Free Energy - Fact or Fiction?
While in college Tesla thought it could be possible to operate an
electrical motor without sparking brushes. He was told by the
professor that such a motor would require perpetual motion and was
therefore impossible. Tesla was determined to prove him wrong.
In the 1880's, despite his professors scoffs, Tesla patented the
alternating current generator, motor, and transformer. During the
1890's he intensively investigated other methods of power generation
including a charged particle collector patented in 1901.
When the New York Times in June of 1902 carried a story about an
inventor who claimed he had invented an electrical generator that
did not require a prime mover in the form of an external fuel
supply, Tesla wrote a friend that he had already invented such a
Tesla claimed the invention was an electrical generator that would
not consume any fuel. Such a generator would be its own prime mover
and was utterly impossible according to modern scientists.
Ninety to a hundred years ago, everybody knew that a
heavier-than-air machine could not possibly fly. It would violate
the laws of physics. This was the learned opinion of practically all
of the so-called experts on the matter.
For example, Simon Newcomb declared in 1901:
"The demonstration that no possible
combination of known substances, known forms of machinery and
known forms of force, can be united in a practical machine by
which man shall fly long distances through the air."
Fortunately, a few people such as the
Wright Brothers wouldn't accept such pronouncements as the final
word. Now we take heavier than air flight for granted. Today,
orthodox physicists and other scientists are saying similar things
against the idea of free energy technologies.
They use negative terms such as pseudoscience and perpetual motion,
and citing physical laws which assert that energy cannot be created
or destroyed (1st law of thermodynamics), and there is always a
decrease in useful energy (2nd law of thermodynamics).
Free energy inventions are devices which can tap a seemingly
unlimited supply of energy from the universe, without burning any
kind of fuel, creating the perfect solution to the worldwide energy
crisis and its associated pollution, degradation, and depletion of
the environment. Most free energy devices probably do not create
energy, but rather tap into existing natural energy sources by
various forms of induction.
Unlike solar or wind devices, free energy devices need little or no
energy storage capacity, because they can tap as much energy as
needed when needed. Properly designed, free energy devices do not
have any limitations.
In The Brooklyn Eagle newspaper, Tesla announced, on July 10th,
"I have harnessed the cosmic rays and caused them to
operate a motive device."
Later on in the same article he said that:
"More than 25 years ago I began my efforts to harness the cosmic
rays and I can now state that I have succeeded."
In 1933, he made the same assertion in an article for the
American, under the lead in: Device to Harness Cosmic Energy Claimed
"This new power for the driving of
the world's machinery will be derived from the energy which
operates the universe, the cosmic energy, whose central source
for the earth is the sun and which is everywhere present in
Dating back more than 25 years ago from
1933 would mean that the device Tesla was speaking about must have
been built before 1908. Almost certainly the idea had occurred to
Tesla years earlier. More precise information is available through
his correspondence now located in the Columbia University Library's
Electricity Without Burning Fuel
Writing on June 10th, 1902 to his friend Robert U. Johnson, editor
of Century Magazine, Tesla included a clipping from the previous
day's New York Herald about Clemente Figueras, a woods and forest
engineer in Las Palmas, capital of the Canary Islands, who had
invented a device for generating electricity without burning fuel.
What became of Figueras and his fuel-less generator is not known,
but this announcement in the paper prompted Tesla, in his letter to
Johnson, to claim he had already developed such a device and had
revealed the underlying physical laws.
Other U.S. patents have been filed: (#3,811,058, #3,879,622, and
#4,151,431), for example, for motors that run exclusively on
permanent energy, seemingly tapping into energy circulating through
the earth's magnetic field. The first two require a feedback network
in order to be self-running.
