by Stephen Smith
July 21, 2011
Spiral galaxy NGC
4911 in the
Credit: NASA, ESA,
and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA).
There are a multitude of celestial
bodies, and all of them spin.
Any substance that contains charged particles is a form of
...and even galaxies are plasma.
In energetic regions of plasma, filaments of electric current flow
in closed circuits, otherwise the charged particles would accumulate
and the flow would stop.
The existence of electric circuits in
space is what distinguishes
Electric Universe theory from most, if
not all, conventional viewpoints. As Electric Universe advocates
insist, it is the behavior of electricity that explains phenomena
that appear "mysterious" to space scientists.
...provide observational evidence for the existence
of plasma circuits.
Celestial bodies are not isolated from one
another, but are connected across vast distances.
Electromagnetic forces squeeze those conductive channels into
filaments that tend to attract each other in pairs. Electric fields
that form along the long strands generate an attractive force that
can be 39 orders of magnitude greater than gravity. However, when
they get close to each other, instead of merging, the plasma
"cables" twist into a helix that rotates faster as it compresses
It is those "cosmic transmission lines"
that make up galactic circuits.
Astronomers maintain that galaxies are condensed clouds of hydrogen
and dust that have been compressed by gravity until they ignite with
multiple thermonuclear fireballs.
Since there is not enough luminous mass
to account for their large angular momentum estimates, theories that
involve "haloes of dark matter" around galaxies, or "supermassive
black holes" in their centers have been proposed for why galaxies
The cosmos appears to be interlaced with untold numbers of
interacting circuits that occur in nested hierarchies. Each of those
circuits appears to be composed of untold numbers of twisting
filaments of plasma called
Birkeland currents. At the largest
observable scale there are power-consuming objects, or loads in the
various circuits, that appear to be converting electrical energy
into rotational energy.
Consensus opinions suggest that galaxies, stars, and planets spin
because of how they formed.
A comparatively large cloud of gas and
dust is said to contract, causing its spin rate to increase.
Although, why a randomly moving cloud of particles should have a net
spin rate is both illogical and unexplained. In the case of a
galaxy, spiral arms form, a disk of material surrounds the central
nucleus, and eddy-currents inside the disk condense into stars.
The spinning cloud is supposed to
overcome its internal gravitational attraction with centrifugal
force, flinging out material like drops of paint.
In the same way, stellar systems develop within eddies that form in
discrete bands around fusion-hot gravity wells that, in turn, become
planets, moons, comets, and asteroids. Since they are all supposed
to share a similar genesis, they are all believed to spin for the
Hannes Alfvén's "electric galaxy" hypothesis, on the other
hand, states that galaxies (and by extension, stars and other
objects) are more like a device invented by Michael Faraday, the
homopolar motor. A homopolar motor is driven by magnetic fields
induced in a circular, conductive metal plate.
The plate rotates between the poles of
an electromagnet, causing it to spin at a rate proportional to the
Since galaxies exist within a filamentary circuit of electricity
that flows through the cosmos, they and their attendant stellar and
planetary offspring most likely spin because of electricity flowing
through them like it does through Faraday's motor.