Who Are The Nephilim?
"...climax at the
beginning." -Arthur Custance.
Of all the imaginable phenomena on
Earth, the progeny of this union between extraterrestrials and
humans is the most bizarre. Man has paid little attention to them
until now, for the fact of their existence has been shrouded in
legend. But can they be dismissed as myth any longer? In this end
time hour many strange phenomena are occurring. Jesus said,
days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be"
It was the wickedness of humanity and the
abominable union of the supernatural with the natural that moved God
to judge the world. We are fast approaching a new period of God's
The return of these super creatures may even now be a threat
NEPHILIM: ETYMOLOGICAL EVIDENCE
Who are these beings? A clue to their identity is found in their
name--Nephilim. The word itself is Hebrew, and it is first used in
There were giants in the earth in those days: and also after that,
when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they
bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old,
men of renown.
Nephilim is translated "giants" in the Authorized King James
Version, but "giants" is in no way a complete description.
Commentators like Lange trace the word "Nephilim" to the root "Niphal"
meaning "distinguished ones." This corresponds perfectly with the
"men of renown" at the end of Genesis 6:4, nevertheless it is not a
generally accepted translation.
Others have sought the root of the word in the Hebrew consonants "npl"
as found in Psalm 58:8. Here it means "miscarriage." Accepting this
theory, the Nephilim would be those superhuman beings that resulted
from miscarriages. Genesis Rabbah (26:7) seems to confirm this
translation when it states:
Nephilim denotes that they hurled
the word down, themselves fell (naflu) from the world, and
filled the world with abortions (nephilim) through their
Most scholars, however, reject both
these interpretations and trace the word "Nephilim" to the Hebrew
root "Naphal" meaning "to fall." The
Nephilim are the "fallen ones."
A direct reference to the fallen angels who sired them. Some writers
such as Ben Adam believe the word "Nephilim" refers to the fallen
angels themselves and not to their offspring.
Because of some uncertainty in the translation of the Hebrew word,
more and more Bible versions are now leaving the original word
Thus the New International Version renders the
passage: "The Nephilim were on the earth in those days..." (Genesis
This also does justice to the fact that the definite article
precedes the word in the original. "The Nephilim were on the
The same definite article is also found in the other
biblical passage where the word "Nephilim" occurs, namely, Numbers
13:33. "We saw the Nephilim there..."
Interpreting the Nephilim as "the fallen ones" dismisses the
suggestion of one modern author that belief in the Nephilim could
lead to racism. He fears that people would boast of having celestial
blood in their veins and consider themselves superior to those of
ordinary, human ancestry. To claim descent from stellar explorers
could lead to a class distinction surpassing anything ever seen in
society, but he need have no such qualms! If the Nephilim are
stellar, they are also infernal. To claim descent from such beings
would be to admit an ancestry from Hell.
Although there is no etymological evidence to justify "giants" as an
accurate translation for "Nephilim," such a translation is not
In more senses than one,
Nephilim were giants.
For one thing, they were giants in size and strength. Much
documentation of the exceptional physical stature and super- human
strength of the Nephilim exists, and this is not in the least
surprising, knowing that they were "fathered" by angels. Angels as
already stated, do "excel in strength" (Psalm 103:20). They are
greater "in power and might" than men of earth (2 Peter 2:1 1).
What applies to holy angels, applies equally to rebellious angels.
Their moral fall does not seem to have reduced their physical
prowess. The Book of Enoch states that their "height was like the
tallness of cedars and whose bodies were like mountains."
A modern author describes them in the following terms:
Perverted power and strength are
(thus) conspicuous attributes of fallen angels. This titanic
energy is displayed in the supernatural strength demons can
impart to the human body when they enter it and possess it. (2)
The New Testament supplies many such
examples. One of the most noted is that of the Gadarene demoniac,
who by his super-human strength could snap fetters and break chains.
Roman Catholic Church confirms this attribute of
when it demands the presence of super-human strength before it will
diagnose a person as being demon-possessed.
Actually a person under investigation must reveal the presence of
three phenomena before the Roman Catholic Church will categorize him
First, he must be able to speak in a language
unknown to him.
Second, he must have knowledge of secret facts,
previously unknown to him.
