The Philadelphia Experiment

by Harry Osoff and Bruce Cathie

Albert Einstein conferring with naval officers

in his study at Princeton, New Jersey, July 24,1943. (National Archives)

Regional Philadelphia Newspaper Article

October 1943
Strange Circumstances
Surround Tavern Brawl

Several city police officers responding to a call to aid members of the Navy Shore Patrol in breaking up a tavern brawl near the U.S. Navy docks here last night got something of a surprise when they arrived on the scene to find the place empty of customers. According to a pair of very nervous waitresses, the Shore Patrol had arrived first and cleared the place out -but not before two of the sailors involved allegedly did a disappearing act. "They just sort of vanished into thin air. . . right there," reported one of the frightened hostesses, "and I ain't been drinking either!" At that point, according to her account, the Shore Patrol proceeded to hustle everyone out of the place in short order.

A subsequent chat with the local police precinct left no doubts as to the fact that some sort of general brawl had indeed occurred in the vicinity of the dockyards at about eleven o'clock last night, but neither confirmation nor denial of the stranger aspects of the story could be immediately obtained. One reported witness succinctly summed up the affair by dismissing it as nothing more than "A lot of hooey from them daffy dames down there." Who, he went on to say, were just looking for some free publicity.

Damage to the tavern was estimated to be in the vicinity of six hundred dollars.

The "Philadelphia Experiment" is the name that has commonly been given to an alleged Top-Secret experiment conducted by the United States Navy in 1943 in which the Destroyer Escort U.S.S. Eldridge, outfitted with several tons of specialized electronics equipment capable of creating a tremendous pulsating magnetic field around itself, was first made invisible and then transported, in a matter of moments, from the Philadelphia Navy Yard, to the Norfolk Docks and back again, a total distance of over 400 miles (640 kilometers).

The United States government for the last 43 years has officially denied that this experiment ever took place. Challenging this statement, however, are several unanswered questions: What caused the death of some of the crew members aboard ship in a safe and secure harbor? Why was the remainder of the crew discharged as medically unfit? If one concludes that the Philadelphia Experiment did really occur, then was the untimely death of an independent researcher investigating the alleged experiment really suicide? How could the Navy possibly accomplish such a fantastic experiment? In any case, the story begins with Morris Ketchum Jessup, an astronomy and mathematics Professor at the University of Michigan.

Morris Ketchum Jessup was born in Rockville, Indiana, March 20, 1900 and named after his uncle, a railroad and financial baron (who also had a Cape in the northernmost tip of Greenland named after him). In the late 1920s while a Doctorate student at the University of Michigan, the young Jessup's research was responsible for the discovery of many physical double stars now catalogued by the Royal Astronomical Society of London.

While the country was in the firm grip of the Depression and jobs were hard to find, Jessup, like so many other highly technical people, took work wherever he could. He was first assigned by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to go to the Amazon to study sources of crude rubber. From there he became a photographer on an archaeological expedition to the Mayan ruins in Central America. Then Jessup went to Peru to study pre-lncan culture. It was in Peru that Jessup, after studying these massive ruins with their incredible exactness and implicit construction skills, speculated that they could have been built only with the aid of levitating devices from sky ships of some sort. This theory places Jessup among the first of modern scientists to believe in the "Ancient Astronauts" theory. This view, naturally, did not put him in high regard among his employers and colleagues, and he was soon on his own.

Jessup continued his research at his own expense. He found some very interesting craters in Mexico that were similar in structure and type to the mysterious craters on the Moon. Further research disclosed that the United States Air Force had highly classified photos of the Mexican craters. Running out of money, Jessup returned to the U.S. in 1954 to raise funds for further research. When the flying-saucer craze ran rampant in the late 1940s and early 1950s, Jessup became interested, first casually, and then quite seriously. His major focus was the possible propulsion power for these sky ships.

From what he had learned in Central America, Mexico, and Peru, Jessup was convinced that UFOs were a real possibility, and he had enough foundation to prove it. Jessup moved to Washington, D.C. and devoted the next year to extensive research. On January 13, 1955, he gave his publisher the completed manuscript of his book, The Case for the UFO.

The book sold well enough such that in the fall of 1955 Bantam issued a paperback edition. Shortly after this book was published, Jessup received a most unusual letter. It was written in several different colors of ink and the spelling and punctuation were most odd. The subject of the letter, however, was even stranger than its grammatical oddities. The correspondent, a Mr. Allende (who signed his letters "Carl Allen") was markedly interested in Jessups' ideas about levitation and went to great lengths to agree with Jessups' theory-—that many of our megaliths were built using the technique of levitation. In fact, he assured Jessup that levitation was not only scientifically possible but was commonplace on Earth in our recent past. Jessup was so fascinated by the style of the letter and the agreement with his own theory that he wrote back to Allende asking for more details.

These events concurred with several other pressing matters. At this time Jessup was doing the publicity and lecture circuit and was also preparing his second book, The UFO and the Bible. He soon forgot about the mysterious letter.

During the next year Jessup pushed for research into the unified field theory, something Einstein had worked on during the last twenty years of his life. It was this consuming interest that brought the "Philadelphia Experiment" back into the limelight. On January 13, 1956, exactly one year after his first book was published, Morris Ketchum Jessup received the following letter.


(Editor's Note : It is reprinted here exactly as Jessup received it. This letter contains many typographical errors and odd capitalizations of certain words; these have not been corrected, as they contain a significant part of the key to the whole matter. However a few new paragraphs have been made in the long text to aid readability)

My Dear Dr. Jessup,

Your invocation to the Public that they move en Masse upon their Representatives and have thusly enough Pressure placed at the right & sufficient Number of Places where from a Law demanding Research into Dr. Albert Eienstiens Unified Field Theory May be enacted (1925-1927) is Not at all Necessary. It May Interest you to know that The Good Doctor Was Not so Much influenced in his retraction of that Work, by Mathematics, as he most assuredly was by Humanities.

