Adrenal - An organ located above the kidneys - it
manufactures a natural steroid called
cortisol, which is
associated with stress.
Amygdala - This is a pair of structures that exist an inch
or so in from the forehead - there's one on the right side and
one on the left side - they supposedly have an impact on moods. (The
right one is active when a person is depressed, and the left one
is active when a person is cheerful.) Also, they are associated
with fear, and the "fight or flight" response.
Note - some
disagreement over precisely how the Amgydalae operate -
article seems to reflect what I put above. Although,
other sources I've been told say the backs of the two
amgydalae are associated with "bad" feelings
and the fronts of both are associated with good feelings.
(Neil Slade seems to subscribe to this theory. Here's his
with religious experiences - one causes elation/the other
Angular Gyrus - A tiny part of the brain in the right cortex that
some sources connect with out of body experiences. (Here's the
link - judge the validity of this claim for yourself:)
Projection - In a nutshell, it's a
kind of out of body experience. I don't want to bog the
definition down with a lot of details. (I've never astrally
projected, myself - so I can't really vouch for it one way or the
Auriculotherapy - "Ear Acupuncture". This site has more
Beats - A technique used with
brainwave entrainment that allows a person to perceive tones that
are below the range of human hearing (or pretty damn close to it.)
For a more elaborate explanation, read the definition for
Brainwave Entrainment in its entirety.
Entrainment - This is using
stimulii (such as sound, light, or EM fields) to influence the
rate of our brainwaves, which in the process affects our mental
Our brain plays "monkey
see/monkey do" with stimulii in the proximity. If you have
lights flashing at 4 cycles a second, our brain will begin to
mimic that with its own brainwaves. When our brainwaves are at a
certain frequency, our body will do whatever it normally would do
-- we normally produce brainwaves of 4 cycles a second when we're
sleeping - so pulsating light at this rate would put a person to
Say you want to do this with
sound instead of pulsating light - since most brainwave
entrainment frequencies are below 30 HZ, and are often below
human hearing range, you (usually) can't just generate the tones
using a wave generator. There are two methods that are typically
used to generate these ultra-low tones in a way that humans can
perceive them and feel their effects :
1) Binaural Beats - Using a
computer or synthesizer (and a good pair of stereo headphones),
generate two tones, one in the left ear, one in the right - your
brain imagines it hears a third tone equal to the difference
between the two tones. (For instance, if you had a 400 HZ tone in
one ear, and a 404 HZ tone in the other, you would perceive a
third tone of 4 HZ.) And this would have the same effects that a
pulsating light at 4 cycles per second would. In order for this
to work, the two tones need to be below 1000 HZ. There are two
good programs for creating Binaural Beats : CoolEdit from
The latter is probably the most user-friendly, and is good for
people new to brainwave entrainment, since it has presets that
come with it. (I found it to work very well, since it
incorporates a strobe light into the mix as well.)
2) Modulation - While a tone
at 4 HZ would be too low to hear by itself, if you generate noise
and then fluctuate its pitch or volume at 4 times each second,
this can also be used for brainwave entrainment, and would affect
us the same way a 4 HZ binaural would. CoolEdit from
is the best software to use with this method. (Although, he uses
a slightly more complicated technique than just fluctuating the
pitch or volume.)
As far as which of these two
methods are better - binaural beats probably work better for
brainwave entrainment, but the second method will work from
speakers - headphones aren't required. That can come in handy -
especially when you want to experiment with brainwave entrainment
while sleeping or meditating - ever tried falling asleep wearing
headphones? I have a cordless pair, and even with those, it's not
(And if that's not enough
information about Brainwave Entrainment, check out the
Brainwave Entrainment links for even more.)
Ranges - In talking about
brainwaves, they are typically broken up into ranges, each range
being associated with different mental states. The five common
brainwave ranges are listed below (although I really simplify
what they're associated with here - for more specific mental
states these ranges are associated with, consult the brainwave
frequency list itself.)
