extracted from "The Fantastic Inventions of Nikola Tesla"

from Scribd Website


Tesla's Death Ray was instantly a controversial and popular topic.


In his later years, after the Wardencliff Tower project had been stopped by J.P. Morgan and dismantled under FBI supervision, Tesla made little money from his projects and in many cases did not even bother to seek patents.


He was more interested in publicity and became a favorite with newspaper reporters for his flamboyant demonstrations, controversial predictions and incredible new inventions.

On July 11, 1934, the New York Times ran a story which was headlined:


Invention Powerful Enough to Destroy 10,000 Planes 250 Miles Away, He Asserts.
Scientist, in Interview, Tells of Apparatus That He Says Will Kill Without Trace.

Tesla's death ray device was a kind of radio-wave-scalar weapon or what might be called an ultra-sound gun. Tesla and death ray made quite a media splash at the time. In the 1930's several Death Ray weapon films came out, including The Death Ray (1938) with Boris Karloff, and such serials as Flash Gordon and Radar Men From the Moon.

In fact, the very first of the Max Fletcher Superman cartoons of the 1940's featured Tesla in The Mad Scientist (Sept 1941) in which a crazed, eccentric scientist, obviously patterned after Tesla, battles Superman while he terrorizes New York with his "electrothenasia death ray." In the next cartoon, The Mechanical Monsters (Nov. 1941) Superman again battles Tesla, the mad scientist who this time unleashes an army of robots on Manhattan.


Superman battle Tesla and his Death Ray one last time in Magnetic Telescope (April 1942), where Tesla is using a special magnetogravitic ray that pulls asteroids out of orbit and sends them crashing to earth. With Japateurs in September of 1942, the Superman cartoons turned toward War themes, featuring Japanese spies and to a lesser part, Nazi agents.

It is interesting to think of Tesla as the model for all the "mad scientists" of comic book and cinematic fiction.

In the Spring of 1924 "death rays," were the subject of many newspapers around the world. Harry Grindell-Matthews of London lead the contenders in this early Star Wars race.


The New York Times of May 21st had this report-Paris, May 20,

If confidence of Grindell Madiew (sic), inventor of the so-called 'diabolical ray,' in his discovery is justified it may become possible to put the whole of an enemy army out of action, destroy any force of airplanes attacking a city or paralyze any fleet venturing within a certain distance of the coast by invisible rays.

Grindell-Matthews stated mat his destructive rays would operate over a distance of four miles and that the maximum distance for this type of weapon would be seven or eight miles.


Tests have been reported where the ray has been used to stop the operation of automobiles by arresting the action of the magnetos, and an quantity of gunpowder is said to have been exploded by playing the beams on it from a distance of thirty six feet" Grindell-Matthews was able, also, to electrocute mice, shrivel plants, and light the wick of an oil lamp from the same distance away.

Sensing something of importance the New York Times copyrighted a story on May 28th of 1924 on a ray-weapon developed by the Soviets.


The story opened:

"News has leaked out from the Communist circles in Moscow that behind Trotsky's recent war-like utterance lies an electromagnetic invention, by a Russian engineer named Grammachikoff for destroying airplanes.

Tests of the destructive ray, the Times continued, had began the previous August with the aid of German technical experts.

A large, scale demonstration at Podosinsky Aerodrome near Moscow was so successful that the revolutionary Military Council and the Political Bureau decided to fund enough electronic anti-aircraft stations to protect sensitive areas of Russia. Similar, but more powerful, stations were to be constructed to disable the electrical mechanisms of warships.

The Commander of the Soviet Air Services, Rosenholtz, was so overwhelmed by the ray weapon demonstration that he proposed "to curtail the activity of the air fleet, because the invention rendered a large air fleet unnecessary for the purpose of defense."

Tesla appears to have been the renegade scientist, eccentric and brilliant.


However, after his finances had been destroyed by Morgan, and indirectly by Westinghouse, Tesla was constantly broke. In lieu of money on rent, in the early 1930's, Tesla gave the management of the Governor Clinton Hotel a supposed invention of his to be used for collateral. He said that the device was very dangerous and worth $10,000.


In 1943, an MIT scientist, working for the National Defense Research Committee (NDRC) and accompanied by the office of Naval Intelligence, John O. Trump, went to the hotel to retrieve the device, after Tesla's death.

He was told that the invention could "detonate if opened by an unauthorized person."


