For centuries there have existed certain esoteric schools of mystical philosophy originating apparently in several Oriental currents of thought meeting in the Levant, Egypt, and the near East.


We find in these schools elements of Buddhism, Zoroastrianism and Egyptian occultism mingled with Grecian mysteries, Jewish Kabalism, and fragments of ancient Syrian cults. Out of the hotch-potch of Oriental philsophy, magic, and mythology arose in the earlier centuries of the Christian era numerous Gnostic sects, and after the rise of Mohammedanism, several heretical sects among the followers of Islam - such as the Ismaelites, Druses, and Assassins - which found their inspiration in the House of Wisdom in Cairo.


To the same sources may be traced the ideas that inspired such political-religious movements of the Middle Ages as those of the Illuminati, Albigenses, Cathari, Waldenses, Troubadours, Anabaptists, and Lollards. To the same inspirations must be assigned the rise of early secret societies.


The Templars are said to have been initiated by the Assassins into anti-Christian and subversive mysteries, and we find similar traces of an old and occult origin in the Alchemists, the Rosicrucians, and the later mystical cults of which Swedenborgian is a familiar example.

(From an article publish in the Patriot by G.G. or “Dargon” titled “The Anatomy of Revolution,” 1922)

In this short extract, “Dargon” gives us a summary of what will be found by any serious investigator of the secret societies of the world - that they are all connected and all derive from a similar if not the same source.


This same source may also be traced through the infamous Essene - the Jewish brotherhood who took themselves off to Damascus, Qumran, and there set about reinvigorating their strict methods of control based upon their very ancient religious belief systems, which themselves may indeed be traced into Egypt.


From these white-robed “Shining” brothers can be found a connection that speaks volumes, and I recommend any serious reader to look their way for answers on origin.


One thing is sure, as Le Couteulx de Canteleu said in his Les Sectes et Societes Secretes published in 1863:

All secret societies have almost analogous initiations, from the Egyptian to the Illuminati, and most of them form a chain and give rise to others.

This “analogous” form running through all secret societies, apart from the strict method of control, is the underlying belief in and worship of the stars - the sky.


It is this element that named them the Shining Ones, and it is this element that is still at the root of so much misinterpreted symbolism. Even the Holy Vehm were “wissends” who had the sun and the stars as symbols of power.


This worship of the stars was known as Sabeism and the high Mason Albert Pike in Secret Societies and Subversive Movements by Nesta H. Webster pointed out:

The seven great primitive nations, from whom all others are descended, the Persians, Chaldeans, Greeks, Egyptians, Turks, Indians, and Chinese, were all originally Sabeists and worshipped the stars.

The very power of understanding the stars was jealously guarded by all priesthoods around the world - from Aztec to Egyptian.


In each case, the role of the priest was to interpret the movements of the stars, sun, and moon, in order to better predict the future, and for navigation. This jealousy forged ciphers, codes, and symbols. It forced the hiding and destruction of implements and tools of the trade.


Many of the Freemasonic symbols we see today were never meant for building - they were meant for astronomy. The Holy Vehm also had a secret that reveals this - the stick, stone, string, and grass were implements used to measure. The stone tied to the string, attached to the stick, and placed in the ground were used for “ruling” the ground, a mystical and also very real device.

These secrets of the stars were deemed mystical - for the populace could not understand how such magic was done and these secrets were passed from one generation to the next by initiates and adepts. This is how the long thread has been woven - generation following generation, passing on knowledge and keeping it hidden. Eventually and often, the secret brotherhoods no longer know why they keep their odd symbols secret and why they say the strange invocations.


But, through their traditions and by their dedication to their brothers, they keep alive a rich tapestry that can be broken down and reinterpreted. The truth is almost never to be found in the picture we see before us, and so we must pull hard on the thread and begin to unravel the tapestry one generation at a time.


My good friend and author Crichton Miller summed this up in the very title of his book the Golden Thread of Time, which itself reveals the true astronomy (naming of stars) and indeed astrology (logic of the stars) of our ancient friends.


