ANCIENT RELIGIOUS CONCEPTIONS
Max Müller says:
"Religion is a mental faculty which, independent
of, nay, in spite of sense and reason, enables man to apprehend the
Infinite under different names and under different disguises.
Without that faculty no religion, not even the lowest worship of
idols and fetishes, would be possible; and yet if we will but listen
attentively we can hear in all religions a groaning of the spirit, a
struggle to conceive the inconceivable, to utter the unutterable, a
longing after the Infinite, a love of God.
"The intention of religion, wherever found or wherever we meet it,
is always holy. However imperfect, however childish a religion may
be, it always places the human soul in the presence of God; and
however imperfect, however childish the conception of God may be, it
always expresses the highest ideal of perfection which the human
soul, for the time being, can reach and grasp.
"Every mythology appears as the result of the earliest efforts of
the human mind to explain the mysteries of the Universe: the sky -
the sun - the planets; the winds and the clouds, the summer and
winter, the dawn and darkness, and the varied elemental phenomena
which are of supernatural significance to the simple fancies of
A myth starts from a conception, an idea. The mind invents facts to
embody and present it. Myths are the expression of the way primitive
man represented things to himself under the influence of naturalism.
Müller in "Early Religions," says:
"In one sense every religion has
been a true religion at the start; they were the only religions that
were possible at the time, which were compatible with the language,
the thoughts, and the sentiments of each generation, which were
appropriate to the age of the world. We ought therefore to put the
most charitable interpretation on the apparent absurdities, the
follies and the errors of ancient religions.
As soon as we know
anything of the thoughts and feelings of man, we find him in
possession of a religion, a religion of faith or worship, of
morality or ecstatic vision, a religion of fear and hope, or
surmise, a reverence of the so-called gods.
"In order to approach the religion of primitive peoples we must, so
to speak, get at its heart, and feel its life currents. We must
place ourselves in sympathy with these ancient peoples, listen to
their hymns and prayers, and witness their rites and ceremonies; we
must endeavor to know their religious ideals. When Thales declared
all things were full of gods, and when Buddha denied that there were
any other gods except the Supreme Being, both were stating their
"The external aspect of a religion as presented to strangers is not
one often to be trusted. In the earliest and purest days of
Christianity, if we were to believe the most enlightened of the
heathen writers, the Christian religion consisted of the worship of
animals. This idea possibly arose from the fact that the earliest
pictures of Mary nursing Christ show the cow's horns of the Egyptian
goddess Sati on her head, and sometimes the horns of Hathor."
From the Book of the Dead
Hathor in Egyptian means "the house of
Hathor is frequently represented with the attributes of
Isis. Hathor symbolizes and personifies not only all that is
beautiful, but also all that is true. Isis was the personification
of the female or creative attribute of the Deity.
Sati had the same attributes as Hathor. She wears the crown of Upper
Egypt with cow's horns, and symbolizes motherhood.
Müller, in "Ancestral Worship," says:
"Ancestral worship sprang out
of the universal faith of primitive peoples in the persistence of
human responsibility after death. This form of worship seems to have
been almost universal among mankind during a certain stage of
development. Traces of it are found in all parts of the earth. The
religious ideas of the Hebrews present traces of ancestral worship.
The indication is strong that the special God of the Hebrew
patriarch, the family God of Abraham, with whom he conversed and
held personal relations, represented an ancestral divinity."
From the reading of a number of ancient writings, I have come to the
conclusion that ancestral worship originated through the destruction
of Mu. Ancestral worship or the reverence shown to forefathers
appears prominently in the Egyptian sacred rites and ceremonies,
where their forefathers of the land of Mu furnish the principal
It is also reflected in the inscriptions on some of the Maya
monuments; also in the Greek alphabet.
Müller, in "Origin of Religious Laws," says:
"The belief that the
religious law-giver enjoyed some closer intimacy with the Deity than
ordinary mortals pervades the ancient traditions of many nations.
According to a well-known passage in Diodorus Siculus, the Egyptians
believed their laws to have been communicated to Mnevis by Hermes.
The Cretans held that Minos received the laws from Zeus. The
Lacedaemonians held that Lykurgus received his laws from Appolon.
