(MATILDA O'DONNELL MACELROY PERSONAL NOTE)
"For this interview I took written notes because Airl gave me a lot
of dates and names that I couldn't possibly remember without writing
them down. I didn't usually take notes, but during this lesson I
thought it was important to get the information exactly as she gave
it to me.
However, I discovered that my note taking made it much
more difficult for me to focus on receiving the communication from Airl. I was sometimes so distracted by my own writing that I lost
the train of her thought, so I had to ask her to "repeat" herself
Airl continued to stay in communication with the Communications
Officer on the asteroid belt space station, from which she received
much of this information. Since Airl was an officer/pilot/engineer of The Domain, and not a historian, she had to get this
information from records of reconnaissance missions conducted by
other officers of The Domain Expeditionary Force."
(OFFICIAL TRANSCRIPT OF INTERVIEW)
Official Transcript of the U.S. Army Air Force Roswell Army Air
Field, 509th Bomb Group
SUBJECT: ALIEN INTERVIEW, 27. 7. 1947, 1st
"The actual history of Earth is very bizarre. It is so nonsensical
that is it is incredible to anyone on Earth who attempts to
investigate it. A myriad of vital information is missing from it. A
huge conglomeration of non sequitur relics and mythology has been
arbitrarily introduced into it. The volatile nature of the Earth
itself cyclically covers, drowns, mixes and shreds physical
These factors, combined with amnesia and post-hypnotic suggestions,
false facades and covert manipulation make a reconstruction of the
factual origins and history of Earth civilizations virtually
investigator, no matter how brilliant, is doomed to wallow in a
quagmire of inconclusive assumptions, unworkable hypotheses, and
Since The Domain does not suffer these afflictions, having the
advantage of memory, longevity and an exterior point of view, I will
add some clarification to your fragmentary knowledge of the history
These are some of the dates and events that are not mentioned in
Earth history textbooks. These dates are significant because they
provide some information concerning the influences of the "Old
Empire" and of The Domain on Earth.
Although I have attended several briefings by our mission control
personnel on the general background of Earth within the past few
hundred years, I will rely principally on data gathered from records
captured after our invasion of the "Old Empire" planetary
headquarters. Since that time The Domain Expeditionary Force has
tracked the general progress of events on Earth.
As I mentioned, in some cases The Domain has chosen to intervene in
certain affairs on Earth in order to ensure the success of our long
term expansion plans. Although The Domain has no interest in Earth,
per se, or in the population of IS-BEs on this planet, it does serve
our interests to ensure that the resources of Earth are not
destroyed or spoiled. To that end, certain officers of The Domain
have been sent to Earth on reconnaissance missions from time to time
to gather information.
However, the following dates and events have been extrapolated from
the accumulated information in the data files of The Domain - at
least those that are accessible to me through the space station
208,000 BCE —
The establishment of the "Old Empire", whose headquarters were
located near one of the "tail stars" in the Ursa Major (Big Dipper)
Constellation 124 (Footnote) of this galaxy. The "Old Empire"
invasion force conquered the area with nuclear weapons sometime
the radioactivity 125 (Footnote) subsided and the clean-up and
restoration were completed, it received the immigration of beings
from another galaxy into this galaxy. Those beings set up a society
that kept going until about 10,000 years ago when it was superseded
by The Domain.
Very recently Earth civilization has come to resemble aspects of
that civilization, now that it has fallen out of its immediate
control. In particular, the appearance and technology of
transportation such as planes, trains, ships, fire engines, and
automobiles, as well as what you consider to be "modern" or
"futuristic" architecture, which emulate the design of buildings in
the major cities of the "Old Empire".
Before 75,000 BCE —
The Domain records contain very little information about the
civilizations on the continental land masses of Atlanta 126 (Footnote) and Lemur
127 (Footnote), except to note that they did
coexist on Earth at more or less the same time. Apparently, both
civilizations were founded by remnants of electronic, space opera
cultures who fled from their native planetary systems to escape
political or religious persecution.
The Domain knows that a long-standing edict of the "Old Empire"
prohibits unauthorized colonization of planets. Therefore, it is
possible that their destruction was caused by police or military
forces who pursued the colonists as criminals and destroyed them.
Although this seems a likely supposition, no conclusive evidence
exists that explains the complete destruction and disappearance of
two entire electronic civilizations.
Another possibility is that a massive submarine volcanic eruption in
the region of Lake Toba, in Sumatra 128 (Footnote) and Mt. Krakatoa
129 (Footnote) in Java caused the destruction of Lemur. The flood
waters caused by the eruption overwhelmed all the land masses,
including the highest mountains. Survivors of the destruction of the
civilization, the Lemurians, are the earliest ancestors of the
Chinese. Australia and the ocean areas to the north were the center
of the Lemurian civilization and are the source of Oriental races.
Both civilizations possessed electronics, flight and similar
technologies of space opera cultures.
Apparently, the volcanic eruption expelled such a significant mass
of molten rock that the resulting vacuum beneath the crust of Earth
caused great areas of the land masses to sink below the oceans. The
continental areas occupied by both civilizations were covered with
volcanic matter, and then submerged, leaving very little evidence
that they ever existed except for legends of a global flood which
prevail in every culture of the Earth, and for survivors who are the
genus of oriental races and cultures.
That kind of colossal volcanic explosion
130 (Footnote) fills the
stratosphere with toxic gases which are carried around the whole
planet. The usual refuse of these volcanic eruptions can easily
cause a rain that lasts for "40 days and 40 nights" due to
atmospheric pollution as well as an extensive period during which
radiation from the sun is deflected back into space, and cause
global cooling. 131 (Footnote) Certainly such an event would cause
an ice age, extinctions of life forms and many other relatively
long-term changes lasting thousands of years.
Due to the myriad types of naturally occurring global cataclysmic
events which are indigenous to Earth, it is not a suitable planet
for habitation by IS-BEs. In addition there have been occasional
global cataclysms caused by IS-BEs such as the one that destroyed
the dinosaurs 132 (Footnote) more than 70 million years ago. That
destruction was caused by intergalactic warfare during which time
Earth, and many other neighboring moons and planets, were bombarded
by atomic weapons. Atomic explosions cause atmospheric fallout much
like that of volcanic eruptions. 133 (Footnote) Most of the planets
in this sector of the galaxy have been uninhabitable deserts since
Earth is undesirable for many other reasons: heavy gravity and dense
atmosphere, floods, earthquakes, volcanoes, polar shifts,
continental drift, meteor impacts, atmospheric and climatic changes,
to name a few.
What kind of lasting civilization could any
sophisticated culture propose to develop in such an environment?
In addition, Earth is a small planet of a "rim star" of a galaxy.
This makes Earth very isolated geographically from the more
concentrated planetary civilizations which exist toward the center
of the galaxy. These obvious facts have made Earth suitable for use
only as a zoological or botanical garden, or for it's current use as
a prison - but not much else.
Before 30,000 BCE —
Earth started being used a dumping ground and prison for IS-BEs who
were judged "untouchable", meaning criminal or non-conformists. IS-BEs
were captured, encapsulated in electronic traps and transported to
Earth from various parts of the "Old Empire". Underground "amnesia
stations" were set up on Mars and on Earth in the Rwenzori Mountains
134 (Footnote) in Africa, in the Pyrenees Mountains
of Portugal, and in steppes of
Mongolia. 136 (Footnote)
These electronic monitoring points create force screens designed to
detect and capture IS-BEs, when the IS-BE departs the body at death.
IS-BEs are brainwashed using extreme electronic force in order to
maintain Earth's population in state of perpetual amnesia. Further
population controls are installed through the use of long range
electronic thought control mechanisms. These stations are still in
operation and they are extremely difficult to attack or destroy,
even for The Domain, which will not maintain a significant military
force in this area until a later date.
pyramid civilizations were intentionally created as part of the
IS-BE prison system on Earth.
The pyramid is alleged to be the
symbol for "wisdom". However, the "wisdom" of the "Old Empire" on
planet Earth is intended to operate as part of the elaborate amnesia
"trap" consisting of MASS, MEANING and MYSTERY. These are opposite
to the qualities of an Immortal Spiritual Being which have no mass,
or meaning. An IS-BE "is" solely because it thinks that it "is".
MASS: represents the physical universe, including objects such as
stars, planets, gases, liquids, energy particles and tea cups. The
Pyramids were very, very solid objects, as were all of the
structures created by the "Old Empire". Heavy, massive, dense, solid
create the illusion of eternity. Dead bodies wrapped in linen,
soaked in resin, placed inside engraved golden coffins and entombed
with Earthly possessions amid cryptic symbols create an illusion of
eternal life. However, dense, heavy physical universe symbols are
the exact opposite of an IS-BE. An IS-BE has no mass or time.
Objects do not endure forever. An IS-BE "is" forever.
MEANING: False meanings prevent knowledge of the truth. The
cultures of Earth are a fabricated illusion. They are nothing more
than "false civilizations" contrived by the "Old Empire" mystery
cult called the Brothers of the Serpent. False meanings were
invented to create the illusion of a false society to further
reinforce the amnesia mechanism among the intimates in the Earth
MYSTERY: is built of lies and half-truths. Lies cause persistence
because they alter facts which are comprised of exact dates, places
and events. When truth is known, a lie no longer persists. If the
exact truth is revealed, it is no longer a mystery.
All of the pyramid civilizations of Earth were carefully contrived
of layer upon layer of lies, skillfully combined with a few truths.
The priest cult of the "Old Empire" combined sophisticated
mathematics and space opera technology, with theatrical metaphors
and symbolism. All of these are complete fabrications of truth,
baited with the allure of aesthetics and mystery.
The intricate rituals, astronomical alignments, secret rites,
massive monuments, marvelous architecture, artistically rendered
hieroglyphs and man-animal "gods" were designed to create an
unsolvable mystery for the IS-BE prison population on Earth. The
mystery diverts attention away from the truth that IS-BEs have been
captured, given amnesia and imprisoned on a planet far, far away
from their home.
The truth is that every single IS-BE on Earth came to Earth from
some other planetary system. Not one person on Earth is a "native"
inhabitant. Human beings did not "evolve" on Earth.
In the past, Egyptian society was run by the prison administrators
or priests, who, in turn, manipulated a Pharaoh, controlled the
treasury and kept the inmate population enslaved physically and
spiritually. In modern times, the priests have changed, but the
function is the same. However, now the priest are prisoners too.
Mystery reinforces the walls of the prison. The "Old Empire" feared
that the IS-BEs on Earth might regain their memory. Therefore, one
of the primary functions of The "Old Empire" priesthood is to
prevent IS-BEs on Earth from remembering who they really are, how
they came to Earth, where they came from.
The "Old Empire" operators of the prison system, and their
superiors, do not want IS-BEs to remember who murdered them,
captured them, stole all of their possessions, sent them to Earth,
gave them amnesia and condemned them to eternal imprisonment!
Imagine what might happen if all of the inmates in the prison
suddenly remembered that they have the right to be free! What if
they suddenly realized that they have been falsely imprisoned and
rise up as one against the guards?
They are afraid to reveal anything that looks like the civilization
of the inmates home planets. A body, a piece of clothing, a symbol,
a space ship, an advanced electronics device, or
any other remnant
of civilization from a home planet could "remind" a being and
rekindle his memory.
Sophisticated technologies of entrapment and enslavement, which were
developed over millions of years in the "Old Empire", have been
applied to the IS-BEs on Earth with the intention to create a false
facade for the prison. These facades were installed on Earth in
totality, all at once. Every piece is a fully integrated part of the
This includes a religion of mumbo-jumbo double-speak. Every pyramid
civilization uses this as part of a control mechanism to keep the
population enslaved by force, by fear and by ignorance. The
indecipherable muddle of irrelevant information, geometric designs,
mathematical calculation, astronomical alignments, are
part of a false spirituality based on solid objects, rather than
immortal spirits, in order to confuse and disorient the IS-BEs on
When the body of a person died they were buried with their Earthly
possessions, including their former body wrapped in linen, to
sustain their "soul" or "Ka" after death. An IS-BE does not "have"
as soul. An IS-BE is a soul.
On the home planet of an IS-BE their material possessions were not
lost, stolen or forgotten when the being died or left the body. An
IS-BE could return and claim the possessions. However, if the IS-BE
has amnesia, they will not remember that they had any possession.
So, governments, insurance companies, bankers, family members and
other vultures can pick their possessions clean without fear of
retribution from the deceased. 137 (Footnote)
The only reason for these false meanings is to instill the idea that
an IS-BE is NOT a spirit, but a physical object! This is a lie. It
is a trap for an IS-BE.
Countless people have spent endless hours attempting to solve the
jig-saw puzzle of Egypt and other "Old Empire" civilizations. They
are puzzles made of pieces that do not fit. A question states its
What is the mystery of
Egypt and other pyramid cultures?
circa 15,000 BCE -
The "Old Empire" forces supervised the construction of a hydraulic
mining operations in the Andes Mountains in present day Bolivia near
Lake Titicaca (Lake of Tin Stones) at
Tiahuanaco 138 (Footnote)
including construction of the massive stone complex of carved stone
buildings known as Kalasasaya and its "Gate of the Sun" at an
elevation of nearly 14,000 feet.
11,600 BCE -
The Polar Axis of Earth shifted
139 (Footnote) to a sea area. The last Ice Age came to an end abruptly as the polar ice caps
melted and the level of the ocean rose to submerge large sections of
the land masses of Earth. The last remaining vestiges of
covered by water. Massive extinctions of animals occurred in the
Americas, Australia and the Arctic Regions due to the shift of the
10,45 0 BCE —
Plans were made by the "Old Empire" IS-BE called
construction of a Great Pyramid of Giza. The 4 "air shafts" of the
pyramid point precisely to key stars in the "Old Empire" as seen
from Giza in this year. The alignment of the
Pyramids of Giza on the
ground matches perfectly the alignment of the constellation of Orion
as seen in the sky from Giza relative to the Nile as the earthly
representation of the Milky Way in the sky. 140 (Footnote)
10,400 BCE -
According to the Earth historian, Herodotus, records from the ruined
civilization of Atlantis, containing electronic technology and other
technology of that society, were buried in a vault beneath the paws
of The Sphinx. The Greek historian wrote that he was told this by
some of his friends who were Priests of
Anu, the Sumerian god, at
the Egyptian city of Heliopolis. However, it is highly unlikely that
any traces of an electronic civilization would be allowed to be left
intact on Earth by the "old empire" prison system administrators.
8,212 BCE —
The Veda or Vedic hymns are a set of religious hymns that were
introduced into the societies of Earth. They came forward in spoken
tradition, memorized, from generation to generation. "The Hymn to
the Dawn Child'' includes an idea called the "cycle of the physical
universe": the creation, growth, conservation, decay and death or
destruction of energy and matter in a space. These cycles produce
time. The same set of hymns describes the "theory of evolution".
Here is a tremendous body of knowledge which contains a great deal
of spiritual truth. Unfortunately, it has been incorrectly evaluated
by humans and altered with lies and reversals of fact by priests
which are a booby trap to prevent anyone from using the wisdom to
discover a way to escape from the prison planet.
8,050 BCE —
Destruction of the "Old Empire" home planet government in this
galaxy. This was the end of the "Old Empire" as a political entity
in the galaxy. However, the vast size of the "Old Empire" will take
many thousands of years for The Domain to conquer completely. The
inertia of the political, economic and cultural systems of the "Old
Empire" will remain in place for some time to come.
However, remnants of the "Old Empire" space fleet in the solar
system of Earth were finally destroyed in 1,230 AD. In addition to
operatives of the "Old Empire" who run the Earth prison operation,
there were other beings from the "Old Empire" who came to Earth.
Since Earth was no longer under the control of the "Old Empire"
after their defeat by The Domain Forces, there was no police force
to control military renegades, space pirates, miners, merchants and
entrepreneurs who came to Earth to exploit the resources of the
planet for personal gain, and many other nefarious reasons.
For example, the history of Earth, according to the Jewish people,
describes the "Nephilim". 142 (Footnote)
Chapter 6 of The Book of
Genesis, describes the origin of the "Nephilim" :
"Now it came about, when men began to multiply on the face of the
land, and daughters were born to them, that the "sons of God" saw
that the daughters of men were beautiful; and they took wives for
themselves, whomever they chose.
The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward,
when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore
children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of
The ancient Jewish people who wrote the history book called the Old
Testament were slaves, herders and gatherers. Any modern technology,
even a simple flashlight, would seem astounding and miraculous to
them. They attributed any unexplainable phenomenon or technology to
the workings of a "god". Unfortunately, this behavior is universal
among all IS-BEs who have been given amnesia, and cannot remember
experiences, training, technology, personality or identity.
Obviously, if these were men, and they mated with Earth women, they
were not "sons of god". They were IS-BEs who inhabited biological
bodies in order to take advantage of the political situation in the
"Old Empire", or simply to indulge in physical sensation. They set
up small colonies of their own on Earth beyond the reach of the
police and tax authorities.
Coincidentally, one of the most serious crimes an IS-BE could commit
in the "Old Empire" was to violate income tax regulations. Income
taxes were used as a slavery mechanism and as a punishment in the
"Old Empire". The slightest error in a tax report made an IS-BE
"untouchable", followed by imprisonment on Earth.
6,750 BCE —
Pyramid civilizations were set up by the "Old Empire" on
Earth. These were established in Babylon, Egypt, China and
Mesoamerica. The Mesopotamian area provided service facilities,
communication stations, space ports, and stone quarry operations for
these false civilizations.
Ptah was the name given to the first in a succession of
administrators from the "Old Empire" who represented themselves to
the Earth population as "divine" rulers.