Third, he must possess unnatural strength
beyond his age and ability. (3)
Dr. Kurt Koch, from his vast experience and extensive research into
occultism, has discovered that even children or delicately built
women can offer effective resistance to three or four strong men
when demon possessed. (4)
Similarly, Professor Oesterreich cites a number of examples from his
research, demonstrating the same super-human strength in
demon-possessed people. One example he gives is of a ten-year- old
boy who could be scarcely held down by three adults. Another is of a
young girl who could barely be controlled by two men. (5)
In a similar vein, Robert Pearson wrote from Borneo in 1967
concerning the Dyak uprising:
Evidences of demonic power were
witnessed at Andjungan. Dyaks used their fists and feet to break
display cases with glass flying all over the place. Some
actually danced on it with bare feet but no one was injured. One
missionary watched Dyaks step into pans of acid used to
coagulate rubber. Undiluted, this acid can normally burn the
flesh to the bone, but these men were unharmed. Others struck
locked and barred doors with their bare hands, breaking them
down so easily as if they had been rammed by a truck...These
things are hard to understand, but we know that Satan is
powerful and...able to endow men with his power when it suits
his purpose. (6)
John Wesley in his journal entry for May
2, 1739, writes of a certain John Haydon, a respectable person,
present in one of his meetings, and who,
"fell off his chair and
began screaming terribly and beating himself against the ground
...Two or three men were holding him as well as they could. The man
then roared out, "O thou devil! thou cursed devil! Yea, thou legion
of devils! thou canst not stay! Christ will cast thee out!"'
Fortunately, after prayer, Wesley reports that "both his body and
soul were set at liberty."
These and countless similar examples are reminiscent of what
happened to the seven sons of Sceva in Acts 19. A demonized man
out-numbered seven to one, was able to overcome all seven by a
phenomenal show of strength.
The Bible states that they were
fortunate to escape from the house naked and wounded.
In Genesis 6, where the word "Nephilim" is first used, we are told
that the Nephilim appeared on the Earth just before the Flood, and
that their appearance was the main reason for the Flood.
followed another incursion of these fallen angels at a later date.
We read in Genesis 6: "The Nephilim were on the earth in those days
and also afterward..." (N.I.V.).
This data is found in Numbers
13:33: "We saw the Nephilim there (the descendants of Anak come from
the Nephilim)" (N.I.V.).
This second eruption was probably on a more limited and restricted
scale than the first. Nevertheless, God ordered their complete
One has often wondered at the severe an extreme measures that God
asked Joshua to put into effect once he entered the land of Canaan.
God commanded him to "utterly destroy them." We have found it
difficult to reconcile this with the character of God. One can only
surmise that God had a special reason to issue such a command. Could
it be that God knew the heritage of these Nephilim?
God was aware that the Canaanites and their neighbors manifested the
whole gamut of demonical practices, and that they were a threat to
the character and destiny of His chosen people, who were entering
the land at that time. This is why He warned the Israelites not to
imitate the occult practices of these people whom they dispossessed.
With the same unmatched anger that He had displayed in Genesis 6,
God orders the complete extermination of the inhabitants of Canaan.
"But thou shalt utterly destroy
them; namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites,
and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the Lord
thy God hath commanded thee" (Deuteronomy 20:17).
However, Israel, as so often in her
history, failed to obey God, and there is reason to believe that
some of the Nephilim survived (Joshua 13:13, 16:1 0; Judges
The progeny of these Nephilim went under various names. We read of,
the Anakim, descended from Anak (Numbers 13:28)
descended from Rapha
the Zamzummims, the
Emims, the Avims, etc.
shared the characteristics of being huge, tall and strong. Rabbi Bahya ben Asher, a Spanish Cabalist, claimed the Nephilim were heads
of the family called "sons of God." They were so called because
terror fell on those who saw them. As the virility of the stock
declined, they were called Anakim and later Rephaim.
(7) Here is an
Old Testament description of the Emim:
"The Emim dwelt therein in times
past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakim; which
also were accounted giants, as the Anakim; but the Moabites
called them Emims. (Deuteronomy 2:10, 11)."
These men were such giants that the
Israelite spies who went in to reconnoiter the land, cowered before
"And there we saw the giants,
sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own
sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight." (Numbers
Flavius Josephus, the noted Jewish
historian of the first century A.D., described these giants as
having "bodies so large and countenances so entirely different from
other men that they were surprising to the sight and terrible to the
hearing." (8) And he adds that in his day, the bones of the giants
were still on display!