The Aryans believed that Zathraustes received them from the Good
According to Gatel, Zamolscis received his laws from the
goddess Hestia, and according to the Jews, Moses received his laws
from the God Lao.1
"There was a primitive Aryan religion, a primitive Semitic religion,
and a primitive Turanian religion, before each of these primeval
races was broken up and became separate in language, worship and
national sentiment. The highest God received the same name in the
ancient mythology of India, Greece, Italy and Germany, and had
retained that name whether worshiped in the Himalayan mountains, or
among the oaks of Dodona, on the Capital or in the forests of
Germany. He shows that his name was Dyaus in Sanskrit, Zeus in
Greek, Jovis in Latin and Tiu in German.
"They bring before us with all the vividness of an event which we
witnessed ourselves but yesterday, the ancestors of the whole Aryan
race, thousands of years it may be before Homer and the Veda,
worshiping an unseen being under the same name, the best, the most
exalted name they could find in their vocabulary - under the name
Light and Sky. Let us not turn away and say that this after all was
nature worship and idolatry. No, it was not meant for that, although
it may have been degenerated into that in later times.
"Dyaus did not mean the blue sky, nor was it the sky personified ;
it was meant for something else. We have in the Veda the invocation
Dyaus Pitar, the Greek Zeus Pater and the Latin Jupiter, and that
means in all these languages what it meant before these languages
were torn asunder. It means 'Heaven Father,' or 'Heavenly Father.'"
1 Unquestionably the Seven Sacred Inspired Writings of the
Motherland are the foundation of this universal belief.
Owen, writing on the ancient religion of China, says:
classics in China, going back to the time of Abraham, show a
wonderful knowledge of God. There are passages in these classics
about God worthy to stand side by side with kindred passages in the
Bible. God was omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent; the moral
governor of the world and the impartial judge of men."
Man's first religion was a simple, pure worship of the Deity.
extravagances which later crept into and disfigured it were the
results of that inevitable degradation which priesthood always
inflicts upon great ideas committed to its charge. The original
religion became discordant in many particulars, and sorely overlaid
by corruptions, inventions and misconceptions.
Manetho, the Egyptian historian, tells us that,
"animal worship was
introduced into Egypt in the reign of the second king of the
In all my Egyptian research work I have been unable to find any
traces of animal worship during the early dynasties, and it is
rarely even referred to between the age of Kufu and the reign of
Rameses II. What is shown, however, is that quite early the
Egyptians apparently began to worship the symbols instead of what
they represented, which was the first step that led to animal
"It was not until the Eighteenth Dynasty that animal
forms of gods were depicted in the memorial chambers of the
departed. Under Thotmes III these figures are constantly met with,
having the head of the symbolic animal that was embalmed. After the
reign of Rameses, the worship of animals grew and expanded greatly."
Here is an example of an unscrupulous priesthood, craving for power
and control of wealth, degrading the pure, simple, beautiful Osirian
religion, as taught by Thoth at Sals, to accomplish their ends.
From ancient records it would appear that, about 2000 B. C.,
religions all over the world became degraded, dropping in many
places to fiendish human sacrifices. Only Moses stood up against it
and kept his people in the true road. They have been called "God's
favored people." They were favored when they were selected to retain
and carry on the worship of the Deity; they were called upon and
were not found wanting.
The creation of the world and man has ever held a prominent place in
the mind of man; for as soon as we know anything about the thoughts
of man we find he has a conception about Creation.
It matters not whether it is the conception of the prehistoric
sages, the more modern philosopher, or the present-day cannibalistic
savages - all conceptions of the Creation are substantially the
same. They may vary a little in phraseology, and do; but the main
points are identically the same, showing that they all have a common
This subject, the Creation, permeates the writings and traditions of
prehistoric and ancient peoples. These traditions have been handed
down to us and have been accepted by us, because science and geology
prove them to be correct.
All of the prehistoric writings are written in symbolic phrases, and
symbols are used in place of the names of the actual objects.
Knowing the import of these symbols, however, makes reading of them
easy, so that we arrive at their true meanings and they become
perfectly intelligible and understandable.
Throughout all ancient traditions, even down to the time of Moses,
we see "water above the firmament and waters below," a distinction
being thus made by pluraliz-ing. Water in all these cases refers to
the ether which fills space beyond atmosphere.
There can be no question about it; all traditions of the Creation,
wherever found, have a common origin. It matters not whether it is
our Biblical traditions, the traditions of the Hindus, Chaldeans,
Egyptians, Mayas, Polynesians or others; their original source was
the same and dates back to very early man, tens of thousands of
years ago, and maybe even more.
A dissection of all of the traditions brings some astonishing facts
before the eyes of the reader. Probably the most astounding of all
is the fact that the Polynesians, who have been shut in from the
rest of the world for over 12,000 years, should have among
themselves traditions of the Creation identical with the Biblical
account, such as the names of the first man and woman; and that the
first woman was made out of man's bones; that man was a special
creation of God.