His Later computations, done strictly for his own edification & amusement, upon cycles of Human Civilization & Progress compared to the Growth of Mans General over-all Character Was enough to Horrify Him. Thus, we are told today that the Theory was "Incomplete."

Dr. B. Russell asserts privately that It is complete. He also says that Man is Not Ready for it & Shan't be until after W.W. III. Nevertheless, "Results" of My friend Dr. Franklin Reno, were used. These Were a complete Recheck of That Theory, With a View to any & Every Possible quick use of it, if feasible in a Very short time. There Were good Results, as far as a Group Math Re-Check AND as far as a good Physical "Result," to Boot. YET, THE NAVY FEARS TO USE THIS RESULT. The Result was & stands today as Proof that The Unified Field Theory to a certain extent is correct. Beyond that certain extent No Person in his right senses, or having any senses at all, Will evermore dare to go.

I am sorry that I Mislead You in My Previous Missive. True, enough, such a form of Levitation has been accomplished as described. It is also a Very commonly observed reaction of certain Metals to Certain Fields surrounding a current, This field being used for that purpose. Had Faraday concerned himself about the Mag. field surrounding an Electric Current, We today Would NOT exist or if We did exist, our present Geo-Political situation would have the very time-bombish, ticking off towards Destruction, atmosphere that Now exists. Alright, Alright! The "result" was complete invisibility of a ship, Destroyer type, and all of its crew, While at Sea. (Oct. 1943) The Field Was effective in an oblate spheroidal shape, extending one hundred yards (More or Less, due to Lunar position and Latitude) out from each beam of the ship. Any Person Within that sphere became vague in form BUT He too observed those Persons aboard that ship as though they too were of the same state, yet were walking upon nothing. Any person without that sphere could see Nothing save the clearly Defined shape of the Ships Hull in the Water. PROVIDING of course, that that person was just close enough to see yet, just barely outside of that field. Why tell you Now? Very Simple; If you choose to go Mad, 116 ANTI-GRAVITY AND THE WORLD GRID

then you would reveal this information. Half of the officers and the crew of that Ship are at Present, Mad as Hatters. A few are even Yet confined to certain areas where they may receive trained Scientific aid when they, either, "Go Blank" or "Go Blank" & Get Stuck." Going-Bland IE an after effect of the Man having been within the field too Much, IS Not at all an unpleasant experience to Healthily Curious Sailors. However it is when also, they "Get Stuck" that they call it "HELL" INCORPORATED" The Man thusly stricken can Not Move of his own volition unless one or More of those who are within the field go & touch him, quickly, else he "Freezes".

If a Man Freezes, His position Must be Marked out carefully and then the Field is cut-off. Everyone but that "Frozen" Man is able to Move; to appreciate apparent Solidity again. Then, the Newest Member of the cres Must approach the Spot, where he will find the "Frozen" Mans face or Bare skin, that is Not covered by usual uniform Clothing. Sometimes, It takes only an hour or so Sometimes all Night & all Day Long & Worse It once took 6 months, to get the Man "Unfrozen". This "Deep Freeze" was not psychological. It is a Result of a Hyper-Field that is set up, within the field of the Body, While the "Scorch" Field is turned on & this at Length or upon a Old Hand.

A Highly complicated Piece of Equipment Had to be constructed in order to Unfreeze those who became "True Froze" (Editor's Note : This could be "Free Freeze") or "Deep Freeze" subjects. Usually a "Deep Freeze" Man goes Mad, Stark Raving, Gibbering, Running MAD, if His "freeze" is far More than a Day in our time.

I speak of TIME for DEEP "Frozen Men" are Not aware of Time as We know it. They are Like Semi-comatose person, who Live, breathe, Look & feel but still are unaware of So Utterly Many things as to constitute a "Nether World" to them. A Man in an ordinary common Freeze is aware of Time, sometimes acutely so. Yet They are Never aware of Time precisely as you and I are aware of it. The First "Deep Freeze" As I said took 6 months to Rectify. It also took over 5 Million Dollars worth of Electronic equipment & a Special Ship Berth. If around or Near the Philadelphia Navy Yard you see a group of Sailors in the act of Putting their Hands upon a fellow or upon "thin air", observe the Digits & appendages of the Stricken Man. If they seem to Waver, as those within a Heat-Mirage, go quickly & Put YOUR Hands upon Him, For that Man is The Very Most Desperate of Men in The World. Not one of those Men ever want at all to become again invisible. I do Not think that Much More Need be said as to Why Man is Not Ready for Force-Field Work. Eh?

You Will Hear phrases from these Men such as "Caught in the Flow (or the Push) or "Stuck in the Green" or "Stuck in Molasses" or " I was "going" FAST", These Refer to Some of the Decade-Later after effects of Force-Field Work. "Caught in the Flow" Describes exactly the "Stuck in Molasses" sensation of a Man going into a "Deep Freeze" or Plain Freeze" either of the two. "Caught in the Push" can either refer to That Which a Man feels Briefly WHEN he is either about to inadvertently "Go-Blank" IE Become Invisible" or about to "Get Stuck" in a "Deep Freeze" or "Plain Freeze."

