by David G. Guyatt
Nexus Magazine, Volume 12, Number 2
European, British and American family and business
concerns that did business with Hitler's Germany before
the war also scrambled to benefit financially from the
fall of Berlin and to keep Nazi booty out of the hands
of Allied governments.
article focuses on events of the Second World War; the
taking to safety of nazi plunder by an international
coterie of wealthy and privileged families and leading
Allied corporations working with the nazis. And lays out
why this author believes that Operation Market Graden, -
"A Bridge Too Far" -was betrayed and by whom, and how
this factored in to the death of deputy fuehrer, Rudolf
President George W Bush has his way, then the spread of the
American system of democracy will continue to proliferate around the
world. There are those, however, who argue that the American form of
“democracy” has little to do with genuine democratic representation
but rather more closely resembles a revolving fascist dictatorship
beholden to the interests of a wealthy elite and big business.
This form of government, it is argued, has as its underlying model
the European Synarchist movement that was founded in the 1870’s, by
Joseph Alexandre Saint-Yves d'Alveydre. St Yves considered the
medieval Knights Templars to be ultimate Synarchists of their time
and consequently drew on Templar ideals when formulating his ideas.
St Yves movement came to the fore in the early 1920’s, following the
end of WWI and the signing of the Versailles Treaty.
2 In its
essence, Synarchy advocates that government be run by a secret
society or cabal –
“an elite of enlightened initiates who rule from
behind the scenes.”3
As authors Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince
“…it therefore doesn't matter which political party
holds power in a state - or even what political system that state
has. Synarchists would step in and take control of the key state
In the United States, one such secret society worthy of note is Yale
University’s Order of the
Skull and Bones. Entry into the Order
involves elaborate ritual and is accompanied by a change of name. No
longer is the neophyte known by his family name, but assumes the
identity of a Knight.
Bonesmen include George W. Bush, his father
George Bush senior and
Senator John Kerry. George Bush’s great grandfather, Prescott Bush,
was also a Bonesman, as was George Bush’s favourite uncle, Herbert
Walker. In point of fact, almost all of the so-called “Eastern
Establishment” families have been enrolled in the Skull and Bones.
Author Antony Sutton, in his groundbreaking four-part series “The
Order,” states that the US Order links to Britain through the
Rhodes-Milner Oxford Group but has German origins. The US Order also
links to the Guggenheim, Schiff and Warburg families, despite having
definite anti-semitic tendencies until more recent times. Sutton’s
own research linked the Order to “the founding and growth of Nazism”
5 and considered it likely that German original was
The Bush family’s political dynasty and indeed, its wealth, arose
from the Nazi connections forged by Prescott Bush, who worked for
Nazi magnate, Fritz Thyssen. Bush’s uncle “Herbie” (Herbert Walker),
was like-wise employed by Thyssen.6 An even darker episode was
reported by a Dutch intelligence agent who stated that Prescott Bush
also managed a portion of the slave labour force located at
I.G. Farben’s Auschwitz plant - the infamous nazi death camp.7 Working
for Prescott Bush was Allen Dulles, who would later become a
director of the CIA, following a highly questionable career in the
war where he was posted to the head up the Swiss office of the
American intelligence service, the OSS. Before the war Dulles was
appointed the US legal counsel for I G Farben. Another law client of
Dulles was Fritz Thyssen. These inter-relationships are, at the very
least, very chummy. Some believe them to be treacherous.
The key period of the growth of Synarchism followed on the heels of
the Russian Revolution and led to the rise of the Pan European
Movement in 1922. The PEM was embraced by powerful forces inside
Germany. This included the wealthy banker, Max Warburg, who financed
PEM. Warburg was a director of the massive chemical cartel, I G
Farben, that helped hoist Adolf Hitler to power. Curiously, however,
Warburg was also involved in helping Lenin to travel to Russia in
1917, thus providing succour to the Bolshevik Revolution that Hitler
later so detested.8 Is this simply a case of the left hand not
knowing what the right one was doing, or could it be merely an
example of the Hegelian dialectic of forging conflict in order to
forge the future shape and direction of human history?