The third one, (as described in detail in Science & Mechanics
magazine, Spring, 1980), requires critical sizes, shapes,
orientations, and spacings of magnets, but no feedback. Such a motor
could drive an electric generator or reversible heat pump in one's
home, year round, for free. [Complete descriptive copies of U.S.
patents are $3.00 each from the U.S. Patent Office, 2021 Jefferson
Davis Hwy., Arlington, VA22202; correct 7-digit patent number
According to Oliver Nichelson, who has made extensive studies of
Tesla and free energy machines, the device that, at first, seems to
best fit Tesla's claims is found in his patent for an "Apparatus for
the Utilization of Radiant Energy" Number
685,957, that was filed
for on March 21, 1901 and granted on November 5, 1901.
"Apparatus for the
Utilization of Radiant Energy"
filed on March 21, 1901 and granted on November 5, 1901.
The concept behind the older technical language is simple -an
insulated metal plate is put as high as possible into the air.
Another metal plate is put into the ground. A wire is run from the
metal plate to one side of a capacitor and a second wire goes from
the ground plate to the other side of the capacitor.
The sun, as well as other sources of radiant energy, throw off
minute particles of matter positively electrified, which, impinging
upon [the upper] plate, communicate continuously an electrical
charge to the same. The opposite terminal of the condenser being
connected to ground, which may be considered as a vast reservoir of
negative electricity, a feeble current flows continuously into the
condenser and inasmuch as the particles are charged to a very high
potential, this charging of the condenser can continue almost
indefinitely, even to the point of rupturing the dielectric.
Today, we would call this device a solar-electric panel. Tesla's
invention is very different though, but the closest thing to it in
conventional technology is in photovoltaics. One radical difference
is that conventional solar-electric panels consist of a substrate
coated with crystalline silicon; the latest use amorphous silicon.
Conventional solar panels are expensive, and, whatever the coating,
they are manufactured by esoteric processes. But Tesla's solar panel
is just a shiny metal plate with a transparent coating of an
Stick one of these antenna-like panels up in the air, the higher the
better, and wire it to one side of a capacitor, the other going to a
good earth ground.
Now the energy from the sun is charging
that capacitor. Connect across the capacitor some sort of switching
device so that it can be discharged at rhythmic intervals, and you
have an electric output.
Tesla's patent tells us that it is very simple to get electric
energy. The bigger the area of the insulated plate, the more energy
you get. However, this is more than a solar panel because it does
not necessarily need sunshine to operate. It also produces power at
Of course, this is impossible according to official science. For
this reason, you could not get a patent on such an invention today.
Tesla's free energy receiver refers to the sun, as well as other
sources of radiant energy, like cosmic rays.
That the device works at night is explained in terms of the night
time availability of cosmic rays. Tesla also refers to the ground as
a vast reservoir of negative electricity.
Tesla was fascinated by radiant energy and its free energy
possibilities. He called the Crooke's radiometer (a device which has
vanes that spin in a vacuum when exposed to radiant energy) a
beautiful invention. He believed that it would become possible to
harness energy directly by connecting to the very wheelwork of
This seems like a very straightforward design and would seem to
fulfill his claim for having developed a fuel-less generator powered
by cosmic rays, but in 1900 Tesla wrote what he considered his most
important article in which he describes a self-activating machine
that would draw power from the ambient medium, a fuel less
generator, that is different from his Radiant Energy Device.
Entitled: The Problem of Increasing Human Energy - Through the Use of
the Sun, the article was published by his friend Robert Johnson in
The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine for June 1900.
The title of the chapter where he discusses this device is called: A
Departure From Known Methods -Possibility of a "Self Acting" Engine
or Machine, Inanimate, Yet Capable, Like an Living Being, of
Deriving Energy From the Medium -The Ideal Way of Obtaining Motive
Tesla stated he first started thinking about the idea when he read a
statement by Lord Kelvin who said it was impossible to build a
mechanism capable of abstracting heat from the surrounding medium
and to operate by that heat. Tesla envisioned a very long bundle of
metal rods, extending from the earth to outer space.
The earth is warmer than outer space so heat would be conducted up
the bars along with an electric current. Then, all that would be
needed is a very long power cord to connect the two ends of the
metal bars to a motor.
The motor would continue running until the earth was cooled to the
temperature of outer space. Of course, now we wouldn't need a power
cord to connect the two ends -microwaves would serve.
