From Yeast to Human Genomes
While the scientific community remains leery of synthetic genome creation, many have united in praising this project's work.
"This is really going to allow us to understand how to design cells from the bottom up that can be reprogrammed for many applications."
Some of those "many applications" are what worry bioethicists, biologists, and environmentalists, among others.
Todd Kuiken from North Carolina State University's Genetic Engineering and Society Center compares the potential accidental or purposeful release of synthetic organisms to the introduction of invasive species.
"You can think of it of like introducing an invasive species into a different environment. It will have some type of impact to the system."
The yeast project is operating under conditions emphasizing safety as well as ethics.
"This is a whole new era where we're moving beyond little edits on single genes to being able to write whatever we want throughout the genome," says George Church, a prominent Harvard University geneticist.
"The goal is to be able to change it as radically as our understanding permits."