So we now have some idea of the tools available to the
“spy-chiatrists.” How have these tools been used?
This question necessarily involves some detective work. The Central
Intelligence Agency, under duress, provided some, though not enough,
documentation of its efforts to commandeer “the space between our
ears.” We know that these efforts were extensive, long-term, and at
least partially successful. We know also that these experiments used
human subjects. But who? When?
One paradox of this line of inquiry is that, for many readers, the
victims elicit sympathy only insofar as they remain anonymous.
Intellectually, we realize that MKULTRA and its allied projects must
have affected hundreds, probably thousands, of individuals.
react with deep suspicion whenever one of these individuals steps
forward and identifies himself, or whenever an independent
investigator argues that mind control has directed some newsworthy
person’s otherwise inexplicable actions. Where, the skeptic may
rightfully ask, is the documentation supporting such accusations?
Most of the MKULTRA “paper trail” was (allegedly) burnt at Richard
Helms’ order; what’s left has been censored, leaving black ink
smudges wherever the names originally appeared.
Claimed mind control
victims can, for the most part, only give us testimony - and how
reliable can such testimony be, especially in light of the fact that
one purpose of MKULTRA was to induce insanity? Anyone asserting that
he was victimized by the program might well be seeking an extrinsic
excuse for his own psychopathology. If you say that you are a
manufactured madman, you were probably mad to begin with: Catch 22.
When John Marks wrote
The Search for the “Manchurian Candidate”
received numerous letters from people insisting that they had been
drugged, “waved,” or otherwise abused by the CIA or the military.
Most of these communications went directly into his crank file.
Perhaps many deserved that destination; I know of at least one that
Marks did, however, devote much attention to Val Orlikov, a former
“patient” of perhaps the most notorious figure in the annals of
American medical crime:
Dr. Ewen Cameron, a CIA-funded scientist
heading the Allan Memorial Institute at McGill University, Montreal,
Canada. Cameron, a highly-respected mental health researcher,
experimented with a technique he called “psychic driving,” a
brainwashing program which involved inflicting upon a subject an
endless tape loop blaring selected messages, 16-to-24 hours a day,
combined with massive electroshock and LSD. The project’s “guinea
pigs” were patients who had come to Allan Memorial with relatively
minor psychological complaints.
Cameron’s experiments failed and his
theories were discredited, which may explain why the CIA and its
apologists now feel relatively comfortable discussing the Frankensteinian efforts at Allan Memorial, as opposed to more
successful work elsewhere.
Orlikov’s testimony has received much respectful attention from
those writers who have examined MKULTRA, and correctly so. When I
studied the files at the National Security Archives, I was
particularly keen to read her original letters to John Marks, for
these pages had led to the unmasking of an especially heinous CIA
The letters, interestingly enough, proved just as vague,
disjointed, and bizarre as similar correspondence which researchers
routinely dismiss. Orlikov can’t be blamed for the hazy nature of
her recollections; a certain amount of fog is to be expected, given
the nature of the crime perpetrated against her. The important point
is that her story, ultimately, was found to be true. All of which
leads me to wonder: Why did her claims prompt investigation when
those of others prompt only dismissal?
Perhaps the answer lies in
the fact that Orlikov’s husband became a Canadian Member of
Parliament. Any victims of CIA experimentation who wish to be taken
seriously ought, perhaps, first make sure to marry well.
Of course, we can easily forgive previous writers and readers whose
researches into MKULTRA have been biased in favor of
complacency. But we can’t let this natural prejudice cripple our
Let us examine, then, a few of the “horror
stories” from the mind control literature and highlight possible
correlations to abductee testimony.
Palle Hardrup’s “Guardian Angel”
As mentioned previously, I have not delved much into the subject of
hypnosis in this paper - primarily because of space and time
limitations, but also because discussions of the possibilities of
hypnosis per se tend to cloud the issue of its use in conjunction
with the above-mentioned electronic techniques.
hypnosis is a major weapon in the mind controller’s armament; in a
forthcoming full-length work, I intend to deal with this subject at
much greater length.
Needless to say, one of the primary objectives of MKULTRA and
related projects was to determine whether one could hypnotically
induce someone to commit an anti-social act. This possibility
remains one of the most hotly-debated issues in hypnosis, for
conventional wisdom asserts that no individual can be hypnotized to
commit an action which violates his interior moral code.
Martin Orne, editor of the prestigious
International Journal of Clinical
and Experimental Hypnosis agrees with this axiom,
and he is in a
position to codify much of the established view on this topic. Orne,
however, is a veteran of MKULTRA, and furthermore seems to have lied
- at least in his original communications - to author John Marks
about his witting involvement with subproject 84.
respect much of Orne’s ground-breaking work, his pronouncements do
not hold, for this layman, an Olympian unassailability.
To be sure, many other hypnosis experts, untainted by Company
connections, also discount the possibility that anti-social actions
can be induced. But a number of highly-experienced professionals - including Milton Kline, William Kroger, George Estabrooks, John
Watkins, and Herbert Spiegel - have argued that such actions can, at
least to some degree, be elicited by an outside manipulator.
