4,600,000,000 years B.C. (i.e. Before Christ, or the Christian
era) ~ The Earth comes into existence. This is the most commonly
accepted date for the creation of the Earth. The oldest rocks on
Earth, zircon crystals, have been dated to 4,200 million years.
Zecharia Sitchin has proposed a theory about the creation of the
Earth, based on the Sumerian creation epics, including
Elish. In the epics, the planets were referred to as
to them were assigned the names of the gods of the Anunnaki.
In the beginning there existed the Sun (Apsu), encircled by the
planet Tiamat, and the planet Mercury (Mummu). Then, between
Tiamat and Mercury, came into being the planets, Mars (Lahmu)
and Venus (Lahamu). Then there came into being, beyond the
planet Tiamat, the planets, Jupiter (Kishar) and Saturn (Anshar)
along with their ’emissary’ Pluto (Gaga). Last to come into
being were the planets, Uranus (Anu) and Neptune (Ea). These
nine planets, or ’gods,’ moved in a counterclockwise direction
around Apsu, the sun.
From outer space a new planet, Marduk, almost the size of
Jupiter or Saturn, approached, attracted to this solar system by
the gravitational pull of Neptune and Uranus. Moving in a
clockwise direction past Neptune and Uranus, the path of Marduk
took him toward the giants, Saturn and Jupiter. As he passed by
Uranus, portions of Marduk were pulled off to become four
satellites or ’winds.’
Marduk neared Saturn and Jupiter, and their massive
gravitational pulls bent his orbit drastically inward, forcing
his path to be aimed directly at Tiamat. The gravitational pulls
of the two giants caused seven chunks of Marduk to be pulled
from his body; they became satellites to encircle Marduk. As he
moved toward her, one of Tiamat’s own ten satellites, Kingu, was
attracted to Marduk. The movement upset the order of all the
planets in the system. In effect, Tiamat’s satellite, Kingu, had
taken on the aspect of a new planet. Kingu was given a Tablet Of
Destiny, or rather a planetary course, and began its own orbit.
The force of Marduk’s path toward Tiamat, ripped into her,
splitting, but not quite breaking her in two, yet knocking her
satellites, with the exception of Kingu, away from her. The
paths they were thrown into were clockwise, like Marduk’s, and
their paths would become large, elliptical orbits around the
They had been changed into the comets which regularly
revisit this solar system.
The encounter between
Marduk and Tiamat caused his orbit to be
bent even more, resulting in his becoming a planet or ’god’
which was destined to encircle the Sun forever. And because he
now was trapped in an orbit, Marduk’s destiny was to return to
the scene of the collision. He was, therefore to cross over the
site of the collision. And for that reason, Marduk became known
as Nibiru, the planet of crossing.
A second time, after an orbit of one shar (variously sar), a
single Nephilim year (i.e. 3,600 Earth-years), and following the
new course that fate had presented to him, Marduk / Nibiru
approached the solar system. Once more, he passed by the outer
planets of Neptune, Uranus and Pluto. Once more his orbit was
accelerated by the gravitational pulls of the giants, Saturn and
Jupiter. And once more Nibiru’s path was aimed directly at the
ruptured and dying planet of Tiamat.
Nibiru struck Tiamat, and this time the collision tore Tiamat in
two. The one half was smashed to pieces, and became the asteroid
belt that to this day remains in orbit around the Sun between
Mars and Jupiter, where the mighty Tiamat once existed. The
asteroid belt was called the Hammered Bracelet by the Nephilim.
In the Hebrew tradition, this second collision formed the basis
of the creation story, and the hammered bracelet (which was
previously mistranslated as ’firmament’) was named the heaven.
As Nibiru continued on, trampling in its path the one half of
Tiamat, one of his satellites, called the North Wind, struck the
remaining intact half of Tiamat. The force of this secondary
impact thrust the remaining intact half of Tiamat away from her
original orbit, to become repositioned between Venus and Mars.
It was at this point that the remaining half of Tiamat took on
the name of Earth (Ki), as noted in the Hebrew tradition. The
thrust gave the remaining half of Tiamat, or Earth, her axial
spin and therefore her ability to experience the changing days
and nights (which the other planets/gods did not possess). Only
Kingu continued to orbit around Tiamat as a satellite; he would
later be called the Moon.
The destruction of Tiamat, and the corresponding creation of
Earth out of the wreckage resulted in the remaining land masses
of Tiamat being concentrated in one spot as a continent (i.e. Pangea). And the waters of the Earth surrounded the land formed
As a result of the collision of Nibiru into Tiamat, and the
alteration of the order of the planets, the satellite of Neptune
and Uranus, Pluto, was jolted out of its orbit to take on a new
orbit around the Sun as a planet itself. The disruption that
caused Pluto to acquire its own Tablet Of Destiny, set it on an
orbital plane that differed from the other planets.
The creation epic proceeding from the point of the collision of
Marduk / Nibiru with Tiamat, as told by the ancient Sumerians,
corresponds almost exactly with the Hebrew tradition as told in
Genesis; they both corroborate the assumptions made by science.
Beginning with the eruption and flowing of molten rock, which
sent volcanic debris into the formless skies, all three
disciplines detail the creation of an atmosphere as a result of
the accumulation of clouds and mists, which blocked out a
certain amount of the Sun’s heat. That resulted in a cooling of
the molten rock to form the continent(s) and the creation of
water to surround the continent(s) as the ocean(s). From the
lands, waters and atmosphere arose mountains, rivers and the
forces of weather.
The collision of Marduk / Nibiru with
Tiamat / Earth not only
resulted in the creation of new geophysical features on Tiamat /
Earth. It might also have resulted in the creation of life
there. It is possible that the collision resulted in a sharing
of elements between the two planets - elements necessary for
life to occur. And because of that, it is possible that life
evolved similarly on the two planets, although not necessarily
exactly nor concurrently. This would explain why, when the
technologically advanced Nephilim arrived at Earth around the
year 450,000 B.C.E., they found only primitive humanoids.
3,500,000,000 to 600,000,000 ~ The Precambrian Era.
3,420,000,000 to 3,135,000,000 ~ Simple, single celled organisms
make their appearance in the oceans of the Earth.
600,000,000 to 500,000,000 ~ The Paleozoic Era; Cambrian Period.
500,000,000 to 425,000,000 ~ The Paleozoic Era; Ordovician
425,000,000 to 405,000,000 ~ The Paleozoic Era; Silurian Period.
405,000,000 to 345,000,000 ~ The Paleozoic Era; Devonian Period.
345,000,000 to 280,000,000 ~ The Paleozoic Era; Carboniferous
280,000,000 to 220,000,000 ~ The Paleozoic Era; Permian Period.
220,000,000 to 181,000,000 ~ The Mesozoic Era; Triassic Period.
This is the age of the dinosaurs.
200,000,000 ~ The original continent, Pangea, begin to split
into a northern continent, Laurasia, and a southern continent,
181,000,000 to 135,000,000 ~ The Mesozoic Era; Jurassic Period.
Mammals first make their appearance on the Earth during this
time period, but do not flourish due to the dominance of the
135,000,000 to 65,000,000 ~ The Mesozoic Era; Cretaceous Period.
65,000,000 ~ Laurasia, and Gondwana begin to separate into
smaller segments, which eventually will become the present-day
65,000,000 ~ The dinosaurs become extinct throughout the world.
65,000,000 to 54,000,000 ~ The Cenozoic Era; Tertiary Period;
54,000,000 to 36,000,000 ~ The Cenozoic Era; Tertiary Period;
36,000,000 to 25,000,000 ~ The Cenozoic Era; Tertiary Period;
30,000,000 to 25,000,000 ~ First creatures resembling apes
appear on Earth during the Oligocene Era.
25,000,000 to 5,000,000 ~ The Cenozoic Era; Tertiary Period;
14,000,000 ~ Hominids, or manlike apes, begin to appear on
Earth, believed through the process of evolution.
11,000,000 ~ First appearance of apes which can be classified as
Homo on Earth.
5,000,000 to 1,000,000 ~ The Cenozoic Era; Tertiary Period;
3,750,000 to 3,000,000 ~ Australopithecus afarensis inhabit the
Earth. These creatures, while possessing very ape-like heads,
had more human-like bodies. At Laetoli in Tanzania, fossilized
footprints have been found of two adult humanoids and one child,
which reveal that they walked on two legs; the rocks in which
the footprints appear have been dated to 3,750,000 B.C. The
skeleton discovered by Don Johanson and Tom Gray at Hadar in
Ethiopia, Africa, which they named Lucy, was a member of this
group, and dates to 3,000,000 B.C. (3,500,000 according to some
experts). Certain anthropologists date the Australopithecines
earlier than this, suggesting between four to five million years
3,000,000 to 2,000,000 ~ Australopithecus africanus inhabit the
2,800,000 ~ Australopithecus afarensis disappears from the
fossil record by this time.
2,000,000 to 1,750,000 ~ Homo habilis, Australopithecus boisei
and Australopithecus rebustus inhabit the Earth.
2,000,000 to 40,000 ~ Beings which can be classified as Homo
erectus inhabit the Earth. (Some experts date the Homo erectus
as far back as 3,000,000.) They are believed to have evolved
from Homo habilis. Between 1,000,000 and 750,000 years ago,
these beings spread from Africa to Europe and Asia. By 700,000
only Homo erectus inhabited the Earth according to the
1,000,000 to 11,000 ~ The Cenozoic Era; Quaternary Period;
1,000,000 ~ Australopithecus boisei and Australopithecus rebustus disappear from the fossil record by this time.
Homo habilis, the first example of the Homo genus, continues to
800,000 ~ The period known as the Old Stone Age begins.
600,000 to 550,000 ~ First Ice Age.
480,000 to 430,000 ~ Second Ice Age.
450,000 ~ The planet, Nibiru, begins to experience a
deterioration of its atmosphere. But not only the atmosphere was
in disruption; the kingship was undergoing turmoil. It would
eventually lead to the colonization of Earth.
According to Anunnaki tradition, there was
the Beginning. Then
there came the Prior Times. The Prior Times was a period of much
warfare and strife. Finally, a truce was called, and it was
decided that in order to achieve peace, a male leader from the
north should marry a chosen female from the south, and their
firstborn son would become the leader of a united Nibiru.
The first king to be thusly appointed after the peace was
declared was AN. The appointment of AN to the kingship of Nibiru
marked the end of the Prior Times and the beginning of
the Olden Times. The rule of Nibiru, thereafter, fell to individuals who
descended from AN, (i.e. the Celestial One).
AN was followed in
the kingship by AN.KI (i.e. By AN A Solid Foundation), son of AN
and AN.TU (i.e. the Leader Who Is AN’s Spouse).
without an heir, and his reign was followed by that of his
younger brother, AN.IB (i.e. The One In The Middle, Who Is AN’s
By his spouse, NIN.IB (i.e. the Lady Of IB), AN.IB bore a
son, AN.SHAR.GAL (i.e. AN’s Prince Who Is Greatest Of Princes).
AN.SHAR.GAL’s spouse was KI.SHAR.GAL, to whom was born AN.SHAR.
AN.SHAR married KI.SHAR.
AN.SHAR’s successor was his son,
EN.SHAR (i.e. Lordly Master Of The Shar), whose spouse was
They gave birth to DU.URU (i.e. In The Dwelling
Place Fashioned) who chose as his spouse DA.URU (i.e. She Who Is
By My Side).
DA.URU was not of royal lineage, but rather simply
a friend from DU.URU’s childhood. The couple did not bear any
children; instead DA.URU took as a foster son a child she found
at the palace gate.
DA.URU’s breaking of the laws of succession
threw the court into confusion.
Called LAHMA (i.e. Dryness), the
child eventually gained the throne. He took as his spouse LAHAMA.