Trump stated that he reflected momentarily upon his life before he opened the container. In his FBI report he stated,

"Inside was a handsome wooden chest bound with brass... [containing] a multidecade resistance box of the type used for a Wheatstone bridge resistance measurements—a common standard item found in every electric laboratory before the turn of the century!"

According to Tesla researcher Dr. Marc Seifer, Tesla appears to have told both his pigeon caretaker and an army engineer named Fitzgerald, a friend of Tesla's, that he had built a working model of a Death Ray.


Dr. Seifer says that a number of people closely associated with Tesla would recount stories, circa 1918, of Tesla bouncing electronic beams off the moon. Seifer says that this is not a Death Ray, but it certainly supports the hypothesis that the inventor created working models along those lines.

According to Dr. Seifer, Tesla drew up "artist conceptions" in the mid-1930s that were "made of a building with a tower in the form of a cylinder 16.5 feet in diameter, 115 feet tall.


The structure was capped at the top by a 10 meter diameter sphere (covered with hemispheric shells as in the 1914 patent).

"The inventor had also contacted people at Alcoa Aluminum throughout 1935 who were "ready to start as soon as Tesla advanced the funds."

Two years later, at the 81, the inventor stated at a luncheon attended by ministers of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia that he had constructed a number of beam transmission devices including the death ray for protecting a country from incoming invasions and a laser-like machine that could send impulses to the moon and other planets.

According to Dr. Seifer, Tesla also said that he was going to take the death ray to a Geneva conference for world peace:

When pressed by the columnists to "give a full description...," Dr. Tesla said..., "But it is not an experiment... I have built, demonstrated and used it. Only a little time will pass before I can give it to the world."

Another Tesla scholar who believes that Tesla built a "death ray" is Oliver Nichelson, who has written quite a bit on Tesla, including an article entitled "Nikola Tesla's Long Range Weapon" (1989).

Picking up the death ray stories on the wire services on the other side of the world, the Colorado Springs Gazette, ran a local interest item on May 30th. With the headline:

"Tesla Discovered 'Death Ray' in Experiments He Made Here," the story recounted, with a feeling of local pride, the inventor's 1899 researches financed by John Jacob Astor.

Tesla's Colorado Springs tests were well remembered by local residents. With a 200 foot pole topped by a large copper sphere rising above his laboratory he generated potentials that discharged lightning bolts up to 135 feet long.


Thunder from the released energy could be heard 15 miles away in Cripple Creek People walking along the streets were amazed to see sparks jumping between their feet and the ground, and flames of electricity would spring from a tap when anyone turned them on for a drink of water. Light bulbs within 100 feet of the experimental tower glowed when they were turned off. Horses at the livery stable received shocks through their metal shoes and bolted from the stalls.


Even insects were affected:

Butterflies became electrified and "helplessly swirled in circles—their wings spouting blue halos of 'St. Elmo's Fire.'"

The most pronounced effect, and the one that captured the attention o death ray inventors, occurred at the Colorado Springs Electric Company generating station. One day while Tesla was conducting a high power test, the crackling from inside the laboratory suddenly stopped. Bursting into the lab Tesla demanded to know why his assistant had disconnected the coil.


The assistant protested that had not anything. The power from the city's generator, the assistant said, must have quit When the angry Tesla telephoned the power company he received an equally angry reply that the electric company had not cut the power, but that Tesla's experiment had destroyed the generator!

According to Oliver Nichelson, Tesla explained to The Electrical Experimenter, in August of 19l7 what had happened. While running his transmitter at a power level of "several hundred kilowatts" high frequency currents were set up in the electric company's generators.

These powerful currents "caused heavy sparks to jump thru the winds and destroy the insulation."

When the insulation failed, the generator shorted out and was destroyed.

Some years later, 1935, he elaborated on the destructive potential of his transmitter in the February issue of Liberty magazine:

"My invention requires a large plant, but once it is established it will be possible to destroy anything, men or machines, approaching within a radius of 200 miles."

He went on to make a distinction between his invention and those brought forward by others. He claimed that his device did not use any so-called "death rays" because such radiation cannot be produced in large amounts and rapidly becomes weaker over distance.


Here, he likely had in mind a Grindell-Matthews type of device which, according to contemporary reports, used a powerful ultraviolet beam to make the air conducting so that high energy current could be directed to the target The range of an ultra-violet searchlight would be much less than what Tesla was claiming.


As he put it:

"all the energy of New York City (approximately two million horsepower - 1.5 billion watts) transformed into rays and projected twenty miles, would not kill a human being."