This would be an inanimate engine which, to all evidence, would be
cooling a portion of the medium below the temperature of the
surrounding, and operating by the heat abstracted, that is, it would
produce energy directly from the environment without the consumption
of any material.
Tesla goes on in the article to describe how he worked on the
development of such an energy device - here it takes a bit of
detective work to focus on which of his inventions he meant.
He wrote that he first started thinking about deriving energy
directly from the environment when he was in Paris during 1883, but
that he was unable to do much with the idea for several years due to
the commercial introduction of his alternating current generators
and motors. It was not until 1889 when he again took up the idea of
the self-acting machine.
In 1893, Tesla applied for a patent on an electrical coil that is
the most likely candidate for a non-mechanical successor of his
energy extractor. This is his "Coil for Electro-magnets," patent
#512,340. It is a curious design, unlike an ordinary coil made by
turning wire on a tube form, this one uses two wires laid next to
each other on a form but with the end of the first one connected to
the beginning of the second one.
In the patent Tesla explains that this double coil will store many
times the energy of a conventional coil. The patent, however, gives
no hint of what might have been its more unusual capability.
In an article for Century Magazine, Tesla compares extracting energy
from the environment to the work of other scientists who were, at
that time, learning to condense atmospheric gases into liquids. In
particular he cited the work of a Dr. Karl Linde who had discovered
what Tesla described as a self-cooling method for liquefying air.
As Tesla said,
"This was the only experimental
proof which I was still wanting that energy was obtainable from
the medium in the manner contemplated by me."
What ties the Linde work with Tesla's
electromagnet coil is that both of them used a double path for the
material they were working with. Linde had a compressor to pump the
air to a high pressure, let the pressure fall as it traveled through
a tube, and then used that cooled air to reduce the temperature of
the incoming air by having it travel back up the first tube through
a second tube enclosing the first.
The already cooled air added to the cooling process of the machine
and quickly condensed the gases to a liquid. Tesla's intent was to
condense the energy trapped between the earth and its upper
atmosphere and to turn it into an electric current.
He pictured the sun as an immense ball of electricity, positively
charged with a potential of some 200 billion volts. The Earth, on
the other hand, is charged with negative electricity.
The tremendous electrical force between these two bodies
constituted, at least in part, what he called cosmic energy. It
varied from night to day and from season to season but it is always
Tesla's patents for electrical generators and motors were granted in
the late 1880's. During the 1890's the large electric power
industry, in the form of Westinghouse and General Electric, came
into being. With tens of millions of dollars invested in plants and
equipment, the industry was not about to abandon a very profitable
ten year old technology for yet another new one.
Tesla saw that profits could be made from the self-acting generator,
but somewhere along the line it was pointed out to him the negative
impact the device would have on the newly emerging technological
revolution of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
At the end of his article in Century he wrote:
"I worked for a long
time fully convinced that the practical realization of the method of
obtaining energy from the sun would be of incalculable industrial
value, but the continued study of the subject revealed the fact that
while it will be commercially profitable if my expectations are well
founded, it will not be so to an extraordinary degree."
Years later, in 1933, he was more pointed in his remarks about the
introduction of his fuel-less generator. In the Philadelphia Public
Ledger of November 2, is an interview with Tesla under the headline:
Tesla 'Harnesses' Cosmic Energy.
In it he was asked whether the sudden introduction of his principle
would upset the present economic system, Dr. Tesla replied,
"It is badly upset already." He
added: "Now as never before was the time ripe for the
development of new resources."
At a press conference to celebrate his
76th birthday, Tesla announced that he had invented a cosmic-ray
When asked if it was more powerful than the Crooke's radiometer, he
"Thousands of times more powerful."
Tesla claimed that from the electric
potential that exists between the elevated plate (plus) and the
ground (minus), energy builds in the capacitor, and, after a
suitable time interval, the accumulated energy will manifest itself
in a powerful discharge.