It was during the reign of AN.SHAR that the volcanoes, which had
for so long sustained the planet’s atmosphere, were not as
active as before. As a result, the protective shield which is
the atmosphere began to tear. The breaching of the fragile
canopy of the atmosphere continued through EN.SHAR’s and
DU.URU’s reigns and on into that of LAHMA. Two suggestions were
LAHMA could not decide which method should be employed to cure
the breaching of the atmosphere of Nibiru. The situation was
growing desperate. And taking advantage of the situation, the
people were roused to rebellion by ALALU, one of the princes
descended from AN.SHAR.GAL through his son ALAM (whose mother
was simply a concubine). ALALU felt the kingship was rightfully
his, by the laws of succession. ALALU broke into the palace, and
the result of a scuffle between the two, LAHMA was pushed out of
the palace tower and fell to his death. ALALU then proclaimed
ANU appeared before a council of the Seven Who Judge, and
declared that he, not ALALU, should be the rightful ruler of Nibiru. He traced his lineage in a more direct line than ALULU,
and therefore made claim to the kingship. ANU descended from
through AN.IB, then through a son by AN.IB’s marriage to the
daughter of EN.URU, the youngest son of AN and AN.TU. EN.URU
took as spouse, his half-sister, NIN.URU, and they gave birth to
EN.AMA. A descendant of EN.AMA was this prince named ANU. The
Seven Who Judge called for ALALU, and he made a proposal to ANU.
He, ALALU, would retain the throne while he lived, but ANU would
retain the succession, and his children would become kings in
ANU accepted the proposal, and thereafter served as the
cupbearer for ALALU. But he was not satisfied with his
circumstances, having to serve ALALU when he felt he should be
king. So after nine shars (i.e. Nibiru years, or complete
circuits around the Sun), ANU rose up against ALALU. They
wrestled and ANU was victorious. ANU was declared king, and as
he was being escorted to the palace, ALALU made his escape. He
stole a spaceship and headed away from Nibiru. His destination
was set for Ki (i.e. Earth). Although he had not intended to do
so, he discovered on Earth the precious metal, gold, which could
be used to repair the breaches in Nibiru’s atmosphere.
445,000 ~ Some 5,000 Earth years (i.e. about one and one-third
Nibiru years) after ALALU’s escape and journey from Nibiru to
Earth, ANU authorizes his son, E.A (i.e. He Whose Home Is Water)
/ EN.KI to travel with a group of fifty Nephilim to the ’seventh
planet’ in order to verify that ALALU’s claims are accurate and
true. Within six days of their landing, the settlement of Eridu
(i.e. Home In The Faraway, or Earth Station 1), in the region
they named the Edin, is established by E.A and his group. The
Nephilim who have traveled from their home planet, Nibiru, to the
seventh planet receive the name, AN.UNNA.KI (i.e. Those Who From
Heaven To Earth Came Down).
Earth was known as the ’seventh planet’ to the Nephilim on Nibiru
because it was counted from the outer reaches of this solar
system (i.e. 1. Gaga/Pluto ~ 2. Ea/Neptune ~ 3. Anu/Uranus ~ 4.
Anshar/Saturn ~ 5. Kishar/Jupiter ~ 6. Lahmu/Mars ~ 7. Ki/Earth
~ 8. Lahamu/Venus ~ 9. Mummu/Mercury).
The Hebrew tradition of the six days of creation may have been
derived from the earlier recorded Sumerian account of the
and their establishment of Eridu. That
account noted that certain tasks were performed on particular
days, such as the investigation and recording of herbs, trees
and other plantlife on the third day, and the investigation and
recording of all the creatures which crept or walked on the
sixth day. E.A proclaimed that the seventh day would be a day of
The Sumerian word, E.DIN, translates as Home of the Righteous
Ones. It was in the E.DIN that the city, E.RI.DU, was
established. The name has been translated into all languages of
the world, including Erde in German, Erthe in Middle English,
Ertz in Kurdish, and Eretz in Hebrew. The word also came to be
what English speaking people call Earth. The place where the E.DIN was established was in the lands drained by the Tigris and
Euphrates rivers, and what came to be known as Mesopotamia. The
twin peaks of the mountain called Arrata / Ararat were used as
landing guidepoints for the Nephilim’s spacecrafts.
445,000 to 360,000 ~ The arrival of more of the Nephilim requires
that the settlement on Earth be expanded. Within this period
EN.LIL, and later his father, ANU, travel from Nibiru to Earth
to determine if gold retrieval can be increased because what has
been delivered to Nibiru is insufficient to repair all the
breaches in Nibiru’s atmosphere.
A Sumerian text related that:
After kingship had been lowered
from heaven, after the exalted crown, the throne of kingship had
been lowered from heaven, he... perfected the procedures, the
divine ordinances... Founded five cities in pure places, called
their names, laid them out as centers. The first of these
cities, E.RI.DU, he gave to Nufimmud, the leader. The second,
BAD.TIBIRA, he gave to Nugig. The third to LA.RA.AK, he gave to
Pabilsag. The fourth, SIP.PAR, he gave to the hero Utu. The
fifth, SHU.RUP.PAK, he gave to Sud.
The gold which had been retrieved thus far had come from the
ocean. As such, it was already in a refined state and ready for
use (albeit after pulverization). E.A. traveled across the lands
of the Earth in a ’sky chamber’ in search of gold ore bearing
rock. He found a sizeable quantity in the Abzu (i.e. the
southern/lower/nether region), which corresponds to the
present-day region of southern Africa along the Zambezi River.
On Nibiru, the Nephilim were becoming impatient for the much
needed gold. EN.LIL was directed by his father, ANU to travel to
the seventh planet to find out why E.A’s discovery of gold in
the veins of the Earth, and his proposal to mine it had not yet
been undertaken. On Earth E.A explained to his brother the
difficulties of mining the gold ore from the rocks. They also
discussed the situation of who should direct the mining
operations and who should command the Eridu settlement. They
called upon their father to come to the Earth to decide the
ANU arrived on Earth and was informed by E.A. about his
findings, and they traveled to the Abzu to inspect the gold
bearing ore. The question of who should handle the operations
was voiced, so ANU suggested that he, E.A. and EN.LIL should
draw lots to decide who should be in charge of the Home In The
Faraway, the gold mining operations in the Abzu, and even the
kingship of Nibiru.
The drawing of the lots resulted in ANU choosing to remain as
king of Nibiru. EN.LIL was to become the Lord of the Command of
Eridu and additional settlements in the Edin. E.A was to become
the EN.KI (i.e. the Earth’s Master) and to oversee the mining of
gold in the Abzu.
ALALU was left out of the drawing of the lots, and it angered
him. He challenged ANU to another wrestling match to defend his
honor. ANU agreed, and the two wrestled, with ANU subduing ALALU
yet another time. But as ANU raised his foot from the fallen
body of ALALU, the latter rose up and bit off ANU’s manhood. ANU
survived and returned to Nibiru to be healed. ALALU was exiled
by a court of the Seven Who Judge to a life alone on the planet Lahma, where he eventually died.
415,000 ~ NIN.HUR.SAG travels from Nibiru to the seventh planet,
Earth. Holding the position of Chief Medical Officer, her
mission is to respond to medical complaints being voiced by the
Anunnaki on Earth.
415,000 to 100,000 ~ A complex of eight cities is established
and completed in the E.DIN. By the year 400,000, the city of
Nippur / Nibru-ki (i.e. the Bond Heaven-Earth) has been
established as a Mission Control Center; and by the year
360,000, Sippar is established for use as a spaceport.
Additional cities in the complex include:
as a medical center for the use of Ninhursag
established as an industrial center for the purpose of smelting
and refining the gold mined in the Abzu
Laarsa and Lagash,
established as beacon cities for incoming spacecraft
400,000 to 200,000 ~ Homo sapiens sapiens emerge on the Earth.
Some anthropologists believe that Homo sapiens sapiens evolved
from Homo erectus, but such a link has not yet been proven. At Zhoukoudian, near Peking, China, a habitation of
sapiens included a hearth by which the inhabitants could warm
themselves. A similar hearth was found at the Terra Amata site
on the Mediterranean coast of France, which has been dated to
300,000 B.C. Evidence of communal or cooperative activities
suggest that some form of speech existed from this period. By
200,000, it is believed that no Homo erectus remained in
300,000 ~ About the fortieth shar (i.e. 3600 years) after the
landing of the Nephilim on Earth, the Anunnaki who had been
delegated to mine the gold in the Abzu stage a rebellion. EN.KI
and NIN.HUR.SAG contrive to create an alternative being to take
over the tedious labor of the Anunnaki.
After toiling for forty ’periods’, the Anunnaki mutinied and
demanded relief. They approached EN.LIL begging for relief, but
he did not want to satisfy their requests, so they called on ANU
to provide relief. EN.KI, invariably the Anunnaki’s protagonist,
suggested that a lullu (i.e. a primitive worker, aka the Lullu
Amelu) be created to bear the work.
The process whereby mankind - Homo sapiens sapiens (i.e.
the Lullu, the ’one that is mixed’) was created, was by genetically
altering the Homo erectus beings that inhabited the Earth prior
to the coming of the Anunnaki. But rather than being a
’creation’ in the strictest sense of the word, the method by
which EN.KI and NIN.HUR.SAG brought the ADAMA into existence was
by infusing the Nephilim / Anunnaki life blood (i.e. the
or soul) into the beings which already inhabited the Earth -
prehistoric Homo erectus.
The life which inhabited this planet, prior to the arrival of
the Nephilim, may have actually originated on the home planet of
the Nephilim, Nibiru, and been deposited on this planet when it
collided with Nibiru. Therefore, the life forms, including the ’caveman’,
Homo erectus, would have been genetically compatible
with the life forms of Nibiru. In the most basic terms, the
semen/sperm of EN.KI was introduced into the egg of an Homo
erectus female in the process known today as
cross-fertilization, and the fertilized egg, the embryo, was
then inserted into NIN.KI’s womb where it was nourished by her
blood and grew into the ADAMA, which EN.KI named Adapa.
The ADAMA was the first man - or rather, the first of a kind -
sapiens sapiens - ’Civilized Man’. This first human being would
be referred to, in later times, and by the spiritual descendants
of the Sumerians - the Judeo-Christians, as Adam. EN.KI and
NIN.HUR.SAG then created KHAWA or TI.TI, who would later be
known as Eve. The unique thing about ADAPA / ADAM and KHAWA /
EVE was that they, despite being cross-bred of Nephilim and human
genes, were capable of reproducing on their own.
120,000 to 12,000 ~ Last Ice Age. (Certain authorities claim
that the last ice age began as recent as 75,000 years ago and
ended about 10,000 B.C.) During this period of glaciation, the
first examples of sophisticated hunting equipment appear. These
include spears, javelins, arrows and bows. It is also during
this last ice age that cave art first appears, evidence of not
only the artistic, but the imaginative, abilities of evolving
mankind. By the end of the last ice age, between 12,000 and
10,000 B.C., humans had migrated throughout the entire world.
They had crossed over the Bering land bridge into the western
hemisphere as early as 20,000 B.C.; examples of colonies are
found in Chile and on the southernmost tip of present-day South
America, Tierra del Fuego.
110,200 to 56,200 ~ ADAPA, the Adama, or ’First Of A Kind’ (i.e.
Civilized Man), has been calculated to have lived between the
93rd and 108th shar since the arrival of the
Nephilim on Earth in
445,000 B.C.E. That would have been approximately from the year
110,200 to the year 56,200 B.C.E.
ADAPA was taken to Nibiru by his Nephilim kinfolk, DU.MU.ZI and
NINGISHZIDDA, to be presented to ANU. Before leaving Earth,
EN.KI gave to NINGISHZIDDA a tablet containing the account of
ADAPA’s creation from his own life-force, and the suggestion
that ADAPA should be prevented from eating and drinking of
Nibiru food, which would grant to him, and his descendants, life
based on the Nibiru shar cycles of one year equal to 3600 Earth
ANU gave to ADAPA, for his return to Earth, seeds from which
cultivated grains might be grown, and the life-essence of sheep
from which domesticated cattle might be raised.
ADAPA / ADAM and KHAWA / EVE mated and bore twin sons, whom they
named QAYIN / KAIN and HEVEL / ABAEL. KA.IN (i.e. He Who In The
Field Food Grows), by the guidance of NIN.UR.TA, was instructed
in the sowing and reaping of the grains the Nephilim gave to
Adapa. His brother, ABAEL (i.e. He Of The Watered Meadows), by
the guidance of MAR.DUK, was instructed in the birthing and
raising of animals.
After a time, and following the growing of crops by KA.IN and
the raising of sheep by ABAEL, they and the products of their
labor were presented to EN.LIL and EN.KI. Both earthling sons
were praised by EN.LIL, but only ABAEL received praise from
ABAEL boasted of EN.KI’s praise to KA.IN, and it angered KA.IN.
