Chapter III - The Atmosphere

While it is not generally appreciated to be so, the fact remains that our atmosphere is very highly specialized.

 

It is only during recent years, since the advent of radio, that the essence in which the popular atmosphere floats has been recognized as playing a most important part in the earth's welfare; and, further, it is not yet appreciated that the essence in which the atmosphere floats is an essence totally different to that which fills space.

 

The essence in which the atmospheric particles float is under direct control of the central magnet, while that which fills space is in no way affected by the central magnet, as the magnet has no power over it whatever.

Although our scientists have never appreciated the foregoing facts, they were perfectly well known and understood by the scientists of the earth's first great civilization more than 50,000 years ago.

 

They laid great stress upon it in their writings.

 

 

Our scientists assume that that which fills space, and that in which our popular atmosphere floats, is one and the same thing. It is not, as shown in the sacred inspired writings of the Motherland.


The ancients called that in which our atmosphere floats "the essence" and that which fills space they called "the water." In the ancient writings it is repeatedly pointed out that the light force is carried in the essence, and not in the particles of our popular atmosphere.


In the ancient writings the symbol for that which fills space was a series of fine horizontal lines, Fig. 1, which they wrote "water." The earthly water symbol was a serpent in motion, like the swells of an ocean, generally written as a series of wavy horizontal lines, Fig. 2. Why in ancient writings of 3000 or 4000 years ago call Fig. 1 "water"?


I think the symbol answers the question.

 

The translators of the sacred writings could find no name corresponding with the original, to give to the plain horizontal lines, but the horizontal wavy lines were well known to them, so they differentiated between the two by calling one the "water" and the other "the waters." I have never found a word giving the name used by the ancients, only the symbol; but, their writings distinctly tell us that it is that which fills space. Not once but dozens of times.


In many of the vignettes of the sacred inspired writings is unquestionably shown what the fine straight horizontal lines symbolize.

 

As an instance, when the Creator is spoken of as having existed in space, a vignette accompanying the writing shows the seven-headed serpent moving along through fine horizontal straight lines within a circle. Fig. 4.

 


LIGHTNING

Lightning is the result of an accumulation and a concentration of a volume of the electro-magnetic division of the earth's primary force at some point or area in the atmosphere, - a volume over and above what the atmosphere can hold and carry in suspension.

 

This accumulation is passing on its way to some other area in the atmosphere, or is returning to earth - nature's storehouse for it.

Lightning is a compound force, including most if not all of the forces composing the electromagnetic division of the earth's primary force. The presence of lightning is revealed to us by a vivid incandescence in the atmosphere in the form of streaks popularly called "flashes of lightning."


This incandescence is not the force itself, but the superheated atmosphere along the line of its course. The accumulation may be of spherical form, or the form of a stream. Which it is, I have been unable to determine.


I have tried to measure the temperature of lightning, but have gained no satisfactory results.


An interesting point about lightning is that the flashes appear to be subject to variation in temperature dependent on in what direction the force runs. The flashes which run parallel to the surface of the earth or with an upward tendency appear to have the lowest temperatures. Those taking a downward course, making directly for the earth, have the highest temperature. This may possibly be due to the comparative density of the atmosphere.


I am giving two pictures of lightning flashes. One where the force is returning directly to the earth, A, and the other where the force is equalizing in the atmosphere and does not return to earth, B.

 

Picture A

 

Picture B


Picture A represents what is popularly called "fork lightning."

 

The force is returning to earth from the point of concentration. During its passage through the lower areas of the atmosphere, portions of the bolt detached themselves. These portions show themselves in the photograph as rootlets running from the descending bolt. These parts are leaving the parent bolt to equalize in the atmosphere.

 

The bolt is passing through an area which is slightly below in its holding capacity: these additions will bring this area of atmosphere up to its full holding capacity and equal with the surrounding areas.


The fact that these little streams of the force are leaving the mother bolt, shows in itself that the atmosphere in this area was below normal. After the atmosphere along the course of the bolt has been fully charged, the balance enters its storehouse^ - the earth, and there becomes dispersed.


In some areas, as will be seen in the picture, some large branches leave the mother bolt, indicating that where these branches shoot out, the atmosphere is exceedingly tow in force. If a human being were placed in one of these denuded areas, virtual pockets, he would experience great difficulty in breathing and in his heart action, followed by numbness, and if the pocket were a large one he might even become unconscious of his surroundings.

 

The cause would be the absence of the life force, the power that works his material machinery. There is a close relationship between lightning and the life force, because the life force is one of the compounds that enter into the makeup of lightning.


Picture B. This is an illustration of a flash of lightning running horizontally across the heavens.


This picture is copied from a photograph of an actual flash of lightning. The bolt started in the north and coursed along in a southerly direction. It was the most beautiful and awe-inspiring sight I have ever looked upon. The photo docs not show its full length and fails utterly in disclosing its magnificence.


As the bolt passes on, innumerable branches and rootlets leave the mother bolt. These continue to leave the bolt until the bolt is entirely dissipated.


Here the forces are shown passing from a super-charged area to a practically denuded one. By drawing the surplus forces from an overcharged area into the undercharged one, the forces become equalized in both areas.


Except in violent storms, when the forces equalize in the atmosphere it takes the form of what is popularly called "summer lightning" and sometimes "sheet lightning." These apparent sheets are made up of infinitesimally small bolts or streams, each one independent of each other. In this sheet form only exceedingly small vacuums are formed, so small that to the ear no sounds of thunder accompany it.


For many years I have known that equalizing of the earth's primary force went on in the atmosphere, and that its final working was in the form of minute flashings from one atmospheric particle to another, and from one minute area to another.


