by Mark Walker


from Scribd Website


Center, the Archives of the Humboldt University, the Archives of the Max Planck Society, and the State Prussian Library in Berlin; the State Archives in Hamburg; the Federal Archives in Koblenz and Potsdam; the German Museum, the Institute for Contemporary History, and the Max Planck Institute for Physics and Astrophysics in Munich; and the National Archives and Records Services in Washington, D.C, Special thanks go to Helmut Drubba for sending me a great deal of valuable information.
I received financial support for my research from the Alexander Humboldt Foundation, the Berlin Program of the Social Science Research Council, and Union College. Ulrich Albrecht, Andreas Heinemann-Gruder, and the Free University welcomed me as a guest in Berlin, as did Baudouin Jurdant, Josiane Olff-Nathan, and the rest of GERSULP at the University of Strasbourg. Perhaps most important is the support I have always received from the History Department at Union College.
My colleague Monika Renneberg and I have recently edited a collection of essays on science, technology, and National Socialism.1

I cannot improve on the dedication we used in that book, so I would like to repeat it here.
This book is dedicated to all those critical voices who have tried to illuminate this ambivalent chapter of history, but were unappreciated, ignored, and discouraged.




  1. The Rise and Fall of an “Aryan” Physicist

  2. The Alienation of an Old Fighter

  3. The Surrender of the Prussian Academy of Sciences

  4. A “Nazi” in the Academy

  5. Physics and Propaganda

  6. Goodwill Ambassadors

  7. Hitler’s Bomb

  8. The Crucible of Farm Hall

  9. The Myth of Hitler’s Bomb

  10. Conclusion