by Andy Lloyd

January 2004 - January 2005

from DarkStar Website

Spanish version












Part 1

January 2004



The secret knowledge of the Dark Star appears to be widespread within esoteric literature, as I have discovered over the last few years.


It often takes the form of an anomalous symbol connected with 7 stars, and featured as a counterpart to the Sun and Moon (1). Sometimes, the Dark Star is described in words, as a 'true' Sun that is more significant than the Sun itself:


For instance, the Persian and, later, Roman cult of Mithras:

"It thus appears that the Mithraists somehow believed in the existence of two suns: one represented by the figure of the sun god, and the other by Mithras himself as the "unconquered sun".


It is thus of great interest to note that the Mithraists were not alone in believing in the existence of two suns, for we find in platonic circles the concept of the existence of two suns, one being the normal astronomical sun and the other being a so-called "hypercosmic" sun located beyond the sphere of the fixed stars." (2)




The fourth book of Zecharia Sitchin's Earth Chronicles, entitled 'The Lost Realms' (1990), deals with South American and Meso-American evidence for the existence of the Anunnaki.


He argues that early Sumerian myths transferred to South America with the migration of the Anunnaki themselves, who were celebrated by later indigenous peoples there as their ancient gods.


Included in this are symbolic references to the Winged Disc:

"Tribal beliefs... held that at the very beginning there was an Olden God, creator of All Things, of the Heaven and of the Earth, whose abode was in the highest heaven, the twelfth heaven:


"And the Toltecs knew that many are the heavens.
They said there are twelve superimposed divisions;
There dwells the true god and his consort.
He is the Celestial God, Lord of Duality;
His consort is lady of Duality, Celestial lady.
This is what it means.
He is king, he is lord, above the twelve heavens.


"This amazingly sounds like a rendering of Mesopotamian celestial-religious beliefs, according to which the head of the pantheon was called Anu ("Lord of Heaven") and who, with his consort Antu ("Lady of Heaven") resided on the outermost planet, the twelfth member of our Solar System. The Sumerians depicted it as a radiating planet whose symbol was the cross.


The symbol was thereafter adopted by all the peoples of the ancient world and evolved to the ubiquitous emblem of the Winged Disc. Quetzalcoatl's shield and symbols depicted on early Mexican monuments are uncannily similar." (3)

The civilizations of Central and South America do not appear to have been as ancient as those of Mesopotamia and Egypt, but there is plenty of evidence to suggest that some cross-pollination of culture occurred, possibly via such sea-faring nations as the Phoenicians, or even the Sumerians.


As amazing as it may seem, some artifacts that have been unearthed in Bolivia, in the vicinity of Lake Titicaca, are inlaid with cuneiform script that seems to be of Proto-Sumerian extraction (4).


This has lead some scholars to seek a controversial link between the Mesopotamian culture 5000 years ago and South America.

We may never know for sure whether there is a basis for historical fact here, partly because of the almost wholesale destruction of the indigenous cultures by the Conquistadores, and partly because of the potential for hoaxed archeological finds.


Little has remained to enlighten academics and archeologists about the early mythological sources, and controversial archeological finds that run against the grain of orthodox thought tend to be side-lined or ignored by academics keen to maintain their credibility.


Then there was the purging of the Church...


The genocide that took part in those early days of European colonial conquest ran in parallel with a purist drive to eradicate ancient pagan knowledge. Even if the ancients of South and Central America knew of Nibiru, how could we find out?

Certainly, many wonderful monuments remain, and archeologists have uncovered an advanced dating system suggestive of high learning, particularly among the Mayans.


Researchers like Richard Day have carried out interesting archeo-astronomical studies to determine whether hidden knowledge of Nibiru can be found in the layout of the monuments themselves, particularly those of Teotihuacan (5).


The intricate and accurate dating systems, combined with the Mayan 'Ages', are suggestive of thinking on a Cosmic scale, possibly incorporating prophecy of catastrophism from the sky.



This Mayan stella shows a fiery god embracing the Sun.


