Chapter II - The
Various phenomena which are constantly coming before our eyes show us
that the earth is generating forces.
Nature has never been prodigal in her works, so that these forces
are being generated for works which are being carried on by nature.
It will be my endeavor to show what these forces are, how they are
generated, and, to some extent, show the works they are carrying on.
To do this, I shall have to start from the very beginning of the
earth, when she was nothing but a whirling mass of gases, a nebula,
to enable me to see how the earth's forces were commenced and
This is necessary to show the polar forces and
the very important part they play in the movements of the earth.
Before the formation of a crust to the earth, no earthly centrifugal
force existed, nor could there be until after the centripetal force,
which had been working the gases to a center, surrendered the
matter. As there was no regular revolving movement of the mass to
generate a centrifugal force, there could be no gyroscopical force.
The gases forming the earth, and down to the time of a molten crust,
were rolled and tumbled around in every conceivable manner by the
centripetal force which was forming her. This was necessary to mold
her into spherical form. This rough handling had to be, otherwise
the earth would have assumed some irregular form.
As soon as a crust was formed, the earth was a sphere having a hard
outside crust and a molten and gaseous center - or soft. And when
she ceased cooling, the condition was the same, with the exception
that the crust was thickened.
The next point to consider is: of what use is this soft center?
must be of some use, otherwise it would never have been retained
within the crust of the earth.
The earth and the universe are our great schoolhouse to lead us to a
higher learning. There are many, many lessons which nature would
teach us, but they remain unlearned. Nature has taught us that
everything that exists is in a temporary form only, and that nothing
can really die or be lost. All must, in some form or other, continue
on forever. Everything that exists, and every condition that is
brought about, is for some special purpose and for the
accomplishment of something for * some special object.
As the earth has a hard crust and a soft center, it is a condition.
Being a condition, it has been brought about to result in some
special service. Now comes the question: what is the special
function or service that is being performed on account of this
On the equator, on its surface, the solid hard crust of the earth is
traveling at a rate of speed of about 1500 feet per second. The
earth's central molten matter is traveling in the same direction,
but much slower than the hard crust. Between the two substances -
the one going faster than the other - a fric-lional line is
When the earth commenced to revolve on her axis, she commenced to
generate three great forces: A great primary force A centrifugal
force, and A gyroscopical force. The early volcanic workings during
the Archaean time show that the great centripetal force quickly
surrendered its control of the earth to the newly born earthly
forces. This change was accomplished before the newly formed crust
had time to become cold and brittle. This is demonstrated by the
waves and flexures in the Gneiss rocks, which I have in my
geological work called the secondary rocks, as they were laid down
upon the granite which I have called the primary rock. These
volcanic workings took place before the waters rested on the face of
The earth's centrifugal force may be put into two parts or
divisions, - the first division, within the crust of the earth, and
the second division, from the earth's surface out.
With the advent of the earth's centrifugal force came the birth of
the earth's gyroscopical force.
As soon as the gyroscopical force came into existence, it began to
settle the earth in an upright position, which afterwards became
permanent. When the waters and the atmosphere were formed, the
centripetal force relinquished all claims on the government of the
The earth was then taken full charge of by the sun's great magnetic
forces in conjunction with the earth's forces. The combination of
these forces ever afterwards governed all of the movements of the
During the time the original shell or crust of the earth was
cooling, the inner division of the centrifugal force which was
turned into the gyroscopical force after striking the earth's solid
crust should have had a tendency to cup or flatten the polar
regions. It would do so if the forces worked then as now, because
when these forces first began their work, the crust was very soft,
plastic, and pliable, and capable of being molded. We find that the
forces did work then as now, because the ends of the earth, the
polar regions, are flattened.
The flattening of the ends of the
earth could not have been accomplished had the crust of the earth,
then, at the commencement of the working of the forces, been cold,
hard, and brittle. It is thus shown that the earth commenced to
revolve on her axis directly after the first initial crust was
formed, and before it became cold and unyielding.
Up to the time of the formation of the waters and the atmosphere,
the cooling and solidifying was slow, but after the waters and
atmosphere were formed, the cooling and solidifying became more
rapid. At first the earth's crust, the storage-plant of her forces,
was very thin and incapable of holding all of the primary force
which she was developing.
As it thickened, however, the
storage-plant for her forces was increased. As soon as the waters
and atmosphere were formed, vast volumes of the primary force were
drawn out into the atmosphere by the sun's affinitive forces.