Unfortunately, this invention, like so many others that Tesla
claimed near the end of his life, allegedly never was developed. At
least it was never developed publicly. When he died, there were in
all, the approximate equivalent of a railroad boxcar load of Tesla
materials confiscated by the government, from around four different
Of this, a total of only about 150,000 documents were released to
Tesla's Yugoslavian relatives, now held by the Tesla Institute in
Belgrade. These documents and old models, primarily of a historical
nature, comprise most of the published Tesla materials of the
A huge volume of documents and models were retained by the Custodian
of Alien Properties in an unclassified state, because the
government's experts had declared that none of it was worth
From 1943 until 1945, when, following the arrival of the Nazi
scientists and the secret war files of Nazi Germany, acquired under
Operation Paperclip, officials from Wright-Patterson Air Force Base
hurried up to the warehouses of the Custodian of Alien Properties,
and took possession of all the documents and other materials, all
which were classified at the highest level.
The remainder of Tesla's papers in government hands are still
classified. There are literally tons of notes, documents, drawings,
and plans, as well as the over twenty boxes of still missing Tesla
material. The government distributed false rumors that Tesla never
kept notes, which was a blatant lie.
To this day, there is no way of knowing whether or not Tesla's
cosmic ray motor was practical or not. However, evidence found in
Tesla's lost journals seems to indicate that free energy is possible
and within the framework of known science.
Richard (Scott) McKie designed and tested in 1991 a small model of a
Power On Demand MODule. The circuitry invokes Tesla's theories of
electron flow, resonance, and magnetism, combined with modern
theories on high frequency electronics and radio antennas to
generate power directly, without the inefficient conversion of
energy from other sources.
Tesla applied the knowledge gained from
Colorado experiments in the construction of Wardenclyffe in what
is today Shoreham, Long Island. This facility was to be his crowning
achievement: a World Telegraphy Center.
Tesla envisioned not only the broadcast
of news and transmission of encoded personal messages, but also a
universal time code and the transmission of electricity.
Tree Energy Research Today
Patrick G. Bailey, Ph. D. in his Review Of Zero Point Energy And
Free Energy Theory, Progress, And Devices - writes that the study of
the free energy field overlaps with quite a number of other areas of
science and technology that are not well understood, and are usually
called "fringe areas."
Bailey believes that responsible investigations in these areas do
uncover important information and data that can relate to various
questions that occur in the study of free energy.
These questions include:
Why is this research not conducted?
Why is it suppressed?
Are there other examples of such
Where can I get more information?
Are there any
examples of such advanced related technologies?
If such energy
sources exist, has anyone found out how to use them?
How do they
Can I use them, and can I use them in a responsible manner?
There is a great outcry by those familiar with our current energy
policy and the public electricity utility network for need of a new
breakthrough in the technology of energy production. Dr. Gary
Johnson, a college professor and IEEE Senior Member, recently
published a short review of the researchers in this area in a noted
US technical journal and concluded his four page report with the
"There is a great deal of noise in
the literature. Some concepts are obviously nonsense. Others
will prove to be in error. But is there any signal in all the
noise? There is if Tesla, Moray, and Bearden are correct. The
potential payoff is enormous, so the search should be continued
if there is any chance at all of success."
Also, Llewellen King, publisher of
The Energy Daily, Defense Week, and Environmental Week newsletters in
Washington DC recently strongly and dramatically stated in a speech
to an international technical conference:
"We have failed with energy to come
up with the 'Great Big Breakthrough!' 'The Major Change.' 'The
Radically Different Thing.' 'The Quantum Leap Forward.' Where is
the jump from a copper wire to a fiber or to a cable? Where is
the equivalent of fiber optics for electricity?... The new
technologies such as magnetohydrodynamics, (are advancing and
coming forth), and yet these things have not fostered - and we
are still boiling water! It is theoretically possible that we
could at some point take this 'Quantum Leap Forward.' And in
order to do that, I believe that you will need new institutions
to deploy new technology.
"They won't be deployed by the extant of the old institutions.