The Marquesans and other Polynesians could not
possibly have got these traditions from the outside world. The
traditions of the Polynesians start from 12,000 years back, and how
much more no one can surmise. The Biblical tradition started with
Moses some three thousand years ago, which proves that it was handed
down to Moses in some form.
The Naacal and Egyptian show us in what
form it was handed down and from whom.
From the most remote times, the Serpent has been held by
every people in the greatest veneration, as the embodiment of divine
In my research work I have invariably found that all myths have a
foundation, and that the foundation is some legend or tradition. The
myths, inventions, legends and traditions about the Serpent are
exceedingly numerous. Let us now see the result of a little
research. Eusebius tells us that the Egyptians called the Creator
Kneph, who was symbolized by a serpent. This makes clear why the
serpent was held in such high veneration by the ancients - the
serpent was their symbol for the Creator.
The Mayas in their sculptures represented the Creator of all things
as being protected within the coils of a serpent.
Much is to be learnt from the Hindu on the subject. Manava Dharma
Sastra, a Hindu book, refers to the Serpent as the Creator.
In Aytareya Bhramana, a Hindu book, we find:
"Sarpa Rajni, the Queen
of the Serpents, the mother of all that moves." And again: "Caisha,
the Seven-headed Serpent, the Creator."
The Mayas of America symbolized the Creator with Ah-ac-chapat, the
In Popol Vuh, the Quiche sacred book, we have:
"The Creator, the
Maker, the Dominator, the Serpent covered with feathers."
After many years of research, including an examination of what has
been written about the serpent by modern writers, the perusal of
many ancient writings and inscriptions, considering legends,
traditions and myths, and noting where and how the ancient carvings
of the serpent have been placed and used, the following are my
1. Much of what has been written by our present-day scientists and
authors has not a particle of foundation for it. It is purely
2. The serpent adorned, as with feathers, wings or a plurality of
heads, is a symbol only of the Creator and Creation.
3. The serpent unadorned was the symbol of the waters.
4. The circular serpent was one of the symbols used for the
Let us now see what grounds there are for my various deductions:
1. The Serpent Adorned. - This has been shown to be the symbol of
the Creator among the Mayas, Hindus and Egyptians.
2. The Serpent Unadorned is the ancient symbol for the waters. From
the Maya we find that it was selected because the movements of its
body were a duplication of the ocean's roll. It originated in the
Motherland, and from there was carried to Burma, India and Babylonia
- and from the Motherland to Yucatan, to Central America, Greece,
Asia Minor and Egypt.
The Serpent unadorned, being the symbol of the waters, and the
waters being the mother of Nature's life, the serpent naturally in
the ancient mind was associated with Creation. The ancients,
however, appear to have been careful to differentiate between the
Deity and Nature's Creative Forces by adorning the serpent that
symbolizes the Great Creator.
In all the ancient writings the Sun is always symbolically shown as
fighting and overcoming the serpent of the waters - the unadorned
In dealing with this symbolism, many writers have erred: they have
failed to differentiate between the symbol of the waters and the
symbol of the Creator, both being serpents. The Sun is not fighting
the serpent of the waters; as a matter of fact, he is not symbolized
as fighting at all. The spear, arrow or dart is the symbol of
activity. The Sun's Forces are penetrating the waters and bringing
into life the cosmic eggs that are contained therein.
In Egypt we find Horus symbol of the Sun piercing the head of the
serpent Aphophis - the waters - with a spear.
In Greece Apollo, their symbol of the Sun, overcomes the serpent
Python, their symbol of the waters.
In India Vishnu, the Sun, overcomes Anatha the Serpent, the symbol
of the waters.
The Christians in some way received this conception, for to this day
the Church of Rome pictures the Virgin Mary with a serpent at her
3. The Serpent Circular. - A circular serpent having its tail in its
mouth is one of the oldest symbols for the Universe. I found it in
Naacal pictures. The Egyptians sometimes used it as a part of the
headdress of their symbols for the Deity.
The Seven-headed Serpent, the symbol of the Creator and Creation,
was fully explained in the first chapter of this book.
The Tree and The Serpent
Innumerable legends color ancient and
modern literature about the Tree of Life and the Serpent.
legends have drifted into myths; and finally, a good crop of apples
grew on the tree. These apples became necessary to carry out the
myth: for, without them, how was Eve to tempt Adam ? They were
necessary to cause Adam's fall, according to the myth. Thus through
this myth poor woman has been accused of being the cause of all the
evils that have fallen to man.