There are only a few of the original Experimental D-E's Crew Left by Now, Sir. Most went insane, one just walked "thru" His quarters Wall in sight of His Wife & Child & 2 other crew Members (WAS NEVER SEEN AGAIN), two " Went into "The Flame," I.E. They "Froze" & Caught fire, while carrying common Small-Boat Compasses, one Man carried the compass & Caught fire, the other came for the "Laying on of Hands" as he was the nearest but he too, took fire. THEY BURNED FOR 18 DAYS. The faith in "Hand Laying" Died When this Happened & Men's Minds Went by the scores. The experiment Was a Complete Success . The Men were Complete Failures.

Check Philadelphia Papers for a tiny one Paragraph (upper Half of sheet, inside the paper Near the rear 3rd of Paper, 1944-46 in Spring or Fall or Winter, NOT Summer.) of an item describing the Sailors Actions after their initial Voyage. They Raided a Local to the Navy Yard "Gin Mill" or "Beer Joint" & caused such shock & Paralysis of the Waitresses that Little comprehensible could be gotten from them, save that Paragraph & the Writer of it, Does Not Believe it, & Says "I only wrote what I heard & them Dames is Daffy. So, all I get is a "Hide-it" Bedtime Story."

Check observer ships crew, Matson Lines Liberty ship out of Norfolk, (Company MAY Have Ships Log for that Voyage or Coast Guard have it) The S.S. Andrew Furnseth, Chief Mate Mowsely, (Will secure Captains Name Later) (Ships Log Has Crew List on it.) one crew member Richard Price or "Splicey" Price May Remember other Names of Deck Crew Men, (Coast Guard has record of Sailors issued "Papers") Mr. Price Was 18 or 19 then, Oct. 1943, and Lives or Lived at that time in His old Family Home in Roanoke, VA. a small town with a Small Phone book. These Men Were Witnesses, The Men of this crew, "Connally of New England, (Boston?), May have Witnessed but I doubt it. (Spelling May be incorrect) DID witness this. I ask you to Do this bit of Research simply that you May Choke on your own Tongue when you Remember what you have "appealed to be Made Law"

Very Disrespectfully Yours,

Carl M. Allen



Days Later
Notes in addition to and pertaining to Missive

(Contact Rear Admiral Ransom Bennett for verification of info herein. Navy Chief of research. He may offer you a job, ultimately)

Coldly & analytically speaking, without the Howling that is in the Letter to you accompanying this, I will say the following in all Fairness to you & to Science.

(1) The Navy did Not know that the men could become invisible WHILE NOT UPON THE SHIP & UNDER THE FIELDS INFLUENCE.

(2) The Navy Did Not know that there would be Men Die from the odd effects of HYPER "Field" within or upon "Field."

(3) Further, They even yet do Not know Why this happened & are not even sure that the "F" within "F" is the reason, for sure at all. In Short The Atomic bomb didn't kill the experimenters thus the experiments went on-but eventually one or two were accidentally killed But the cause was known as to Why they died.

Left: the ss Andrew Furuseth, which Carlos Allende (using the name Carl Allen) joined in August 1943.

In the photograph of the ship's officers and crew (above), the man standing immediately to the left of the right-hand ventilator

is thought by some researchers to be Allende, who served on the ship until January 1944


Myself, I "feel" that something pertaining to the Small-boat compass "triggered" off "The Flames." I have no proof, but Neither Does the Navy. (4) WORSE & Not Mentioned When one or two of their Men, Visible-within-the-field-to- all-the-others, Just Walked into Nothingness, AND Nothing Could be felt, of them, either when the "field" Was turned on OR off, THEY WERE JUST GONE! Then, More Fears Were Amassed. (5)


Worse, Yet, When an apparently Visible & New-Man Just walks seemingly "thru" the Wall of his House, the surrounding area Searched by all Men & thoroughly scrutinized by & with & under an Installed Portable Field developer AND NOTHING EVER found of him. So Many Many Fears were by then in effect that the Sum total of them all could Not ever again be faced by ANY of those Men or by the Men Working at & upon the Experiments.

I wish to Mention that Somehow, also, The Experimental Ship Disappeared from its Philadelphia Dock and only a Very few Minutes Later appeared at its other Dock in the Norfolk, Newport News, Portsmouth area. This was distinctly AND clearly Identified as being that place BUT the ship then, again, Disappeared And Went Back to its Philadelphia Dock in only a Very few Minutes or Less. This was also noted in the newspapers But I forget what paper I read it in or When It happened. Probably Late in the experiments, May have been in 1956 after Experiments were discontinued, I can Not Say for Sure

To the Navy this Whole thing was So Impractical due to its Morale Blasting effects Which were so much so that efficient operation of the Ship was Drastically hindered and then after this occurrence It was shown that even the Mere operation of a ship could Not be counted upon at all. In short, Ignorance of this thing bred Such Terrors of it that, on the Level of attempted operations, with what knowledge was then available It was deemed as impossible, Impracticable and Too Horrible.

I believe that Had YOU then been Working upon & With the team that was Working upon this project With yourself knowing what You NOW know, that "The Flames" Would Not have been so unexpected, or Such a Terrifying Mystery. Also, More than Likely, I must say in All fairness, None of these other occurrences could have happened without some knowledge of their possibility of occurring. In fact, They May have been prevented by a far More Cautious Program AND by a Much More Cautiously careful Selection of Personnel for Ships officers & Crew.

Such Was Not the case. The Navy used whatever Human Material was at hand, Without Much, if any, thought as to character & Personality of that Material. If care, Great Care is taken in selection of Ship, and officers and crew AND If Careful Indoctrination is taken along with Careful watch over articles of apparel Such as rings & Watches & Identification bracelets & belt buckles, Plus AND ESPECIALLY the effect of Hob-Nailed shoes or Cleated-shoes U.S. Navy issue shoes, I feel that some progress towards dissipating the fear filled ignorance surrounding this project Will be Most surely & certainly accomplished.