Deuteronomy 3:11 describes one of these giants in more detail:
"For only Og king of Bashan remained
of the remnant of giants: behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of
iron; is it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? Nine cubits
was the length thereof and four cubits the breadth of it, after
the cubit of a man."
A super king-sized bed! In modem
measurements it was 18 feet, 6 inches long, and 8 feet, 4 inches
Some of these giants carried spears that weighed from ten to
twenty-five pounds. One carried a spear whose staff was "like a
weaver's beam" (II Samuel 21:19). Goliath wore a coat of armor that
weighed 196 pounds, and he was said to be about nine feet tall.
of these giants had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each
FROM OUTSIDE THE MIDDLE EAST
These giants were not confined to the Middle East. Two dozen human
footprints of abnormal size have been found in the Paluxi riverbed,
Texas, some of them measuring eighteen inches long. Other giant
markings have been discovered in such diverse places as Colorado,
New Mexico, Arizona and California.
In the Mt. Vernon area of Ohio,
Dr. Wilbur G. Burroughs of the Geological Division of the Berea
College, Kentucky, reported finds of human foot prints 23.75 cm.
long and 10.25 wide! Near Antelope Springs, Utah, William Meister
discovered in 1968 two human footprints 32.5 cm. long and 11.25
Similar giant footprints have been discovered in other countries
especially in the Mt. Victoria region of Australia.
Not only do we have footprints of giants but actual skeletons as
well. In 1936 Larson Kohl, the German paleontologist and
anthropologist, found the bones of gigantic men on the shore of Lake Elyasi in Central Africa. Other giant skeletons were later found in
Hava, the Transvaal and China. The evidence for the existence of
giants is incontrovertible.
"A scientifically assured fact," says
Dr. Louis Burkhalter. (9)
The Nephilim also were giants in knowledge. According to the
Enoch, God was incensed against the fallen angels partly because
they disclosed certain classified information to humans. The ancient
world associated demons with special esoteric knowledge and with
superior intelligence. The word "demon" in Greek (daimon) comes from
the root meaning "knowledge" or "intelligence."
The Scriptures also
testify to the fact that demons have access to knowledge and
information denied to ordinary mortals. We read in the Gospels how
they recognized and acknowledged the deity of Christ when humans
seemed totally blind to the fact.
When the Gaderene demoniac saw
Jesus, he fell down before him, and cried out,
"What have I to do with thee,
thou Son of God most high?" (Luke 8:28).
These demons recognized Jesus at the
beginning of His ministry, way ahead of His own disciples.
In the Book of Acts, with the same supernatural knowledge, demons
recognized the mission and message of the Apostle Paul. The
possessed damsel at Philippi cried,
"These men are the servants of
the most high God, which shew unto us the way of salvation" (Acts
This happened at a time when the people of Philippi had no
idea who Paul was, nor did they know the nature of his mission. We
cannot but note that every recorded statement made by demons in the
New Testament concerning Christ or Paul was one-hundred percent
Clement of Alexandria suggested an interesting reason for this
superior knowledge of demons:
It is evident, since they are
demoniac spirits, that they know some things more quickly and
more perfectly than men, for they are not retarded in learning
by the heaviness of a body.
Examples of this trait in demons is
supplied by various missionary organizations. They tell us how
people possessed by evil spirits acquire superior knowledge, far
above that of their brethren. In an editorial in Christian Life
Magazine we find these words concerning the murder of five young
American missionaries in the jungles of Ecuador in 1956:
"Indians at Arajuno mission base
knew in a few hours what had happened when five missionaries
deep in Ecuador's Auca territory in 1956 failed to make radio
contact with anxiously waiting fellow missionaries. How? They
asked a local witch doctor. He obliged by falling into a trance,
calling up his favorite demons and asking them to tell him where
the missing missionaries were. According to the friendly
Indians, they heard demons leave the scene and, in a short time,
returned with the message that the missionaries were in the
Curaray River with Auca lances in them."