In any event, besides Max Warburg financing PEM, another German
banker in the form of Hjalmar Schact, addressed the first mass rally
of the Pan European Movement held in Berlin. Schacht would go on to
work for Hitler as Minister for Economics and President of the Reichsbank. If one believes in coincidence then behold a
coincidence: together with Hitler, Max Warburg signed the document
that appointed Hjalmar Schacht to the presidency of the Reichsbank.
Imagine that. Max’s brother, Paul Warburg, was a director of
American I G Farben as well as being the first director of
Federal Reserve Bank of New York.9
Known simply as the “AO” – the letters of the Greek Alpha-Omega –
the “Auslandsorganisation” was the foreign intelligence arm of the nazi party that engaged in espionage, fifth column, propaganda and
“economic” activities in furtherance of Nazi aims. Overseas members
of the AO operated largely through German owned or controlled
overseas companies. This include numerous employees of I G Farben
both those based at home and abroad. In fact, Farben not only ran
the AO but financed it.
10 One of the most senior Farben men
involved in AO activities was Max Ilgner, who was the nephew of
Farben director Hermann Schmitz – who’s ambition was to “form a
world fascist state without war if possible.”
Ilgner, who was a uniform wearing member of the feared Gestapo, had
allied Farben’s intelligence unit known as “NW7” with the AO, and
had recruited an army of 5,000 that operated through American I.G.
12 Another member of Farben’s NW7 department, was
who had been born in Bradford, England. Although the nominal head of
the AO was Ernst Wilhelm-Bohle, it was actually under the direct
day-to-day control of Walter Schellenberg, head of the SD, the
Gestapo’s counterintelligence service – who described
I.G. Farben as a
“state within a state” to his interrogators after the war. However,
the overall boss of the AO was deputy fuehrer, Rudolf Hess.
The industrialists and bankers, who funded Hitler’s rise to power in
1933, had their contributions processed through Hjalmar Schacht’s
account at the private Delbruck Schickler Bank in Berlin. The funds
in this account were administered by Hitler’s deputy, Rudolf Hess. Delbruck Schickler Bank was a subsidiary of Metallsgesellschaft A G
(“Metall”), by far the largest non-ferrous metal company in Germany.
Metallsgesellschaft was jointly owned by I G Farben and the British
Metal Corporation.13 One of the two British directors of “Metall”
was Oliver Lyttelton who was appointed the Controller of Non-Ferrous
Metals in 1939-40 and became the Minister of Production in 1942-5
and a member of Churchill’s War Cabinet.
Lyttlelton’s mother was by
a merry coincidence, a member of the Rhodes-Milner Oxford “Group,”
whereas the eldest son of the fifth Baron Lyttelton has been the
private secretary to Lord Selborne during his years in South Africa.
Selborne would take over leadership of the “Group” following
Milner’s death in 1925. He was also, as I have remarked elsewhere,
the wartime head of Britain's Special Operations Executive, which
was the template for the American OSS.14
As stated earlier, the “Group” is the British arm of the American
Order of the Skull and Bones – or is it the other way around.15
Either way the Skull and Bones is a “chapter of a German secret
society. The “originating” prong of the “Group” and the “Order” are,
in the view of Prof. Antony Sutton, almost certainly the outlawed
It is self evident that the same behind-the-scenes banking and
industrial forces who financed Hitler’s rise to power, as well as
his subsequent military build-up, would also take all necessary
steps to protect their hard investments once it became clear Hitler
and Germany were doomed to defeat. Clarity arrived with the
devastating defeat of Field Marshall von Paulus 6th Army Group at
Stalingrad in January 1943. Any lingering doubts were erased with
the Allied invasion of Normandy on 6th June 1944. Unable to repulse
the Allied D-day invasion forces back into the sea, it was clear for
all to see that Hitler’s days were numbered.
Two months after the D-day landings, a secret meeting was held in an
elegant hotel in Strasbourg that was aimed at securing and
protecting the wealth of nazi Germany and its loyal bankers and
industrialists. On the morning of 10th August 1944, SS Obergruppenfuehrer
Scheid, a lieutenant-general in the Waffen SS –
as well as a director of the industrial company Hermansdorff &
Schenburg - arrived at the Hotel Maison Rouge set in Strasbourg’s
rue des France-Bourgeois. Dr. Scheid had been sent to host the
meeting by none other than Reichsleiter Martin Bormann, by then the
second most powerful man in nazi Germany, after Hitler.