Eventually the anger grew so deeply in KA.IN, and he raised a
stone and brought it crashing down on the head of his brother,
ABAEL. The life-essence of ABAEL flowed from his body. When
EN.KI was told of what had happened, and of the death of his
son, MAR.DUK’s apprentice, EN.KI became very enraged, and cursed
Brought before a council of the Seven Who Judge, it was urged by MAR.DUK that KA.IN be put to death. But EN.KI argued,
successfully that he should simply be exiled from the E.DIN. To
put him to death would eliminate one avenue for additional
earthling procreation and increase. EN.KI’s suggestion of exile
was agreed upon by the Seven Who Judge, and therefore, KA.IN was
allowed to remain alive, but to be forever banished from the
E.DIN. As a sign for all who later would encounter KA.IN or his
descendants, his life-essence was altered so that he would never
be capable of growing a beard upon his face.
ADAPA and KHAWA bore nearly sixty additional children, thirty
sons and thirty daughters. The third son born to ADAPA and KHAWA
was named SAT.NAAL / SATI / SETH (i.e. He Who Life Binds Again).
This birth came during the 95th shar since the arrival of the
Nephilim on Earth, or around the year 103,000 B.C.E.
In the 97th shar since the arrival of the Nephilim on Earth (i.e.
95,800 B.C.E.), SATI and his spouse, AZURA, gave birth to a son,
ENSHI (i.e. Master Of Humanity). An understanding of the rites
of worship of the Anunnaki began with ENSHI, who was known in
the Hebrew tradition as Enosh.
In the 98th shar since the arrival of the Nephilim on Earth (i.e.
92,200 B.C.E.), ENSHI and his spouse, his sister, NOAM, gave
birth to a son, KUNIN (i.e. He Of The Kilns). KUNIN was taught
the arts of smelting and refining the gold ore.
In the 99th shar since the arrival of the Nephilim on Earth (i.e.
88,600 B.C.E.), a son was born to KUNIN and his spouse, his half
sister, MUALIT. The child was named MALALU (i.e. He Who Plays).
MALALU was known in the Hebrew tradition as Mahalalel.
In the 100th shar since the arrival of the Nephilim on Earth
(i.e. 85,000 B.C.E.), MALALU and his spouse, DUNNA, gave birth
to a son, IRID (i.e. He Of The Sweet Waters). IRID was known in
the Hebrew tradition as Jared.
IRID took as his spouse, BARAKA, the daughter of his mother’s
brother, and in the 102nd shar since the arrival of the
on Earth (i.e. 77,800 B.C.E.) a son was born to them. His name
was ENKI.ME (i.e. By ENKI ME Understanding). The ME were
miniature objects encoded with information about all aspects of
Nephilim science and knowledge. EN.KI took a special liking to
ENKI.ME, and taught him things about Nibiru and the heavens
which he had previously only taught to ADAPA. EN.KI’s son, MAR.DUK took ENKI.ME on journeys into space, landing on the Moon
and to Lahmu / Mars. In the Hebrew tradition, ENKI.ME is
referred to by the name of Enoch.
In the 104th shar since the arrival of the Nephilim on
Earth (i.e. 70,600 B.C.E.), ENKI.ME and his spouse, his
half-sister, EDINNI, gave birth to three sons, MATUSHAL (i.e.
Who By The Bright Waters Raised), RAGIM, and GAIDAD. MATUSHAL
was known in the Hebrew tradition as Methuselah.
To MATUSHAL and his spouse, EDNAT, was born a son, LU.MACH (i.e.
Mighty Man), sometimes referred to as Ubartutu. In the Hebrew
tradition, LU.MACH was known by the name of Lamech.
100,000 to 30,000 ~ Beings which are classified as Homo sapiens neanderthalensis (i.e.
Neandertals) inhabit the Earth. The
development of Neandertal man might have resulted from an
adaptation to the cold environment. Evidence of offerings of
animal bones and stone tools in the graves of Neandertals give
rise to suggestions that they believed in an after-life in which
they would have need of such articles. Certain skeletons exhibit
marks of previous, and healed, injuries, suggesting that a
wounded Neandertal had been cared for by others in his/her
family or community. The Neandertals abruptly disappeared around
100,000 to 30,000 ~ Anunnaki males begin to mate with female
earthlings. According to the Hebrew Bible (Genesis: chapter six,
verse four), "the sons of God came in unto the daughters of
The children born of the matings of Anunnaki males and female
earthlings are sometimes referred to as the
Watchers, and it was these beings from whom the idea of
emerged. The Greek word, angelos, from which the English word
’angel’ is derived, actually refers only to a ’messenger,’
rather than to an ethereal, supernatural being. The Naphidem,
being partially descended from the Nephilim, began to assume
superiority over the wholly earthling descended males, whom in
the early texts are referred to as the Eljo. The friction that
came to exist between the Nephidem and the Eljo eventually
erupted into a war, in which the Eljo race was virtually
77,000 ~ The city of Shuruppak is governed by Ubartutu, a
descendant of the union of an Anunnaki male and a human female.
He is known otherwise as Lamech, the father of Utnapishtim /
Ziusudra (aka Noah). The fact of the matter is that Ubartutu /
Lamech was not the biological father of Utnapishtim / Ziusudra /
Noah, as will be seen below.
75,000 to 25,000 ~ Homo sapiens sapiens inhabit the Earth.
Variously named Cro Magnon, by this time, they have practically
displaced the Neanderthals as the dominant race of beings about
40,000 years ago.
49,000 ~ ZIUSUDRA / UTNAPISHTIM / NOAH is born. He is the son of
EN.KI and an earthling, Batanash, the niece and wife of Lu-Mach
/ Lamech. But the knowledge of his birth father is kept a
secret, and he is raised as if he is Lu-Mach’s own son. The
child is given the name Ziusudra (i.e. He Of Long Bright
Lifedays), and Utnapishtim (i.e. Respite) because it was
believed that his destiny would be to bring to the Earth a
respite from suffering. He was known as Noah in the Hebrew
tradition. ZIUSUDRA married EMZARA, and to them were born three
40,000 ~ Homo erectus is still found in only certain locations,
38,000 ~ EN.LIL becomes annoyed with the increase of the human
beings, and their voracious appetites. The climate was even
changing, becoming harsh and dry. EN.LIL comes to believe that
the hardships that the earthlings and Anunnaki alike are
experiencing are directly the result of the unchecked
promiscuity of the earthlings, and schemes to bring about their
decimation. His plan is for the Anunnaki to leave the Earth, en
masse, and return to Nibiru, leaving the earthlings to their own
fate. This decision is partly devised because EN.LIL, EN.KI,
NIN.HUR.SAG and the other true Anunnaki / Nephilim beings find
that they are aging more quickly on Earth than on Nibiru.
The long circuit, or orbit, of Nibiru around the sun, making up
a single year for the inhabitants of Nibiru (i.e. one shar),
equated to 3,600 Earth years. As long as the Nephilim stayed on
Earth, traveling on its short circuit around the sun, their own
life cycles were sped up. Also, although on Nibiru the
could partake of a liquid that enabled long life, the coveted
elixir was not readily available to them on the Earth, and
therefore their lives were quickly coming to their ends.
EN.LIL, EN.KI and NIN.HUR.SAG discussed returning to Nibiru so
that they would escape their impending deaths on Earth, but GALZU, stating that he was an emissary of ANU, arrived with a
sealed tablet from the king of Nibiru. The message which GALZU
carried to ANU’s children was that they were never to return to
Nibiru. The scientists and priests of Nibiru had determined that
for them to return to their home planet would almost surely mean
their deaths due to the harmful effects brought on by living
upon the planet Earth so long.
30,000 to 20,000 ~ The race of mankind diverges into four
recognizable racial groups:
1.) Caucasoids - present-day
Europeans and Indians along with Hamites and Semites
Mongoloids - present-day Asians and American Indians
3.) Australoids - present-day Australian Aborigines
17,000 to 9,500 ~ Certain animals - dogs and sheep - are
domesticated, probably as a source of food. These were followed
by goats, pigs, horned and hornless cattle.
13,000 ~ The Anunnaki become aware that the next time Nibiru
passes near the Earth, an immense tidal wave may be triggered.
ANU gave another warning to his sons and daughter - that the
changes in the climate along with other similar changes they
were experiencing on the Earth were the result of the tension
being generated by Nibiru’s approach toward the Earth. The
Nephilim on Nibiru had correctly calculated that the passing of
the two planets would result in a deluge on the Earth as the ice
sheets which covered so much of its poles would be warmed and
increase the level of the oceans. ANU encouraged his children to
enter their space chariots as the passing of the two planets
occurred so that they might safely ride out the events that were
destined to happen.
EN.LIL coerced the rest of the Anunnaki to promise to keep the
information of the impending natural disaster from the
earthlings in order to allow them to be destroyed. But EN.KI
could not bear to see his creations destroyed, and so he
conspired to save a few of them. He did not speak directly of
the coming deluge to Ziusudra / Noah, but rather to the walls of
the reed hut in which Ziusudra resided. And, by chance, Ziusudra
heard the words EN.KI spoke. EN.KI secretively told Ziusudra
that he would find a tablet on which was drawn a plan for a boat
which Ziusudra should build, into which he was to take animals
and life essences in order to ride out the coming flood. The life essences which Ziusudra was to take with him had been
collected by EN.KI and NIN.HUR.SAG.
EN.LIL was enraged when he found out about what EN.KI had done,
but EN.KI, technically, had not divulged the information to the
earthlings. EN.LIL eventually accepted the fact that the
earthlings had not been entirely destroyed, and in fact was
happy that they had not been when it became evident that
Nibiru’s passing the Earth caused the fabric of its atmosphere
to once more become weakened. The Primitive Workers would once
again be needed to obtain gold to send to Nibiru’s rescue.
12,000 ~ The Deluge sweeps over the Earth.
As Nibiru approached Earth, the Earth began to shake and
lightning lit up the skies. The forces aroused by the gravity
fields of each of the planets caused great havoc to the
atmospheres of both planets, but it was more intense on Earth
because of the greater size of Nibiru. The Anunnaki boarded
their airships and lifted off into the heavens above the Earth,
from which point they could watch the Deluge. As they watched,
the ice sheets on the southern pole began to break up. Giant
slabs of ice slid into the ocean, initially raising the level of
the ocean slightly. Then all of a sudden the great mass of the
southern glacier shattered into bits and splashed into the
waters, causing an immense tidal wave. The wave rose over the Apsu in the southern reaches of the continent we now call
Africa. The wave continued northward across the land, surging
into the valley between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers where
the Anunnaki’s great cities had been established. The Anunnaki
in their sky chariots watched as everything was inundated by the
raging waters. The flooding of the oceans was joined by a
terrific downpour of rains from the skies. Then, after forty
days, the rains and storms stopped, and the waters began to
All the while that the Deluge was occurring, the boat carrying
Ziusudra / Noah and his family floated safely through the
waters. The vessel came to rest on the mountain known to the
Sumerians and Akkadians as Arrata. The first thing that the
earthlings did when they emerged from the boat was build an
alter and offer a sacrifice of a ewe-lamb in thanks and
gratitude to EN.KI for having spared their lives. The Anunnaki,
hovering above the earth in their sky chariots saw the smoke
rising from the alter and traveled toward it in order to
determine its origin.
EN.LIL was furious when he realized that some of the earthlings
had been spared from destruction. He raged at EN.KI for having
told the earthlings about the coming flood, but EN.KI responded
that he had not broken his oath to avoid speaking of the
impending disaster with the earthlings; he had only told the
wall of the grass hut, and Ziusudra must have overheard him.
EN.LIL continued to rage, and only then did EN.KI reveal that
Ziusudra was his own son. EN.LIL finally relented and his fury
subsided like the waters of the Deluge. He even suggested that
the earthlings who had survived the flood should be given seeds
and the knowledge and tools to plant them so that the earth
would once again become fruitful and capable of sustaining life.
The Deluge marked the end of the period known to the Anunnaki as
the Olden Times (which, as noted above, had begun with the
kingship of AN on Nibiru).