John L. Nevius, a medical missionary in
China at the end of the last century gathered a significant
compendium of data on this subject. After sending a detailed
questionnaire to Protestant missionaries all over China, he gleaned
a vast amount of information about the symptoms of demonism.
characteristic he found again and again was the prevalence of
superior knowledge and intelligence in the possessed person--even on
subject matters of which the person had no prior knowledge.
PROGRAMMED FROM SPACE
This may well supply the key to the great knowledge and expertise
that characterized certain men in ancient times. As already seen,
such knowledge and expertise by "primitive" men continue to defy
explanation. P.J. Wiseman admits to this mysterious factor:
It was expected that the more
ancient the period, the more primitive would excavators find it
to be, until traces of civilization ceased altogether and
aboriginal man appeared. Neither in Babylonia, nor Egypt, the
land of the oldest known habitations of man, has this been the
Arthur Custance pertinently states this
strange sequence right at the beginning of human history:
"...an unbelievably long time with
almost no growth; a sudden spurt leading within a very few
centuries to a remarkably high culture; a gradual slowing up,
and decay, followed only much later by recovery of lost arts and
by development of new ones leading ultimately to the creation of
our modern world. What was the agency which operated for that
short period of time to so greatly accelerate the process of
cultural development and produce such remarkable results?"
Could this agency be the Nephilim? Could
this expertise have been imparted by beings from outer space? And
could this explain the mysteries surrounding Stonehenge, the Mayan
Caracol, Tiahuanaco, the Bay of Pisco, and particularly the Great
Pyramid? Did the knowledge necessary to construct these monolithic
structures come from the Nephilim? Were they the ones responsible
for what Custance calls the "climax at the beginning"?
As for the Great Pyramid, many scientists suggest a date back in the
generations preceding the Flood. If so, those happen to be the very
times of the Nephilim, the generations of the "giants" and of the
"men of renown." But what if it could be proven that the Great
Pyramid was not built until after the Flood? There is still no
Could not Noah and his family have carried this information with
them into the Ark, and transmitted it later to their descendants?
According to the Babylonian version of the Flood, the "Chaldean"
Noah was made to bury his books before the Flood, and then disentomb
them after emerging from the Ark.
But there is still another
possibility: Could this knowledge have come from the second eruption
of the Nephilim, which occurred after the Flood?
If we go further back, could one find a linkage between this
esoteric knowledge and the "tree of knowledge" found in the Garden
of Eden? We know that this was the one tree whose fruit Adam and Eve
were forbidden to eat, or even touch (Genesis 2:17, 3:3). Why was
this tree so named?
Few commentators have shed any light on its
meaning. Many dismiss the account as mere symbolism, without even
telling us what the symbolism is supposed to represent. Others look
upon the passage as poetry, conveniently forgetting poetry is often
the truest history. It not only relates facts but interprets them as
well. Poetry has been described as "history written from the inside
rather than from the outside, and therefore incomparably truer.
Or in the words of British author Graham Green, "Poetry is the
photography of the invisible."
Supposing we applied this principle to the "tree of knowledge." If
it is a symbol, then obviously it must be a symbol of something. Or
if poetry, then it must convey some inner truth. But why should one
speculate and search for cryptic meanings when the truth may well be
on the surface. Obviously, the "tree of knowledge" must have
something to do with knowledge, or why should it be so named? It
undoubtedly contained the key to certain divinely classified
material that God did not want early man to possess. But somehow,
and it could well be by means of the Nephilim, early man did come to
possess that knowledge--at least a part of it.
This was knowledge that primitive man could never have discovered on
his own. Indeed, it was knowledge beyond the capacity of modern man!
Kelly Segraves reminds us:
"With all our intelligences, we
cannot figure out how pyramids were constructed."
We ask again, could this intelligence
have been transmitted by the "sons of God"?
Egypt is not the only country that has pyramids. A whole network of
them can be found around the planet--in Cambodia, Shen Shi, China,
Thailand, Mexico, Nazca, Yucatan, Alaska... How does one account for
such advanced scientific technology, on such a universal scale, and
in such prehistoric times?
Could the answer be man's longevity at that time? The average age
span before the Flood was close to nine hundred years-- thirteen
times the proverbial "three score and ten." This, of course,
provided exceptional opportunity for learning, research,
experimentation and the accumulation of knowledge. If only
modern-day scientists could live that long! But longevity alone
could never account for the specialized knowledge that our
forefathers possessed. Their awesome expertise indicates a source
outside of themselves. No other viable explanation can be offered
except that mankind was preprogrammed from the depths of space.
