The Case of Adam's
In whose image was The Adam – the prototype of modern humans, Homo
sapiens – created?
The Bible asserts that the Elohim said:
fashion the Adam in our image and after our likeness”
But if one is to accept a
tentative explanation for enigmatic genes that humans possess,
offered when the deciphering of the human genome was announced in
mid-February, the feat was decided upon by a group of bacteria!
“Humbling” was the prevalent adjective used by the scientific teams
and the media to describe the principal finding – that the human
genome contains not the anticipated 100,000 - 140,000 genes (the
stretches of DNA that direct the production of
amino-acids and proteins) but only some 30,000
± little more than
double the 13,601 genes of a fruit fly and barely fifty percent more
than the roundworm’s 19,098. What a comedown from the pinnacle of
the genomic Tree of Life!
Moreover, there was hardly any uniqueness to the human genes. They
are comparative to not the presumed 95 percent but to almost 99
percent of the chimpanzees, and 70 percent of the mouse. Human
genes, with the same functions, were found to be identical to genes
of other vertebrates, as well as invertebrates, plants, fungi, even
The findings not only confirmed that there was one
source of DNA for all life on Earth, but also enabled the
scientists to trace the evolutionary process – how more complex
organisms evolved, genetically, from simpler ones, adopting at each
stage the genes of a lower life form to create a more complex higher
life form – culminating with Homo sapiens.
The “Head-scratching” Discovery
It was here, in tracing the vertical evolutionary record contained
in the human and the other analyzed genomes, that the scientists ran
into an enigma.
The “head-scratching discovery by the public
consortium,” as Science termed it, was that the human genome
contains 223 genes that do not have the required predecessors on the
genomic evolutionary tree.
How did Man acquire such a bunch of enigmatic genes?
In the evolutionary progression from bacteria to invertebrates (such
as the lineages of yeast, worms, flies or mustard weed – which have
been deciphered) to vertebrates (mice, chimpanzees) and finally
modern humans, these 223 genes are completely missing in the
Therefore, the scientists can explain their
presence in the human genome by a “rather recent” (in evolutionary
time scales) “probable horizontal transfer from bacteria.”
In other words: At a relatively recent time as Evolution goes,
modern humans acquired an extra 223 genes not through gradual
evolution, not vertically on the Tree of Life, but horizontally, as
a sideways insertion of genetic material from bacteria…
An Immense Difference
Now, at first glance it would seem that 223 genes is no big deal. In
fact, while every single gene makes a great difference to every
individual, 223 genes make an immense difference to a species such
The human genome is made up of about three billion
neucleotides (the “letters” A-C-G-T which stand for the
initials of the four nucleic acids that spell out all life on
Earth); of them, just a little more than one percent are grouped
into functioning genes (each gene consists of thousands of
The difference between one individual person and another
amounts to about one “letter” in a thousand in the DNA “alphabet.”
The difference between Man and Chimpanzee is less than one percent
as genes go; and one percent of 30,000 genes is 300.
So, 223 genes is more than two thirds of the difference between me,
you and a chimpanzee!
An analysis of the functions of these genes through the proteins
that they spell out, conducted by the Public Consortium team and
published in the journal Nature, shows that they include not only
proteins involved in important physiological but also psychiatric
functions. Moreover, they are responsible for important neurological
enzymes that stem only from the mitochondrial portion of the DNA –
the so-called “Eve” DNA that humankind inherited only through the
mother-line, all the way back to a single “Eve.”
That finding alone
raises doubt regarding that the "bacterial insertion" explanation.
A Shaky Theory
How sure are the scientists that such important and complex genes,
such an immense human advantage, was obtained by us - “rather
recently” - through the courtesy of infecting bacteria?
“It is a jump that does not follow current evolutionary theories,”
said Steven Scherer, director of mapping of the Human Genome
Sequencing Center, Baylor College of Medicine.
“We did not identify a strongly preferred bacterial source for the
putative horizontally transferred genes,” states the report in
Nature. The Public Consortium team, conducting a detailed search,
found that some 113 genes (out of the 223) “are widespread among
bacteria” – though they are entirely absent even in invertebrates.
An analysis of the proteins which the enigmatic genes express showed
that out of 35 identified, only ten had counterparts in vertebrates
(ranging from cows to rodents to fish); 25 of the 35 were unique to
“It is not clear whether the transfer was from bacteria to human or
from human to bacteria,” Science quoted Robert Waterson, co-director
of Washington University’s Genome Sequencing Center, as saying.
But if Man gave those genes to bacteria, where did Man acquire those
genes to begin with?
The Role of the Anunnaki
Readers of my books must be smiling by now, for they know the
They know that the biblical verses dealing with the fashioning of
The Adam are condensed renderings of much much more detailed
Sumerian and Akkadian texts, found inscribed on clay
tablets, in which the role of the Elohim in Genesis is
performed by the Anunnaki – “Those Who From Heaven
to Earth Came.”
As detailed in my books, beginning with The 12th Planet
(1976) and even more so in Genesis Revisited and The
Cosmic Code, the Anunnaki came to Earth some
450,000 years ago from the planet Nibiru – a
member of our own solar system whose great orbit brings it to our
part of the heavens once every 3,600 years.
They came here in need
of gold, with which to protect their dwindling atmosphere. Exhausted
and in need of help in mining the gold, their chief scientist
Enki suggested that they use their genetic knowledge to
create the needed Primitive Workers.
When the other
leaders of the Anunnaki asked: How can you create a new
"The being that we need
all that we have to do is put our mark on it.”
The time was some
300,000 years ago.
What he had in mind was to upgrade genetically the existing
hominids, who were already on Earth through Evolution,
by adding some of the genes of the more advanced Anunnaki.
That the Anunnaki, who could already travel in space 450,000 years
ago, possessed the genomic science (whose threshold we have now
reached) is clear not only from the actual texts but also from
numerous depictions in which the double-helix of the DNA
is rendered as Entwined Serpents (a symbol still used
for medicine and healing).
When the leaders of the Anunnaki approved the project
(as echoed in the biblical ”Let us fashion the Adam”),
Enki with the help of Ninharsag, the Chief Medical
Officer of the Anunnaki, embarked on a process of
genetic engineering, by adding and combining genes of the
Anunnaki with those of the already-existing hominids.
When, after much trial and error breathtakingly described and
recorded in antiquity, a “perfect model” was attained, Ninharsag
held him up and shouted:
“My hands have made it!”
artist depicted the scene on a cylinder seal. And that, I suggest,
is how we had come to possess the unique extra genes.
It was in the image of the Anunnaki, not of
bacteria, that Adam and Eve were fashioned.
A Matter of Extreme Significance
Unless further scientific research can establish, beyond any doubt,
that the only possible source of the extra genes are indeed
bacteria, and unless it is then also determined that the infection
(“horizontal transfer”) went from bacteria to Man and not from
Man to bacteria, the only other available solution will be that
offered by the Sumerian texts millennia ago.
Until then, the enigmatic 223 alien genes will remain
as an alternative – and as a corroboration by modern science of
the Anunnaki and their genetic feats on Earth.