Scientist With an Attitude - Wilhelm Reich
by Jeane Manning

Federal employees worked with a vengeance when instructed to destroy the work of scientist Wilhelm Reich, M.D., at his laboratory in the state of Maine. Their 1956 court injunction said that construction materials in Reich's boxlike "orgone accumulator" could be salvaged, but the workers slashed the Celotex panels into useless junk.

Down the coast in New York, Reich's associates Dr. Michael Silvert and Dr. Victor Sobey were forced to load the literature in the Orgone Institute stock room into a large truck. The freight truck dumped the papers at a Lower Manhattan incinerator, for an FDA-ordered book burning.

The American Civil Liberties Union stepped in when it was too late, with a press release saying that the court order was a violation of free speech because only one of the torched books could be considered [an aid] to promote or explain the controversial orgone accumulator. (Orgone is the name Reich gave to a life force which he discovered to be within and around all living organisms, including the earth.)


The civil liberties press release said, in part,

"It is a serious challenge to freedom of the press, principles of free thought on which our democratic government is based, for an agency of government to take advantage of such a dragnet injunction to thwart the dissemination of knowledge, however eccentric or unpopular that knowledge may be."


No major newspaper used the press release. Furthermore, six scientists and educators sent all major papers in England a letter of protest about the book burning and Reich's sentencing. All the papers remained silent on the topic.

What was the suppression of Reich's scientific work really about?


It was apparently about more than just the FDA's responsibility to protect supposedly gullible consumers from spending money on devices which the FDA decreed were useless. Granted, Wilhelm Reich was brought to court because another physician transported Reich's orgone accumulators across state lines in defiance of a federal FDA order. Reich believed the courts had no mandate to judge basic scientific research nor to order him to destroy his life's work, so he returned to his laboratory and continued his writings. As a result of his attitude, he was fined heavily for contempt of court, sentenced to two years and four months, jailed despite his heart condition, and later died in prison just before he was eligible for parole.

So far, the story is comprehensible even though it is tragic. But why do writers even today deflect attention from Reich's most important discoveries related to a cosmic life force, weather control, and the Oranur demonstration of the dangerous effects of atomic radiation? Even academics who present themselves as researchers publish distortions of Reich's ideas.


Reich's biographers, W. Edward Mann and Edward Hoffman, point to a 1980 textbook which has sixteen factual errors in two pages on Reich.

"Most of them are vicious distortions... feeding the notion that Reich was either a quack or a nut."

Other writers, aiming for popular publications, look for ridiculous if not lewd material. Out of the remains of forty years of published opinions, personal correspondence and spontaneous statements from a prolific, courageous freethinker, it is not hard for a skeptic to find a few items which can be presented as amusing. A continual barrage of such ridicule put Reich down in popular history mainly as a psychiatrist and "sex doctor."

The labels do not do justice to Reich. His well-known studies of orgasmic potential (measurements of bio-electric charge correlated with emotions reported by patients) were only a part of the evolution of his work. Each step of his career—from being Sigmund Freud's most promising disciple who worked out how neuroses show up in the human body, to uncovering the pathology of fascism, to discovering entities under the microscope which he claimed were links between the non-living and the living—led him toward wide-ranging findings about the primordial sub-stratum that he called orgone.


He found it moving in living organisms and everywhere, saw it pulsating in "bions" under the microscope and glowing in the dark of an orgone accumulator. In the unpolluted oceans and atmosphere the energy could be seen in the blue color and lively sparkle. It is attracted to water but recoils from certain manmade factors. His later discoveries about the pre-atomic atmospheric substratum, and their implications for health and the environment, dwarfed any of his earlier work which led up to them.

In addition to the question of why detractors still try to diminish Reich, another nagging question remains:

Why did the United States government burn his soft cover books and papers wholesale?

The fires destroyed piles of copies of twenty books and journals. Crate after crate of his life's work was rounded up wherever it could be found, and hauled away into the furnaces.