The Records of the U.S. Maritime Service HOUSE Norfolk, Va. (for Graduated Seamen of their Schools) Will reveal who was assigned to S.S. Andrew Furuseth for Month of either Late Sept. or Oct. of 1943. I remember positively of one other observer who stood beside Me When tests were going on. He was from New England, Brown Blond Curly Hair, blue eyes, Don't remember name. I leave it up to you to Decide if further work shall be put into this or Not, and Write this in Hopes there Will be.

Very Sincerely,

Carl M. Allen

So here was a mysterious correspondence from a man who talked like he knew intimately about levitation, disappearing ships, and invisible men. He wrote in different color inks and with a style of writing that would not win any good grades anywhere. Jessup, meanwhile, was being pushed around by his agents in New York to run the publicity circuit and to get a new book out while the interest was still hot on his last one. But all he wanted was to make some cash and get back to those craters in Mexico.


It would have been easy to just forget the whole Allende matter, but Jessup sent him a postcard asking for more details and five months later he received the following reply. (Once again, this is reprinted as it was received by Jessup)

Dear Mr. Jessup:

Having just recently gotten home from my long travels around the country I find that you had dropped me a card. You ask that I write you "at once" and So after taking everything into consideration, I have decided to do so. You ask me for what is tantamount to positive proof of something that only the duplication of those devices that produced "This Phenomenon" could ever give you. At least, were I of scientific bent, I presume that, were I of Such a Curiosity about something, the which has been produced from a theory that was discarded (1927) as incomplete, I am sure that I would be of such dubiousness towards that I would Have to be shown those devices that produced such a curious interaction of Forces & Fields, in operation & their product.

Mr. Jessup, I could NEVER possibly satisfy such an attitude. The reason being that I could not, Nor ever would the Navy Research Dept. (Then under the present Boss of the Navy, Burke) ever let it be known that any such thing was ever allowed to be done. For you see, It was because of Burkes Curiosity & Willingness & prompting that this experiment was enabled to be carried out. It proved a White-elephant but His attitude towards advanced & ultra-advanced types of research is just "THE" THING that put him where he is today. (Or at least, to be sure, it carries a great weight). Were the stench of such an Experiments results ever to come out, He would be crucified.

However, I have noticed, that thru the ages, those who have had this happen to them, once the vulgar passions that caused the reaction have cooled-off AND further research OPENLY carried on, that these crucified ones achieve something akin to Saint hood. You say that this, "is of the greatest importance". I disagree with you Mr. Jessup, not just whole Heartedly, but vehemently. However at the same time, your ideas & your own sort of curiosity is that of mine own sort and besides my disagreement is based upon philosophical Morality and not upon that curiosity which Drives Science so rapidly. I can be of some positive help to you in myself but to do so would require a Hypnotist, Sodium Pentothal, a tape recorder & an excellent typist-secretary in order to produce material of Real value to you.

As you know one who is hypnotized cannot Lie and one who is both hypnotized AND given "Truth Serum" as it is colloquially known, COULD NOT POSSIBLY LIE, AT ALL To boot, My Memory would be THUS enabled to remember things in such great detail, things that my present consciousness cannot recall at all, or only barely and uncertainly that it would be of far greater benefit to use hypnosis. I could thus be enabled to not only Recall COMPLETE names, but also addresses & telephone numbers AND perhaps the very important Z numbers of those sailors whom I sailed with them or even came into contact with. I could too, being something of a Dialectician, be able to thusly talk exactly as these witnesses talked and imitate or illustrate their Mannerisms & Habits of thought, thus your psychologists can figure IN ADVANCE the Surefire method of dealing Most Successfully with these. I could NOT do this with someone with whom I had not observed at length & these men, I lived with for about 6 months, so you are bound to get good to excellent results.

The mind does NOT ever forget, Not really, As you know. Upon this I suggest this way of doing this with Myself but further, the Later usage of Myself in Mannerisms & Thought pattern illustration is suggested in order that the Goal of inducing these Men to place themselves at & under your disposal (HYPNOTICALLY OR UNDER TRUTH-SERUM) is a Goal, the Which could Have Far greater impact, due to co-relation of Experiences remembered Hypnotically by Men who have not seen or even written to each other, at all, for Nearly or over TEN years. In this, with such Men as Witnesses, giving irrefutable testimony It is my belief that were, Not the Navy, but the Air force, confronted with such evidence, (IE Chief of Research) there would be either an uproar or a quiet and determined effort to achieve SAFELY "that which" the Navy failed at.

They did NOT fail to, I hope you realize, achieve Metallic & organic invisibility nor did they fail to, unbesoughtedly, achieve transportation of thousands of tons of Metal & Humans at an eyes blink speed. Even though this latter effect of prolonged experimentation was (to them) The thing that caused them to consider the experiment as a failure, I BELIEVE THAT FURTHER EXPERIMENTS WOULD NATURALLY HAVE PRODUCED CONTROLLED TRANSPORT OF GREAT TONNAGES AT ULTRAFAST SPEEDS TO A DESIRED POINT THE INSTANT IT IS DESIRED thru usage of an area covered by: (1) those cargoes and (2) that "Field" that could cause those goods, Ships or Ship parts (MEN WERE TRANSPORTED AS WELL) to go to another Point. Accidentally and to the embarrassed perplexity of the Navy THIS HAS ALREADY HAPPENED TO A WHOLE SHIP, CREW & ALL. I read of this AND of THE OFF-BASE AWOL ACTIVITIES OF THE crew-Men who were at the time invisible in a Philadelphia NEWSPAPER. UNDER NARCO-HYPNO-HYPNOSIS I CAN BE ENABLED TO DIVULGE THE NAME, DATE & SECTION & PAGE NUMBER of that Paper & the other one.