The challenge in technology is to find It, and then sell It, and
finally to deploy It."
Does there exist a conspiracy to
suppress free energy devices -like the suppression that confronted
Tesla with his free-energy receiver? There is the possibility that
there is a collection and network of vested interest groups that
seem to tightly band together for mutual financial survival.
The actions taken by any of these groups may be completely
independent from the others. As well, some sort of control and
suppression in the press seems very evident. Ken MacNeill published
in 1983 a very disturbing article entitled "Insights into the
Proprietary Syndrome," in which he points out that over 3,000
patents have been suppressed!
Two historical events are worth including here regarding possible
suppression and inability to commercialize free energy devices.
These are the Over-Unity Device of T. Henry Moray, and the Hindershot Motor. Both of these devices were publicly demonstrated
to the US press in the 1930s, and carefully conducted tests were
made to assess these devices.
From the newspaper reports and clippings, it appears that both
devices passed all tests, only to fall into oblivion. What exactly
happened to the devices, their inventors, and the technology is not
known. It also appears that the secrets of the devices died with
Toby Grotz has presented theory and results of Project Tesla to
determine if the earth's electrostatic (atmospheric)
can be resonated, if the power that is delivered to the cavity
propagates with very low losses, and if power can be extracted at
other locations within the cavity. A theoretical analysis of Tesla's
"Death Ray" was also presented by Toby Grotz (1991).
By carefully examining historical records, this 1937 design was
probably the first attempt to construct a high voltage particle beam
device. Tesla's estimates indicate that a five meter diameter metal
sphere charged to 60 million volts could project a high energy
charged particle beam up to 60 kilometers through the air in a given
In 1991, Oliver Nichelson summarized two of Tesla's later energy
generation device designs, including a turbine-shaped Unipolar
Dynamo design for a machine that can continue to produce electricity
after being disconnected from an outside power source.
This paper is also important because it
also describes Tesla's "Coil for Electro-Magnetics," patented in
Following in Tesla's Footprints
In the early 1900's, Dr.
Thomas Henry Moray
of Salt Lake City produced
his first device to tap energy from the metafrequency oscillations
of empty space itself. Eventually Moray was able to produce a free
energy device weighing sixty pounds and producing 50,000 watts of
electricity for several hours. Ironically, although he demonstrated
his device repeatedly to scientists and engineers, Moray was unable
to obtain funding to develop the device further into a useable power
station that would furnish electrical power on a mass scale.
Tesla, Moray had run afoul of those who had an "energy monopoly" and
were not willing to share.
As a boy, Moray had been deeply inspired by Nikola Tesla. Moray was
especially enthusiastic by Tesla's claims of free energy, and his
emphasis on frequencies as the stuff of the universe. When Moray
finished high school he went abroad to study, and took resident
examinations for his doctorate in electrical engineering from the
University of Uppsala, Sweden, during the period 1912-14.
Moray at first theorized that energy was coming from within the
earth. Through continuous experimentation and in spite of the doubts
held by the scientific community of the day, he discovered that the
energy was not coming from the ground but from an outside source
away from the earth.
The energy came in continuous surges, like waves of the sea, more in
the daytime than at night. At this time Moray had enough power to
light a 16-candle power carbon lamp at about one-half capacity. He
labeled and defined his "Radiant Energy: the source of energy coming
from the cosmos to the earth and radiating back from whence it
Around 1920, Moray produced his first elementary device that
delivered measurable electrical power, and he continued to work
diligently on energy devices when he had time. In the 1920's and
1930's he steadily improved his devices, particularly his detector
tube, the only real secret of the device according to Moray himself.
In his book,
The Sea Of Energy In Which The Earth Floats,
presents documented evidence that he invented the first
transistor-type valve in 1925. In his free energy detector tube
Moray apparently used, inside the tube itself, a variation of this
transistor idea—a small rounded pellet of a mixture of triboluminescent zinc, a semiconductor material, and a radioactive
Channeling the waves of energy was done by way of an antenna. When
set up and connected to the ground, priming and then tuning, the
device would draw electrical energy. Results of this experimentation
proved that the power generation had not originated from within the
device. The device, through channeling radiant energy, produced up
to 50,000 Watts of power and worked for long periods of time.