A monumental piece of cowardice on
the part of man, and Ezra was to blame; had Ezra been able to read
correctly, the symbols which appeared in the writings of Moses, he
would have given a very different version of the wily old Serpent
and the Tree of Life.
The small cut is a vignette from the Sacred writings.
I must first mention in regard to the religious conceptions of early
man, that he was taught there was only one real life on this earth,
Man's Soul, which was sometimes called by the ancients The Man, also
The Inner Man.
Man's material body was only a temporary habitation. All other forms
of what we call life were also of a temporary nature, taken from the
earth and to mother earth returned.
Of all the forms of earthly creations, man only had an imperishable
part which survived the material body and lived on for ever:
therefore, Man's Soul was the only true life on earth.
Man first appeared on earth in the Land of Mu: therefore the first
actual life on earth appeared in Mu. Man was also spoken of as a
fruit. Trees bear fruit, and man was the "first fruit" of a tree and
the fruit was life. The Land of Mu was the Tree of Life. Thus Mu was
symbolized as a tree - the Tree of Life.
The Vignette in the Naacal writings, shows the tree with a Serpent
coiled around it: thus surrounding the tree.
The Serpent is called
Khan, the unadorned Serpent, therefore this serpent is the symbol of
the waters. It is symbolically shown that Mu was surrounded by
water. Mu had no land connection with any other continent. The
Serpent is the waters surrounding Mu. The foregoing shows clearly
and intelligently explains what the Tree of Life was and why a
serpent is coiled around it.
In the Biblical legend it states that angels wielded swords of fire
around the Garden of Eden (Mu) to prevent the reentry of Adam and
Here Ezra failed to read correctly a compound Egyptian glyph. The
glyph reads: Mu sinking into a fiery abyss. The flames of the fires
of the underneath rose and enveloped her body as she went down.
Her sinking and submergence made it impossible for man to return to
the land. Mu - the Garden of Eden - was dead and buried beneath the
2 Many writers have asserted that the unadorned serpent was called
Can. This is an error; the symbol of the waters was called Khan. Can
is the numeral four and is generally written with four dots, four
circles, four disks, or four straight line.
One of the reasons why the ancients assigned so many symbols to the
Deity was because they thought themselves unworthy to mention His
name, and always referred to Him as "The Nameless."
symbols represented His various attributes.
We now come to a subject that has generally been placed before the
public in a manner that has caused false impressions to be
entertained - ancient religious rites and ceremonies. Whether the
writers have been incapable of translating correctly, or are
ignorant of the subject, I am not prepared to say, nor does it
interest me; but the writings on these subjects that have found
their way into print have generally attempted to cast a blot on
ancient religions in the minds of the readers instead of reverence
for our forefathers who so faithfully tried to apprehend the Deity.
It is the true understanding of the ancients that makes Max Miiller's writings so fascinating. I most envy his power of
concentration and his ability of allowing his soul to carry back his
mind, and mentally to associate with and live in the hearts of the
people he is writing about.
All rites and ceremonies practiced in the ancient temples were
symbolical - not literal, as is generally thought by writers on this
subject. They were symbolical of the life a man must lead to attain
perfection, so that in the end, when the time came for him to pass
into the Great Beyond, he would do so with a clear conscience and
without trepidation. They tried to symbolize to him what Heaven was,
what God was, and the glory that awaited him if he were not found
Many of their conceptions would appear ridiculous to us today, were
it not for the fact that we can mentally place ourselves beside
them, appreciate their untutored mentality and realize that at that
time the teachings and the mode of teaching were as complex as could
Max Müller was absolutely correct when he wrote:
"One should never
judge any of the ancient religions from appearances."
We must first
remember that all we see is symbolical and not literal.
A great blot, however, came upon and disfigured the escutcheon of
ancient religions. The Mayas, Egyptians, Phoenicians, and other of
the ancients, about 3000 years ago, turned the pure worship of God
into horrible forms of idolatry. They were taught by the
unscrupulous priesthood to worship first the symbols, then fetishes
of wood and stone and finally - the crowning horror and disgrace -
It is known that the early books of our Old Testament were written
by Moses from Egyptian temple records. Hieroglyphics and symbols
were the common form of writing in ancient times.
A hieroglyphic or
a symbol is an emblem of something, and therefore must not be taken
literally. They must be taken as representing something, but not as
that something itself. The failure to differentiate between the
symbol and what it represents has caused many decipherings and
translations to be erroneous, and often, in religious matters,
leaves the impression of idolatry where there is a profound
reverence for, and a worship of, the Deity.