Ptah's importance may be understood when one learns that the word
"Egypt" is a Greek corruption of the phrase
"Het-Ka-Ptah," or "House of the Spirit of Ptah". Ptah,
was nick-named "The Developer". He was a construction engineer. His
high priest was given the title 'Great Leader of Craftsmen'.
Ptah was also the god of reincarnation in Egypt. He originated the
"opening of the mouth ceremony" which was performed by priests at
funerals to "release souls" from their corpses. Of course, when the
"souls" were released, they were captured, given amnesia, and
returned to Earth again.
The so-called "Devine" rulers who followed Ptah on Earth were called
"Ntr", meaning "Guardians or
Watchers" by the Egyptians. Their
symbol was the Serpent, or Dragon which represented a secret
priesthood of the "Old Empire" called the "Brothers of the Serpent".
"Old Empire" engineers used cutting tools of highly concentrated
light waves to quickly carve and excavate stone blocks. 143 (Footnote) They also used force fields and space craft to lift and
transport blocks of stone weighing hundred or thousands of tons
each. The placement on the ground of some of these structures will
be found to have geodetic or astronomical significance relative to
various stars in this galactic region.
The buildings are crude and impractical, compared to building
standards on most planets. As an engineer of The Domain, I can
attest that make-shift structures like these would never pass
inspection on a planet in The Domain. Stone blocks such as those
used in the pyramid civilizations can still be seen, partially
excavated, in the stone quarries in the Middle East 144 (Footnote)
Most of the structures were hastily built "props", much like the
false facades of a western town on the set of a motion picture. They
appear to be real, and to have some use or value however, they have
no value. They have no useful purpose. The pyramids and all of the
other stone monuments erected by the "Old Empire" could be called
For what reason would anyone waste so many
resources to construct so many useless buildings? To create a
The fact of the matter is that each one of the "divine rulers" were
IS-BEs who served as operatives of the "Old Empire". They were
certainly not "divine", although they were IS-BEs.
6248 BCE -
The beginning of active warfare between
The Domain Space
Command and the surviving remnants of the "Old Empire" space fleet
in this solar system that lasted nearly 7,500 years. It began when
an installation was established in the Himalaya mountains by a
battalion of the 3,000 officers and crew members of The Domain
Expeditionary Force. The installation was not fortified
as The Domain was not aware that the "Old Empire" maintained Earth
as a prison planet.
The Domain installation was attacked and destroyed by space forces
of the "Old Empire" who continued to operate in the solar system of
Earth. IS-BEs of The Domain battalion were captured, taken to Mars,
given amnesia, and sent back to Earth to inhabit human biological
bodies. They are still on Earth.
5,965 BCE —
Investigations into the disappearance of Domain forces in this solar
system led to the discovery of "Old Empire" bases on Mars and
elsewhere. The Domain took over the planet Venus 145 (Footnote) as a
defensive position against the space forces of the "Old Empire". The
Domain Expeditionary Force also monitors life forms on Venus which
has a very dense, hot and heavy atmosphere of sulfuric acid clouds.
There are a few life forms on Earth that can endure an atmospheric
environment like Venus. 146 (Footnote)
The Domain also established secret installations or space stations
in the Earth solar system. This solar system has a planet that is
broken up - the asteroid belt. 147 (Footnote) It provides a very
useful low-gravity platform for take off and landing of space craft.
It is used as a "galactic jump" between the Milky Way and adjoining
There aren't any planets at this end of the galaxy that
can serve as a good galactic entering spot for incoming transport,
and other ships. But this broken up planet makes a very ideal space
station. As a result of our war against the "Old Empire", this area
of the solar system is now a valuable possession of The Domain.
3,450 - 3,100 BCE —
The intervention into the affairs on Earth by the "Old Empire"
operatives or "divine gods" was disrupted at this time by The Domain
Forces. They were forced to replace themselves with human rulers.
The First Dynasty of human Pharaohs who united Upper and Lower Egypt
began with the rule of a Pharaoh who, coincidentally, was named
"MEN". He established the capital city called Men-Nefer, "The Beauty
of Men" in Egypt. This started
the first succession of 10 human Pharaohs and a period of 350 years
of chaos that followed in the administrative ranks of the "Old
3,200 BCE —
As I mentioned earlier, Earth was under attack between The Domain
and the "Old Empire" forces during this period. Of course this does
not make any sense to archaeologists or historians on Earth, because
the Egyptian period is a space opera era period. Since Earth
historians have amnesia, they assume that this was only a religious
Further, because the technology and civilizations installed on Earth
during this period were "prepackaged", they did not "evolve" on
Earth. Of course, there is no evidence anywhere on Earth of an
evolutionary transition which resulted in sophisticated mathematics,
language, writing, religion, architecture, cultural traditions in
Egypt or any of the pyramid civilizations. These cultures, complete
with all of the details of racial body types, hair-styles, facial
makeup, rituals, moral codes and so forth, just "appeared" as
complete integrated packages.
The physical evidence suggests that all evidence of the intervention
of The Domain or "Old Empire" Forces, or any other extraterrestrial
activity, has been carefully "cleaned up", so as not to create
The "Old Empire" force does not want the IS-BEs of Earth
to suspect that they have been captured, transplanted to Earth and
So, Earth historians continue to assume that Egyptian priests were
not supposed to have "ray guns" or other technology of the "Old
Empire". And, they suppose that there was nothing going on, on
Earth, except some priests walking around saying 'Amen', which the
Christians still say.
3,172 BCE -
Layout of the astronomical grid that joins the key mining
sites and astronomical buildings of 'the gods' in the Andes
Mountains such as
Tiahuanaco, 148 (Footnote) Cuzco, Quito, the
cities of Ollantaytambu, 149 (Footnote)
15 (Footnote) and Pachacamac 151
(Footnote) for the mining of rare
metals, including tin for use in making bronze. Metals were the
property of "the gods", of course.
A great variety of entrepreneurial mining was done on Earth at that
time due to the war between the "Old Empire" force and The Domain.
These miners did carve a few sculptures of themselves. They are seen
wearing mining helmets. The Ponce stela sculpture in the sunken
courtyard of the Kalasasaya temple is a crude rendering of a stone
worker using an electronic, light-wave emitting stone cutter and
carving tools, held in a holster. 152 (Footnote)
The "Old Empire" has also maintained mining operations on planets
throughout the galaxy for a very long time. The mineral resources of
Earth are now a property of The Domain.
2,450 BCE —
153 (Footnote) and complex of pyramids near
Cairo were completed. An inscription created by the "Old Empire"
administrators can be seen in the so-called
Pyramid texts. 154
(Footnote) The texts say that the
pyramid was built under the direction of Thoth, Son of Ptah. Of
course there was never a King buried in the chamber, since the
pyramids were never intended to be used as a burial chamber.
The great pyramid was located precisely at the exact center of all
of the land masses of Earth, 155 (Footnote) as viewed from space.
Obviously such precise measurements require aerial perspective and a
view of the land masses of Earth from space. Purely mathematical
calculations of the geodetic center of the continents of Earth could
not be made otherwise.
Shafts were constructed inside the pyramid to align with the
configuration of stars in the constellation of Orion, Canus Majora,
and specifically Sirius. The shafts are also aligned to the Big
Dipper, where the home planet of the "Old Empire" existed. Also,
Ainitak, Alpha Draconis and Beta Ursa Minor. 156 (Footnote) These
stars are each one of the key systems in the "Old Empire" from which
IS-BEs were brought to Earth and dumped, as unwanted merchandise.
The configuration of all the pyramids of the Giza Plateau was
intended to create a "mirror image", on Earth of the solar system
and certain constellations within the "Old Empire".
2,181 BCE —
MIN, became the God of Fertility of Egypt. The IS-BE, also known as
Pan, was also a Greek god. Min or Pan, was an IS-BE who somehow
managed to escape from the "Old Empire" amnesia system.
2,160 - 2040 BCE —
One of the results of the intensifying battle between The Domain
Forces and the "Old Empire" forces was that the control of the
"divine rulers", was broken at this time. They finally left Egypt
and returned to the "heavens", so to speak, in defeat. Human beings
took over the ruling role as Pharaohs. The first human pharaoh moved
the Capital city of Egypt from Memphis to Heracleopolis. 158 (Footnote)
1,500 BCE -This is the date for the destruction of Atlantis given by
the Egyptian high-priests, Psenophis of Heliopolis, and Sonchis of
Sais, to the Greek sage Solon. 159 (Footnote)
The Priests of Anu recorded that the Mediterranean area was invaded
by "Atlantean" people about this time. Of course, these people were
not from the ancient continent of Atlanta, in the Atlantic Ocean,
which existed more than 70,000 years earlier.
These were refugees from the Minoan civilization on Crete escaping
from the volcanic eruption and tidal waves of Mt. Thera that
destroyed their civilization.
Plato's references to Atlantis were borrowed from the writings of
the Greek philosopher Solon, who was given the information by the
Egyptian priest who called Atlantis "Kepchu", which also happens to
be the Egyptian name for the people of Crete.
Some of the survivors
of the Minoan volcanic disaster asked Egypt for help, since they
were the only other civilization with high culture in the
Mediterranean area at the time. 160 (Footnote)
1351 BCE - 1337 BCE —
The Domain Expeditionary Force actively waged a war of religious
conquest against the Egyptian mystery cult called the Priest of Amun,
also known as the "Old Empire"
Brothers of The Serpent. During this
time the Pharaoh Akhenaten abolished the priesthood of Amun, and
moved the capital of Egypt from Thebes to the new location at Amarna,
at the exact geodetic center of Egypt 161 (Footnote). However, this
plot to overthrow the "Old Empire" religious control was quickly
1,193 BCE —
In the Near East and Achaea, the Greeks and Trojans fought for
supremacy, which ended in the destruction of Troy as the finale of
the Trojan War. 162 (Footnote) During this same time, war was being
fought out in the space of the solar system between two forces for
control of the "space stations" surrounding Earth. That period of
300 years was a very violent resistance to The Domain Forces by the
remnants of the "Old Empire" forces. It did not last long however,
as it is futile to resist The Domain.
850 BCE —
Homer, the blind Greek poet,
163 (Footnote) wrote the stories 'the
gods' as borrowed and modified from earlier sources in Vedic texts,
Sumerian texts, Babylonian and Egyptian mythology. His poems, as
well as many other "myths" of the ancient world are very accurate
descriptions of the exploits of IS-BE's on Earth who were able to
avoid the "Old Empire amnesia operation and operate without
700 BCE -
The Vedic Hymns were first translated in the Greek language. This
was the beginning of a cultural revolution in Western civilization
that transformed crude and brutal tribal cultures into democratic
republics based on more reasonable conduct.
638 - 559 BCE —
Solon, a wise man from Greece, reported the existence of Atlantis.
This was information he received from the
"Old Empire" high-priests, Psenophis of Heliopolis and Sonchis of
Sais, with whom he studied in Egypt. 164 (Footnote)
630 BCE -
(Footnote) created religious practices in Persia
around an IS-BE called Ahura Mazda. 166 (Footnote) This was yet
another of the growing number of "monotheistic" gods put in place by
operatives of The Domain to displace a panoply of "Old Empire" gods.
604 BCE -
Laozi, a philosopher who wrote a small book called "The Way",
167 (Footnote) was an IS-BE of great wisdom, who overcame the effects of
the "Old Empire" amnesia/hypnosis machinery and escaped from
Earth. His understanding of the nature of an IS-BE must have been
very good to accomplish this.
According to the common legend, his last lifetime as a human was
lived in a small village in China. He contemplated the essence of
his own life. Like Gautama Siddhartha, he confronted his own
thoughts, and past lives. In so doing, he recovered some of his own
memory, ability and immortality.
As an old man, he decided to leave the village and go to the forest
to depart the body. The village gatekeeper stopped him and begged
him to write down his personal philosophy before leaving.
Here is a
small piece of advice he gave about "the way" he rediscovered his
"He who looks will not see it;
He who listens will not hear it;
who gropes will not grasp it.
The formless nonentity,
the motionless source of motion.
infinite essence of the spirit is the source of
Spirit is self.
Walls form and support a room,
yet the space between them is most important.
A pot is formed of
yet the space formed therein is most useful.
Action is caused by the force of nothing on something,
just as the nothing of spirit is the source of all form.
One suffers great afflictions because one has a body.
Without a body
what afflictions could one suffer?
When one cares more for the body
than for his own spirit,
One becomes the body and looses the way of the spirit.
The self, the
spirit, creates illusion.
The delusion of Man is that reality is not an illusion.
creates illusions and makes them more real than reality,
path of the spirit and finds the way of heaven".
593 BCE -
The Genesis story written by the Jewish people describe
"angels" or "sons of god" mating with women of Earth, who bore them
children. These were probably renegades from the "Old Empire". They
may also have been space pirates or merchants from a system outside
the galaxy who came to steal mineral resources, or smuggle drugs.
The Domain has observed that there are many visitors to Earth from
neighboring planets and galaxies, but they rarely stop and live
here. What kind of beings would live on a prison planet if they were
not forced to do so?
The same book also reports the story of a human named
witnessed a spacecraft or aircraft landing near Chebar River in
Chaldea. His description of the craft uses very archaic language,
technically, but is nevertheless, quite an accurate description of
an "Old Empire" saucer or scout craft. It is similar to the sighting
of "vimanas" by the people in the foothills of the Himalayas.
Their Genesis story also mentions that "Yahweh" designed biological
bodies to live for 120 years on Earth. Biological bodies on most
"Sun Type 12, Class 7" planets are usually engineered to last for an
average of about 150 years. Human bodies on Earth last only about
one half as long. We suspect this is because the prison
administrators have altered the biological material of human bodies
on Earth to die more frequently so that the
IS-BEs who inhabit them will recycle through the amnesia mechanism
more frequently. 168 (Footnote)
It should be noted that much of the "Old Testament" was written
during the captivity of the Jews who were enslaved in Babylon, which
was very heavily controlled by priests of the "Old Empire". The book
introduces a false sense of time and a false concept of the origin
of the creation.
The serpent is the symbol of the "Old Empire". It appears in the
beginning of their creation story, or as the Greeks say, "Genesis",
and causes the spiritual destruction of the first human beings, who
are metaphorically represented by Adam and Eve.
The Old Testament, clearly influenced by the "Old Empire" Forces,
gives a detailed description of the IS-BEs being induced into
biological bodies on Earth. This book also describes many of the
"Old Empire" brainwashing activities, including the installation of
false memories, lies, superstitions, commands to "forget" and all
manner of tricks and traps designed to keep IS-BEs on Earth. Most
importantly, it destroys the awareness that humans are Immortal
580 BCE —
The Oracle at Delphi was one temple in a network of many oracle
temples. Each temple was a communication center. The "Old Empire"
priests designated a local "god" for each temple. Each of the
temples in this network were located at precisely 5 degrees of
latitude intervals from the capital city of Thebes throughout the
Mediterranean area as far north as the Baltic Sea.
The shrines served, among other things, as a grid, housing
electronic beacons, later called "Omphalus Stones". 169
The grid arrangement of Oracle sites can only be seen from miles
above the Earth. The original network of electronic communications
beacons were disabled when the priesthood was dispersed, and were
replaced by carved stones.
The symbol of the "Old Empire" priesthood is a Python, dragon or
serpent. It was called the "earth-dragon" at
Delphi, which is always represented in sculpture and vase-paintings
as a serpent.
In Greek mythology the guardian of the Omphalus Stone at the temple
at Delphi was an oracle whose name was Python, the serpent. 170
(Footnote) She was an IS-BE, who was
conquered by a "god" named Apollo. He buried her under the Omphalos
stone. This is a case of one "god" setting up his temple on the
grave of another. This is a very accurate euphemism for The Domain
Force that detected and disabled the "Old Empire" temple network on
It was one of the fatal blows to the "Old Empire" Force in
the solar system of Earth.
559 BCE -
The Commanding Officer of The Domain Battalion who was lost in 5,965
BCE was detected and located by a search party sent to Earth from
The Domain Expeditionary Force. He was incarnated as Cyrus II of
Persia during this
time. 171 (Footnote)
A unique system of organization was used by Cyrus II
and the members of that Battalion who followed him from India
through his progression of human lives on Earth. In part, it enabled
them to build the largest empire in the history of the Earth to that
The Domain Search Party who located him traveled around the Earth
searching for the lost Battalion for several thousand years. The
party consisted of 900 officers of The Domain, divided into teams of
300 each. One team searched the land, another team search the oceans
and the third team searched the space surrounding Earth. There are
many reports made in various human civilizations concerning their
activities, which humans did not understand, of course.
The Domain Search Party devised a wide variety of electronic
detection devices needed to track the electronic signature or
wavelength of each of the missing members of the Battalion. Some
were used in space, others on land, and special devices were
invented to detect IS-BEs under water.
One of these electronic detection devices is referred to as a "tree
of life". 173 (Footnote)
The device is literally a
tool designed to detect the presence of life, which is an IS-BE.
This was a large electronic screen generator designed to permeate
wide areas. To the ancient humans on Earth it resembled a sort of
tree, since is consists of an interwoven lattice of electronic field
generators and receivers. The electronic field detects the presence
of IS-BEs, whether the IS-BE is occupying a body, or if they are
outside a body.
A portable version of this detection device was carried by each of
the members of The Domain Search Party. Stone carvings in
show winged beings using pinecone-shaped instruments to scan the
bodies of human beings. They are also shown carrying the power unit
for the scanner which are depicted as stylized baskets or water
buckets, being carried by eagle-headed, winged beings. 174 (Footnote)
Members of the aerial unit of The Domain Search Party, led by Ahura
Mazda, were often called "winged gods" in human interpretations.