Volumes were drawn out until the holding capacity of the atmosphere
was filled. Then the actual thickening of the earth's crust
commenced, for it was practically impossible to cool deeper until
some of the primary force was withdrawn. The heat force forms a
large percentage of the earth's primary force.
As the earth's crust thickened and greater volumes of the primary
force were held in her body, the resistance to the sun's pull
increased. Consequently the velocity of the earth's revolutions was
The thickening of the earth's crust went on until a neutral zone was
struck. Then it could cool and solidify no deeper. At this point the
earth had attained her highest velocity, which she has maintained
down to the present time.
I have heretofore said that a soft center was retained within the
crust of the earth for some special purpose and for some definite
function. That purpose was to provide a frictional line where the
earth's forces could be generated and regenerated. This phenomenon
is explained m the article below, entitled "The Primary Force."
Following natural laws, the earth's central centrifugal force
combined with the gyroscopical force should carry up and pack the
molten matter against the end, and with it volumes of the primary
force that had not yet been placed in the storehouse.
At the top end the molten matter should assume the form of a cup,
with a flattened end on the surface of the crust on the outside. A
natural result would be a great aggregation of the primary force
within the cup, resulting in the super-magnetizing of the flattened
end on the outside. This area should be more highly magnetized than
any other area on the earth's surface. Wc find it is so, therefore
this phenomenon is a fact and is proven by the magnetic compass
being drawn towards the pole from all parts of the earth, and
ceasing to be drawn when within the magnetic cup.
By this I mean the
needle ceases to act after it passes the edge of the cup. I have
been told by explorers who have been within the cup that the needle
tries to stand on its end. The molten cup is formed at the pole
because the forces carry the matter upwards with a circular
movement. An encased centrifugal force turns to a gyroscopical force
and carries matter upwards and at the top cups it. The earth's
molten matter is encased.
An ordinary example of an encased
centrifugal force is stirring a cup of liquid with a spoon rapidly.
The liquid at the
top assumes the form of a cup.
THE PRIMARY FORCE
The primary being the principal one of the
earth's forces, I shall consider it first.
This force is generated and regenerated by the grinding of the
molten matter in the earth's center against her harder outside
crust. It is the friction along the line of contact between the molten matter and the crust that forms the magnet which
attracts and draws back exhausted forces for regeneration. It is
this magnet which holds regenerated forces in their storehouse
against the pull of the sun's affinitive forces, and it is this
magnet that draws all elementary matter towards itself, popularly
called the force of gravity.
Forces are like elements, in that they have always existed and will
continue to exist forever. They cannot die or pass away, and, like
elements, after performing a work they become exhausted; the clement
returns to mother earth, the force returns to the frictional line
for regeneration; thus they both return to their respective places
of generation for regeneration.
The frictional line of contact forms a most powerful dual magnet.
One part controls the forces of the electro-magnetic division of the
primary force. The other part of the magnet controls all elementary
matter. Hereafter I shall refer to the frictional line as the
As before stated, what is termed our solar heat is an earthly force
which is drawn by affinitive rays of the sun from the earth's body
out into the atmosphere.
After many trials and experiments, I have succeeded in photographing
the movements of the atmosphere caused by the forces passing through
it as they leave the body of the earth.
This photograph is not of the forces or of the atmosphere. Neither
the forces nor the atmosphere can be photographed. It is of shadows
cast on a suitable background.
From this picture it is shown that the earth's forces leave her body
in the form of dark invisible flames.
These flames divide up and
disperse in streams and flashings too indistinct to show in the
picture. Some of these dark flames or columns attain a considerable height, several feet. When the volume of these
flames increases, as it does during certain hours of the day, the
length of the flame increases, and with it rapidity of movements of
the whole group.
Most of the earthly forces are specialized in that they cannot leave
the earth and her atmosphere and pass out into space, there to
become lost. Therefore these earthly forces cannot be drawn out
beyond the atmosphere.
Certain of the sun's rays carry forces that are affinitive to the
forces of the earth's electro-magnetic division.
These sun's forces
fall upon the earth's surface with his rays. They attract and draw
from the surface of the earth's body certain of the earthly forces
out into the atmosphere. While the sun's forces are drawing and
pulling on the earth's forces which are In her body, the great
central magnet is endeavoring and trying to keep them in the earth's
hard crust. This point should be specially noted because I shall
hereafter show that it is one of the factors in revolving the earth
on her axis.