Thus this papers "Morgue" will divulge EVEN MORE POSITIVE PROOF ALREADY PUBLISHED of this experiment. The Name of the Reporter who skeptically covered & wrote of these incidents (OF THE RESTAURANT-BARROOM RAID WHILE INVISIBLE & OF THE SHIPS SUDDEN AWOL) AND WHO INTERVIEWED the Waitresses CAN THIS BE FOUND, thus HIS and the Waitresses testimony can be added to the Records. Once on this track, I believe That you can uncover CONSIDERABLY MORE evidence to sustain this— (what would you call it—SCANDAL or DISCOVERY?) You would Need a Dale Carnegie to maneuver these folks into doing just as you wish. It would be cheaper than paying everyone of all these witnesses & Much more Ethical. The Idea Is, to the Layman type of person, utterly ridiculous. However, can you remember, all by yourself, the Date of a Newspaper in which you saw an interesting item more than 5 years ago? Or recall names of Men, their phone #'s that you saw in 1943-44.

I do hope you will consider this plan. You will Progress as Not possible in any other way. Of course, I realize that you will need a Man Who can cause people to want to have fun, to play with Hypnotism, one that can thusly dupe those he-you need to: #1 come to His Demonstrations & thus call on them to be either both "Honored" as Helping with the show & doing Him a Great favor, &/ or being part of the act for the mite of a small fee He would HAVE to be a Man of such an android ingenuity at Manufacturing a plausible story on the-instant-he-sizes-up-his-"personality-to be dealt with THAT had cost PLENTY. The ability to convince people of an outright Lie as being the absolute truth would be one of his prime prerequisites. (Ahem.) Yes, some such skullduggery would have to be thought well out & done. THE ULTIMATE END WILL BE A TRUTH TOO HUGE, TOO FANTASTIC, TO NOT BE TOLD. A WELL FOUNDED TRUTH, BACKED UP BY UNOBFUSCATIVE PROOF POSITIVE.

I would like to find where it is that these Sailors live NOW. It is known that some few people can somehow tell you a mans name & His Home address UNDER HYPNOSIS EVEN THOUGH NEVER HAVING MET OR SEEN THE PERSON. These folks have a very high or just a high PSI factor in their make-up that can be intensified under stress or strain OR that usually is intensified under extreme fright. It also can be RE-intensified by Hypnosis, thus is like reading from the Encyclopedia Britannica. Even though that Barroom- Restaurant Raid was staged by invisible or partly invisible men, those men CAN SEE EACH OTHER THUS NAMES, in the excitement, were sure to have been Mentioned, whether last or first Names or Nicknames. A check of the Naval Yards Dispensaries or Hospital or aid stations or prison RECORDS of that particular day that the Barroom-Restaurant occurred May reveal the EXACT NAMES OF PRECISELY WHO WERE THE MEN, THEIR SERVICE SERIAL NUMBERS & THUS THE INFORMATION ON WHERE THEY ARE FROM BE SECURED & by adroit "maneuverings" of those still at Home, THE NAME OF THE PLACE where they are at present can be secured.

HOW WOULD YOU LIKE TO ACTUALLY SPEAK TO (or some of THE MEN) A MAN WHO WAS ONCE AN INVISIBLE HUMAN BEING? (MAY BECOME SO IN FRONT OF YOUR VERY EYES IF HE TURNS OFF HIS HIP-SET). Well, all this fantastically Preposterous sort of rubbish will be necessary, Just to do that, the Hypnotist-psychologist & all that. Maybe I suggest something too thorough & too Methodical for your taste but then, I, as first subject, Don't care to be Hypnotized at all. But too, feel that certain pull of curiosity about this thing that, to me, is irresistible. I want to crack this thing wide open. My reasons are simply to enable more work to be done upon this "Field Theory,"

I am a star-gazer Mr. Jessup. I make no bones about this and the fact that I feel that IF HANDLED PROPERLY, I.E. PRESENTED TO PEOPLE & SCIENCE IN THE PROPER PSYCHOLOGICALLY EFFECTIVE MANNER, I feel sure that Man will go where He now dreams of being—to the stars via the form of transport that the Navy accidentally stumbled upon (to their embarrassment) when their EXP. SHIP took off & popped-up a minute or so later on several Hundred sea travel-trip miles away at another of its berths in Chesapeake Bay area. I read of this in another newspaper & only by Hypnosis could any Man remember all the details of which paper, date of occurrence & etc., you see? Eh. Perhaps already, the Navy has used this accident of transport to build your UFO's. It is a logical advance from any standpoint. What do you think ??

One could conclude from the beginning of the letter that Jessup had asked for some specific hard cold facts. He could even have been looking for the actual equipment design. What he got back as an answer was: "I can't give you those things, but how about truth serum and hypnosis?" Allen's answer was too fantastic to believe and since he provided no new information, Jessup disregarded these letters as ramblings from a crazy person with a fondness for UFOs.


There wasn't anything else to do. Jessup was too busy raising capital to return to Mexico and resume his grand passion—those mysterious craters—than to pursue some crackpot talking about invisible ships and men. However, there were events happening elsewhere that would soon bring this fantastic story back into Jessup's life.

In late July or early August a copy of The Case for the UFO arrived at the Office of Naval Research (O.N.R.). However, this was not an ordinary copy. It had been sent to Admiral N. Furth in a manila envelope and across the front of it had been scribbled "Happy Easter". The book itself was well worn and contained handwritten comments at the top, bottom and margins of the pages. The comments were written in three different colors of ink as if the book had been passed back and forth between three people. The comments suggested a knowledge of UFOs, their method of propulsion, and the origin and background of the beings operating them. The book at that time fell into the possession of Major Darrell L. Ritter (U.S.M.C. Aeronautical Project Officer at O.N.R.) who took a great interest in these comments. It was obvious that a great deal of time and effort had been put into this book.

