Inside The Collaboration
The following information comes
from an article written by researcher William Hamilton, titled MAGICAL
CAVERNS, which was in turn based upon Hamilton's book ALIEN MAGIC:
...The first case of subterranean abduction that I investigated occurred in
1988. I never reached a firm conclusion regarding the information that
resulted from this investigation, but did receive corroborating reports from
other abductees. The incident occurred in the Rosamond area of the Antelope
Valley in California up on the sides of the Tehachapi Mountains.
Tehachapi mountains rise on the north side of the valley. There is a saddle
in the mountains and a secret Northrop electromagnetic testing facility is
in the area just below the saddle. The Northrop facility has been dubbed the
"Ant-hill" or the "Black Hole" by some of the locals who refer to it as a
multileveled underground facility.
Ray and Nancy worked at the
Northrop B-2 assembly factory in Palmdale. Ray
is a Native American. Ray was an aircraft inspector and worked swing shift.
One June night he decided to take a midnight ride with Nancy up to the cut
in the Tahachapi mountains. This cut appears as an inclined whitish mark on
the side of the foothills. It actually marks the site of a road that winds
up around the mountains.
On the backside is an entrance to an artificial
plateau that had been blasted out of the rocks. Ray parked his truck on this
plateau. They got out to look at the stars and the city lights of Lancaster
and Palmdale in the valley far below. While looking at the stars, Nancy
noticed that some of them were moving around and brought it to Ray's
Ray got his flashlight out of
the truck and started signaling the lights. At some point, Nancy noticed a
bright basketball-sized orb hovering just above a nearby knoll. They both
walked closer to get a better look at the orb. Ray thought it had just risen
out of some invisible opening in the ground. It seemed to be flashing and
sparkling. Some sort of line dangled from its underside. It rose a little
higher and Nancy tried to speak to it, having an intuitive feeling that some
intelligence has guided the orb to that plateau for their benefit.
watched this strange phenomenon around one o'clock in the morning, they next
observed the morning dawn light over the far distant eastern hills.
Something had just snatched four hours of time out of their lives. The orb
was gone. They were terrified and drove quickly home. The next day, they
felt a vibration going through their apartment. When they went outdoors,
they saw two orbs hovering above their apartment. This scared them badly.
I took Ray and Nancy to a local hypnotist and she regressed
refused to be regressed, expressing fear over what she might discover about
those four hours of missing time. Ray was an excellent subject. When in
trance, with little prompting, he fell backwards nearly to the floor before
we caught him. The regression brought out some amazing revelations. Ray and
Nancy had been abducted and taken underground!
Under hypnosis he kept mentioning the
Kern River to the north. "There is an
area near the Tehachapi Mountains called the Kern River Project. The upper
river is being used by the government for hydro-electric power to power an
underground facility at Tehachapi Ranch [actually, the Tejon Ranch]. The
mountain next to the power facility is being hollowed out...there is mud all
around and it's so obvious, but apparently people aren't looking.
power is being used for the Ranch, which is the site of underground 'skunk
works' where highly technical aircraft, spacecraft and all kinds of stuff
are being dealt with. It is a huge underground base, probably close to the
size of the one under 29 Palms Marine Base. It has huge hangers and very
large elevators as well as technical laboratories. There is a whole city
under there, large passageways...the whole valley is full of tunnels. You
can drive from one end to the other underground.
You can drive from Palmdale,
site of the Northrop, Lockheed and 'black project' areas, to California
City...all underground. There are tunnels all the way to George AFB.
apparently have ACCESS...they've been seen all over the place. The
[corporate] government LETS them do whatever they want.
They're probing the
human brain, trying to find our WEAKNESSES and learning how to CONTROL us
(like they've apparently 'learned' to 'control' the secret [corporate]
government elite who in turn control these underground military-industrial
networks and who have in essence turned these facilities over to the aliens,
whether out of fear of retaliation, out of some type of global control
agreement, or just plain mind control? - Branton). They dissect
humans...can't describe the dissections because they are not humane. Really
morbid. The 'government' knows it...they just turn their heads.
in the government want to STOP this but they don't know HOW to stop it."
so many "in the know" have already said, the entire "alien-interaction"
scenario is completely "out of control", which I would guess means that WE
are NO LONGER in control of the situation. In other words the "framework"
which was created as a result of the alien-interaction projects when most of
the human collaborators believed that the "aliens" were benevolent, is STILL
in place, even after "we" lost control of the situation.
now have CONTROL of much of the INFRASTRUCTURE that grew out of the early
interaction projects, the control-structure or "establishment" itself WILL
NOT and CAN NOT do anything about the situation. It is up to those on earth
who are NOT bound by security RESTRICTIONS, or fraternal secret society
OATHS, or in the case of humanoid "visitors" those who are not bound by non-interference
DIRECTIVES -- such as the many Nordic-Terran HYBRIDS who have according to
Michael Wolf and others been LEGALLY born into this society.
