Since the late 1970s the incident has been the subject of
intense controversy and several conspiracy theories as to the true
nature of the object that crashed.
Many UFO proponents maintain that an alien craft was found and its occupants were captured, and that the military then engaged in a cover-up. The incident has turned into a widely known pop culture phenomenon, making the name Roswell synonymous with UFOs.
It is the most
publicized and controversial of alleged UFO incidents.
The next day, the press reported that Commanding General of the Eighth Air Force Roger M. Ramey stated that, in fact, a radar-tracking balloon had been recovered by the RAAF personnel, not a “flying disc.”
press conference was called, featuring debris said to be from the
crashed object, which seemed to confirm the weather balloon
Then, in 1978, physicist and ufologist Stanton T. Friedman interviewed Major Jesse Marcel who was involved with the original recovery of the debris in 1947. Marcel expressed his belief that the military had covered up the recovery of an alien spacecraft.
His story spread through UFO
circles, being featured in some UFO documentaries at the time.
This date (or “about three weeks” before July 8) appeared in later stories featuring Brazel, but the initial press release from the Roswell Army Air Field said the find was “sometime last week,” suggesting Brazel found the debris in early July.
Brazel told the Roswell Daily Record that he and his son saw a,
Some accounts have described Brazel as having gathered some of the material earlier, rolling it together and stashing it under some brush. The next day, Brazel heard reports about “flying discs” and wondered if that was what he had picked up. On July 7, Brazel saw Sheriff Wilcox and “whispered kind of confidential like” that he may have found a flying disc.
Another account quotes Wilcox as saying that Brazel reported
the object on July 6.
Rudiak and some other examiners claim that when
enlarged, the text on the paper General Ramey is holding in his hand
includes key phrases “the victims of the wreck” and “in/on the
‘disc’” plus other phrases seemingly in the context of a crashed
Other objections question the plausibility of a general allowing himself to be photographed holding such a document, raise issues with the format of the memo, and ponder the logic of Ramey having in his possession a document he, as Rudiak argued, has sent, which says,
...yet is supposedly addressed to the
Headquarters of the Army Air Force in Washington, not the Roswell
Army Air Field