Occasionally, claims of hypnotically-induced anti-social behavior
find their way into the courtroom; one such case, which led to the
incarceration of the hypnotist, was the Palle Hardrup affair. This
incident occurred in Denmark in 1951.
Palle Hardrup robbed a
bank, killing a guard in the process, and later claimed that he had
been instructed to do so by the hypnotist Bjorn Nielsen. Nielsen
eventually confessed to having engineered the crime as a test of his
The most significant aspect of this incident concerns the “pose”
Nielsen adopted to work his malicious designs. During the hypnosis
sessions, Nielsen hypnotically suggested that he was Hardrup’s
“guardian angel,” represented by the letter X. Hardrup testified
that “There is another room next door where Nielsen and I go and
talk on our own. It is there that my guardian spirit usually comes
and talks to me. Nielsen says that X has a task for me.”
One of these tasks was arranging for Hardrup’s girlfriend to have
sex with the hypnotist. The other tasks, he mentioned, included
robbery and murder. Nielsen convinced his victim that “X” wanted the
robbery funds to be used for worthwhile political goals. The end, Hardrup was told, justified the means.
Compare this scenario to that encountered in the typical contactee
case, in which alien “guardians” convince their victims/subjects
that the encounter will eventually serve some unspecified “higher
purpose.” Indeed, in my interviews with abductees who have
established a “long-term” relationship with their visitors, I have
found that some of them originally believed themselves in contact
with Hardrup-like angelic guardians. Only in recent years was the
“angel” pose discarded and the true “alien” form revealed.
Thus we have one possible means of overcoming the proposition that
hypnosis cannot induce anti-social behavior. If a hypnotist lacks
scruples, and has access to a particularly susceptible subject, he
can induce a misperceived reality. Actions which we would abhor in
an everyday context become acceptable in specialized circumstances:
A citizen who could never commit murder on a suburban street might,
if drafted into an army, kill on the field of battle.
the mind becomes that battlefield. In the words of Dr. John Watkins,
We behave on the basis of our perceptions. If our perceptions of a
situation can be altered so as to cause us to misconstrue it, or to
develop a false belief, then our behavior in relation to it will be
It is precisely in the area of changing
perceptions that the hypnotic modality demonstrates its most
powerful effects. Hallucinations both under hypnosis, and
posthypnotic, can easily be induced in the suggestible subject.
can be made to ignore painful stimuli, be apparently unable to hear
loud sounds, and “see” individuals who are not present [my italics].
Moreover, attitudes and beliefs can be initiated in him which are
quite abnormal and often contrary to those which he previously held.
If traditional hypnosis, unaided, can achieve such changes in
perception, one can only imagine the possibilities inherent in the
combination of hypnotic techniques with the psychoelectronic
research previously described.
Scientists such as Orne and Milton Erickson
 have taken issue
with Watkins’ assertions.
But the Hardrup case would appear to bear
Watkins out. If someone can be convinced that he, like Jeanne D’Arc,
acts under the influence of a supernatural higher power, then
previously unthinkable capabilities may be evinced and “impossible”
actions carried forth. Indeed, when we consider the extreme
personality changes - and occasionally, the heinous actions - elicited by leaders of certain cults, and occult groups, we
understand the desirability of installing a hypnotic “cover story”
within a supernatural matrix. People will do for God - or the
or the Space Brothers - what they would not do otherwise.
The date of the Hardrup affair corresponds to the institution of
BLUEBIRD/ ARTICHOKE; it doesn’t require much imagination to see how
this case could have served as a model to the scientists researching
those and subsequent projects.
According to declassified documents in the Marks files, a major
difficulty faced by the MKULTRA researchers concerned the “disposal
problem.” What to do with the victims of CIA-sponsored electroshock,
hypnosis, and drug experimentation? The Company resorted to
distressing, but characteristic, tactics: They disposed of their
human guinea pigs by incarcerating them in insane asylums, by
performing icepick lobotomies, and by ordering “executive actions.”
A more sophisticated solution had to be found. One of the goals of
the CIA’s mind control efforts was the erasure of memory via
hypnosis (and drugs, electronics, lobotomies, etc.); not only would
this hide what occurred during the experimental
indoctrination/programming sessions, it would prove useful in the
“Amnesia was a big goal,” confirms Victor Marchetti, who
points out its usefulness in dealing with contract agents:
you’ve done it, the agent doesn’t even know what he’s done...you
send him in, he does the job. When he comes out, you clean his head
The big problem: Despite hypnotically-induced amnesia, there would
be memory leaks - snippets of the repressed material would arise
spontaneously, in dreams, as flashbacks, etc. A proposed solution:
give the subject a “screen memory,” a false story; thus, even if he
starts to recall the material, he will recall it incorrectly.
Even the conservative Dr. Orne notes that:
A S [subject] who is able to develop good posthypnotic amnesia will
also respond to suggestions to remember events which did not
actually occur. On awakening, he will fail to recall the real events
of the trance and will instead recall the suggested events. If
anything, this phenomenon is easier to produce than total amnesia,
perhaps because it eliminates the subjective feeling of an empty
space in memory.
Not only would the screen memories fill in the uncomfortable blanks
in the subjects’ recollection, they would protect against
One fear of the MKULTRA scientists was that a
hypno-programmed individual used as, say, a courier, could be
un-programmed by another hypnotist, perhaps working for the enemy.
