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Nikola Tesla (10 July 1856 - 7 January 1943) was an inventor and a mechanical and electrical engineer.
Tesla was born in the village of Smiljan near the town of Gospic, in Croatia (then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire). He was an ethnic Serb subject of the Austrian Empire and later became an American citizen. Tesla is often described as the most important scientist and inventor of the modern age, a man who "shed light over the face of Earth".
He is best known for many revolutionary contributions in the field of electricity and magnetism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Tesla's patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current electric power (AC) systems, including the polyphase power distribution systems and the AC motor, with which he helped usher in the Second Industrial Revolution.
Contemporary biographers of Tesla have regarded him as "The Father
of Physics", "The man who invented the twentieth century" and "the
patron saint of modern electricity."
Much of his early work pioneered modern electrical engineering and many of his discoveries were of groundbreaking importance.
During this period, in the United States, Tesla's fame rivaled that of any other inventor or scientist in history or popular culture, but due to his eccentric personality and his seemingly unbelievable and sometimes bizarre claims about possible scientific and technological developments, Tesla was ultimately ostracized and regarded as a mad scientist.
Never having put
much focus on his finances, Tesla died impoverished at the age of
his achievements have been used, with some controversy, to support
various pseudosciences, UFO theories, and early New Age occultism