According to Le Couteulx de Canteleu, the priests or leading men of the organizations followed the Egyptian hierarchy.

  • In the first instance there was the priest, who alone could do magic and contact the gods.

  • In the second we shall find the greater initiates, those chosen from amongst the people and who must maintain secrecy at all costs and protect the priesthood.

  • Thirdly, the lesser initiates who were only told things that were deemed proper.

In this hierarchical trinity we see an exact plan of most if not all of the world’s secret societies.


The majority of Freemasons today would fall into the category of the lesser initiates - they are only aware of what they are told, and being kept at this distance and level of knowledge they seek no more, because they know of no more. Only at the highest degrees in Freemasonry are the real secrets maintained, and yet there have been some who claim to have been higher level initiates or indeed “priests” and who have since “spilled the beans.”


Anybody who has seen these supposed secrets of white powdered gold and even Jewish conspiracy plots will know that this is misinformation at best and money-making at worst.

In this unique compendium of thoughts and research from across a spectrum of subjects relating to secret societies we have learned a great many things. One of those things is not to believe everything we are told. I should not have to state this so obviously in the 21st century, because ancient philosophers told us this a long time ago.


The sad fact is that due to new generations emerging all the time we tend to learn very little and to leave the past behind. Each generation has to start from scratch and tends to look forward, forgetting that our past holds intelligent and thought provoking answers to questions that are and will always be relevant.


Because we begin each generation fresh and new, we also do not “see” the thread running through each generation from the one before - the thread of the secret society.

In the last century we had the emergence of psychology and psychoanalysis and the clever new words that came with them. But are we so arrogant to think that we invented the discovery of human psychological problems? This is of course utter rubbish, Psyche herself was a Greek goddess. For thousands of years man has sought answers to his own inner reality, the only thing that has changed radically is the wording. Now we say somebody is psychotic, our ancestors would have said they were touched by the spirits.


But are we any more advanced than our ancestors? 90 percent of the globe still believe in God; we still rage war in the name of religion; we still pollute the environment and destroy our own home. There is in fact anthropological evidence to prove that very ancient man was actually peaceful, living in harmony with his neighbor and even respected the earth and lived in balance with it.


The evidence then shows that as society grew and more people occupied smaller spaces, minor wars erupted and even, violent sacrifices. The evidence also shows that small bands of men gathered together to control those who fought. These small bands emerged as our kings and queens, medicine men and priests and of course our secret societies.

There is a lesson here for us all. Just one hundred years ago there was one billion people on the planet. Now there is six billion and it is growing out of all proportion. Six billion people can do a lot of harm to themselves and the environment, thus destroying the whole for everybody. Without balance, without wisdom, without knowledge, then where are we heading? I never once mentioned greed, money, capitalism did I? They do not enter into the equation of such a simple debate, but they are dark sides of the anthropological argument.

We have seen in the various articles in this compendium that man also collects himself together into groups, like fish in a school or birds in a flock.


These groups become religions, secret societies, governments, in fact just about any group. There is a simple reason for this grouping and it is exactly the same for the animals. We form together for protection against predators - there is strength in numbers. Whether you are a Freemason or a Boy Scout, the ultimate reason you join forces with others of like-race and like-mind is because you see strength and protection.


Why is it then that some individuals take themselves away from these groups? I myself have been invited to join many secret societies and groups. I have even turned down offers of honorary degrees.


Why? Because I am confident, self empowered and have my own mind.


I fear no man, I fear no society or culture. I strive to learn more about them all and to thereby be yet more empowered, because knowledge builds strength and joined with my own will it creates a confidence that is true enlightenment.

We may think and believe that the kundalini or some other spark in the bio-chemical and electric brain is enlightenment, but it is not. Our masters feed us filth and keep us in the dark. We are told what to be like, what to buy, what to do and say. We no longer need to know ourselves, the television has all the answers.


But the fact is, what we see on the television is a reflection of greed, money and capitalism and these can easily be the dark forces of human nature. Light and dark are opposite sides of the same coin. Balance is like a coin placed upon its edge and like a coin it can easily be knocked over.