The Bible not only supplies the key to the source of this knowledge,
but to the way it was transmitted--space-beings called
"fallen-angels." As we have seen, such extraterrestrials possess
superior knowledge. This they transmitted to man in direct
contradiction to God's wishes.
Satan, the leader of fallen angels, is himself a creature of rare
brilliance and inimitable genius. The Latin translation of his name,
"Lucifer" (from the Hebrew "Helel"), comes from a root meaning
"brilliance" or "magnificence." This is a trait he shares with his
cohorts. He and they have access to classified, divine information,
and are cognizant of hidden things (See Acts 16:16, 17).
to Professor C. S. Dickerson,
"The source of their knowledge is
found in their superior created nature and in their vast
experience, as they lived through many thousands of years
observing and collecting information."
John L. Nevius, after surveying demon
possession in China, documents the amazing knowledge revealed by the
"Many persons while demon possessed
give evidence of knowledge which cannot be accounted for in
ordinary ways. They often appear to know of the Lord Jesus
as a divine person and show an aversion to, and a fear of Him.
They sometimes converse in foreign languages of which in their
normal states they are entirely ignorant."
Barney Hill of New Hampshire, while returning home from a
vacation in Canada in 1961, spotted a flying saucer and pulled off
the road to watch it land. The engine of their car went dead, but
they have no recollection of what happened after that. The next
thing they remembered was being close to home... sixty miles south!
After this bizarre experience, they suffered from nightmares,
anxiety syndromes and ulcers. They finally consulted a psychiatrist,
the noted Dr. Benjamin Simon of Boston.
By the use of hypnosis, he
was able to induce from them--quite independently of each other--the
story of those missing hours. Both told the same story. Taken aboard
the flying saucer, they underwent physical examination by the
humanoid occupants. Tape recordings were made of their story (given
under hypnosis), and a book was published. Later, an NBC television
movie was made of the event.
Stanton T. Friedman, a nuclear physicist, studied these reports and
was greatly impressed. But what finally convinced him was the map
drawn in 1964 by Betty Hill of a star system unknown to science at
the time. Betty claimed that she had been shown this map aboard the
UFO, and revealed the details of it under hypnosis. The astronomers
who examined the map at that time, dismissed it. But since 1964 new
evidence has appeared on the subject--star systems that were
invisible in 1964 have now been discovered. And an amazing fact has
come to light.
Dr. Friedman explains:
"Using these new data, a computer
came up with a
map of the Zeta Reticuli system--faint
stars 220 trillion miles away - which astronomers agree matches
Mrs. Hill's precisely." (17)
Giants in wickedness is another distinction of the Nephilim. Sired
by demonic beings, their character and activity certainly reveal the
nature of the "fallen ones."
Many of the legends surrounding the cross breeding between the
natural and the supernatural depict subhuman behavior. To the last
one, the semi-gods of mythology--Zeus (the Roman Jupiter), Poseidon
(Neptune), Eros (Cupid), Hermes (Mercury)--were violent,
lustful and promiscuous beyond restraint. They constantly engaged in
sex orgies and seduction, and produced the strangest of offspring.
Emil Gaverluk tells of Zeus:
"He disregarded marriage laws and
engaged in love affairs with members of both sexes. Zeus married
Hera, his sister. One of the loves of Zeus was Europa. He
seduced her by becoming a bull and carrying her away. Another
was Leda, daughter of Thestios, King of Aetolia and the wife of
Tyndereus, King of Sparta. But this did not stop Zeus...Athene
was the daughter of Metis by Zeus. Metis tried to evade him. He
seduced her. She warned him that if he did this again and the
child was a male, that child would depose and conquer him. Zeus
didn't like the sound of this and took no chances. He swallowed
the child whole. Zeus' amorous victories illustrate the actions
of uncontrolled spirit-beings lusting after human flesh."
This is only one example from Greek
mythology of the evil associations between spirit-entities from
space and human beings from Earth. But it was not only the
spirit-beings who acted this way; they seem to have passed on the
trait to their descendants.