In other words
it is those AND ONLY THOSE who are FREE from and operating OUTSIDE OF 'THE
SYSTEM' who have the power to change the situation for the better. - Branton)
Ray was disconcerted that
Greys had Nancy strapped to a table in this
facility. He could see instruments all around. During hypnosis he would
freeze up when recalling this scene. He yelled and became very emotional. He
was convinced they would rape her and violate her, yet he was helpless to
He and Nancy also felt they had contact with a benevolent race
of aliens who had observed their capture [by the Greys]. After a few months,
Ray and Nancy announced to me that they wanted little more to do with
reporting further events. They felt exposed and monitored and feared
retribution if they continued talking. They last told me they intended to go
to Bible classes to find refuge from this enormous EVIL that encroached upon
Many witnesses have observed unusual phenomenon over the Tejon Ranch. One
night on March 3, 1991 Pearl Schultz and Aric Leavitt sighted five or six
UFOs moving in pairs at various speeds and sometimes switching directions
over the Tehachapi Mountains. Each had a pulsating light that alternated
from bright white to heavy red. Mrs. Schultz noticed orange and yellow
colors. Some of the UFOs seemed to come from the saddle area.
A man named Stan saw a bright flash of orange light which seemed to have a
cigar-shape. He saw this from Avenue I looking northwest over the
Three witnesses went up to the plateau near the Anthill on January 31, 1991.
They saw a green-glowing disk take-off from this facility without any
apparent acceleration and climb at a 45 degree angle to the south. They also
heard a tone when they sighted the object. When traveling back down the road
[170th Street West], they saw two black vans and two black helicopters.
In the morning dawn, a pilot was flying out of Fox Field on Avenue G headed
for Merced. His flight path would take him over the Tehachapi's. When
passing over the saddle where the Anthill is located on February 23, 1991,
he observed four white rectangular objects hovering over the facility. He
described them as being four times the size of a typical highway billboard.
They were each separated by about 200 yards. Another observer, who was
called on the phone, drove his car out to the highway and observed these
same objects before they winked out! (cloaked? - Branton)
One local man who has property on 170th Street West reported seeing the
ground open up like a missile silo within the fenced parameter surrounding
the Northrop installation. He saw a flying saucer emerge from this 'silo'
and take off. He also claimed that someone from Edwards had come to talk to
him about his story and told him to shut up. I further found out that the
man's name is Chuck and he was a contractor who worked on the underground
tunnels in the Anthill facility.
He said the tunnels have round doorways
with panels that have red and green lights for ID and entry. There are no
doors covering these doorways, but some kind of field is projected from
cylinders embedded in the door wall. Tiny globes hovered in the tunnels and
followed Chuck and his crew around. He thought they were being used by the
Air Force as sensors. But where did the Air Force get the technology to
levitate these orbs?
Joe told me a lot of stories. He attended many of my
UFOrum meetings in
Lancaster. He claims to have had a close encounter and missing time when
traveling a road through the south side of Edwards AFB one night.
Joe was in
construction and held clearances for working in military operation areas. He
said that he had worked on an underground tunnel project below Haystack
Butte on the Eastern boundary of Edwards near the
NASA Rocket Test Site. He
also claimed that he saw orbs roving around these tunnels.
numbers inside a box located on a stripe that ran horizontally midway along
the tunnel walls. I asked him how far this tunnel ran below the earth's
surface. He said that he and fellow employees used to count as the elevator
descended to the tunnel level. From the count and from the elevator speed, I
estimated that the tunnel must have been around 3,000 feet deep.