Throughout the Persian civilization there are a great many stone
relief carving that depict winged space craft, that they called a
"faravahar". 175 (Footnote)
Members of the Aquatic Unit of The Domain Search Party were called "Oannes"
by local humans. 176 (Footnote) Stone carvings of the so-called
Oannes are shown wearing silver diving suits. They lived in the sea
and appeared to the human population to be men dressed to look like
fish. Some members of the lost Battalion were found in the oceans
inhabiting the bodies of dolphins or whales. 177 (Footnote)
Therefore, although mythology and history may be based on factual
events, they are likewise full of misunderstood and misinterpreted
evaluations of the data, and embellished with assumptions, theories
and hypotheses which are false.
The space unit of The Domain Expeditionary Force are shown flying in
a "Winged-Disc". 179 (Footnote) This is an allusion to the spiritual
power of the IS-BEs, as well as to the space craft used by The
Domain Search Party.
The Commander of the lost Battalion, as Cyrus II, was an IS-BE who
was regarded as a messiah on Earth by both the Jews, and the
Muslims. In less than 50 years he established a highly ethical, and
humanitarian philosophy which pervaded all of Western Civilization.
His territorial conquests, organization of people and monumental
building projects were unprecedented before or since. Such sweeping
accomplishments in a short period of time could only have been
achieved by a leader and a team of trained officers, pilots,
engineers and crew members of a unit of The Domain, acting as a
team, who had been trained and worked together for thousands of
Although we have discovered the location of many of the IS-BEs in
the lost Battalion, The Domain has been unable to restore their
memory and return them to active duty as yet.
Of course we cannot transport IS-BEs who are inhabiting biological
bodies to the space stations of The Domain since there is no oxygen
in our space craft. Also we do not maintain life support facilities
for biological entities there. Our only hope has been to locate and
rekindle the awareness, memory and identity of the IS-BEs of the
Lost Battalion. One day they will be capable of rejoining us.
200 BCE —
The last remnant of the "Old Empire" pyramid civilization is at
"Teotihuacan" 181 (Footnote). The Aztec name means "place of the
gods" or "where men were transformed into gods". Like the
configuration of the Giza pyramids in Egypt, the entire complex is a
precise scale-model of the solar system that accurately reflects the
orbital distances of the inner planets, the asteroid belt, Jupiter,
Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. Since the planet Uranus had only
been "discovered" with modern Earth telescopes in 1787, and Pluto
not until 1930, it is apparent that the builders had information
from "other sources".
A common element of the Pyramid Civilizations around the Earth is
the constant use of the image of the snake, dragon, or serpent. This
is because the beings who planted these civilizations here want to
create an illusion that the "gods" are reptilian. This is also a
part of an illusion designed to perpetuate amnesia. The beings who
placed false civilizations on Earth are IS-BEs, just like you. Many
of the biological bodies inhabited by IS-BEs in the "Old Empire" are
very similar in appearance to the bodies on Earth. The "gods" are
not reptiles, although they often behave like snakes.
1,034 - 1,124 AD -
The entire Arab world was enslaved by one man: Hasan ibn-al-Sabbah
182 (Footnote), the Old Man of the Mountain. He
the Hashshashin who operated a part of Mohammedanism
which controlled by terror and fear much of India, Asia Minor and
most of the Mediterranean Basin. They became a priesthood that used
an extremely effective mind-control mechanism and extortion tool
that enabled the "Assassins" to control the civilized world for
several hundred years.
Their method was simple. Young men were kidnapped and knocked
unconscious with hashish. They were taken to a garden filled with
beautiful black-eyed houris in a harem decorated with rivers of milk
and honey. The young men were told that they were in paradise. They
were promised they could return and live there forever if they
sacrificed themselves as an assassin of whomever they were commanded
to kill. The men were knocked out again, and shoved out into the
world to carry out the assassination mission.
Meanwhile, the Old Man of the Mountain sent a messenger to the
caliph or, whatever wealthy ruler from whom they demanded payment,
demanding camel-loads of gold, spices,
incense or other valuables. If payment did not arrive on time, the
assassin would be sent to kill the offending party. There was
virtually no defense against the unknown assailant who wanted
nothing more than to carry out his mission, be killed and return to
This is a very crude example of how simple and effective a
brainwashing and mind-control operation can be when it is used
skillfully, and forcefully. It is a small scale demonstration of how
the amnesia mind-control operation is used against the entire IS-BE
population of Earth by the "Old Empire".
1119 AD —
183 (Footnote) was established as a Christian
military unit after the First Crusade but quickly transformed into
the basis for the international banking system to accumulate money
to conduct the agenda of operatives for vestiges of the "Old Empire"
1135 - 1230 AD
The Domain Expeditionary Force completed the annihilation of the
remaining remnants of the "Old Empire" space fleet operating in the
solar system around Earth. Unfortunately, their long established
thought control operation remains largely intact.
The Knights Templar was disbanded by King Philip IV of France, who
was deeply in debt to the Order. 184 (Footnote) He
pressured Pope Clement V to condemn the Order's members, have them
arrested, tortured them into giving false confessions, and burned
them at the stake in an effort to erase his debt by seizing all of
A majority of the Templars fled to Switzerland where they
international banking system 185 (Footnote) which
secretly controls the economy of Earth.
"Old Empire" operatives act as an unseen influence on international
bankers. 186 (Footnote) The banks are operated covertly as a
on-combatant provocateur to covertly promote and finance weapons and
warfare between the nations of Earth. Warfare is an internal
control over the inmate population. 187 (Footnote)
The purpose of the senseless genocide and carnage of wars financed
by these international banks is to prevent the IS-BEs of Earth from
sharing open communication, cooperate together in activities that
might enable IS-BEs to prosper, become enlightened, and escape their
124 "... the "Old Empire", whose
headquarters located near one of the "tail stars" in the Ursa
Major (Big Dipper)..." The "Tail Stars" of Ursa Major are Alcor,
Alioth, and Alkaid."
-- Reference: Wikipedia.org
125 "... radioactivity..."
weapons emit large amounts of electromagnetic radiation as
visible, infrared, and ultraviolet light. The chief hazards are
burns and eye injuries. On clear days, these injuries can occur
well beyond blast ranges. The light is so powerful that it can
start fires that spread rapidly in the debris left by a blast.
The range of thermal effects increases markedly with weapon
yield. Thermal radiation accounts for between 35-45% of the
energy released in the explosion, depending on the yield of the
The first atomic bomb actually used
in war time was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6th, 1945 killing
between 130,000 and 150,000 people by the end of that year.
Those who survived the bombing are rapidly aging now after
struggling for many years. In Hiroshima, a tremendous fire storm
developed within 20 minutes after detonation and destroyed many
more buildings and homes. A fire storm has gale force winds
blowing in towards the center of the fire from all points of the
Mr. Hiroshi Sawachika was 28 years
old when the bomb was dropped. He was an army doctor stationed
at the army headquarters in Ujina. When he was exposed, he was
inside the building at the headquarters, 4.1 km from the
hypocenter. Being rather far from the hypocenter, he was not
Afterwards, he was very busy getting medical
treatment to the survivors.
INTERVIEWER: How many patients did
you treat on August 6?
ANSWER: Well, at least 2 or 3
thousand on that very day if you include those patients whom I
gave directions to. I felt that as if once that day started, it
never ended. I had to keep on and on treating the patients
forever. It was the longest day of my life. Later on, when I had
time to reflect on that day, I came to realize that we, doctors
learned a lot through the experience, through the suffering of
all those people. It's true that the lack of medical knowledge,
medical facilities, integrated organization and so on prevented
us from giving sufficient medical treatment. Still there was a
lot for us, medical doctors to learn on that day. I learned that
the nuclear weapons which gnaw the minds and bodies of human
beings should never be used. Even the slightest idea using
nuclear arms should be completely exterminated the minds of
human beings. Otherwise, we will repeat the same tragedy. And we
will never stop being ashamed of ourselves."
"Atlantis was a continent. Its capital was called by the same
name or by that of Poseidonis, and was located on an island next
to its coast. After this continent sunk under the seas, only the
peaks of its loftiest mountains remained above the water,
forming what the ancients later knew as the Islands of the
Blest, and which we know as those of Indonesia.
Atlantis created a worldwide empire, and had colonies the world
over. These colonies, as usual, attempted to duplicate the
motherland, as colonists are wont to do. Atlantis and Lemuria
have been grossly distorted and misplaced by all sorts of
investigators in what concerns both their epochs and their sizes
and locations. Indeed, Atlantis and Lemuria coexisted side by
side, at more or less the same date.
Lemuria was the archetypal Atlantis, the same as
Eden or Paradise, the site of origin of both Mankind and
Civilization. From there, the Lemurian Atlanteans colonized the
nearby region of India, which became its "twin" and partner. In
mythical terms, we can say that Lemuria-Indonesia was the
Mother, and that Atlantis-India was the Father of all the other
Our Atlantean heritage also encompasses the arts and techniques
such as Agriculture and Animal Domestication, the greatest
inventions ever. Without the domesticated plants and animals —
most or all of which originated in Atlantis, and often embody an
advanced use of genetic engineering — Civilization could never
have developed at all. Besides these, a series of inventions of
mysterious origins, who came to us from the dawn of time, are
also owed to Atlantis and Lemuria: metallurgy, stone masonry and
sculpture, paper, the alphabet, medicinal drugs, gunpowder,
weaving, and so on."
"Lemuria is the name of a hypothetical "lost land" variously
located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Its 19th century
origins lie in attempts to account for discontinuities in
biogeography. Though Lemuria has passed out of the realm of
conventional science, it has been adopted by occult writers, as
well as some Tamil writers of India. Accounts of Lemuria differ
according to the requirements of their contexts, but all share a
common belief that a continent existed in ancient times and sank
beneath the ocean as a result of geological change, often
Lemuria entered the lexicon of the Occult through the works of
Madame Blavatsky, who claimed in the 1880s to have been shown an
Book of Dzyan by the Mahatmas. Kumari
Kandam is a sunken kingdom sometimes compared with Lemuria.
According to these modernist interpretations of motifs in
classical Tamil literature — the epics Cilappatikaram and
Manimekalai that describe the submerged city of Puhar — the
Dravidians originally came from land south of the present day
coast of South India that became submerged by successive floods.
There are various claims from Tamil
authors that there was a large land mass connecting Australia
and the present day Tamil Nadu coast.
It is interesting to note that Madame Blavatsky described the
Lemurians (her third root race) as being colored black and
described the Negroid race, the Dravidians and the Australoids,
Papuans and Melanesians as being descended from them.
prior to the acceptance of continental drift, biologists
frequently postulated submerged land masses in order to account
for populations of land-based species now separated by barriers
of water. Similarly, geologists tried to account for striking
resemblances of rock formations on different continents. The
first systematic attempt was made by Melchior Neumayr in his
book Erdgeschichte in 1887. Many hypothetical submerged land
bridges and continents were proposed during the 19th century, in
order to account for the present distribution of species.
As Lemuria gained some acceptance within the scientific
community, it began to appear in the works of other scholars.
Ernst Haeckel, a German Darwinian taxonomist, proposed Lemuria
as an explanation for the absence of "missing link" fossil
records. According to another source, Haeckel put forward this
thesis prior to Sclater (but without using the name 'Lemuria').
Locating the origins of the human species on this lost
continent, he claimed the fossil record could not be found
because it had sunk beneath the sea.
Other scientists hypothesized that Lemuria had extended across
parts of the Pacific oceans, explaining distributions of species
across Asia and the Americas.
The Lemuria theory disappeared completely from conventional
scientific consideration after the theories of plate tectonics
and continental drift were accepted by the larger scientific
community. According to the theory of plate tectonics (which is
nowadays the only accepted paradigm in geology), Madagascar and
India were indeed once part of the same landmass (thus
accounting for geological resemblances), but plate movement
caused India to break away millions of years ago, and move to
its present location. The original landmass broke apart - it did
not sink beneath the sea level."
128 ..."Lake Toba in Sumatra"...
The Toba eruption (the Toba event) occurred at what is now Lake
Toba about 67,500 to 75,500 years ago. It had an estimated
Volcanic Explosivity Index of 8 (described as "mega-colossal"),
making it possibly the largest explosive volcanic eruption
within the last twenty-five million years. The total amount of
erupted material was about 2800 cubic km (670 cubic miles) —
around 2,000 km3 of ignimbrite that flowed over the ground and
around 800 km3 that fell as ash, with the wind blowing most of
it to the west.
By contrast, the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens ejected
around 1.2 cubic km of material, whilst the largest volcanic
eruption in historic times, at Mount Tambora in 1815, emitted
the equivalent of around 100 cubic kilometers of dense rock and
created the Year Without a Summer" as far away as North
The Toba eruption was the latest of a series of at least three
calderra-forming eruptions which have occurred at the volcano.
Earlier calderas were formed around 700,000 and 840,000 years
To give an idea of its magnitude, consider that although the
eruption took place in Indonesia, it deposited an ash layer
approximately 15 cm (6 in) thick over the entire Indian
subcontinent; at one site in central India, the Toba ash layer
today is up to 6 m (20 feet) thick and parts of Malaysia were
covered with 9 m of ashfall. In addition it has been calculated
that 1010 metric tons of sulphuric acid was ejected into the
atmosphere by the event, causing acid rain fallout."
-- Reference: Wikipedia.org
129 "...Mt. Krakatoa..."
"Mt. Krakatoa is a volcanic island in the Sunda Strait between Java
and Sumatra in Indonesia. The name is used for the island group,
the main island (also called Rakata), and the volcano as a
whole. It has erupted repeatedly, massively, and with disastrous
consequences throughout recorded history. The best known
eruption culminated in a series of massive explosions on August
26-27 1883, which was among the most violent volcanic events in
With a Volcanic Explosivity Index of
6, it was equivalent to 200 megatonnes of TNT — about 13,000
times the yield of the Little Boy bomb (13 to 16 KT), which
devastated Hiroshima, Japan. The 1883 eruption ejected more than
25 cubic kilometres of rock, ash, and pumice, and generated the
loudest sound historically reported: the cataclysmic explosion
was distinctly heard as far away as Perth in Australia approx.
1,930 miles (3,110 km), and the island of Rodrigues near
Mauritius approx. 3,000 miles (5,000 km).
Near Krakatoa, according to official
records, 165 villages and towns were destroyed and 132 seriously
damaged, at least 36,417 (official toll) people died, and many
thousands were injured by the eruption, mostly from the tsunamis
which followed the explosion. The eruption destroyed two thirds
of the island of Krakatoa. Eruptions at the volcano since 1927
have built a new island in the same location, called Anak
Krakatau (child of Krakatoa)."
-- Reference: Wikipedia.org
130 "... colossal volcanic
"A supervolcano is a volcano that produces the
largest and most voluminous kinds of eruption on Earth. The
explosivity of such eruptions varies, but the volume of ejected
tephra is enough to radically alter the landscape and severely
affect global climate for years, with cataclysmic consequences
for life VEI-8 volcanic events have included eruptions at the
Estimates of the volume of erupted
material are given in parentheses.
Lake Taupo, North Island, New
Zealand - Oruanui eruption 26,500 years ago (1,170 km³)
Lake Toba, Sumatra, Indonesia -
75,000 years ago (2,800 km³)
Yellowstone Caldera, Wyoming,
United States - 2.2 million years ago (2,500 km³) and
640,000 years ago (1,000 km³)
La Garita Caldera, Colorado,
United States - Source of the truly enormous eruption of the
Fish Canyon Tuff 27.8 million years ago (~5,000 km³)
The Lake Toba eruption plunged the
Earth into a volcanic winter, eradicating an estimated 60% of
the human population (although humans managed to survive, even
in the vicinity of the volcano), and was responsible for the
formation of sulfuric acid in the atmosphere. Many other
supermassive eruptions have also occurred in the geological
-- Reference: Wikipedia.org
131 "... due to atmospheric pollution as well as an extensive
period during which radiation from the sun is deflected back
into space, and cause global cooling..."
"Nuclear winter is a
hypothetical global climate condition that is predicted to
be a possible outcome of a large-scale nuclear war. It is
thought that severely cold weather can be caused by
detonating large numbers of nuclear weapons, especially over
flammable targets such as cities, where large amounts of
smoke and soot would be injected into the Earth's
stratosphere. The term has also been applied to one of the
after-effects of an supervolcano eruption.
A global average surface cooling of -7°C to -8°C persists
for years, and after a decade the cooling is still -4°C
(Fig. 2). Considering that the global average cooling at the
depth of the last ice age 18,000 yr ago was about-5°C, this
would be a climate change unprecedented in speed and
amplitude in the history of the human race. The temperature
changes are largest over land... Cooling of more than -20°C
occurs over large areas of North America and of more than
-30°C over much of Eurasia, including all agricultural
-- Reference: Wikipedia.org
132 "...The global cataclysm that destroyed the dinosaurs..."
"In the past 600 million years there have been five major mass
extinctions that on average extinguished half of all species.
The largest mass extinction to have affected life on Earth was
in the Permian-Triassic, which ended the Permian period 250
million years ago and killed off 90% of all species. The last
such mass extinction led to the demise of the dinosaurs and has
been found to have coincided with a large asteroid impact; this
is the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event.
There is no solid evidence of
impacts leading to the four other major mass extinctions, though
a recent report from Ohio State scientists stated that they have
located a 483-km diameter impact crater beneath the East
Antarctic Ice Sheet which may date back about 250 million years,
based on gravity measurements, which might associate it with the
Permian-Triassic extinction event.
In 1980, physicist Luis Alvarez, his son, geologist Walter
Alvarez, and nuclear chemists Frank Asaro and Helen V. Michael
from the University of California, Berkeley discovered unusually
high concentrations of iridium, an element that is rare in the
Earth's crust but relatively abundant in many meteorites. From
the amount and distribution of iridium present in the 65 million
year old "iridium layer", the Alvarez team later estimated that
an asteroid of 10-14 kilometers must have collided with the
This iridium layer at the K-T
boundary has been found worldwide at 100 different sites.