The major form of equalization, lightning, could be seen by its effect on the atmosphere. When, however, it came to the final interchanging, the flashings are so minute they cannot be detected either by the eye or photography. These flashings and equalization have been proven by the radio.


At times, harsh, crazy, squeaky sounds break in upon an opera star, or some very interesting lecturer. These sounds are of various degrees in intensity, sometimes drowning everything else. Radio fans now say "the static is interfering." As a matter of fact, they mean to express the exact opposite, - they mean "the static is being interfered with." Static means at rest.

 

The crazy sounds are the result of unrest, therefore kinetic.


These sounds from the radio, whether they are mere screenings or of ear-splitting intensity, are caused by movements of the earth's primary force in the atmosphere. Radio waves from the microphone to the receiver are formed in the essence, not in the popular atmosphere. The form of equalization of the force is by small streams or bolts.

 

One particle of atmosphere holds much more force than the next one; the force in the overcharged one divides itself and a part leaves and jumps into the undercharged particle, thus equalizing the two.


But this little bolt has to cross a channel of essence in jumping from one atmospheric particle to another. Through this essence channel a radio wave is running; the bolt cuts through it and for a period of time less than a second breaks the wave. It is the breaking of the radio wave and the passage of the little bolt through the essence that produces the crazy sounds emitted by the radio.


The intensity of the crazy sounds is governed by the size of the bolt, the minimum being two particles of the atmosphere equalizing, and the maximum being an area. The intensity of the crash is governed by the size of the area, the greater the area involved the more intense will be the disturbance.


It is a well-known phenomenon among radio fans that greater distinctness and clearness of sound, with less atmospheric disturbance, is experienced at night and during winter months than during the hours of sunlight and summer months. This is a natural phenomenon. At night the sun's forces are not drawing the earth's forces from her body out into the atmosphere, there to be equalized.

 

The only equalization going on at night is what has been incompleted during the day.

 

There is no fresh supply drawn out during the night.


The same rule applies to summer and winter.

 


LIGHT

Before commencing to discuss the subject of light, let us first see what our prehistoric forefathers wrote about it.

 

The Sacred, Inspired Writings of Mu
Section: The Creation.
Sub-section: The Third Command.

"Let the outside gases be separated and let them form the atmosphere and the waters. And the gases were separated: one part went to form the waters, and the waters settled upon the face of the earth, and covered it, so that no land appeared anywhere. The gases that did not form the waters formed the atmosphere, and:


"The Light was contained in the atmosphere,


"And the shafts of the sun met the shafts of the earth in the atmosphere and gave it life. Then there was light upon the face of the earth."

Aitareya A'ram'ya. An ancient Hindu book. Slokas 4-8.

"The atmosphere that contains the light."

Rig Veda. An ancient Hindu book. Pages 3-4.

"He who measures out the light in the air."

 

The Nahuatl.

From a Yucatan manuscript.

"When One-yocax, the Creator who dwells in Himself, thought the time had come when all things should be created, He arose, and from His hands resplendent with light, He darted four arrows (the four great primary forces) which struck and put into motion the four elements that float in the atmosphere. The particles on being hit by the divine arrows became animated... Then appeared the first rays of the rising sun, which brought life and joy throughout nature.



Light, heat and rays are so closely allied and intermingled that it becomes a difficult matter to speak of one without including the others. Light is a force. Heat is a force. But rays are not forces. They are the carriers of forces.
 



Light is an earthly force, a sub-division of the electro-magnetic division of the earth's primary force. The light force forms its waves in the essence in which the popular atmosphere floats.


When certain of the sun's affinitive forces which are carried in the light rays strike the earth's light force, which is held in suspension in the earth's atmospheric essence, it sets the earth's light force into movement, giving it life, as stated by the ancients. The movement of the force takes the form of waves. Each wave is made up of innumerable infinitesimally small sparks or flashes of the force.


Light travels through our atmosphere at the rate of 186,000 miles per second. Waves formed in the popular or analyzable part of our atmosphere are far too heavy and ponderous to travel at the rate of light, but the essence is so thin that this velocity is obtainable in it by the light force.

 

At what rate the forces from the sun and other distant bodies pass through space, filled with an essence much thinner than that in which our atmosphere floats, I cannot say. Our distant stars are measured by light time calculated at 186,000 miles per second. How fast do the light forces travel through thin space? Much faster than here on earth without question.

 

Therefore, it seems to me, the accepted distances of our distant suns are open for revision.


Between the sun's atmosphere and the earth's atmosphere the sun's rays are not seen. The space is a total darkness because there is no elementary matter in space to hold a light force in suspension. So the case stands: the male travels, the female waits. When they meet light results. One without the other is incapable of producing light.


That rays are not lost in space, although they pass through darkness and are not seen, is shown by the sun's rays coming into evidence again when they reach our atmosphere. This fact in turn is another proof that light is an earthly force: because, if it came from the sun, it would be seen all through space from the sun to the earth. It also proves that the essence of our atmosphere is elementary, although we cannot analyze it.


It also proves that that which fills space is not elementary, or if it is, the earth's light force cannot be carried by it, neither our sun's or any other great sun's.
The eye can be excited in various ways so as to produce sight. It may be excited by the rude mechanical action of a blow. To produce vision, however, the eye must receive something coming from without.

 

What is this something?

 

In some way luminous bodies have the power of producing light.

 

I have used the term "luminous bodies" because I think it will be better understood by the layman who has not studied this particular branch of science. As a matter of fact, however, no body is luminous. The body emits a parent ray which is dark and invisible, and leaves the body unseen. This ray is a compound ray of many colors.

 

At a certain distance from the body, this dark invisible ray filters out the light rays which are apparent to vision.