One time he saw a door open to a room in one of these tunnels and he could
see a very tall alien standing next to two men in white lab coats. He
thought this alien was all of nine feet tall. He claims that he saw two
aliens inside a hangar at China Lake one day when he went back inside the
hanger after finishing his work to retrieve a tool that he had left behind.
Joe was always telling me fantastic stories, yet he seemed very sincere. I
never knew whether to believe him.
One day Joe told me about two old school buddies he had run across. They
both held jobs in underground facilities and had worked at the Anthill, he
said. They would work underground for two weeks at a stint. They lived in
condos when working underground. These condos were also built into the
underground facility. The government even picked up the tab on one guy's
One was known as a computer genius. He said that he had seen both
grey AND reptilian life forms in various underground facilities. One of the
underground projects was Project Startalk. The work involved lasers. The
informer, a guy named Paul, said that he worked in a big underground
building [350 feet across]. Project Startalk utilized a powerful laser which
strikes a mirror and is sent into space. The laser is modulated with a
signal and acts as a beacon to bring in UFOs.
Apparently, the beacon is
directed at friendly forces from other systems. He also worked at the
Douglas facility near Llano. He once saw a saucer land and go into an
underground hanger. Inside the underground building is a huge computer
complex. The workers wear white clothing and white socks [no shoes]. The
computers use an alien symbolic language. Manuals indicate codes that can be
entered. There is a large lexon plastic screen in this complex that displays
various star systems and galaxies.
A wax pencil is used to indicate targets
for the laser. The technology used is so far advanced that it is beyond
known engineering technology. The laser is also capable of INTERDIMENSIONAL
communication. (Hyperspace or subspace communication? It would HAVE to be so, since
laser-light modulated in third dimensional beams would take at least 3 years
to reach the nearest star. - Branton)
Security workers accompany all workers, even to the bathroom.
tapped, even worker's home phones. It took Paul and Gopher [the second guy]
two years to get a security clearance.
(Note: If the
Military-Industrial establishment or the 'corporate' government is involved
with the alien interaction as it would seem to be, then the electorate
government does not have entire control of the situation... those who
control these corporate structures do! Or those whose motivation is to
increase their wealth and power even if it means making "business deals"
with malevolent alien forces. Their motivation would NOT necessarily be to
govern the American citizen's nor uphold and defend the Constitution of the
United States! As they say, the lust for money is the root of ALL evil. - Branton)
Gopher also worked at the
Anthill as a computer specialist.
He has also
worked at Lockheed's Helendale facility and at the Nevada Test Site.
says that we are working with aliens and alien technology and it scares the
hell out of him. He gets paid well. He makes $145 thousand a year and the
'government' pays his alimony. He says he has also worked at SECTION D,
better known as the DULCE facility. He has seen
reptoids and Greys in these
underground facilities. He doesn't have a life of his own. He worked with
white-skinned reptoids (probably the "white draco" that
Thomas Castello spoke of - Branton).
He has also seem members of the Orange race. HE HAS NOT SEEN ANY BENEFIT TO
HUMANITY. He is trying to find out what is going to happen. He is worried
about what the future holds. He foresees an ALIEN WAR. He has a good
lifestyle underground. Besides the condo, he has swimming pools, saunas, and
a gym at his disposal. He works 14 to 16 days on a shift. He is not allowed
to leave the country and must obtain permission to leave the state. He says
the main control center in the valley is at Haystack Butte.
A tunnel runs
from Haystack Butte to the Anthill. Gopher believes there are
aliens and says he saw one once. They are from a Federation. The one he saw
was human looking, a tall blond [Nordic] that wore a white jump suit and had
a green coat over it. He believes that we are trying to enlist the aid of
such friendly beings. This is a very similar scenario to what I received in
the letter from a veteran.
My friend's stepson obtained a job in an underground facility at
He says there is a tube shuttle that runs from that underground facility to
SECTION D. He worked on Level I which RUNS UNDER MAIN STREET [in
block from the PAN AM building is the old high school, now used as an
engineering facility by HAKEN HANGAR [Originally ZIA Corp].
FACILITY IS AN ELEVATOR THAT DESCENDS TO THE COMPUTER ROOM. From the
computer room a side tunnel intersects the main tunnel transit tube that
runs from Los Alamos to Albuquerque. These levels are protected by
At deeper, more secure levels exist automatic devices that kill
intruders. A security guard accidentally tripped an alarm and was killed by
one of these. These tunnels are a minor part of a VAST network of such
tunnels. One other thing mentioned by this source is an underground city
which housed a population of thousands who occupied CONDOS. Many of these
people lived permanently underground. Some of the advanced technological
research going on involves genetic labs using laser fusion.
