has called the UK and Germany
to account over their commitment to the terms
of last year's global agreement in Paris.
She has accused them of backtracking.
While Germany had taken some positive steps, it was sending mixed messages on climate change, UN envoy Mary Robinson said on Monday.
She accused Berlin and the UK, among others, of backtracking on the spirit of the Paris climate agreement by financing the fossil-fuel industry through subsidies.
German riot police
escort an anti-coal activist away
from the Vattenfall Spremberg station in May
Robinson said that Germany had made some positive steps, such as aiding developing countries which were confronting climate change.
UK tax breaks
Robinson also directed comments towards the UK, where the new government of Theresa May has closed the Department of Energy and Climate Change.
Pressure from The Elders
Robinson is also a member of a group of senior, international statesmen and women called "The Elders," founded by the late Nelson Mandela.
Current members include,
The group released a statement saying members had "major concerns" about action by leaders since the Paris agreement last December.
The Elders warned that climate action since Paris was insufficient:
The G7 commitment made in May to phase out "inefficient" fossil-fuel subsidies by 2025 was "too vague" they said.
Ahead of UN meetings on sustainable development this week in New York, The Elders called on world leaders to fill the $2.5 billion (2.26 billion Euros) funding gap to help countries facing drought and a humanitarian crisis linked to the El Niño climate phenomenon.
The Elders called on the leaders of,
...in particular, to "give generously," notwithstanding other pressures on aid budgets.
It noted that the current El Niño event was one of the strongest on record, causing over 60 million people worldwide to suffer from shortages of food and water, with Southern Africa experiencing its worst drought in 35 years.
The Elders also expressed concerns that the world's 10 major gas emitters had not yet ratified the Paris agreement, which only comes into force after at least 55 countries representing at least 55 percent of global emissions have ratified the deal.
Environmentalists in Germany have drawn attention to the dangers of emissions from coal-fired power stations:
Earlier in July, the Swedish state-owned
Vattenfall endorsed the
sale of four coal mines and mining
assets in Germany to Czech investors. Environmentalists said the
deal betrayed the Paris agreement.
He called the sale,