 

Thus between the light visible incandescent rays and the body emitting the rays, there is a dark space, which veils the body from sight, so that the body, not being seen, shows that it is not incandescent. In addition to the light rays, which become visible after they are filtered out from the parent ray, there remain ten times as many rays, which are not visible because they are ultra and intense "extremes."


Some time ago I came across a writing by a scientist stating that the flame of an electric light is composed of oxygen and hydrogen. This is not so. An electric light has no flame. That which appears to this scientist to be flames are rays only, about one-tenth of which sets the light force in the essence in motion, forming waves and producing the phenomenon of light.


Oxygen increases combustion. Combustion is flame when not smothered. If an electric bulb is broken at the time it is giving light, if it was emitting flames coming in contact with the atmosphere containing oxygen, the flames should materially increase.

 

But do they? No! Directly the glass is broken the rays and so-called flames disappear, thus clearly proving that the electric light has no flame but rays only.


I will give two illustrations of parent rays being filtered in connection with combustion.
 


 

In both of these cases the parent ray assumes the form of an are, around the point of the gas jet, and around the wick of the candle.

 

Beyond the dark ray are the visible rays, flame. The distance from the body where the parent ray commences to the point where it filters out the light rays, is subject to great variation in different bodies. In some cases it is almost infinitesimal ; in others, such as the illustrations shown, they are even measurable with the naked eye.


The parent ray commences to divide directly it comes into contact with the atmosphere, preparatory to the actual filtering out. It is very generally believed that light depends on heat, and that, in some manner, light and heat are one and the same thing. I shall hereafter conclusively show by experiments that: The light force does not contain one particle of heat, and that the heat force does not contain one particle of light.


I shall now take the human eye to show what vision is and how it is accomplished.

 

I shall not attempt to give any details about the eye beyond what is necessary to show the parts of its machinery, so that the machine can be operated by the light force.
 

 

The optician informs us that there is a nerve in the eye especially devoted to the purposes of vision called the optic nerve.

 

This nerve emanates from the brain and passes from the brain to the back of the eye. There it divides into fine filaments, which are woven together into a kind of screen called the retina. The retina in front is covered by a movable shade which is called the iris. The iris is the colored part of the eye, such as blue, brown, and grey.

 

In the center of this colored movable shade there is a small black spot, which is called the pupil.


The size of the pupil is the exposed area of the retina. The movements of the colored shade or iris are involuntary, over which no being has any control. It expands and contracts with the intensity of light. With the aid of the accompanying cut, I will turn the eye into a machine for the sake of easy explanation of its working, and show how the light force is the agent. We shall call the optic nerve the conduit, as it carries the force from the eye to the brain.

 

The retina we shall call the receiver, because it is the retina that receives the force from without and carries it to the conduit. The colored iris we shall call the governor, because it controls the volume of the force taken in by the receiver, and the pupil we shall call the port, as all of the force has to pass into it.


The foregoing shows fairly well the machine which we shall now start working.


Light and vision result from a current of the light force, which takes the form of waves, each wave being made up of innumerable infinitesimally small sparks, flashes, or streams.


Each spark or flash in the wave strikes on the receiver, and by it the force is carried back to the conduit. Then the conduit conveys it to the brain, to certain lobes. Then vision is the result. Each tiny spark or flash in the wave, strikes a blow on delivery with the force contained in it, so that, with the continuous multiplicity of blows, and with their delivery of force, the current is never broken.

 

This current of force continues as long as the ray exists, and as long as the current of force exists, vision remains. When the ray ceases, the current of force is broken. Then darkness prevails. It may be well to point out that when the ray gets shut off, there is a momentum in the force still left, which continues the wave and current for a time.

 

Our twilight is the result of this momentum. In the case of artificial lights, such as fires, lamps, and candles, the momentum is so weak and short that it is not noticeable.


Light rays, those which are affinitive to and excite the light force, are all distinguishable to the eye, regardless of their color, and all rays regardless of the color that are palpable to vision, have the faculty of exciting the light force and causing light. The length of the spark in the light wave, the volume of the wave and its length, and the rapidity of its movements, are subject to variation, which variation governs the character of vision.

 

And these variations are governed by the color of the ray which is carrying the force.


The wave formed from a white or an ultra intense red ray gives the most perfect vision, because the sparks in this wave are greater in volume and length and have a greater rapidity in movement than waves formed by any other colored ray. The length of a light wave formed by a white ray measures from about 1/50,000th to 1/60,000th part of an inch.

 

The number of sparks in a wave cannot be realized. It is, however, clearly seen that the number of waves, with the innumerable sparks in each wave, each spark delivering its quota of force to the receiver with a blow, form a continuous, unbroken current of force, therefore producing a continuous, unbroken, unwavering light.

 

A violet ray produces the weakest of all lights.

 

Professor Proctor, writing on this subject, says:

"The effect which we call color is due to the length of the light wave."

I disagree entirely with Proctor where he says:

"Color is an effect."

Proctor, like many other scientists, has made the mistake of placing the cart before the horse.

 

Proctor makes the length of the wave responsible for the color, whereas the fact is the color is responsible for the length of the wave. Proctor apparently did not know that light is a force; consequently did not know whence light originates, or how it is generated. Light rays correspond with the colors shown in the spectrum: The spectrum does not record or disclose any of the dark rays.

 

This I demonstrated and proved in a court of law in Europe, when as an expert witness I proved that temperatures cannot be measured by the spectrum. At the same time I demonstrated and proved that heat is carried in the dark invisible rays alone. Each colored ray or group of rays, both light and dark, whether they come from the sun or mechanical incandescence, affects the forces coming out of the electro-magnetic division of the earth's primary force.

 

We are discussing the subject of light, so we shall see by a very simple experiment how the various colored rays affect the light force.