Multidirectionally shocked quartz (coesite), which is only known
to form as the result of large impacts or atomic bomb
explosions, has also been found in the same layer at more than
30 sites. Soot and ash at levels tens of thousands times normal
levels were found with the above."
"The geologic record of terminal Cretaceous environmental events
indicates that iridium and other associated elements were not
deposited instantaneously but during a time interval spanning
some 10,000 to 100,000 years. The available geologic evidence
favors a mantle rather than meteoritic origin for these
elements. These results are in accord with the scenario of a
series of intense eruptive volcanic events occurring during a
relatively short geologic time interval and not with the
scenario of a single large asteroid impact event."
-- Reference: Article: Terminal
Cretaceous Environmental Events Charles B. Officer 1 and Charles
L. Drake 2 1 Research professor in the Earth Sciences
Department, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755. 2
Professor in the Earth Sciences Department, Dartmouth College,
Hanover, New Hampshire 03755.
133 "Atomic explosions cause
atmospheric fallout much like that of volcanic eruptions."
"Oct. 26, 2007 - New evidence dug
from the shores of the Bay of Bengal supports the radical idea
that it was a series of monumental volcanic eruptions that wiped
out the dinosaurs, not a meteor impact in the Gulf of Mexico.
The discovery confirms two important things, said Keller: First,
that the most massive Deccan eruption and the K-T mass
extinction happened at the same time. Second, that the later,
final eruption is timed right to have slowed the recovery of
many living things. This latter matter of the slow recovery has
long been a mystery to paleontologists, she said."
"A new statistical study of mass
extinctions throughout the history of life on Earth is backing
up the idea that no single meteor, volcanic eruption or other
lone gunman is ever to blame, even in the case of the
Cretaceous-Tertiary event that brought the end of dinosaurs 65
million years ago. Instead, the worst die-offs happen when some
sort of interminable, multi-generational pressure on life is
combined with a few powerful blows. It's what is now being
called the press/pulse theory of mass extinctions.
The theory "is essentially a more
eloquent way of saying what I and many other paleontologists
have been saying for many years," said Gerta Keller of Princeton
University. "Namely that the impact-kill hypothesis is all
wrong. Impacts alone could not have been the killing mechanism
for the K-T or any of the other major mass extinctions." In the
late Cretaceous case massive volcanism — the Deccan Traps
eruption in India — and attendant climate change, coincided with
an impact that pushed highly stressed biota over the brink."
134 "... Rwenzori Mountains..."
"The highest Rwenzoris are
permanently snow-capped, and they, along with Mount Kilimanjaro
and Mount Kenya are the only such in Africa. The Ruwenzoris are
often identified with the "Mountains of the Moon" mentioned by
Ptolemy. The Ruwenzori are known for their vegetation, ranging
from tropical rainforest through alpine meadows to snow; and for
their animal population, including forest elephants, several
primate species and many endemic birds."
135 ..." Pyrenees Mountains"...
"The Pyrenees are named after Pyrene (fire in Greek) who was the
daughter of Bebryx and was raped by Herakles. Terrified at
giving birth to a serpent, she fled to the mountains and was
either buried or eaten by wild animals. Herodotus located this
legend in his map of the Oikumene as early as 450 BC."
136 "... steppes of Mongolia..."
"In the chaos of the late twelfth century, a chieftain named
Temujin finally succeeded in uniting the Mongol tribes between
Manchuria and the Altai Mountains. In 1206, he took the title
Genghis Khan, and he and his successors began expanding the
Mongol Empire into the largest contiguous land empire in world
history, going as far northwest as the Kievan Rus, and as far
south as northern Vietnam, Tibet, Iran."
137 ..."plunder their possessions."
"Looting, sacking, plundering, despoiling, or pillaging is the
indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or
political victory, or during a catastrophe or riot, such as
during war, natural disaster, or rioting. The term is also used
in a broader (some would argue metaphorical) sense, to describe
egregious instances of theft and embezzlement, such as the
"plundering" of private or public assets by corrupt or overly
greedy corporate executives or government authorities. The
proceeds of all these activities can be described as loot,
plunder, or pillage.
Looting originally referred primarily to the plundering of
villages and cities not only by victorious troops during
warfare, but also by civilian members of the community. For
example, see War and Peace, which describes widespread looting
by Moscow's citizens before Napoleon's troops enter the town,
and looting by French troops elsewhere; also note the looting of
art treasures by the Nazis during WWII."
For more detailed information about the archaeology of this
site, visit the following websites:
139 "...the shift of the poles of
"Charles Hapgood first came to public attention in the mid-1950s
with his theory of earth crust displacement, a radical
geological idea which attracted the curiosity and support of
Albert Einstein. The Einstein-Hapgood correspondence is a
forgotten page in the history of science. Rose and I obtained
these letters (ten from Einstein to Hapgood) from Albert
Einstein's Archives in the Fall of 1995. They show, for the
first time, just how extensively Albert Einstein was involved in
assisting Charles Hapgood in the development of the theory. This
correspondence is detailed in The Atlantis Blueprint.
Here is a brief summary:
In his second reply (24 November 1952) to Hapgood, Einstein
wrote that the idea of earth crust displacement should not be
ruled out "apriori" just because it didn't fit with what we
wanted to believe about the earth's past. What was needed,
Einstein claimed, was solid "geological and paleontological
For six months, Hapgood gathered geological evidence to support
the idea of an earth crust displacement. On the 3rd of May 1953
he forwarded thirty-eight pages of this evidence to Einstein.
Central to his argument was Hapgood's evidence that Lesser
Antarctica was ice-free at the same time that North America lay
smothered in ice. Einstein responded (8 May 1953):
"I find your arguments very
impressive and have the impression that your hypothesis is
correct. One can hardly doubt that significant shifts of the
crust have taken place repeatedly and within a short time."
He urged Hapgood to follow up on
evidence of "earth fractures". A month later (11 June 1953)
Hapgood sent Einstein forty-two pages of evidence on earth
fractures and the evolution of the ice sheets.
Einstein wrote (17 December 1953) Hapgood urging him to address
the "centrifugal momentum" problem. Hapgood responded with four
pages on this problem and thirty-seven pages of "paleontological
evidence" including the frozen mammoths of Arctic Siberia.
Einstein was now convinced. On the 18th of May 1954, Einstein
wrote a very favorable foreword for Hapgood's book EARTH'S
SHIFTING CRUST: A KEY TO SOME BASIC PROBLEMS OF EARTH SCIENCE
(published in 1958 by Pantheon Books, New York).
"I frequently receive
communications from people who wish to consult me concerning
their unpublished ideas. It goes without saying that these
ideas are very seldom possessed of scientific validity. The
very first communication, however, that I received from Mr.
Hapgood electrified me. His idea is original, of great
simplicity, and - if it continues to prove itself of great
importance to everything that is related to the history of
the earth's surface.... I think that this rather
astonishing, even fascinating, idea deserves the serious
attention of anyone who concerns himself with the theory of
the earth's development."
-- Reference: When the Sky Fell,
Rand and Rose Flemth-Ath
140 "The alignment of the Pyramids of Giza on the ground matches
perfectly the alignment of the constellation of Orion as seen in
the sky from Giza...".
"(Robert) Bauval is specifically known for the Orion Correlation
Theory (OCT). This proposes a relationship between the fourth
dynasty Egyptian pyramids of the Giza Plateau and the alignment
of certain stars in the constellation of Orion.
One night, while working in Saudi Arabia, he took his family and
a friend's family up into the sand dunes of the Arabian desert
for a camping expedition. His friend pointed out Orion, and
mentioned that Mintaka, the smaller more easterly of the stars
making up Orion's belt was
offset slightly from the others. Bauval then made a connection
between the layout of the three main stars in Orion's belt and
the layout of the three main pyramids in the Giza necropolis."
— Reference: Wikipedia.org
141 "... Heliopolis..."
"Heliopolis has been occupied since the Predynastic Period, with
extensive building campaigns during the Old and Middle Kingdoms.
Today, unfortunately, it is mostly destroyed, its temples and
other buildings having been used for the construction of
medieval Cairo; most information about it comes from textual
According to Diodorus Siculus, Heliopolis was built by Actis, one
of the sons of Helios and Rhode, who named the city after his
father. While all Greek cities were destroyed during the flood,
the Egyptian cities including Heliopolis survived. The chief
deity of Heliopolis was the god Atum, who was worshipped in the
The city was also the original source of the worship of the
Ennead pantheon, although in later times, as Horus gained in
prominence, worship focused on the synchrentistic solar deity
Ra-harakhty (literally Ra, (who is) Horus of the Two Horizons).
During the Amarna Period, Pharoah Akhenaten introduced
monotheistic worship of Aten, the deified solar disc. As the
capital of Egypt for a period of time, grain was stored in
Heliopolis for the winter months, when many people would descend
on the town to be fed, leading to it gaining the title place of
bread. The Book of the Dead goes further and describes how
Heliopolis was the place of multiplying bread, recounting a myth
in which Horus feeds the masses there with only 7 loaves, which
is the basis of the Bible New Testament parable."
"The Nephilim were an antediluvian race (pre-flood) race which
are referred to in the Bible as giants.".
"Genesis 6:4 states "The Nephilim were on the earth in those
days - and also afterwards - when the sons of God went to the
daughters of men and had children by them. They were the heroes
of old, men of renown." The Nephilim were a race of giants that
were produced by the sexual union of the sons of God (presumably
fallen angels) and the daughters of men. Translated from the
Hebrew texts, "Nephilim" means "fallen ones." They were renowned
for their strength, prowess, and a great capacity for
The origination of the Nephilim begins with a story of the
fallen angels. Shemhazai, an angel of high rank, led a sect of
angels in a descent to earth to instruct humans in
righteousness. The tutelage went on for a few centuries, but
soon the angels pined for the human females. After lusting, the
fallen angels instructed the women in magic and conjuring, mated
with them, and produced hybrid offspring: the Nephilim.
The Nephilim were gigantic in stature. Their strength was
prodigious and their appetites immense. Upon devouring all of
humankind's resources, they began to consume humans themselves.
The Nephilim attacked and oppressed humans and were the cause of
massive destruction on the earth.
Two texts of central import to the story of the Nephilim, the
Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls, mention several names for the
Nephilim. The diverse kinds of these giants are cited in several
passages. They are variously referred to as Emim, or "Terrors"
(Gen. 14:5; Deut. 2:10), Rephaim, or "Weakeners" or "Dead Ones"
(2 Sam. 23:13; 1 Chron. 11:15), Gibborim, or "Giant Heroes" (Job
16:4), Zamzummim, or "Achievers" (Deut. 2:10), Anakim, or
"Long-necked" (Deut. 2:10; Josh. 11:22, 14:15), and Awwim or "Devastators"and
Other giants are mentioned in these
texts as well, such as Goliath (2 Sam. 21:19), a giant with
twelve fingers and twelve toes who is mentioned as one of the
Rephaim (2 Sam. 21:20), and a tall Egyptian (1 Chron. 11:23).
The passage of Numbers 13:26-33 recounts the Nephilim of Canaan
that Joshua and the other Hebrew spies saw. Furthermore,
according to Judaic lore, a certain one of the Nephilim, Arba,
built a city, Kiriath Arba, which was named for its builder and
is now known as Hebron.
The wickedness of the Nephilim carried with it a heavy toll.
Genesis 6:5 alludes to the corruption that the Nephilim had
caused amongst humans and themselves: "The Lord saw how great
man's wickedness on the earth had become..." Their evil
rebellion had incurred both the wrath and grief of God. God
instructed the angel Gabriel to ignite a civil war among the
He also chose Enoch, a righteous
man, to inform the fallen angels of the judgment pronounced on
them and their children. God did not allow the fallen angels any
peace, for they could not lift their eyes to heaven and were
later to be chained. The end of the Nephilim came about in the
war incited by Gabriel, in which the giants eventually
annihilated each other."
143 "...used cutting tools of highly
concentrated light waves and electronic energy..."
"A laser is an electronic-optical device that emits coherent
light radiation. The term "laser" is an acronym for Light
Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. A typical
laser emits light in a narrow, low-divergence monochromatic
(single-coloured, if the laser is operating in the visible
spectrum), beam with a well-defined wavelength. In this way,
laser light is in contrast to a light source such as the
incandescent light bulb, which emits light over a wide area and
over a wide spectrum of wavelengths.
The first working laser was demonstrated in May 1960 by Theodore
Maiman at Hughes Research Laboratories. Recently, lasers have
become a multi-billion dollar industry. The most widespread use
of lasers is in optical storage devices such as compact disc and
DVD players, in which the laser (a few millimeters in size)
scans the surface of the disc. Other common applications of
lasers are bar code readers, laser printers and laser pointers.
In industry, lasers are used for cutting steel and other metals
and for inscribing patterns (such as the letters on computer
keyboards). Lasers are also commonly used in various fields in
science, especially spectroscopy, typically because of their
well-defined wavelength or short pulse duration in the case of
pulsed lasers. Lasers are used by the military for range
finding, target identification and illumination for weapons
delivery. Lasers used in medicine are used for internal surgery
and cosmetic applications.
Laser cutting is a technology that uses a laser to cut
materials, and is usually used in industrial manufacturing.
Laser cutting works by directing the output of a high power
laser, by computer, at the material to be cut. The material then
either melts, burns, vaporizes away, or is blown away by a jet
of gas, leaving an edge with a high quality surface finish.
Industrial laser cutters are used to cut flat-sheet material as
well as structural and piping materials. Some 6-axis lasers can
perform cutting operations on parts that have been pre¬formed by
casting or machining."
"The great mystery of the ruins of Baalbek, and indeed one of
the greatest mysteries of the ancient world, concerns the
massive foundation stones beneath the Roman Temple of Jupiter.
The courtyard of the Jupiter temple is situated upon a platform,
called the Grand Terrace, which consists of a huge outer wall
and a filling of massive stones. The lower courses of the outer
wall are formed of huge, finely crafted and precisely positioned
They range in size from thirty to
thirty three feet in length, fourteen feet in height and ten
feet in depth, and weigh approximately 450 tons each. Nine of
these blocks are visible on the north side of the temple, nine
on the south, and six on the west (others may exist but
archaeological excavations have thus far not dug beneath all the
sections of the Grand Terrace).
Above the six blocks on the
western side are three even larger stones, called the Trilithon,
whose weight exceeds 1000 tons each. These great stones vary in
size between sixty-three and sixty-five feet in length, with a
height of fourteen feet six inches and a depth of twelve feet.
Another even larger stone lies in a limestone quarry a quarter
of a mile from the Baalbek complex. Weighing an estimated 1200
tons, it is sixty-nine feet by sixteen feet by thirteen feet ten
inches, making it the single largest piece of stonework ever
crafted in the world. Called the Hajar el Gouble, the Stone of
the South, or the Hajar el Hibla, the Stone of the Pregnant
Woman, it lays at a raised angle with the lowest part of its
base still attached to the quarry rock as though it were almost
ready to be cut free and transported to its presumed location
next to the other stones of the Trilithon.
Why these stones are such an enigma to contemporary scientists,
both engineers and archaeologists alike, is that their method of
quarrying, transportation and precision placement is beyond the
technological ability of any known ancient or modern builders.
Various 'scholars', uncomfortable with the notion that ancient
cultures might have developed knowledge superior to modern
science, have decided that the massive Baalbek stones were
laboriously dragged from the nearby quarries to the temple site.
While carved images in the temples
of Egypt and Mesopotamia do indeed give evidence of this method
of block transportation - using ropes, wooden rollers and
thousands of laborers - the dragged blocks are known to have
been only 1/10th the size and weight of the Baalbek stones and
to have been moved along flat surfaces with wide movement paths.
The route to the site of Baalbek, however, is up hill, over
rough and winding terrain, and there is no evidence whatsoever
of a flat hauling surface having been created in ancient times.
Next there is the problem of how the mammoth blocks, once they
were brought to the site, were lifted and precisely placed in
position. It has been theorized that the stones were raised
using a complex array of scaffolding, ramps and pulleys which
was powered by large numbers of humans and animals working in
unison. An historical example of this method has been suggested
as the solution for the Baalbek enigma.
The Renaissance architect Domenico
Fontana, when erecting a 327-ton Egyptian obelisk in front of St
Peter's Basilica in Rome, used 40 huge pulleys, which
necessitated a combined force of 800 men and 140 horses. The
area where this obelisk was erected, however, was a great open
could easily accommodate all the lifting apparatus and the men
and horses pulling on the ropes.
No such space is available in the
spatial context of how the Baalbek stones were placed. Hills
slope away from where lifting apparatus would need to have been
placed and no evidence has been found of a flat and structurally
firm surface having been constructed (and then mysteriously
removed after the lifting was done). Furthermore, not just one
obelisk was erected but rather a series of giant stones were
precisely put in place side-by-side. Due to the positioning of
these stones, there is simply no conceivable place where a huge
pulley apparatus could have been stationed."
References: (both of the
following websites have excellent photos of the area)
145 "...The Domain took over the
"The second-closest planet to the
Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days. It is the brightest
natural object in the night sky, except for the Moon, reaching
an apparent magnitude of -4.6. Because Venus is an inferior
planet, from Earth it never appears to venture far from the Sun:
its elongation reaches a maximum of 47.8°. Venus reaches its
maximum brightness shortly before sunrise or shortly after
sunset, for which reason it is often called the Morning Star or
the Evening Star.