One great fact must be fully appreciated; that is: when the earth's
forces are drawn from her body out into the atmosphere, they can be
drawn no further, and there they must remain until claimed by the
Another very important point ever to remember is:
The earth's atmosphere has a limit to its holding capacity; it can
only hold and carry in suspension just so much and no more. Any
surplus over its holding capacity becomes an extreme and gets
spilled. This is very plainly shown us in everyday atmospheric
As an example: When the sun's affinitive forces succeed
in drawing from the earth's body a greater volume of the forces than
the atmosphere can carry, the surpluses accumulate, join, aggregate,
and return to their storehouse, the earth's hard crust, being thus
drawn back by the central dual magnet. Lightning is the example.
Lightning is an accumulation of the overcharge in the atmosphere of
the electro-magnetic division of the earth's primary force, in the
act of either returning to the earth or equalizing in the
Another very important point to be constantly kept in mind is: The
earth's hard crust is the storehouse of her forces; and that the
earth's primary force permeates the whole crust of the earth and her
atmosphere and everything on the face of the earth.
Oxygen plays a most important point in the earth's makeup. It is a
many-sided element and under certain circumstances has a dual
polarity. In the scientific teachings of today great stress is laid
on polarity; in many cases this is unquestionably the wrong word to
use, as it is misleading. First of all, let us see what polarity as
named by scientists is.
Polarity is the working of one force against
another, and the phenomenon of polarity results under the great law
governing neutral zones. As an example, scientists call the earth a
Why? On account of its repellent or centrifugal
force which is working outwards all the time.
This, however, is only
comparative, otherwise all loose matter on the surface of the earth
would be hurled out beyond the atmosphere into space. This does not
happen because the earth's central magnet is the positive and
stronger force. There is a neutral zone between the two. The zone
depends on the elements in question, for with some elements this
neutral zone does not exist. As an example, throw a stone into the
air at a given point; it stops its upward flight and is drawn back
again by the magnet or positive force.
Oxygen has as many sides as
Joseph's coat had colors. It is one of the great affinities of many
of the branches of the electro-magnetic division - primary force -
and is especially affinitive to the Vital or Life-Force, a branch of
the electro-magnetic division. It has been the great hardener in
forming the earth's solid crust, for no crystal can be formed
without it. The whole earth is made up of oxides.
contained in all rocks, soils, metals, water, and the atmosphere. In
this material we find the storage-plant of the primary force.
Oxygen in combination with other elements is the conductor of the
primary force to the outer limit of her atmosphere. What do we
actually know about chemistry today? Nothing! What we know can be
written on the first page of a 2000-Ieavcd volume, the balance would
be filled up by what we do not know, and all because we have failed
to learn the connection between the elements and the forces.
I shall hereafter show under the head lines of the sun's forces that
magnetic forces are coming from the sun to the earth which are
extremely affinitive to all forces of the electromagnetic division
of the earth's primary force. The sun's forces being so much more
powerful than the earth's magnet enables the sun to draw from the
body of the earth her forces even against the magnetic power of the
central magnet and elementary attractions, to the extent of what the
atmosphere can carry in suspension.
When two or more forces are working against each other, neutral
zones are formed. A neutral zone is where the two forces equalize in
strength. If there were no neutral zones, the whole universe would
be chaotic in its movements; the celestial bodies would have no
definite routes and would be constantly colliding and running into
each other. All system throughout the universe would be eliminated.
A neutral zone is a line or point where two forces which are working
in opposition to each other become equalized in strength.
when two forces emanate from the same source, in fact, I might say
always, one of the two forces starts much stronger than the other,
but weakens faster as it proceeds from the point of generation.
given point or line, the weaker one becomes equal to the stronger
one, so that from this passing point as they continue on, the
stronger becomes the weaker as shown in the illustration above.
In this cut I shall suppose the dotted line to be a magnetic force
a, a, and the straight lines a centrifugal force b,b. At N. Z. they
become equal in power, hence at this point there is a neutral zone.
Below I give two examples which may be tested out by anyone. They
are simplicity itself.
Place an ordinary sewing needle in the exact center between two
equally powerful magnets.