I desire a good life for my family, but that does not have to include a range of cars, a yacht in every port or another million. I am not a communist, I am a realist and the reality is that while one man has, another does not. My evolutionary instinct is to gather goods, property and wealth for the bad times ahead, to see me through the winter or the coming storm.


The down side of this is that we grow that divisive side of our nature, greed, and somebody somewhere suffers.

The ancient Chinese texts tell us that mankind has been in this situation before many times and that his greed and “noise” has brought his civilization crashing down to the ground.


How close are we to doing it yet again?


How “noisy” are you?

Back to Contents




Chapter 1
1. In the Blood by Steve Jones (Harper Collins) 1996.
2. The Copper Scroll Decoded by Robert Feather (Thorsons) 1999.

Chapter 2
1. Woman’s Mysteries. Esther Harding (Rider) 1971.
2. Human Antiquity. Feder and Park (Mayfield Publishing) 1993.
3. Stars and Snakes and Shining The stars are relevant to the story we have portrayed here, and they will take on more importance the deeper we probe into the history of the Shining Serpents. The major players have of course been immortalized themselves in the stars, and we can see with Ophiucus and Serpens their position in the sky was very important. The very act of placing them in the sky as gods with celestial power shows their importance. In fact it is highly likely that often the human on the ground was simply a mirror image of the pattern and movement of the celestial objects in the sky. Ophiucus is positioned between Sagittarius and stretches just east of the head of Hercules to Scorpio. Partly in the Milky Way, it is divided equally by the celestial equator. The classical scholars united Opiuchus (serpent holder) with Serpens (the snake) and created a great image in the sky of Aesculapius - the ancient snake healer. “He who holds the serpent...they will struggle forever, since they wage war on equal terms with equal powers.” One to poison and one to heal - the two opposites seen in the enlightenment experience and giving rise to the Shining.
Aesculapius was the ship’s surgeon on the Argo - associated with Jason and the Argonauts who went in search of the Golden Fleece, guarded by serpents/dragons and said to bring people back to life and bestow immortality. The word hygiene comes from Hygeia, one of the daughters of Aesculapius, and panacea, the cure-all, comes from his other daughter, Panacea.
Serpens was seen by the ancients as the healing one in the sky, and with Ophiucus he is one of the Psylli of Libya, the snake healers. Biblical writers said this constellation was Aaron with his serpent staff, or Moses.
The annual birth of the sun and therefore Christ/Dionysus/Krishna and many more solar deities, is accompanied by the bright star, which was Sirius or Sothis, or even the planet Venus. It is also joined by the 3 stars of Orion’s belt, which are the three wise men or Magi.
The sun enters each zodiacal sign at 30 degrees and so the sun king or god enters his ministry at 30 years. The sun is the carpenter that builds the mansions of the zodiac.
When it is said that Christ (or indeed the others) walked on water, this is a mirror of the sun, which appears to walk on water with its reflection.
The sun loses its strength at the end of the year, at the same time the Scorpio constellation is seen in the sky. Scorpio is Judas Iscariot - the backbiter, which is an analogy of the method that scorpions use to strike.

Chapter 3
1. Kashyapa warned Buddha that there was only one hut available, and that a malevolent Naga occupied it. Buddha was not phased by this and went to the hut regardless. However, a terrific struggle ensued culminating in the hut bursting into flames. The onlookers drenched the flames, but they had to wait until morning to find that Buddha had survived. The Buddha emerged with his begging bowl in his arms and inside was a peaceful, coiled snake. The Buddha had slain the dragon of its fiery notions and emerged with a beneficial result.
2. See The Serpent Grail by Philip Gardiner with Gary Osborn (Watkins), 2005.
3. Baphe means to submerge, metis means wisdom, and therefore Baphomet could simply mean “to be submerged in wisdom.”
4. The blood of course is seen the world over as the life force, or life energy of the body. It was sacred to the Hebrews especially, but not in isolation.
Christ spilling his almost Tantric energy into the place of the skull is therefore invigorating the skull into which it falls - making Golgotha a very sacred place or relic.
5. The Nagas are serpent worshippers from India.
6. The seven days are of course an allusion to the seven levels of the coiled serpent, or kundalini awakening, whereby the serpent energies are visualized and raised in balance into the head, and one becomes a Buddha or enlightened one.