Classified as a terrestrial planet, it is sometimes called
Earth's "sister planet", for the two are similar in size,
gravity, and bulk composition. Venus is covered with an opaque
layer of highly reflective clouds of sulfuric acid, preventing
its surface from being seen from space in visible light; this
was a subject of great speculation until some of its secrets
were revealed by planetary science in the twentieth century.
Venus has the densest atmosphere of all the terrestrial planets,
consisting mostly of carbon dioxide, as it has no carbon cycle
to lock carbon back into rocks and surface features, nor organic
life to absorb it in biomass.
It has become so hot that the
earth-like oceans the young Venus is believed to have possessed
have totally evaporated, leaving a dusty dry desert scape with
many slab-like rocks. The evaporated water vapor has dissociated
and hydrogen has escaped into interplanetary space. The
atmospheric pressure at the planet's surface is 92 times that of
the Earth, the great majority of it carbon dioxide and other
Venus's surface has been mapped in detail only in the last 20
years; Project Magellan listed about a thousand meteor craters,
a surprisingly low number compared to Earth. It shows evidence
of being geologically very young with extensive volcanism, and
the sulfur in the atmosphere is taken by some experts to show
many of its volcanoes are still active today, but it is an
enigma as to why no evidence of lava flow accompanies any of the
As one of the brightest objects in the sky, Venus has been known
since prehistoric times and as such has gained an entrenched
position in human culture. The Babylonians named the planet
Ishtar, the personification of womanhood, and goddess of love.
In western astrology, derived from its historical connotation
with goddesses of femininity and love, Venus is held to
influence those aspects of human life. In Indian Vedic
astrology, Venus is known as Shukra, meaning "clear, pure" or
"brightness, clearness" in Sanskrit.
-- Reference: Wikipedia.org
146 "... There are a few life forms
on Earth that can endure an atmospheric environment like
"There are many different classes of
extremophiles, each corresponding to the way its environmental
niche. Many extremophiles fall under multiple categories.
Acidophile: An organism with an
optimum pH level at or below pH 3.
Alkaliphile: An organism with
optimal growth at pH levels of 9 or above.
Endolith: An organism that lives
in microscopic spaces within rocks, such as pores between
aggregate grains. These may also be called cryptoendoliths.
This term also includes organisms populating fissures,
aquifers, and faults filled with groundwater in the deep
Halophile: An organism requiring
at least 2M of salt, NaCl, for growth.
Hyperthermophile: An organism
that can thrive at temperatures between 80-121 °C, such as
those found in hydrothermal systems.
Hypolith: An organism that lives
inside rocks in cold deserts.
Lithoautotroph: An organism
(usually bacteria) whose sole source of carbon is carbon
dioxide and exergonic inorganic oxidation (chemolithotrophs)
such as Nitrosomonas europaea. These organisms are capable
of deriving energy from reduced mineral compounds like
pyrites, and are active in geochemical cycling and the
weathering of parent bedrock to form soil.
Metalotolerant: capable of
tolerating high levels of dissolved heavy metals in
solution, such as copper, cadmium, arsenic, and zinc.
Examples include Ferroplasma sp. and Ralstonia metallidurans.
Oligotroph: An organism capable
of growth in nutritionally limited environments.
Osmophile: An organism capable
of growth in environments with a high sugar concentration.
Piezophile: An organism that
lives optimally at high hydrostatic pressure. Common in the
deep terrestrial subsurface, as well as in oceanic trenches.
Polyextremophile: An organism
that qualifies as an extremophiles under more than one
organism that grows better at temperatures of 15 °C or
lower. Common in cold soils, permafrost, polar ice, cold
ocean water, and in/under alpine snowpack.
Radioresistant: resistant to
high levels of ionizing radiation, most commonly ultraviolet
radiation but also includes organisms capable of resisting
Thermophile: An organism that
can thrive at temperatures between 60-80 °C.
Xerophile: An organism that can
grow in extremely dry, desiccating conditions. This type is
exemplified by the soil microbes of the Atacama Desert.
Relative to the majority of the deep sea extremophiles, the
areas around submarine hydrothermal vents are biologically
more productive, often hosting complex communities fueled by
the chemicals dissolved in the vent fluids, supporting
diverse organisms, including giant tube worms, clams, and
shrimp. The water emerges from a hydrothermal vent at
temperatures ranging up to 400°C, compared to a typical 2°C
for the surrounding deep ocean water. The high pressure at
these depths significantly expands the thermal range at
which water remains liquid, and so the water doesn't boil.
Water at a depth of 3,000 m and a temperature of 407°C
One community has been discovered
dubbed 'Eel City', which consists predominantly of eels. Though
eels are not uncommon, as mentioned earlier invertebrates
typically dominate hydrothermal vents. Eel City is located near
Nafanua volcanic cone, American Samoa.
Other examples of the unique fauna who inhabit this ecosystem
are a snail armored with scales made up of iron and organic
materials, and the Pompeii worm (Alvinella Pompejana), which is
capable of withstanding temperatures up to 80°C (176°F). Over
300 new species have been discovered at hydrothermal vents.
Active hydrothermal vents are believed to exist on Jupiter's
moon Europa, and ancient hydrothermal vents have been speculated
to exist on Mars."
147 "... asteroid belt..."
"The asteroid belt is the region of the Solar System located
roughly between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter. It
is occupied by numerous irregularly shaped bodies called
asteroids or minor plarnets. The asteroid belt region is also
termed the main belt to distinguish it from other concentrations
of minor planets within the Solar System, such as the Kuiper
belt and scattered disk.
More than half the mass within the main belt is contained in the
four largest objects: Ceres, 4 Vesta, 2 Pallas, and 10 Hygiea.
All of these have mean diameters of more than 400 km, while
Ceres, the main belt's only dwarf planet, is about 950 km in
diameter. The remaining bodies range down to the size of a dust
particle. The asteroid material is so thinly distributed that
multiple unmanned spacecraft have traversed it without
"Tiwanaku monumental architecture is characterized by large
stones of exceptional workmanship. In contrast to the masonry
style of the later Inca, Tiwanaku stone architecture usually
employs rectangular ashlar blocks laid in regular courses, and
monumental structures were frequently fitted with elaborate
drainage systems. Bronze or copper "double-T" clamps were often
used to anchor large blocks in place. The stone used to build
Tiwanaku was quarried and then transported 40 km or more to the
city. They were moved without the aid of the wheel, though much
of the distance was over water.
The community grew to urban proportions (in antiquity) becoming
an important regional power in the southern Andes. Satellite
imaging was used recently to map the extent of fossilized suka
kollus across the three primary valleys of Tiwanaku, arriving at
population-carrying capacity estimates of anywhere between
285,000 and 1,482,000 people.
They worshipped many gods, and one of the most important gods
was Viracocha, the god of action, shaper of many worlds, and
destroyer of many worlds. He created people, with two servants,
on a great piece of rock. Then he drew sections on the rock and
sent his servants to name the tribes in those areas. In Tiwanaku
he created the people out of rock and brought life to them
through the earth. The Tiwanaku believed that Viracocha created
giants to move the massive stones that comprise much of their
archeology, but then grew unhappy with the giants and created a
flood to destroy them."
"Ollantaytambo is a town in southern Peru, located in the
district of Ollantaytambo, province of Urubamba, Cusco region.
It is approximately 60 km to the northwest of the city of Cusco,
situated at an altitude of 2792 meters above sea level.
The city of Ollantaytambo is best known for its ruins, and for
the spot where the Inca emperor Manco Inca was able to defeat
the Spanish in a set-piece battle. The finely cut rocks and
plantation terraces were very large obstacles for the
Conquistadors to surpass, and the fortress was also used by
Manco to conduct successful attacks on Francisco Pizarro and
other Conquistadors who were based in Lima."
Machu Picchu ..."
Machu Picchu (Quechua: Machu Picchu, "Old Peak") is a
pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,400 meters (7,875 ft) above
sea level. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba
Valley in Peru, which is 80 km (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco. Often
referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", Machu Picchu is
probably the most familiar symbol of the Inca Empire.
One theory maintains that Machu Picchu was an Inca "llacta": a
settlement built to control the economy of the conquered
regions. It may also have been built as a prison for the
selective few who had commited such henous crimes against the
Inca society. Research conducted by scholars, such as John Rowe
and Richard Burger, has convinced most archaeologists that
rather than a defensive retreat, Machu Picchu was an estate of
the Inca emperor, Pachacuti. In addition, Johan Reinhard
presented evidence that the site was selected based on its
position relative to sacred landscape features. One such example
is its mountains, which are purported to be in alignment with
key astronomical events.
Shamanic legends say that if you're a sensitive person and you
rub your forehead against the world-famous Intihuatana Stone you
will see the spirit world. The Intihuatana stone is one of the
many ritual stones in South America. They are arranged so they
point directly at the sun during the winter solstice. The
Spanish did not find Machu Picchu until the 20th century so the
Intihuatana Stone was not destroyed like many other ritual
stones. It is also called "The Hitching Point of the Sun"
because it was supposed to hold the sun in it's place. It is (as
they said before) believed to be an astronomic clock built by
151 "... Pachacamac ..."
"The temple of Pachacamac is an archaeological site 40 km
southeast of Lima, Peru in the Valley of the Lurin River. It had
at least one pyramid. They used Pachacamac as primarily a
religious site for the veneration of the Pacha Kamaq creator
god. The Ichma joined the Inca empire and Pachacamac became an
important administrative center.
However the Inca maintained it as a religious shrine and allowed
the Pachacamac priests to continue functioning independently of
the Inca priesthood. This included the oracle, whom the Inca
presumably consulted. The Inca built five additional buildings,
including a temple to the Sun on the main square."
152 "... an electronic, light-wave emitting stone cutter and
"There are various laser cutting tools depending on the type of
finished product that you prefer. Laser cutter routers that are
computer-driven can cut each letter precisely, capturing every
detail of the selected style. The said manufacturing systems are
useful in cutting out symbols and logos in a cost effective
Laser that is in a solid state uses one crystal rod with flat
and parallel ends. Both ends have surfaces that have the ability
to reflect. A light source that has high density and a flash
tube surrounds the crystal.
When power is given by the network of pulse-forming, an intense
light pulse called photon is released in one of the rod
crystals. The light released is one wavelength and allows for
A hundred percent of laser light is reflected on the rear mirror
while thirty to fifty percent will pass through the mirror then
to the shutter assembly to the angled mirror before going down
through the lens and then to the work piece.
The laser light beam is not only coherent but also has high
energy content. When it is focused on the surface, the laser
light creates heat used for welding, drilling, and cutting.
The laser beam and the work piece is manipulated through the use
of robotics. It can be adjusted to different sizes and heat
intensity. The smaller laser is used for drilling, cutting, and
welding while the larger machines are used in off giving heat."
153 "The "great" pyramid..."
"A total of over 2,300,000 blocks of limestone and granite were
used in its construction with the average block weighing 2.5
tons and none weighing less than 2 tons.
The large blocks used in the ceiling
of the King's Chamber weigh as much as 9 tons.
Construction date (Estimated):
Construction time (Estimated):
Total weight (Estimated): 6.5
The estimated total weight of
the structure is 6.5 million tons!
The base of the pyramid covers
13 acres, 568,500 square feet and the length of each side
was originally 754 feet, but is now 745 feet.
The original height was 481 feet
tall, but is now only 449 feet.
The distance when Earth is closest
to Sun (perihelion) is 147x10s km, which is translated into
royal cubits 280x10s, hinting at the height of the Great
pyramid, 280 royal cubits.
The earth/moon relationship is the only one in our solar system
that contains this unique golden section ratio that "squares the
circle". Along with this is the phenomenon that the moon and the
sun appear to be the same size, most clearly noticed during an
eclipse. This too is true only from earth's vantage point...No
other planet/moon relationship in our solar system can make this
Although the problem of squaring the circle was proven
mathematically impossible in the 19th century (as pi, being
irrational, cannot be exactly measured), the Earth, the moon,
and the Great Pyramid, are all coming about as close as you can
get to the solution!
If the base of the Great Pyramid is equated with the diameter of
the earth, then the radius of the moon can be generated by
subtracting the radius of the earth from the height of the
The height of the Great Pyramid times 2n exactly equals the
perimeter of the pyramid. This proportions result from elegant
design of the pyramid with the height equal two diameters of a
circle and the base equal to the circumference of the circle.
The Pyramid of the Sun and the Great Pyramid of Egypt are almost
or very nearly equal to one another in base perimeter. The
Pyramid of the Sun is "almost" half the height of the Great
Pyramid. There is a slight difference. The Great Pyramid is 1.03
- times larger than the base of the Pyramid of the Sun.
Conversely, the base of the Pyramid
of the Sun is 97% of the Great Pyramid's base."
"The Pyramid Texts are a collection of ancient Egyptian
religious texts from the time of the Old Kingdom, mostly
inscriptions on the walls of tombs in pyramids. They depict the
Egyptian view of the afterlife, and the ascent into the sky of
the divine Pharaoh after death. They were written upwards of
five thousand years ago; thus, they are some of the oldest known
writings in the world.
The Pyramid Texts are also the oldest collection of religious
spells known to us from ancient Egypt. This collection forms the
basis of much of the later religious theology and literature of
ancient Egypt. The passages were eventually separated and
categorized, as well as illustrated and eventually evolved into
the Book of the Dead, or more properly, The Book of the Coming
forth by Day.
It is difficult to date the Pyramid Texts. Their origins have
aroused much speculation regarding their origin because they
emerge, as a fully-fledged collection of mortuary texts, without
any precedent in the archaeological record. The fact that the
texts are made up of distinct utterances which do not have a
strict narrative sequence linking them together has led scholars
to believe that many of them were not composed specifically for
the purpose of being inscribed in the pyramids but may have had
earlier uses. In fact, spells such as Utterances 273-4, called
the Cannibal Hymn, and which only appears in the Pyramids of
Unas and Teti, refer to aspects of the funerary cult that seem
to no longer been in practice at the time the pyramids were
Early analysts attempted to date the text as early as possible;
even from the predynastic period. A very early dating of these
texts remains a strong possibility, though today, scholars place
the text's origins with the date of the monuments where they
reside. In reality, we have very little idea of the date of
their initial invention, perhaps other than the antiquated
great pyramid was located
precisely at the exact center of all of the land masses of
"The Great Pyramid (the Pyramid of Khufu, or Cheops in Greek) at
Gizeh, Egypt, demonstrates the remarkable character of its
placement on the face of the Earth. The Pyramid lies in the
center of gravity of the continents. It also lies in the exact
center of all the land area of the world, dividing the earth's
land mass into approximately equal quarters.
The north-south axis (31 degrees east of Greenwich) is the
longest land meridian, and the east-west axis (30 degrees north)
is the longest land parallel on the globe. There is obviously
only one place that these longest land-lines of the terrestrial
earth can cross, and it is at the Great Pyramid!"
156 "...stars in the constellation
Orion's Belt (Ainitak),
Sirius, Alpha Draconis and Beta Ursa
"The Hall of Truth in Light" (in the Great Pyramid) are an
extension of the upward passage way (which) opens as a Grand
Gallery. Other interior features include: a Great Step; a lower
Queen's chamber; an upper King's chamber with an open tomb which
was never used for burial; and, two passage ways which actually
pinpoint Sirius and Ainitak in the "belt" of the Orion
Constellation - the other two precisely point to Thuban in the
Draco Constellation which was the old North Star at the time of
the Pyramid's supposed construction and the present North Star.
Big Dipper Constellation stars
Alnitak is a double star system.
Alnitak A is a blue O9.7Ib supergiant star about 15 times the
diameter of the sun, at least 11,000 times more luminous than
Thuban is another name for the star is Adib from the Arabic Al
Dhi'bah, "The Hyenas". A number of stars in the constellation of
Draco. According to Allen, seamen were accustomed to call Thuban
"The Dragon's Tail." Thuban is a white A0III giant having a
luminosity about 260 times that of the sun. Spectral analysis
indicates that Thuban has a companion star orbiting with a 51.4
Sirius is also known colloquially as the "Dog Star", reflecting
its prominence in its constellation, Canis Major. It is the
subject of more mythological and folkloric tales than any other
star apart from the sun. The heliacal rising of Sirius marked
the flooding of the Nile in Ancient Egypt and the 'Dog Days' of
summer Sirius is the brightest star in the night sky with a
visual apparent magnitude of -1.47, almost twice as bright as
Canopus, the next brightest star. What appears as a single star
to the naked eye is actually a binary star system, consisting of
Sirius A, and a faint white dwarf companion of spectral type
DA2, termed Sirius B.
Sirius is bright due to both its intrinsic luminosity and its
closeness to the Sun. At a distance of 2.6 parsecs (8.6
light-years), the Sirius system is one of our near neighbors.
Sirius A is about twice as massive as the Sun and has an
absolute visual magnitude of 1.42. It is 25 times more luminous
than the Sun.
Sirius is recorded in the earliest astronomical records, known
in Ancient Egypt as Sopdet (Greek: Sothis). During the era of
the Middle Kingdom, Egyptians based their calendar on the
heliacal rising of Sirius, namely the day it becomes visible
just before sunrise after moving far enough away from the glare
of the sun. This occurred just before the annual flooding of the
Nile and the summer solstice, after a 70 day absence from the
The hieroglyph for Sothis features a
star and a triangle. Sothis was identified with the great
goddess Isis who formed a part of a trinity with her husband
Osiris and their son Horus, while the 70 day period symbolized
the passing of Isis and Osiris though the duat (Egyptian
North Star, also known as the Pole Star, is the star that lies
closest in the sky to the north celestial pole, and which
appears directly overhead to an observer at the Earth's North
The current North Star is Polaris,
which lies about two-thirds of a degree from the pole at the end
of the "handle" of the Little Dipper asterism in the
constellation Ursa Minor. Polaris has a visual magnitude of 1.97
(second magnitude). (Some people mistakenly think that Polaris
is the brightest star in the night sky. This title belongs to
Sirius, and there are many others stars also brighter than
Due to the precession of the equinoxes the direction of the
Earth's axis is very slowly but continuously changing, and as
the projection of the Earth's axis moves around the celestial
sphere over the millennia, the role of North Star passes from
one star to another. Since the precession of the equinoxes is so
slow, a single star typically holds that title for many
In 3000 BC the faint star Thuban in the constellation Draco was
the North Star. At magnitude 3.67 (fourth magnitude) it is only
one-fifth as bright as Polaris, the current North Star (situated
430 light-years away).