It has all the hallmarks of a Winged Disc whose identity is evidently not solar in origin.


What is most telling, perhaps, is the necklace of seven orbs hanging from the head of the Mayan god.


The combined symbolism is strongly suggestive of the visible Nibiru interacting with the Sun in some way.


Does this imagery help to explain the famous Mayan Ages?



The renowned author of Central American myth, Maurice Cotterell, has investigated whether these Ages may be connected with great Solar cycles of about 3750 years (6).


This brings the phenomenon within reach of the orbit of the Dark Star: Sitchin approximates to 3600 years for his Nibiru, and I have suggested the inter-calendrical period of 3760 years for my Dark Star.


All of which is suggestive of an cosmic time-period lying at the heart of ancient religious thinking. I shall explore this link in more detail in my forthcoming book 'Binary Companion'.

What is missing is a direct mythological reference to the Dark Star amongst the remaining archaeological evidence. Was such direct evidence lost, or did it never exist in the first place?

Encouraging information has been passed to me by Lee Covino. He spotted an interesting drawing of an Incan altar piece that had been destroyed by the Spaniards in Cusco, Peru.

Cusco was the capital city of the Incan Empire and was heavily looted by the Conquistadores. After the destruction an attempt was made to understand what the Incas were worshipping at the 'Coricancha' in Cusco.


It was decided that the temple was dedicated to the Sun, based upon the accounts of several Europeans at the time, many who happened to be Dominican friars.


Graham Hancock quotes Garcilaso de la Vega:

"What we shall call the high altar, although this expression did not exist among the Indians, was to the east, and the roof, which was very high, was of wood, covered with straw.


The four walls were hung with plaques of gold, from top to bottom, and a likeness of the Sun topped the high altar.


This likeness was made of a gold plaque twice as thick as those that paneled the walls, and was composed of a round face, prolonged by rays and flames... the whole thing was so immense that it occupied the entire back wall of the temple." (7)

And so Coricancha became known to Westerners as the Temple of the Sun.


The implication was that the 'Indians' were simple Sun-worshippers, and the wholesale looting and destruction of their iconography prevented any questions being raised.


Awfully convenient. I wonder whether the Dominicans had found imagery that they immediately recognized as heretical in their own cultural environ, and set about purging it utterly...

Coricancha was not just a repository for a vast amount of wealth. It also acted as an observatory, containing markers that enabled the Inca priests to predict eclipses, solstices and equinoxes (8)


There is clearly more to this temple than Sun-worship.

This is where the paper that Lee found makes for very interesting reading. In it, the researcher
Jan Sammer, who has worked with Velikovsky in the past, argues that the conclusion that Coricancha was a Solar Temple is mistaken, and should have been completely dismissed over 100 years ago:

"...There was little reason to doubt the reality of an all-important solar cult in Tawantinsuyu [The Incan Empire]. But a little over a century ago a series of momentous literary discoveries changed this situation very materially.


In 1873 Clemens R. Markham, in the course of a survey of some of the collections of Madrid's Biblioteca Nacional, lighted upon a previously unknown sixteenth-century manuscript entitled "Relacion de antiguedades deste reyno de Piru".


Its author, an Aymara Indian named Pachacuti Sallkamaywa, was from a noble family, newly converted to Catholicism.

"Until the publication of Juan Pachacuti's manuscript a century ago we lacked the evidence that could decisively counter the unanimous opinion of the various chroniclers that the Temple of Viracocha was dedicated to the Sun.


However, Pachacuti included in his manuscript a rough drawing of the altar of that temple. The altar itself had destroyed soon after the conquest.


This representation is crucial for an understanding of the cult of the Coricancha and, thus in Tawantinsuyu as a whole." (9)

See report HERE.





The golden disc is shaped in a distinctly oblong shape, and is separate from the self-evident Sun-disc.


We also have a complex set of celestial symbols of which the Sun is simply one of several. The elliptical disc appears to be part of a celestial Trinity.


This is hardly the hall-mark of a major Solar Cult among the Inca peoples.

