulty of feeding this army of new citizens must grow greater
from year to year and ultimately end in catastrophe, unless ways and means
are found to forestall the danger of starvation and misery in time.
There were four ways of avoiding so terrible a development for the future:
Following the French example, the increase of births could be
artificially restricted, thus meeting the problem of over-population ...
A second way would be one which today we, time and time again, see
proposed and recommended: internal colonization ...
Either new soil could be acquired and the superfluous millions sent off
each year, thus keeping the nation on a self-sustaining basis; or we could
Produce for foreign needs through industry and commerce, and defray the
cost of living from the proceeds. (63)
Hitler rejected the first of these options on the grounds that the
self-limitation of a population through birth control would necessarily
result in a weakening of that population, since the natural laws of
Darwinian survival of the fittest would be circumvented.
'For as soon as
procreation as such is limited and the number of births diminished, the
natural struggle for existence which leaves only the strongest and
healthiest alive is obviously replaced by the obvious desire to 'save' even
the weakest and most sickly at any price, and this plants the seed of a
future generation which must inevitably grow more and more deplorable the
longer this mockery of Nature and her will continues.' (64)
The second option - of 'internal colonization' and the increase of
resource-yield within Germany - he rejected on the grounds that it could not
be sustained indefinitely:
'Without doubt the productivity of the soil can
be increased up to a certain limit. But only up to a certain limit, and not
continuously without end. For a certain time it will be possible to
compensate for the increase of the German people without having to think of
hunger, by increasing the productivity of our soil. But beside this, we must
face the fact that our demands on life ordinarily rise even more rapidly
than the number of the population.' (65)
The third option refers, of course, to the concept of Lebensraum:
The acquisition of new soil for the settlement of the excess population
possesses an infinite number of advantages, particularly if we turn from the
present to the future. ... We must ... coolly and objectively adopt the
standpoint that it can certainly not be the intention of Heaven to give one
people fifty times as much land and soil in this world as another. In this
case we must not let political boundaries obscure for us the boundaries of
eternal justice. If this earth really has room for all to live in, let us be
given the soil we need for our livelihood.
True, they will not willingly do this. But then the law of self-preservation
goes into effect; and what is refused to amicable methods, it is up to the
fist to take. (66)
The fourth option, which relied on German interdependence with other nations
through international commerce, Hitler rejected on the grounds that the
survival of the Aryan race would necessarily depend on the activities of
other nation states:
If ... Germany took this road, she should at least have clearly
that this development would some day ... end in struggle. Only children
could have thought that they could get their bananas in the 'peaceful
contest of nations', by friendly and moral conduct and constant emphasis on
their peaceful intentions, as they so high-soundingly and unctuously
babbled; in other words, without ever having to take up arms. (67)
Having made the interesting but rather tenuous connection between Hitler's
alternatives and the possible options stated in Alternative 3 (the former
referring to Hitler's perception of the problems facing the German people;
the latter referring to the problems facing humanity as a whole), Keith then
quotes a passage from Mein Kampf in which Hitler writes:
[T]he folkish philosophy finds the importance of mankind in its basic racial
elements. In the state it sees on principle only a means to an end and
construes its end as the preservation of the racial existence of man. ...
And so the folkish philosophy of life corresponds to the innermost will of
Nature, since it restores that free play of forces which must lead to a
continuous mutual higher breeding, until at last the best of humanity,
having achieved possession of this earth, will have a free path for activity
in domains which will he partly above it and partly outside it. (68)
Keith considers it highly significant that Hitler should have mentioned
domains lying above and outside the Earth, in view of the events following
the defeat of the Third Reich.
Summing up ideas that seem to add up to ... Alternative 3, we are familiar
with the advanced disk aircraft designs perfected by the Nazis during World
War II, and also know that the American space program was run by prominent
Nazis, or at least ex-Nazis.
Nazi interests have also been entwined, since
the emergence of the philosophy, with other totalitarian control mechanisms
of the world, with the intelligence, police, and psychiatric establishments,
with eugenics and genetic research, as well as with the plans of monied
elites whose philosophies might better be defined in parapolitical, rather
than political terms. (69)
We have already examined the theory of German flying discs in Chapter Eight,
and noted at the beginning of this chapter that many prominent Nazis were
transferred to the United States at the end of the war, under Project
PAPERCLIP - including Wernher von Braun, who designed much of the hardware
NASA's Apollo program.