11,000 ~ The New Stone Age begins at the end of the Pleistocene
Ice Age according to some experts. (See 7,000 to 5,000)
11,000 to present ~ The Cenozoic Era; Quaternary Period; Recent
10,500 ~ The Deluge ends and the Anunnaki, on EN.LIL’s urging,
divide the earth into regions.
The valley drained by the Tigris
and Euphrates rivers, which is today occupied primarily by the
country of Iraq will be allotted to EN.LIL and his children.
Ziusudra’s sons, Shem and Japheth will dwell there.
peninsula that will be occupied millenia later primarily by the
country of Saudi Arabia is given the name Tilmun (i.e. Land Of
The Missiles) and is assigned to NIN.HUR.SAG.
To the west, in
the valley of the Nile river, and stretching southward across
the continent which will later acquire the name of Africa, EN.KI
and his son, MAR.DUK and their descendants take control.
Ziusudra’s son, Ham, makes his residence there.
10,500 to 7,000 ~ During the first shar after the Deluge, the
Anunnaki create a new ’Place of the Chariots’; the original site
having been destroyed by the floodwaters. The new site will
exist on the lands drained by the Nile river, and which, many
centuries later, will be known as Egypt. Because the lands are
flat and no natural features exist to be used as landing
guidepoints, the Anunnaki create two ’peaks’ by constructing
four sided, pyramid-shaped structures. They are designed by
NINGISHZIDDA. The largest of the two structures is given the
name of Ekur (i.e. House Which Like A Mountain Is).
Inside the Ekur are chambers and galleries in which crystals from Nibiru
are stored. The crystals will be used to shine as a beacon to
incoming spacecraft. Between the two pyramids a monument to the
architect, NINGISHZIDDA, is constructed. Since the structures
are created during the Age of the Lion according to the
tradition, the monument is fashioned in the image of that beast,
but with the head of NINGISHZIDDA himself.
10,000 ~ The Domestic Age begins in the region of Mesopotamia.
One of the first animals to be domesticated (circa 9,500 B.C.)
is the dog - probably to provide food. The global population is
estimated to have reached 5 million people by this time.
9,780 ~ MAR.DUK, Enki’s firstborn son, takes the name of RA, and
divides dominion over Egypt between his sons ASAR (known in the
Egyptian tradition as Osiris) and SATU (known in the Egyptian
tradition as Seth).
ASAR took as his wife, ASTA and SATU espoused NEBAT, both
daughters of SHAMGAZ, the leader of the Igigi (i.e. those
Nephilim who had made their home at the way station on Lahmu/Mars
for the purpose of transporting the gold from Earth to Nibiru). ASAR and ASTA made their home alongside his father, MAR.DUK in
the valley of the Nile river, while SATU and NEBAT made their
home alongside her father, SHAMGAZ in the valley of the Tigris
and Euphrates rivers.
NEBAT, being jealous of her sister’s residence in the fertile
valley of the Nile, and goaded on by her father, questioned her
husband daily as to why they were not favored to inherit those
fertile lands. The continual badgering by NEBAT incited SATU to
scheme to murder his brother in order to gain ASAR’s lands.
9,330 ~ SATU / Seth invites ASAR / Osiris to a banquet, and
there gives his brother a poisoned drink, and when ASAR has
passed out, he is laid in a coffin. The coffin is sealed tightly
and cast into the sea.
ASAR died before MAR.DUK and ASTA could find the coffin. MAR.DUK,
despite his grief, was consigned to accept the fact that his
youngest son, SATU, should gain the inheritance that had been
intended for the eldest son, ASAR. MAR.DUK let it be known to
ASTA that she should conceive a son by SATU to continue the
lineage properly, but ASTA was not in agreement. She obtained
some semen from the dead body of her husband, and impregnated
herself with it. A son, HORON (known in the Egyptian tradition
as Horus) was born to ASTA.
9,000 to 8,500 ~ The city of Jericho is established, its ruins
having been radio-carbon dated to circa 9,000 B.C. Jericho has
been identified as a ’city’ due to its surrounding defensive
wall, indicating that the inhabitants worked together to take
precautions to protect their homes and community. It encompasses
ten acres of land within its massive stone walls.
9,000 to 7,500 ~ Mankind enters into a period of civilization
known as the Pre-Pottery Neolithic, a period in which the use of
crude stone tools are giving way to polished stone implements
with specific purposes. Man is continuing to domesticate a
variety of animals and plants through this period. The form of
wheat known as einkorn is sown outside its natural habitat in
the region that is occupied by the present-day country of Syria.
The plant, normally found to grow naturally in the Taurus and Zagros mountains was found at Tell Abu Hureyra and Mureybat on
the banks of the Euphrates river, providing evidence that the
inhabitants of this region intentionally cultivated the plant.
9,000 ~ Evidence reveals the existence of peoples in the
continents of the western hemisphere. Whether they have traveled
from Asia across the Bering Strait landbridge is conjectured by
8,970 ~ The ’First Pyramid War’ takes place. HORON / Horus,
having grown into manhood, heads to Tilmun, the Land Of The
Missiles, with an army of loyal earthlings. They carry weapons
made of iron, a new metal, the secrets of the making of which HORON learns from his great-uncle, GIBIL, a son of EN.KI. HORON
challenges SATU / Seth to a battle in order to avenge the death
of his father, ASAR / Osiris. SATU responds that the fight is
between just the two of them, and in turn challenges HORON to a
The two engage each other in the skies, and in
the fight that ensues, SATU strikes HORON with a poisoned dart,
causing him to fall to earth as in death. ASTA, seeing her son
being struck dead, cries out to NINGISHZIDDA for his help.
NINGISHZIDDA arrives and converts the poison in HORON’s body to
benevolent blood, and ASTA’s son revives. HORON then attacks
SATU, and the two once more become embroiled in a fight in their
aircraft. HORON is victorious by shooting SATU down. Blind, and
in bonds, he is taken by HORON before a council of the Anunnaki,
who pronounce sentence on him that he should be allowed to live,
albeit blind and heirless.
8,670 ~ The ’Second Pyramid War’ takes place. DU.MUZI, the
youngest son of EN.KI falls in love with INANNA, the daughter of
NAN.NAR, and granddaughter of EN.LIL. But their love is doomed,
the events of which lead the descendants of EN.LIL into war with
the descendants of EN.KI.
EN.KI gave to DU.MUZI and INANNA a large region north of the
Abzu in which to reside and rule over following their betrothal.
MAR.DUK, DU.MUZI’s older brother was jealous of DU.MUZI. After
INANNA told GESHTINANNA, DU.MUZI and MAR.DUK’s sister of their
dreams of building a great kingdom, GESHTINANNA went to MAR.DUK
and told him all.
MAR.DUK laid out a scheme to cheat DU.MUZI and
INANNA of a lawful heir. MAR.DUK convinced GESHTINANNA to go to
DU.MUZI in order to be impregnated by him; in Anunnaki
tradition, the child born between a brother and sister had
greater legitimacy in terms of inheritance than one born between
After having impregnated his sister, GESHTINANNA,
DU.MUZI dreamt that he was punished and his kingdom taken from
him. He awoke and told GESHTINANNA of the dream. While he was
disturbed by the dream, GESHTINANNA placed the suggestion in his
head that perhaps the dream’s meaning was that when MAR.DUK
would find out that they had lain together, he would assume that
DU.MUZI had raped his sister. DU.MUZI was convinced that
GESHTINANNA’s suggestion was correct, and in anguish he fled
from her side. In his flight, DU.MUZI came upon a river, and
slipping on the rocks, he was drowned in the torrent.
INANNA, the lover of DU.MUZI, was beside herself with grief. It
was made known to INANNA that DU.MUZI’s lifeless body had
floated in the waters of the river to the Abzu, wherein her
sister, ERESH.KIGAL, reigned. So to the Abzu she traveled in
order to retrieve the body of her lover. ERESH.KIGAL suspected
INANNA of a scheme which was untrue; she suspected the grieving
lover of attempting to gain an heir by their husband, NER.GAL,
and promptly chained her to a stake.
Finding out about what had transpired between ERESH.KIGAL and
INANNA, EN.KI fashioned two ’emissaries out of clay,' and sent
them to the Abzu to obtain the release and return of INANNA.
They found INANNA, but her life essence had already departed
from her body, so the emissaries sprinkled the Water Of Life
upon her and revived her. They returned the the ’upper world’
with INANNA and the body of DU.MUZI.
INANNA demanded that EN.KI should punish MAR.DUK for his role in
the death of DU.MUZI. EN.KI replied that although MAR.DUK might
have initiated the events which drove DU.MUZI to his eventual
accidental death, he could not be held responsible for murder.
INANNA then went to her own parents and pleaded for them to
enact revenge on MAR.DUK.
EN.LIL sent a message to EN.KI demanding MAR.DUK’s surrender to
the family of INANNA, to which EN.KI refused. And so, the two
Second Pyramid War erupted between the families of EN.LIL and
Utilizing spacecraft armed with what must have been nuclear type
weapons, the two families fought each other. Throughout the
lands inhabited by the Annunnaki there was much destruction, and
many innocent Anunnaki and earthlings were killed. Pursued by
INANNA, MAR.DUK hid himself within the Ekur, the one great
pyramid designed by his brother, NINGISHZIDDA. EN.LIL’s son,
NIN.URTA found the secret entrance to the Ekur, and he, along
with INANNA and ISH.KUR, pursued MAR.DUK through its corridors.
Within the upper chamber of the Ekur, MAR.DUK lowered the
sliding stone locks in order that his pursuers might not be able
to follow him any further. But with him inside the chamber, EN.LIL’s children cut loose the ropes which held blocking stones
in place. They slid into place sealing MAR.DUK inside the
SARPANIT, the spouse of MAR.DUK, went to EN.KI and begged him to
set her husband free. EN.KI directed her to go NAN.NAR and his
children, UTU and INANNA to beg for MAR.DUK’s life. But INANNA
would not relent.
EN.KI and EN.LIL called for NIN.HUR.SAG to mediate. It was her
decision that although MAR.DUK should be punished, he did not
deserve to die. And so it was decided that MAR.DUK would be
released from his prison-grave, but that he would have to go to
live in a land in which no earthling resided. NINGISHZIDDA,
had built the great Ekur, was summoned to find a way to
extricate MAR.DUK from its bowels.
When told of the terms of his release, MAR.DUK became enraged.
But ultimately, he accepted his fate, and he, SARPANIT and their
son, NABU made their way from the lands inhabited by the
Anunnaki and the earthlings.
The Enlilship (i.e. kingship) over the lands of the Nile valley
was transferred to NIN.URTA. It was during this period that the
city of Heliopolis was established as a ’beacon city.’
7,500 ~ A cemetery is first established in the northern
continent in the western hemisphere.
7,000 to 5,000 ~ The period known as the Neolithic supercedes
the Paleolithic. The Neolithic, also known as the ’New Stone
Age’ (sometimes noted as encompassing the Pre-Pottery Neolithic
period from 9,000 to 7,500 B.C.), is a period in which crude
stone tools are replaced by polished stone tools with specific
functions. The proliferation of pottery appearing widespread
circa 7,000 B.C., emphasizes the domestication of grains, such
as wheat and barley, for use as a major source of food. Certain
metals, such as copper and gold, begin to be discovered and
refined in parts of present-day Europe and the Near East.
7,000 to 6,000 ~ Sheep has been domesticated as early as 9,500
in the Zagros mountain region of Mesopotamia, but to the
southwest, in the Levantine, encompassed by the present-day
countries of Syria, Jordan and Lebanon, the animal to be
domesticated initially is the gazelle, which is followed by the
goat by 7,000 B.C. Pigs are domesticated at this time in the
region encompassed at the present time by Turkey. Cattle are
domesticated in the Aegean region by 6,000 B.C.
6,500 ~ The Bronze Age begins in the region of Mesopotamia.
6,500 to 5,500 ~ Agriculture is introduced to the region
encompassed by the present-day countries of Greece and Bulgaria.
Communities appear along the Danube River by 5,500 B.C.
6,250 to 5,400 ~ Catal Huyuk is the largest city in the region
commonly known as Anatolia, which will eventually become known
by the names of Asia Minor and Turkey. It encompasses some
6,000 ~ Rice is cultivated in Asia, in the region of present-day
5,500 ~ Cotton is cultivated in the Indus Valley. In another
thousand years, a related species of the plant will be
cultivated in the western hemisphere.