So if Coricancha was not dedicated to the Sun, then what did the Incas devote their golden temple to? In the centre of the diagram of the High Altar is a massive golden ellipse.


To either side of it are the Sun and Moon, and depictions of Venus as the Morning and Evening Star.


The ellipse is surmounted by a cross of stars, and further stars lie below it. This celestial scene focuses upon the ellipse as the all-important source of the Universe in the form of the god Viracocha.


Sammer then goes on to argue that this ellipse signifies the 'true Sun' of the Inca, a phrase we have heard before...

"As to the disk itself, Pachacuti describes it thus: "Dicen que fue imagen del Hacedor del verdadero sol, del sol llamado Viracochan pachayachachiy" - "They say that it was the image of the Creator of the true sun, of the sun called Viracochan pachayachachiy."


Viracochan pachayachachiy is usually translated as "Viracocha, Ruler of the Entire Earth." ... Viracocha is called the "true sun" ... to distinguish him from our familiar luminary." (9)

Does the elliptical disc that was the centre-point of the Inca religion point to a quite different 'true sun'? Might this heretical religious belief be the true meaning of the widespread devastation of the indigenous culture by the Conquistadores?

Let us say that a similar heresy was practiced in Europe at the time by secret cults already persecuted by the Church.


If the Spaniards then came across an 'Indian' people in South America who independently lavished their remarkable wealth on such iconography, would that idea not return to Europe to reinforce the cross-cultural truth of that heresy?


What better course to take than to destroy the temple, melt down the gold and declare the ravished remains a 'solar' cult so that no further questions could be asked.

"Pachacuti does not tell us explicitly what was the "Sun called Viracochan pachayachachi" only that it was not our Sun, which he designates as Inti. The solution to this puzzle will obviously provide us with a most important clue to the real cult of Tawantinsuyu." (9)

See report HERE.


Sammer goes on to argue that the symbolism is meant to depict Saturn, but I think this is unlikely. Is the ellipse and cross of stars a representation of the Dark Star? Without a more detailed examination of the High Altar it is difficult for me to say.


We know that Nibiru's orbit is highly elliptical, and that it is symbolically connected with a celestial cross.


There's every chance that this diagram indicates that the Incas were aware of the Dark Star and its return to our solar system.


If Sitchin is correct about the Anunnaki's love of gold then we have a further connection with the rich contents of Coricancha, the 'golden enclosure'. It is a fascinating possibility.




1.  A. Lloyd 'Winged Disc' 2001 Available from the author: 

2.  D. Ulansey 'Mithras and the Hypercosmic Sun' 

3.  Z. Sitchin 'The Lost Realms' p29, Avon 1990

4. "Fuente Magna - Rosetta Stone of the Americas"

5.  R. Day 'Nibiru Planet X: Evidence from Antiquity' 1998

6.  M. Cotterell & A. Gilbert 'The Mayan Prophecies' Appendix 4, Element 1995

7.  G. Hancock & Santha Faiia 'Heaven's Mirror: Quest for the Lost Civilization' p277, Penguin 1998


9.  J. Sammer 'The Cosmology of Tawantinsuyu'






Part 2

August 2004 and January 2005



Other anomalous finds from Peru add fuel to this celestial fire. Kathy Doore is a researcher who has travelled to Peru many times in connection with the Ica Stones, and runs the website (2).


Some time ago she sent me some images of an example of an Ica Stone that appeared to show anomalous celestial phenomena that could well be related to a previous appearance of Nibiru.


If these carved river stones are authentic in displaying the artwork of an ancient people inhabiting the lands of Peru, then this is certainly strong evidence.


But I was cautious initially, because other Ica Stones (and there are literally tens of thousands of them) show dinosaurs and such like. It all seemed a little far-fetched.


This image shows an Andean silver headdress said to depict a 'warrior flanked by two dragons' (5).


Note the 7 discs creating a necklace around the warrior's neck (the one to the far right is damaged).


If one takes the dragons to be fiery wings flanking a central disc (and the warrior's face is clearly spherical) then we can see the classic Winged Disc imagery emerge here.