The Nephilim, in this respect more than in anything else, were close
imitators of their fathers. They reflected the works of their demon
ancestry. And just as there are degrees of goodness among the
saints, so there are degrees of evil among the demons. Evidence of
this is recorded in Matthew 12:43-45. It tells of the unclean spirit
returning to occupy the house from which he had been displaced, and
returns with "seven other spirits more wicked than himself."
Irrespective of the degree of evil, all demons are regarded by God
as vile and depraved. A recurring biblical adjective is "unclean"
(Matthew 10:1, Mark 1:27, 3:11). These spirits are both morally and
spiritually unclean, and the same distinctive applies to their
progeny on Earth. What is more, those who traffic with such beings,
frequently end up like them. Indeed such is the degree of their
degradation that the Lord abandons them to their own depravity.
Romans 1:24-32 graphically states that "God gave them up." The
depths of their degradation and the infamy of their immoralities,
puts them on a level lower than animals. Abandoned by God to the
consequences of their wickedness, and deranged by demonic
harassment, people have been driven to insane asylums and even to
Is it any wonder when incorrigible spirit-beings and rebellious
humans cooperated to pollute Earth, to seek genetic control and
produce hybrids that threatened the race itself, and even tried to
thwart the very plan of God, that God should intervene
in a judgment terrible to behold? (19)
The Nephilim were giants in pride also. Lord Acton claimed that
power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. So does
knowledge. With their superior intelligence and knowledge, the Nephilim soon succumbed to the sin that became the downfall of
Lucifer--pride (1 Timothy 3:6). Like Lucifer, his followers also
dreamed of being gods, desiring to control and rule the Earth. Their
advanced knowledge was the desired diet for their egoism. Such
knowledge wedded to an already arrogant nature led to
They craved divine honors and religious worship.
This was the ambition of Lucifer, of the Nephilim, and of every
fallen creature. They were propelled in all that they did by
self-will, self-determination, self-glorification, and ultimately
self-deification. No wonder Josephus refers to the Nephilim as "sons
who were overbearing and disdainful of every virtue."
Man's fascination with the occult and otherworld phenomena is
amazingly significant today. At no other time has he been more
conditioned to accept the possibility of extraterrestrial life.
Having once escaped his Mother Earth, man now strains at his
celestial tether, wondering what or who lies beyond the final
frontier. With this starward look, the stage could be set for the
coming of the unwelcome guests from space.
The "days of Noah" are
again here; perhaps even now agents from another realm are plotting
the return of the Nephilim.
1. Tr. I. Epstein 1.218.
2. Merill Unger, Demons in the World Today (Wheaton:
Tyndale House, 1971), p. 26.
3. Quoted by F. Seth Dryness, Jr., The Journal of
Christian Reconstruction, Vol. 1, No. 2, Winter 1974, p. 51.
4. Kurt Koch, Christian Counseling and Occultism
(Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1973).
5. Ibid., p. 22.
6. Robert Pearson, Storm Over Borneo, (Overseas
Missionary Fellowship, 1967).
7. Rabbi Bahya ben Asher., Biur al ha Toral (Venice,
1566), p. 179.
The Work of Flavius Josephus;
Antiquities of the Jews (London: G. G. Rutledge), 1.3.1.,
9. Revue du Musee de Beyrouth.
10. P.J. Wiseman, New Discoveries in Babylon about
Genesis (London: Marshall, Morgan and Scott, 2nd edition),
11. Arthur C. Custance, Genesis and Early Man (Grand
Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House 1975), p. 103.
12. Ibid., pp. 81ff.
13. J. Cynddylan Jones, Primeval Revelation (London:
Hodder & Stoughton, 1897), pp. 206-7.
14. Kelly Segraves, The Great Flying Saucer Myth (San
Diego: Beta Books, 1975), p. 52.
15. C. S. Dickerson, Angels Elect and Evil (Chicago:
Moody Press, 1975), p. 165.
16. John L. Nevius, Demon Possession and Allied
Themes (Old Tappan, New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell, 1894), p.
17. Stanton T. Friedman, UFOs A Complete Nightmare
(Dick Adler, Los Angeles Times, October 20,1975), p. 14.
18. Emil Gaverluk, Did Genesis Man Conquer Space?
(Nashville: Thomas Nelson, Inc., 1974), pp. 88-89.
19. C. S. Dickerson, Angels Elect and Evil (Chicago:
Moody Press, 1975), pp. 170-174.