157 "...Pan, God of The Woods..."
-- Reference: For more detailed information about the IS-BE know
as Pan, please read the book "Pan, God of The Woods" by Lawrence
R. Spencer (www.godofthewoods.com
158 " The human pharaoh moved the
Capital city of Egypt from Memphis to Heracleopolis".
"Heracleopolis was the main city of Egypt during a turbulent
time in our history, the First Intermediate Period. Details are
not clear, but apparently when the VIth dynasty ended, the
rulers who followed were too weak to rule the whole land. Akhtoy,
the local nomarch, declared independence from Memphis, and when
the last Memphite pharaoh died childless, he declared himself
god-king of the Two Lands and founder of the IXth dynasty. All
of Middle Egypt and part of the eastern Nile Delta submitted to
Akhtoy's authority. Akhmin, in the 9th nome, became the southern
boundary between those who supported Akhtoy and those who
In Upper Egypt there were at least three governors who refused
to acknowledge the new order: those of Thinis, Wast (Thebes) and
Nekhen (Hierakonopolis). For a long time they fought among
themselves, because chaos always reigns where there is no
central authority. Finally one of them, Inyotef II of Wast,
prevailed against the others; the nomarchs of Asyut now became
the defenders of the dignity of the Heracleopolitan kings. The
IXth dynasty was succeeded by the Xth at home, and for more than
sixty years the line was held at Akhmin, despite frequent raids
from both sides.
Finally the grandson of Inyotef,
Mentuhotep II, captured Asyut; once that happened he quickly
marched downstream and overthrew the Xth dynasty. That marked
the reunification of Egypt and the beginning of the Middle
Kingdom. Heracleopolis was never as important afterwards, though
it marked the site of a key fortress in the XXIInd dynasty,
built by the second son of Osorkon II."
159 "... when Atlantis fell..."
"Plato's reference to Egypt as the source of the Atlantis myth,
via Solon. The Egyptians called Atlantis Kepchu, which also
happens to be their name for the people of Crete. It is
speculated that survivors of the Minoan volcanic disaster asked
Egypt for help, since they were the only other civilization with
high culture at the time.
Plato described quarries on the island of Atlantis where "rocks
of white, black, and red" were extracted from the hills and used
to construct a great island city. The description matches the
rocks found on Santorini.
The island-city of Atlantis was described as being laid out in a
series of concentric circles of land and water, each one
connected to the sea by a deep canal. Docks for a huge number of
ships, and a causeway for unloading cargo of said ships, also
was described. Unearthed frescos from the island have depicted
Santorini with a configuration that can be interpreted in this
way. It also shows a huge city on the island, theorized by
archaeologists to represent the center of the caldera.
At Akrotiri there are multi-story buildings. This city may have
had the earliest form of town planning (structured assembly of
interconnecting roads and paths) ever discovered, again, with
fresh running water and toilets in each house leading to a sewer
system. Many such sites now have been unearthed, both on Crete
Wikipedia.org (See "Santorini")
160 "... the Egyptians., who called
"Atlantis" Kepchu, which also happens to be their name for the
people of Crete."
"Minoan civilization disappeared suddenly, at the height of its
wealth and power. This also was similar to Plato's description
of the fate of the "Atlanteans". Scientists theorize that
multiple tsunamis hit the island of Crete, circa 1500 BC, which
came from the direction of the island of Santorini (then called
Thera) about 100 miles from Crete.
Santorini is the site of a massive caldera with an island at its
center. Vulcanologists have determined this ill-fated island was
engulfed by the terrible ca. 1500 BC eruption and collapse of
the Stroggill volcano there, which affected the entire eastern
Mediterranean, as far away as the Near East—possibly the most
powerful eruption in recorded history, ejecting approximately 30
km3 (7 cu miles) of magma, up to 36 km (23 miles) high. Volcanic
events of this magnitude are known to generate tsunamis."
161 "... the exact geodetic center
of Egypt... "
"Five years into the co-regency, Amenhotep IV changed his name
to Akhenaten and left Thebes to establish a new Egyptian capital
city, which he called Akhetaten (meaning the resting place or
horizon of the Aten). The change in name indicated that he no
longer considered himself to be the son of the god Amun, but of
Aten. On the monuments marking the four corners of the new city,
Akhenaten referred to the hateful words spoken about him and his
forefathers by the priests of Amun.
Obviously, he had hoped that the
city of Akhetaten would be his resting place as well.
At the city of Akhetaten, the ancient religion of the Aten
received a make-over. Aten temple design, ritual, and symbolism
(by a falcon-headed man and a sun disc referred to as Re-Herakhty)
derived originally from the traditional solar god Ra whose
center of worship had been from very ancient times at Memphis
and On (Heliopolis).
By the end of the coregency, the
falcon-man had been removed from the Aten's symbol. The Aten had
in essence become a god without human or animal image. The disc
of the sun was now considered to be the single physical
representation of the invisible and eternal god, Ra, and a deity
in its own right. (The sun disc was used later as a royal "lamelech"
seal by the Kings of Judah). The cartouche of Akhenaten's god
and heavenly father, the Aten, bore the name Imram. In the
Bible, Moses is referred to as the son of Amram, the Hebrew
The name of the Egyptian deity Aten transliterates into the
Hebrew word Adon. Adon, which is translated by English Bibles as
'the Lord" (and Adonai, translated as "my Lord") is used along
with Jehovah (Yhwh) in the Bible as the exclusive personal names
of God. Moreover, in ancient times, the name Jehovah (Yhwh) was
written, but never spoken. Whenever the written name Jehovah (Yhwh)
was to be read out loud, Adon (Aten) was voiced instead.
The written form of Adon is
infrequent, however, its limited usage is significant,
especially in the first six books of the Bible (See under "LORD"
in Strong's Exhaustive Concordance), where it is reserved for
the following applications alone: Moses addresses God using the
title Adon/Aten (Exodus 4:10,13; 5:22; 34:9; Numbers 14:17;
Deuteronomy 3:23; 7:26; 10:17); Moses, himself, is addressed
both by Aaron (Ex.32:22; Num.12:11) and by Joshua (Numbers
11:28) using the title Adon/Aten; and Joshua also addresses God
using the title Adon/Aten (Joshua 5:14 b; 7:7).
As mentioned above, there is an
established relationship between the literature of the Egyptian
18th Dynasty and the Bible. Psalm 104 is an embellishment of the
Hymn to the Aten which was found by archaeologists at the city
The religious reforms of Akhenaten included the rejection of
traditional Egyptian magic and astrology associated with the
cult of Amun, and the rejection of the cult of Osiris with its
version of belief in eternal judgment and the afterlife as well.
The site chosen for the new capital of Egypt further
demonstrated Akhenaten's desire for a new balance as it was
located at the exact geodetic center of the country."
162 "... the destruction of Troy as
the finale of the Trojan War."
"In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city
of Troy by the Achaeans after Paris of Troy stole Helen from her
husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most
important events in Greek mythology, and was narrated in many
works of Greek literature, including the Iliad and the Odyssey
by Homer. The Iliad relates a part of the last year of the siege
of Troy, while the Odyssey describes the journey home of
Odysseus, one of the Achaean leaders.
Other parts of the war were told in
a cycle of epic poems, which has only survived in fragments.
Episodes from the war provided material for Greek tragedy and
other works of Greek literature, and for Roman poets like Virgil
The war originated from a quarrel between the goddesses Athena,
Hera and Aphrodite, after Eris, the goddess of strife and
discord, gave them a golden apple, sometimes known as the Apple
of Discord, marked "for the fairest". The goddesses went to
Paris, who judged that Aphrodite, as the "fairest", should
receive the apple. In exchange, Aphrodite made Helen, the most
beautiful of all women, fall in love with Paris, who took her to
Troy. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen's
husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy
and besieged the city for ten years.
After the deaths of many heroes,
including the Achaeans Achilles and Ajax, and the Trojans Hector
and Paris, the city fell to the ruse of the Trojan Horse. The
Achaeans slaughtered the Trojans and desecrated the temples,
thus earning the gods' wrath. Few of the Achaeans returned
safely to their homes and many founded colonies in distant
shores. The Romans later traced their origin to Aeneas, one of
the Trojans, who was said to have led the surviving Trojans to
The Ancient Greeks thought the Trojan War was a historical event
that had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and
believed that Troy was located in modern day Turkey near the
Dardanelles. By modern times both the war and the city were
widely believed to be non-historical. In 1870, however, the
German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann excavated a site in
this area which he identified as Troy; this claim is now
accepted by most scholars. The Trojan War derive from a specific
historical conflict usually date it to the 12th or 11th
centuries BC, often preferring the dates given by Eratosthenes,
1194-1184 BC, which roughly corresponds with archaeological
evidence of a catastrophic burning of Troy."
163 "Homer, the blind Greek poet...
"Homer (ancient Greek: μηρος, Homeros) was an ancient Greek
(Ionian) epic poet, traditionally considered the author of the
epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey. No reliable biographical
information about Homer survives from classical antiquity. The
cardinal qualities of the style of Homer have been well
articulated by Matthew Arnold: 'the translator of Homer," he
says, "should above all be penetrated by a sense of the four
qualities of his author: that he is eminently rapid; that he is
eminently plain and direct, both in the evolution of his thought
and in the expression of it, that is, both in his syntax and in
his words; that he is eminently plain and direct in the
substance of his thought, that is, in his matter and ideas; and
finally, that he is eminently noble".
The language used by Homer is an archaic version of Ionic Greek,
with admixtures from certain other dialects, such as Aeolic
Greek. It later served as the basis of Epic Greek, the language
of epic poetry, typically in dactylic hexameter.
A number of traditions hold that he was blind (perhaps because,
in the Aeolian dialect of Cyme, homeros bore this meaning) and
that he was born on the island of Chios, at Smyrna or elsewhere
in Ionia, where various cities vied in claiming him as one of
their native sons. The characterization of Homer as a blind bard
is supported by a possibly self-referential passage in the
Odyssey in which a shipwrecked Odysseus listens to the tales of
a blind bard named Demodocus while in the court of the Phaeacian
164 "Solon, a wise man from Greece
reported the existence of Atlantis.. "
"Solon was a famous Athenian statesman, lawmaker, and Lyric
poet. The travel writer, Pausanias, listed Solon among the Seven
Sages of the ancient world. Solon has acquired a place in
history and in folklore through his efforts to legislate against
political, economic and moral decline in archaic Athens. Some of
his reforms failed in the short term, yet he is often credited
with having laid the foundations for Athenian democracy.
After he had finished reforming the country, Solon traveled
abroad. His first stop was Egypt.
There he visited Heliopolis, where
he discussed philosophy with an Egyptian expert on the subject,
Psenophis. Subsequently, at Sais, he visited Neith's temple and
received from the priests there an account of the history of
Atlantis. Solon wrote out this history as a poem, to which Plato
subsequently made references in his dialogues Timaios and
Critias. Next Solon sailed to Cyprus, where he oversaw the
construction of a new capital for a local king, in gratitude for
which the king named it Soloi."
165 " Zoroaster... "
"Zoroaster, the prophet and poet sees the universe as the cosmic
struggle between asa "truth" and druj "lie." The cardinal
concept of asa - which is highly nuanced and only vaguely
translatable - is at the foundation of all other Zoroastrian
doctrine, including that of Ahura Mazda (who is asa), creation
(that is asa), existence (that is asa) and Free Will, which is
arguably Zoroaster's greatest contribution to religious
philosophy. The purpose of humankind, like that of all other
creation, is to sustain asa. For humankind, this occurs through
active participation in life and the exercise of good thoughts,
words and deeds.
The name Zoroaster was famous in classical antiquity, and a
number of different Zoroasters - all described as having occult
powers - appear in historiographic accounts.
In Pliny's Natural History, Zoroaster is said to have laughed on
the day of his birth. He lived in the wilderness and enjoyed
exploring it from a young age. Plutarch compares him with
Lycurgus and Numa Pompilius (Numa, 4). Plutarch, drawing partly
on Theopompus, speaks of Zoroaster in Isis and Osiris: In this
work, the prophet is empowered by trust in his God and the
protection of his allies. He faces outward opposition and
unbelief, and inward doubt.
The works of Zoroaster had a significant influence on Greek
philosophy and Roman philosophy. The ancient Greek writer
Eudoxus of Cnidus and the Latin writer Pliny the Elder praised
Zoroaster's philosophy as "the most famous and most useful."
Plato learnt of Zoroaster's philosophy through Eudoxus and
incorporated some of it into his own Platonic realism. In the
third century BC, however, Colotes accused Plato's The Republic
of plagiarizing parts of (what is attributed to) Zoroaster's On
Nature, such as the Myth of Er. Plato's contemporary, Heraclides
Ponticus, wrote a text called Zoroaster based on Zoroaster's
philosophy in order to express his disagreement with Plato on
Zoroaster was mentioned by the nineteenth-century poet William
Butler Yeats. His wife and he were said to have claimed to have
contacted Zoroaster through "automatic writing."
The 2005 edition of the Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy places
Zoroaster first in a chronology of philosophers."
166 "... an IS-BE called Ahura Mazda."
"Ahura Mazda (Ahura Mazda) is the Avestan language name for a
divinity exalted by Zoroaster as the one uncreated Creator,
hence God. He is the nameless "Father Asura", that is, Varuna of
the Rigveda. In this view, Zoroastrian mazda is the equivalent
of the Vedic medhira, described in Rigveda 8.6.10 as the
"(revealed) insight into the cosmic order".
Ahura Mazda is seen as the Ahura par excellence, superior to
both *vouruna and *mitra, and the nameless "Father Asura" of the
Rigveda and is a distinct divinity. The Zoroastrian faith is
thus described by its adherents as Mazdayasna, the worship of
Mazda. In the Avesta, "Ahura Mazda is the highest object of
167 "Laozi, a philosopher who wrote a small book called "The
"According to tradition, it was written around 6th century BC by
the Taoist sage Laozi (or Lao Tzu, "Old Master"), a
record-keeper at the Zhou Dynasty court, by whose name the text
is known in China. Tao Te Ching is a Chinese classic text. Its
name comes from the opening words of its two sections: M dao
"way," and S de "virtue".
This ancient book is also central in Chinese religion, not only
for Taoism (Daojiao MS) but Chinese Buddhism, which when first
introduced into China was largely interpreted through the use of
Taoist words and concepts. Many Chinese artists, including
poets, painters, calligraphers, and even gardeners have used the
Tao Te Ching as a source of inspiration. Its influence has also
spread widely outside East Asia, aided by hundreds of
translations into Western languages."
Tao is nameless. (Tao) goes beyond distinctions, and transcends
Laozi describes a state of existence
before time or space:
"The Way that can be told of is
not an unvarying way;
The names that can be named are not unvarying names.
It was from the Nameless that heaven and Earth sprang;
The named is but the mother that rears the ten thousand
Each after its kind."
"The Spirit never dies.
It is the Mysterious Female.
The doorway of the Mysterious Female
Is the base from which Heaven and Earth sprang.
It is there within us, all the while;
Draw upon it as you will.
It never runs dry.
We put spokes together and call it a wheel;
But it is on the space where there is nothing that the value
of the wheel depends.
We turn clay to make a vessel;
But it is on the space where there is nothing that the value
of the vessel depends.
We pierce doors and windows to
make a house;
And it is on these spaces where there is nothing that the
value of the house depends.
Therefore just as we take advantage of what is, we should
recognize the value of what is not.
Knowing others is wisdom;
Knowing the self is enlightenment.
Mastering others requires force;
Mastering the self requires strength;
He who knows he has enough is rich.
Perseverance is a sign of will power.
He who stays where he is, endures.
To die but not to perish is to be eternally present."
Many believe the Tao Te Ching
contains universal truths that have been independently
recognized in other philosophies, both religious and secular."
168 "...Genesis... "
"Genesis (Greek: "birth", "origin") is the first book of the
Bible of Judaism and of Christianity, and the first of five
books of the Pentateuch or Torah.
"1 Now it came about, when men began to multiply on the face of
the land, and daughters were born to them,
2 that the "sons of God" saw that the daughters of men were
beautiful; and they took wives for themselves, whomever they
3 Then Yaweh said, "My Spirit shall not strive with man forever,
because he also is flesh; nevertheless his days shall be one
hundred and twenty years."
4 The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also
afterward, when the "sons of God" came in to the daughters of
men, and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men
who were of old, men of renown.
5 Then Yaweh saw that the wickedness of man was great on the
earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was
only evil continually."
169 "... Omphalos stones... "
"An omphalos is an ancient religious stone artifact, or
baetylusr. In Greek, the word omphalos means "navel" (compare
the name of Queen Omphale). According to the ancient Greeks,
Zeus sent out two eagles to fly across the world to meet at its
center, the "navel" of the world. Omphalos stones used to denote
this point were erected in several areas surrounding the
Mediterranean Sea; the most famous of those was at the oracle in
Most accounts locate the Omphalos in the temple adyton near the
Pythia. The stone itself (which may have been a copy) has a
carving of a knotted net covering its surface, and has a hollow
centre, which widens towards its base.