Take a series of glasses corresponding with the colors of the spectroscope, and, in addition, one that is pure white, and another very lightly tinted with red to represent intensity. Place each glass successively between a powerful incandescent lamp and some very fine printed matter. The distinctness of the print will depend on the volume and strength of the light force, falling on the print. Each glass will be an affinitive of its own colored ray, and will repel all other light rays.

 

Each colored ray coming through the glass will carry a volume of the light force according to its capacity.

 

On striking the print, the ray is deflected to the eye. Thus the clearness of vision is governed by the volume and rapidity of movement of the force carried in the ray. The white clear glass will give one extreme, and the mauve glass the opposite extreme. It is noticeable that waves of light formed by the primary colors are stronger than those formed of secondary colors.


If, as Proctor says, "Color is an effect," then all inanimate matter such as rocks, wood, foliage, and points must all be extremely radioactive, and especially so when we take into consideration that light rays only form about one-tenth of the whole. It is true that all matter is permeated with the electromagnetic division of the primary force.

 

Not all varieties of matter, however, are incapable of holding a sufficient volume of the force to become radio-active, only a very few. If all matter produced Proctor's "effect," then all matter would be so radio-active that the burning effects of radium would not be worth talking about. In fact we should not be able to talk, for we should all be shriveled up.

 

By increasing or intensifying a light ray, the volume, the rapidity of movement, and the size of the spark are increased.


A much larger area of the receiver is required to produce perfect vision when the current is weak than when the current is strong. For perfect vision, the receiver must deliver to the conduit its full carrying capacity, no more or no less.

 

When too much current is delivered to the conduit, that is, more than it can convey, the movable shade or the governor involuntarily closes in and reduces the area of reception to balance the capacity of the conduit.

 

As examples:

If we pass from a dimly lighted room having only an 8-candlc power lamp into a brightly lighted room having a 100-candle power lamp, we find on entering the room that we are compelled for a short time partially to close our eyes to avoid what is popularly termed "glare." By thus partially closing the eye, the lids are partially drawn over the receiver, thus reducing its area of reception.

 

The eyelids remain thus partially closed until the governor has acted by closing in over the area of reception itself. When the governor has adjusted the area of reception to the capacity of the conduit, the eyelids automatically open again to their normal extent.


On entering the brightly lighted room, we were compelled to close our eyes partially, because we came from a low current of force into an intensified one. It was a greater volume of force than could be conveyed by the conduit. When we left the dimly lighted room, the receiver was calibrated for the current emanating from an 8-candle power lamp.

 

When we entered the brightly lighted room, the receiver had to be recalibrated to suit the force emanating from a 100-candle power lamp. On entering the brightly lighted room, a current of force struck the receiver, which was many times more than what the conduit could convey in its condition then.

 

As soon as this condition was encountered, the receiver automatically commenced to re-calibrate itself, so that only as much force should be taken in as could be conveyed by the conduit without overflowing over the eye-ball. By reducing the receiving area of the receiver, the volume of force passing to the conduit is reduced; its character, however, is not changed.


An overflow of the conduit is demonstrated by the eye smarting and watering, causing what may be termed semi-blindness, or, an incapacity to see distinctly.


An overflow of the force is caused by the receiver taking in a greater volume of force than can be carried by the conduit to the brain, so that what is not taken by the conduit is spilled over the eyeball. I shall take a water pipe as an example: When the pipe is carrying its capacity and more is added, the addition spills over. Tears or watering of the eye is nature's remedy; the elementary parts of water are very affinitive to the force. The water collects the spilled force and carries it away from the eye in the form of tears.


When going from a brightly lighted room into a dimly lighted one, vision again becomes indistinct. The cause is the reverse to my first example, and all actions of the eye are reversed.


An examination of the eye discloses the fact that in a dimly lighted room the area of the receiver is large, and in a brightly lighted room small.
When the light is extremely bright, as is the case with furnace fires, colored glasses are used to protect the eyes.

 

These glasses repel all light rays that do not partake of their own colors, thus reducing the current of force which strikes the eye.

I shall now examine the eyes of some night-seeing animals like the owl and the cat.
 

 

 


THE OWL

The owl is one of the birds which can see perfectly and distinctly during the dark hours of the night only.

 

From the foregoing cut of the owl's eyes, it will be seen that the eye has an enormous receiving area. The eye shows an extremely narrow iris or governor.

 

In the owl the governor is not under control, nor docs it work automatically like many other night-seeing animals. Therefore it cannot calibrate its receiver so as to see distinctly during the day or sunlight. Being unable to control the governor, a greater volume of the light force is taken in by the receiver during the day than can be carried by the conduit.

 

An overflow of the force and semi-blindness is the result, so the owl sleeps during the day and works during the night. At night the enormously large receiver is capable of collecting a sufficient volume of the light force from the weak and ever-weakening current to fill out the capacity of the conduit.

 

And, as the conduit is conveying its full capacity, the owl can see objects as clearly during the dark hours of the night as we can see them during the bright hours of the day.

 


THE CAT

The cat is a domesticated animal that can see as well during the dark hours of the night as during the bright hours of daylight.

 

There is a difference between the eyes of the owl and those of a cat, which is: The owl has no control over the governor of the eye, whereas the cat has perfect control.

 

In the cat's eye, the governor is capable of both great expansion and an equally great contraction.

 

 

Fig. 1. "During night light." This figure shows the condition of the cat's eye during the dark hours of the night, the governor is drawn back to its limit, exposing an enormous area of reception, corresponding with the receiver of the owl which only sees at night.
Fig. 2. "Subdued light." This figure shows the condition of the cat's eye during the hours of late twilight and early dawn. The iris, the movable shade or governor, is here shown drawn in over about one-half of the total area of the receiver, thus reducing the area of reception to about one-half, to take in only as much force as can be conveyed by the conduit.
Fig. 3. "Bright light." This figure shows the condition of the eye during the bright hours of day. The governor is here shown so drawn in that only a fine hair-like line of the receiver is left exposed, thus reducing the current of force received to the minimum.