The needle is in no way affected because
it is in a neutral zone. To prove that it is in a neutral zone, take
away one of the magnets. The needle immediately jumps to the
remaining magnet and attaches itself
Instead of using a sewing needle, take a magnetic compass. This
experiment is much more delicate. While the compass is midway
between the two magnets, the needle will point north. Remove one of
the magnets, and the point of the needle will immediately swing
around and point to the remaining magnet. While the two magnets were
present, the needle was in a neutral zone.
The magnetic forces were
working on both sides of the compass, but their powers were
I have termed this division of the earth's
primary force the electro-magnetic division because it contains the
compound force electricity, the compound life or vital force, the
heat force, the light force, various magnetic forces, and other
innumerable forces which I have been unable to isolate.
The forces of this division originate and carry on life, and, in
combination with certain forces from the sun and two secondary
earthly forces control all movements of the earth.
All forces in this division are exceedingly affinitive to certain of
the sun's forces. The sun's forces give them life and movement.
Without the sun's forces they are dormant. The sun's forces are
absolutely neutral to all earthly elements. Elements are in no way
affected by any of the sun's forces. The sun's forces affect the
earth's forces only. All apparent affectations of earthly elements
by the sun are the works of earthly forces set into action by
affinitive forces from the sun.
The earth's central magnet is antagonistic to the sun's forces: for,
while the sun's affinitive forces are drawing the earthly forces
from the earth's body out into the atmosphere, the central magnet is
using all of its power to prevent it and to keep the earth's forces
within her body. Were this not so, the earth could not be revolved
on her axis.
As before stated, there are apparently hundreds of distinctive
forces that go to make up the electro-magnetic division.
Rays of all colors, shades, and tints are in combination with the
various forces, and each force is carried in its own particular
colored ray. All rays carry a force regardless of whether they are
light and visible or whether they are ultra, dark, and invisible. As
a matter of fact, less than one-tenth of the rays carrying forces
are invisible to the human eye. They are extremes, and although
every one of them has a color, the color is indistinguishable
because it is an extreme color.
Each and every one of the forces is
used by nature, in some special manner, for some special purpose.
I shall hereafter show how the visible light rays which carry the
light force can be separated and isolated from the dark rays which
carry the heat and magnetic forces. There are two dark rays which
carry the heat and magnetic forces which can be conjointly isolated.
But I have been unable to isolate the heat ray from the magnetic so
as to isolate the heat alone. In all of my attempts to do so, and
they have not been few, the magnetic has invariably crept in.
magnetic ray could be repelled from the heat, then the heat would
stand alone - isolated.
I shall now give a diagram showing a partial
division of the electromagnetic, starting from the central
Fig. 1. Represents the earth's full primary force at the central
frictional line. As will be seen, the forces are shown intertwined
by diagonal lines like a rope. The black rings represent the
electromagnetic and the light rings the cold magnetic forces.
Fig. 2. The horizontal black heavy line represents the full volume
of the electro-magnetic as it passes from the earth's body out into
the atmosphere. In the earth's very specialized atmosphere, the
various forces are filtered out from the main stream, so that each
force becomes qualified to perform the duty assigned to it by
nature. The forces filter out in two forms, single and compound.
Probably some of the compounds filter into singles afterwards.
Fig. 3. Shows the forces leaving the main stream as compounds.
Fig. 4. Shows a single force filtering out from the main stream.
There are innumerable functions performed by the electromagnetic
division, and a volume might be written on each one, so that to go
into details about all would fill a library.
I shall simply dwell on
a few. A chapter will be devoted to each - all that is possible in
this curtailed work. I am simply blazing a path for others to
Judging by old records, the study of the mystic forces appears to
have been the principal theme of the ancients of the earth's first
great civilization 50,000 to 100,000 years ago, and which they
appear to have fairly mastered.
The subject of forces with us, today, is an unploughed field. Not a
sod has been turned over by our present civilization.
When the first great civilization was wiped out, mankind went down
hill as regards learning. Take only 500 years ago, - what then was
known of our present puny knowledge of the mystic sciences?
Unless the relationship between elements and forces is the basis of
future scientific studies, science will, as it has done before, fall
back and decline, become so filled with myths and erroneous theories
as to become the greatest farce and absurdity.
Science stands today
at the forked road. If the right one is taken, science will advance;
if the wrong one, then science will decline.
THE COLD-MAGNETIC DIVISION, EARTH'S PRIMARY FORCE
I have given this
the name of The Cold Magnetic Division because the heat force is in
no way associated with it.