The budget for
the SURFACE facility [alone] is OVER A BILLION DOLLARS A YEAR, but the
underground research projects get MANY TIMES THIS AMOUNT.
(How much of this comes from
our hard-earned tax dollars? Is the America economy and our wealth literally
"going down the tubes"? - Branton)
Pam and I were introduced to an
abductee named Diane a few years ago. Diane
lives over in the Apple Valley area. She had ongoing alien encounters since
she was a child. As she grew older, she started experiencing abductions by
humans that took her to underground facilities. One of these underground
facilities she believed was located at China Lake Naval Weapons test center (just west of the Panamint Range and Death Valley -
She was taken
down to lower levels in an elevator.
Her description of this elevator
matched the description given by a man named Thomas of an elevator in use at
the Dulce facility. Thomas' description of this and other details were never
published [at the time] so that we could check out corroborating eyewitness
reports. Evidently these elevators have an unusual shape and operate on
magnetic forces in the elevator shaft rather than using cable systems to run
the elevator up and down the shaft.
Diane also reports that she was taken on
a tour of one part of the facility by a man in a white coat. He showed her
humans that had been biologically altered. These humans were housed in cages
set about a foot above the floor. She also saw altered animals. Her story
was just as bizarre as Thomas' story of Level 7 at Dulce.
The story of an underground base on the Jicarilla Apache Indian reservation
first came to light around 1980 when Albuquerque physicist Paul Bennewitz
reported the crash of an alien ship on the slopes of Archuleta Mountain.
Paul wrote a letter to Senator Pete Domenici and Paul Gilman in Washington
This letter was accompanied by a report. He said, "Atomic ship
originally outlined in my report... copy to you... several years ago had
crashed approximately two miles northwest of Dulce, NM near Archuleta Peak
on Archuleta Mesa". He believed there was a concern because gamma and
neutron radiation could be emitted from the crash site if there had been a
nuclear meltdown. Paul's THUNDER SCIENTIFIC CORPORATION manufactured various
PROJECT BETA report,
Bennewitz stated that humanoid aliens had a base
near Archuleta Mesa and that he had established direct computer
communication with aliens at the base. He did not believe the
aliens to be
trustworthy. Paul became paranoid about the government, the aliens, and
admitted abductees whom he believed were being controlled by the aliens.
a MUFON conference held in Las Vegas in 1989, featured speaker
made the statement that Paul Bennewitz was fed disinformation by
intelligence agents, that he contributed to this effort, and the WHOLE STORY
concerning the Dulce facility was constructed around these bits of
disinformation that were fed to Paul (or was it a case of "reverse
disinformation" in the same vein as "reverse psychology"? -
However, testimony from Walter Baumgartner and state police officer
Valdez indicates otherwise. According to them, they had SEEN video images of
aliens that Paul had made contact with using his special equipment
(that is, a video-radio link
utilizing a hexadecimal code with computer printout which he used to
'interrogated' the alien's collective intelligence via ship-to-base
communication frequencies - Branton).
These aliens would send messages that would output on Paul's computer
printer. Some of the sentence structure was disjointed. Were intelligence
agents taking extreme measure by hoaxing computer communications with Paul?
For what purpose? Apparently Bennewitz was using special transmitter coils
to send and receive electromagnetic signals to and from the alien base.
Then along came Thomas. Thomas E. Castello was born in Glen Ellan, Illinois
on April 23, 1941. Thomas was the man who released the Dulce papers. His
good friend, Ann West (pseudonym - true name on file.-
Branton), tells his
story -- as Thomas has not been heard from since 1991.
Thomas had a passion for antique cars, any antique car, but especially Packards, and especially the big-nosed cars of the forties and early
fifties. A lot of his spare time was spent modifying his 1949 Packard, and
he needed special parts. His friends told him about an older man in town
that had a machine shop that could rebuild antique cars. This old man was Ed
West, Ann's father. He found Ed easy to talk to, not just about cars, but
anything. The two spent endless hours discussing cars, planes, and the space
program. Tom and Ed found they were both fascinated with
After a few months, Ed introduced
Tom to "THE ORGANIZATION", a group that
did deep research on flying saucers and contactees. Tom completed INITIATION
into the group and was soon on several assignments.