This has been especially
prominent in deciphering and translating records relating to the Osirian religion. By Osirian religion I mean that taught by Thoth at
Sai's, at the commencement of Egyptian history, and not as it was
preached and taught and practiced by the unscrupulous Egyptian
priesthood of a later period, which commenced during the reign of
the second king of the Eleventh Dynasty and reached its climax
during the Eighteenth Dynasty.
According to the Old Testament, Moses wrote that man was a special
creation and made his advent on earth in the Garden of Eden.
was the Garden of Eden? The Biblical boundaries of the Garden of
Eden are geographically impossible, as anyone can see by consulting
an atlas and tracing them. Rivers are made to run over mountains and
across oceans. Here is a Biblical error; how did it occur? Moses was
a Master - he had attained the highest degrees in religion and
It would have been impossible for him to have suggested
such impossibilities; so that we must look elsewhere to find the
origin of the many Biblical errors.
What Moses wrote, without doubt, were plain facts, in symbolical
language - a symbolically written history, true in all respects.
Subsequent translations perverted his writings.
The writings of Moses were in Egyptian hieroglyphics and hieratic
characters. I have been informed by Hebrew scientists that some were
on clay tablets, others on papyrus: this point I pass on as I
Eight hundred years after the Israelites Exodus from Egypt, Ezra,
with a body of co-workers, collected all the tablets and writings of
all descriptions which were connected with the family history of the
Israelites, and put them into book form, which became the Bible.
Those written by Moses were in Egyptian hieroglyphics. Is it any
wonder that so many mistranslations were made by Ezra and his
associates, when none of them was capable of thoroughly
understanding the Egyptian writings of Moses? Only a Master could
understand them, and neither Ezra nor any of his associates were
Their incapability is clearly shown by comparing their
translations with the original records which we find in the
Egyptian, Chaldean, Hindu and Mayan. Moses wrote sense; his
translators made nonsense out of many of his passages. Moses wrote
in the symbolical style of his day and his translators tried to
translate literally. In this they only half succeeded, and when they
came across a set of hieroglyphics they did not understand, they
added myth to sound history.
The boundaries of the Garden of Eden
form one of their myths.
From incontrovertible evidences gained through my research work it
is shown that Moses wrote the first books of the Bible from the
temple records brought to Egypt from the Motherland by the Naacals
via Burma and India; and that these Egyptian temple records were
copies of the Seven Sacred Inspired Writings of the Motherland - Mu.
These were written on clay tablets and referred to the Creation. The
legends of the Garden of Eden, the "Flood," the last magnetic
cataclysm, and the raising of the mountains, are records of later
Moses could have made no mistake in copying these writings, so they
undoubtedly left his hands perfect copies of the originals. Eight
hundred years after, an attempt was made to translate them into
Hebrew by men who did not understand the old Egyptian esoteric
temple writings, hence the difference between what was produced and
So little did Ezra and his associates understand these writings that
I doubt if there is a single Hebrew today who knows the meaning of
the burnt sacrifice and what it symbolized.
Before the submersion of Mu, the word sacrifice was unknown in any
language. It was coined to describe the way in which Mu was
destroyed; and a fire upon an altar symbolizes the remembrance of
the beloved Motherland.
Ancestral Worship. The worship of ancestors, or ancestral worship,
is so universally acknowledged to be of common origin that I think
it unnecessary to prove it here; so I shall confine myself to
showing what land it was that first fathered this custom. In order
to do this, I shall quote from records of many countries.
Egypt, "Papyrus IV" (Boulak Museum):
"Bring offerings to thy father
and to thy mother, who rest in the valley of tombs; for he who gives
these offerings is as acceptable to the gods as if they were brought
to themselves. Often visit the dead, so that what thou doest for
them they may do for thee."
India, "The Dharma Lastra":
"The ceremony in honor of the Manes is
superior, for the Brahmins, to the worship of the gods; and the
offerings to the gods that take place before the offerings to the
Manes have been declared to increase their merit"
China, Confucius in "Khoung Tsen":
The whole of Chapter XIX is
dedicated to the description of the ceremony in honor of ancestors,
as practiced twice a year in the spring and in the autumn.
Confucius in "Lun Yu" says:
"It is necessary to sacrifice to the
ancestors as if they were present."