The cold magnetic division is one of the divisions of the great
central dual magnet. An explanation of it discloses and explains
what the well-known phenomenon called gravity is. It shows the
origin of gravity, also the point of its origin. All elementary
matter at every opportunity gravitates towards the central magnet.
Therefore the origin of gravity is one of the magnetic forces
emanating from the great central magnet, and its point of origin is
the frictional line between the earth's solid crust and the central
molten matter, and not the earth's actual center as stated in our
present-day scientific teachings. The actual center of the earth is
a vacuum. How large, I cannot say.
It is the power of the attraction of the central magnet which causes
matter at every opportunity to take steps in an endeavor to get
nearer to the magnet. Thus matter gravitates towards it, therefore:
the cold division of the central dual magnet is The Force of
The sun's forces are neutral and in no way affinitive to the cold
magnetic division. Nor do the sun's forces in any way affect it or
its workings. Earthly elements are not affected in any way by the
sun's forces. They are under absolute control in their movement of
the cold magnetic division. This force extends its influence to the
last particle of atmosphere on the edge of space.
The influences of
the cold magnetic force is over elementary matter only. It is
neutral to forces generally. I might say one exception only, and
there it is antagonistic. The cold magnetic force is ever attracting
and drawing elementary matter towards itself - the central magnet;
only when density intervenes is its further progress stopped. When
the progress of matter is stopped by density, the central magnet
then anchors it to the spot where it stops.
There it remains until
another opportunity occurs for it to move again towards the magnet.
The central magnet, according to various calculations made by
scientists, who have made a study of the probable thickness of the
earth's crust, seems to be about 45 to 50 miles below the earth's
surface. I have never personally made any calculations, depending on
what I find written. Their figures seem to be correct from phenomena
which I have studied for a distance of about 20 miles down.
movements of matter must therefore be towards this 45-50 mile line.
The downward movement of matter is assigned to the force of gravity,
which is correct. I cannot find, however, that any of our scientists
have attempted to explain what the force of gravity is that carries
matter down, or either to show where and how it originates.
A force is that which moves matter (not that every movement of
matter is the work of the force of gravity). The force of gravity is
one of nature's tools to move elements in a definite direction,
namely, towards the central magnet. Also to prevent the outer
division of the earth's centrifugal force from carrying any
elementary matter out into space.
Gravity is the working of the cold magnetic division of the central
magnet. The central magnet has two antagonists: first, the outside
division of the earth's centrifugal force; and second, density.
Density is not active but only resistive, yet gravity is responsible
for the earth's density from the Archaean rocks to her surface. Even
the atmosphere is affected by the cold magnetic force; as this is
apparent in itself, it needs no explanation.
I shall now give a few illustrations of the working of the cold
magnetic force showing the force of gravity, taking first Newton's
theory as to why an apple falls to the ground.
I have selected this phenomenon for two reasons: First, because it
is an example where the workings of the forces are distinctly those
of the cold magnetic division only; second, because it is such a
Why does an apple fall from the tree?
Many moons ago that great
scientist Sir Isaac Newton answered this question by saying that,
"It was the attraction of the big body over the small one."
In some cases Sir Isaac would be partially true, but not with the
The falling of the apple is entirely due to the influence of
the central magnet. The earth's elementary body has nothing to do
with it. The earthly elements could not pull the apple down. It
requires a force. Elements are not forces, but they are permeated
While the apple is still unripe, it clings to the tree. The running
sap gives it an adhesive power, which is one of nature's provisions
for bringing fruit to maturity. When the sap ceases to flow into the
apple, a line at the end of the stem of the apple dries out and
severs the connection. Then the adhesive power is gone. Then the
cold magnet force calls upon the apple to make a start for the
The power of the
magnet severs whatever is left of the dried-out fibers and pulls the
apple from the tree to the ground. This may be considered by some as
not being conclusive, in that it was not the elementary body of the
earth that pulled the apple down. To make it conclusive and beyond
controversy, I shall give an illustration of an apple tree on the
side of a hill with the apples falling.
When the apples A.A. are pulled down by the central magnet, they
strike the ground at B.B. From there they roll down the slope to
C.C., where density intervenes and stops their further progress
towards the central magnet.
The apple and all other matter will keep rolling towards the central
magnet until stopped by density.