This is Dark Star symbolism, made all the more poignant by the inclusion of the seven discs; showing the seven orbiting moons, two of which are major, five minor.


The two major moon discs correspond to the uraei of the Egyptian Winged Discs.


The primary investigator of the Ica Stones was the late Dr Javier Cabrera.


He set about trying to collect, catalogue and analyze patterns among the Stones, obtaining them for practically nothing from Peruvians who claimed that they had excavated them.


Archaeological digs must be permitted officially in Peru, and this led to certain problems of authenticating the finds when the Peruvian media became involved:

some of the people who were original sources of the Ica Stones changed their stories when pressed by the authorities and claimed to have created the tens of thousands of stones over the course of several years.

The matter of the Ica Stones had already been dismissed by academic archaeologists in general, and now was firmly debunked by the media.


Despite this, there remains a fascination for them. This is probably because the accusation of 'fraud' flies in the face of common sense.


There are up to 50,000 of these stones in private collections around the globe; the process of creating them would have amounted to an industrial scale output.


Yet they have always been worth next to nothing individually, and for many years languished in rubbish piles in the Ica museum.


Furthermore, there was scientific evidence to suggest that the engravings were indeed old, and certainly not contemporary, as the frustrated Dr Cabrera explained:

"On January 28, 1969 I received word from Eric Wolf that the results of the laboratory analysis conducted by a Professor Frenchen and his assistants at the University of Bonn were available.


The stones were andesite and were covered by a patina or film of natural oxidation which also covered the etchings, permitting one to deduce that they are very old.

"In view of the fact that the patina of oxidation that covered the stones proved the general but not precise antiquity of the engravings, and in view of the fact that precision could only be had by using the comparative methods of stratigraphy and paleontology, I requested authorization in April 1970 from the Patronato Nacionial de Arqueologia to carry out excavations in the appropriate zone.


This institution alone had the power to authorize such excavations. On July 16, 1970, my request was refused. Thus the only means of dating the Engraved Stones of Ica was closed to me." (2)

In addition, several Ica Stones were discovered in unearthed tombs in the Ica region by archeologists in the 1960s, self-evidently authenticating these particular stones and bringing into question the almost universal dismissal of the Ica Stones in general:

"In 1968, the archeologist Pezzia Assereto, who had accompanied Agurto Calvo, published a book on the archeology of the province of Ica, in which he makes note of the discovery:

"Agurto was able after several attempts to find an engraved stone inside a tomb in the sector of Toma Luz of the Hacienda Callango del Valle in Ica on 20 August 1966...


After informing the Museo Regional of Ica of such an important find, Agurto and I made another excavation on 11 September of the same year, in the hill called Uhle of the sector of La Banda in the Hacienda Ocucaje, and we found for the first time an engraved stone inside a tomb of the Paracas culture, a thing I was not expecting, but which proved, by association, the authenticity of these artifacts". (2)

Even so, things are rarely black and white. It is entirely possible that even if there are original, ancient Ica Stones dug out of the ground or found in tombs, there may also be a large body of faked Stones created by some of the locals hoping to cash in on the find.


In which case, how does one determine which of them are genuine and which are faked, and how does one draw any firm conclusions from the body of Stones as a whole?


A similar predicament presents itself when assessing the Crop Circles prevalent each year in the English countryside; no one thinks they are all 'genuine', but some researchers consider it likely that some crop circles are truly anomalous.


This complex picture seems plausible, so we must tread carefully when similarly considering the Ica Stones.


Comparing Winged Discs from around the Globe:

a)   South American

b)   Toltec

c)   Aztec

d)   Mayan

e)   Babylonian

f)    Egyptian

g)   Iranian

  From "Atlantis: The Seven Seals" by Zoltan Andrew Simon (1983).(8) With thanks to Greg Jenner


If entirely genuine, the Ica Stones present a massive body of ancient scientific knowledge in the realms of astronomy, medicine, cartography, biology, and technology and natural history.