Decades of scientific journals and publications on politics, psychiatry, education, sociology, sexology, microbiology, meteorology and other disciplines were reduced to ashes.


Some observers wonder if his free-energy invention played a part in the squashing of his scientific writings and the obliteration of his reputation. Reich claimed that he could power an electric motor with concentrated atmospheric energy.

  • Did economic interests want to crush that possibility?

  • Or was he correct in seeing the opposition to be more psychological— a gut-level reaction by what he called anti-life "armored" people who are in denial of his life-affirming discoveries?

  • Did mechanistic-minded people, in positions of power, fear being shown that they and the earth itself and the universe are filled with streamings of a vibrant, pulsating unpredictable life force?

Reich's experiments indicated that this living force could actually be measured in terms such as heat or movement, and that it is present in varying degrees depending on sickness or health of the organ-ism. And that this life-giving substratum is bothered by high-voltage power grids and is in effect irritated into a frenzy by unnatural levels of nuclear radioactivity.

A third possibility is that the unprecedented opposition came from the orthodox medical community. The orgone accumulator, central to Reich's legal troubles, was a simple medical-treatment box which concentrated the previously-unknown energy by a certain layering of absorbent organic and reflective inorganic materials. Experiments showed an anomalous rise in temperature inside the box, and even Albert Einstein had experienced this phenomenon under Reich's tutoring. Although Reich himself never claimed that the accumulator cured cancer, patients of a number of physicians reported that they were helped with various conditions by sit-ting in an accumulator or being treated with a smaller accumulator called a shooter.

The FDA had worked for years on the case before sheriff's officers finally led Reich in handcuffs to a small courthouse in Maine. At his trial for contempt of court, he defended himself but was not allowed to bring testimony about the medical effectiveness of the orgone accumulator nor even to explain "orgone."


Myron R. Sharif, Ph.D., later wrote about the trial and said the moment when fundamental issues stood out searingly was when FDA agent Joseph Maguire scornfully referred to Reich's discovery of a primal energy:

They talk about pre-atomic energy! What's that? We've moved way beyond that—we've got A-energy and now we are getting H-energy [the H-bomb].

Sharif and others knew that when atomic bombs were being tested, Reich's orgone experiments would become disturbed. Measurements inside the accumulators would swing strangely, which he said showed a seething reaction in the life-field of the earth after atomic testing.

Apparently sick at heart over what he saw as its tragic outcome, Sharif reported that the trial discussed meaningless secondary issues while it avoided Reich's scientific evidence. Probably the judge and jury were not capable of grasping a radically different world view—new understanding of a universal force—during the short span of time of a court battle.

Reich had plenty of time afterward to reflect on how his life reached such a distressing low point.


Born in the Ukrainian part of Austria, Reich's interest in biology began on his father's farm, where he lived until the First World War drew him into the Austrian army for three years. He began his formal education by studying law, switching to medicine and then specializing in psycho-analysis. He was one of Sigmund Freud's inner circle in Vienna in the 1920s, seen as Freud's most brilliant pupil and perhaps successor. About the time he became a political activist, he edged away from tradition-al Freudian methods of psychoanalysis. Revealing the independence of thinking that he kept all his life, he began to develop his own systems of therapy.

He worked in Berlin in the early 1930s. Still resisting Fascism, he had joined the German Communist Party and was a member of a cell block of brave writers and artists. They met in secret while Nazi storm troopers marched the streets. As the decade went on and the Nazis took over Germany, Reich was in increasing danger from Hitler's officers. He had been born of Jewish parents, was a psychiatrist and a Communist—three identities which Hitler hated.

At the same time Reich was studying Fascism and concluding that worsening social situations did not make people swing to the left politically. Instead, he noticed that fear of freedom led people to cling to authority figures who promised a better life.