If, as Newton claimed, it was the attraction of the large body over
the small body that pulled the apple down, then, when the apples
touched the ground at B.B., they should have remained there, as they
were in contact with the big body, but they do not. They go rolling
down the hill until they are stopped by density at CC, thus clearly
showing that it was not the big elementary body that caused the
apples to fall, but the force that made them roll from B.B. to CC,
which was the magnetic power of the central magnet.
Next I shall take up the subject of the attraction of a big body
over a small one, and, as an example, will take a particle of dust
clinging to a wall. All matter carries and is permeated with
magnetic force. All forces, at all times, endeavor to join and
aggregate. The wall has a larger volume of the force than the
particle of dust.
When the particle of dust touches the wall which
has a greater volume of force, the forces are attached to each other
and adhere, and as the particle of dust cannot surrender its force,
it is compelled to remain in contact with the wall.
The power of the forces in elementary matter to attract and draw to
each other depends on density and proportions.
It is necessary that
the small body holds only a given volume of the force, otherwise the
central magnet will interfere and prevent the aggregation, as an
Take a grain of sand and place it against the wall alongside the
particle of dust. The sand will immediately fall to the floor. The
volume of the force in the sand is sufficient to enable the central
magnet to pull it down against the lesser volume in the wall.
Why does water flow over the bed of a river and on to the ocean?
The water is in constant touch with the earth, which is the large
body. If the large body is the magnet, it should hold the water
stationary and prevent its flow. It does not. The water flows on to
the ocean, which is the nearest point it can get to the central
In these two towers, for the sake of illustration, densities are to
be considered equal throughout all parts of both towers. Both towers
are drawn out of perpendicular like the leaning tower of Pisa,
The lines of centers of gravity C1 and C2 show the unequal
Fig. 1. This shows the greater part of the tower A1 extending beyond
its base line d1 - its overlap is shown by e1. The pull of the
central magnet being in proportion to each area shows that the
magnetic pull is greater on el than on d1. The central magnet will
pull this building down.
Fig. 2. This shows the area of E2 to be less than d2. This building
will not fall because the magnet's pull on d2 is greater than on E2,
the overlap. The line of center of gravity can be compared to the
balance handle of a pair of scales. The side will dip and go down to
the greatest weight, for weight is a measurement of the power of the
cold magnetic force.
This is an exceedingly interesting example, as it shows the two
divisions of the earth's primary force in antagonism against each
Both are striving for the possession of the nail. The one
endeavoring to aggregate and join two volumes of a magnetic force
out of the electro-magnetic division, the other endeavoring to draw
the elements composing the nail nearer to itself. Both the magnet
and the nail have volumes of the same magnetic force in them, but
the magnet being super-charged, has a great preponderance, as shown
in the Fig. 1.
The super-charged magnet has the nail in contact, as
the nail is seen adhering to it.
Although in contact, the force is
not drawn out of the nail, - if it were, the nail would fall from
the magnet. The magnet will hold the nail at any angle against the
efforts of the cold magnetic force, provided the body of the nail
does not have an area of surface and density where the cold magnetic
force becomes stronger than the electro-magnetic force. The result
depends entirely on the surface area and density of the nail.
If the nail is retained by the magnet, it shows that the
electro-magnetic force overpowers the cold magnet. If, however, the
nail falls as shown in the following cut, then clearly it is
demonstrated that the cold magnetic force overpowers the
THE EARTH'S CENTRIFUGAL FORCE
In addition to the earth's great
primary force, she generates other forces which I have called
Secondary because they originate from the primary
force in combination with affinitive forces of the sun. The sun's
forces are affinitive to certain forces in the electro-magnetic
division of the earth's primary force.
The earth's centrifugal force is one of the two secondary forces
about which there is much that can be said. This force is generated
by the spin of the earth upon her axis. For convenience in
explaining its workings, I shall make two divisions of it - the
inside and the outside. The outside division works on the outside of
the earth's crust, and the inside within the crust.
Were it not for the work of the outside division, the earth's cold
magnetic force would hold everything down so tightly to the earth's
surface that not a thing could move upon it, and the atmosphere
would become so dense that nothing could breathe it. The outside
division is therefore antagonistic to the influences of the central
The central magnet endeavors to anchor all matter down to
the earth's surface hard and fast, at the same time the centrifugal
force is endeavoring to throw everything movable on the face of the
earth out into space. The neutral zone of these two forces is the
outside edge of the earth's atmosphere. The inside division works
within the crust of the earth, and plays a very important part in
the movements of the North Pole: and, it was an important factor in
the shaping and development of the earth.