So it is little wonder that the authenticity of these myriad stones has been called into question.


Dr Cabrera's most explosive claim was that depictions showing men alongside dinosaurs indicated that the stones emanated from the very remote past, and that mankind lived during the era of the dinosaurs. This rather incredulous claim probably banged a few more nails into the coffin of the Ica Stones; it certainly would not have endeared his efforts to academia.

Yet others have also suggested such a possibility.


For example, on the fossilized bed of the Paluxy River in Texas the so-called 'Taylor Trail' of human footprints is crossed over by prints of a three-toes dinosaur. The ancient rock at this site is dated to over 100 million years (3).


Fossilized footprints have been discovered in deep mines, indicating human antiquity well beyond the current estimates. Conversely, other relics from the ancient past, like the 5000 year old Egyptian 'Palette of Narmer' seem to show dinosaurs interacting with people (3).

This area of research is a fascinating one, though somewhat beyond the scope of this essay. However, I think one should be careful about assuming that a body of knowledge of dinosaurs among ancient peoples might indicate either remote human existence or the contemporary anomalous existence of such 'live' creatures.


There is another possibility.





The supposed existence of a destroyed civilization pre-dating Egypt and Sumer falls into two categories:

the fabled existence of Atlantis, as described by Plato, and the intervention of space-faring gods, or 'ancient astronauts'.

Both schools of thought have a spectrum of advocates, (and many detractors), and both theories call for advanced technology and scientific knowledge among a lost ancient people in both cases.

Traces of that knowledge are thought to have passed down by oral tradition, anomalous material evidence and through the careful and detailed construction of ancient monuments.

It seems eminently plausible to me that a working scientific knowledge of remote Natural History of our Earth would have been understood by either Atlanteans or, even more likely, the Anunnaki.


In the case of the latter, the Anunnaki are described as having a keen interest in mining for gold (4), beginning in Africa and probably extending to South America.


It does not seem beyond the realm of possibility that dinosaur bones were excavated, studied and perhaps collected.


Thus, a technologically advanced race of humans in antiquity may have known of the dinosaurs, and that knowledge may have filtered down to ancient peoples after the Cataclysm through dragon-based myths and the like.

Perhaps, then, the Ica Stones were created by ancient Peruvian peoples based upon an inherited knowledge of the Earth's Natural History.


We could then rule out the existence of dinosaurs still roaming the Earth in living memory (which seems unlikely, although not entirely impossible) and the idea, promulgated unsuccessfully by Dr Cabrera, that the Ica Stones stand as a unique testament to the very remote existence of humanity many millions of years ago.






So what of the particular example highlighted by the researcher Kathy Doore, shown above?


If they are genuine, ancient Ica Stones created by the indigenous people of Peru hundreds, possibly thousands of years ago, then do they point to the existence of the 'True Sun of the Incas'?


This Ica Stone has several fascinating features. Firstly, the Andeans pictured appear to be looking up at the heavens using telescopes. One would imagine this to be utterly impossible for the ancient Incas; a certain mark of fakery surely?

Well, things are never quite as straightforward as they first appear. Robert Temple, the author of 'The Sirius Mystery', wrote a book about the unrecognized collections of ancient lenses in various museum collections around the world, entitled 'The Crystal Sun' (6).


The lenses had been discovered by archeologists for generations and dutifully handed over to disinterested antiquarians for display in various museums.


His book makes a strong case for the widespread use of lens in the ancient world, and even proposes the use of telescopes, as can be seen from the shard of Greek pottery that adorns the front cover of his book (click image right).

Temple does not describe examples from South America, but there are famous examples of worked rock crystal from Meso-America.


I have in mind, of course, the Mitchell-Hedges Crystal Skulls. (click image left)

It is not a big leap from these incredible artifacts to working rock crystal into lenses to be used by the Incas, and thus featuring on an Ica Stone.

Furthermore, tantalizing evidence for the existence of ancient lenses in South America is recorded by Harold T. Wilkins in 1945. Wilkins was born in 1891 in my own home city of Gloucester, and may even have attended the same grammar school there.