According to Moray, highly energetic cosmic rays from space are
tapped by the machine, which is in subharmonic resonance with this
high-frequency energy level, and it converts this energy level into
a usable form of electricity. However, Moray's use of the term
"cosmic ray" is not necessarily the same as that of modern physics,
but in fact is the same as the present concept of zero-point energy
Moray envisioned all space filled with tremendously high frequency
vibrations carrying vast and incalculable amounts of pure raw
energy. He envisioned the dynamic Universe as a turbulent source of
great energy, just as the ocean waves carry energy throughout the
earth. This idea was also shared by Tesla,
Moray's patent application (never granted) was filed on July 13,
1931, long before the advent of the Bell Laboratories' transistor.
Moray successfully demonstrated his radiant energy device to
electrical engineering professors, congressmen, dignitaries, and a
host of other visitors to his laboratory. Moray even moved his
device several miles out in the country, away from all power lines,
to prove that he was not simply tuning in to energy being
clandestinely radiated from some other part of his laboratory.
Several times he allowed independent investigators to completely
disassemble his device and reassemble it, then reactivate it
themselves. In all tests, he was successful in demonstrating that
the device could produce energy output without any appreciable
energy input. According to exhaustive documentation, no one was ever
able to prove that the device was fraudulent or that Moray had not
accomplished exactly what he claimed.
On the other hand, the records are full of signed statements from
physicists, electrical engineers, and scientists who came to the
Moray laboratory as skeptics and left convinced that Moray had
succeeded in tapping a universal source of energy that could produce
free electrical power.
But despite his successes, the U.S. Patent Office refused to grant
Moray a patent, first, because his device used a cold cathode in the
tubes (the patent examiner asserted it was common knowledge that a
heated cathode was necessary to obtain electrons) and, second,
because he failed to identify the source of the energy.
All sorts of irrelevant patents and devices were also presented as
being infringed upon or duplicated by Moray's work. Each of these
objections was patiently answered and nullified by Moray;
nonetheless, the patent has still not been issued to this day,
although Moray's family still keep the patent application current.
According to writer
Tom Bearden, one of Moray's efforts to develop
the machine involved an association with the Rural Electrification
Agency for a short time before World War II. At that time, the
was apparently infiltrated at the highest levels by Communist
sympathizers. These officials continually urged Moray to turn over
all details of his device to the Soviet Union, and even arranged the
visit of high level Soviet scientists to the Moray laboratory to see
the device in operation.
It is thought that because of Moray's dealings with the R.E.A. - much
of his important work was obtained clandestinely by the Soviet
Union. Bearden speculates that Moray's work inspired the Soviets to
develop the hyperspace amplifiers later used in their psychotronic
Moray became quite alarmed at the continued attempts of his R.E.A.
contacts to get the device into the hands of the Russians. He
eventually concluded that he had become involved with a governmental
group filled with radicals and reactionaries. Much like Tesla, Moray
became concerned that fifth column activity was actually directed
against him in an attempt to steal his device.
Perhaps because of his misgivings, Moray was wounded by a gunshot in
his own laboratory on March 2, 1940. No details have ever surfaced
concerning who fired the shot or if Moray was the intended target.
Moray finally discontinued his association with the R.E.A. in
Unfortunately, Moray's basic unit was destroyed in 1939 by a man who
had wanted Moray to fully disclose the inner workings and
construction of his device. In Moray's day there was no theory
predicting that empty space contained prodigious quantities of
energy. Modern followers of quantum geometrodynamics assert the
truth of Tesla's original vision. Today we know that one cubic
centimeter of pure vacuum contains enough energy to condense into
1080 -10120 grams of matter. Thus the major part of Tesla's and
Moray's thesis -that vacuum itself contains unlimited energy -is
With the high price of gasoline and the ever growing concern for our
environment, the concept of an all electric car is once again being
considered by the major auto manufacturers. Unfortunately, the
problem with battery weight and storage still makes electric cars
In an article by Arthur Abrom for the Dallas Morning News, it was
pointed out that electric powered automobiles were one of the
earliest considerations and this mode of propulsion enjoyed a brief
but short reign. In the early days of automobile development,
electric propulsion was considered and used.