The earth's development has depended on the working out of the
primary rock, the old Archaean gas chambers. Their elimination
depended on the over-compression of gases in them, and,
over-compression depended on the central centrifugal force driving
the central gases out into the chambers through the various cracks
and fissures which developed during the cooling and contraction of
the primary rock.
It has much to do with the movements of the north
pole, as with the aid of the gyroscopical force, it accumulates and
concentrates a super-volume of the magnetic forces in the polar
regions, magnetic forces which have affinities in some of the sun's
A centrifugal force is limited only in power by the size, density,
and velocity of the revolving body generating it.
Velocity to a great extent is governed by the density of the
'revolving body, and the power which is revolving it.
As illustrations of the power of centrifugal forces constantly are
seen instances where grindstones and metallic fly-wheels are burst
asunder by their centrifugal forces and oftentimes with dire
results. Yet, the volume of the forces which burst these wheels
asunder are infinitesimal. The earth's centrifugal force, which is
trying all the time to hurl us all out into space, is billions upon
billions of times greater and more powerful than the puny forces
emanating from grindstones and flywheels.
Although of such incalculable power, and although we are living in
the midst of it, we cannot feel the earth's centrifugal force,
because we are neutral to it, it is an extreme to the human body,
and although of such incalculable power, it cannot hurl us off into
space, because the magnetic force is more potent and holds us back.
All forces are silent in their movements. All sounds which we may
hear through their workings or movements, such as thunder, are
caused by the elements which they are affecting.
The question was recently put to me: Why docs not the earth's great
centrifugal force, the mere skin that forms her solid matter burst
open this shell?
A centrifugal force will burst a metal fly-wheel
and grindstones, as we know from experience. That the earth's crust
is but a very thin skin, when compared with her total diameter, all
must admit. Comparatively speaking, not one thousandth part as thick
as the shell on a fowl's egg. Yet the earth's crust does not bend or
bulge out anywhere under the strain of her centrifugal force - why?
This is a very easy question to answer, but, first I must say as I
have previously stated, forces are so arranged that they are, in
many "cases, working against other forces and in all cases they form
neutral zones, or one has the complete mastery over the other. Then
the weaker one becomes non-effective - the earth's centrifugal force
is non-effective against the tremendously greater power of the great
For while the centrifugal force in endeavoring to
burst the crust of the earth and to throw everything on the face of
the earth out into space, it cannot do this because of the stronger
and more potent central magnet which overpowers the centrifugal
force and draws all elementary matter towards itself at all
opportunities. Density only stops matter rolling towards the magnet,
and yet, the magnet is responsible for the density of the rocks
above granite and the gneisses.
To illustrate the excessive power of
the magnet over the centrifugal force, throw a stone into the air.
If the centrifugal force were stronger than the magnet, it would
carry it off into space. But no, as soon as the magnet overcomes the
temporary impetus given to the stone, it has full control over it,
and quickly draws it to the surface of the earth, where it can go no
further - density prevents it.
Now a question arises of what use is the earth's centrifugal force,
for, nature has never been prodigal in her works. Therefore the
centrifugal force was created for a purpose.
What was that purpose?
For one thing, it was to govern the density of the atmosphere, for,
without the centrifugal force exerted to throw the atmosphere
outwards, the central magnet would draw it all to the surface of the
earth and there so compact it that nothing could breathe it, or
nothing could live in it.
THE GYROSCOPICAL FORCE
The second secondary force is the earth's:
This force is also generated by the spin of the
earth on her axis.
The principal function of the gyroscopical force is to keep the
earth in an upright position, and to prevent the' sun from
completely rolling her around from north to south. The sun's
affinitive magnetic forces are, at all times, endeavoring to draw
the earth's north pole in a direct line with herself.
The earth's gyroscopical force is always working against it, trying to keep the
north pole in its true or mean position. The gyroscopical force is
therefore antagonistic to the sun's magnetic affinitive forces.
before stated, the electro-magnetic division of the central magnet
is also antagonistic; without these antagonisms the earth's poles
could not oscillate, neither could the earth revolve on her axis,
phenomena which will hereafter be explained under the headlines:
"The Earth's Spin" and "The Earth's Pendulum."
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