research by Mike Hebert
translation and comments by Zoltan
historical remarks compiled from the book “Les Prophéties de Saint Malachie”
by Daniel Réju, 1979 Paris, France
from GoroAdachi Website

recovered through WayBackMachine Website




This is fruit of a tremendous collective effort between Mike Hebert and myself.


Note that I have included the two popes that Mike insists on including in the list:
Innocent III the antipope who reigned from 1179-1180, and Benedict XIV the counter-antipope (or as history came to know him: the ‘hidden pope’) of 1425-?.

A few remarks about this if I may.

  1. neither of the above popes seem to be included in Malachy’s prophecy. Not arguing, just stating that they seem to be missing.

  2. no researcher or author on the subject that I have read have included either of these two popes in their interpretation

  3. for the omission of Innocent III of 1179, the only explanation I have is that I don’t have an explanation. Maybe someone else can give it a try.

  4. in the case of Benedict XIV, the counter-antipope of 1425, I have previously expressed my opinion, that I don’t think anyone should seriously consider him to be legit, seeing that:

    1. he was elected pope by a single person, and not by a conclave of cardinals as tradition would have it,

    2. the person who elected him did it out of spite and rebellion because he was not invited to the conclave of cardinals where the real antipope was being elected,

    3. after his election as pope, the would be Benedict XIV retreated into hiding, and no one knew of his whereabouts, except the one who elected him,

    4. when the wannabe died a few years later, someone else elected the guy who elected him as pope, again with the same name: Benedict XIV

    5. this second Benedict XIV spent the rest of his life and his entire so called ‘papal rule’ in prison.

I have posted the references supporting the above facts from Britannica and I can post them again on request.

So: where was papacy here?


We have two elections, by single individuals, no conclave. I fail to see how the Benedict XIV’s of 1425 (either of them) had right to the title. If anyone wants to argue this point, I will personally elect him pope immediately.

My opinion is that the status of Benedict XIV of 1425, (although mentioned in encyclopaedias for historical reference), is, forgive the pun, ‘hocus popus’.

Now for the rest:

  • The list below is an excerpt from one of the books on the subject.

  • The books I have read, agree on a list of 112 mottoes, referencing 112 popes, 110 since Malachy, and 2 to come.

  • Note that the list of popes is given most often in chronological order, except where sometimes the antipopes are bunched together by location instead of being interlaced with the official list.

According to the authors who researched the subject, it would seem that this is the order that would satisfy the mottoes with the greatest accuracy (with maybe some minor exceptions).

I have quoted a few interpretations of the most obvious mottoes with historical references, which should shed light on their meaning, and which should be able to give the prophecy some credibility. The quoted interpretations are gross approximations of the historical references given by the authors. There are other interpretations which I have left out, either because they are too obscure, or too lengthy to include here.

Although some interpretations are strikingly accurate, I can not, and will not argue the validity of the prophecy; I am posting it as information for those who have e-mailed me expressing their interest in the subject.

For clarity, I used Mike Heberts’s english list of the popes. The dates are from Encyc.Brit. I realize that a few dates differ from Mike’s, but I will let the publishing houses argue about that.

A star precedes the names of the antipopes; mottoes are in Latin.

Here we go:




      POPES  (*ANTIPOPES)                   PROPHETIA S. MALACHIAE
                                            DE SUMMIS PONTIFICIBUS

   .----rank in papal succession
 :                 from Peter.
165 Celestine II (1143-1144)            1   Ex castro Tyberis.
                                            (from a castle on the Tiber)
                                            Hist.: Celestin II was born in
                                            Citta di Castello, Toscany,
                                            on the shores of the Tiber 
166 Lucius II (1144-1145)               2   Inimicus expulsus.
167 Eugene III (1145-1153)              3   Ex magnitudine montis.
                                            (Of the greatness of the mount)
                                            Hist.: Born in the castle of
                                            Grammont (latin: mons magnus),
                                            his family name was Montemagno
168 Anastasius IV (1153-1154)           4   Abbas Suburranus.
169 Adrian IV (1154-1159)               5   De rure albo.
                                            (field of Albe)
                                            Hist.: Born  in the town of
*   Victor IV (1159-1164)               6   Ex tetro carcere.
*   Paschal III (1164-1168)             7   Via trans-Tyberina.
*   Calistus III (1168-1178)            8   De Pannonia Tusciae.