The Omphalos at Delphi came to be identified as the stone which
Rhea wrapped in swaddling clothes, pretending it was Zeus. This
was to deceive Cronus, his father, who swallowed his children so
they could not grow up and depose him as he had deposed his own
father, Uranus. Omphalos stones were said to allow direct
communication with "the gods".
170 "...Python, the serpent..."
"In Greek mythology Python, serpent, was the earth-dragon of
Delphi, always represented in sculpture and vase-paintings as a
serpent. She resided at the Delphic oracle, which existed in the
cult center for her mother, Gaia, Earth, Pytho being the place
name. The site was considered the center of the earth,
represented by a stone, the omphalos or navel, which Python
Pytho became the enemy of the later
Olympian deity Apollo, who slew her and remade her former home
and the oracle, the most famous in Classical Greece, as his own.
Many pictures show the serpent Python guarding the Omphalos, the
sacred navel-stone and mid-point of the earth, which stood in
171 "...Cyrus II of Persia..."
Cyrus the Great (c. 590 BC or 576 — August 529 BC or 530 BC),
also known as Cyrus II of Persia and Cyrus the Elder, was a
Persian emperor. He was the founder of the Persian Empire under
the Achaemenid dynasty. The empire expanded under his rule,
eventually conquering most of Southwest Asia and much of Central
Asia, from Egypt and the Hellespont in the west to the Indus
River in the east, to create the largest state the world had yet
During his twenty-nine year reign, Cyrus fought against some of
the greatest states of his time, including the Median Empire,
the Lydian Empire, and the Neo-Babylonian Empire. Cyrus did not
venture into Egypt, as he himself died in battle, fighting the
Massagetae along the Syr Darya in August 530 BC. He was
succeeded by his son, Cambyses II, who managed to conquer Egypt
during his short rule.
Beyond his nation, Cyrus left a lasting legacy on Jewish
religion (through his Edict of Restoration), politics, and
military strategy, as well as on both Eastern and Western
The only known example of his religious policy is his treatment
of the Jews in Babylon. The Bible records that a remnant of the
Jewish population returned to the Promised Land from Babylon,
following an edict from Cyrus to rebuild the temple. This edict
is fully reproduced in the Book of Ezra. As a result of Cyrus'
policies, the Jews honored him as a dignified and righteous
king. He is the only Gentile to be designated as a messiah, a
divinely-appointed king, in the Tanakh (Isaiah 45:1-6).
Some contemporary Muslim scholars have suggested that the
Qur'anic figure of Dhul-Qarnayn is Cyrus the Great. This theory
was proposed by Sunni scholar Abul Kalam Azad and endorsed by
Shi'a scholars Allameh Tabatabaei, in his Tafsir al-Mizan and
Makarem Shirazi and Sunni scholar Abul Ala Maududi.
During his reign, Cyrus maintained control over a vast region of
conquered kingdoms, achieved partly through retaining and
expanding Median satrapies. Cyrus' conquests began a new era in
the age of empire building, where a vast superstate, comprising
many dozens of countries, races, religions, and languages, were
ruled under a single administration headed by a central
In 1992, he was ranked #87 on Michael H. Hart's list of the most
influential figures in history. On December 10, 2003, in her
acceptance of the Nobel Peace Prize, Shirin Ebadi evoked Cyrus,
"I am an Iranian, a descendant
of Cyrus the Great. This emperor proclaimed at the pinnacle
of power 2,500 years ago that he 'would not reign over the
people if they did not wish it.' He promised not to force
any person to change his religion and faith and guaranteed
freedom for all. The Charter of Cyrus the Great should be
studied in the history of human rights."
Many of the forefathers of the
United States of America sought inspiration from Cyrus the Great
through works such as Cyropaedia. Thomas Jefferson, for example,
had two personal copies of the book, 'which was a mandatory read
for statesmen alongside Machiavelli's The Prince."
In a recent segment of ABC's Nightline with Ted Koppel, Ted
Koppel mentioned Cyrus the Great, when he was talking about the
new documentary film being made in his honor, and had this to
say of him:
"Cyrus the Great is genuinely
one of history's towering figures. America's own founders
such as Thomas Jefferson were influenced by Cyrus the Great
in the field of Human Rights."
-- Reference: Wikipedia.org
172 "... unique system of
organization used by Cyrus II..."
"During his reign, Cyrus maintained control over a vast region
of conquered kingdoms, achieved partly through retaining and
expanding Median satrapies. Further organization of newly
conquered territories into provinces ruled by vassal kings
called satraps, was continued by Cyrus' successor Darius the
Great. Cyrus' empire demanded only tribute and conscripts from
many parts of the realm.
Cyrus was distinguished equally as a statesman and as a soldier.
By pursuing a policy of generosity instead of repression, and by
favoring local religions, he was able to make his newly
conquered subjects into enthusiastic supporters. Due in part to
the political infrastructure he created, the Achaemenid empire
endured long after his demise.
The rise of Persia under Cyrus's rule had a profound impact on
the course of world history. Persian philosophy, literature and
religion all played dominant roles in world events for the next
millennia. Despite the Islamic conquest of Persia in the 7th
century CE by the Islamic Caliphate (Arab Empire), Persia
continued to exercise enormous influence in the Middle East
during the Islamic Golden Age."
173 "... tree of life...."
"Trees of life appear in folklore, culture and fiction, often
relating to immortality. These often hold cultural and religious
significance to the peoples for whom they appear.
The Sumerian (or Persian) Tree of Life was represented by a
series of nodes and criss-crossing lines. It was an important
religious symbol among these peoples, often attended to by Eagle
Headed Gods & Priests, or the King himself.
In Chinese mythology a carving
of a Tree of Life depicts a phoenix and a dragon -in Chinese
mythology the dragon often represents immortality. There is
also the Taoist story of a tree that produces a peach every
three thousand years. The one who eats the fruit receives
An archaeological discovery in
the 1990s was of a sacrificial pit at Sanxingdui in Sechuan,
China. Dating from about 1200 BCE, it contained 3 bronze
trees, one of them 4 meters high. At the base was a dragon,
and fruit hanging from the lower branches. At the top is a
strange bird-like (phoenix) creature with claws. Also from
Sechuan, from the late Han dynasty (c 25 - 220 CE) is
another tree of life. The ceramic base is guarded by a
horned beast with wings. The leaves of the tree are coins
In Egyptian mythology, in the
Ennead system of Heliopolis, the first couple, apart from
Shu & Tefnut (moisture & dryness) and Geb & Nuit (earth &
sky), are Isis & Osiris. They were said to have emerged from
the acacia tree of Saosis, which the Egyptians considered
the tree of life, referring to it as the "tree in which life
and death are enclosed".
The Egyptian's Holy Sycamore
also stood on the threshold of life and death, connecting
the two worlds.
In Germanic paganism, trees
played a prominent role, appearing in various aspects of
surviving texts and possibly in the name of gods.
The tree of life appears in
Norse religion as Yggdrasil, the world tree, a massive tree
with extensive lore surrounding it. Perhaps related to the
Yggdrasil, accounts have survived of Germanic Tribes
honouring sacred trees within their societies.
In Norse Mythology it is the
golden apples from Idunn's tree that provides immortality
for the gods.
The Tree of Life is mentioned in
the Books of Genesis, in which it has the potential to grant
immortality to Adam and Eve. (However, it is not immediately
obvious, nor is it universally accepted, that the Book of
Genesis account and the Book of Revelation account speak of
the same Tree of Life.)
A Tree of Life, in the form of
ten interconnected nodes, is an important part of the
Kabbalah. As such, it resembles the ten Sephirot.
The Tree of Life appears in the
Book of Mormon in a revelation to Lehi (see 1 Nephi
8:10-12). It is symbolic of the love of God (see 1 Nephi
11:21-23), and sometimes understood as salvation and
Etz Chaim, Hebrew for "Tree of
Life", is a common term used in Judaism. The expression,
found in the Book of Proverbs, is figuratively applied to
the Torah itself.
Among pre-Columbian Mesoamerican
cultures, the concept of 'world trees" is a prevalent motif
in Mesoamerican mythical cosmologies and iconography. World
trees embodied the four cardinal directions, which
represented also the fourfold nature of a central world
tree, a symbolic axis mundi connecting the planes of the
Underworld and the sky with that of the terrestrial world.
Depictions of world trees, both
in their directional and central aspects, are found in the
art and mythological traditions of cultures such as the
Maya, Aztec, Izapan, Mixtec, Olmec, and others, dating to at
least the Mid/Late Formative periods of Mesoamerican
Directional world trees are also
associated with the four Year bearers in Mesoamerican
calendars, and the directional colors and deities.
World trees are frequently
depicted with birds in their branches, and their roots
extending into earth or water (sometimes atop a
"water-monster", symbolic of the underworld).
The central world tree has also
been interpreted as a representation of the band of the
Milky Way. Fragment of a bronze helmet from Urartu, with the
"Tree of Life" depicted.
In ancient Armrenia around 13th
to 6th century BC, the Tree of Life was a religious symbol,
drawn onto the exterior walls of fortresses and carved on
the armour of warriors. The branches of the tree were
equally divided on the right and left sides of the stem,
with each branch having one leaf, and one leaf on the apex
of the tree. Servants (some winged) stood on each side of
the tree with one of their hands up as if they are taking
care of it. This tree can be found on numerous Urartu
artifacts, such as paintings on the walls of the Erebuni
fortress in Yerevan, Armenia.
The symbolism of the tree is
mentioned in the 135th hymn of the 10th book of Rig-Veda,
and in the 15th chapter of Bhagavad-gita (1-4).
In the Japanese religion of
Shinto, trees were marked with sacred paper symbolizing
lightning bolts, as trees were thought to be sacred. This
was propagated by the fact that after they passed (died),
ancestors and animals were often portrayed as branches on
The Book of One Thousand and One
Nights has a story, 'The Tale of Buluqiya', in which the
hero searches for immortality and finds a paradise with
jewel-encrusted trees. Nearby is a Fountain of Youth guarded
by Al-Khidr. Unable to defeat the guard, Buluqiya has to
The Epic of Gilgamesh is a
similar quest for immortality. In Mesopotamian mythology,
Etana searches for a 'plant of birth' to provide him with a
son. This has a solid provenance of antiquity, being found
in cylinder seals from Akkad (2390 -2249 BCE).
One of the earliest forms of
ancient Greek religion has its origins associated with tree
In mystical traditions of world
religions, sacred texts are read for metaphorical content
concerning the relationship between states of mind and the
external experience of reality. As such, the tree is a
manifestation/causal symbol - the Tree of Life representing the
coveted state of eternal aliveness or fulfillment, not
immortality of the body or soul. In such a state, physical death
(which cannot be overcome) is nevertheless a choice, and direct
experience of the perfect goodness/divine reality/god is not
only possible, but ever present.
Once the ego (surface consciousness) experiences shame, having
been tempted to absorb or believe in duality (such as eating of
the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil), we are protected from
living eternally in that limiting, fallen, experience by the
cherubim guarding the gate of return to paradise. The cherubim
are symbolic of the perfect knowledge of self or true nature,
with the power of purification and return to being."
174 "... the carvings show cone-shaped instruments, and
electronic detection devices
which are stylized as baskets or water buckets, being carried by
winged beings "
EDITOR'S NOTE: Excellent
photographs of these can be viewed at the following website:
175 "... faravahar..."
"The faravahar or farohar (transliteration varies) is one of the
best-known symbols of Zoroastrianism.
The winged disc has a long history in the art and culture of the
ancient Near and Middle East. Historically, the symbol is
influenced by the 'winged sun" hieroglyph appearing on Bronze
Age royal seals. While the symbol is currently thought to
represent a Fravashi (c. a guardian angel) and from which it
derives its name, what it represented in the minds of those who
adapted it from earlier Mesopotamian and Egyptian reliefs is
Because the symbol first appears on royal inscriptions,
it is also thought to represent the 'Divine Royal Glory' (khvarenah),
or the Fravashi of the king, or represented the divine mandate
that was the foundation of a king's authority.
This relationship between the name of the symbol and the class
of divine entities reflects the current belief that the symbol
represents a Fravashi. However, there is no physical description
of the Fravashis in the Avesta and in Avestan the entities are
Prior to the reign of Darius I, the symbol did not have a human
form above the wings. In present-day Zoroastrianism, the
faravahar is said to be a reminder of one's purpose in life,
which is to live in such a way that the soul progresses towards
frasho-kereti, or union with Ahura Mazda."
176 "...Oannes... "
"Oannes was the name given by the Babylonian writer Berossus in
the 3rd century BC to a mythical being who taught mankind
wisdom. Berossus describes Oannes as having the body of a fish
but underneath the figure of a man. He is described as dwelling
in the Persian Gulf, and rising out of the waters in the daytime
and furnishing mankind instruction in writing, the arts and the
Once thought to be based on the ancient Babylonian god Ea, it is
now known that Oannes is in fact based on Uan (Adapa) - the
first of the seven antediluvian sages or Abgallu (in Sumerian Ab=water,
Gal=Great, Lu=man), who were sent by Ea to deliver the arts of
civilization to mankind in ancient Sumerian mythology, at Eridu,
the oldest city of Sumer."
177 "Some members of the lost Battalion have been found in the
oceans inhabiting the bodies of dolphins or whales."
Dolphins have long played a role in human culture. Dolphins are
common in Greek mythology and there are many coins from the time
which feature a man or boy riding on the back of a dolphin. The
Ancient Greeks treated them with welcome; a ship spotting
dolphins riding in their wake was considered a good omen for a
smooth voyage. Dolphins also seem to have been important to the
Minoans, judging by artistic evidence from the ruined palace at
Knossos. In Hindu mythology, the Ganges River Dolphin is
associated with Ganga, the deity of the Ganges river.
Dolphins are often regarded as one of Earth's most intelligent
animals, though it is hard to say just how intelligent dolphins
are, as comparisons of species' relative intelligence are
complicated by differences in sensory apparatus, response modes,
and nature of cognition. Furthermore, the difficulty and expense
of doing experimental work with large aquatics means that some
tests which could yield meaningful results still have not been
carried out, or have been carried out with inadequate sample
size and methodology. Dolphin behavior has been studied
extensively by humans however, both in captivity and in the
"The Anunnaki are a group of Sumerian and Akkadian deities
related to, and in some cases overlapping with, the Annuna (the
'Fifty Great Gods') and the Igigi (minor gods), meaning
something to the effect of 'those of royal blood' or 'princely
offspring' or "heaven and earth".
The Anunnaki appear in the Babylonian creation myth,
In the late version magnifying Marduk, after the creation of
mankind, Marduk divides the Anunnaki and assigns them to their
proper stations, three hundred in heaven, three hundred on the
earth. The Anunnaki were the High Council of the Gods, and Anu's
companions. They were distributed through the Earth and the
179 "... flying on a "Winged-Disc". "
"The winged sun is a symbol associated with divinity, royalty
and power in the Ancient Near East (Egypt, Mesopotamia,
Anatolia, and Persia). The symbol has also been found in the
records of ancient cultures residing in various regions of South
America as well as Australia.
In Ancient Egypt, the symbol is attested from the Old Kingdom (Sneferu,
26th century BC), often flanked on either side with a uraeus. In
early Egyptian religion, the symbol Behedeti represented Horus
of Edfu, later identified with Ra-Harachte. It is sometimes
depicted on the neck of Apis, the bull of Ptah. As time passed
(according to interpretation) all of the subordinated gods of
Egypt were considered to be aspects of the sun god, including
From roughly 2000 BC, the symbol spread to the Levant and to
Mesopotamia. It appears in reliefs with Assyrian rulers and in
Hieroglyphic Anatolian as a symbol for royalty, transcribed as
literally, "his own self, the Sun". From ca. the 8th century BC,
it appears on Hebrew seals, by now as a generic symbol for
"power". The symbol evolved into the Faravahar (the 'visual
aspect of Ahura Mazda") in Zoroastrian Persia."
180 "... he established a high
standard of ethical, and humanitarian philosophy..."
"Up to the time of the conquest of Media by Cyrus the Great,
Median emperors ruled their conquered territories as provinces,
through client kings and governors. One of the keys to the
Achaemenid success (as with most enduring great empires) was
their open attitude to the culture and religion of the conquered
people, so ironically the Persian culture was the one most
affected as the Great King endeavored to melt elements from all
his subjects into a new imperial style."
"Several authors, including Zecharia Sitchin and Graham Hancock,
have repeated each other's argument that there are major
correspondences between the pyramids of Gizeh and those of
Teotihuacan. The Pyramid of the Sun is 225m wide and 65 m high,
constructed out of five successive layers of mud. Its ascent is
via 242 stairs. The floor plan is rather close to that of the
Pyramid of Khufu at Gizeh. The Pyramid of the Moon is much
smaller: 42 m high and 150 m wide, yet its summit is as high as
that of Sun, because it sits on the site's highest point. This
feature can also be seen in Gizeh, where Khufu's and Khafre's
pyramid reach an equal height, even though one is taller than
The most obvious comparison, however, is that the layout of both
the three pyramids at Gizeh and the three main structures of
Teotihuacan represent the Belt of Orion. The Pyramid of the Moon
compares with the smallest pyramid on the plateau, the Sun
Pyramid with Khafre and the Temple of Quetzalcoatl, which has
the largest ground plan, but never was built into a full
pyramid, compares with that of Khufu.