The same year that Hitler came to power in Germany, 1933, Reich courageously published The Mass Psychology of Fascism. In February a student organization invited him to Copenhagen, Denmark, to lecture on Sexual Reform and Social Crisis. When he returned to Berlin on February 28, a conflagration broke out and was followed the next morning by arrest of more than a thousand left-wing intellectuals. Reich's friends either went underground, or were arrested or shot. Disguised as a tourist on a ski holiday to Austria, Reich escaped to Austria.

The psycho-analytic society there was hostile to Reich's views, how-ever, and after two months he emigrated to Denmark. Later that year he was excluded from the Danish Communist party, which he had never joined. One reason for the exclusion was that an article of Reich's on sex education caused a furore. Then he had argued with party officials who were supposed to help immigrants and who turned away a suicidal young immigrant who lacked the proper papers, and Reich made a scene in his protest against the inhumane episode.


A third strike against Reich was that he had started a publishing house without the permission of the Communist Party. Fourthly, his book The Mass Psychology of Fascism was considered counter-revolutionary.


Despite such experiences, Reich continued to be intellectually honest throughout his life, regardless of consequences. Through no fault of his own, much of his vision of a sexual revolution—toward a maturity in people—was lost in what actually happened in society. He would be opposed to pornography, with its emphasis on perverse, infantile and destructive elements.


Biographer David Boadella said Reich wanted to take away barriers to,

"re-emergence of a truly personalized sexuality that could deepen and enrich people's lives so fully that 'trips' to a heightened consciousness on drugs would be... irrelevant..."

In studying the relation between sexuality and anxiety, Reich the psychoanalyst developed a theory which considered the orgasm in terms of increase of surface electrical tension followed by a decrease. This avenue of study led him to look at plasma movements in one-celled animals. They too followed rhythms of reaching out toward the world and then retreating.

In the last month of that year the Danish Minister of Justice refused to renew Reich's residence permit, because of accusations by psychiatrists who did not agree with Reich's unorthodox writings. He relocated across the three-mile strait to Malmo, Sweden, and many of his Danish students began to commute by boat. But two Copenhagen psychiatrists contacted their counterparts in Sweden, and Swedish and Danish police co-operated in keeping watch on Reich and his students. City police searched his home in Malmo without a warrant. No charges were laid against Reich or his students, but again his residence permit was not renewed. On advice from a friend, Reich re-entered Denmark as an illegal immigrant for a time.

During that time his unorthodox views were co-opted by some psychoanalysts but they did not have the courage to present them in the frank manner which he did. In 1934 the 13th International Congress of Psycho-analysis expelled Reich, the man whom Sigmund Freud had titled "the founder of the modern technique in psycho-analysis."

In the mid-and late 1930s Reich was a refugee in Norway, after accepting the invitation of a professor he knew in Oslo. As a psychoanalyst Reich continued to develop new techniques for releasing blocked emotions. The human potential movement and today's bodywork therapies can be traced back to Reich.


While in Norway he first discovered what he called "bions," a microscopic form of particles which Reicheans say are a transitional form between non-living material and living organisms. The scientific community refused to accept his reports of spontaneous generation of life, nor his contention that as long as medical scientists study dead tissue, their under-standing of living organisms will remain limited.

His previous work led up to the discovery. His professor friend had made facilities at the Psychological Institute of Oslo University available to Reich, and Reich had turned to an assistant there for help on measuring electrical charges of the skin. He wanted to confirm his bio-electric concepts. Again he was a pioneer.

Out of his earnings from lectures, Reich paid for the building of sensitive new apparatus with electrodes and vacuum tubes connected to an oscillograph.* Mainly, Reich confirmed his tensions-charge theory and the theory that the organism worked like an electrolytic system, and that it has a continuous bio-electric field of excitation between nerve centers in the middle of the body and the skin surface.


* A device for producing a geographical record of the variation of a no-oscillating quantity, such as an electric current.

The holistic aspect of his work was important; for the first time in this way a scientist showed the organism to be a whole in which disturbance of one part affects it all. The bio-electric experiments showed the presence of one bio-psychological energy. His earlier work had indicated the energy being dammed up and then released in the body, and now his instruments showed pleasure causing an increase of measurable charge and displeasure causing decrease of bio-electric charge.