Bormann’s rise to power followed on from the ill-fated flight of
Rudolf Hess in 1941, when he parachuted to land in Scotland to
secretly meet with the Duke of Hamilton. With the loss of his
friend, and his plans for creating a secret alliance with Britain to
fight Russia in tatters, Hitler had heaped all of Hess’ duties and
responsibilities on to the broad bull-like shoulders of Bormann –
with the exception of the office of deputy fuehrer, which Hitler
abolished. This included Bormann taking over control of the AO.
In sending Dr. Scheid to Strasbourg, Bormann had confided in him
“the steps to be taken as a result of this meeting will
determine the post-war future of Germany,” adding that the plan was
to insure an eventual “economic resurgence of Germany.”17
the meeting, in addition to Dr. Scheid, were representatives of
Krupp, Messerschmitt, Rheinmetall, Bussing, Volkswagenwerk,
engineers representing various factories in Posen, Poland –
including Brown-Boveri – an important part of the German electrical
industry that was part owned by two American companies – General
Electric and International Telephone & Telegraph. Today, Brown
Boveri has grown into a massive multinational corporation employing
almost 200,000 staff worldwide and still maintains it close contacts
with the US. Prior to his appointment as George W Bush’s Secretary
of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld was on its board of directors.18
Bormann’s direction was that the industrialists should forge new
contacts and alliances with foreign firms, as well as strengthening
those already established. This should be done without attracting
suspicion. Equally important was the capital flight programme of
state and corporate assets to safe havens through the world, which
Bormann ordered. Thus began Operation Eagle’s Flight. Critically, Bormann believed he needed nine months to fully complete the planned
capital flight programme.19 This meant that German forces must
resist the Allies advance throughout the winter of 1944 and on until
early mid May 1945. By a remarkable twist of fate, the war in Europe
ended on 8th May 1945, two days short of Bormann’s estimate.
Less than a month later, however, English Field Marshall, Bernard
Montgomery, laid out a daring plan that, were it to succeed, would
have completely wrecked Bormann’s critical nine-month programme.
When, on 23rd August 1944, the Supreme Allied Commander,
Eisenhower, visited Montgomery’s HQ for lunch, followed by a private
conference, Montgomery argued that German forces were in complete
disarray and that a decisive thrust into the Ruhr would result in
the end of the war before Christmas 1944. At Montgomery’s
insistence, Eisenhower’s Chief of Staff, General Walter Bedell Smith
was excluded from the meeting, causing rancour.20
Montgomery’s HQ unconvinced and wavering.
With the closing of the Falaise gap, Montgomery was determined not
to let Eisenhower waste a golden opportunity to bring the war to a
close in 1944. On 4th September, Montgomery sent a coded signal
“Personal for General Eisenhower Eyes Only,” laying out in detail an
audacious plan to seize strategic bridges in the Netherlands
followed by a full-blooded armoured thrust into Germany through the
back door of the Ruhr – the very heartland of German industry and,
coincidentally home to many of those industrialists Dr. Scheid’s
capital flight conference had addressed less than a month earlier.
The plan, which would become known as
Operation Comet, was rejected
by Eisenhower. Montgomery strenuously objected and a revised plan
called Operation Market Garden, that would muster considerably more
forces than the original Operation Comet, was eventually agreed on
10th September 1944 by Eisenhower. The final bridge to be captured
by British airborne forces and held until the arrival of the armoured forces was located at Arnhem.
By coincidence too, it was the 4th of September, that Field Marshall
Model directed Lt. General Bittrich’s badly mauled but veteran II SS
Panzer corps to bivouac in the Arnhem area to refit and rest.
Bittrich later stated that “there was no particular significance in
Model choosing the Arnhem vicinity – except that it was a peaceful
area where nothing was happening.”21 Now in hindsight when armed
with Bormann’s vital need for a full nine months for his capital
flight programme to reach fulfillment, one wonders if other more
subterranean factors influenced Model’s decision? Was treachery
What is known for a fact is that
Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands
had been appointed Commander in Chief of Dutch forces by Queen
Wilhelmina. During the weeks following the D-day landings, Prince
Bernhard had remained in constant contact with his Ministers, the US
Ambassador-at-Large, Anthony Biddle, and General Bedell Smith.22 His
close contact with these men was hardly the result of mere chance.