Delta Range - 0.5 to 4 HZ
(associated with deep sleep)
Theta Range - 4 HZ to 8 HZ
(seen in dreaming sleep, and other mental states where the
mind is wandering, like daydreaming and imagining)
"A person .. driving on a
freeway & discovers .. they can't recall the last
five miles, is often in a theta state--induced by the
process of freeway driving .. [It's] .. a state where
tasks become so automatic .. you can mentally
disengage from them."
"[Our dominant brainwave]
edges down toward theta when we go into trance."
Alpha Range - 8 to 13 HZ (relaxed
Beta Range - 13 HZ to 30 (??)
HZ (normal awake state/aware)
Gamma Range - 30 (??) HZ
to 60 (??) HZ (associated with consciousness - the brain
stops producing gamma waves when we're put under for anaesthesia, for example)
Note that there's a LOT of
disagreement over where Beta range ends and Gamma range begins. (hence
the question marks)
Also, some sources will take
it and break it down further, into "high beta" &
"low beta" or "Theta1" & "Theta2",
for example. And there are a couple other ranges like Epsilon,
Lambda & Sigma that some sources throw in to the mix that
really aren't as commonly used.
Nucleus - a part of the brain - one side of it
is associated with various states of arousal. The other side is
associated with relaxation/calm.
Clairvoyance - the alleged power of seeing things
not present to the senses. (from a dictionary I own
- unfortunately the cover and cover pages got lost a long time
ago, so I'm not sure which one it is.)
Consciousness - it seems to be a
similar concept to the "Holy Spirit" of Christianity.
Edgar Cayce mentions it quite a few times.
Color - WARNING : Those frequency listing entries that
requested you see this - they really aren't frequencies in HZ -
they are wavelength values in NM. On the Brainwave Generator
message board in April 2003, Glen Oberman posted a conversion
equation between NM and HZ for colors. In his words :
If you had 'k'
nm, you would have 3*10^17 / 'k' hz.
Since the true values in HZ
would be extremely high, it's necessary to reduce the octave [divide
in half] until you're in the audible hearing range. (In much the
same way Hans Cuosto does with the orbits and revolutions of
planets, except he's usually going up in octave, not down.)
I used the table on
this webpage as the basis for the wavelength values for the
various colors, for the sake of converting them into frequency
values in HZ. I plugged them into a spreadsheet I cooked up in
Quattro Pro, and arrived at these values :
Values in NM
Values in HZ
68.21 - 90.83
90.95 - 104.94
117.61 - 124.02
128.70 - 139.21
142.11 - 148.29
158.63 - 174.90
179.51 - 243.61
Potential problems with this
1) As you can see, the source
for the wavelength values left tiny gaps in between where one
color ended and the next began. (It probably doesn't make a big
difference in terms of wavelengths.) Take red and orange, for
instance. A value between 104.94 and 106.58 likely would be right
on the border between the two.
2) Any of these HZ ranges for
each color can be reduced or increased an octave by doubling or
halving the values in that range. So, you likely have ranges that
overlap. For instance, a value HZ that may be associated with the
color red could also be associated with a lower octave of another
color. So it makes me think perhaps other methods of associating
colors with sound frequencies are needed.
(Chakras, anybody?) (What does
to associate colors and tones? They seem to have some funky
system they use in all their freeware sound programs.)
Cortisol - It's a natural steroid which is produced in the
adrenal cortex (located above the kidneys) which both inhibits
the immune system and has anti-inflammatory effects. It's also
associated with stress and aging. (It's released in response to
stress.) Reducing cortisol production in theory could be used for
anti-aging effects. Increasing it could be helpful for people
with allergies, where the immune system is going bonkers over a
foreign agent in the body which is usually harmless - it's not
the agent itself which causes the allergic reaction, but the
inflammation caused by the immune system attacking the hell out
of it. If you can eliminate this misfiring of the immune system,
in theory, you can eliminate the allergic reaction.
Cymatics - The study of the effects of sound on matter - I
use it as a very loose term to cover sound frequencies that claim
to effect matter or human biology in some way.