With regard to the continuation of Nazi
objectives in the post-war years, mentioned earlier in this chapter, Keith
offers the following quote from the Research and Analysis branch of the OSS
The Nazi regime in Germany has developed well-arranged plans for the
perpetuation of Nazi doctrines after the war. Some of these plans have
already been put into operation and others are ready to be launched on a
widespread scale immediately upon termination of hostilities in Europe . . .
Nazi party members, German industrialists and the German military, realizing
that victory can no longer be attained, are now developing post-war
commercial projects, endeavoring to renew and cement friendships in foreign
commercial circles and planning for renewals of pre-war cartel agreements.
German technicians, cultural experts and undercover agents have well-laid
plans to infiltrate into foreign countries with the object of developing
economic, cultural and political ties. German technicians and scientific
research experts will be made available at low cost to industrial firms and
technical schools in foreign countries. German capital and plans for the
construction of ultra-modern technical schools and research laboratories
will be offered at extremely favorable terms since they will afford the
Germans an excellent opportunity to design and perfect new weapons. (70)
For conspiratologists such as Keith, the fabric of Alternative 3 can be
unwoven to reveal its component strands, all of which seem to be supported
by evidence of varying quality.
As Keith himself states:
'One of the
difficulties in researching Alternative 3 was that the evidence kept leading
me in a direction I wasn't particularly happy to go in: toward the Nazis.
... A possibility, which I admit is wild speculation, yet at the same time
comprises a startling alignment of facts, is that Alternative 3 is an
expression of Nazi occult doctrine and that there is a long term elitist
program to abandon Earth and to implement another step in Hitler's "Final
The component strands of Keith's vision of Alternative 3 can be
as follows: Towards the end of the Second World War, the Nazis developed
radical aircraft designs, including the Foo Fighters and larger, manned
flying discs. The plans for these machines, along with a number of
components and scientific personnel, were transferred to a hidden colony in
Neu Schwabenland, Antarctica in the closing stages of the war.
operations known as 'Eagle Flight' and 'Paperclip' ensured that Nazi
financial interests and espionage respectively were maintained after the
war's end. Given that colonies of Nazis continue to exist in Antarctica and
South America, it is probable that their own aerospace research has
continued unabated, to the point where they have made manned spaceflight
safe and routine.
The discovery that life on Earth is doomed as a result of
pollution and overpopulation led to the formulation of Alternative 3,
whereby the monied elites of the world would effectively jump ship and
establish a human colony on Mars. Far from being mortal enemies, the United
States and the Soviet Union were actually the closest of allies: the Cold
War was a monumental con on the rest of humanity, which unwittingly supplied
the slave labour required for the gigantic construction projects.
survivors, one of the main players in this scenario of secret world history,
saw this as a perfect opportunity to continue with the creation of a master
race, with their Lebensraum relocated to Mars.
My belief is that the Nazis have been major, but far from the only players
in the game of world domination since the end of World War II: one among
many heads of the Hydra. Influential Nazis (possibly including Hitler) have
been behind the scenes since the end of the war, creating and implementing
schemes for the ultimate triumph of Die Neuordnung [New Order].
of Hitler's cohorts survived Nuremberg and may have been involved in
manipulations including international terrorism and the establishment of
drug and arms markets, as well as in collaboration with other more
'respectable' networks of world influence.
While I cannot state with certainty that Nazis are creating the 'real'
domination of Alternative 3, that they have constructed or are constructing
bases on Mars or
the moon to carry the ancient Grail of Aryan racial purity
away from what they conceive as a cataclysm-doomed Earth, I do have to
wonder at the logic and symmetry of detail. (72)
The complex, interconnected system of rumors-paranormal, historical and
political - that has grown up around Alternative 3 is perhaps the most
extreme expression of the postwar Nazi-survival idea.
Indeed, its very
extremeness provides a perfect example of the way in which seemingly
unconnected mysteries, truths and half-truths can take on an independent
life that quickly rages beyond control, spawning fantastically baroque
conspiracy theories that bear scant resemblance to the components from which
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