On the contrary, he said:

"My apparatus projects particles which may be relatively large or of microscopic dimensions, enabling us to convey to a small area at a great distance trillions of times more energy than is possible with rays of any kind. Many thousands of horsepower can be thus transmitted by a stream thinner than a hair, so that nothing can resist."

According to Oliver Nichelson, what Tesla had in mind with this defensive system was a large scale version of his Colorado Springs lightning bolt machine.


As airplanes or ships entered the electric field of his charged tower, they would set up a conducting path for a stream of high energy particles that would destroy the intruder's electrical system.

A drawback to having giant Tesla transmitters poised to shoot bolts of lightning at an enemy approaching the coasts is that they would have to be located in an uninhabited area equal to its circle of protection. Anyone stepping into the defensive zone of the coils would be sensed as an intruder and struck down. Today, with the development of oil drilling platforms, this disadvantage might be overcome by locating the lightning defensive system at sea.

As ominous as death ray and beam weapon technology will be for the future there is another, more destructive, weapon system alluded to in Tesla's writings.


According to Oliver Nichelson, when Tesla realized, as he pointed out in the 1900 Century article, "The Problem of Increasing Human Energy," that economic forces would not allow the development of a new type of electrical generator able to supply power without burning fuel he,

"was led to recognize [that] the transmission of electrical energy to any distance through the media as by far the best solution of the great problem of harnessing the sun's energy for the use of man.''

His idea was that a relatively few generating plants located near waterfalls would supply his very high energy transmitters which, in turn, would send power through the earth to be picked up wherever it was needed.


The plan would require several of his transmitters to rhythmically pump huge amounts of electricity into the earth at pressures on the order of 100 million volts. The earth would become like a huge ball inflated to a great electrical potential, but pulsing to Tesla's imposed beat.

Receiving energy from this high pressure reservoir only would require a person to put a rod into the ground and connect it to a receiver operating in unison with the earth's electrical motion.


As Tesla described it,

"the entire apparatus for lighting the average country dwelling will contain no moving parts whatever, and could be readily carried about in a small valise."

However, the difference between a current that can be used to run, say, a sewing machine and a current used as a method of destruction, however, is a matter of timing. If the amount of electricity used to run a sewing machine for an hour is released in a millionth of a second, it would have a very different, and negative, effect on the sewing machine.

Tesla said his transmitter could produce 100 million volts of pressure with currents up to 1000 amperes which is a power level of 100 billion watts.


If it was resonating at a radio frequency of 2 MHz, then the energy released during one period of its oscillation would be 100,000,000,000,000,000 (1016) Joules of energy, or roughly the amount of energy released by the explosion of 10 megatons of TNT.

Such a transmitter, would be capable of projecting the energy of a nuclear warhead by radio.


Any location in the world could be vaporized at the speed of light

Not unexpectedly, many scientists doubted the technical feasibility of Tesla's wireless power transmission scheme whether for commercial or military purposes. The secret of how through-the-earth broadcast power was found not in the theories of electrical engineering, but in the realm of high energy physics.

Dr. Andrija Puharich, in 1976, was the first to point out that Tesla's power transmission system could not be explained by the laws of classical electrodynamics, but, rather, in terms of relativistic transformations in high energy fields. He noted that according to Dirac's theory of the electron, when one of those particles encountered its oppositely charged member, a positron, the two particles would annihilate each other.


Because energy can neither be destroyed nor created the energy of the two former particles are transformed into an electromagnetic wave.


The opposite, of course, holds true. If there is a strong enough electric field, two opposite charges of electricity are formed where there was originally no charge at all. This type of transformation usually takes place near the intense field near an atomic nucleus, but it can also manifest without the aid of a nuclear catalyst if an electric field has enough energy.


Puharich's involved mathematical treatment demonstrated that power levels in a Tesla transmitter were strong enough to cause such pair production.

The mechanism of pair production offers a very attractive explanation for the ground transmission of power. Ordinary electrical currents do not travel far through the earth. Dirt has a high resistance to electricity and quickly turns currents into heat energy that is wasted.


With the pair production method electricity can be moved from one point to another without really having to push the physical particle through the earth -the transmitting source would create a strong field, and a particle would be created at the receiver.

If the sending of currents through the earth is possible from the viewpoint of modern physics, the question remains of whether Tesla actually demonstrated the weapons application of his power transmitter or whether it remained an unrealized plan on the part of the inventor. Circumstantial evidence points to there having been a test of this weapon.