Thus, the MKULTRA scientists decided to instill multiple
personalities - multiple cover stories, if you will - to confuse any
One case using this technique centered on an assassin named Luis
Castillo, who, after his capture in the Philippines, was extensively
de-briefed and studied by experts in the employ of the National
Bureau of Investigation, that country’s equivalent to our FBI.
Castillo was discovered to have had at least four separate
personalities hypnotically instilled; each personality could be
triggered by a specific cue. In one state, he claimed to be Sgt.
Manuel Angel Ramirez, of the Strategic Air Tactical Command in South
Vietnam; supposedly, “Ramirez” was the illegitimate son of a certain
pipe-smoking, highly-placed CIA official whose initials were
Another personality claimed to be one of John F. Kennedy’s
The main hypnotist involved with this case labelled these hypnotic
alter-egos “Zombie states.”
The report on the case stated that,
Zombie phenomenon referred to here is a somnambulistic behavior
displayed by the subject in a conditioned response to a series of
words, phrases, and statements, apparently unknown to the subject
during his normal waking state.”
Upon Castillo’s repatriation to the United States, the FBI claimed
that he had fabricated the story. In his book
Control, Walter Bowart makes a convincing case against the FBI’s
claims. Certainly, many aspects of the Castillo affair argue for his
sincerity - including his hypnotically-induced insensitivity to
pain, his maintenance of the story (or stories) even when
severely inebriated, and his apparently programmed suicide attempts.
If Castillo told the truth, as I believe he did, then he manifested
both hypnotically-induced multiple personality and pseudomemory. The
former remains controversial; the latter has been repeatedly
replicated in experimental situations.
This point is vitally important for students of the abduction
phenomenon. We cannot assume the accuracy of abduction descriptions
given during subsequent hypnotic regression. Moreover, we cannot
even assume the accuracy of spontaneously-arising recollections
(i.e., abduction memories not elicited through hypnotic regression).
Indeed, responsible skeptics have argued that hypnotic regression
may prove inadvertently harmful, in that it may lock in place a
false remembrance. (Note, however, that other psychiatric
professionals consider hypnotic regression the best technique,
however flawed, in unlocking amnesia. For my part, I maintain
an ambivalent and cautious attitude toward the use of hypnosis in abductee work.)
Granted, it is all too easy for the debunkers to cry “confabulation”
to dismiss hypnotic testimony which does not conform to our
preconceptions about the possible; I do not intend to make this same
error. Whenever skeptics offer the phenomenon of pseudomemory to
rationalize abduction claims, they cite experimental situations in
which pseudomemory was originally created by a hypnotist.
experiments can not be cited as proof that an individual abductee
spontaneously conjured up a fantasy (which just happens to
correspond to the details of hundreds of similar “fantasies”).
Rather, laboratory studies of pseudomemory creation prove my point:
Pseudomemory can be induced by previous hypnosis.
In other words, an abductee may talk of aliens - when the reality
was something else entirely.
In correspondence with me, a noted abduction researcher noted an
instance in which an abductee recounted seeing a helicopter during
his experience; as the abductee testimony progressed, the helicopter
turned into a UFO. During one of the (quite few) regression sessions
I attended, I heard an exactly similar narrative. Hopkins would
argue that the helicopter was a “screen memory” hiding the awful
reality of the UFO encounter. But does Occam’s razor really cut that
Shouldn’t we also consider the possibility that the object in
question really was a helicopter - which the abductee was instructed
to recall as a UFO?
The Super Spy
Among the released BLUEBIRD/ARTICHOKE/MKULTRA papers was the
following handwritten memorandum, unsigned and undated:
I have developed a technic which is safe and secure (free from
international censorship). It has to do with the conditioning of our
own people. I can accomplish this as a one-man job.
The method is the production of hypnosis by means of simple oral
medication. Then (with no further medication) the hypnosis is
re-enforced daily during the following three or four days.
Each individual is conditioned against revealing any information to
an enemy, even though subjected to hypnosis or drugging. If
preferable, he may be conditioned to give false information rather
than no information.
In the margin of this document, one of Marks’ assistants wrote, “Is
this Wendt?” The reference here is to G. Richard Wendt, a professor
employed by project CHATTER who, in 1951, led both his Naval
employers and the CIA on a mind control merry-goose-chase, when an
experiment similar to that described above failed to produce
Even if the above memorandum does describe an
operational failure (and the tactics described in this memo do not
seem very feasible to me), we should not rest complacent. We now
know that, in at least one case, more sophisticated techniques made
the above scenario a reality.
I refer to the case of Candy Jones.
Her story has filled at least one book
 and ought, one day, to
give rise to another. Obviously, I cannot here give all the details
of this fascinating and frightening narrative. But a précis is
Ms. Jones (born Jessica Wilcox) achieved star status as a model
during World War II, and later established her own modelling agency.