5,300 to 4,750 ~ Farming communities appear in the region of
5,300 to 5,000 ~ Cities appear throughout the Mesopotamian
alluvial plain drained by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. At
roughly the same time, the Nile Valley is colonized.
5,000 to 2,500 ~ Farming communities appear through the region
now encompassed by China. By 2,500 B.C. walled cities-states
appear. The working of precious gems, such as jade begins.
4,500 ~ Agriculture spreads into the region now encompassed by
Germany and northwestern Europe.
4,004 ~ Traditional Hebrew date for the Creation, lasting for a
period of seven literal days.
4,000 ~ The plough is developed about this time in Sumer.
4,000 ~ The cultivation of rice spreads to the Yangtze delta
region of present-day China.
4,000 ~ Agriculture spreads to the islands which are now
encompassed by the British Isles and Ireland.
4,000 to 3,000 ~ Desiccation begins to set in on the northern
third of the African continent, forming the desert that would
later be called the Sahara. During this period of time, the
peoples living in that region are forced to migrate eastward to
the valley drained by the Nile River, or southward to the region
drained by the Congo River.
3,800 ~ The earliest evidence of civilization in Sumer, dating
to 3,800 B.C., is uncovered at the site of Eridu in the early
3,800 ~ The Anunnaki re-establish the ’Olden Cities’ of Eridu
and Nibru-Ki (aka Nippur). At about this time, ANU comes to
Earth once more. He finds that the closer orbit of the Earth
around the sun, and this planet’s shorter day and night periods
have caused his children to age much more quickly than other
The city of Unug-Ki (i.e. Uruk in Akkadian, aka Erech in the
Hebrew Bible) was built in ANU’s honor.
EN.KI, EN.LIL and NIN.HUR.SAG related to their father, ANU, the
visit GALZU had made many shars before, to convey to the
Anunnaki, the Nephilim ’who from Heaven came down,’
that they should not return to Nibiru, lest they die from the
changes the Earth’s small orbit had wrought on their bodies.
This was news to ANU; he had not sent an emissary, nor had he
ever heard of GALZU. In fact, he assured his children, there
were elixirs which would cure the ravages on their bodies that
the changes in planetary cycles had caused.
ANU confided to his children that it had become apparent to him
that it was the will of the Creator of All that the Earthlings,
not the Anunnaki, were destined to inherit the Earth. Therefore, ANU declared, it was the Anunnaki’s duty to establish kingship
on Earth to be granted to a chosen Earthling, and to teach the
Earthlings certain knowledge of science and religion.
To begin with, the Earth would be divided into four regions in
which the Earthlings’ own unique form of civilization could,
through the nurturing guidance of the Anunnaki, grow and
The First Region was to encompass the lands where the Edin had
existed before the Deluge (i.e. the valley of the Tigris and
Euphrates Rivers - later known by the names of Shumer and
Mesopotamia). EN.LIL and his sons were appointed to shepherd the
Earthlings there. The First Region was also known by the name of
Ki-Engi (i.e. the Land of the Lofty Watchers).
The Second Region was to encompass the Land of the Two Narrows
(i.e. the Nile Valley - later known by the names of Egypt and Nubia). EN.KI and his sons were to shepherd the Earthlings
The Third Region was to encompass the lands to the east of the
First Region (i.e. the Indus Valley). INANNA was to shepherd the
The Fourth Region was to encompass the lands on the peninsula
known as the Place of the Chariots (i.e. the region which would
later receive the name of the Sinai Peninsula). This Fourth
Region would be reserved for the Anunnaki.
ANU and his spouse, ANTU, as part of their visit to Earth,
traveled to the lands to which MAR.DUK had been banished. There
they found the son of EN.KI living alone with his son, NABU; his
spouse, SARPANIT, had already died. ANU took pity on MAR.DUK,
and so declared that he should be free of his banishment.
Despite his reprise by ANU, MAR.DUK was angered by the fact that
INANNA should receive the charge of a region.
Following ANU’s visit to Earth, the Anunnaki decreed that
henceforth, the passage of time should be measured not in shars,
as on Nibiru, but in Earth orbit years. The concept of the
calendar was established, and appeared first at Nippur.
3,760 ~ Traditional Hebrew date for the appearance of Adam and
3,760 ~ Kingship is transferred to the Earthlings at Kishi.
accounting of time in Earth years is begun.
The Anunnaki began to teach the Earthlings the arts of science,
mathematics and religion as ANU had decreed. The Earthlings
bestowed the name of Lofty Lords on the Anunnaki, and the
habitations of those Lofty Lords were given the name temples.
The city of Kishi was the first to be established specifically
for the Earthlings. The name Kishi meant Scepter City. It was
there that NIN.URTA, with the ME of kingship which he had
received from EN.KI, bestowed kingship on the Earthlings and
appointed the first human king.
Jealous of NIN.URTA’s right to shepherd the Earthlings of the
First Region in their path to kingship, INANNA schemed to steal
the Me’s of civilization and kingship from EN.KI, so that she
might bestow kingship on the Earthlings of the Third Region,
whom she had been given the duty of shepherding. She traveled to
EN.KI’s abode, and getting him drunk, she by stealth obtained
the ninety-four ME’s needed to establish civilization and
kingship. When he discovered what had happened, EN.KI called on
EN.LIL to demand the return of the ME’s by his granddaughter.
INANNA declared that EN.KI had willingly gave her the ME’s, and
it was EN.LIL’s decision that her claim was valid. He directed
that when the term of kingship at Kishi should expire, the right
of kingship should pass to Unug-Ki. While this placated INANNA,
it enraged MAR.DUK, because the kingship should have rightly
passed from the First Region to the Second Region, where EN.KI
and his sons were given the charge of shepherding the
MAR.DUK and his son, NABU, summoned the Igigi and their
Earthling offspring from all regions of the planet to come to
the Edin for the purpose of establishing a sacred city from
which MAR.DUK would rule. He named the city Bab-Ili (i.e.
Babylon, the Gateway of the Gods). He engaged his followers in
the construction of a tower high enough that he might ’reach the
heavens’, or rather be able to communicate directly with Nibiru.
EN.LIL endeavored to halt MAR.DUK, and so he caused the
Earthlings’ language to be confounded that they would not be
able to understand one another. This occurred in the 310th year
since the accounting in Earth years had begun (i.e. 3,450).
3,500 to 2,500 ~ The Sumerian city-states flourish. There are
roughly twelve cities in the Mesopotamian Plain which comprise
Sumer. Culture also flourishes in Sumer (i.e. Shinar, Shumer).
The widespread use of the plough here is evidence of an agrarian
society. The development of the wheel here is evidence of the
intelligence of and skill in use of mathematics of the
Sumerians. The cities are nourished by a system of canals and
dams which exhibit a high degree of planning and mutual
coordination from the various cities.
The city of Sippar was re-established by UTU; from there he
would dispense knowledge of justice to the Earthlings.
The city of Adab was established for the use of NIN.HUR.SAG as a
center for healing and the promulgation of medical knowledge.
The temple in which NIN.HUR.SAG resided became the repository of the ME’s relating to the genetic creation/alteration of the
The city of Urim was established by NAN.NAR.
INANNA resided in the city of Unug-Ki.
3,372 ~ The Mayan calendar’s first date begins.
3,350 ~ Kingship is transferred from Kishi in Sumer to Unug-Ki
in the Third Region, the Indus Valley.
3,200 ~ The first written inscriptions appear. They are
merchants’ account records found at Tell Brak in northern
3,200 to 2,000 ~ The Cycladic civilization flourishes in the
3,110 ~ MAR.DUK and his brother, NINGISHZIDDA quarrel over which
of the two sons of EN.KI should rightly serve as the Lord over
the Second Region. In order to make peace between the two, EN.KI
requests that NINGISHZIDDA submit to his older brother and find
another place in which to reside. NINGISHZIDDA obliging the will
of his father, leaves the Nile Valley, and with a group of loyal
followers, travels across the Earth to take up residence in the
lands on the continent on the far side of the oceans. In his new
domain, NINGISHZIDDA is known as the Winged Serpent. He
establishes a new accounting of time.
3,100 to 3,000 ~ Writing in the form of pictographs is developed
in Sumer. The use of pictographs to convey communication spreads
from Mesopotamia eastward to the region known in the ancient
world as Elam (i.e. the region encompassed in the border between
the present-day countries of Iraq and Iran), and southwestward
to Egypt. Before 2,000 B.C., the Sumerian pictographs will
evolve into cuneiform; the Elamite pictographs will evolve into
a form of cuneiform known as Linear Elamite; and in Egypt the
pictographs will evolve into that country’s distinctive
hieroglyphs. From Elam, the use of pictographs will spread
further eastward into the Indus River valley civilization, and
later on to the Asian cultures developing in present-day China.
The Egyptian hieroglyphs will be spread to the Peloponnesian
island of Crete, where it will evolve, by 1,500 B.C., into a
form of hieroglyphic script, the precursor of the two forms of
writing known as Linear A and Linear B script. The Egyptian
hieroglyphs will also spread eastward into Palestine, where it
will evolve as the Canaanite alphabet. Meanwhile, the Sumerian
cuneiform writing will spread into Asia Minor (i.e. Anatolia, or
present-day Turkey), where it will evolve into the Hittite and Hurrian forms of cuneiform. The Sumerian cuneiform will also be
spread into Palestine and the Levantine region (i.e. the region
encompassed by present-day Syria, Lebanon and Jordan), where it
will merge with the Canaanite alphabet to become the Ugaritic
alphabet at sometime between 1,500 and 1,000 B.C.
3,100 ~ King Menes unites the upper and lower kingdoms of Egypt
and establishes the concept of the ’pharaoh’ as a god-king. His
reign marks the end of nearly 350 years of chaos in the Nile
valley. His reign is the first of thirty-one dynasties to rule
Egypt for two and a half millennia.
According to a correlation between the Egyptian traditions and
those of ancient Sumer, when MAR.DUK laid claim to the
shepherdship of the Second Region, the ’Land of the Two Narrows’
as the Nile Valley was known, he changed his name to RA (i.e.
the Bright One). His father, EN.KI, was revered as PTAH (i.e.
the Developer). The Anunnaki came to be known in the Second
Region by the name of the Neteru, or Guardian Watchers.
RA / MAR.DUK combined the two ’kingdoms’, which existed along
the Nile at that time, into a single kingdom and appointed MENA,
an offspring of the Neteru and an Earthling, as its first king.
This king Mena, or Menes, being partly descended from the
Anunnaki / Neteru, and having their blood flowing in his veins,
therefore took the name of pharaoh, which means ’god-king.’
RA built for Menes a ’scepter city, to surpass Kishi in beauty.
It was named Mena-Nefer (i.e. Mena’s Beauty).
To benefit his son’s fledgling domain, EN.KI / PTAH gave to
MAR.DUK / RA the ME’s by which he might teach civilization to
the Earthlings of the Second Region. All of the ME’s, except
that which informed of eternal life, were given to RA; for this
reason, the civilization which grew up along the Nile Valley
became very rich in knowledge of the arts of science and
3,100 to 2,685 ~ During the Early Dynastic Period in Egypt,
great advances are made in stone-masonry, copper smelting and
crafts of all kinds.
3,000 ~ The Indus Valley civilization flourishes with two large
cities (Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro) and nearly seventy smaller
A part of the Third Region would become known as Zamash, the
Land of Sixty Precious Stones. Another part became known by the
name of Aratta, the Wooded Realm.
To INANNA, EN.KI would not give any additional ME’s other than
the ones she had, by deceit, stolen from him.
3,000 to 2,750 ~ The Bronze Age flourishes in the region of
2,760 ~ Unfortunately, the civilization in the Third Region does
not blossom as much as it should. Its shepherd, INANNA, covets
the Second Region, that of the Nile Valley, and she neglects her
own. One thousand Earth years after the count of time began, the
kingship is taken away from Unug-Ki. Prior to this time, the
hero, Gilgamesh, embarks on his epic journey to gain long life.
INANNA became obsessed with the idea that her beloved DU.MUZI
would someday come back from the dead to be with her eternally.