The clues are found in the chronology of Tesla's work and financial fortunes between 1900 and 1915.

  • 1900: Tesla returned from Colorado Springs after a series of important tests of wireless power transmission. It was during these tests that his magnifying transmitter sent out waves of energy causing the destruction of the power company's generator.

    He received financial backing from J. Pierpont Morgan of $150,000 to build a radio transmitter for signaling Europe. With the first portion of the money he obtained 200 acres of land at Shoreham, Long Island and built an enormous tower 187 feet tall topped with a 55 ton, 68 foot metal dome. He called the research site "Wardenclyffe."

    As Tesla was just getting started, investors were rushing to buy stock offered by the Marconi company. Supporters of the Marconi Company include his old adversary Edison.

    On December 12th, Marconi sent the first transatlantic signal, the letter "S" from Cornwall, England to Newfoundland. He did this with, as the financiers noted, equipment much less costly than that envisioned by Tesla.

  • 1902: Marconi is being hailed as a hero around the world while Tesla is seen as a shirker by the public for ignoring a call to jury duty in a murder case (he was excused from duty because of his opposition to the death penalty).

  • 1903: When Morgan sent the balance of the $150,000, it would not cover the outstanding balance Tesla owed on the Wardenclyffe construction. To encourage a larger investment in the face of Marconi's success, Tesla revealed to Morgan his real purpose was not to just send radio signals but the wireless transmission of power to any point on the planet. Morgan was uninterested and declined further funding.

    A financial panic that Fall put an end to Tesla's hopes of financing by Morgan or other wealthy industrialists. This left Tesla without money even to buy the coal to fire the transmitter's electrical generators.

  • 1904: Tesla writes for the Electrical World, "The Transmission of Electrical Energy Without Wires,'' noting that the globe, even with its great size, responds to electrical currents like a small metal ball.

    Tesla declares to the press the completion of Wardenclyffe.

  • 1904: The Colorado Springs power company sues for electricity used at that experimental station. Tesla's Colorado laboratory is torn down and is sold for lumber to pay the $180 judgment; his electrical equipment is put in storage.

  • 1905: Electrotherapeutic coils are manufactured at Wardenclyffe, for hospitals and researchers to help pay bills.

    Tesla is sued by his lawyer for nonpayment of a loan. In an article, Tesla comments on Peary's expedition to the North Pole and tells of his, Tesla's, plans for energy transmission to any central point on the ground.

    Tesla is sued by C.J. Duffner, a caretaker at the experimental station in Colorado Springs, for wages.

  • 1906: "Left Property Here; Skips; Sheriffs Sale," was the headline in the Colorado Springs Gazette for March 6di. Tesla's electrical equipment is sold to pay judgment of $928.57.

    George Westinghouse, who bought Tesla's patents for alternating current motors and generators in the 1880's, turns down the inventor's power transmission proposal.

    Workers gradually stop coming to the Wardenclyffe laboratory when there are no funds to pay them.

  • 1907: When commenting on the destruction of the French ship Iena, Tesla noted in a letter to the New York Times that he has built and tested remotely controlled torpedoes, but that electrical waves would be more destructive.


    • "As to projecting wave energy to any particular region of the globe... this can be done by my devices," he wrote. Further, he claimed that "the spot at which the desired effect is to be produced can be calculated very closely, assuming the accepted terrestrial measurements to be correct."

  • 1908: Tesla repeated the idea of destruction by electrical waves to the newspaper on April 21st His letter to the editor stated,


    • "When I spoke of future warfare I meant that it should be conducted by direct application of electrical waves without the use of aerial engines or other implements of destruction." He added: "This is not a dream. Even now wireless power plants could be constructed by which any region of the globe might be rendered uninhabitable without subjecting the population of other parts to serious danger or inconvenience."

  • 1915: Again, in another letter to the editor, Tesla stated:


    • "It is perfectly practical to transmit electrical energy without wires and produce destructive effects at a distance. I have already constructed a wireless transmitter which makes this possible... When unavoidable, the [transmitter] may be used to destroy property and life."

Important to this chronology is the state of Tesla's mental health.


One researcher, Marc J. Seifer, a psychologist, believes Tesla suffered a nervous breakdown catalyzed by the death of one the partners in the Tesla Electric Company and the shooting of Stanford White, the noted architect, who had designed Wardenclyffe.


Seifer places this in 1906 and cites as evidence a letter from George Scherff, Tesla's secretary:




Dear Mr. Tesla:
I have received your letter and am very glad to know you are vanquishing your illness. I have scarcely ever seen you so out of sorts as last Sunday; and I was frightened.