Night-seeing birds and night-seeing animals thus demonstrate that vision, the power to distinguish objects, may continue after the body which has been emitting the light ray has disappeared and proving beyond all question that the light waves continue also, which in turn proves that there is a momentum left in the force which continues for a time.

 

It is also shown that the momentum resulting from the forces of the sun continues throughout the night, but with ever-decreasing velocity and power.

 

After the rays of the sun have left the atmosphere, the current of the earth's light force continues to move like a fly-wheel after the power driving it is shut off. The mechanical fly-wheel continues to revolve, but with ever-decreasing speed.

 

Each turn or revolution becomes slower and slower until finally it stops, indicating that the earth's cold magnetic force has overcome the force of momentum and anchored the wheel.

 

The cold magnetic force was enabled to accomplish this because momentum is only a weak temporary force. The lines of momentum are centrifugal in a wheel. The mechanical fly-wheel will not start revolving again until power is applied. So it is with the light force in the atmosphere.

 

After the sun's ray with its affinitive forces has been shut off, which is the power, the energy of the light force in the atmosphere becomes weaker, hour after hour, until the hour just before the dawn when it is at its weakest ebb.


Man cannot see distinctly at night like the cat and the owl because the governor of man's eye is incapable of sufficient expansion to expose a sufficient area of the receiver to take in a volume of the weakened force sufficient to fill out the capacity of the conduit. Could the governor of man's eye be made to expand to an equal extent with those of the owl and the cat, then man like these animals would also see as distinctly at night as he does by day.


The foregoing opens up a very pretty and interesting moral lesson for us all.

 


HEAT

Our heat is an earthly force and does not come directly from the sun.

 

I shall define what heat is:

Heat is a phenomenon which is a collection and a concentration of a sub-division of the electro-magnetic division of the earth's primary force at a given point or area, which the surrounding substances are incapable of carrying away by interchange and equalization at a sufficient rapidity to prevent a rise in the temperature at the given point or area.

What is temperature?


Temperature is the indication and measurement of a collection of the earth's heat force at a given point or area. The degree of temperature is the measurement of the volume of the force at the point or area.


The heat force - normally - is a cold force. It is in a cold condition during the time it is being held in reserve in the earth's storehouse for her forces, also in reserve in the atmosphere.


In any room of a building there is sufficient heat force held in reserve to melt the building, if the heat force in the room were brought up to its maximum degree of activity.


The action of the heat force is plainly told in the old Naacal tablets,

"and the shafts of the sun met the shafts of the earth's heat in the atmosphere, and gave it life, and the face of the earth was warmed by the heat," and again in the Nahuatl, "The particles being hit by the divine arrows became animated, and heat was developed."

Affinitive forces of the sun are carried in his rays.

 

The forces affinitive to the earth's heat force first draws it from the surface of the earth out into the atmosphere as shown in illustration on page 41. When in the atmosphere, the two forces, the earth's and the sun's, commingle and then the heat force becomes alive and takes the form of waves. As a matter of fact there are two of the sun's magnetic affinitive forces connected with the workings of the heat force.

 

The first sun's force draws the cold heat force from the earth's skin out into the atmosphere. This sun's force does not animate the heat force and give it life. The heat force comes in contact with the animating force in the atmosphere only.


The sun's magnetic force, which draws the heat force from the earth's body is incapable of exciting it into activity to give it movement and life.

 

This is apparent from the fact that the force leaves the earth's body in a cold state. If this particular magnetic force of the sun were capable of transforming the heat force into activity, it would do so before the force left the body of the earth, and as the earth's body is permeated with the heat force, it would bring about a condition: the condition would be, a red-hot surface to the earth upon which no life could exist.

 

As the earth's surface is not red-hot, and as it is permeated with the heat force, which is being constantly drawn out by an affinitive force of the sun, it is clearly demonstrated that this drawing affinitive force is a different one to that which brings the force into life in the atmosphere.


I have previously stated that the atmosphere has a governed holding capacity of forces, that each atmospheric particle of the atmosphere whether it be the essence or the analyzable parts, can hold and carry in suspension just so much and no more. I shall now go further and say that this regulation applies to individual forces as well as the whole.

 

Therefore it is thus shown that the sun's magnetic force, which draws the heat force from the earth's body, can draw just so much and no more. When the holding capacity for the heat force is filled, the magnetic force can draw out no more because there is nowhere to put it.


Fossils of vegetation have been found in the cold arctic regions of growths only found in tropical and super-tropical climates, showing that at the time when these plants were growing, our now frigid arctic regions were then hot or super-tropical. A very interesting question thus arises.

 

What has become of the heat that in ancient times made our polar regions super-tropical?


Heat is a force that requires room-space in elements, and, as there are no elements in space beyond our atmosphere, it is self-evident that it did not wander out into space and there get lost.


At the time when the waters first settled upon the thin crust of the earth, there was insufficient storage for the forces in her body. Consequently a super-bulk was outside mixed in with the atmosphere. They were there awaiting storage accommodation. As the crust of the earth thickened, so the storage plant was increased, and, as this was increased, the over-charge in the atmosphere was gradually drawn in and stored.

 

This resulted in the lowering of the heat force in the atmosphere, in ratio to the thickening and cooling of the earth's crust. At the beginning what is now our frigid regions were super-tropical, and as the crust of the earth thickened, so their temperatures went down until they became what they are now.