As we shall see, nothing was to be left to chance by Bormann’s
A member of the Biddle family, Thomas Bradish Biddle, had been
amongst the very first members of the Order of the Skull and Bones,
having been tapped in 1839, just six years after it founding in
1833. Anthony Biddle who’s full name was Anthony Joseph Drexel
Biddle Jr., was not himself a member of the Order. Never the less,
he was no innocent.
During the early months of WWII, Biddle was in Paris as the US
Deputy Ambassador to France. It was here that he became close
friends of the pro-nazi Duke and Duchess of Windsor, who spent a
considerable period of time living in the home of Baron Eugene de
Rothschild. However, Biddle’s greatest friend in Paris was
Ambassador William Bullitt. Bullitt also held strong pro Hitler
views and was responsible for introducing the American millionaire,
Charles Bedaux, to the Windsor’s.
Bedaux was a good friend of I G Farben’s Hermann Schmitz, and had,
in fact, been appointed as head of Farben’s commercial operations.
His involvement with the Windsor’s wasn’t accidental, as he had been
instructed by no less than SS Chief Heinrich Himmler to inveigle
them to help in secret plans for a negotiated peace with England. A
secret meeting held in the Hotel Meurice in Paris, between Bedaux,
Rudolf Hess, Martin Bormann and Hollywood actor and nazi sympathiser
Errol Flynn, the Duke of Windsor promised to help Hess contact the
Duke of Hamilton, which “finally led to Hess’s dramatic landing on
the Hamilton Estate in 1941.”24
Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands also has a decidedly nazi past.
German born as Prince Bernhard zur Lippe-Biesterfeld, he joined the
nazi party in the early 1930’s, eventually donning the SS uniform.
By 1935 he was gainfully employed in I G Farben’s intelligence
department NW7. His match to Princess Juliana, the daughter of the
Dutch Queen Wilhelmina, was reportedly arranged by Farben director,
Gerhard Fritze, a relative of NW7’s chief, Max Ilgner.25 At their
marriage ceremony, the Prince’s closest friends struck up the old favourite, the Horst Wessel song, which was the anthem of the Nazis.
Shortly after the marriage, the noble prince travelled to Berlin for
a private meeting with Hitler, who had publicly intimated that the
marriage represented an alliance between both nations - which was
refuted by Queen Willhelmina.
More telling was the fact that when he
arrived in England, after the outbreak of war, and asked to work in
British intelligence, his offer was declined by the Admiralty,
because they didn’t trust him. Nor did the Supreme Allied Commander,
General Dwight Eisenhower who refused him access to sensitive
intelligence information. However, with the intervention of King
George on Prince Bernhard’s behalf, he was eventually allowed to
work in war planning councils. Whoops.
Moving on quickly; to understand the very special relationship
between Prince Bernhard and General Walter Bedell Smith – who most
certainly had complete access general Eisenhower’s intelligence - we
need to advance several years. After the war, Prince Bernhard is
believed to have been profitably employed dealing in art stolen
during the war. Gerben Sonderman, who Prince Bernhard described as
the “best friend I ever had” (presumably Adolf had by then been
forgotten?), acted as the prince’s private pilot for transporting
stolen art, according to Ton Biesemaat, who has written an expose of
the art ring called “The Correggio Mystery."26
In 1941, Sonderman, a Dutch Fokker pilot, developed contacts with
Germans involved in plundering Dutch art works. A close contact of
his was Alois Miedl, a “banker, spy and art dealer” who occasionally
dressed in SS uniform.27 After the war, Miedl operated on behalf of
the ODESSA, the SS escape network that transported nazi war
criminals to safety in South America – particularly Argentina, where
Bormann is believed to have escaped to. This also is a favourite
destination for Prince Bernhard after the war, where he was usually
accompanied by his best friend, Gerban Sonderman.
Another of those seemingly involved in this stolen art-trading ring
was Hungarian nobleman, Prince Alfred zur Lippe-Weissenfeld, a
relative of Prince Bernhard. By another of those remarkable
coincidences, Prince Alfred’s daughter was the wife of Baron Hans
Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza de Karzon, son of Fritz Thyssen’s
brother and heir to the Thyssen family fortune.