??? Innocent III (1179-1180)           --   as I mentioned, this antipope
                                            does not seem to be accounted
                                            for in Malachy's list. 
                                            Neither D. Reju nor
                                            de Fontbrune include this
                                            antipope in their

170 Alexander III (1159-1181)           9   Ex ansere custode.
171 Lucius III (1181-1185)             10   Lux in ostio.
172 Urban III (1185-1187)              11   Sus in cribo.
173 Gregory VIII (1187)                12   Ensis Laurentii.
174 Clement III (1187-1191)            13   De schola exiet.
175 Celestine III (1191-1198)          14   De rure bovensi.
176 Innocent III (1198-1216)           15   Comes signatus.
                                            (signed Count)
                                            Hist.: descendant of the noble
                                            Signy, later called Segni
177 Honorius III (1216-1227)           16   Canonicus de latere.
178 Gregory IX (1227-1241)             17   Avis Ostiensis.
                                            (Bird of Ostia)
                                            Hist.: before his election he
                                            was Cardinal of Ostia
179 Celestine IV (1241)                18   Leo Sabinus.
180 Innocent IV (1243-1254)            19   Comes Laurentius.
181 Alexander IV (1254-1261)           20   Signum Ostiense.
182 Urban IV (1261-1264)               21   Hierusalem Campaniae.
                                            (Jerusalem of Champagne)
                                            Hist.: native of Troyes,
                                            Champagne, later patriarch of
183 Clement IV (1265-1268)             22   Draca depressus.
184 Gregory X (1271-1276)              23   Anguinus vir.
185 Innocent V (1276)                  24   Concionatur Gallus.
186 Adrian V (1276)                    25   Bonus Comes.
187 John XXI (1276-1277)               26   Piscator Tuscus.
188 Nicholas III (1277-1280)           27   Rosa composita.
189 Martin IV (1281-1285)              28   Ex teloneo liliacei Martini.
190 Honorius IV (1285-1287)            29   Ex rosa leonina.
191 Nicholas IV (1288-1292)            30   Picus inter escas.
192 Nicholas IV (1288-1292)            31   Ex eremo celsus.
                                            (elevated from a hermit)
                                            Hist.: prior to his election he
                                            was a hermit in the monastery
                                            of Pouilles
193 Boniface VIII (1294-1303)          32   Ex undarum benedictione.
194 Benedict XI (1303-1304)            33   Concionator patereus.
195 Clement V (1305-1314)              34   De fessis Aquitanicis.
                                            (ribbon of Aquitaine)
                                            Hist.: was archbishop of
                                            Bordeaux in Aquitaine
196 John XXII (1316-1334)              35   De sutore osseo.
                                            (of the cobbler of Osseo)
                                            Hist.: Family name Ossa, son of
                                            a shoe-maker
*   Nicholas V (1328-1330)             36   Corvus schismaticus.
                                            (the schismatic crow)
                                            Note the reference to the
                                            schism, the only antipope at
                                            this period
197 Benedict XII (1334-1342)           37   Frigidus Abbas.
                                            (cold friar)
                                            Hist.:  he was a priest in the
                                            monastery of Frontfroid
198 Clement VI (1342-1352)             38   De rosa Attrebatensi.
199 Innocent VI (1352-1362)            39   De montibus Pammachii.
                                            (of the mount of Pammachius)
                                            Hist: born in Mont, Limousin,
                                            not much else here
200 Urban V (1362-1370)                40   Gallus Vice-comes.
201 Gregory XI (1370-1378)             41   Novus de Virgine forti.
                                            (novel of the virgin fort)
                                            Hist.: count of Beaufort, later
                                            Cardinal of Ste-Marie La Neuve
*   Clement VII (1378-1394)            42   De cruce Apostilica.
*   Benedict XIII (1394-1423)          43   Luna Cosmedina.
*   Clement VIII (1423-1429)           44   Schisma Barcinonicum.