Space to all intents and purposes is a vacuum. The heat force can neither enter or pass through a vacuum. Space forms a complete barrier to the passage of the heat force in any direction. Space is nothingness, and the heat force cannot enter nothingness. Forces in a manner duplicate the workings of the elements, that is, they become tired out and exhausted after performing a service assigned to them by nature.


Elements when exhausted after performing some function assigned to them by nature, return to mother earth for regeneration and to be born over again.

 

Leaves fall from the tree and bush, grasses mature and die down, thus they pass into nature's laboratory, where they decompose and return to the soil from whence they came, to be again, at some future date, taken up and formed into new vegetation. When forces become exhausted, they are drawn back by the great central magnet to the frictional line. There they are regenerated and passed out into the storehouse, the cold hard crust of the earth.


The exhausted heat force is thus regenerated and passed out into the storehouse. There it remains in a cold inanimate state until called upon by nature for some other work.


While the sun's forces are drawing volumes of the heat force from the earth's body in a regenerated condition, the earth's great central magnet is drawing back for regeneration an equal volume of tired out, exhausted force, thus following out the great law governing motion and life by forming a circular or orbital movement. I have heretofore laid great stress on the fact that the earth's cold hard crust is the storehouse of her regenerated forces.

 

Now I wish to emphasize the following facts:

As the earth's crust thickened, so the temperatures surrounding the earth dropped.
The drop was in ratio to the thickening of the earth's crust.
When the heat force becomes tired out and exhausted, the sun's forces have no more power over it.
A controlling magnetic force cannot be stored in a superheated body. The body must be cold.
A force cannot be regenerated in a cold area.

Various phenomena show that the reserve forces stored in the earth's body far exceed the volume of forces held in suspension in the atmosphere.

 

Through this surplus in the earth's body a neutral zone was struck. This neutral zone is now instrumental in preventing the earth from solidifying and cooling any deeper. From the time this neutral zone was established, the temperatures of the earth's atmosphere were finally settled.


Today there is as great a volume of the heat force carried in the atmosphere of the frigid zones as there is in that of the tropical belt.


As soon as the heat force arrives in the atmosphere from the body of the earth, under a natural law, it commences to equalize in the atmosphere by interchange, that is, each particle of atmosphere has an equal volume of the force. What we know as radiation is nothing more than the interchanging and equalizing of the heat force throughout the area, a room or the open. When the force becomes exhausted again, it is claimed by the central magnet.


When out in the atmosphere, the sun's forces hold the earthly forces in suspension, including the heat force, until the day has passed and the sun has sunk below the horizon. From this moment the sun's forces have no power over the forces in the atmosphere. Then the great central magnet commences its work. It draws back to the frictional line all exhausted forces, and apparently those also that are in a very weakened condition.

 

Gradually the momentum slows down, and as it slows down, the forces become less active. Thus the phenomenon of night being colder than the day is explained. Another phenomenon is the earth experiences various temperatures at different parts of her surface, hot, temperate, and frigid.

 

This condition is brought about by:

  • First - The angle at which the sun's rays cut the earth's lines of forces.

  • Second - The length of time during each day of the year that the sun's rays cut these lines of forces.

From this it is seen that both time and angles are involved; a natural law, however, is followed: The more direct the angle at which the sun's forces strike the lines of forces of the earth, the greater is the power of the sun's forces.

 

Consequently, at these angles we find the maximum heat: the tropics.


At the angles at which the sun's rays become obtuse so that the effect of the sun's forces are lessened, here we find a milder temperature: the temperate regions.


Where the sun's rays strike the face of the earth at the most obtuse angles, we find the maximum frigidity: the polar regions.

 

The accompanying illustration is an explanation:

 


I shall now give some well-known phenomena that will serve as proofs that the heat force requires room space in elements; without elements it could not exist.
 

If we raise the temperature, of say, a piece of iron, the iron will expand; the additional or rather added volume of force has made room for itself in the iron by expanding it.

 

Then, if we withdraw the added heat by cooling the iron, the iron will shrink back into its original size. This is the common phenomenon known as expansion and contraction.


At night when the sun's rays are falling on the opposite side of the earth, we can again super-heat the iron and expand it. Do we get this heat from the sun, which is on the other side of the earth ? Decidedly not. This heat is taken out of the atmosphere where it was lying dormant and cold, having been previously drawn from the earth's body, but not exhausted.


A common and a well-known phenomenon is that the nearer we get to the source of heat, the higher we find the temperature; as an example, there is a hot stove at the end of a long room. In the opposite end of the room we find the temperature many degrees lower than close around the stove. In the center of the room the temperature is about midway between the two ends of the room.

 

Therefore if our heat comes from the sun, as our scientists tell us it does, the nearer we get to the sun, the warmer we should find it.

 

Do we? Let us see.


We will go to the tropics for there we shall find the sun directly above our heads. We will start from the shores of the ocean - sea level. We register the temperature and find it to be 110 F. We take a balloon and rise 10,000 feet in a direct line to the sun; at this elevation we find the temperature has dropped down to freezing point, 32 F.

 

We take another jump up to 40,000 feet above sea level, still heading direct for the sun. We are now several miles nearer to the sun than at sea level. We register the temperature again. It has dropped to 500 below zero. The cold is unbearable, yet scientists tell us that 40,000 feet above sea level we are that much nearer the source of heat.


To corroborate the results of our balloon ascent, let us do a little mountain climbing. We will make our start from a warm valley at the base of a high mountain. As we ascend this mountain, we find that it grows colder and colder. This clearly proves that the higher we ascend from sea level, so the temperature is proportionately lowered. And, as we leave the earth's surface, so we are leaving the source of the earth's heat.