An FBI man requested her to allow her place of business to be used
as a “mail drop” for the Bureau and “another government agency”
(presumably, the CIA); Candy, deeply patriotic, accepted the
proposition gladly. Toiling on the fringes of the clandestine world,
Candy eventually came into contact with a “Dr. Gilbert Jensen,” who
worked, in turn, with a “Dr. Marshall Burger.” (Both names are
Unknown to her, these doctors had been employed as
“spy-chiatrists” by the CIA. Using a job interview as a cover,
Jensen induced hypnosis, found Candy to be a particularly responsive
subject - and proceeded to use her as other scientists would use a
rhesus monkey. She became a test subject for the CIA’s mind control
Her job - insofar as it is known - was to provide a clandestine
Estabrooks had outlined the basic idea years
earlier: Induce hypnosis via a disguised technique, give the
messenger information to memorize, hypnotically “erase” the message
from conscious memory, and install a post-hypnotic suggestion that
the message (now buried within the subconscious) will be brought
forth only upon a specific cue. If the hypnotist can create such a
courier, ultra-security can be guaranteed; even torture won’t cause
the messenger to tell what he knows - because he doesn’t know that
he knows it.
According to the highly respected
Kline, “Evidence really does exist that has not been published”
proving that Estabrooks’ perfect secret agent could be successfully
Candy was one such success story. Success, in this context, means
that she could be - and was - brutally tortured and abused while
running assignments for the CIA. All the MKULTRA toys were brought
into play: hypnosis, drugs, conditioning and electronics. Using
these devices, Jensen and Burger managed to:
― install a “duplicate personality,”
― create amnesia of both the programming sessions and the field
― turn Candy into a vicious, hate-mongering bigot, the better to
isolate her from the rest of humanity (previously, her associates
considered her noteworthy for her racial tolerance; her modelling
agency was one of the first to break the color barrier), and
— program her to commit suicide at the end of her usefulness to the
The programming techniques used on her were flawed. She breached
security when she married famed New York radio personality John Nebel, who, using hypnotic regression, elicited the
long-repressed truth. Eventually, the “Other Candy” was bade
farewell, and the programming broken.
Skeptics might find Candy’s story as incredible as the abduction
accounts - after all, an amateur had conducted her hypnotic
regression, and the possibility of confabulation always lurks.
Nevertheless, I feel that the veracity of her narrative has been
established beyond reasonable doubt. In her hypnotic regression
sessions, she recalled being programmed at a government-connected
institute in northern California - which, as John Marks’
investigators later proved, was indeed heavily involved with
government-funded brainwashing research.
Marks himself believes
Candy’s story - not least, because the details of the programming
methods used on her were substantiated by documents released after
her book was published.
Interviews with Milton Kline, Dr. Frances Jakes,
and others provided the testimony that the programming of Candy
Jones was feasible - and Deep Trance substantiated the story.
Recently, the case has received important “indirect” confirmation:
Investigators interested in follow-up research have filed FOIA
requests with the CIA for all papers relating to Candy Jones. The
agency admits that it has a substantial file on her, but refuses to
release any part of it. If her tale is false, then why would the CIA
be so reluctant to deliver the information? Indeed, why would they
have a file in the first place?
The final confirmation of Candy’s tale requires a revelation - one
which I make with some trepidation, even though the individual named
“Marshall Burger” was really Dr. William Kroger.
Kroger, long associated with the espionage establishment, had
written the following in 1963:
“...a good subject can be hypnotized to deliver secret information.
The memory of this message could be covered by an
artificially-induced amnesia. In the event that he should be
captured, he naturally could not remember that he had ever been
given the message...however, since he had been given a post-hypnotic
suggestion, the message would be subject to recall through a
If Candy confabulated her story, why did she name this particular
scientist, who, writing theoretically in 1963, predicted the
subsequent events in her life?
After l’Affair Jones, Kroger transferred his base of operations to
UCLA - specifically, to the Neuropsychiatric Institute run by Dr.
Louis Jolyon West, an MKULTRA veteran. There he wrote Hypnosis and
with a preface by Martin Orne (another
MKULTRA veteran) and H.J. Eysenck (still another MKULTRA veteran).
The finale of this opus contains chilling hints of the possibilities
inherent in combining hypnosis with ESB, implants, and conditioning
- though Kroger is careful to point out that,
“we are not concerned
that man might be conditioned by rewards and punishments through
electronic brain stimulation to be controlled like robots.”
may not be concerned - but perhaps we ought to be.
The control of Candy Jones gives us much information useful to our
“alien abduction” hypothesis.
1. Her torture sessions - inflicted during her programming by her
CIA masters, and on missions by as-yet mysterious persons - seem
strikingly like the otherwise senselessly painful “examinations”
allegedly conducted aboard alien spacecraft.
2. Her personality shifts roughly parallel those experienced by
certain UFO abductees.
3. Despite her brutalization, she remained “loyal” to Drs. Jensen
and Burger. This bewildering behavior reminds me of my first abductee interviews, during which I heard ghastly descriptions of
UFO torture sessions - followed by protestations of limitless love
for the alien pain-mongers.
4. Like many abductees, Candy had to attend regular “conditioning”
sessions. Repeated exposure to the programming is necessary to
effect continuous control.