Major Ritter was also aware of the government's momentary interest in anti-gravity research, and felt that the comments about undersea cities built by two groups of extra-terrestrials (called the LMs and SMs) were quite intriguing. There were explanations for mysterious ship and plane disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle.


Also included was an extensive commentary on the origins of odd storms and clouds, of objects falling from the sky, of strange marks and footprints that Jessup had written about, and many odd words (such as: "mothership", "home ship", "dead ship", "great ark", "great bombardment", "great return", "great war", "little men", "force fields", "deep freeze", "measure markers", "scout ships", "magnetic fields", "gravity fields", "sheets of diamonds", "cosmic rays", "force cutters", "inlay work", "clear talk", "telepathing", "nodes", "vortices", and "magnetic net") that were used throughout the book and which might be of some value for later research.


Afterwards, Major Ritter passed the book on to two other O.N.R. officers, Commander George W. Hoover (Special Projects Officer) and Captain Sidney Sherby. These men were intimately involved in the Navy's Project Vanguard, the code name for the U.S. effort to develop the first artificial earth satellite.

Commander Hoover and Captain Sherby, reviewing the book, and the mysterious comments within it, invited Jessup to come to O.N.R. and discuss his book. By this time it was the spring of 1957 and 18 months had passed since the book had first arrived at the O.N.R. As Jessup read the annotated book he reportedly became more and more distressed, because the comments referred to subjects he had heard about but which had not been mentioned in his writings. The person or persons who had written these comments had a good understanding of the current "myths" of UFOs, extraterrestrials, and other subjects mainly the concern of psychics, cultists and mystics. Jessup became confused as to why the United States government was so interested in the scribblings from such an apparently cluttered mind. As he read further he came across a comment concerning a secret Navy experiment in 1943 and immediately he knew who had been responsible for the crazed and disjointed comments.

Jessup then shared his discovery with the Naval Officers and they in turn asked if the O.N.R. could have the letters. Next they informed Jessup that a special edition of his book was being produced by them and it would include all the additions. Jessup consented to the new edition and made three additional trips to the O.N.R. concerning this matter.

Shortly after these meetings Jessup was involved in a car accident. At the same time he began experiencing marital difficulties; close friends say he was never quite the same after that. He seemed quite disturbed by the Navy experience and after receiving the promised copies of his own book he spent considerable time adding his own comments. Hoover and Shelby would, in the days to come, make many attempts to find the elusive Allende (Carl Allen) but with no success. Jessup was still confused as to why the Navy was so interested in this matter, and spent considerable time researching the details of the operation known as the "Philadelphia Experiment".

In the meantime all his efforts to get back to Mexico had come up blank, and he now devoted himself to writing and publishing. He moved back to his native Indiana and started publishing a small astrological journal. During October of 1958, Jessup left Indiana for New York on publishing business and around the 31st paid a visit to a friend, Ivan T. Sanderson, founder of the Society for the Investigation of the Unexplained (S.I.T.U.). Over dinner Jessup gave Sanderson the copy of the book he had been making notes in; Jessup, being visibly disturbed, asked Sanderson in great sincerity to read it and then lock it up for safe keeping—"In case anything should happen to me."

Jessup was scheduled to return to Indiana within a few days. When he failed to return, his publisher became concerned and contacted one of Jessups' associates concerning his whereabouts. His associate related that he had no information. Six weeks after his New York departure Jessup, was located in Florida; apparently, he had gone there from New York and had been involved in another major car accident from which he was still recovering. Jessup, during those next months, was in terrible spirits. His publisher rejected his manuscripts as being "not up to par." His writings were drawing considerable criticism from all around the country. On April 20, 1959, two years after meeting with the O.N.R., Jessup was found dead in his car close to his Florida home: a victim of carbon-monoxide poisoning. A hose had been attached to his car exhaust and passed into the passenger side window.

Jessup had killed himself. Or had he? Jessup's death has been the subject of substantial speculation. Some of his friends have said that Jessup was not the type to kill himself. Others have suggested he was murdered when he refused to abandon his UFO research. Rumors were then circulating about the "Men In Black", the name given to government agents who allegedly visited several UFO researchers and "persuaded" them to cease and desist their work. Other friends said that Jessup was depressed about personal problems and that he had sent a suicide note to a close friend. However, the handwriting was not checked to see if it matched with Jessup's.

The truth about Morris K. Jessup will probably never be known, placing him in that same file cabinet along with Karen Silkwood, John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, and other humans regarding whom certain factions in our society would have an easier time of things if they were invisible or dead.

So we might ask, Did the Navy really make a Destroyer-class ship disappear and transport itself over four hundred miles of ocean in a matter of moments, or is this just some fantastic story? And if this is not just a story, why did they do it? We know by the results why the Navy might have wanted to keep things quiet. Governmental cover-ups are not new; they seem to come with the institution. Maybe we can reach a conclusion more easily if we learn more about the last day of Jessup's life.

Dr. J. Manson Valentine, an oceanographer, archaeologist, and zoologist, had been a friend of Jessups' for the last fourteen years of his life while he resided in Florida. Jessup, as we know, was very upset during the last months of his life and was reaching out more than ever to talk with someone. Dr. Valentine was that someone. It was during these last months that Jessup shared his innermost feelings about the Philadelphia Experiment with him. It's very probable that Dr. Valentine was the last person to talk with Jessup. He had spoken to Jessup on April 20, 1959, and had invited Jessup to dinner; Jessup accepted his invitation, but never showed up.