Walter Bedell Smith, who as we have seen above, was in close contact
with the prince during the period that Montgomery was drawing up his
initial plan to capture the Dutch bridges and then dash to Berlin
via the Ruhr. Just how close this friendship to Prince Bernhard was
can be judged by the fact that after the war both he and Prince
Bernhard went into business together. One might describe it as an
“import-export company” because it involved an art trading company
called “Bernard Ltd” that uses military aircraft to fly between Soesterberg – a short distance away from Prince Bernhard’s palace
Soestdijk – and the USA.
In addition to his close personal friendship with Prince Bernhard,
in August 1945, Bedell Smith donated his private plane to secretly
fly nazi master spy Reinhard Gehlen, and five of his general staff,
to Washington for secret talks. This move was in complete
contravention of prevailing American policy and, according to author
Charles Higham, could have resulted in court martial proceedings
against Bedell Smith.28
Prince Bernhard’s family relationship with that of the Thyssen’s may
go some way to explain why, in 1945, together with a unit of Dutch
intelligence, Prince Bernhard travelled to the Russian zone in
Berlin to recover a batch of buried “incriminating corporate papers”
belonging to Fritz Thyssen, that evidenced “secret Thyssen
ownership.” This small favour was carried out under the pretext that
the daring Prince was recovering the Dutch crown jewels stolen by
the Nazis. The papers were returned to Holland and deposited in the
Bank voor Handel en Scheepvaart, in Rotterdam, which was secretly
owned by Thyssen. Known as “Operation Juliana” this cunning scheme
was a body blow to Allied investigators who were anxiously seeking
the “missing pieces of the Thyssen fortune.”29 The US attorney to
the Rotterdam bank was Allen Dulles, who had migrated from the OSS
office in Bern, Switzerland, to become the US intelligence chief in
The Lippe family appears to have any number of connections to
enterprises with intelligence connections. Take for example, the
Order of the Rose of Lippe, a chivalric Order awarded to German
House of Lippe. An offshoot of this order is the Noble Company of
the Rose, founded by Ernst August Prinz zur Lippe – the first cousin
of Prince Bernhard - and Sir Rodney Hartwell. Today, the Noble Order
of the Rose is awarded exclusively and by invitation only to members
of a curious research institute with a focus on genealogy, royalty,
nobility, chivalry, heraldry, and related topics called The Augustan
Society that is housed in a mansion located in the Mojave Desert
near Dagget, USA, and which was founded in 1957.
The curiosity here is that many of the early, and some of the
founding members, were formerly with wartime intelligence services,
mostly the OSS. These included Crolian Edelen, Robert Formhals,
Robert Gayre, John Driscoll, George Balling and
Forest Barber – all
of whom had also earlier been Shickshinny knights, a so called
“fake” Order that claimed descent from the Russian Grand Priory of
the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. The Shickshinny knights boasted
some really heavy weight English and American pro nazi military and
It is alleged that the number one activity of the Augustan Society
is intelligence gathering and that several members of the Society
began working together three of four years before officially
incorporating it as a legal entity (thus dating it back to circa
1954 – of which more later). It is also said that it is an
intelligence front for SMOM,
the official Vatican Order of the
Knights of Malta.
The Augustan Society was originally located in Torrance, California,
a location that gave rise to an insider adage “when you hear a
sneeze in Torrance, you hear a ‘God Bless you’ on the Via Condotti.”
The Via Condotti is the location of the Palazzo di Malta in Rome,
the HQ of SMOM. The SMOM connection to this story is not without
considerable interest. Members of this order have included such nazi
notables as Dr. Herman Abs, a director of I G Farben and Deutsche
Bank and who was known as “Hitler’s paymaster.”
Robert Gayre, one of
the founders of the Augustan Society was awarded the Grand Cross of
Merit of SMOM. Another to be honoured by SMOM was nazi spymaster,
Reinhard Gehlen – discussed above – who received the prestigious
Grand Cross of Merito Melitense in 1948. Another honoured by SMOM
was James Jesus Angleton, to whom we shall return shortly. Neither
of the Dulles brothers were honoured by this August body simply
because they were Protestants rather than Catholics.