Chapter 5
1. Shining Serpent In Genesis 3:1 the fundamentalist Christians believe incorrectly that they have sighted the first mention of Satan. He is to them called “the serpent.” One of the Hebrew words for serpent is nachash and means “to shine” or “shining, upright creature.” This is a positive indication that the nachash were not really snakes at all, but instead Shining upright beings and that serpent and shining go hand in hand. In Chaldee it means brass or copper, because of its shining, just as the word Nehushtan means “a piece of brass,” in 2 Kings 18.4. Note how it was the Lord who ordered Moses to lift up the Brass Serpent in the wilderness, so that people might be saved. Moses was indeed a Shining One. (Num. 21.8 - ”make thee a fiery serpent” or “make thee a shining serpent”). Nachash seems to be interchangeable with Saraph or Seraph, to shine. In 2 Corinthians 11.3 the Nachash that fooled Eve is spoken of as an angel of light or a shining one. Eve as the female serpent was responding to a Shining One. Adam too is implicated as a Shining One when we discover that in the Hebrew Genesis, “His skin was a bright garment, shining like his nails; when he sinned this brightness vanished, and he appeared naked” (Targ. Yer. Gen. iii. 7; Gen. R. xi.; Adam and Eve, xxxvii.). The Aztec Quetzalcoatl - the plumed serpent - is seen in many dialects of the area. In Itzan it was Cuculcan and in Quichuan it was Amaute. But what we find in all of these is the same etymology. In all instances he is the plumed serpent, but also wise teacher. He is also the “golden or shining serpent.” In Norse myth, and more specifically the work of Ulf, we have the serpent that Odin battles referenced:
“Vidgymnir of Vimur’s ford [Thor] struck the ear-bed [head] from the shining snake by the waves.”
The etymology of that other serpent creature the dragon also reveals some impressive insights. According to the Oxford English Dictionary (1966), dragon is derived from the Old French, which in turn was derived from the Latin dracon, which in turn was derived from the Greek spakov, which means “serpent” and is from the Greek verb spakelv or “to see clearly.” It is thus always related to sight. In the Sanskrit darc, which means “to see”; Avestic darstis means “sight,” Old Irish derc is “eye,” Old English torht, Old Saxon torht and Old High German zoraht, all meaning “clear,” “bright,” or “shine.“
The roots of the word can be traced back to early Indo-European tongues and right into the Indian continent - the home today of the serpent Kundalini enlightenment experience.
2. Giant comes from ge genis meaning “from the earth.” Giants also comes from the word Gigantes, as in the Maltese giant stones Ggantija. So breaking the word down gives us gi gant. Gant is “stones” and Gi or Ga is “big” - giant is therefore “big stone.” The Watchers who were also called giants are therefore also big stones and are now associated through etymology to the big stones of the world. These stones were seen as stars on Earth, fallen like the meteors and worshipped by the likes of the Calani.
Anak was the giant of the Bible who spawned the Anakim, living on both sides of the river Jordan like the Rephaim. The Nephilim were the offspring of the sons of God (Watchers, Angels and giants) and ordinary women.
Charlemagne was said to be a giant and was so strong he could squeeze together three horseshoes. Goliath of Gath’s height was said to be 6 cubits. Og was the King of Bashan and the remnant of the Rephaim. Uranus and Gaia were hurled to the earth by Hercules and buried under Mount Etna. Scandinavian giants inhabited Jotunheim.
Jack and the Beanstalk is like the David and Goliath story of the Bible - a giant-slaying legend. Jack originated in Cornwall. According to tradition, he lived for 3,000 years and walked beside the ark (or even crept inside it).
Porus was an Indian Giant King who is said to have fought against Alexander the Great.
The Giant’s Causeway in Ireland is a natural formation of 40,000 basaltic columns projecting into the sea, fabled to be the beginning of a Giant’s road. Similar natural phenomena are claimed to be the doing of Giants such as:
Giant’s Loom, Giant’s Well, Giant’s Organ, Giant’s Peep-hole, Giant’s Eye-glass, and Giant’s Chair. The Giant’s Ring in County Down is a stone circle similar to Stonehenge. St. Michael’s Mount in Cornwall is said to have been built by the giants Cormoran and Cormelian.
War - the giants had a war with Zeus in Greek myth. This was a revolt by the giants against Zeus, which was put down with the aid of Hercules, who threw Uranus and Gaia to earth. It strangely matches the war in heaven between the Watchers and the Shining Ones - where Lucifer and other “angels” are cast down to earth.