She created the Gigunu, a House of Nighttime Pleasure, to which
she would lure young men on the night of their weddings. There
she would lay with them, and in the morning their lifeless
bodies would be found.
One young man did not die after a night at Gigunu. He was BANDA,
through whose body the blood of UTU flowed. He succeeded
ENMERKAR as king of Unug-Ki, and took as a spouse, NINSUN, a
descendant of EN.LIL. To BANDA and NINSUN was born a son, GILGAMESH. This son questioned his mother about the mortality of
Earthlings and the immortality of the gods, the Nephilim, of whom
he was descended. NINSUN told GILGAMESH that as long as anyone,
Earthling or Anunnaki, inhabited the Earth, they would die a
mortal death, but those who inhabited Nibiru were assured long
life. And so, GILGAMESH desired to travel to Nibiru.
NINSUN appealed to UTU to assist her son in traveling to Nibiru.
UTU eventually agreed, but GILGAMESH would have to make the
journey to the Landing Place of the Chariots in the Fourth
Region on his own. UTU knew that EN.LIL had created a
fire-belching monster to guard the Landing Place, and that if
GILGAMESH were stalwart and brave enough to overcome this
obstacle, he would be able to travel to Nibiru.
GILGAMESH overcame the monster that guarded the Landing Place,
and made his way through the Fourth Region’s maze of
subterranean tunnels. In his travels, GILGAMESH came upon
ZIUSUDRA and his spouse, EMZARA, who related the events of the
Deluge, and told the young hero about a plant which grew in a
well that the partaking of gave them long life. His journey to
Nibiru being unnecessary, if he should gain the plant that
granted long life here on Earth, GILGAMESH by stealth snatched
the plant from the well, and hurried back to Unug-Ki.
On his journey back to Unug-Ki, GILGAMESH became tired and
sleepy. As he lay asleep, a snake was attracted to the fragrance
of the plant which GILGAMESH had secreted in his satchel. The
snake wormed its way into GILGAMESH’s satchel and ate the plant,
and then slithered off. GILGAMESH awoke and discovered what had
happened, but he could do nothing but return, empty-handed and
distraught, to Unug-Ki.
After GILGAMESH, there were seven more kings who reigned in the
Third Region, but then, one thousand years after it had gained
kingship, the kingship was taken away.
2,760 ~ Kingship is transferred from Unug-Ki to Urim, under the
shepherdship of NAN.NAR and NIN.GAL. The cities of the First
Region, of Sumer, flourish under their guidance, and
civilization spreads to the surrounding regions. The kingship is
not held in any one city; it rotates throughout the region.
2,686 to 2,160 ~ The empire known as the ’Old Kingdom’ (i.e. the
age of Pyramid building) begins in Egypt. Imhotep builds the
first pyramid, a stepped structure, for his king, Zoser, at
MAR.DUK / RA, envious of the growth of culture and civilization
in Sumer, but wary of allowing any other Anunnaki or Earthling
to share his rule, declared that he and he alone should serve as
the lord of the Second Region.
MAR.DUK / RA also undertook the rewriting of history. MAR.DUK /
RA asserted that the priests who interceded between him and the
Earthlings of the Nile Valley should proclaim that he, as RA,
was the ’eldest of Heaven, firstborn who is on Earth.’ He
decreed that the priests should sing hymns to him as the
’foremost from the earliest times’ and as the ’Lord of eternity,
he who everlastingness has made, over all the gods presiding’
and as the ’one who is without equal, the great solitary and
sole one!’ MAR.DUK / RA then proceeded to take on the
attributes and powers of various of the other gods (i.e. the
Anunnaki, whom the Earthlings referred to as ’gods’).
MAR.DUK / RA expressed his desire to rule the entire Earth to
his father, EN.KI.
2,680 ~ According to archeological scholars, the first pyramid
(a step pyramid) to be constructed in the Nile valley is built
by King Zoser at Saqqara. The Great Pyramid of Khufu/Cheops is
believed by scholars to have been built one hundred years later,
2,500 ~ The Sphinx is constructed at Giza to guard the pyramid
2,500 ~ In an attempt to take control of the gold mining and
trading of the Kush in the Nubian Desert, the Egyptians invade
their southern neighbor and capture the region as far south as
the Second Cataract of the Nile.
2,500 ~ The horse is domesticated in Asia.
2,380 ~ The Amorites from Arabia begin to invade and conquer the
regions of Syria, Palestine and Mesopotamia.
2,371 to 2,316 ~ The Sumerian city-states are united as Akkadia
under the Semitic Amorite ruler, Sharru-Kin (i.e. Sargon the
Great). A capital city is established near Kishi, and is named
Agade (i.e. Akkad). The Akkadian Empire, which is the first
empire in world history, stretches from the Zagros Mountains in
the east to the Mediterranean Sea in the west.
In order to counter MAR.DUK’s aims for worldwide domination, EN.LIL and his children were determined to groom an Earthling
king to safeguard their interests. They chose Sharru-Kin (i.e.
the Righteous Regent), the son of Arbakad.
2,350 ~ The first mention of merchants appears in temple
accounts from Lagash. Thereafter, trading sectors appear in most
of the cities throughout Mesopotamia.
2,316 ~ Sharru-Kin removed some of the sacred soil of Babylon
where MAR.DUK had attempted to build a tower to reach the
heavens. The soil was taken and deposited at Agade, and in it
was planted the ’Heavenly Bright Object.’
MAR.DUK, learning of Sharru-Kin’s removal of the sacred soil,
became enraged with jealousy; he believed that he alone should
have the right to possess the sacred soil on which a ’gateway of
the gods’ could be constructed. So, to the First Region MAR.DUK
traveled, and with the help of his son, NABU, and other
followers, he began the construction of a new Babili, or
of the Gods, on the site of the tower that he had attempted a
thousand Earth-years before.
MAR.DUK’s actions once more caused turmoil. INANNA attacked
MAR.DUK’s newly constructed settlement and killed many of his
followers in the process. The devastation and loss of lives was
said to have been the worst in the history of the Earthlings.
NER.GAL pleaded with his brother, MAR.DUK, to leave the First
Region, of which he was not rightful heir, in order that the
bloodshed would stop. MAR.DUK eventually relented and left the
region of Mesopotamia.
2,305 ~ Terah, the son of Nahor, is born in Ur of the Chaldees. Terah will eventually be the father of Abram (i.e. Abraham, Abu-Ramu),
Nahor and Haran, from whom will descend the peoples of the
Israelites, Ishmaelites, Midianites, Moabites and the Ammonites.
Terah would die circa 2,100 B.C., at the age of 205 years.
Known as Tirhu according to the Sumerian texts, Terah was chosen
by EN.LIL to provide the seed for a great nation of Earthlings.
EN.LIL had been visited in a dream by the prophet, GALZU, and
had been warned that there would soon come a period of great
evildoing and bloodshed, brought about by MAR.DUK. EN.LIL was
told that in three celestial portions the Ram of MAR.DUK would
replace EN.LIL’s own. GALZU warned EN.LIL to be aware that
MAR.DUK, having once declared that he was the supreme Anunnaki /
god, he would spread war and devastation to make that claim
true. EN.LIL was instructed to choose an Earthling, as Ziusudra
/ Noah had previously been chosen, for the purpose of preserving
the seed of the Earthlings.
Tirhu / Terah was an oracle priest, and a descendant of Arbakad
and the sixth generation of the Nibru-Ki priests.
EN.LIL instructed his son NAN.NAR to build a city in the land
between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, to be named Haran, in
which Tirhu / Terah should be established as the Priest-Prince.
2,291 ~ Naram-Sin, the grandson of Sharru-Kin, ascends to the
throne of Akkad.
During the reign of Naram-Sin, INANNA found the opportunity to
act upon her own ambition. Finding that EN.LIL and NIN.URTA had
left the First Region to travel to the lands which lay on the
other side of the oceans, and also finding that MAR.DUK had
momentarily journeyed from the Second Region, INANNA felt that
the time was ripe for her to lay claim to those regions.
INANNA made her power known to Naram-Sin, and commanded him to
take an army in her name to invade the kingdoms of Magan and
Meluhha in the Nile Valley. Of course, in order to do so, Naram-Sin
had to cross the Sinai Peninsula, the sacred Fourth Region.
2,260 ~ Naram-Sin was successful in his campaign, but the news
of his activities reached EN.LIL, and enraged, he returned to
the lands of the four regions. EN.LIL cursed Naram-Sin and the
Akkadian empire that he ruled. By that curse, Naram-Sin soon
after met his death by the sting of a scorpion, and the empire
of Akkad was thrust into turmoil.
The kingship was moved from city to city, both those of the
Earthlings and those of the Anunnaki. Finally EN.LIL consulted
with his father ANU, and it was decided that NAN.NAR should be
given the shepherdship of the First Region, of Mesopotamia.
2,200 ~ The Bronze Age in Ireland begins.
2,180 ~ At the end of the VIth Dynasty, the Old Kingdom of Egypt
2,180 to 2,040 ~ The First Intermediate Period of Egypt begins
with the collapse of the Old Kingdom. Although there are kings,
located at Memphis and later at Heracleopolis, the actual rule
comes from provincial governors and the ’nomarchs’ who recruit
their own armies and levy taxes for use in their separate ’nomes.’
2,180 ~ MAR.DUK / RA retains dominion in the Upper Kingdom (i.e.
southern Egypt), while Pharoahs opposed to him claim power in
the Lower Kingdom (i.e. northern Egypt).
The Dragon Court of Ankhfn-khonsu is established in
2,161 ~ Abram (i.e. Abraham, Ibru-Um, Abu-Ramu) is born in Ur ’of the Chaldees.’ According to Hebrew tradition, Abram descends
from Shem, a son of Noah, being the ninth generation from Shem.
2,113 to 2,006 ~ The Akkadian empire disintegrates as the
Sumerians retake control. Around 2006, the Elamites from Persia
and the Amorites from Arabia invade and conquer Sumer.
2,113 ~ The kingship of the First Region was granted to the city
of Urim (i.e. Ur), and Ur-Nammu was appointed as king.
2,100 ~ The Amorites found the city of Babylon.
2,096 ~ Ur-Nammu is killed in battle. The Earthlings view his
untimely death as a betrayal by EN.LIL and the Anunnaki, who are
increasingly absent from human affairs.
2,095 ~ Shulgi ascends the throne of Ur after the death of Ur-Nammu,
and under his rule, the Sumerian kingdom flourishes. Shulgi is
known as one who is eager for battle; to that end he enlists
warriors from the mountainlands (i.e. Elamites) who are not
under the domination of NAN.NAR. During his reign, Shulgi
becomes the lover of INANNA.
2,090 ~ According to Hebrew tradition, at about the age of
seventy years, Abram is called by God, whom he calls
leave Ur and travel to "a land that I will show thee." He
travels first to Haran, north of Ur, with his brother, Nahor’s
According to Hebrew tradition, upon the death of his father,
Terah, Abram was again approached by God, who told him to cross
the Euphrates River and travel southward into Canaan (i.e. the
region south of Syria, bordering on the Mediterranean Sea). At
this time, Abram was commanded by God to leave behind his
father’s family, so with only his wife, Sarah, and his nephew,
Lot, he began the journey southward. Establishing an encampment
at the valley of Moreh, God again approached Abram and gave him
a promise that his seed (i.e. his descendants) would one day
possess those lands.
The Hebrew tradition does not clearly explain why God had made
the promise to Abram; what Abram was to do, or had already done,
to become the recipient of such a gift is not stated in the
Hebrew Bible. The Sumerian texts, on the other hand, state that
EN.LIL called upon Ibru-Um, the eldest son of Tirhu, and
instructed him to travel to Canaan in order to protect the
sacred sites at the Place of the Celestial Chariots on the Sinai
Peninsula, in order that the Anunnaki chariots might continue to
make safe take-offs and landings.
Abram, Sarah and Lot traveled further southward into Egypt,
where, fearing that the Pharoah would want to possess her for
his own wife, Abram instructed Sarah to pass as his sister, and
they would receive no hardship from the Pharoah.