DHEA - A hormone manufactured in the
Adrenals, just above the kidneys - production of it starts
off slow in early childhood, and then begins to pick up, hitting
its maximum when a person is in his/her 20s, and then it declines
from there. It's not completely known what this hormone does -
although many claims are associated with it [anti-aging, AIDS
therapy, anti-cancer, increased sex drive, weight loss, muscle
gain, etc]. This site has a lot of useful information on DHEA -
Opiates - A family of chemicals the
brain produces that serve as pain-killers, and also help to
reduce anxiety and fear. This family includes Endorphins,
Ekephalins, and Dynorphins. (Paraphrased from :
Endorphins - These are chemicals the brain generates that
regulate pain. (the right sort of endorphins serve as natural
"Endorphins actually determine what 'reality'
is for each of us - endorphins, our natural opiates, are
a filtering mechanism in the brain. The opiate system
selectively filters incoming information from every sense
- sight , hearing , smell, taste and touch and blocks
some of it from percolating to higher levels of
Enkephalins - Like endorphins, these are chemicals the brain
generates that can serve as natural pain killers.
Excretion - The process of removing waste materials from the
body. Besides the most obvious 'waste materials', excretion would
also cover things like exhaling carbon dioxide. Per the Merriam-Webster
dictionary, an excretion differs from a secretion
in that secretions are useful biologically in some way (like
sweat), whereas excretions are not - the body just dumps them. (This
makes for a great topic at parties, particularly when people are
Frontal Lobe - The frontal lobe is one of the five lobes of the
cortex and its primarily function is receiving input from the
rest of the brain, planning, organizing, problem solving,
selective attention, personality, motor control, and a variety of
higher cognitive functions, including behavior and emotions.
Effect - This effect was first
noticed by Arctic explorers - when they encountered blizzard
conditions and could see nothing but white regardless of where
they looked, it tended to create altered states of consciousness.
These altered states can also be created by sound in the same way
- if pink noise is blasted through headphones into both ears, it
creates a "sonic blizzard" with the same altered states
of consciousness that you get with a literal blizzard.
More information :
Box X Method - A method of creating
binaural beats using more than one voice, where the monaurals and
accidental binaurals created actually complement the primary
binaural, either having the same value of it, or a multiple of
that value. This post on the BwGen message board explains how to
create them using Brainwave Generator :
An example of a preset using
the Harmonic Box method can be found on the
Sonic Alchemy Logbook page [see entry for 10/26/03].
Hippocampus - Simple definition - A part of the brain that is
required to form long term memories. If we took that part of the
brain out, short term memories could still be formed, and
memories stored would still be there, but no new long term
memories could be formed. For more information, visit this
site, scrolling about midway down the page.
Sounds - sounds above human hearing.
while not audible to humans directly,
can "affect the
acoustic perception of audible sounds .. Psychological evaluation
indicated that the subjects felt the sound containing
an HFC to be more pleasant than the same sound lacking
State - This is the state where a
person is right on the brink between being awake and being asleep.
It's often accompanied by sleep paralysis, and some believe it to
be the state a person needs to be in to have out of body
State - Similar to the Hypnagogic
State, except where the Hypnagogic State happens while in the
process of falling asleep, the Hypnopompic State happens while
coming out of sleep.
Hypothalamus - "The hypothalamus is generally very active
in regulating our primary instincts and emotional responses. The
instincts for basic survival, fight or flight, mating, eating,
and drinking, are all regulated right here. It is very easy to
evoke an intense rage or pleasure response by stimulating the
hypothalamus." (This definition is
Qui Gong Machine - The
Infratonic QGM was
developed out of scientific research in Beijing China which
studied natural healers and found that most powerful healers were
able to emit a strong infrasonic (low frequency sound) signal
from their hands. The sound emitted from average individuals was
only a hundredth as strong. The Infratonic, now used by 1%
of all doctors in the United States, was developed out of this
Keely - Finally, some information on Keely. Per
email@example.com, he designed something called the Krell Helmet -
chances are it's some kind of brain stimulation device that
relies on electromagnetic fields generated in the helmet. I'll
add more as I learn more.
