Here is some interesting MONSANTO history:
The Jewish Monsanto Family of Louisiana included Benjamin, Isaac,
Manuel, Eleanora, Gracia and Jacob. They made frequent purchases of
Blacks including twelve in 1785, thirteen and then thirty-one in
1787, and eighty in 1768.
In 1794, Benjamin sold "Babet," a Black woman, to Franco Cardel.
Manuel sold two Blacks from Guinea named "Polidor" and "Lucy" to
James Saunders for $850 in silver.
As individuals they were owners of Africans whom they named "Quetelle,"
"Valentin," "Baptiste," "Prince," "Princess," "Ceasar," "Dolly,"
"Jen," "Fanchonet," "Rozetta," "Mamy," "Sofia," and many others.
Isaac repeatedly mortgaged four of these when in financial trouble.
Benjamin Monsanto of Natchez, Mississippi entered into at least 6
contracts for the sale of his slaves which would take place after
his death. Gracia bequeathed nine Africans to her relatives in her
1790 will, and Eleanora also held Blacks as slaves.
Manuel Jacob Monsanto entered into at least 12 contracts for sale of
slaves between 1787 and 1789 in Natchez and New Orleans,
"His family consists of himself and seven
Later, "Jacob Monsanto, son of Isaac Rodrigues
Monsanto, one of the very first known Jews to settle in New Orleans,
owner of a several-hundred-acre plantation at Manchac, fell in love
with his slave, Mamy or Maimi William. Their daughter Sophia, grew
up to be a lovely quadroon."
An excerpt of one of Benjamin's many
slave contracts follows:
"Be it known to all to whom these presents shall come, that I
Benjamin Monsanto do really and effectually sell to Henry Manadu a
negro wench named "Judy," aged Eighteen years, native of Guinea, for
the sum of four hundred Dollars in all the month of January in the
year one thousand Seven hundred and ninety one; and paying interest
at the rate of ten per cent for the remaining two hundred and fifty
Dollars until paid; said negro wench being and remaining mortgaged
until final payment shall have been made; wherewith I acknowledge to
be fully satisfied and content, hereby renouncing the plea of non
numerata pecunia, fraud, or others in the case Whatsoever; granting
formal receipt for the same.
For which said consideration I do
hereby resign all right, title, possession and claim, in and to the
said Slave, all of which I transfer and convey to the Said Purchaser
and his assigns, to be, as his own, held and enjoyed, and when fully
paid for, Sold, exchanged, or otherwise alienated at pleasure in
virtue of these presents granted in his favor in token of real
delivery, without other proof of property being required, from which
he is hereby released, binding myself to maintain the validity of
this present sale in full form and right in favor of the Purchaser
aforesaid, and granting authority to the Justices of his Majesty to
compel me to the performance of the same as if Judgment had already
been given therein, renouncing all laws, rights, and privileges in
my favor whatsoever.
And I the said Henry Manadu being present, do
hereby accept this Instrument in my favor, receiving said negro
Wench as purchased in the form and for the consideration therein
mentioned and contained, wherewith I am fully satisfied and content,
hereby renouncing the plea of non numerato pecunia, fraud, or other
considerations in the case Whatsoever; granting formal receipt for
Done and executed, in testimony thereof, at the post of
Natchez, this nineteenth day of the month of February in the year
one thousand seven hundred and ninety...."
Benjamin Monsanto, sold land and,
"a Dwelling House, Store, and two
other buildings, for which I have received payment in a negro, named
'Nat;' to my full satisfaction." Another contract stipulated "that
Don Louis Faure is bound to defend the said sale in case the negro
shall be claimed by any other Person."
In a 1792 contract, Benjamin
mortgaged his Black slaves:
"I do hereby specially mortgage three
slaves to me belonging, namely Eugene and Louis, aged twenty four
years each, the first named of the Senegal nation and the second of
the Congo nation; and a Negro Woman named Adelaide, aged twenty
eight years, also of the Congo nation; which said slaves I warrant
free from mortgage or other encumbrance, as I have made appear by
certificate from the Recorder of mortgages; and which said slaves I
promise and engage shall not be sold nor otherwise alienated during
the term of this obligation..."
The following Jews were known dealers, owners, shippers or
supporters of the slave trade and of the enslavement of Black
African citizens in early New York history.
Solomon Myers Cohen,
Isaac H. Levy,
Joseph Israel Levy,
Uriah Phillips Levy,
To read more... about Jewish Slave Dealers And Owners