5. To maintain their hammerlock on her mind, Candy’s handlers
programmed her to remain isolated. Specifically, they instilled a
deep paranoia toward other human beings; “outsiders” were probable
enemies, out to use or abuse her. I have seen this pattern
consistently in my own work with abductees.
argue that unreasonable abductee fears probably indicate paranoid
schizophrenia - one symptom of which can, indeed, be hallucinatory
experiences. But most abductees are easily hypnotized, while
paranoid schizophrenics are extremely difficult to “put under,”
according to Dr. Edward Simpson-Kallas, a psychiatrist with wide
experience in the area of forensic hypnosis.
If, however, those
unreasonable fears had been hypnotically induced, the contradiction
6. Candy was the product of an unhappy childhood, hence her
propensity toward multiple personality.
Many of the “repeater” abductees I have interviewed had
similarly depressing family histories.
7. The story of Candy Jones also has what we might call a “negative
relevance” to the abduction accounts. Because the Controllers did
not establish a hypnotic cover story, or pseudomemory, the true
facts of the case managed to percolate into her conscious mind. No
matter how thorough the post-hypnotic amnesia, leaks will occur - hence the need for a false memory, to fill the gap of recollection.
The CIA learns from its mistakes. Candy’s hypno-programming broke
down in early 1973 - the year the “alien disguise” became (if my
hypothesis proves correct) standard operating procedure.
(Milton Kline accepted the Candy Jones story, but considered the job
amateurish and inconsistent with the best work done at that
Perhaps the major fault was the lack of a pseudomemory
Bases of Suspicion
“Underground base” rumors are as hot as jalapenos in the UFO field
right now, and several of these stories involve abductions.
For example, a sideshow of the famous Bentwaters UFO case involves
the abduction of an airman named Larry Warren to an underground
cavity beneath the military base. There, while in what he later
described as “a bit of a drugged state,” he saw aliens and human
beings - military figures - working side-by-side.
I have spoken to another abductee, Nancy Wright, who was allegedly
taken to an underground chamber ten miles north of Edwards AFB,
California. As this was a multiple-witness event, and Ms. Wright has
not attempted to capitalize on the story for financial gain, I tend
to credit her story.
According to abduction researcher Miranda Parks, an elderly couple
living in the vicinity was also abducted in an exactly similar
In 1979, Paul Bennewitz and Leo Sprinkle researched a particularly
controversial abduction involving a young woman (name unrevealed)
who was apparently taken to a facility where aliens processed fluids
and body parts from a cattle mutilation.
This investigation seems to
have led to the
government harassment of Bennewitz, in which some
form of mind control (or, as I have previously referred to it,
“electronic Gaslight”) may have played a part.
How do we account for these tales of alleged alien skullduggery
carried out in conjunction with the military? I, for one, cannot
credit the generally-unsubstantiated tales of “cosmic conspiracy”
now promulgated by ex-intelligence agents such as John Lear and
While I cannot assert insincerity on the part of
these men, I often wonder if they have been used as conduits - witting or unwitting
- in a sophisticated disinformation scheme.
A simpler, though no less chilling, explanation for the “base”
abductions may be found in the story of Dr. Louis Jolyon West, now
notorious for his participation in MKULTRA experiments with
Violence and the Brain (a book by
Drs. Frank Ervin and Vernon H. Mark which ascribed inner city turmoil to a
“genetic defect” within rebellious blacks), West proposed, in 1973,
a Center for the Study and Reduction of Violence, where potentially
violent individuals could be dealt with prophylactically.
And who were these individuals? According to West’s proposal, the
noteworthy factors indicating a violent predisposition were “sex
(male), age (youthful), ethnicity (black) and urbanicity.”
deal with them?
“...by implanting tiny electrodes deep within the
brain, electrical activity can be followed in areas that cannot be
measured from the surface of the scalp...it is even possible to
record bioelectrical changes in the brains of freely-moving
subjects, through the use of remote monitoring techniques...”
monitoring the subjects’ EEGs remotely, potentially violent episodes
could be identified.
For our purposes, the most significant aspect of this proposal had
to do with location. In a secret communication to Dr. J.M.
Stubblebine, director of the California State Department of Health
(fortunately, this missive was “leaked” to the public), West
disclosed that he intended to house his Center in an abandoned Nike
missile base, whose location was accessible yet relatively remote.
“The site is securely fenced,” West wrote. “Comparative studies
could be carried out there, in an isolated but convenient location,
of experimental model programs, for the alteration of undesirable
Public outcry stopped these plans. But was this scheme truly
eliminated? Or was it merely modified, stripped (temporarily) of its
overtly racial overtones and relocated to some less-accessible spot?
One thing is certain: A CIA “spy-chiatrist” favored secret behavior
control experimentation in a remote military installation. Perhaps
someone within the espionage establishment’s mind-modification
divisions still thinks highly of the idea. If so, the disposal
problem would once again rear its ugly head, should “visitors” to
these installations ever reappear in outside society.
Again, a hypno-programmed cover story - the less believable, the better
- would prove invaluable.
The Scandinavian Connection
Many books have been written about abductees, yet few exist about
the victims of mind control. I cannot understand this situation; the
reality of UFOs is still controversial, yet the existence of mind
control was verified in two (heavily compromised) congressional
investigations and in thousands of FOIA documents.
abductees find many a sympathetic ear, while those few who dare to
proclaim themselves the victims of known government programs rarely
find anyone to hear them out. Our prejudices on this score are
regrettable, for if we listened to the “controllees” we would hear
many details strikingly similar to those mentioned by UFO abductees.