On the fifteenth day of the Japanese seventh month, a
festival is held in honor of their ancestors, when a repast of fruit
and vegetables is placed before the Itays, on wooden tables of
peculiar shape, on which are written inscriptions commemorative of
Peru, "Fables and Rites of the Incas":
festivities were established to commemorate deceased friends and
relatives. They were celebrated with tears, mournful song, plaintive
music, and by visiting the tombs of the dear departed, whose
provision of corn and chicaha they received through openings
arranged on purpose from the exterior of the tomb to vessels placed
near the body. The Peruvians had great festivals in honor of the
dead in the month of Aya-Marca."
Le Plongeon, in "Central America," says:
"Even today the aborigines
of Yucatan, Petan and other countries of Central America, where the
Maya language is spoken, are wont, at the beginning of November, to
hang from the branches of certain trees in clearings of the forests,
at cross roads, and in isolated nooks, cakes made of the best corn
and meal they can procure. These are for the souls of the departed."
R. G. Haliburton, who is considered one of our best authorities on
ancestral worship, in writing of the "Festival of Ancestors", says:
"It is now, as it was formerly, held at or near the beginning of
November, by the Peruvians, the Hindus, the Pacific Islanders, the
people of the Tonga Islands, the Australians, the ancient Persians,
the ancient Egyptians and the northern nations of Europe, and
continues for three days among the Japanese, the Hindus, the
Australians, the ancient Romans and the ancient Egyptians."
This startling fact at once drew my attention to the question: How
was this uniformity in the time of observance preserved, not only in
far distant quarters of the globe, but also through that vast lapse
of time since the Peruvians and Indo-Chinese first inherited this
primeval festival from a common source?
Between the columns in the Temple of Sacred Mysteries at Uxmal there
was a grand altar, and on this altar, placed at the door of the
inner chamber, they were wont to make offerings to their Manes.
This decides the land of common origin. The offerings to ancestors
was a sacred rite and was practiced in the Temple of Sacred
Mysteries. It has already been shown that the sacred rites and
ceremonies practiced in this temple came from the Motherland.
Therefore the land of Mu originated ancestral worship.
The custom remains dear to us today, though in a modified form; for
do we not visit and place flowers on the graves of our dear departed
ones? Little do those who thus place flowers on graves know that the
ceremony originated more than 12,000 years ago, and that they are
practicing a very ancient ceremony.
Language. Language is admitted to be the most accurate guide in
tracing the family relations of various peoples, even when
inhabiting countries which are separated by vast expanses of water
and extents of land.
A startling fact is that we find Maya words in every language of the
world. In Japan, one-half of their language is Cara Maya. In India,
a large proportion of the languages spoken came, without a doubt,
from the Naga Maya. The proportion, however, varies in each
The Candian Cingalese is full of the original Maya words, and all of
the European languages are permeated with them, especially the
Greek, whose alphabet is composed of Cara-Maya vocals.
per cent of the Mexican Indian language is Cara Maya. A Mexican
Indian and a Japanese can converse intelligibly without the aid of
an interpreter, so many words are common to both languages. The same
may be said of the Incas. The old Akkadian and Chaldean languages
were largely Naga Maya; also the Egyptian. One might, with research,
go on indefinitely to prove the common origin.
Naturally time has made many changes in words. This is inevitable,
of course, but the root still remains in many of these changes. For
instance, in Greek we often find the letter g replacing the Maya k.
D often replaces the Maya t, and r often replaces the Maya L.
last replacement, by the way, occurs in many languages.
In all words where the letter c is sounded k, the word will be found
to come out of the Maya. The greatest changes in language, however,
are found where the art of writing is unknown, and where the grammar
has been lost or is unknown.
Max Müller says:
"There was an original language."
This statement is
confirmed wherever a study of language and its origin is made.
In all languages are to be found some words, roots of words, and
vocals, which are identically the same ; and in all instances they
are found to convey substantially the same meanings, thus proving a
In "Six Thousand Years of History" we find this statement:
comparison of words in Sanskrit, the ancient language of the Hindu; Zend, the old speech of Persia; Greek, Latin, English and other
tongues, has shown that all these languages came from a distant
common original, spoken by some race yet unparted by migration. In
all, or nearly all of these tongues, the names of common things and
persons, the words expressing simple instruments and actions, the
words for family relations, such as father, brother, daughter and
son, the earlier numerals, the pronouns, the very endings of nouns
and verbs, are substantially the same.
Accident could not have
caused this phenomenon, and, since many of the nations speaking thus
have for long ages been parted from each other by vast stretches of
the earth's broad surface, they could not learn them in historic
times from one another.