At that time in 1961,
Tom was in the Air Force, stationed at Nellis AFB
[near] Las Vegas. He was schooled in photography, and had received a top
secret clearance. He was given the opportunity of receiving additional
training in Virginia. There, he had his first experience of working in an
underground base. When he left that facility, his top secret clearance was
upgraded to TS-IV.
His duties as an Air Force sergeant included photographing a runway exercise
in Florida. He would meet with Ann during his off-duty time in Orlando.
was pleased to discover that Ann drove a classic 1950 Packard straight-eight
with a beautiful swan as a hood ornament.
The next year, 1963, Ann moved to Las Vegas to be near her folks.
When she was in Florida, she had a close encounter with a glowing flying
saucer and was actually taken on board. The haunting dreams and memories of
this incident bothered Ann. Tom introduced HER to "The Organization". After
a few visits, Ann became initiated into the group and started certain
assignments. She and Tom began to collect books, articles, and magazines
about UFOs. They would spend nights doing research.
Over the years,
Tom became like a brother to Ann. His parents were killed in
a car accident so he adopted Ann's parents into his heart.
Tom stayed in high security photography for seven years, then left the Air
Force in 1971. He began working for RAND Corp. in California as a security
technician. Within a year, his clearance was upgraded to ULTRA-3.
Tom met Cathy in 1972 and got married. In November, 1974,
Cathy gave birth
to Eric Scott Castello. They moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico in 1977.
been transferred and his clearance upgraded to ULTRA-7. He found his new
position financially rewarding, but more stressful. He told Ann that he
worked in an underground facility that had incredible security, for the
His job touched on all aspects of photography from
large format cameras to mini cameras. It was his responsibility to check,
align, and calibrate all the security video cameras, from the doors to exit
tunnels. His position required that he be armed at all times. It was also
his job to escort visitors to certain areas of the base. This facility came
to be known as the Dulce Base. When Tom finally left his job, he had earned
the security rank of Major.
Tom and Cathy, and TAL and
Mary LeVesque, all lived in Santa Fe, New Mexico
in 1979 when Ann went to visit them. Tom seemed more intense than usual. He
said that he wished that he could talk to Ann about his concerns, but his
high security clearance prevented him from saying much. The day Ann left New
Mexico, Tom pressed a folded piece of paper into her hand and whispered
quietly, "don't let anyone see this."
She slipped it into her pocket. That
night, alone at a motel in Durango, she opened the paper. There were three
things on its yellow page: a sketch of an alien; an inverted triangle; and
the name Dulce. She stared at the mysterious drawing and tried to figure out
what it all meant. The alien in the drawing had a large head, big black
eyes, no nose and no hair. The triangle was shaded black. After looking at
it, she flushed the paper down the toilet. That night, she had nightmares
The next morning, over coffee, she was looking at a map for a route back to
Las Vegas when she noticed the name of a small town near the New Mexico
state line called 'Dulce.' Were there aliens in Dulce? What was
to tell her? Then she remembered where she had seen the black triangle
before. The symbol was on a hat on Tom's coffee table. It was burnt orange
with a black inverted triangle with gold bands cutting it in three sections.
is interesting that this three-level triangle is inverted, when we consider
that some 'Nordic' groups use an UPRIGHT triangle with three horizontal
lines through it as their emblem. Some 'Christian' sources have reported
'visions' of the 'New Jerusalem' city mentioned in the book of Revelation,
as being a vast city of LIGHT and of pyramidal shape and in three levels.
This 'city of light' has been reportedly observed -- using super-powerful
telescopes -- to be emerging from the 'nebula' far beyond the Orion cluster,
and it is said to be on a direct course to earth.
This is reportedly the supreme
headquarters of the angelic forces and the Triune Godhead under whom they
serve, according to these Christian sources. This description would coincide
with the Nordic emblem of an upright three-level triangle or pyramid, in
that these humanoids would no doubt be aware of this Divine center of
angelic activity IF our elite scientists are, and the fact that an INVERTED
or upside-down three-level triangle is associated with the Dulce base might
denote a direct Luciferian connection. This is especially interesting if the
reports are true which state that the Dulce base has its counterparts
the 4th and 5th densities or dimensions of that particular point in
time-space. - Branton)
She decided to drive through
Dulce looking for something suspicious, but
found nothing. She went back to Durango and drove to Cortez. She fell in
love with it, and moved to Colorado.