Kundalini - A very general description - Kundalini is some
sort of mystical energy or force that exists at your base, and
during a Kundalini awakening, makes its way up from your base
into your forehead region. Supposedly, if people aren't "ready"
for a kundalini awakening, it can really mess them up. There are
forms of yoga that help to stimulate the kundalini. (I've never
had any experience with any of this - but I feel the need to
include a definition though, since it's mentioned in the
frequency list and it's not a common word.)
"Life energy" frequency - 10 PHZ (PETAHERTZ) "This was
probably the frequency used by the Russian scientist Vlail P.
Kaznacheyev in his experiment. The result of the experiment, the
Kaznacheyev effect, is that if a cell culture is killed or
injured, and the "death" photons from it are sent to
another culture, which in the absence of visible light (which
would quench the paranormal effects, see the above mentioned
Excalibur Briefing), suffers the same effects." [MM]
Limbic System - "a group of subcortical structures (as the
hypothalamus, the hippocampus, and the amygdala) of the brain
that are concerned especially with emotion and motivation"
[from Merriam-Webster dictionary via AOL]
Lucid Dreaming - A form of dreaming where you are consciously
aware that you are dreaming, and can control your actions in the
dream, and in some cases, even control the environment of the
Lymphocytes - Simple definition - these are a sort of white
blood cell that help fend off foreign cells and other unwanted
things that have "invaded" the body. It's the
lymphocytes that sometimes cause a body to reject a transplanted
organ, for instance, and they're sometimes responsible for
allergic reactions as well.
Window - Frequencies which (according to Thomas E. Bearden)
are especially suited for coupling to and bringing energies from
other dimensions. [EX via MM] Another
source seems to imply such frequencies could be used to
communicate from one dimension to another. (As you can see - this
is kind of venturing into the realm of new-agey pseudo-science,
but I wouldn't rule it out for that reason alone - much of what
we take for granted today in science was seen as pseudo-scientific
at one point.)
The range of frequencies that most of these magic windows fall
under are well above human hearing - more than likely, they are
intended to be 'accessed' using electromagnetic means (a device
that creates an EM field). Although, if you're up for a challenge,
you could try lowering the
octave of these
frequencies (i.e. dividing the number by two) until you reach a
point where you're in the range of audible sound, and then try
plugging that frequency into a sound generator.
Melantonin - A hormone produced by the pineal gland in the
brain - it helps to promote normal sleep patterns. [TM] also
mentions that it can decrease the aging process. Another source
says it can create very vivid dreams.
Neuralgias - A simple definition - a condition that causes
brief episodes of stabbing pain between the eyes and ears.
Norepinephrine - A natural chemical the body generates which acts
as a vaso-constrictor [constricts blood vessels]. It also
increases heartrate & blood pressure, and opens up the air
passages in the lungs. It is generated in response to short-term
stress, and serves to mobilize the body's resources in order to
meet the stressful challenge.
Octave - Okay, a very simple definition. Ready? "do,
re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, do". The two do's are an octave
apart. The second "do" is a higher octave of the first
"do". The first "do" is a lower octave of the
second "do". The significance of octaves is that they
are the same note - the only difference is the pitch. So, for any
of the (sound) frequencies on this list, higher and lower octaves
in theory could have the same effects that the original frequency
Determining higher and lower
octaves of a frequency is a piece of cake - just double or half
the number. Higher octaves of 7.0 HZ, for instance, would be 14.0,
28.0, 56.0, etc. You can keep going until infinity - just keep on
One use for this is to bring
frequencies that are below hearing range to a point where it is
an audible sound - this is how a lot of the "planetary"
tones were calculated. They determined the fraction of a
revolution a planet would go through in a second, and then kept
doubling the number until they got to an octave that was an
It also can be used to bring
frequencies above the human hearing range to the point where they're
an audible sound - instead of doubling the number, half it
instead until you reach an octave that is within human hearing
Imagery - The funky pattern/haze
you get when you rub your eyes.