The prolific researcher was about to master yet another area of science. He wanted to study processes of expansion and contraction and corresponding bio-electric charges in protozoa—primitive forms of life. Did currents of a biological force work the same in all living creatures?


Loyal friends helped Reich buy equipment for microphotography, sterilization, and detecting electrical charges, as well as to hire assistants. In 1936 time-lapse photography of protozoa was a new idea, but Reich never let that stop him. His critics could not understand why he wanted high-magnification microscopes, since there was an upper limit above which the subject would become increasingly blurry. But he wanted to study movement within the protozoa, not the fine details of form.

A series of accidental or experimental changes in procedures led to his amazing discovery of moving lifelike forms which could be grown in cultures and developed from a variety of apparently non-living materials put in solutions which caused microscopic particles to swell. Artificially-created tiny blue-green vesicles (sacks) which he named "bions" grew in sterilized preparations of materials such as coal or sand. Under high magnification the vesicles could be seen in rolling, pulsating, rotating and merging movements. In controlled experiments he proved that the bions could not have appeared as a result of infection from the air.

While looking at bion cultures under the microscope, his eyes were burned by a non-nuclear radiation from them that he later found in the atmosphere. It was not the type of radiation known to physics. Instead, it corresponded more to the Hindu concept of prana or to the Chinese concept of chi. This is when he named it orgoneenergy of the organism.


It is a biological radiation, not electromagnetic, and an Oslo radiologist con-firmed that no standard nuclear radiation was present in the bion culture. In the dark, the cultures glowed with a vague greyish-blue light.

Reich also studied cancer tissue at high magnification and showed a leading cancer researcher some moving cancer cells from living tissue. The researcher took the tissue back to his own laboratory, performed the usual procedures which killed cells by drying and staining them, then in a smug tone reported that he had "controlled" Reich's experiment and found Reich's bions to be "only staphylococci." He apparently did not follow Reich's procedures, however.

Reich continued to follow the path which now leads into research on cancer pathology. Eminent Norwegians started a newspaper campaign against his work in all his fields of interest, and once again influential psychiatrists pressed a government to kick Reich out of their country—this time by changing licensing regulations. By now the furore had nothing to do with his former interest in Communism; he had seen it for what it is and became vehemently anti-communist. In the middle of Reich's intense study of bions, he had to quickly pack up his laboratory equipment.


On the last boat out of Norway before World War II, Reich again emigrated to another country.


After he arrived in the United States, Reich settled with his third wife in a rented house on Long Island, New York. The basement was used for experiments, the dining room transformed into a laboratory and the maid's room into an office/preparation room for laboratory cultures. Psychotherapy took place in what had been an extra bedroom. Reich further made a living by lecturing at the New School for Social Research as associate professor of medical psychology until 1941.

During those years Reich's research focus was on cancer and on radiation properties of his bions. To make certain that it was not only his own perceptions, he had his assistants stand in the dark and pick out test tubes which had a bluish glimmer of radiating bion cultures. Accidentally from a rubber glove incident he had found that organic materials absorbed the radiation.

His next experiment was to design an enclosure of metal to prevent leakage of the radiation from cultures. He lined the experimental boxes on the outside with organic materials—cotton or wood. The experiment was controlled by an identical metal box which was empty of bion cultures. To his surprise, the [empty] control box illuminated as if it held radiating cultures itself. It appeared to pull the same type of radiation from the very air.

From the experiments with experiencing a lumination visually, he went on to discover that heat concentrated in the box. It felt like the warmth and prickling which bion cultures produced on skin... He then learned that metal attracted the unusual radiation and then reflected it away, to be absorbed by the organic materials.

He then designed an accumulator with a glass window behind which a thermometer could be inserted. An identical thermometer at the same height outside the box measured room temperature. Reich found the accumulator was always about a half a degree Celsius warmer than surrounding air.