3. Taautus (Taut) or Hermes Said by Eusebius to be the originator of serpent worship in Phoenicia. Sanchoniathon called Thoth a god and says that he made the first image of Coelus and invented hieroglyphs. This links him with Hermes Trismegistus, also known as Thoth in Egypt. Taautus consecrated the species of dragons and serpents, and the Phoenicians and Egyptians followed him in this superstition. This Taautus could very well be a memory of the first group who began the worship of the serpent after the flood or end of th last ice age 12,000 years ago. The idea of Taautus links precisely with the stories of Thoth, who later became a great sage of Gnostic and alchemical beliefs. Thoth was deified after his death (a time that nobody knows) and given the title “the god of health” or “healing.” He was the prototype for Aesculapius and identified with Hermes and Mercury. All healers, all wise, all teachers, all saviors, all associated with the serpent for their powers, and all central to the belief systems of secret societies. Indeed, it was as the healing god that Thoth was symbolized as the serpent - whereas he is normally represented with the head of an Ibis and Baboon. The Letter or Symbol “Tau” is the first letter of Taautus, Tammuz and Thoth, and is thought to be the “Mark of Cain,” a symbol of hidden treasure.
4. Cord
The cord is seen in many of the world’s religions and all have similar meanings. It can mean to tie oneself to the divinity, thus linking it to the other aspect of freedom from the bonds. The Golden Cord of Zeus holds the universe, and to connect to this universe is the prime directive of the Shaman. In the Iranian myths the cord is passed around the waist three times for good action, thought, and word.
The Shaman uses a cord to symbolize his own umbilical cord, and with it he can access “other worlds” - or the enlightenment aspect. The cord was also symbolic of the serpent encircling the globe. In the form of a rope the Tibetans saw it as a connective device between heaven and earth - as did several other groups. It was also seen as a ladder, a tree, and a bridge to heaven. In Hinduism, Gnosis was termed the “hidden rope of ascension.” In Babylonian and Sumerian myths, the rope was the bond or union between god and mankind, known as the mystical link.
The Knights Templar were accused of using a cord in their rituals: “Item, that they surrounded or touched each head of the aforesaid idol with small cords, which they wore around themselves next to the shirt or the flesh.”