During his extensive researches in South America before World War II he met Señor Muñoz, a haciendero who owned an estate on the seashore not far from Guayaquil, Ecuador.


Harold Wilkins relates this remarkable tale, alluding to the possibility of the finds being linked to a lost continent in the Pacific Ocean:

"He [Señor Muñoz] set a diver to fish up statuettes from a drowned and very ancient city lying under water just off shore. The diver came up with artistic statuettes of men and women whose hair was dressed in very Egyptian fashion!


They had the same curiously long slanted eyes as you find in frescoes in the tombs of the Pharoahs. On their breasts were jewels carved in stone.


The dead and ancient civilization must have been very, very old; for some of the statuettes are pornographic – a sign that the makers are of a race that has lapsed from a higher state of culture.

"As said Muñoz to me:

'Señor Wilkins, it may amaze you to hear that every race in the world is represented in these statuettes, so incredibly ancient, found under water by my diver.


There are Aryans, Semites, Caucasians, and even a race remarkably like the modern Japanese! The race had seals like prisms, covered with hieroglyphs. Also, I have found ancient convex lenses, under water, there, and also reflectors.


They were made of obsidian… they must have been scientific opticians, even astronomers'." (7)

So perhaps we would do well to keep an open mind on the potential for ancient optical technology in the Andes.


Of course, this is not the only remarkable feature of Kathy's Ica Stone. The centre-point of the heavens pictured on the stone is an odd-shaped feature, not unlike an upturned boat! Perhaps a celestial barge, like the ones often featured by the ancient Egyptians? This celestial barge is accompanied by clouds, meteors and stars.


Additionally, below the celestial canopy is a huge comet.

But note that the Andeans are not pointing their telescopes at the great comet, as one might expect. Instead, they are looking at that celestial barge.


So I wonder whether the 'celestial barge' is the return of the Dark Star Nibiru, surrounded by its halos and companion 'stars' (really moons). If so, then telescopes are evidently required to see the heavenly apparition, which is itself interesting.


A point I shall pursue in my new book 'Binary Companion', (which I hope to finish one of these days...)


The lower and rather prominent 'comet', or sizeable meteor, is perhaps a sign of danger; the potential for a catastrophe associated with the return of Nibiru.

Perhaps this is portending the end of an Age when the 'True Sun' returns?

Of course, this all rather depends upon the authenticity of the Ica Stones in the first place, and this is not a question that will be answered soon, if ever.


Archeologists have no interest in these stones whatsoever, having assumed from the start that they must be fake.


But the context of this particular Ica Stone is certainly consistent with a body of evidence about the Dark Star, the 'True Sun', that is continuing to build from various sources, both mythological and scientific.




Update 12/1/05
A Peruvian Binary Circle

Greg Jenner has come across an example of a binary sun circle at Sillustani in Peru that presumably pre-dates the Incas. The circles are of unequal size with the largest circumscribed by a platform of hewn stones.


This larger circle also has a single upright stone placed within it, as described in an account by E.G. Squier in 'American Naturalist (1870):

"In connection with the group of chulpas at Sillustani (click below map), or rather on the same promontory on which these occur, are found a number of such Sun-circles, which seem strangely to have escaped the notice of travellers.


The tradition of their original purpose is preserved in the Quichua name they still bear of Intihuatana, 'where the sun is tied up'.





"Some of these circles are more elaborate than others, as shown in the engraving, from which it will be seen that while the one nearest the spectator is constructed of simple upright stones, set in the ground; the second one is surrounded by a platform of stones more or less hewn and fitted together.


The first circle is about 90' in diameter; the second about 150' (below image), and has a single erect stone standing in the relative position I have already indicated.


A remarkable feature in the larger circle is a groove cut in the platform around it, deep enough to receive a ship's cable." (9)




It seems peculiar that there should be 2 suns denoted by these circles.