Pineal - a tiny organ in the brain [about the size of a
pea] that helps to regulate sleeping patterns in mammals [i.e.
circadian rhythm], as well as seasonal changes. It is sensitive
to light - in the absence of light, it produces a hormone (melantonin)
that makes us sleep. Functionally, it is the closest thing we
have to a "third eye".
Rife frequency - Rife was a fellow who tinkered with using
electromagnetic fields at certain frequencies to cure/treat
various ills. The frequency set of 20 HZ, 727 HZ, 787 HZ, 800 HZ,
880 HZ, 5000 HZ, and 10000 HZ were used for general treatment
across the board, and other frequencies were then added to treat
While Rife's frequencies were
generated using electromagnetic means - some of the "mental
state" entries for Rife may work using a sound medium, since
entrainment can be done with any
periodic phenomena, whether it be light [strobe lights], sound [ocean
waves,binaural beats,etc], EM fields [from appliances], vibration
[those funky massaging contraptions they sell], or even motion [rocking
a baby to sleep].
I don't have every Rife
frequency that exists on this page - really, I doubt a frequency
to treat something like scoliosis or rectal itching would be very
useful to many people, and would only serve to take up a lot of
space - if you're looking for frequencies to treat very specific
diseases, this page looks like it has every frequency ever used
by Rife or any of the researchers who played around with the same
sort of thing :
Turf's Electroherbalism Page /
frequency listing archives.
- The state of being aware of one's existence without thinking.
Definition from + More Info at :
Schumann resonance - A simple definition - EM field generated by the
earth's atmosphere when it's struck by energy from the sun - it
can entrain brainwaves much as EM fields from appliances can, in
theory. Here's some additional information.
Schumann Resonances are
actually observed by experiment to occur at several frequencies
between 6 and 50 cycles per second, specifically 7.8, 14, 20, 26,
33, 39 and 45 Hertz, with a daily variation of about +/- 0.5
Hertz. [from http://www.innerx.net/personal/tsmith/Schumann.html]
7.83 is the strongest
of the seven resonances, per
The amplitude (i.e.
intensity) of the Schumann resonance is, however, not
constant, and appears to be extremely dependent upon
tropical (and hence global) temperature.
Indeed preliminary results seem to indicate that a mere
one degree increase in temperature seems to be correlated
with a doubling of the Schumann resonance.
This could not be more significant.
Serotonin - A chemical in the brain which helps regulate
moods - too little of it, and you can end up depressed. Too much
of it can cause migraines and nausea. Just the right amount, and
it's a great anti-depressant/mood elevator.
Deep Dreamless -
Experts are finding that it's only during deep, dreamless sleep
that the body restores itself, fixing wear and tear and building
new skin, bone, and muscle.
Sphincter Resonance - In the 1960s, apparently, somebody discovered the
resonating frequency of the sphincter. They created a device
called an "Anal Sphincter Resonator" - an organ-like
device. It was used in a suspense thriller play - they intended
it to "shake up" the audience when danger was being
acted out - apparently it caused the entire audience to soil
themselves. (I've also heard this referred to as a 'Brown Note'.)
- Middle period from one new moon to the next.
Thalamus - A component of the brain that
acts as a 'routing center' for all sensory information that comes
up the spinal cord from the body. Drugs that shut down the
Thalmus are often used for anesthetic effects. (This definition came from this
Thyroid - A butterfly-shaped gland just
below the Adam's apple which controls the body's metabolism - it
does this by producing thyroid hormones, which tell the body how
fast to work and use energy.
The definition came
from this now dead link: deadlink://www.the-thyroid-society.org/faq.
Attemping to go to the main page now loads up some crappy
search engine that tries to finagle you into using it as
your startup page, so I wouldn't advise going there. (Anybody
remember when the internet didn't have that sort of
rubbish?) MPT 7/7/04.