Borrowing and imitation being thus excluded,
the only possible account is that these words and forms were carried
with them by the migratory Aryan tribes as part of the possession
once shared by all in their original home."
Each of these universal words may be traced back to the ancient
mother Maya language. The natural deduction, therefore, is that the
Maya tongue was, the mother tongue, or one of the very earliest
offshoots from it.
It must be understood that the present Maya language is no more like
the Maya language of five or ten thousand years ago than the English
of today is like that of five hundred years ago. The Maya language
of today is very much like the English language, made up of various
other languages that are intertwined with the original, these
changes being brought about by conquests. Much Aztec and Nahuatl has
been added to the original Maya.
The original language was, without doubt, very contracted and short
of words, so that one word had many meanings. As far as I have been
able to decipher ancient writings, I should say that the meaning of
a word would somewhat depend on its position in a sentence and how
the word was accented when it consisted of more than one syllable.
For instance, the Maya word ma means "mother," "earth" and
"country." In the Egyptian, the word ma also means "mother," "earth"
and "country"; but when prefixed to nouns, verbs or adjectives, it
is the sign of negation. This also occurs in the Greek and Cingalese
To show how the ancient Maya words had more than one meaning, I have
selected a few from Brasseur's translations:
Be, to go, to leave, to walk, to move, to progress.
Chi, a mouth, an opening, a
border, an edging.
Ka, the soul, barriers, sediments, anything ejected.
Kaachac, exceedingly, abundant, plentiful.
Kab, a hand, an arm, a branch, anything extending.
Kak, to finish, a fire, to burn, to destroy.
Kul, to worship, the seal, the rump.
Lal, to empty, to take away, to dispose of.
Nij a point, a ridge, a summit, a mountain.
On-onx, circular, whirling, whirlpool, a tornado.
Pad, a break, an opening, to open.
Ta, where, a place, smooth, ground, level ground.
Tan, towards, near, before, in the center.
Tel, deep, depth, bottom, abyss.
Zi, cold, frozen, vapor, smoke.
Ha, water, moisture.
Pe, come, from, out
On account of the ancient words having so many meanings, it becomes
an exceedingly difficult task to translate the ancient writings and
inscriptions so as to convey in modern language the thoughts of the
Although the general meaning may be set forth, I doubt
whether the exact meaning in all details is ever obtained.
Translations are, to a great extent, dependent upon the temperament
of the translator. If, for instance, he has an Oriental mind, his
translations will be figurative, flowery and often exaggerated;
whereas, if the translator be of a phlegmatic nature, his
translations are apt to be of a cold, blunt, abrupt, curtailed
THE FOUR GENII
The Four Genii is another ancient conception.
They are found in all
histories and traditions of the Creation. Hitherto their origin has
been untraceable. The Mexican tablets, however, give their complete
history and origin.
As heretofore shown, there were Four Great Primary Forces that by
command of the Great Creator carried out creation, and when creation
was completed these Four Great Forces were given charge of the
Physical Universe. The very, very ancients called them "The Four
Pillars of Heaven"; that is, they sustained and upheld the creations
that had been completed. The very, very ancients had another
meaning: their expression "Pillars of Heaven" meant Pillars of Him
who dwells in Heaven.
The ancient symbol for the earth was a square.
The square has four
Then the conception came that Heaven was sustained by the Four
Pillars which were resting on the four corners of the earth.
carry out some form of symbology - what, I do not know - each pillar
had a keeper appointed to take charge of it These keepers were
called the Four Genii.
Kan Bacab, the Yellow Bacab, placed in the South.
Chac Bacab, the
Red Bacab, placed in the East.
Zac Bacab, the White Bacab, placed in
Ek Bacab, the Black Bacab, placed in the South.
According to the Egyptian there were Four Genii of Amenti, one
placed at each cardinal point.
Amset, the genius at the cardinal point in the East.
genius at the cardinal point in the West.
Tesautmutf, the genius at
the cardinal point in the North.
Quabsenuf, the genius at the
cardinal point in the South.
The Four Protecting Genii of the human race, as believed in by the
Chaldeans, were; Sed-Alap, or Kirub, represented as a bull with a
Lamas or Nigal, represented as a lion with a man's head.
Ustar, after the human likeness.
Nattig, represented with the head of an eagle.