In the period from 1900 to 1910 Tesla's creative thrust was to establish his Plan for wireless transmission of energy.


Undercut by Marconi's accomplishment, beset by financial problems, and spurned by the scientific establishment Tesla was in a desperate situation by mid-decade. The strain became too great by 1906 and he suffered an emotional collapse. In order to make a final effort to have his grand scheme recognized, he may have tried one high power test of his transmitter to show off its destructive potential.


This would have been in 1908.

The Tunguska event took place on the morning of June 30th, 1908. An explosion estimated to be equivalent to 10-15 megatons of TNT flattened 500,000 acres of pine forest near the Stony Tunguska River in central Siberia. Whole herds of reindeer were destroyed.


The explosion was heard over a radius of 620 miles. When an expedition was made to the area in 1927 to find evidence of the meteorite presumed to have caused the blast, no impact crater was found When the ground was drilled for pieces of nickel, iron, or stone, the main constituents of meteorites, none were found down to a depth of 118 feet.

Many explanations have been given for the Tunguska event. The officially accepted version is that a 100,000 ton fragment of Encke's Comet, composed mainly of dust and ice, entered the atmosphere at 62,000 m.p.h., heated up, and exploded over the earth's surface creating a fireball and shock wave but no crater.


Alternative versions of the disaster see a renegade mini-black hole or an alien space ship crashing into the earth with the resulting release of energy.

According to Oliver Nichelson, the historical facts point to the possibility that this event was caused by a test firing of Tesla's energy weapon.

  • In 1907 and 1908, Tesla wrote about the destructive effects of his energy transmitter. His Wardenclyffe transmitter was much larger than the Colorado Springs device that destroyed the power station's generator. His new transmitter would be capable of effects many orders of magnitude greater than the Colorado device.

  • In 1915, he said he had already built a transmitter that "when unavoidable ... may be used to destroy property and life."


  • Finally, a 1934 letter from Tesla to J.P. Morgan, uncovered by Tesla biographer Margaret Cheney, seems to conclusively point to an energy weapon test In an effort to raise money for his defensive system he wrote:

    • The flying machine has completely demoralized the world, so much so that in some cities, as London and Paris, people are in mortal fear from aerial bombing. The new means I have perfected affords absolute protection against this and other forms of attack... These new discoveries I have carried out experimentally on a limited scale, created a profound impression.

Again, the evidence is circumstantial but, to use the language of criminal investigation, Tesla had motive and means to be the cause of the Tunguska event.


He also seems to confess to such a test having taken place before 1915. His transmitter could generate energy levels and frequencies that would release the destructive force of 10 megatons, or more, of TNT. And the overlooked genius was desperate.

The nature of the Tunguska event, also, is not inconsistent with what would happen during the sudden release of wireless power.


No fiery object was reported in the skies at that time by professional or amateur astronomers as would be expected when a 200,000,000 pound object enters the atmosphere. The sky glow in the region, mentioned by some witnesses, just before the explosion may have come from the ground, as geological researchers discovered in the 1970's. Just before an earthquake the stressed rock beneath the ground creates an electrical effect causing the air to illuminate.

According to Oliver Nichelson, if the explosion was caused by wireless energy transmission, either the geological stressing or the current itself would cause an air glow. Finally, there is the absence of an impact crater. Because there is no material object to impact, an explosion caused by broadcast power would not leave a crater.

Given Tesla's general pacifistic nature it is hard to understand why he would carry out a test harmful to both animals and the people who herded the animals even when he was in the grip of financial desperation. The answer is that he probably intended no harm, but was aiming for a publicity coup and, literally, missed his target.

At the end of 1908, the whole world was following the daring attempt of Peary to reach the North Pole.


Peary claimed the Pole in the Spring of 1909, but the winter before he had returned to the base at Ellesmere Island, about 700 miles from the Pole. If Tesla wanted the attention of the international press, few things would have been more impressive than the Peary expedition sending out Word of a cataclysmic explosion on the ice in the direction of the North Pole.


Tesla, then, if he could not be hailed as the master creator that he was, could be seen as the master of a mysterious new force of destruction.

The test, it seems, was not a complete success, says Nichelson. It must have been difficult controlling the vast amount of power in transmitter and guiding to the exact spot Tesla wanted. Alert, Canada on Ellesmere Island and the Tunguska region are all on the same great circle line from Shoreham, Long Island. Both are on a compass bearing of a little more than 2 degrees along a Polar path.