When asked,

"Why do you think Jessup killed himself?", Dr. Valentine's answer was: "If he committed suicide it was probably due to extreme depression. He had been approached by the Navy to continue working on the Philadelphia Experiment or similar projects, but had declined, as he was worried about its dangerous ramifications... Perhaps he could have been saved. He was still alive when he was found .... Perhaps he was allowed to die." Dr. Valentine went on to say that Jessup had researched the question of the Philadelphia Experiment, "pretty thoroughly. You must remember that he was not a crank writer, but a distinguished and famous scientist."

Dr. Valentine remembers Jessup relating some strange things he had learned concerning the Navy's experiment. Jessup said the invisibility effect had been accomplished by using magnetic field generators, called degaussers, which were "pulsed" at resonant frequencies to create a huge magnetic field around the Destroyer. In Dr. Valentine's opinion Jessup was well informed of the alleged experiment and had met with the Navy officers and scientists several times. He had said to Dr. Valentine:

"The experiment is very interesting but awfully dangerous. It is too hard on the people involved. This use of magnetic resonance is tantamount to temporary obliteration in our dimension but it tends to get out of control. Actually, it is equivalent to a transference of matter into another level or dimension, and could represent a dimensional breakthrough if it were possible to control it."

According to Valentine, Jessup believed he was "on the verge of discovering the scientific basis for whatever was happening." Jessup explained: "An electric field created in a coil induces a magnetic field at right angles to the first, and each of these fields represents one plane of space. But since there are three planes of space, there must be a third field, perhaps a gravitational one. By hooking up electromagnetic generators so as to produce a magnetic pulse it might be possible to produce this third field through the principle of resonance." Jessup thought the Navy had discovered this by accident.

This brings up the interesting possibility of a fourth dimension. It is known, by abstract mathematics, that it is possible to have as many as fifteen dimensions. If they exist as a mathematical concept, they exist in fact (according to Pythagoras). It is a widely held belief among scientists that basic atomic structure is essentially electric in nature rather than material. A vast interplay of energies is involved. This concept gives us great flexibility in visualizing the universe such that if multiple phases of matter don't exist it would be quite surprising.

The transition from one phase (our world), to another world would be equivalent to the passage from one plane of existence to another in a sort of interdimensional metamorphosis. It is a case of worlds within worlds. Magnetism is thought to be the key factor in the control of these dimensional changes. Magnetism is the only phenomenon for which scientists have no mechanical explanation. We can visualize electrons travelling along a wire to create electric current, and we can envision waves of different frequencies to create heat, light and radio.

But a magnetic field defies mechanical interpretation. In addition, when UFOs do their materializations/dematerializations, intense magnetic disturbances are always present.

With these thoughts in mind let's see how the concept of a "World Grid" could be a key factor in the location and function of the alleged Philadelphia Experiment.

The Philadelphia Experiment is fantastic because it disturbs our sense of what we think exists in a particular time and space. And when we speak of space and time, we invariably think of Einstein. Jessup believed Einstein's theories held the key to UFO propulsion; after all, Carl Allen had confirmed that it not only was the key but full scale research and experimentation of Einstein's mysterious mathematical concepts was already a reality.

Researching Naval employment records we find that Albert Einstein was hired as a Scientist for the Office of Naval Research (O.N.R.) on May 31, 1943, a post he maintained until June 30, 1944. Also on July 24, 1943, Einstein met with Naval Officers in his Princeton study—just three months prior to the Philadelphia Experiment.

One way to cross the tremendous distances of space would be to alter the structure of space itself. This could be accomplished by modifying the space-time geometric matrix. It is this matrix that gives us the illusion of form and distance. One method of changing the matrix is through the modification of frequencies controlling the matter-antimatter cycles. These in turn control our perceptions of things existing in apparent space-time. Einstein's premise is that time is a geometric concept; therefore, if this could be altered, then all of the universe would become available to us at any single moment.

In one second we could travel great distances, for at that point distance would be revealed as an illusion. According to a prevalent view, Time is the factor that keeps objects apart in space. With the possibility of moving from place to place in what is called "Zero Time", then both places exist in the same place according to our perception. By speeding up the geometric of time we are able to bring distant objects closer together. This is the secret of extra-terrestrial spacecraft; they travel by altering the space dimension by bringing time to zero.

Einstein believed that physical matter was nothing more than a concentrated field of force. What we see visually as a physical substance is in actuality a combination (or four-dimensional matrix) of frequencies. Different frequencies combine in different ways thus creating different physical masses.


These masses seem solid to us because we are also made up of similar wave-forms which vibrate within a defined band-width, and this band-width makes up the limited perspective of our visual, physical world.

Position A: Theoretical experimental site in the vicinity of the Philadelphia College of Science.
Position B: Theoretical experimental site in the vicinity of Penn's Landing.
Latitude A — B= 143795.77 seconds of arc north. The speed of light harmonic at the earth's surface.

In the famous equation E = MC2, M, the value for mass, can be replaced by a value representing a specific waveform. According to Bruce Cathie's mathematics of the world grid, the substituted term is a function of the velocity of Light.

Einstein E=MC2

Cathie grid M=C+

Therefore E=(C+
(1/C)) C2  → (Harmonic equation 1)

Within this unified field equation, expressed in terms of pure electromagnetic energy, lies the key to the universe: the whole of existence, the seen and unseen, forms, solids, liquids and gases, the stars and the blackness of space itself. All is perceived 'to consist of visible and invisible waves of light. All of creation is Light.