Curiously however, Martin Bormann’s eldest son, Adolf Martin chose
to take holy orders in 1946 following a preliminary course at Federaun Monastery, located close to Villach in Austria. This
monastery was under the patronage of Bishop Hudal – one of the most
senior Vatican insiders who was responsible for running the nazi
underground escape railway known as the Ratlines. More alarming is
the fact that Hudal was the “guardian” of Aldolf Martin Bormann, as
he was also the guardian of another monk, Brother Avery Dulles, son
of John Foster Dulles, elder brother of Allen Dulles. It’s a small
world isn’t it.
The Knights of Malta were also responsible for helping thousands of
the worst Nazis and members of the SS escape to freedom down these
Ratlines, thus evading justice and avoiding the hangman’s noose at
Nuremberg. Originally conceived as an underground railroad for
wanted war criminals, it was quickly co-opted, I understand, to
smuggle nazi gold, currency and other plunder to replenish the
enormous sums lost by the Rockefeller family in pre-war German
investments. Assisting Rockefeller in this sleazy endeavour were,
Allen Dulles, Herbert Walker and James Jesus Angleton, the OSS
Italian bureau chief and later CIA Rome Bureau chief.
Angleton was in charge of the Vatican “account” and I understand
that he learned about the homosexual proclivities of Pope Pius XII
(formerly the Papal Nuncio in Bavaria) and was able to use this
information for blackmail purposes. Meanwhile, Allen Dulles, Herbert
Walker and James Jesus Angleton are said to have benefited most
handsomely from “commissions” earned for their assistance in
shifting plunder on behalf of the Rockefeller’s. Angleton benefited
even more since he was able to co-opt SMOM, the intelligence arm of
the Vatican, to work on behalf of US intelligence interests.
Patrons of the Augustan Society are listed as:
Ernst August Prinz zur
Dr. Otto von Habsburg – the old Austro-Hungarian Imperial
Prince Victor Emmanuel of Savoy – son of King Umberto
II, the last Italian king who was forced to relinquish his throne
after the war for being pro-Mussolini.31
Prince Victor Emmanuel is
the Grand Master of the authorized Vatican chivalric Order of St.
Maurice and St. Lazarus.
Another of those beguiling coincidences is that Robert Gayre, who is
mentioned above, was the head of the US branch of the racist
organization, the International Association for the Advancement of
Eugenics and Ethnology, which is headquartered in Scotland. Eugenics
formed a very powerful undercurrent in nazi ideology and thinking.
The IAAEE was founded by Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton who was a
Wing Commander in the RAF during WWII. Lord Malcolm was, moreover, a
member of the “Cliveden Set” - which is another name for the
Rhodes-Milner Oxford “Group” – that was sympathetic to Hitler’s war
aims. Not least, Lord Malcolm had the honour of being the brother of
the Duke of Hamilton who, as we know, was the host of Rudolf Hess
after his flight to Scotland in 1941.
Colonel Gayre also founded the Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem in
Edinburgh, with the US branch of this Order being established by
Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton. Lord Malcolm is a relative of the
late Queen Mother via his mother, Pamela Bowes-Lyon. Robert Gayre
was also the vice president of the International Commission for
Orders of Chivalry (ICC). The VI International Congress of the ICC
was held in Edinburgh in 1962, under the Honorary Presidency of the
Duke of Edinburgh and was presided over by the Duke of Hamilton.
BRIDGE TOO FAR
With this diversion fairly comprehensively covered, let’s now
briefly return to the actual events of Montgomery’s audacious
Operation Market Garden – the approved plan to take and hold the
five Dutch bridges that would open a way for a massive Allied thrust
at the heart of Germany.
Those who have seen the excellent film, based on Cornelius Ryan’s
book “A Bridge Too Far” will recall the sheer stubborn courage of
those soldiers of the Third Battalion of the US 82nd Airborne, under
the command of Major Julian Cook, who paddled across the Waal river
in slow, cumbersome boats, under a blizzard of deadly German fire,
to assault and hold the heavily defended but critical Nijmegen road
Bridge, a few miles south of Arnhem.
This was a last ditch attempt to relive the sorely battered British
paratroops at Arnhem led by Colonel John Frost. Eventually
succeeding, at terrible cost, the Nijmegen Bridge was taken and
held. But rather than rushing armour up the road to Arnhem to
relieve Colonel Frost and ensure success of Montgomery’s daring
plan, a British Guards Major arriving at Nijmegen Bridge told his
American counterparts that “we do not move our tanks at night.”32 A
furious Colonel Tucker, the regimental commander of the American
504th – that had secured the bridge, vehemently argued there was no
time to waste before the Germans reinforced and that the British
must grab the chance to reinforce Frost at Arnhem. Immune to these
arguments, the English Major repeated “Well, we can’t move our tanks
at night,” and then added “We will move them in the morning.”
next morning, as expected, the whole area was heavy with German armoured reinforcements.