What it meant was that the life force he had previously found in bion cultures could be collected from the atmosphere by an orgone accumulator. In its one-layer form, it is a wooden box lined with sheet metal. It works like a one-way grid for the orgone, as in the greenhouse effect where a radiation is allowed to enter but is reflected back inside faster than it exits, and the concentration builds up. He and his associates learned they could sit inside the box, soak up a greater charge of life force than they could by sitting outside, and improve their health.

Among the experiments done with the accumulator, one type showed that an electroscope* discharges more slowly inside it. This could not be explained by the current theory on atmospheric electricity. Other experiments showed body temperature of people sitting inside the accumulator rose anomalously. Control experiments eliminated all standard explanations for the temperature rise.

* An apparatus for detecting an electric charge.

To follow what Reich was doing, he said, a scientist would have to drop all the intellectual baggage that's connected to the Second Law of Thermo-dynamics. Otherwise,

"he will not understand the temperature difference; he will feel inclined to do away with it as only heat convection or... this or that. He will fail to see its orgonomic, atmospheric significance."

Believers in the hypothesis of empty space likewise would not understand that a vacuum could light up and that the effect can vary with weather changes, Reich said.

In the orgone accumulator, heat is not produced out of nothing, Reich said, but rather the moving orgone within it is stopped by the accumulator's inner wall or the palm of a hand, and is then expressed as heat.

Reich's bion experiments continued, including one type which showed fogging on X-ray plates from the bions' radiation.


Over the following years Reich's patients reported that the orgone accumulator was helpful in treating many types of disorders such as arthritis, and especially cancer. He never claimed it was a cure for cancer, but somehow he gained the reputation of having claimed this.

He moved from New York to a small rural community, Rangeley, Maine, and set up an institute he called Orgonon. Throughout the 1940s he researched the orgone as well as kept up a practice and publishing his own journal The International Journal of Sex Economy and Orgone Research.

Reich also reported discovering the motor force—he claimed that enough energy was collected in an orgone accumulator to run an electric motor about the size of an orange. Plans for the motor were never published because he said humanity was not ready. As with all orgone phenomena, such as the accumulator, the orgone motor varied with the weather. Today, the Wilhelm Reich museum has a film of the motor.

The saga at Orgonon took a frightening turn when in 1951 Reich tried putting a small amount of radioactive material—radium—in an orgone accumulator. His hypothesis was that powerful orgone would wipe out the bad effects of nuclear radiation. He was wrong. Some unknown force, different and more powerful than the radioactive material itself, went crazy.

The reaction of an area highly charged with orgone and then exposed to radioactivity caused a local disaster; Reich's "oranur" experiment contaminated his laboratory, killed mice which he had in the laboratory for experiments and made everyone at the institute quite sick, including Reich, who fainted several times in the sickening atmosphere caused by the experiment.

One worker nearly passed out when he stuck his head in the accumulator. Rocks on the fireplace crumbled mysteriously. Granite sticking out of the ground several hundred yards away in the infected area blackened.

Dark, dull clouds hung overhead for days. The clouds seemed to be connected with an anti-life effect, and people's health worsened in their personal weak areas. For several weeks, radiation counts measured on Geiger-counters in a radius of 300 miles from Orgonon were unusually high.


Reich did his best to wash and decontaminate the building and surrounding area, but it took a long time and caused much stress to the people at Orgonon.


The disaster had a side effect. In an effort to clear the depressing clouds from the area, Reich invented the device he later called the cloudbuster. It is made simply—from hollow metal tubes pointed at an angle at the sky and grounded at the other end in flowing water, because water attracts the life force. The bundle of pipes is said to draw orgone out of the sky wherever it is pointed.

Why would Reich want to do that?


He and his associates would reply that radioactive fallout and other pollutants turn the lively natural-state orgone into a stale, stagnant, dead form of orgone which he called DOR, which stands for Deadly Orgone Radiation. He said DOR is a factor in causing droughts by inhibiting rain and cloud formation. One theory of cloudbusting is that by drawing the DOR out of the sky with a cloudbuster and then getting the healthy orgone moving again, the atmosphere returns to its natural cycles which include rain.