The destructive electrical wave overshot its target.

Whoever was privy to Tesla's energy weapon demonstration must have been dismayed either because it missed the intended target and would be a threat to inhabited regions of the planet, or because it worked too well in devastating such, a large area at the mere throwing of a switch thousands of miles away.


Whichever was the case, Tesla never received the notoriety he sought for his power transmitter.

In 1915, the Wardenclyffe laboratory was deeded over to Waldorf-Astoria. Inc. in lieu of payment for Tesla's hotel bills. In 1917, Wardenclyffe was dynamited on orders of the new owners to recover some money from the scrap.

Oliver Nichelson's exotic theory may be pure fantasy, or perhaps, Nikola Tesla did shake the world in a way that has been kept secret for over 80 years

Today, Stars Wars threatens to control the entire population of this planet from earth orbit Tesla's death ray inventions can be utilized in a variety of ways-as scalar wave howitzers, world radar, earthquake contrivances, brain wave manipulation, particle beam weapons, wave-train impulses, hand-held phasers and an infinite variety of more devices.

On the good side of this technology, there is free energy and the use of Tesla Shields, the forming of an energy shell around a city, community or installation that is impenetrable.


Blasts from a Tesla Howitzer could destroy the communications network of any major city with a well placed jolt of many millions volts, and air strikes can be called in from space.


The military applications for many of Tesla's inventions are myriad, and so the need for a cover-up of Tesla and his inventions would behoove the military industrial complex.

Above & Below:

Tesla's Death Ray popularized in a drawing from "Diabolical Rays" in the November, 1915 issue of Popular Radio Magazine.

The fear of these "diabolical death rays," was one of the reasons given for the dismantling of Tesla’s Wardencliff Tower.



The New York Times article on Tesla's Death Ray of July 11, 1934.



Two illustrations from an article in the March, 1920 issue of Electrical Experimenter entitled Wireless Transmission of Power Now Possible. The illustrations show his prototype devices for "directed ionized beam transmissions," a "deathray—searchlight" device. Curiously, powerful searchlight-beams have frequently been reported as part of unidentified discoid and cigar-shaped craft since the late 1800s.



The New York Times for Sunday, July 11, 1937 calling Tesla a "Dinosaur." Tesla, a man living far ahead of his time, rather than behind the times, speaks of sending messages to Mars on his 81st birthday. Marconi and his scientists were already preparing to journey to Mars with their electro-gravitic spacecraft.


A recent article on Tesla's advanced science by Oliver Nicholson in the January, 1990 issue of FATE magazine.


This electrostatic atom-smasher was built at the Carnegie Institution in Washington D.C., and used between 1920 and 1940. The cross-section shows a spherical conductor, its insulating supports, and tube in which particles are accelerated. The charging belt is shown cut-off near the top and bottom.


This structure was also the talk of "death-rays."


The Van de Graaf electrostatic generator of the Carnegie Institution in Washington D.C. in action. Note the man-sized door at the bottom of the building. This gives a good idea how Tesla's Wardenclyffe tower might have appeared when operational.


The amazing Wardenclyffe Tower of Long Island in full action as Tesla envisioned it. The tower is broadcasting power to anti-gravity airships and electric airplanes that hover around it. Note the powerful searchlight-beams on the airships. These were a combination of searchlight and death-ray, as commonly spoken of by Tesla.








by Richard L. Clark

Nikola Tesla engineered his communications and power broadcast systems based on the Earth as a spherical capacitor plate with the ionosphere as the other plate. The frequencies that work best with this system are 12 Hz and its harmonics and the "storm" frequency around 500 KHz. The basic Earth electrostatic system and the basic Tesla designs are shown in the figure below.


All lengths or circuits must be one-quarter wavelength or some odd multiple of it.

The elevated capacitor has really two functions:

  • Capacity to Ground (Cg)

  • Capacity to Ionosphere (Ci)

The bottom plate only to ground is Cg, and both plates are Ci. L2 and C3 are a resonant step-down air core coupling system at the desired frequency. Simple calculations will allow resonant frequency values to be determined from the Tesla Equivalent Circuit diagram.


Be extremely careful of the high voltages in this system.


Bearden's Scalar Wave weapons in action. Tomorrow’s science fiction weaponry was yesterday's reality. Yet science has apparently not moved forward with this technology for eighty years - or has it?