The earth is simply a huge magnet wound with magnetic lines of force. The coils are 1,725 cm2 in one direction and 1,850 cm2 in the other. These lines of force form a grid pattern due to the spin of our planet. At any given point there are a trillion lines of force crossing and creating small vortices. Each vortex manifests as an atomic structure and creates within itself a gravitational field. The gravitational field is nothing more than the effect of relative motion in space. Matter is drawn towards a gravitational field, just as a piece of wood is drawn into a whirlpool. The gravitational fields created by the vortexual action of every atom combine to form the complete field of our planet Earth. The lattice matrix of the world grid is the natural grid formed by these interlocking lines of force.

(Editor's Note : Actually, the magnetic field density at the surface of the Earth, in gauss, is approximately 0.5 lines per cm2)

The basic unit for harmonic calculation in relation to this grid is the geodetic inch, or 0.172 minutes of arc, one minute of arc being 6,000 geodetic feet. By taking the values of 1,725 and 1,850 per cm2 and calculating the field strengths for one square geodetic inch, the field density is found to be 8,326.71764 and 12,255.08864, respectively. When the fields are in opposition, the combined field density is 20,581.80628 for one square geodetic inch. The difference in field strengths is calculated to be 12,255.08864 minus 83,26.71764 which equals 3,928.371. From this we can say that the resultant field density one way is field A minus field B or 3,928.371 lines of force per cm2.


This value is the reciprocal of 1/2 the distance of the polar grid square size.

THE PANTAGRAPH, Thursday, Aug. 21, 1986 A5

We can now formulate another equation in order to demonstrate the association of the Earth's magnetic field with the speed of light.

Please note that 144,000 is a speed of light harmonic value in free space. The figure of 143,900 minutes of arc grid per second will be explained below.

The reduction in the speed of light is equal in harmonic terms to the resultant field strength divided by the radius of the spherical mass. In this case the radius is equivalent to the distance in minutes of arc, from the Earth's center to the average height of the atmosphere (432 being a harmonic of 4,320 minutes of arc).

We can now generate another equation by inserting the value for the speed of light at the Earth's surface. By mathematical conversion this was found to be 143,795.77 minutes of arc per grid second, where one grid second was 1/972,000 part of the time taken for one revolution of the Earth.

Now, let's surmise that as the harmonic of light decreases, the energy which is being released converts its form into physical matter. You wouldn't think that the universe would leave to chance the physical stuff we call reality.


As Einstein once said, "God does not play dice with the universe!"---invisible ships, disappearing men, reality, notwithstanding... Bruce Cathie has spent considerable time studying the latitudes and longitudes of the Philadelphia and Norfolk Navy Yards in a search for the two points that were harmonically correct for the movement across space-time.

The latitude of the Philadelphia Naval Base, namely, 39° 56' 35.77" North, set up a prime harmonic of the speed of light, which was 143,795.77 seconds of arc. It is an interesting coincidence that the College of Science was established at this latitude. This latitude is equivalent to 143,795.77 seconds of arc North. The latitude in the Norfolk area is 36° 55' 08" North.

Distance from the North Pole = 53.080935 degrees
Distance from the equator= 36.919065 degrees
Difference = 16.1618 / 60 = 0.2693645 harmonic

The longitude of the Philadelphia site is 75° 08' 55.8" West
The longitude of the Norfolk site is 76° 19' 45.0" West

The direct great circle track between the two sites is 189.7366596 minutes of arc, which is equivalent to 3.16227766 degrees. The circular area swept out by a wave of this radius would harmonically be equal to n.

The latitudinal displacement is 181.452266 minutes of arc. The square root of this number equals 13.47042, which is a harmonic of the electron spacing in the atomic nucleus.

The longitudinal spacing would equal 1.1803288 degrees. The reciprocal of this number is 0.8472215; when doubled this number yields the 1.694443 harmonic.

Another interesting coincidence exists here. Line B-C in the diagram is very close to and parallel with grid line #18 on the Becker-Hagens world grid system (See their chapter "The Planetary Grid: A New Synthesis," above). This line connects the Philadelphia docks and the Norfolk docks with the Bermuda Triangle. Could it be that the vessel in its dematerialized state was actually on this grid line? Could it be that the energy that makes all this possible is a magnetic field transmitted at the correct frequency by the powerful field generators aboard the ship?

Maybe it is true that the Navy scientists didn't expect what resulted from their unique experiment; maybe, in fact, the results were terribly counter to the desired effects. If indeed the goal had been just to make the ships invisible to radar (similar to modern day Stealth systems), or to magnetically repel torpedoes, perhaps instead the Navy found something of much greater import than anyone had ever imagined.

It seems to me that the experiment was just that—an experiment. We will never know what the true purpose of this experiment was. The purpose of the last experiment in the series was most likely the actual transport of the ship, a possibility the Navy might have learned of through earlier tests. But originally they were looking for radar invisibility or a magnetic torpedo/mine shield.


The War was going to be won on the sea and thus the opportunistic Navy exploited Einstein's misgivings about the rise of Nazi Germany to persuade him to assist the U.S. government in developing a passive protection device. In the process they found incredible mysteries regarding pulsating magnetic fields, and through the course of their experimentations, literally led themselves into matter transport. Perhaps the most incredible coincidence is that the presumed matter transport apparently happened along a world grid line.

I can hear it now: "Philadelphia—Norfolk physical matter transport now leaving on grid line #18 at 1400 Greenwich Mean Time. Visitors please board the vehicle at this time." The answers to the many puzzles of the Philadelphia Experiment will some day be known. Or perhaps they are already known by a few. Anyway the mystique persists.


The following article appeared in The Pantagraph on August 21, 1986, published in Bloomington - Normal, Illinois.

(Editor's Note: The Philadelphia Experiment has been a mystery for many years. We welcome the reader's comments on this subject and any new facts or speculations they might have so that this continuing enigma can finally be solved.)


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