Two cases in point: Martti Koski and Robert Naeslund.
Koski, a Finnish citizen, claims to have been a victim of mind
control experimentation while visiting Canada. Shortly after his
experience began, he attempted to broadcast his situation to the
world and draw attention to his plight. Few listened. Many of his
details were bizarre, and not being a native speaker of English, he
could not express himself convincingly to those he approached for
help. Yet many aspects of his story correspond closely to known
details of MKULTRA and related programs.
Naeslund, a Swedish citizen, tells a similar story. Moreover, his
claims were backed by special evidence: X-rays revealed an implant
in his brain. Naeslund actually went to the extreme of having his
implant tested by electronic technicians employed by
Hewlett-Packard. A Greek surgeon performed the necessary trepanation
to remove the device.
Many aspects of the Koski and Naeslund stories correspond to my
hypothesis. Koski, for example, was at one point told that the
doctors afflicting him were actually “aliens from Sirius.”
another point, he was led to believe that he was under the direction
of “the Lord.”
(As I previously indicated, manipulation of religious
imagery could help induce anti-social behavior; the subject’s
super-ego can be nullified if he believes that he follows commands
from on high. Such manipulation may explain the more bizarre aspects
of Betty Andreasson Luca’s abduction.)
Naeslund’s implant was originally placed through his nasal cavity.
He first realized that something terrible had happened to him after
an experience of missing time, followed by an inexplicable
This detail will be instantly familiar to anyone who has studied
abductions; I have encountered it in my own conversations with
abductees. For an excellent example in the UFO literature, I refer
the reader to the case of Susan Ransted, as detailed in Kevin D.
The UFO Casebook;
the background of alleged contactee
Diane Tessman is also noteworthy in this regard.
Intriguingly, I have located a reference in the open literature to
the use, in animal study, of nasally-implanted electrodes for the
measurement of electromagnetic radiation effects.
There are other claimed mind control victims bearing evidence of
implants; note, especially, the fascinating case of James Petit, a
CIA-connected pilot and alleged brainwashing alumnus; X-rays of his
cranium have revealed abductee-style implants - fitting, perhaps,
since his body bears abductee-style scars.
abductees will, if allowed a thorough and sympathetic hearing,
deliver testimony strongly agreeing with Koski’s narrative.
Helicopters and Disks
The bizarre story of Rex Niles and his sister (not named in news
accounts) may shed interesting light on a variety of abductee cases,
particularly that of Betty and Barney Hill.
high-rolling owner of a Woodland Hills defense subcontracting firm
(Rex Rep) was fingered by authorities investigating defense industry
kickbacks. He became an extraordinarily cooperative witness in the
investigation - until he was targeted by his enemies, who allegedly
used psychoelectronics as harassment.
The following excerpt from the Los Angeles Times article on Niles is
He [Niles] has produced testimony from his sister, a Simi Valley
woman who swears that helicopters have repeatedly circled her home.
An engineer measured 250 watts of microwaves in the atmosphere
outside Niles’ house and found a radioactive disc underneath the
dash of his car.
A former high school friend, Lyn Silverman, claimed that her home
computer went haywire when Niles stepped close to it.
No aliens in this story - yet how similar it is to tales of alien
abduction! The low-flying helicopters, of course, are frequently
reported by abduction victims - the Betty Andreasson Luca case
provides the best-known example.
The haywire electronics
equipment is also frequently encountered in putative abduction
cases; I have spoken (independently) to three women who claimed to
have been able to disturb or shut off televisions and stereos simply
by walking past the devices; one woman even claimed she had switched
off her TV simply by pointing at it!
But the radioactive disc is especially intriguing. As former
agent Ted Gunderson recently explained to my associate Alexander
Constantine, magnetic radioactive discs have long been used by the
clandestine services as cancer-inducing “silent killers” - i.e., as
tools of assassination. Not only that.
The disk calls to mind one
little-remembered detail of the Hill case - the dozen-or-so circular
“shiny spots,” each the size of a silver dollar, found on the trunk
of her car directly after the abduction. A compass needle reacted
wildly when placed near these spots. Could they have marked the
location where an electromagnetic or radioactive device, similar to
that found by Niles, was placed on the car? (Such a device might
have been held to the spot magnetically, hence the circular
If so, then the disorienting EMR could have helped
induce the Hills’ “UFO sighting.”
The Military and Mind Control
Some time ago, I attended hypnotic regression sessions in which the
subject - a claimed UFO abductee - recalled undergoing a mysterious
“brain operation” at a veteran’s hospital in California.
operation was performed by human beings, not aliens. Interestingly,
this same hospital was mentioned in two other cases I encountered.
These other claims were not made by abductees, but by people alleged
to have been victims of mind control experimentation.
One of these claimants, a former Navy SEAL who undertook numerous
dangerous missions in Vietnam, favorably impressed me with the
wealth of detail in his story.
This individual - I’ve taken to
calling him “the trained SEAL” - had received specialized combat
training at a military base in California; he claims that at one
point during this training he was drugged, hypnotized, possibly
placed under some form of electronic control, and subjected to the
extremes of pain/pleasure operant conditioning.