Though there are individual differences, I would suggest that
the same ingredients have been used, answering to the same
general ground plan: to represent the Belt of Orion, which in
ancient Egypt was the symbol of Horus (not Osiris as Adrian
Gilbert and Robert Bauval have argued) and in the Mayan culture
was part of the creation mythology. Local legends stated that
the complex was built to transform men into gods. For sure, an
"alien space station" could be an interpretation of that, but it
is clear that the answer needs to be located in the domain of
On May 17, ca. 150 AD, the Pleiades rose just before the Sun in
the predawn skies. This synchronization, known as the heliacal
rising of the Pleiades, only lasted approx. 100 year. It is now
suggested that it was this event that was at the origin of
Teotihuacan. The sun and the Pleiades are important in the
religious rituals. The Sun-Pleiades zenith conjunction marked
what is known as the New Fire ceremony.
Bernardino de Sahugun's Aztec
informants stated that the ceremony occurred at the end of every
52 year Calendar Round. The Aztecs and their predecessors had
carefully observed the Pleiades, and on the expected night they
were supposed to pass through the zenith, precisely at midnight,
when the ceremony was performed."
"The story is that al-Hassan
ibn-al-Sabbah used hashish to enlist the aid of young men into
his private army known as assassins (aschishin - or follower of
Hassan). One of the primary sources for this information comes
from the writings of Marco Polo who visited the area in 1273,
almost 150 years after the reign of Al-Hassan.
There are many conflicting facts and sources for this
In the early 11th century, al-Hassan became the head of the
Persian sect of the Ismailians, a rather obscure party of
fanatics which gained local power under his guidance. In 1090,
al-Hassan and his followers seized the castle of Alamut, in the
province of Rudbar, which lies in the mountainous region south
of the Caspian Sea. It was from this mountain home that he
obtained evil celebrity among the Crusaders as 'the old man of
the mountains", and spread terror through the Mohammedan world.
In the account given by Marco Polo in "The Adventures [or
Travels] of Marco Polo" it is told that "The Old Man kept at his
court such boys of twelve years old as seemed to him destined to
become courageous men. When the Old Man sent them into the
garden in groups of four, ten or twenty, he gave them hashish to
drink. They slept for three days, then they were carried
sleeping into the garden where he had them awakened.
"When these young men woke, and found themselves in the garden
with all these marvelous things, they truly believed themselves
to be in paradise. And these damsels were always with them in
songs and great entertainments; they; received everything they
asked for, so that they would never have left that garden of
their own will."
"The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon
commonly known as the Knights Templar were among the most famous
of the Western Christian military orders. The organization
existed for approximately two centuries in the Middle Ages. It
was founded in the aftermath of the First Crusade of 1096 to
ensure the safety of the many Europeans who made the pilgrimage
to Jerusalem after its conquest.
Around 1119, two veterans of the First Crusade, the French
knight Hugues de Payens and his relative Godfrey de Saint-Omer,
proposed the creation of a monastic order for the protection of
the pilgrims. King Baldwin II of Jerusalem agreed to their
request, and gave them space for a headquarters on the Temple
Mount, in the captured Al Aqsa Mosque.
The Temple Mount had a mystique,
because it was above what was believed to be the ruins of the
Temple of Solomon. The Crusaders therefore referred to the Al
Aqsa Mosque as Solomon's Temple, and it was from this location
that the Order took the name of Poor Knights of Christ and the
Temple of Solomon, or "Templar" knights. The Order, with about
nine knights, had few financial resources and relied on
donations to survive. Their emblem was of two knights riding on
a single horse, emphasizing the Order's poverty.
The Templars' impoverished status did not last long. They had a
powerful advocate in Bernard of Clairvaux, a leading Church
figure and a nephew of one of the founding knights. He spoke and
wrote persuasively on their behalf, and in 1129 at the Council
of Troyes, the Order was officially endorsed by the Church. With
this formal blessing, the Templars became a favored charity
across Europe, receiving money, land, businesses, and noble-born
sons from families who were eager to help with the fight in the
Holy Land. Another major benefit came in 1139, when Pope
Innocent II's papal bull Omne Datum Optimum exempted the Order
from obedience to local laws. This ruling meant that the
Templars could pass freely through all borders, were not
required to pay any taxes, and were exempt from all authority
except that of the Pope.
With its clear mission and ample resources, the Order grew
rapidly. Templars were often the advance force in key battles of
the Crusades, as the knights on their heavily armed warhorses
would set out to gallop full speed at the enemy, in an attempt
to break opposition lines. One of their most famous victories
was in 1177 during the Battle of Montgisard, where some 500
Templar knights helped to defeat Saladin's army of more than
Although the primary mission of the Order was military,
relatively few members were combatants. The others acted in
support positions to assist the knights and to manage the
financial infrastructure. The Templar Order, though its members
were sworn to individual poverty, was given control of wealth
beyond direct donations. A nobleman who was interested in
participating in the Crusades might place all his assets under
Templar management while he was away.
Accumulating wealth in this manner
across Europe and the Outremer, the Order in 1150 began
generating letters of credit for pilgrims journeying to the Holy
Land: pilgrims deposited their valuables with a local Templar
preceptory before embarking, received an encrypted document
indicating the value of their deposit, then used that document
upon arrival in the Holy Land to retrieve their funds. This
innovative arrangement may have been the first formal system to
support the use of cheques; it improved the safety of pilgrims
by making them less attractive targets for thieves, and also
contributed to the Templar coffers.
Based on this mix of donations and business dealing, the Templar
established financial networks across the whole of Christendom.
They acquired large tracts of land, both in Europe and the
Middle East; they bought and managed farms and vineyards; they
built churches and castles; they were involved in manufacturing,
import and export; they had their own fleet of ships; and at one
point they even owned the entire island of Cyrprus. The Templar
arguably qualifies as the world's first multinational
184 " The Knights Templar were disbanded by King Philip IV of
France, who was deeply in debt to the Order."
"King Philip was already deeply in debt to the Templars from his
war with the English and decided to seize upon the rumors for
his own purposes. He began pressuring the Church to take action
against the Order, as a way of freeing himself from his debts.
On Friday October 13, 1307 (a date linked with the origin of the
Friday the 13th superstition), Philip ordered de Molay and
scores of other French Templars to be simultaneously arrested.
The Templars were charged with numerous heresies and tortured to
extract false confessions of blasphemy. The confessions, despite
having been obtained under duress, caused a scandal in Paris.
After more bullying from Philip, Pope Clement then issued the
bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae on November 22, 1307, which
instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all
Templars and seize their assets.
Pope Clement called for papal hearings to determine the Templars'
guilt or innocence, and once freed of the Inquisitors' torture,
many Templars recanted their confessions. Some had sufficient
legal experience to defend themselves in the trials, but in 1310
Philip blocked this attempt, using the previously forced
confessions to have dozens of Templars burned at the stake in
With the last of the Order's leaders gone, the remaining
Templars around Europe were either arrested and tried under the
Papal investigation (with virtually none convicted), absorbed
into other military orders such as the Knights Hospitaller, or
pensioned and allowed to live out their days peacefully. Some
may have fled to other territories outside Papal control, such
as excommunicated Scotland or to Switzerland.
It is estimated that at the Order's peak there were between
15,000 and 20,000 Templars, of whom about a tenth were actual
185 "The Templars fled to
Switzerland where they established
an international banking
"Banking in Switzerland is characterized by stability, privacy
and protection of clients' assets and information. The country's
tradition of bank secrecy, which dates to the Middle Ages.
According to the CIA World Factbook, Switzerland is "a major
international financial centre vulnerable to the layering and
integration stages of money laundering; despite significant
legislation and reporting requirements, secrecy rules persist
and nonresidents are permitted to conduct business through
offshore entities and various intermediaries... "
In 1998, an international panel of historians released a study
that claimed a significant amount of gold had been stolen from
Holocaust victims, as well as the treasuries of conquered
countries, and deposited in the Swiss National Bank. The panel
found that, despite evidence of theft and wrongful acquisition
of the gold, the SNB continued to accept the deposits. In 2000,
a United States District Court judge approved a US$1.85 billion
settlement between several Swiss banks and Holocaust victims."
186 "A primary influence of "Old Empire" operatives is on
EDITOR'S NOTE: The most famous example of this kind of activity
is the "Bilderberg Conference".
See the following reference to
this organization from Wikipedia.org:
Bilderberg Group or Bilderberg conference is an unofficial annual
invitation-only conference of around 130 guests, most of
whom are persons of influence in the fields of business,
media and politics.
The elite group meets annually at luxury hotels or resorts
throughout the world — normally in Europe — and once every
four years in the United States or Canada. It has an office
in Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands. The 2007 conference
took place from May 31 to June 3 at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel
in Istanbul, Turkey.
Attendees of Bilderberg include central bankers, defense
experts, mass media press barons, government ministers,
prime ministers, royalty, international financiers and
political leaders from Europe and North America.
Some of the Western world's leading financiers and foreign
policy strategists attend Bilderberg. Donald Rumsfeld is an
active Bilderberger, as is Peter Sutherland from Ireland, a
former European Union commissioner and chairman of Goldman
Sachs and of British Petroleum. Rumsfeld and Sutherland
served together in 2000 on the board of the Swedish/Swiss
engineering company ABB. Former U. S. Deputy Defense
Secretary and former World Bank head Paul Wolfowitz is also
a member. The group's current chairman is Etienne Davignon,
the Belgian businessman and politician.
Critics say the Bilderberg Group promotes the careers of
politicians whose views are representative of the interests
of multinational corporations, at the expense of democracy.
The group s secrecy and its connections to power elites has
provided fodder for many who believe that the group is part
of a conspiracy to create a New World Order.
Radio host Alex Jones promotes the theory that the group
intends to dissolve the sovereignty of the United States and
other countries into a supra-national structure similar to
the European Union. Madrid-based author Daniel Estulin
claims that the long-term purpose of Bilderberg is to "Build
a One-World Empire". He states the group "is not the end but
the means to a future
One World Government".
opponent of the group, Tony Gosling, has registered the
domain name Bilderberg.org, largely hosting material
critical of Bilderberg.
Reporter Jonathan Duffy, writing in BBC News Online Magazine
states "In the void created by such aloofness, an
extraordinary conspiracy theory has grown up around the
group that alleges the fate of the world is largely decided
-- Reference: Wikipedia.org
187 " A primary influence of "Old
Empire" operatives on international bankers is to act as an
unseen, non-combatant provocateur who covertly promote and
finance weapons and warfare... "
EDITOR'S NOTE: An excellent modern example of this activity has
been documented in the World War II financing of Nazis by
(Prescott Bush, Director of Union Banking Corp.) the patriarch
George Bush and his son, President
George W. Bush:
"On October 20, 1942, the U.S. government ordered the seizure of
Nazi German banking operations in New York City that were being
conducted by Prescott Bush, the father of former president
George Herbert Walker Bush.
Harriman Bank was the main Wall Street connection for several
German companies and the varied U.S. financial interests of
Fritz Thyssen. Thyssen had been an early financial backer of the
Nazi party until 1938, but by 1939 had fled Germany and was
bitterly denouncing Hitler. He was later jailed by the Nazis for
his opposition to the regime. Business transactions with Germany
were not illegal when Hitler declared war on the United States
on December 11, 1941, but, six days after the attack on Pearl
Harbor, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed the Trading
With the Enemy Act after it had been made public that U.S.
companies were doing business with the declared enemy of the
On October 20, 1942, the U.S. government ordered the seizure of
German banking operations in New York City. Roosevelt's Alien
Property Custodian, Leo T. Crowley, signed Vesting Order Number
248 seizing Bush's property under the Trading with the Enemy
Act. The order cited only the Union Banking Corporation (UBC),
of which Bush was a director and held one share, which had
connections with a Dutch bank owned by Thyssen.
Fox News has reported that recently declassified material
reveals that the 4,000 Union Banking shares owned by the Dutch
bank were registered in the names of the seven U.S. directors,
according to a document signed by Homer Jones, chief of the
division of investigation and research of the Office of Alien
Property Custodian, a World War II-era agency.
By 1941 Thyssen no longer had
control over his banking empire, which was in the hands of the
E. Roland Harriman - 3991 shares
(managed and under voting control of Prescott Bush)
Cornelis Lievense - 4 shares (He
was the New York banker of the Nazi Party)
Harold D. Pennington - 1 share
(Employed by Prescott Bush at Brown Brothers Harriman)
Ray Morris - 1 share (a business
partner of the Bush and Harriman families)
Prescott S. Bush - 1 share
(director of UBC, which was co-founded and sponsored by his
father-in-law George Walker; senior managing partner for E.
Roland Harriman and Averell Harriman)
H.J. Kouwenhoven - 1 share
(organized UBC for Von Thyssen, managed UBC in Nazi occupied
Johann G. Groeninger - 1 share
(German Industrial Executive, a not unimportant member of
the Nazi party)
Both E. Roland Harriman and Prescott
Bush were members of Skull and Bones as well as being members of
the board of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co..
The Harriman business interests seized under the act in October
and November 1942 included:
Union Banking Corporation (UBC)
(for Thyssen and Brown Brothers Harriman). The President of
UBC at that time was George Herbert Walker, Bush's
Corporation (with Harriman)
the Seamless Steel Equipment
Corporation (with Harriman)
(this company was partially owned by a German entity; during
the war the Germans tried to take full control of
Silesian-American. In response to that, the American
government seized German owned minority shares in the
company, leaving the U.S. partners to carry on the
The assets were held by the
government for the duration of the war, then returned afterward.
UBC was dissolved in 1951. Bush was on the board of directors of
UBC and held one share in the company. For it, he was reimbursed
$1,500,000.(a huge amount of money at the time - but there is no
documentary evidence to support this claim) These supposed
assets were later used to launch Bush family investments in the
Texas energy industry.
Toby Rogers has claimed that Bush's connections to Silesian
businesses (with Thyssen and Flick) make him complicit with the
mining operations in Nazi-occupied Poland which used slave labor
out of Oswiecim, where the Auschwitz concentration camp was
The New York Herald-Tribune referred to Thyssen as "Hitler's
Angel" and mentioned Bush as an employee of the investment
banking firm Thyssen used in the United States. Some records in
the National Archives, including the Harriman papers, document
the continued relationship of Brown Brothers Harriman with
Thyssen and some of his German investments up until his 1951
Investigator John Loftus has said,
"As a former federal prosecutor,
I would make a case for Prescott Bush, his father-in-law
(George Walker) and Averell Harriman [to be prosecuted] for
giving aid and comfort to the enemy. They remained on the
boards of these companies knowing that they were of
financial benefit to the nation of Germany."
Two former slave laborers from
Poland have filed suit in London against the government of the
United States and the heirs of Prescott Bush in the amount of
$40 billion. A class-action lawsuit filed in the U.S. in 2001
was dismissed based on the principle of state sovereignty.
Prescott Bush connection to the Merchants of Death industry came
from his father Samuel P. Bush who worked for Buckeye Steel
Castings Company which manufactured railway parts for the
railroad industry and barrels for guns and casings for shells
for Remington Arms."
There are also many well documented books which detail the
relationship between Swiss Banks the Nazi war machine: Germany
and the Second World War: Volume VI: The Global War (Germany and
the Second World War by Horst Boog, Werner Rahn, and Reinhard
The complicity of the Swiss banks and government in funding the
Nazi regime was known at the end of World War II. Read the
details on the following website:
"The Secret War Against the Jews, Unholy Trinity (By Mark
Aarons, John Loftus) tells one of the darkest tales of World War
II. After the war had ended, fearing a surge of Soviet growth,
the Papacy entered into an espionage alliance with British and
American intelligence agents. Subsuming justice to the nascent
Cold War ideology, these three powers ferreted Nazi criminals
out of Europe so that they could be used in the supposedly
greater fight against Communism.
The Vatica's Nazi smuggling network
was penetrated by Prince Anton Turkul, the great Soviet double
agent who turned the operations into a sting for his masters in
the Kremlin. Unholy Trinity exposes Turkul's "Red Nazi"
operation for the first time and shows how Kim Philby, the
infamous British-Soviet double agent, and his network were
nearly sacrificed to preserve Turkul's Vatican operation.
Exploring the Vatican's role in aiding Nazi criminals to escape
punishment for their crimes, this book, originally published in
1991, first revealed the Vatican--Swiss bank connection to Nazi
gold and documented the hidden links to Western investors in
Since 1991, major revelations about
the role of Swiss banks have confirmed Unholy Trinity's expose
of the flight of the Nazi's stolen treasures; the new
introduction and new final chapters, written by Aarons and
Loftus for this edition, bring the book completely up to date
and show how the media have missed the vital
in the Swiss-bank story.
Among other things, the authors
demonstrate that U.S. and British code-breakers were fully aware
of the Holocaust as early as 1941 but lied to the Western press;
that the code-breakers bugged the Swiss banks and then buried
secrets of Nazi gold transfers to protect U.S. intelligence
chief Allen Dulles; and that the Australian, British, and
Canadian governments are still waging a campaign to keep their
citizens ignorant about the Nazi war criminals living among
Covers all these topics and more,
Unholy Trinity is the definitive history of a series of
profoundly disturbing cover-ups involving the Holy See, Allen
Dulles, the Swiss banks, and the remnants of the Third Reich."
-- Reference: http://books.google.com/books?id=HXxew8zc1GQC&vq=secret+war+funding,+Swiss+Banks
Otto Nathan (1893-1987) was an
economist who taught at Princeton University (1933-35), New York
University (1935-42), Vassar College (1942-44), and Howard
University (1946¬52). Dr. Nathan was a close friend of Albert
Einstein for many years and was designated by Einstein as
co-trustee of his literary estate with Helen Dukas.
Otto Nathan was the author of the
following books which detail the Swiss Banks involvement in WW
II: Nazi War Finance and Banking Our Economy in War. Cambridge,
Massachusetts: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1944.
Paperback: ASIN B000J0VXBG.
The Nazi Economic System: Germany's Mobilization for War. New
York: Russell & Russell, 1971. Hardcover textbook: ISBN
0-846-21501-2, ISBN 978-0-84621-501-1"