Col. Tom Bearden's idea of how a "Tesla Howizter" system using current scalar wave technology might work. Compare to Tesla's 1920 illustration for his "directed ionized beam transmissions."







Was Edison adversary father of 'Star Wars'?
by James Coates
Chicago Tribune


— Giants have trod the ground here. Zebujon Pike, legendary explorer of the unknown West, gave his name to the majestic white-capped peak just outside of town.


President Dwight Eisenhower came here to carve America's ultimate nuclear war command center, the awesome North American Aerospace Defense Command [NORAD] bunker, into the granite underneath Pike's Peak's neighboring summit, Cheyenne Mountain. Most impressive of all, the man who invented radio and who discovered the way that the world transmits its electrical power did much of his creative work here.


But, wait. Weren't we taught that radio was invented by an Italian named Guglielmo Marconi? And that the legendary Thomas Alva Edison devised today's electrical power system in his New Jersey laboratories?

"We were taught wrong," said Toby Grotz, president of the International Tesla Society based here in honor of a little-known flamboyant genius named Nikola Tesla.

Two years before Marconi demonstrated his wireless radio transmission, Tesla, a naturalized Yugoslavian immigrant, performed an identical feat at the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago. On June 21, 1943, in the case of Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co. vs. the United States the Supreme Court ruled that that Tesla's radio patents had predated those of the Italian genius.


To be sure, Edison invented the incandescent light bulb. But he powered it and all of his other projects with inefficient direct current [DC] electricity. It was Tesla who discovered how to use the far more powerful phased form of alternating current [AC] electricity that is virtually the universal type of electricity employed by modern civilization.


And now, there are indications that Tesla also discovered many of the devices which the United States military-industrial complex is seeking to develop and build for the Pentagon's controversial Star Wars antimissile defense system.


Grotz and other Tesla experts speculate that recent puzzling reports of immense clouds forming within minutes over Soviet arctic territory are indications that the Soviet Union is testing devices for transmitting energy over large distances developed nearly a century ago by Tesla.

Nikola Tesla

Is his research helping the Soviet Union build the ultimate weapon?

Of particular interest to Tesla researchers, said Grotz, is a widely reported April 9, 1984, event in which at least four airline pilots reported seeing an eruption near Japan that appeared to be a nuclear explosion cloud that billowed to a height of 60,000 feet and a width of 200 miles within just two minutes and enveloped their aircraft.


In late July the Cox News Service reported that all four of these planes had been examined by the U.S. Air Force at Anchorage, Alaska, and were found to be free of radiation despite the fact they had flown through the mysterious cloud in question. Grotz said that such clouds could form if someone were attempting to implement Tesla's plans for broadcasting energy by "creating resonances inside the earth's ionospheric cavity" calculated in Colorado Springs during 1899 experiments by the electrical genius.


Each year about 400 members of the Tesla Society, sanctioned by the prestigious International Institute of Electric Engineering [IIEE], meet here where the wizard of electricity carried out his most startling lightning-crackling 'experiments to discuss one of the strangest stories in the annals of American science.


It is a story of tormented genius. It also is the story of a little-known but intensely bitter feud that pitted Edison and the fabulously wealthy financier J.P. Morgan on one side and Tesla and his ally, the equally powerful George Westinghouse on the other.


And, finally, it is a spy story. Many in the Tesla Society are convinced that foolish U.S. bureaucrats shipped the secrets needed to build Star Wars that Tesla discovered to communist-controlled Yugoslavia shortly after World War II, thereby allowing the Soviets an enormous head start in the quest for a particle beam weapon that is deemed essential to building any missile shield.

In an interview between sessions at this Augusts' Tesla symposium, Grotz explained that Tesla was drawn to Colorado Springs because he needed both the dry climate and the furiously powerful lightning storms that so often come tumbling down the sides of Pikes Peak and Cheyenne Mountain.

"Tesla dreamed of supplying limitless amounts of power freely and equally available to all persons on Earth," said Grotz.

And he was convinced he could do so by broadcasting electrical power across large distances just as radio transmits far smaller amounts of energy, explained Grotz.

The same energy beams, of course, could be directed at the speed of light to destroy enemy planes and missiles as well as to supply electricity, he noted.

Such investigations take one into the realm of the most complicated question facing science today, the so-called Unified Field Theory that Albert Einstein himself confessed was beyond his abilities, acknowledged Grotz, an engineer for this Martin Marietta Aerospace company in Denver. Tesla believed that he could broadcast power by producing vibrations in the atmosphere that were perfectly in phase with the natural vibrations that exist in thunderstorms, said Grotz.