Another well-known phenomenon is that as we ascend from sea level, so the atmosphere becomes proportionately less dense. It rarifies as we go up. This phenomenon is that there are fewer atmospheric particles to the cubic inch 10,000 feet up than there are at sea level.

 

This diminution of atmospheric particles is not always in regular ratio as shown by G.L. Tanzer in "Cosmic Reciprocity."


Two facts now confront us:

  • The first is, as we ascend from sea level, the atmosphere becomes more rarified. That is, there are fewer atmospheric particles to the cubic inch floating in the essence.

  • The second is, each atmospheric particle can hold a given quantity only of the heat force.

There is the reason why the temperature drops as we ascend from sea level. I will reduce it to a sum in arithmetic. At sea level there are 10,000 particles of atmosphere to the cubic inch registering a temperature of 110 F.

 

At 10,000 feet altitude we find only 5000 (?) particles to the cubic inch. These can only hold half the volume of the force. Therefore the temperature should be one-half of what it is at sea level. We find this is so, for at the 10,000 foot elevation, the temperature has dropped to 550 F. The foregoing figures are only given as a basis on which to form an example. The actual figures may be found in most scientific works.


What further proof is required to show that the earth's heat does not come from the sun, but is one of her own forces?


I shall next take up an example of a totally different character, the workings of a thermo-electric pyrometer.

 


HEAT PHENOMENA

A sufficient volume of the heat force accumulated and concentrated at a given point is capable of producing thermo-chemical reactions - analyses.


A thermo-chemical analysis is the undoing of a previous thermo-chemical synthesis. A thermo-chemical synthesis, which we may be analyzing today, may have been formed tens of millions of years ago. There are various mechanical ways and means by which the heat force may be accumulated and concentrated, both mechanically and chemically.

 

It is, however, easier to accumulate and concentrate many of the forces of the electro-magnetic division of the primary force than to isolate and concentrate the heat branch alone. This being the case, it is the general custom to accumulate an affinitive group of which heat forms one, or maybe the light force forms one also.


The dynamo, which is a piece of mechanical machinery, does not generate the electro-magnetic force. The dynamo only draws the force out of the surrounding atmosphere, where it is being held in suspension.

 

The atmosphere surrounding the dynamo cannot be denuded of the forces; interchange and equalization prevents it. As the dynamo cuts the lines of the forces and diverts them into its own channels, surrounding forces follow in and keep the atmosphere fully charged with a constant current coming from the earth's body to replace all forces that become exhausted.

 

The heat force has an affinity for all elements, some strong, others weak, and some almost, but not quite, negative. The greatest elementary affinity of the heat force is oxygen. Friction, which is neither an clement or a force, but a phenomenon resulting from the workings of elements and forces, has the faculty of collecting and concentrating the heat force.

 

Earthly surface frictions are minute duplications of the workings of the great central magnet. Sufficient friction will accumulate and concentrate such a volume of the heat force as to enable it to cause combustion and burn up solid bodies. Flames of fire are the result of a thermo-chemical analysis.

 

A thermo-chemical analysis from the result of friction may cause a solid to be transformed and pass off into the atmosphere in the form of super-heated gases. The phenomenon is commonly called "flames of fire." After the analysis of a compound has been started by mechanical friction, the further friction which carries on the analysis owes its existence to chemical friction caused by the separating of the elements of the compound forming the solid.

 

For all thermo-chemical separations are accompanied by chemical friction. This chemical friction continuously accumulates and concentrates further volumes of the heat force in the compound that carries on and continues the combustion.


A thermo-chemical analysis can be accelerated by the use of oxygen.


Friction in itself is incapable of starting or maintaining a flame of fire, for, like the dynamo, it is only the agent which collects and concentrates the force. The force, and the force only, is responsible for the flame. As soon as the fire starts, the volume of the force which started it passes on in the flame into the atmosphere and there proceeds to equalize.

 

It is this particular form of equalizing that warms the atmosphere surrounding a fire.

 

After the fire is exhausted, the equalizing of the force continues and extends until the atmosphere around where the fire stood becomes normal, for, under the great law of equalization, the interchanging must continue until the force becomes equally distributed throughout and around where the fire stood, just as the waters of an ocean after a storm level off, and the surface becomes equalized.


The foregoing explanation of heat accounts for another well-known phenomenon - that of smothering or putting out a fire by cutting off the atmospheric draughts from it, lowering the intensity of a fire by reducing the atmospheric draughts, or increasing the intensity of the fire by increasing the atmospheric draughts.

 

It is not the atmosphere or any of the elements composing the atmosphere that is primarily responsible for the changes in the intensity of the fire; the changes are solely due to the volume of force.

 

The force is primary, the elements composing the atmosphere are auxiliary, as one of the agents - oxygen - carries or brings the heat force in. As before stated, the atmosphere holds vast volumes of forces in suspension; every atom or particle of oxygen carries its quota of the heat force.

 

Therefore, as the volume of the atmospheric draughts is reduced or increased, so in proportion is the volume of the force which is being supplied to the chemical friction either increased or reduced. By cutting off all atmospheric draughts, the supply of force to carry on the burning is cut off, and the fire can continue no longer.


I have made the statement that heat is an earthly force and followed this statement with various well-known phenomena showing how the force works. I shall now demonstrate and reasonably prove that heat is a force, also an earthly force. For this purpose I shall call to my assistance what is known as the
thermo-electric pyrometer. A thermo-electric pyrometer is designed for measuring temperatures, especially high temperatures.

 

From personal experience and tests which I have made, I can say that accurate measurements can be made with it up to about 2000 F. Beyond this point it does not record accurately on account of the critical point in the metal forming its fire end.

 

An approximate reading can be made beyond 2000 F, but it can only be approximate.

 

 

As a matter of fact, the thermo-electric pyrometer does not record heat any more than does the prism.