If this is an example of an early observatory, like Stonehenge in England or the Medicine Wheels of North America, then one would expect a single circle, with the interior standing stone acting as a viewing marker. Two circles logically imply two suns; a binary star system that was understood by the ancient Peruvians.


Remarkably, a similar binary solar circle can be found at Avebury in England (below image).





I have scant information about these standing stones, but it seems logical that the single stone within the larger circle is an archeo-astronomical marker of some kind. However, a further possibility exists.

In a binary system the centre of gravity of the solar system would be shifted away from the exact centre of the Sun. Does this stone provide an approximate location for the centre of the solar system, thus enabling us to ascertain the approximate whereabouts of a sub-brown dwarf companion?


Whether or not this is the case, the fact that such a binary solar circle exists in Peru is further supportive evidence that the ancient people of this area maintained a tradition of knowledge that is now, perhaps, lost:

a secret knowledge of Nibiru...




2) K. Doore (Ed); 'Excerpts from "The Message of the Engraved Stones of Ica" by Javier Cabrera'

3) M. Baigent "Ancient Traces" pp18-20, Penguin 1998

4) Z. Sitchin "The 12th Planet" Avon 1976

5) A. Cotterell (Ed) "Encyclopedia of World Mythology" PP294-9 Parragon 1999

6) R. Temple "The Crystal Sun" Century 2000

7) H.T. Wilkins "Mysteries of Ancient South America" pp19-20, Rider & Co, London 1945

8) Zoltan Andrew Simon 'Atlantis: The Seven Seals.' Robinson Expeditions Publishing in Vancouver, B.C. 1983. With thanks to Greg Jenner

9) "The Primeval Monuments of Peru compared with those in other parts of the World". Squier, E.G., American Naturalist, 4:1-17, 1870 (obtained by Greg Jenner from William R. Corliss' book "Ancient Man: A Handbook of Puzzling Artifacts" 1978, p140)



Interesting correspondence:


Spanish is my mother tongue so please se paciente conmigo cuando te escribo en inglés (pls. be patient with me when I write you in English).

Admirable your work -congratulations. But for it to have the impact it needs to have I suggest that you modify your East to West perspective and turn it the other way around as it should be. Let me explain myself.

Your hypothesis will be highly enriched when you accept what I call the "West to East Ancient Knowledge Flow " hypothesis (some know it as the "Aliaga7 Ancient Knowledge Flow Hypothesis)."


Concretely (besides proposing as early as 1999 that Nibiru is actually Aymaru, that Enki is Incay and that Anu is Allu, and that in the Fuente Magna dish the archeologists are wrongly interpreting POTAKAI because on time it will shown it means UTA.KI -home on earth), most importantly I am one of the two more serious proponents in the world of the hypothesis that ancient knowledge went from South/Central America to the Middle East more than the other way around.

The other proponent of the same hypothesis is my close friend and colleague, the brilliant British explorer, Jim Allen (author of "Atlantis the Andes Solution" and of "The Atlantis Trail").


By practically having demonstrated that Atlantis was South America and the its capital of the same name was in the south of the Bolivian Altiplano, Jim obviously has contributed lots to support the hypothesis that the flow of knowledge - and civilization at its dawn - mainly went from the West to the Near East instead of the other way around as wrongly currently assumed by most.

I have proposed the same but not from the Atlantis perspective as Jim has done so. Instead, I proposed this based on the work of the great Bolivian (from Sorata) Poliglot and Lord Behring disciple, the late Emeterio Villamil De Rada who was the most serious Aymarologists (and historians) perhaps of all times.

But the most important proof for this is that in Egyptian mummies traces of COCA leaves were found.


And this is crucial because coca is not only native to the East side of the South American (mainly Bolivia's and Peru's) Andes but also practically endemic - therefore coca COULD ONLY HAVE FLOWED from South America (i.e.d, historic Atlantis - or even where the Olympus/Illampus were) to Egypt.

I assure you that as soon as you start using the above mentioned hypothesis, your "Dark Star Theory" will be accepted, for the benefit of all of humanity and the biosphere...

Best regards,

Carlos Aliaga Uria