According to Unger’s Bible Dictionary (by Merrill F. Unger,
1957) sister was another name for niece, the relationship of
which Sarah, in fact, was to Abram. But according to Zecharia
Sitchin in his book,
Genesis Revisited, Sarah was indeed the
’sister’ of Abram; although they had the same father, their
mothers were different. The ancient Sumerian and Akkadian texts
have revealed that the standard practice of the Nephilim /
Anunnaki was for a man to mate with his half-sister by the same
father. Apparently, the knowledge of this practice was imparted
to the Sumerians, who likewise practiced it.
As he had feared, Sarah was claimed by the Pharoah and taken to
his household to be retained as a concubine; in exchange, the
Pharoah gave to Abram many valuable treasures. When the Pharoah
discovered the subterfuge, he returned Sarah to Abram, and
commanded them to leave; but he did not demand that the wealth
of gifts be forfeited, though. And so, Abram, Sarah and Lot
returned to the land of Canaan.
The newly acquired wealth of Abram became a point of contention
between himself and his nephew, Lot. The land did not appear to
be sufficient to sustain the flocks of both Abram and Lot, so
Abram gave Lot the choice of the land. Lot chose the plain of
Jordan, leaving the lands near Hebron for Abram. For his
selflessness, God appeared to Abram and rewarded him with
another promise of a great number of descendants.
2,076 ~ Some years after they had been again in Canaan, Abram
and Sarah (now at the age of seventy-five years) had no
children. Sarah persuaded Abram to lie with her Egyptian
handmaiden, Hagar, who bore Abram a son, who was named Ishmael.
2,062 ~ When Abram reached his ninety-ninth year of age,
again appeared to him, and changed his name to Abraham.
renewed the covenant He had previously made with Abram, assuring
him that his descendants would be very numerous.
2,061 ~ A son, who was named Isaac, was born to Abraham, then
one hundred years of age, and his wife, Sarah, then ninety years
2,036 ~ God submits Abraham to a trial by commanding him to make
a sacrifice of his natural born son, Isaac, who was then
twenty-five years of age. Abraham dutifully commenced the task
of preparing for the sacrifice on Mount Moriah. He was about to
plunge a dagger into the heart of his son, whom he had placed on
the sacrificial alter, but his arm was held by an angel of the
Lord. And because he had been ready to willingly accept the
command of God, even to the point of sacrificing his own son,
the Lord reaffirmed the covenant He had previously made.
The Abrahamic Covenant, which God promised to Abram / Abraham
consisted of six elements:
"I will make of thee a great
"I will bless thee"
"And make thy name great"
"And thou shalt be a blessing"
"I will bless them that bless thee and curse him that
"In thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed"
2,060 to 1,785 ~ The Middle Kingdom of Egypt is brought about by
the monarchs of Thebes by the subjugation of the nomes south of
Thebes, and then by a sweeping northward to Heracleopolis. This
victory is made by Mentuhotep II, who also achieves the
expulsion of foreign (i.e. Asiatic and Libyan) settlers in the
Delta region of the Nile. The Middle Kingdom will be noted for
the advancement of the arts and culture. (Note: some scholars
date the Middle Kingdom between the years 2,040 and 1,750 B.C.)
2,055 ~ Shulgi, apparently upon the orders of NAN.NAR, is sent
to suppress a state of unrest in Canaan with the help of his
Elamite warriors. But he does not stop at the border between
Canaan and Sinai. With no respect for the sacredredness of the Fourth Region on the Sinai Peninsula, Shulgi overruns it and
declares himself the King of the Four Regions.
2,048 ~ According to the Sumerian texts, it is at this time that
EN.LIL called upon Ibru-Um, then residing with his family at
Haran, to proceed southward to secure the sacred Place of the
2,047 ~ After Shulgi’s death, Amar-Sin (i.e. Amraphel) becomes
the king of Ur.
2,041 ~ Amar-Sin, with the help of other kings from the First
Region, under the guidance of INANNA, begins a campaign to
conquer the Fourth Region. He is unsuccessful, though, and the
campaign merely results in increased support for MAR.DUK, who
began to raise an army in the region of Haran after Ibru-Um /
Abram had left it.
MAR.DUK announced to the other Anunnaki that it was his
intention, having suffered enough at their hands for sins he had
truly committed, but for which he had likewise duly paid, that
he was going to re-enter the First Region and establish a temple
there, from which to rule. The time of the Ram was at hand.
With his followers, MAR.DUK moved southward into Sumer and
established his temple at Babylon. His army of followers wreaked
havoc throughout Mesopotamia and defiled the Holy of Holies at Nippur. It became known that it was his ultimate intention to
capture and maintain control of the spaceport known as the Place
of the Celestial Chariots in the Fourth Region on the Sinai
The other Anunnaki met in council and all, including MAR.DUK’s
own brothers, agreed that MAR.DUK’s ambitions to become the
supreme ’god’ among them had to be stopped once and for all.
Only EN.KI voiced a dissenting opinion. It was EN.KI’s opinion
that the rest of the Anunnaki should accept the course of
destiny which foretold MAR.DUK’s supremacy. The others would not
be persuaded to change their plan to stop MAR.DUK.
The Anunnaki agreed that the only thing to be done would be to
destroy the Place of the Celestial Chariots by nuclear weapons
that they called the Weapons of Terror. With the Place of the
Celestial Chariots obliterated, any travel to and from Nibiru
would be closed off to all, but it would be worth it to ensure
that MAR.DUK would be unable to control passage to and from
Nibiru; his notion of ’supremacy’ would be pointless.
It was agreed by the Anunnaki who held council against MAR.DUK,
that NIN.URTA and NER.GAL, sons of EN.LIL and EN.KI, should
carry out the destruction of the Place of the Celestial
2,024 ~ Weapons of Terror are used for the first time on the
planet Earth. The Place of the Celestial Chariots is destroyed
nuclear weapons, and the Evil Wind destroys the Sumerian
With the help of ABGAL, EN.KI had hidden the Weapons of Terror
many shars before, prior to EN.LIL’s arrival on the Earth, to
prevent ALALU from finding and using them. EN.KI believed that
no one but he knew where they were. But unbeknownst to EN.KI,
EN.LIL had discovered the secret hiding place of the Weapons of
EN.LIL informed NIN.URTA and NER.GAL of the mountain in which
the Weapons of Terror had been hidden, and he instructed them on
how to arm them for firing.
EN.LIL urged NIN.URTA and NER.GAL to take care not to harm any
of the Anunnaki who might be at the Place of the Celestial
Chariots, to give them a warning to leave that place before it
should be destroyed. NER.GAL took off in his space chariot, but
NIN.URTA was held back momentarily by his father, EN.LIL. The
special instruction that he should also warn the Earthling, Ibru-Um
/ Abram of the impending attack was given by EN.LIL to his son.
When he arrived at the place wherein the Weapons of Terror were
hidden, NIN.URTA for NER.GAL already starting the ME’s that
would awaken the sleeping weapons. As they were awakened,
NER.GAL gave them tasknames:
One Without Rival
One Who With Terror Crumbles
Wind That The Rim
Of The World Seeks
One Who Above And Below No One Spares
Vaporizer Of Living
When the time was right, EN.LIL gave the signal for NIN.URTA and
NER.GAL to begin. The two headed for Mount Masha in the heart of
the Fourth Region. The first weapon was set on its course by
NIN.URTA. It struck the top of Mount Masha and slicing it off,
the mountain’s insides melted instantly. NIN.URTA then exploded
the next weapon above the Place of the Celestial Chariots, and
the impact of its explosion shook the Earth. The Place of the
Celestial Chariots was leveled in a flash. The forests
surrounding the plain were flattened by the blast.
NER.GAL, not wanting to be outdone, as ERRA the Annihilator,
flew over the valley of the five cities, destroying each one as
he went along with a weapon of terror. The people there, whom NABU was in the act of enlisting for his father’s army, were
vaporized instantly. The mountains surrounding the valley were
pulverized into dust and the ocean’s waters poured in to mix
with the ashes of the cities.
NIN.URTA and NER.GAL, having spent their energy, and the Weapons
of Terror, came to rest and surveyed the damage they had wrought
on the land and cities of the Fourth Region. But they were
perplexed at something that was rising from the destroyed plain.
A dark cloud was rising and within it swirled an Evil Wind. It
continued to grow in size through the day so that it blocked out
the sun, and then when night came, the cloud’s edges glowed with
a brilliance that forebode doom.
The two cousins desperately called out to their fathers to warn
them that the Evil Wind was heading toward the First Region, and
that it was unstoppable. EN.LIL and EN.KI, in turn spread the
warning to the other Anunnaki.
The Evil Wind (i.e. radioactive cloud) blew north and eastward
into the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, moving from Eridu to Sippar, killing all the living things in its path and
laying waste to the land. The water became poisonous and the
soil became barren. People and animals alike died. The great
Sumerian Civilization, the first in the world was destroyed.
Of all the cities in the First Region, only Babili / Babylon,
where MAR.DUK had established his residence was spared - an
occurrence that EN.KI and EN.LIL interpreted as being an omen
that perhaps MAR.DUK was indeed destined to the supremacy among
all the gods / Anunnaki that he had claimed.
Of the Earthlings who had been granted kingship in Sumer, only
Ibru-Um / Abram and his descendants survived to continue the
bloodlines begun with the Adama.
2,000 ~ The Akkadian city of Ur falls to the Amorites, who in
turn establish the cities of Assur, Mari and Babylon.
2,000 ~ The Hittites (i.e. Indo-Europeans) invade Anatolia (i.e.
the region encompassed by present-day Turkey) and begin to
establish their own empire there. By 1,600 B.C., the Hittites
will have control over the region encompassed by the northern
part of present-day Syria.
2,000 ~ The Bronze Age in Scotland begins. It will last until
about 400 B.C.
2,000 ~ The Sumerian King List is compiled. It comprises fifteen
different tables and begins with the phrase:
"When the kingship
was lowered from heaven."
Another ancient Sumerian text also
includes the phrase:
"Kingship had been lowered from heaven...
The exalted tiara and the throne of kingship had been lowered
Each of the scholars who have translated
the Sumerian King List
has translated the text according to their own belief systems
and abilities. Despite the overwhelming amount of evidence that
points to it’s plausibility, many scholars do not accept the
idea that the Earth might have been created out of a collision
between the planets Nibiru and Tiamat, and that life on Earth
might have been a result of that event. As a result, they cannot
accept the shar concept of one Nibiru year equaling 3,600 Earth
years. And therefore they cannot accept the number of years in
which the individual kings were noted as reigning. In the end,
they dismiss the text as being partly fictional. The translation
which follows comes Laurence Gardner’s book, Genesis Of The
Grail Kings and also from the Electronic Text Corpus Of Sumerian
Taken primarily from the Sumerian text, which has been given the
number of W-B/144, the antediluvian and postdiluvian rulers to
the reign of the adappa included the following:
When the kingship was lowered from heaven, kingship was in
Eridu(g). In Eridu(g) AL.LU.LIM became king; he reigned for
28,800 years. A.LAL.GAR reigned for 36,000 years. Two kings;
they ruled for 64,800 years.
Then Eridu(g) fell and the kingship to Bad-tibira was carried.
In Bad-tibira EN.MEN.LU.ANNA reigned for 43,200 years. Then
EN.MEN.GAL.ANNA reigned for 28,800 years. Then DUMU.ZI, the
shepherd, reigned for 36,000 years. Three kings; they ruled for
Then Bad-tibira fell and the kingship to Larak (variously, Larag)
was carried. In Larak EN.SIPA.ZI.ANNA / EN.SIPAD.ZID.ANA reigned
for 28,800 years. One king; he ruled for 28,800 years.
Then Larak fell and the kingship to Sippar (variously, Zimbir)
was carried. In Sippar EN.MEN.DUR.ANNA reigned for 21,000 years.
One king; he ruled for 21,000 years.
Then Sippar fell and the kingship to Shuruppak (variously,
Curuppag) was carried. In Shuruppak UBAR.TUTU / UBARA.TUTU
reigned for 18,600 years. One king; he ruled for 18,600 years.
In five cities eight kings; they ruled for 241,200 years. Then
the Flood swept thereover.
Note: Despite the fact that the Sumerian King List states that
it was during the reign of UBAR.TUTU that the Flood occurred,
and that his reign was followed by that of GA.UR, other Sumerian
texts (and Hebrew tradition) state that it was during the reign
of UBAR.TUTU’s son, ZIUSUDRA / UTNAPISHTIM / NOAH, that the
After the Flood had swept thereover, when the kingship was
lowered from heaven, the kingship was in Kish (variously Kic).