Early in December of that year,
Tom paid Ann a surprise visit. He told her
that he had walked out on his job some months ago after a major dispute
broke out between security workers and a military group. Tom said that the
security force used "flash guns," but the military group was armed with
(although an apparent human/alien security force may have
possessed flash guns and the military force machine guns -- this does not
necessarily mean that a weapons dispute was the SOLE 'trigger' of the
conflict - Branton).
He said it was like a war with screaming and panic in
all the tunnels. A lot of people died in the conflict. He wondered what
story the government would use to cover-up the deaths. In February, 1980,
the media reported a prison riot near Los Alamos and that many prisoners
died. Was this the cover-up?
Tom admitted that he was in trouble. He went back to the base and took
photos, papers, and other items. He had entered and left through a
ventilation shaft inside an ICE CAVE. After leaving the cave, he Returned to
a prepared box, put everything in the box, and buried it. He went back to
his car, but security was waiting for him. They questioned him about his
purpose for being there, but allowed him to leave. He was on his way to
Colorado Springs, and now he was "on the run."
He asked Ann to have faith in
him and that he was still the same man she had always known as a friend.
The next day, after he had left, three men from O.S.I. showed up and
questioned Ann about Tom's where-abouts. On four other visits in December
other men questioned her and she told them she knew nothing about where he
had gone. In January, the CIA came to her door. They insisted that she was
Ann had been in a car accident in 1978 and had recurring headaches. In
January, 1980 she checked into a hospital in Farmington, New Mexico. She
went in for an angiogram, but woke up to find that she had had a stroke. She
had to re-learn everything again. At that time the OSI and
It was June of 1982 before she heard from Thomas again. He called from her
dad's house. They talked for hours. He had been running for his life and had
been in twenty states and four countries. He showed her medical papers and
scientific diagrams, but Ann could not make sense of it all. Tom told her
that the 'government' had a treaty with an alien nation and that aliens had
been on [under] this earth for countless centuries. He showed Ann pages of
alien written material and translated papers. It was horrifying.
He told her
that Cathy and Eric had been KIDNAPPED and were being' held CAPTIVE in a
subterranean base. He needed a safe place to hide all the original papers
that he took from the Dulce Base and other things of a substantial nature to
prove the alien conspiracy. Tom and Ann buried the box of material on a
mountain. Years have changed the terrain, and Ann has not been able to
relocate the exact burial site.
Sound like a tall tale? Many think it is.
Ann had photos of Thomas and
details of his life in her files. TAL met with him once. He is a real
person. He answered some of my questions by mail. He fully believes what he
says and has answered the questions when he knows the answers. Some of this
information has been published in hopes of eliciting further witness
testimony. So far, I only know of three others who claim they have been to
this underground facility. One man is known to a friend of mine and was
trained as a nuclear physicist.
The Dulce Facility is a seven-level underground research base, run by the
D.O.E. [Dept. Of Energy] (As is the Nevada Test Site -
Branton) and connected to the
labs. Level I has garages, street maintenance equipment, photo labs, hydroponic gardens to grow fresh vegetables, fruits, legumes, etc., human
housing, a mess hall, VIP housing, a kitchen, and a security vehicles
Each of the levels has color-coded electric cars that are used for
short-distance transport. Level 6 houses the infamous "Nightmare Hall";
security arsenal; a military arsenal; military security; and a generator/impulsor.
The generator is 200 feet in diameter, and has a two-level Electromagnetic
impulse device that can create a perfect clone [duplicate or replicate] of a
Science-Fiction? Abductees have described being taken to similar facilities.
There is no proof unless someone can find the box. If it is there!
(or unless one succeeds in
discovering one of the entrances to the base, although there would no doubt
be risks if one were to attempt entrance to the base without full-scale
military backup. - Branton).
However, these stories have prompted researchers, including myself, to find
documented evidence of underground facilities, and we have found plenty.
That such an underground EMPIRE exists in almost total secrecy is absolutely
Few question its existence, its purpose, or the tremendous
expenditure of monies that must have gone into the design, construction,
maintenance, and operations of these facilities...