One peculiar detail
of his story concerns the “reward” aspect of the conditioning: When
properly acquiescent, he was given unlimited sexual access to a
woman who, the SEAL avers, was herself the victim of brainwashing!
Unbelievable as this last claim may seem, I found it oddly resonant
when I later interviewed a prominent abductee in the Southern
California area, who bravely offered me details on a puzzling,
albeit quite delicate, incident in her past. Still an attractive
woman, she recalled for me - indeed, seemed strangely compelled to
describe - an early love affair with a young soldier training at a
military base near her home.
She cannot recall the soldier’s name.
All she remembers is that one day he started living at her family’s
house; she has no memory of how the arrangement began, and her
parents have never felt comfortable discussing the matter. Although unattracted to this soldier, she felt compelled to become intimate
with him, adopting a pliant, obeisant attitude that was quite out of
character for her. Later, the soldier went on to covert missions in
Of course, a young person’s psycho-sexual development is never
smooth, and the incident related above may merely have represented
one peculiarly upsetting bump in that notoriously rough road. Still,
some of the details of this story - particularly the parents’
attitude, the woman’s personality shift, and her subsequent memory
lapses - are striking, and I treat with respect the abductee’s
intuition that this minor enigma in her personal history could, if
properly understood, shed light on her later “missing time”
Could the “trained SEAL” have been right? Was there, is there, a
coterie of hypno-programmed soldiers conducting particularly
hazardous missions? And do the programmers have at their disposal a
“ladies’ auxiliary,” so to speak, of hypnotized camp followers?
If the SEAL’s story stood alone, skeptics could easily dismiss it
(provided they did not sit, as I did, face-to-face with the story’s
teller, listening to all the grisly and unsettling details). But
other veterans have added their voices to this grim tale.
Sheehan, of the Christic Institute, claims that his organization has
spoken to half-a-dozen individuals with narratives similar to my
SEAL informant. All had received “processing,” so to speak, within
the context of standard military training; after programming and
specialized combat instruction by mercenaries, the recruits were
placed “on hold,” to be used as situations arose - and some of those
situations occurred within the United States.
Walter Bowart began his own researches into mind control by placing
an ad in “Soldier-Of-Fortune”-style publications, asking for
correspondence from veterans who experienced inexplicable lapses in
memory or strange behavior modification techniques while serving in
Vietnam; he received over 100 replies.
Bowart devoted an entire
chapter to one of these respondents - an Air Force veteran named
David, who ended his four-year tour of duty recalling only that he
had spent the time “having fun, skin diving, laying on the beach,
collecting shells...It never dawned on me until later that I must
have done something while I was in the service.” (An obvious example
of screen memory.) He was also “assigned” a girlfriend whose name he
cannot now recall, despite the length and deep intimacy of the
The parallels to the SEAL’s story and the abductee’s
account should be obvious.
We even have a confession, of sorts, from a scientist who
specialized in one aspect of this sort of training. Lt. Commander
Thomas Narut, of the U.S. Naval Hospital at the NATO headquarters in
Naples, Florida, admitted during a lecture in Oslo that recruits in
Naples underwent “Clockwork-Orange”-style behavior modification
Trainees would be strapped into chairs with their eyelids
clamped open while watching films of industrial accidents and
African circumcision ceremonies - films frequently used by
psychologists as a means of inducing stress in experimental
situations. Unlike the protagonist in Clockwork Orange, who learned
revulsion at the sight of violence, Narut’s soldiers were taught to
accept and enjoy bloodshed, to view it with equanimity. Similar
techniques were used to dehumanize potential enemies. Graduates of
this program became, in Narut’s words, “hit men and assassins,” to
be placed in American embassies throughout the world.
When questioned by reporters about these claims, the American
government denied the story; Narut - after a long incommunicado
period and apparent coercion - later explained to journalists that
he had merely spoken theoretically. If so, why did he originally
describe the behavior modification procedure as an ongoing program?
And while it may seem frivolous to return to the subject of
abductions after examining such grim data, I should remind the
reader of the many abduction accounts in which abductees recall
being forced to watch certain stress-inducing motion pictures. The
aliens, it seems, have learned a few lessons from Dr. Narut.
Narut, of course, concentrated on selective programming of
individual American soldiers; on the other side of the mind control
spectrum, Defense Department specialists have also concentrated on
methods to render entire enemy battalions “combat ineffective.”
Electromagnetic weaponry, intended to wipe out the aggression of the
enemy, is the province of DARPA, under the direction of Dr. Jack
These projects remain fairly mysterious; we do know,
however, that one operation, SLEEPING BEAUTY, employed the services
of Dr. Michael Persinger, a scientist who has expressed interesting
views regarding UFOs.
Persinger discovered a method of using ELF waves to induce the
brain’s MAST cells to release histamine; should a battlefield
commander wish to subject his enemy to mass bouts of vomiting, Persinger’s trick could do the job even faster than a Tobe Hooper
movie. The method works on animals.