Four gods or genii who presided at the four cardinal points:
Indra, the King of Heaven,
placed in the East
Varouna, the God of Waters,
placed in the West
Rouvera, the God of Wealth,
placed in the North
Yama. the Judge of the Dead,
placed in the South
The four mountains, Tse-Yo, of the Chinese four quarters of the
globe (as they were wont to designate their country) are:
Tai-Tsong, being the Yo of the
Saing-Fou, being the Yo of the
Chen-Si, being the Yo of the
How-Kowang, being the Yo of the South
The conception of the four gods, pillars or genii, or whatever they
may be termed, was not entirely rejected by the Jews.
is no mention of them in the books written by Moses, that is no
criterion, because some of the books written by Moses were lost, and
the reference to the four cardinal points may have been in one of
the lost books.
Later we see the conception among the Jews in
Ezekiel 1: 10
"They four had a face of a man, the face of a lion,
the face of an ox and the face of an eagle."
And in 10:14
first face was that of a cherub, the second that of a man, the third
that of a lion and the fourth that of an eagle."
The foregoing is given as a vision of Ezekiel. At the time he wrote
these lines he was a captive among the Chaldeans.
Let me compare his
vision with the Chaldean creed, which had been in existence for
thousands of years, because these conceptions came from the
Motherland, either through the Caucasian colony or through the
Naacals from India.
Chaldean. Four Genii. Human face, bull, lion, eagle.
Ezekiel. Four beasts: Man, ox, lion, eagle.
If Ezekiel's vision was not an embellishment of the Chaldean creed I
should like to know what it was.
Four of these very beasts are now
in the British Museum, having been brought there from the ruins of
Nineveh. Ezekiel was without question familiar with them, as they
were among the common architectural adornments of prominent
The Triune Godhead
The conception of a Trinity or Triune Godhead
has been handed down to us from the beginning of man.
preserved in the works of the philosophers, and is still held sacred
by many, among them the Christians and the Brahmins.
The ancient symbol for the Trinity was one of the oldest of the
sacred symbols - the Equilateral Triangle.
Whenever or wherever this
symbol is found, in any form of record or inscription, it is either
in reference to, or represents, the ancient Trinity and Heaven.
The equilateral triangle representing the Trinity is
constantly found among the temple carvings of Yucatan. I have,
however, been unable satisfactorily to determine the original names
of the Maya Triune Godhead.
Le Plongeon and others have given sets
of three, and even five, which form the full Godhead, but to me all
of them appear incorrect from the fact that names are given of
people who lived tens of thousands of years after the Triune Godhead
"All that exists is the work of Tzkol the
Creator, who, by his will, caused the universe to spring into
existence; and whose names are Bitol the maker; Alom the engenderer
and Quhalom, he who gives being."
Tzkol is shown as the collective
"The Incas of Peru worshiped a mighty unseen Being who they
believed had created all things, for which reason they called him Pacha-Camac - he being
incomprehensible. They did not present Him
under any shape or name.
"Pacha-Camac stood at the head of a trinity composed of Himself,
Pacha-Camac, Con and Uiracocha."
In the "Sri Santara" of the Hindus the Great Aum, the
"nameless," is figured as a trinity by the equilateral triangle.
In the Hindu book "Niroukta" it is three times affirmed that,
are three gods only, and that these three gods designate one Sole
"The Gods are three only."
"Pradjapati, or, as He is sometimes called, Mahatma, the Lord of all
Creatures, is the collective God."
The Chaldeans symbolized "Ensoph the Great Light" as a
trinity, by the equilateral triangle.
The Triune Godhead of the Egyptians consisted of "Shu,
Set and Horus."
Plato and Orpheus refer to the trinity as three kings -
"Phanes, Ouranos and Kronos."
Proclus asserts that,
"the Demiurgos or Creator is triple. The three
component parts of the Deity are three intellects or kings - He who
exists, He who possesses, and He who beholds."
Pythagoras taught his disciples that God was "numbers and harmony."
He caused them to honor numbers and the equilateral triangle with
the name of God.
We see in the ancient Catholic churches, over
the main altar, an equilateral triangle, and within it an eye.
addition of the eye to the triangle originated in Egypt - "the all
seeing eye of Osiris." For many years I searched in India, trying to
find out the origin of the conception of the Trinity. I traced it
back to the Motherland - without finding its origin.
talking about it with my old Hindu friend, he said:
"There is a
legend about it; it may be truth or it may be a myth; I cannot say.
The legend tells that the Motherland consisted of three lands, that
each land was raised by a separate god, so that it took three gods
to raise the whole continent; but that the three gods were only one
after all, all being joined together like the sides of a triangle."
I shall say to you as my dear old friend said to me,
"It may be the
truth, or it may be a myth; I cannot say."
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