A find of Bashkir scientists contraries to traditional
notions of human history: stone slab which is 120 million years
covered with the relief map of Ural Region.
This is a real relief map. Today military has almost similar maps.
The map contains civil engineering works: a system of channels with a length of about 12,000 km, weirs, powerful dams. Not far from the channels, diamond-shaped grounds are shown, whose destination is unknown.
The map also contains some inscriptions. Even numerous inscriptions. At first, the scientists thought that was Old Chinese language. Though, it turned out that the subscriptions were done in a hieroglyphic-syllabic language of unknown origin. The scientists never managed to read it.
"The more I learn the more I understand that I know nothing" the doctor of physical and mathematical science, professor of Bashkir State University, Alexander Chuvyrov admits. Namely Chuvyrov made that sensational find. Already in 1995, the professor and his post-graduate student from China Huan Hun decided to study the hypothesis of possible migration of Old Chinese population to the territory of Siberia and Ural.
In an expedition to Bashkiria, they found several rock carvings done in Old Chinese language. These finds confirmed the hypothesis of Chinese migrants. The subscriptions were read. They mostly contained information about trade bargains, marriage and death registration.
Though, during the searches, notes dated the 18th century were found in archives of Ufa governor-general. They reported about 200 unusual stone slabs which were situated not far from the Chandar village, Nurimanov Region. Chuvyrov and his colleague at once decided that slabs could be connected with Chinese migrants.
Archive notes also reported that in 17th-18th centuries, expeditions of Russian scientists who investigated Ural Region had studied 200 white slabs with signs and patterns, while in early 20th century, archaeologist A.Schmidt also had seen some white slabs in Bashkiria.
This made the scientist start the search. In 1998, after having formed a team of his students, Chuvyrov launched the work.
He hired a helicopter, and the first expedition carried a flying around of the places where the slabs were supposed to be. Though, despite all efforts, the ancient slabs were not found. Chuvyrov was very upset and even thought the slabs were just a beautiful legend.
The luck was unexpected. During one of Chuvyrov´s trips to the village, ex-chairman of the local agricultural council, Vladimir Krainov, came to him (apropos, in the house of Krainov´s father, archaeologist Schmidt once staid) and said:
At first, I did not took that report seriously, - Chuvyrov told. Though, I decided to go to that yard to see it.
I remember this day
exactly: July 21, 1999. Under the porch of the house, the slab with
some dents lied. The stab was so heavy that we together could not
take it out. So I went to the city of Ufa,
to ask for help.
The find was called "Dashka´s stone" (in honor of Alexander Chuvyrov´s granddaughter born the day before it) and transported to the university for investigation.
After the slab was cleaned of earth, the scientists
could not entrust to their eyes... At first sight, - Chuvyrov
says, - I understood that was not a simple stone piece, but a real
map, and not a simple map, but a three-dimensional. You can see it
At first, we could not imagine the map was so ancient. Happily, relief of today´s Bashkiria has not changed so much within millions of years. We could identify Ufa Height, while Ufa Canyon is the main point of our proofs, because we carried out geological studies and found its track where it must be according to the ancient map.
Displacement of the canyon happened because of tectonic stabs which moved from East.
The group of Russian and Chinese specialists in the field of cartography, physics, mathematics, geology, chemistry, and Old Chinese language managed to precisely find out that the slab contains the map of Ural region, with rivers Belya, Ufimka, Sutolka, Alexander Chuvyrov said while showing the lines on the stone to the journalists.
You can see Ufa Canyon
the break of the earth's crust, stretched out from the city of
Ufa to the city of Sterlitimak. At the moment, Urshak River runs
over the former canyon. The map is done on a scale 1 : 1.1 km.
At first, the scientists supposed that the ancient map could have been made by the ancient Chinese, because of vertical inscriptions on the map. As well known, vertical literature was used in Old Chinese language before 3rd century.
To check his supposition, professor Chuvyrov visited Chinese empire library. Within 40 minutes he could spend in the library according to the permission he looked through several rare books, though no one of them contained literature similar to that one on the slab.
After the meeting with his colleagues from Hunan university, he completely gave up the version about "Chinese track".
The scientist concluded that
porcelain covering the slab had never been used in China. Although
all the efforts to decipher the inscriptions were fruitless, it was
found out that the literature had hieroglyphic-syllabic character.
Chuvyrov, however, states he has deciphered one sign on the map:
it signifies latitude of today's city of Ufa.
In comparison with that irrigative system, Volga-Don Channel looks like a scratch on the today's relief. As a physicist, Alexander Chuvyrov supposes that now mankind can build only a small part of what is pictured on the map. According to the map, initially, Belaya River had an artificial river-bed.
It was difficult to determine even an approximate age of the slab. At first, radiocarbonic analysis was carried out, afterwards levels of stab were scanned with uranium chronometer, though the investigations showed different results and the age of the slab remained unclear. While examining the stone, two shells were found on its surface.
The age of one of them Navicopsina munitus of Gyrodeidae family - is about 500 million years old, while of the second one Ecculiomphalus princeps of Ecculiomphalinae subfamily - is about 120 million years old. Namely that age was accepted as a "working version".
The map was probably created at the time when the Earth magnetic pole situated in the today's area of Franz Josef Land, while this was exactly 120 million years ago, - professor Chuvyrov says. The map we have is beyond of traditional perception of mankind and we need a long time to get used to it.
We have got used to our miracle. At first we thought that the stone was about 3,000 years.
Though, that age was gradually growing, till we identified the shells ingrained in the stone to sign some objects. Though, who could guarantee that the shell was alive while being ingrained in the map? The map's creator probably used a petrified find.
What could be the destination of the map? That is probably the most interesting thing. Materials of the Bashkir find were already investigated in Centre of Historical Cartography in Wisconsin, USA. The Americans were amazed. According to them, such three-dimensional map could have only one destination, a navigational one, while it could be worked out only through aerospace survey.
Moreover, namely now in the US, work is being carried out at creation of world three-dimensional map like that. Though, the Americans intend to complete the work only to 2010.
The question is that while compiling such three-dimensional map, it is necessary to work over too many figures.
So, who then did created this map?
speaking about the unknown cartographers, is wary: I do not like
talks about some UFO and extraterrestrial. Let us call
the author of the map simply "the creator".
According to some hypothesis, there were totally 348 fragments like that. The other fragments could be probably somewhere near there. In outskirts of Chandar, the scientists took over 400 samples of soil and found out that the whole map had been most likely situated in the gorge of Sokolinaya Mountain (Falcon Mountain). Though, during the glacial epoch it was tore to pieces.
But if the scientists manage to gather the "mosaic", the map should have an approximate seize of 340 x 340 m.
After having studied the archive
Chuvyrov ascertained approximate place where four pieces could be
situated: one could lie under one house in Chandar,
the other under the house of merchant Khasanov, the
third under one of the village baths, the fourth under
the bridge's pier of the local narrow-gauge railway.
Probably somebody, who saw the stab wanted to copy the relief.
Though, who and why?