An electric powered automobile possessed many advantages that the
noisy, cantankerous, smoke-belching gasoline cars could not offer.
First and foremost is the absolute silence one experiences when
riding in an electrically powered vehicle. There is not even a hint
One simply turns a key and steps on the accelerator -the vehicle
moves instantly. No cranking from the start, no crank to turn (this
was before electric starters), no pumping of the accelerator, no
spark control to advance and no throttle linkage to pre-set before
starting. One simply turned the ignition switch to on and away you
If one wants to increase speed, you simply depress the accelerator,
further there is never any hesitation. Releasing the accelerator
causes the vehicle to slow down immediately -you are always in
complete control. It is not difficult to understand why these
vehicles were so very popular around the turn of the century and
until around 1915.
The big disadvantage to these cars then, and even today, was their
range and need for recharging every night. All of these electric
vehicles used a series of batteries and a D.C. motor. The batteries
require constant recharging and the range of travel was restricted
to about 100 miles. Many of the large department stores in
metropolitan areas began purchasing delivery trucks that were
electrically powered. They were silent and emitted no pollutants.
They were almost the perfect car.
Maintenance was a minimum on electrically powered vehicles. There
were few mechanics and garages in operation in the early 1900's. So
city life and travel appeared to be willing to embrace the electric
Two things happened to dampen the popularity of the electric
automobile. One was the subconscious craving for speed that gripped
all auto enthusiasts of this era. Electric vehicles could not reach
speeds of 45 or 50 m.p.h. for this would have destroyed the
batteries in moments. Bursts of speeds of 25 to 35 m.p.h. could be
maintained for a moment or so.
Normal driving speed, depending upon traffic conditions, was 15 to
20 m.p.h. by 1900 to 1910 standards, this was an acceptable speed
limit to obtain from your electric vehicle. As well, the electric
automobile could not be adapted to accommodate and utilize Tesla's
polyphase A.C. motor. So, somewhere around 1915 or so, the electric
automobile became just a memory.
In 1931, under the financing of Pierce-Arrow and George
Westinghouse, a 1931 Pierce-Arrow was selected to be tested at the
factory grounds in Buffalo, N.Y. The standard internal combustion
engine was removed and an 80-H.P. 1800 r.p.m electric motor
installed to the clutch and transmission. The A.C. motor measured 40
inches long and 30 inches in diameter and the power leads were left
standing in the air -no external power source.
At the appointed time, Nikola Tesla arrived from New York City and
inspected the Pierce-Arrow automobile. He then went to a local radio
store and purchased a handful of tubes, wires and assorted
resistors. A box measuring 24 inches long, 12 inches wide and 6
inches high was assembled housing the circuit.
The box was then placed on the front seat and had its wires
connected to the air cooled, brushless motor. Two rods 1 /4" in
diameter stuck out of the box about 3" in length. Mr. Tesla got into
the driver's seat, pushed the two rods in and stated, "We now have
power." He put the car into gear and it moved forward.
This vehicle, powered by an A.C. motor, was driven to speeds of 90
m.p.h. and performed better than any internal combustion engine of
its day. One week was spent testing the vehicle. Several newspapers
in Buffalo reported this test.
When asked where the power came from, Tesla replied, "From the
ethers all around us." Several people suggested that Tesla was mad
and somehow in league with sinister forces of the universe. He
became incensed, removed his mysterious box from the vehicle and
returned to his laboratory in New York City.