 

The pyrometer measures and records the volume of the magnetic current, not the heat current. The heat and magnetic forces which affect the pyrometer are branches of the electro-magnetic division of the primary force, and except when they are purposely isolated from one another, they are associated, but always in an exact proportion one to the other. This rule never varies.

 

Thus if we fix the volume of the magnetic force as x = 100 F of heat, we also find that 2X = 200 F, and 3x = 300 F, and so on up to 2000 F.
 

My usual manner of calibrating my thermo-electric pyrometer was with hot water. Bring the water up to 100 F as shown by an ordinary thermometer. Then immerse the fire end in the water and calibrate it to read 100 F. Then as a check-off run the water up to 200 F as shown by the thermometer, and test the thermo-electric to see if it is reading accurately.


Very few laymen know the construction and workings of a thermo-electric pyrometer, so I have made a drawing of one in connection with a piece of hot steel in a furnace, and with this drawing I give an explanation, which I feel sure will be understood by everyone reading it. (See above figure.)

D, the furnace

S, the hot steel

F, a pair of ordinary insulated wires

E, a detachable joint called the fire end, made of some refractory metal such as platinum-platinum-rhodium or platinum-iridium

E.E, connection of fire end with lead wire outside of the furnace

G.G, connection of the other end of the lead wire with the pyrometer.

Thus it is seen that from the pyrometer P to the furnace D, containing the hot steel S, whose temperature is being measured, runs a pair of ordinary insulated wires F, the same kind of wires as are used for lighting purposes.

 

These wires are connected outside the furnace at E.E with the fire end also composed of two wires but of refractory metal. The other end of the fire end rests against the hot steel S. At the other end of the lead wire which may be of any length from 100 feet to a mile, a connection is made with the pyrometer at G.G.

 

In the instrument the current is transferred to a coil, then on to the needle or indicator, which it moves forward or backward as the current may vary. The needle point is on a dial divided into degrees. Thus the movement of the needle points to a degree in the current which in turn gives the degree of temperature or what the volume of the heat force is which is lodged in the body of the steel in the furnace.

 

This outline shows all positions and conditions. It will be seen that any electric current that may move the needle or indicator, in either direction, forwards or backwards, must come from the steel in the furnace as the pyrometer is in connection with nothing else.


Having given an outline of the instrument and the manner of its working, I shall now put it into operation.


The ingot is placed in the furnace at atmospheric temperature, say 700 F. The needle will be pointing to the 70-degree mark on the dial. The next step is what is technically termed "fire the furnace," i.e., turn on the heat. As the ingot begins to absorb the heat, it delivers the electric current to the fire ends; these through the lead wires deliver it to the pyrometer. The force then passes through the coils and advances the needle from 70 to 600, marked A on the instrument, showing that now there is an accumulation of heat in the ingot which raises its temperature to 600 F.


Now open up more draughts and thus increase the intensity of the fire.

 

The ingot absorbs more of the heat force and the needle proceeds to show the increase by moving from the 600 point to the 1200 point, marked B on the face of the instrument. Let another set of draughts be opened up equal to each of the first and second. The needle advances until it arrives at the 1800 mark and there stops at C on the face of the instrument.

 

There are now 1800 units of the magnetic force in the ingot which tells us that there is also 1800 F. of the heat force.


By "drawing the fire," that is, cutting off all of the draughts, a reaction takes place, the needle is seen moving back, showing that the forces are leaving the ingot. The rate of the needle's progress is governed by the rapidity with which the forces leave the body of the ingot, and interchange with the surrounding atmosphere and substances. This form of interchange and equalization is commonly called cooling.


A pyrometer should always be placed at a spot where the temperature is normal, and as far away from the substance whose temperature is being measured as possible, so that no radiated heat coming from the furnace can affect it to cause a false registration of temperature of the substance being measured. It is also clearly demonstrated that it can only be a force coming from the ingot that affected the instrument, and that it was a magnetic force and not the heat force.
 

It has now been shown that as the temperature of the steel ingot was raised, it was accomplished by atmospheric draughts, which carried in volumes of the heat force accompanied by a magnetic force. The magnetic force was carried to the instrument and moved the needle, the movements of the needle all the time corresponding to the increased volume of forces being concentrated in the ingot.


It may, however, be argued, that the elements composing the atmospheric draughts were the responsible agents which raised the temperature of the ingot. To meet such an argument and to check the foregoing, I will make another test. This time in an electric furnace, where draughts are not used. An electric furnace is as near a vacuum as is possible to get.

 

The agent for melting the steel will be what is known as an electric current, which contains the main branches of the electro-magnetic division of the primary force. In this case the heat force is accumulated and concentrated in the steel unaided by any atmospheric draughts. As the forces accumulate in the steel, the temperature continues rising until the metal breaks down and melts.

 

A thermo-chemical analysis has commenced. Melting is the first step. This demonstrates that it was the heat force and the heat force alone that raised the temperature of the steel ingot to 1800 F. in the first experiment.


Before closing this section on heat, I shall add a few words more about friction.


Friction is not a force. Friction is nature's agent for the accumulation and concentration of forces.

 

Example:

Take two pieces of wood and rub them violently one against the other. In a short time the wood will ignite and burst into flame. The fire docs not emanate from the hand working the sticks, nor is the necessary volume of the force contained in the sticks, otherwise the sticks would ignite without rubbing.

Friction is the greatest affinitive of the heat force, so that wherever friction is produced, heat will be collected and concentrated. With the grinding of the sticks one against the other, the friction goes on until a sufficient volume of the heat force is collected at the point sufficient to start combustion.

 

The hands and the pieces of wood are like the dynamo, only agents in collecting and concentrating the force.

 

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