In Kish, GA.UR / JUCUR became king and reigned for 1,200 years.
(For a time -960 years- the Nephilim queen, NIDABA, (variously
GULLA.NIDABA.ANNAPAD), reigned in Kish.) Then KULLASSINA-BEL
(variously PALAKINATIM) reigned for 900 years.
Then NANGISH.LISHMA / NANJICLICMA /
NANGISHKUSHMA reigned for 670 years, 3 months and 3-1/2 days.
Then EN.TARAH.ANA reigned for 420 years. Then BAHINA / BABUM
reigned for 300 years. Then BU.AN.UM / PUANNUM reigned for 840
years. Then KALIBUM reigned for 960 years. Then QALUMU / KALUMUM
/ GALUMUM reigned for 840 years. Then ZUQAQIP / ZUKAPIP reigned
for 900 years. Then ATABBA / ATAB / ABA reigned for 600 years.
2,000 ~ The Hurrians appear throughout Syria and Mesopotamia.
2,000 ~ Proto-Greeks invade the Peloponnesus (i.e. the islands
of present-day south Greece) and establish the Minoan
civilization. A major island city of the Minoan civilization,
Thera, will be destroyed by the eruption of the Santorini
volcano in 1,450 B.C. The Minoan civilization will thrive only
another fifty years, until 1,400 B.C., when its primary
homeland, the island of Crete, is overrun by (Mycenaean)
conquerors from the mainland.
1,900 ~ As the Bronze Age flourishes, the megalithic site of
Stonehenge is constructed, according to most estimates.
1,894 ~ The Amorite Dynasty begins at Babylon.
1,800 ~ The Assyrian empire is established by Shamshi-adad.
1,800 ~ Ceremonial centers are established throughout Peru in
the Western Hemisphere.
1,792 to 1,595 ~ Under King Hammurabi, the kingdom of Babylon
flourishes in the Old Babylonian Period with the city of Babylon
as its center. It encompasses the region that was previously
encompassed by Sumer and Akkad.
1,785 to 1,570 ~ The Hyksos, an influx of Asiatic peoples into
the Delta region of the Nile brings an end to the Middle Kingdom
of Egypt and the end of the XIIth Dynasty, and heralds the
period known as the Second Intermediate Period. The Asiatic
invaders will eventually subject the Egyptians to their rule as
far south as the city of Cusae. The Theban kings will serve as
vassals to the Hyksos kings until circa 1,567 B.C., when Kamose
re-conquers the lands of the Nile Valley and his brother, Amosis
I, recaptures the Hyksos capital of Avaris.
1,760 to 1,750 ~ King Hammurabi issues his set of laws, the Code
of Hammurabi. The Code consists of two hundred and eighty-two
laws. The Akkadian language was made the ’official’ language of
Tribes known as Chaldeans began to move into the Babylonian
Empire, and by intermarrying with the Babylonians, the Chaldean
culture became synonymous with that of the Babylonian culture.
1,760 ~ Jacob / Israel leads his family and descendants into
1,700 to 1,600 ~ The city-states of Asia are brought under the
rule of the Shang dynasty.
1,600 to 1,200 ~ The Mycenaean civilization flourishes in the
region that is encompassed by present-day Greece.
1,595 ~ The Hittites move southward along the Euphrates River
from Anatolia and sack the city of Babylon. The Hittites do not
retain control over the city, though, because their intention is
to continue moving southward to capture Mesopotamia. Their
advance is checked, though, by the Hurrians.
1,595 to 1,155 ~ After the sack of Babylon, the Cassites, a
people residing in the Zagros mountains, seize Babylon. They
will hold the city for nearly four centuries, a period that will
be known as the Middle Babylonian Period.
1,567 ~ Hyksos invaders are repelled by Kamose and Amosis I, and
the ’New Kingdom’ is inaugurated in Egypt. It will exist until
1,090 B.C. It is a period of ’warrior-kings’ which will include Amenophis IV / Akhenaten and Tutankhaten / Tutankhamun, the
first of whom was an avowed worshipper of the god Aten, and the
latter of Amun.
1,550 to 1,500 ~ The Aryans, a people who originated in the Swat
Valley in the region encompassed by present-day Pakistan, move
eastward to destroy the Indus Valley civilization. They will
later move on eastward to the Ganges and from there southward to
dominate the entire center of present-day India.
bring with them one of the earliest religions which still exist
to the present day: Hinduism. The Hindu religion is based on the
idea of many gods who are responsible for the gifts of nature;
one is responsible for providing the warmth of the sun, another
for the air, and so on. Overall reigns Brahma, the Existant One,
who is assisted by Vishnu, the preserver, and Shiva, the
1,550 ~ The walled city of Jericho is destroyed. The Hebrew
tradition states that the walls of Jericho were destroyed by the
army led by the Israelite, Joshua (the successor to Moses), but
the earliest possible date for Joshua to have been involved
would have been 1,400 B.C. The city would later (circa the 9th
Century B.C.) be rebuilt and occupied even after the Exile of
the Israelites (circa 538 B.C.).
1,500 ~ The
Enuma Elish, the epic Babylonian story of Creation
is compiled. The story will be adapted, by later Hebrew scribes
into the first chapters of the Book of Genesis for the Hebrew
1,500 ~ The Egyptians push farther south into the Nubian Desert
and take control of the region inhabited by the Kush as far
south as the Fourth Cataract of the Nile.
1,500 to 1,200 ~ The kingdom of the Sumerian City-States gives
rise to the Middle Assyrian Empire.
1,500 to 1,250 ~ The Hebrews live in bondage in Egypt.
1,450 ~ The composition of the Vedas in the ancient language of
Sanskrit begins in the Indus Valley. The Vedas are hymns of the
1,400 to 1,150 ~ The New Hittite Empire flourishes in the
1,400 ~ The first alphabet type of script is developed by the
1,400 ~ The Minoan civilization is destroyed by invaders from
the mainland of the Peloponnese, apparently the Mycenaeans
1,400 to 1,100 ~ The Mycenaean civilization flourishes in the
region that would become southern Greece.
1,370 to 1,362 ~ Amenophis IV / Akhenaten forces monotheistic
sun worship upon his subjects in Egypt.
1,361 to 1,352 ~ Tutankhaten / Tutankhamun returns Egypt to the
worship of multiple gods, the chief of which was Amun.
1,240 ~ The Jewish religion, and the worship of the monotheistic
god, Jahweh (i.e.
Jehovah), begins with the Covenant of Moses
with Yahweh during the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt.
1,200 ~ The Hittite empire collapses.
1,200 ~ The Greeks destroy the city of Troy in Anatolia.
1,200 to 400 ~ Civilization, in regard to establishment of
social hierarchy, commerce and religion, becomes established in
the western hemisphere in the Olmec of the Mexican Gulf Coast,
the Zapotec of Monte Alban and the Chavin of Peru. They
construct pyramids similar to those constructed in the Nile
1,166 ~ Ramesses III, the last great Egyptian pharaoh dies. With
his death, Egypt comes under the control of Libyan kings who had
been peacefully penetrating Egypt for some years prior.
1,100 to 900 ~ The first Chinese language dictionary is
1,050 to 1,010 ~ Saul reigns in Israel.
1,027 ~ The Shang dynasty of China is overthrown by the Chou
1,010 to 970 ~ David reigns in Israel.
1,010 to 970 ~ The Hebrew alphabet is developed from the Semitic
1,000 ~ The tribes comprising the twelve descendant lines of
Jacob / Israel are united under King David of Judah.
1,000 ~ The Early Iron Age in Italy begins.
1,000 to 700 ~ The presence of a people known as the Arameans in
the region of Assyria gives rise to the empire of the Aramean
City-States. Their particular dialect, Aramaic, will be the
language in which the early Hebrew gospels will be initially
1,000 to 300 ~ The Phoenicians, a seafaring people who have had
a presence along the easternmost coast of the Mediterranean Sea,
become more settled, and those settlements unite in the empire
of the Phoenician City-States.
994 ~ Teutonic tribes in Central Europe move westward to the
970 to 930 ~ Solomon reigns in Israel.
930 ~ Following the death of King Solomon, the nation of Israel
splits into Judah in the south, with Jerusalem as its capital
city, and Israel in the north, with Samaria as its capital city.
Upon King Solomon’s death, his son, Rehoboam succeeded to the
throne of Israel. The northern tribes had felt an allegiance to
David who had joined them together into a single nation, but
that feeling of allegiance began to dissipate during Solomon’s
reign. Then, when Solomon died, they lost interest altogether,
and chose to discontinue as part of the unified nation.
According to the Hebrew Bible in the book of I Kings, chapter
12, verse 16:
When all Israel saw that the king would not listen
to them, the people answered the king ’What share do we have in
David? We have no inheritance in the son of Jesse. To your
tents, O Israel! Look now to your house, O David’.
900 ~ The region of Kush breaks off of Egypt to become an
independent kingdom. The Kushites are black-skinned Nubians who
have coexisted peacefully with the Egyptians, their northern
neighbors, and conquerors, for centuries, but who finally desire
810 ~ Phoenician seafaring traders establish the city of
Carthage on the northern coast of Africa, in the region that
will become Tunisia.
800 ~ The writer, Homer, composes his two epics, the Iliad and
776 ~ The first Olympic Games are held in Greece.
753 ~ Rome is founded on the Tiber River in Italy.
750 ~ The Kush invade and conquer Egypt.
747 to 539 ~ The Kingdom of Babylon proceeds as the
721 ~ The kingdom of Israel is conquered by the Assyrians. The
Jews are dispersed throughout the Mediterranean world.
661 to 332 ~ The Late Dynastic Period arises in Egypt
650 ~ The Iron Age in China begins.
609 ~ The Assyrian Empire collapses.
605 to 520 ~ The founder of Taoism, Lao-Tse, lives during this
604 ~ King Nebuchadnezzar II claims the throne of Babylon.
601 ~ The kingdom of Judah becomes a vassal state to Babylon.
587 ~ The kingdom of Judah falls to the Babylonians.
586 ~ The first books of the Hebrew Bible are written.
581 ~ King Nebuchadnezzar II invades Palestine and burns
563 to 483 ~ The religious teacher, Siddhartha Gautama, founder
of Buddhism, lives during this period.
559 to 331 ~ Cyrus the Great (559 - 530) reigns over the Persian
Empire following his overthrow of King Nabonidus. He will be
followed by the strong leadership of Darius I (522 - 486),
Xerxes (485 - 465) and Artaxerxes (465 - 424). It is by the
Decree of King Cyrus the Great in 538 B.C., that the Temple of
the Jews in Jerusalem is rebuilt.
551 ~ The sage, Confucius is born.
550 ~ Arabs begin to cross the Red Sea to settle throughout
539 ~ The Greeks defeat Carthage.
539 ~ The Persian Empire conquers Babylon.
537 to 445 ~ The Israelites return to Judah to once again join
as a single nation.
509 ~ The Roman Republic is founded. The Etruscan peoples who
had originally settled along the Tiber River, on the peninsula
that would later become known as Italy, were subdued and driven
out by the new, Roman, culture.
500 ~ The Adena culture flourishes in the North American
Continent in the region that would later be known as the Ohio
490 ~ The Battle of Marathon results in a defeat for the
Persians, at the hands of the Athenians, and the end of the
First Persian War.
431 to 404 ~ The Great Peloponnesian War takes place between the
Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta.
305 to 51 ~ The Ptolemaic Dynasty begins with the reign of
Ptolemy I between 305 and 282.
280 ~ The Roman Empire, which had started as a loose
confederation of city-states, succeeds in either conquering or
absorbing the surrounding tribes, until the whole of the Italian
peninsula is united.
241 ~ The Carthaginians on the island of Sicily are ousted by
202 ~ Carthage is sacked by the Romans.
160 ~ Macedonian Greece is conquered by the Roman Empire, which
now completely encircles the Mediterranean Sea.
100 ~ The writing of the books of the Old Testament of the
Hebrew Bible are completed.
61 to 49 ~ The Roman Army under the Emperor, Julius Caesar,
conquers Spain and Gaul.
4 ~ Jesus, the Christ, is born in Judaea.