??? Benedict XIV (1425-?)              --   again, left out of the list;
                                            see my remarks at the top
202 Urban VI (1378-1389)               45   De Inferno praegnanti.
203 Boniface IX (1389-1404)            46   Cubus de mixtione.
204 Innocent VII (1404-1406)           47   De meliore sydere.
205 Gregory XII (1406-1415)            48   Nauta de ponte nigro.
*   Alexander V (1409-1410)            49   Flagellum Solis.
*   John XIII (1410-1415)              50   Cervus Sirenae.
206 Martin V (1417-1431)               51   Corona veli aurei.
207 Eugene IV (1431-1447)              52   Lupa caelestina.
*   Felix V (1439-1449)                53   Amator crucis.
208 Nicholas V (1447-1455)             54   De modicitate lunae.
209 Callistus III (1455-1458)          55   Bos pascens.
                                            (grazing ox)
                                            Hist.: Alphonse Borgia's arms
                                            sported a golden grazing ox
210 Pius II (1458-1464)                56   De capra et Albergo.
211 Paul II (1464-1471)                57   De cervo et Leone.
212 Sixtus IV (1471-1484)              58   Piscator Minorita.
213 Innocent VIII (1484-1492)          59   Praecursor Siciliae.
214 Alexander VI (1492-1503)           60   Bos Albanus in portu.
215 Pius III (1503)                    61   De parvo homine.
216 Julius II (1503-1513)              62   Fructus jovis juvabit.
217 Leo X (1513-1521)                  63   De craticula Politiana.
218 Adrian VI (1522-1523)              64   Leo Florentius.
216 Clement VII (1523-1534)            65   Flos pilaei aegri.
220 Paul III (1534-1549)               66   Hiacynthus medicorum.
221 Julius III (1550-1555)             67   De corona Montana.
222 Marcellus II (1555)                68   Frumentum floccidum.
223 Paul IV (1555-1559)                69   De fide Petri.
224 Pius IV (1559-1565)                70   Aesculapii pharmacum.
225 St. Pius V (1566-1572)             71   Angelus nemorosus.
226 Gregory XIII (1572-1585)           72   Medium corpus pilarum.
227 Sixtus V (1585-1590)               73   Axis in medietate signi.
228 Urban VII (1590)                   74   De rore caeli.
229 Gregory XIV (1590-1591)            75   De antiquitate Urbis.
230 Innocent IX (1591)                 76   Pia civitas in bello.
231 Clement VIII (1592-1605)           77   Crux Romulea.
232 Leo XI (1605)                      78   Undosus Vir.
233 Paul V (1605-1621)                 79   Gens perversa.
234 Gregory XV (1621-1623)             80   In tribulatione pacis.
235 Urban VIII (1623-1644)             81   Lilium et rosa.
236 Innocent X (1644-1655)             82   Jucunditas crucis.
237 Alexander VII (1655-1667)          83   Montium custos.
238 Clement IX (1667-1669)             84   Sydus Olorum.
                                            (constellation of swans)
                                            Hist.: upon his election, he
                                            was apparently the occupant of
                                            the Chamber of Swans in the
239 Clement X (1670-1676)              85   De flumine magno.
240 Innocent XI (1676-1689)            86   Bellua insatiabilis
241 Alexander VIII (1689-1691)         87   Poenitentia gloriosa.
242 Innocent XII (1691-1700)           88   Rastrum in porta.
243 Clement XI (1700-1721)             89   Flores circumdati.
244 Innocent XIII (1721-1724)          90   De bona Religione.
245 Benedict XIII (1724-1730)          91   Miles in bello.
246 Clement XII (1730-1740)            92   Columna excelsa.
247 Benedict XIV (1740-1758)           93   Animal rurale.
248 Clement XIII (1758-1769)           94   Rosa Umbriae.
249 Clement XIV (1769-1774)            95   Ursus velox.
250 Pius VI (1775-1799)                96   Peregrinus Apostolicus
251 Pius VII (1800-1823)               97   Aquila rapax.
252 Leo XII (1823-1829)                98   Canis et coluber.
253 Pius VIII (1829-1830)              99   Vir religiosus.
254 Gregory XVI (1831-1846)           100   De balneis hetruriae.
                                            (bath of Etruria)
                                            Hist.: prior to his election he
                                            was member of an order founded
                                            by Saint Romuald, at Balneo, in
                                            Etruria, present day Toscany.
255 Pius IX (1846-1878)               101   Crux de cruce.
256 Leo XIII (1878-1903)              102   Lumen in caelo.
257 St. Pius X (1903-1914)            103   Ignis ardent.
                                            (ardent fire)
                                            Hist.: his death coincided with
                                            the beginning of the fires of
258 Benedict XV (1914-1922)           104   Religio depopulata.
259 Pius XI (1922-1939)               105   Fides intrepida.
260 Pius XII (1939-1958)              106   Pastor angelicus.
261 John XXIII (1958-1963)            107   Pastor et Nauta.
                                            (pastor and marine)
                                            Hist.:  prior to his election
                                            he was patriarch of Venise,  a
                                            marine city, home of the
262 Paul VI (1963-1978)               108   Flos florum.
                                            (flower of flowers)
                                            Hist.: his arms displayed three
263 John Paul I (1978)                109   De medietate Lunae.
                                            (of the half of the moon)
                                            Hist.: Albino Luciani, born in
                                            Canale d'Ogardo, diocese of
                                            Belluno, (beautiful moon)
                                            Elected pope on august 26, on
                                            the first day of the last
                                            quarter of the moon which
                                            appeared as a perfect half-disk
                                            in the sky... 
                                            The lunar eclipse of the 17th
                                            of september was to be the
                                            apogee of his reign.  His reign
                                            lasted about a month, from half
                                            a moon to the next half...
                                            He died (according to some,
                                            assassinated) on september 28
                                            on a night of the last quarter,
                                            with again only half of the
                                            silver disk visible in the
                                            night sky...
264 John Paul II (1978-)              110   De labore Solis.
                                            (of the eclipse of the sun)
                                            Hist.:Karol Wojtyla was born on
                                            mai 18, 1920 during a solar
265 ???                               111   Gloria olivae.