Then, anyone with a receiver could simply tap into broadcasts and acquire electricity just as they receive radio or TV broadcasts.

On a hilltop just where the prairies sweep up to the foot of the Rockies, Tesla erected a gigantic version of what is known as the Tesla Coil, a device that produces dramatic arcs of electricity by rapidly changing its resistance. Nearly every natural history museum and high school physics lab in the world sports a Tesla Coil capable of making delighted students' hair stand on end or of arcing dramatic sparks from the fingertips of someone who, standing firmly on a rubber mat, holds the other hand over the coil's top.

At the corner of Foote and Kowia streets in Colorado Springs, Tesla erected a coil 122 feet high. Tapping into the entire city electric system, the electrical genius sent millions of volts of current into the structure and bolts of man-made lightning leaped as much as 135 feet into the brooding sky to mingle with other bolts created in nature.

The first time he threw the Switch, the entire city was blacked, tests created artificial clouds around his installation and caused lights to burn as much as 26 miles away, according to news reports of the time.

The Colorado Springs artificial lightning bolts created during the single year that Tesla lived here, 1899-1900, have never been duplicated, said Grotz.

The experiments established that lightning storms as they swooped down the Rockies and then rumbled across the plains into Kansas were resonating at a frequency of 7.68 cycles per second.

This natural phenomenon was rediscovered in the 1960s by researcher W.O. Schumann while working for the Navy on ways to broadcast nuclear war orders to submerged submarines, said Grotz.

A paper widely circulated at the Tesla symposium called "Star Wars Now! The Bohm-Aharonov Effect, Scalar Interferometry and Soviet Weaponization" speculates that the mysterious clouds that frightened airline pilots were created when energy was drained from one area and transmitted to another using Tesla principles.

The paper's author, T.E. Beaden, a retired Pentagon war games expert and active consulting engineer to the Defense Department, said the result of such energy transmissions is a "cold explosion" that could be enormously destructive.

Noting that the cloud covered 150 miles, Beaden wrote,

"A single shot of such a weapon could almost instantly freeze every NATO soldier in that area into a block of ice."

Grotz acknowledged that much of the world's mainstream scientific community doubts the claims made by Tesla fans like himself and Beaden.

"But," he added, "Tesla always was rejected by the establishment."

After Tesla began building AC dynamos, motors and other devices with financial backing from Westinghouse, Edison and his General Electric Company waged a campaign to discredit AC by emphasizing its dangers, according "to Tesla biographer Margaret Cheney in her "Tesla, Man Out of Time."

Edison would force dogs and cats to stand on steel plates energized by AC current and then throw a switch, electrocuting them. He called the process "Westinghousing," Cheney wrote. Ultimately Tesla lost out to Edison and other foes, even though his AC power system prevailed.

The visionary died in 1943 in a New York hotel room he shared with several pigeons that he considered his only friends, the biographer said. After the war, Tesla's relatives in Yugoslavia petitioned Washington to receive 17 trunks of papers and laboratory equipment that he had stored in a New York garage.

In 1952 these items were sent to Belgrade where they are housed in a Tesla museum.

But, said Grotz,

"What do you suppose are the chances that everything was first copied by the KGB?"

"In the USA we don't even give him credit for inventing 'the radio' and the Soviet bloc is building Tesla museums," said the engineer. "Why do they respect him so much?"






Our Future Motive Power
by Nikola Tesla
December 1931

Right image and to the right, the arrangement of one of the great terrestrial-heat power plants of the future.


Water is circulated to the bottom of the shaft, returning as steam to drive the turbines, and then returned to liquid form in the condenser, in an unending cycle.

Internal heat of the earth is great and in comparison with the demands which man can make upon it, is practically inexhaustible: since the heated contents of the earth are sex-trillions of tons.


This drawing illustrates the essential parts comprising a boiler at a great depth, a condenser, cooled by river or other water available, on the ground, a turbine coupled to a generator, and a motor-driven high vacuum pump.


The steam or vapor generated in the boiler is conveyed to the turbine and condenser through a insulated central pipe while another smaller pipe, likewise provided with a thermal covering serves to feed the condensate into the boiler by gravity.


All that is necessary to open up unlimited resources of power throughout the world is to find some economic and speedy way of sinking deep shafts.

Tesla's fascinating patent of Jan. 2, 1894 is for a mechanical oscillator with a controlling electromagnetic system.