His secret apparently died with him. It is speculated that Tesla was
able to somehow harness the earth's magnetic field that encompasses
our planet. And, he somehow was able to draw tremendous amounts of
power by cutting these lines of force or causing them to be
multiplied together. The exact nature of his device remains a
In 1969, Joseph R. Zubris took his 1961 Mercury and pulled out the
Detroit internal combustion engine. He then installed an electric
motor as a source of power. His unique wiring system cut the energy
drain at starting to 75% of normal and doubled the electrical
efficiency of the electric motor when operating.
The U.S. Patent Office issued him a patent No. 3,809,978. Although
he approached many concerns for marketing, no one really seemed to
be interested. And, his unique system is still not on the market.
In the 1970's, an inventor used an Ev-Gray generator, which
intensified battery current, the voltage being induced to the field
coils by a very simple programmer (sequencer). By allowing the motor
to charge separate batteries as the device ran, phenomenally tiny
currents were needed.
The device was tested at the Crosby Research Institute of Beverly
Hills, Ca., a 10-horsepower EMA motor ran for over a week (9 days)
on four standard automobile batteries. The inventors estimated that
a 50-horsepower electric motor could traverse 300 miles at 50 m.p.h.
before needing a re-charge.
Dr. Keith E. Kenyon, the inventor from Van Nuys, California
discovered a discrepancy in the normal and long accepted laws
relating to electric motor magnets. Dr. Kenyon demonstrated his
invention for many scientists and engineers in 1976 but their
reaction was astounding. Although admitting Dr. Kenyon's device
worked, they saw little or no practical application for it.
The ultimate source for a successful electrically powered automobile
would be to have an electric motor that required no outside source
of power. Sounds impossible because it violates all current
scientific thought. Nevertheless, it has been invented and H.R.
Johnson has been issued a patent No. 4,151,431 on April 24, 1979 on
such a device.
This new design although originally suggested by Tesla in 1905, is a
permanent magnet motor. Mr. Johnson has arranged a series of
permanent magnets on the rotor and a corresponding series - with
different spacing -on the stator. One simply has to move the stator
into position and rotation of the rotor begins immediately.
Johnson's patent states:
"The invention is directed to the
method of utilizing the unpaired electron spins in ferro-magnetic
and other materials as a source of magnetic fields for producing
power without any electron flow as occurs in normal conductors
and to permanent magnet motors for utilization of this method to
produce a power source."
In the practice of this invention, the
unpaired electron spins occurring within permanent magnets are used
to produce a motive power source solely through the super-conducting
characteristics of a permanent magnet and the magnetic flux created
by the magnets are controlled and concentrated to orient the
magnetic forces generated in such a manner to do useful continuous
work such as the displacement of a rotor with respect to a stator.
The timing and orientation of special magnetic forces at the rotor
and stator components produced by permanent magnets to produce a
motor is accomplished with the proper geometrical relationship of
these components. Engineers of Hitachi Magnetics Corp. of California
have stated that a motor run solely by magnets is feasible and
logical but the politics of the matter make it impossible for them
to pursue developing a magnet motor or any device that would compete
with the energy cartels.
In fact, it appears that such devices have been deliberately
suppressed over the years to prevent any competition from machines
that can generate power without a fuel source.
This would put big
oil and other energy cartels out of business.
The Real Reason For Tesla's Interest in
According to Tesla's private journals, anomalous voice transmissions
heard over his special radio receivers, discussed the warming of the
planet caused by natural and manmade sources of atmospheric
Tesla was also left with the impression that the unknown
voices favored this outcome and may have actually "hurried" the
process along by encouraging the development of the internal
Tesla may have been the first human to learn about what is referred
to today as "Global Warming" and the "Greenhouse Effect." Tesla,
convinced that the voices he was receiving were from a hostile
extraterrestrial source, began a concerted effort to develop a means
of power that did not use the burning of wood or fossil fuels. An
energy source that was clean and unlimited and would prevent
pollutants, at least manmade, from filling the atmosphere and
causing the retention of heat from the sun.
Tesla was the first to become aware of one of the most controversial
subjects in conspiratorial circles today -
Alternative Three and the
destruction of earth!
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