266 ???                               112   In psecutione extre-
                                            ma S.R.E. sedebit
                                            Petrus Romanus, qui
                                            pascet oues in mul-
                                            tis tribulationibus :
                                            quibus transactis ci-
                                            uitas septicollis di-
                                            ruetur, & Iudex tre
                                            mêdus iudicabit po
                                            pulum suum.  Finis.



And thus ends the prophecy.

The following is an approximate translation of the last motto:

‘In extreme persecution, the seat of the Holy Roman Church will be occupied by Peter the Roman, who will feed (lead) the sheep through many tribulations, at the term of which the city of seven hills will be destroyed, and the formidable Judge will judge his people. The End.’

This motto was sent to me in its original form by Claude Latremouille, who has reference to the text published in 1595. The motto was written exactly as shown above.

There is no number 112 in front of the last motto, leaving the reader to wonder if ‘Gloria Olivae’ IS Peter the Roman, or they are two separate entities. Some authors have speculated that the omission of the number 112 may indicate that Peter the Roman will not acceed to office through orthodox means.

The city of seven hills refers to Rome. (Vatican?)

Some, including Encyc. Brit., assert that the prophecy was not written by Malachy at all. Others further theorize that Nostradamus conjured up the list, who, not willing to be persecuted for having foretold the end of the Catholic church, ‘gave the credit’ to Malachy. In support of this theory, it must be said that the prophecy was not known to exist prior to 1595.


This could explain the accuracy of some the mottoes prior to that date.



Last note:

If we added the two popes that I mentioned at the beginning of this post to the list, then the prophecy should be considered fulfilled already, since that would already give us 112 popes to the tune of 112 mottoes.


In such a case, the interpretations of the last mottoes would obviously be difficult to fit.


The way it stands, according to this prophecy, and according to the few fitting interpretations, (correct or not), so far we had 110 legitimate popes with 2 more to come. If anyone can discover other fitting interpretations of the mottoes please feel free to add to the list.

I am inclined to make this my last lengthy post on this subject, for fear of beating it to death.