Chapter 8
1. See:
2. John Bathurst Dean in Worship of the Serpent Traced Throughout the World and its Traditions Referred to the Events in Paradise (1830). Deane also believed that the Kaaba or Caabir of the Muslims - which was a conical stone - resolved itself into Ca Ab Ir - the “Temple of the Serpent Sun.”
Avebury is a huge British temple and stone monument erected at least 2000–2600 B.C. in the shape of a serpent if seen from the sky. Today it is a world heritage site, and one of Europe’s largest, encompassing a small hamlet and enclosed by a massive ditch, which required the movement of 200,000 tons of rock, chipped away by the crudest of tools. The circle itself was originally composed of 98 stones (but alas only 27 remain) and was erected around 2500 B.C. The two smaller inner circles were probably erected around 2600 B.C. Leading away from this is the avenue that snakes along, and it was Stukely, the antiquarian, who first noted that the ground plan of the Avebury complex was the representation of a serpent passing through a circle - forming what he believed to be a popular alchemical symbol.
In essence, the serpent is the symbol of the power or energy and indeed wisdom that is derived from the sun - something our ancestors closely associated with life. Of course, the precession of the earth is also built into Avebury, so one could easily discover, as if by magic, where and when in the great cycle one was. This skill was past down from priest to priest as a sacred secret, for power was truly wielded by those who knew such things - in fact it was the ability to “measure” or “rule.” It aided the growth of crops, the navigation of the seas and land, and matched the great cycles of the gods in heaven.
The archaeology of the area shows that people used to walk outside of the pathway of the serpent, leaving the inner pathway for the priests.
This was the way of the living to new life. The dead had their own methods - via places such as Newgrange in Ireland, but here in Avebury, via the tombs such as those of West Kennet close by.
Tyrian cousins frequently depicted a serpent squeezing between two upright stones, which the Greeks called Petrae Ambrosiae; noting that Ambrosia is the nectar and Elixir of the gods. According to 19th century archaeologist, Bryant, Stonehenge was seen as these amber stones, as nearby is Amesbury - previously Ambrosbury.
On a recent trip to Avebury I was perplexed at the shape of a large number of the stones in the main circle. They appeared to be great arrows that had fallen down to earth, burying the tip in the ground. Then I recalled the three snakes found in the heart of Meich (Irish myth). Could these be precursors to the heart shape we know today? Could this be where the symbolic shape for the heart came from? It is a long stretch of the imagination to see this though, and taking into account the fact that every other stone is tall and straight, we have to assume that they were male and female shapes. Indeed I have just returned from Malta where I noted the walls of the great Mnadjra temple was made up in exactly the same way: tall upright, large oblong. Remembering that these structures were contemporary and that Malta was itself overrun with serpent and mother deity worship, there is little doubt that these ancient stone monuments are related in some way.
Of course, in other parts of the symbolical world the snake’s head is seen as an arrowhead or spearhead and the body a straight line. We also cannot discount the fact that serpents were seen quite often as entwining the great phallus in the Caduceus form of fertility. In this respect we would have the various and most ancient images of the serpent, not just in layout but also in structure.

“On the ancient Norman font in Abury Church there is a mutilated figure, dressed apparently in the Druidical priestly garb, holding a crozier in one hand, and clasping an open book to his breast with the other, although when we visited the church the ‘book’ could easily also be a chalice. Two winged dragons or serpents are attacking and biting the feet of this figure on either side. May not this be designed to represent the triumph of Christianity over Druidism, in which there was MUCH VENERATION entertained for this serpent and serpent worship?”

These are remarks made by a past Vicar of Avebury. After spending many hours in the cool, fusty air of the little church at Avebury, staring at the image, it is my view that the serpents “biting” the druid’s feet are actually subdued by the priest rather than attacking him. He is revealing his wisdom, controlling the serpents of opposition, order, and chaos, just as so many thousands of other depictions from around the world reveal.
Close to Avebury is West Kennet Long Barrow, situated on a high rise of land that overlooks Silbury Hill - Europe’s largest man-made mound, built up with stepped chalk and covered in chalk to smooth it off. This hill was pure white in its heyday, shining across the landscape; much like the whitewashed Great Pyramid in Egypt, built at the same time.
West Kennet is a small but magical place, built similar to Newgrange in a cruciform shape from the air. Archaeologists also discovered that there was a semicircular ceremonial area at the top of the T cross, making an Ankh if viewed from above.
Another strange coincidence that struck me, and one I later confirmed against other sites, was the layout of the interior of the tomb. Imagine an upright with two parallel horizontals at equal distances apart and you have the Cross of Lorraine. This would not really have struck me had it not been for the blatant fact that the Cross of Lorraine was a symbol for poison, the trinity (the Celtic goddess trinity, Tricephalic Heads, and so on) and a symbol used by the Templars. These relationships should have nothing to do with each other but for the fact that the thread of the snake connects all these areas. But, add into this the fact that nobody is sure where the Lorraine symbol originated, and then we indeed have a mystery. Other burial mounds viewed from above look just like the cross, as if the bodies and ceremonies were being somehow played upon this “sacred shape.” It is a shape that is hidden beneath the ground and not a shape seen openly - as if this were the three-dimensional aspect of the symbol, a stairway to the other realm. In fact, many of the actual stairways from the period that we know of were in this very shape, indicating a kind of copycat symbolism - from reality into mystery.
3. Hargrave Jennings, Ophiolatreia.
4. Deane, The Worship of the Serpent Traced Throughout the World.
5. Chivim is a Hebrew word, meaning “sons of the female serpent” (or Eve) and may imply a greater knowledge of this journey from a Judaic perspective.