“The question,” writes mind
control researcher Larry Collins, “is how to get from point A to
point B without violating one of the most rigorous commandments of
Government ethics - thou shalt not conduct experiments like that on
If Collins studied the record a little more carefully, he might
realize that the government hasn’t always regarded this commandment
as something graven in stone. As Milton Kline put it:
“Ethical factors involved in most research would preclude having
positive results. Those ethical factors don’t always hold with
government research. The research which has given really positive
results has not been limited by ethical constraints.”
The Ultimate Motive For Mind Control
Hypnosis hard-liners of the Orne school would almost certainly
dismiss the foregoing veterans’ accounts of the use of hypnosis,
drugs and behavioral conditioning on American fighting men.
skeptics would ask, would anyone attempt to create a “Manchurian
Candidate” when the military services, using entirely conventional
means, can create a “Rambo”? There have always been recruits for
even the most hazardous duties; what need of hypnosis?
The need, in fact, is absolute.
The modern battlefield has little place for the traditional soldier.
Advanced weaponry requires an increasing level of technical
sophistication, which in turn requires a cool-headed operator. But
the all-too-human combatant - though capable of extraordinary acts
of courage under the most stressful conditions imaginable - does not
possess inexhaustible reserves of sang-froid. Eventually, breakdowns
will occur. Per-capita psychiatric casualties have increased
dramatically in each successive American conflict.
Gabriel, the excellent historian of the role of psychiatry in
Modern warfare has become so lethal and so intense that only the
already insane can endure it...Modern war requiring continuous
combat will increase the degree of fatigue on the soldier to
heretofore unknown levels.
Physical fatigue - especially the lack of
sleep - will increase the rate of psychiatric casualties enormously.
Other factors - high rates of indirect fire, night fighting, lack of
food, constant stress, large numbers of casualties - will ensure
that the number of psychiatric casualties will reach disastrous
proportions. And the number of casualties will overburden the
medical structure to the point of collapse.
The ability to treat psychiatric casualties will all but disappear.
There will be no safe forward areas in which to treat soldiers
debilitated by mental collapse. The technology of modern war has
made such locations functionally obsolete...
According to Gabriel, the military intends to meet this challenge by
creating “the chemical soldier,” a designer-drugged zombie in
fighting man’s uniform:
On the battlefields of the future we will witness a true clash of
ignorant armies, armies ignorant of their own emotions and even of
the reasons for which they fight. Soldiers on all sides will be
reduced to fearless chemical automatons who fight simply because
they can do nothing else...
Once the chemical genie is out of the
bottle, the full range of human mental and physical actions become
targets for chemical control... Today it is already possible by
chemical or electrical stimulation to increase the aggression levels
of the human being by stimulating the amygdala, a section of the
brain known to control aggression and rage.
Such “human potential
engineering” is already a partial reality and the necessary
technical knowledge increases every day.
While this passage speaks of drugs and electronics, we can safely
assume that the planners of battle would not refrain from using any
other promising technique.
Gabriel writes primarily of large-scale battle scenarios, but based
on his information, we can fairly deduce that the mind-controlled
soldier will also play a role in the surgical strike, the covert
operation, the infiltration behind enemy lines by units of the
On such missions, United States personnel have
increasingly relied on torture as a means of interrogation and
and as such barbarism becomes standard procedure
the American fighting man of the future will need to find within
himself unprecedented reserves of brutality. Will the average
recruit, culled from the nation’s suburbs and reared on traditional
ideals, possess such reserves?
Vietnam proved that the soldier, despite a barrage of propaganda
intended to cloud his discernment, will sense the difference between
fighting for legitimate defense interests and fighting to protect
political hegemony. To forestall this realization, or to render it
irrelevant, military planners must withdraw the human combatant and
replace him with a new species of warrior. The soldier of the future
will not discern; he will merely do. He will not be a butcher; he
will be the butcher’s knife - a tool among other tools, thoughtless
And it is my contention that to create this soldier of the future,
the controllers need a continuing program, one designed to test each
new method and combination of methods for conquering the human mind.
One primary goal of this program must include expanding the human
capacity for stress and violence. Subjects enrolled in such
experimental procedures will experience pain, and will learn to
accept the pain. Eventually, they will learn to inflict it, without
remorse or even remembrance.
The nation who first creates this new
soldier will possess a decisive advantage on the “conventional”
battlefield - as will the nation which first develops a means of
using mass mind control techniques to disable entire enemy platoons.
This paramount military necessity is the reason why I will never
believe any unconvincing reassurances that our nation’s clandestine
scientists have foregone or will forego research into behavior
This research will never be mere history. What’s past
is present, and today’s covert experimentation will become
tomorrow’s basic training.
A prototype of the future warrior may already be with us. The Navy
SEAL I interviewed spoke in horrifying detail of dismemberment
without emotion, of rape as routine, of killing without affect. And
then forgetting that he had killed. Even years later, he could not
recall the stories behind many of the wounds on his own body.
claims that whenever he would need the services of the veteran’s
hospital, doctors would re-hypnotize him shortly after his
admission, while a physician specifically cleared for such work
would examine his medical history, which was highly classified and
kept under lock and key.
According to the SEAL’s testimony, his memory block cracked little
by little, as a result of events too complex to recount here.
Finally, years after Vietnam, he was able to remember what he did.
Amnesia was a blessing.