For several years he researched what could be done with a cloudbuster to change weather, and said he learned how to raise the energetic level of the surrounding atmosphere instead of just decrease it. When he took his cloudbusting equipment to Arizona, events became really strange, including alleged experiences with UFOs. Reich's journal of his 1954 journey reveals an unusual ability to sense the natural landscape and its moods, similar to the awareness and sensitivities of aboriginal peoples.

Reich viewed the cloudbusting operation as beneficial, bringing rain to the southwest in January 1955. One morning in Tucson there was so much rain that planes were unable to land at the airport. The previous weeks, he reported prairie grass had sprouted in the desert until in December 1954 the grass was a foot high on land that had been barren as long as anyone living could remember. This work was not as well documented, perhaps because of the distractions of a coming showdown with the government agents.

Meanwhile, the United States Food and Drug Administration gathered a case against his use of the orgone accumulator for therapy. The FDA and medical profession did not believe that it worked, and labeled it quackery. In 1954 the FDA ordered his [Reich's] hardcover books banned from circulation and his soft-cover books, including all his periodicals, burned. It also ordered him to stop making and distributing orgone accumulators. For refusing to obey the injunction against publishing, Reich was sentenced to two years in jail.


He died in prison in 1957, shortly before he would have been eligible for parole.


Years later, mainstream science has not accepted bions or Reich's more important findings regarding the atmosphere. An orgone accumulator sits in the St. Louis Museum of Quackery. However, small groups in several countries carry on the work. Some European health practitioners openly use orgone accumulators. A scientist and former weather forecaster, Dr. Charles R. Kelley, wrote A New Method of Weather Control in 1960 and published the only periodical related to Reich's work in the years just after Reich's death, up until 1965.


Another of Reich's students, the late Elsworth F. Baker, M.D., founded the American College of Orgonomy and began the Journal of Orgonomy about a decade after Reich's death. Headquarters of the small college are now in Princeton, New Jersey. It consists of a group of academics—mostly psychiatrists. The Wilhelm Reich museum at Rangeley, Maine, is open to the public in summer. Unfortunately, his will specified that his archives be sealed in a vault until the year 2007. He hoped that a new generation would seriously look at his work without feeling the need to squash it.

Over the years, some of Reich's publicly-stated views, such as his McCarthy-era accusations that certain government agents were Red Fascists, his claims of UFO-related experience, or his advocacy of adolescent sexual freedom, have been an embarrassment to followers who otherwise want to carry on his work. Some of them claim that, in his last few years of his life, Reich's loneliness and the cumulative effects of his experiences became too heavy. From around 1955 until his death in 1957, says biographer Boadella, "the paranoid ideas ran alongside perfectly rational concepts and insights."

The best of Reich's discoveries live on, although not publicized in mainstream media. A handful of individuals in various countries have continued to learn about "etheric weather modification." Such experimentation with atmospheric processes is not to be taken lightly, according to practitioners. In fact, they say that irresponsible cloudbusting operations can contribute to destructive weather instead of restoring the weather's natural rhythms.

There had been a unifying thread spun by Reich's varied research; most of his findings related to a central discovery. The growing thread of evidence pointed to reality of Life Force which can be scientifically demonstrated. It led to Reich's findings that, when the atmospheric life force over a large area has been assaulted too much, it locks into an immobile state of drought-causing stagnant air.

A Reichean-oriented scientist in Michigan and others add a somber note about degradation of the atmosphere. Herman Meinke of the Detroit area estimated in 1993 that the life force in the atmosphere is only about one/fortieth of the strength which it was during Reich's experiments. He has been repeating the experiments for many years, and found that they no longer show results which they did previously.


He blames the proliferation of nuclear testing and nuclear power plants for weakening the planet's atmospheric life force.