Chapter 9
1. Borchant, Mysticism.
2. James Pritchard, Solomon and Sheba (1974), p.35.
3. Wilhelm Bacher and Ludwig Blau, Shamir.

Chapter 11
1. Brahma is the subtle life-force or the spirit itself and Saraisvati was the River of Life. See The Wonder that was India by A. L. Basham, Fontana Ancient History, 1967.
2. Mahadeva, one of Siva’s names, is often represented with a snake entwined around his neck, arms, and hair. His consort, Parvati, is likewise represented. Bhairava, the Avatar of Siva, sits upon the coils of a serpent, whose “head rises above that of the gods.” According to Hyde Clarke & C. Staniland Wake in Serpent and Siva Worship, Siva is the same as Rudra, the healer, and is called the King of Serpents. He is depicted with a garland of skulls, symbolizing time measured in years, the changing of ages. He is called sometimes Nagabhushana Vyalakalpa or “having serpents round his neck” and Nagaharadhrik or “wearing serpent-necklaces” and also Nagaendra, Nagesha, or “king of Nagas” is also known as Nakula, the “mongoose,” which means one who is immune from the venom of the snake.
3. See Gnosis: The Secret of Solomon’s Temple Revealed by Philip Gardiner.
4. The word emerald comes from the Greek smaragdos, which simply means “green stone” - although true emeralds have been popular for well over 4,000 years. Cleopatra, the famous Queen of Egypt who died from the bite of an Asp, was fond of them - and more than any other gem! She had the emerald mined near Aswan. The emerald is found on Jewish breastplates and is used as Indian Talismans. Spaniards stole it during the conquest of South America and the Incas held it in high veneration. It is said to cure fevers, epilepsy, leprosy, dysentery, opthalmia, bleeding, liver problems, and stings from venomous beasts. It was also strangely said to “blind” serpents.
The Emerald Tablet is a summary of alchemical thought - existing in Arabic and Greek - and mainly having roots in Roman and Greek alchemy, especially that of Hermes - thus bringing to mind that it must originate from the same source as the Dionysiac Architects or the Roman Collegia.
One of the earliest recordings of its existence is from an 8th century Arabic work. Some relate the Emerald to the Sacro Catino of Genoa, the supposed Holy Grail, said to have been in the possession of the Queen of Sheba, and was made from green or emerald glass.
It was believed that a physician named Galienus, who called it the Table of Zaradi, recovered the Tablet from the Thrice Great Hermes. Many believe Galienus to be the surgeon Galen, but others believe it to be a mistranslation of Balinas (Apollonius of Tyana). If this is the case, then the Emerald Tablet of the great serpent deity, Hermes, would be coming directly from the sage who visited the Naga (serpent) kings of India and Kashmir and who is himself said to be long-lived.
The term Zaradi derives from the word for “underground cave” or “chamber” and alludes to an “otherworldly” domain - possibly the Shamanic Underworld.
Other people said to have discovered the Tablet are equally incorporated into the serpent worship story: Alexander the Great and Zara (Sarah) - the wife of Abraham - who is said to have taken it from the hands of Hermes just after the flood.

Chapter 12
1. Coelus was the Roman god of the heavens and is identified with Uranus of the Greeks.
2. Labyrinth means double-headed axe just like the Hammer of Thor, and Thor‘s name is linked with that of Thoth.
3. John Bathurst Dean, in Worship of the Serpent Traced Throughout the World and its Traditions Referred to the Events in Paradise (1830).

Chapter 17
1. The Trail of the Serpent, by Inquire Within, no publisher, 1940s.
2. Ibid.

Back to Contents





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Baigent. Ancient Traces. London: Viking Press, 1998.
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