Reich's biographers hint that squashing of writings about a dynamic atmospheric force in the 1950s was related to the fact that the atomic power industry was emerging at that time; it would not do for the public to debate whether atomic fission and its byproducts turns life force in the environment into a destructive presence which Reich called Deadly Orgone Radiation. Nor would the atomic power industry want people to connect droughts and anomalous weather with atmospheric DOR. Reich's contemporary and fellow Austrian, Viktor Schauberger, also had an advanced understanding of what he saw as an energy whose life could be blown apart by proliferation of atomic radiation in the atmosphere.

Like Schauberger, Reich also learned from observing nature.


When Reich published photographs of trees dying from the tops downward because of poisoning of the biosphere—what he called the falling of DOR onto the trees—he was one of the first scientists to warn that the planet could become a lifeless wasteland. His work indicated that the life force within an organism is stimulated by outer orgone in the atmosphere. Has the weakening of the life force in the atmosphere by pollution, been reflected within humanity and other species? The many weakened immune systems—from cancers in sea life to AIDS in humans—presents a strong clue.

Reich's followers today say that Reichean methods to break up block-ages in the atmosphere can help save the day, if the causes of Deadly Orgone Radiation are also removed. (Reich said the causes include treatment of babies and children which perpetuates an emotional desert in humanity.) His followers describe a scenario of atmospheric medicine, including cloudbusters, renewed vitality in the air and in organisms, and greening of deserts.

To the end of his life, Reich was close friends with English educator A. S. Neill of the famous Summerhill school, who also pioneered a life-affirming approach to children. Neill wrote in 1958,

"If the anti-life men in charge of our lives do not destroy the world, it is possible that people as yet unborn will understand what Reich was doing and discovering."

Former student of Wilhelm Reich, Dr. Charles R. Kelley of 13715 SE 36 St., Steamboat Landing, Vancouver, WA 98685, USA teaches a correspondence course titled Science and the Life Force.


  • Blasband, Richard A. "Orgone Energy as a Motor Force," New Energy Technology. Planetary Association for Clean Energy. Ottawa, Ontario, 1988.

  • Boadella, David. Wilhelm Reich: The Evolution of His Work. Arkana, London, 1985.

  • Boadella, David. Appendix One, "The Trial of Wilhelm Reich" by Sharif, Myron R. first published by Ritter Press, 1958.

  • Burr, Harold Saxton. Blueprint for Immortality: The Electric Patterns of Life. Essex, England: C.W. Daniel, 1972.

  • Eden, Jerome. Orgone Energy. Hicksville, New York: Exposition Press, 1972.

  • Einstein, Albert. Correspondence with Wilhelm Reich 1941-1944, from the Archives of the Orgone Institute.

  • The History of Orgonomy, "Wilhelm Reich on the Road to Biogenesis," author unknown; this author has only part of this manuscript from the Archives of the Orgone Institute.

  • Ind, Peter. Cosmic Metabolism and Vortical Accretion. Self-published manuscript, England, 1964.

  • Kelley, Charles R. A New Method of Weather Control. Westport, Connecticut: Radix, 1960.

  • Mann, W. Edward and Hoffman, Edward, The Man Who Dreamed of Tomorrow. Los Angeles: J.P. Tarcher, 1980.

  • Manning, Jeane. "A Cause of Droughts? Interview with Dr. James De Meo," Explore! Magazine Vol. 4, No. 1, 1993.

  • Manning, Jeane. "Travels Across the Continent," Explore! Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1994.

  • Pulse of the Planet Journal. Orgone Biophysical Research Laboratory, California, 1991.

  • The Wilhelm Reich Foundation. The Orgone Energy Accumulator, Orgone Institute Press 1951.

  • "A Motor Force in Orgone Energy, Preliminary Communications," Orgone Energy Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 1.

    (The last two items are reprinted in A History of Free Energy Discoveries by Peter A. Lindemann, Borderland Sciences, Garberville, CA 1986.)

Back to Contents


Back to Wilhelm Reich and Orgone Energy