Cornelius Ryan does not name the Grenadier Guards Major in his book,
which is unusual. There also appear to be some critical inaccuracies
in the chain of events he sets forth in his book.
A recent BBC documentary series called “Battlefields” presented by
historian Prof. Richard Holmes, focused one programme on “The Battle
for Arnhem.” The programme makers interviewed on camera Captain
Moffatt Burriss, commander of “I” company of the 504th, who was
present when General Horrocks first asked to Colonel Tucker,
commander of the 504th, if he would take the heavily defended bridge
by assaulting across the Waal. According to Burriss, General
“This is an awesome task, can your lads do it?” Tucker
replied, “Well general, if we take the bridge, will your tanks be
lined-up ready to go?” Horrocks replied, “My tanks will be lined-up
in full force, hell-bent for Arnhem and nothing will stop them.”34
Once the bridge had been taken, it was
Captain Burriss who welcomed
the first tanks across, and was astonished when they stopped. He
asked the sergeant in the first tank why they had stopped. The
sergeant who was commanding the first three tanks – soon to be
joined by a fourth under the command a the Grenadier Guards major –
said that there was a German anti tank gun up ahead and that,
go up there that gun will knock out my tank.” Burriss said, “Well,
we’ll go with you and get that gun.” But the offer wasn’t accepted
because, the sergeant said “No, I can’t go, I’ve got no orders.”35
situation that is in marked contrast to General Horrocks intentions
and his direct pledge to Colonel Tucker.
According to the Grenadier Guards war diary, they bridge at Nijmegen
was merely “consolidated.” Also appearing on the interview was the
Grenadier Guards major, who said, “it would have been quite
difficult to go ahead.” Captain Burriss didn’t see it that way. He
said during the programme that he “felt betrayed.” His men had taken
the bridge at massive cost, facing machine guns, 20mm canons and
numerous other weapons, but the British “were stopping because of
one gun and they had a whole Corps of tanks” at their disposal.
There was virtually nothing between the Grenadiers and Arnhem 8
miles away. At the north end of Arnhem Bridge the British
paratroopers still held out. With an injured Colonel Frost, his
second-in-command Major, Tony Hibbert of the 1st Parachute Brigade,
fought on. He could hear the tanks of the Grenadier Guards in the
distance. But they didn’t arrive. Interviewed for the BBC programme
he reflected wryly, perhaps even bitterly, that the Market Garden
plan “Could and should have worked,” adding with a wry look that the
tanks under the control of Lord Carrington were “over the bridge
before we were overrun.”
Royal patronage of the Grenadier Guards can be seen by virtue of the
fact that reigning British monarch’s are usually appointed as
“colonels-in-chief” of the Regiment. It is one of only five British
regiments who have the honour of trooping the monarch’s “colour” the
royal flag – in front of the Monarch on the occasion of their
official birthday. The ceremony derives from mounting guard of the
royal family and palaces and as “Household Troops” the Grenadiers
are one of the regiments who have the honour of guarding the
monarch. The rank and file of the Grenadiers swear an oath of
allegiance to the monarch as head of the Armed Forces of the United
Kingdom. It is considerable significance that the oath is sworn to
the reigning British monarch and not to Parliament. Interestingly,
the first public engagement of the present monarch, Queen Elizabeth
II, took place in 1942, when as a young princess she inspected the
Grenadier Guards on her 16th birthday.
The Grenadier Guards officer he was referring to was Major Peter
Alexander Rupert Smith, of the extremely powerful and influential
Smith family - an almost publicly unknown dynasty of bankers that
dates back 350 years. It was in the 1650’s when Thomas Smith founded
Samuel Smith & Co, Bankers in Nottingham, which is believed to have
been the first English bank headquartered outside of London.
Successive generations of Smiths ensured that the family business
flourished and by 1902 a total of ten branches were operating.
Not only did a leading member of the family befriended Lord
Rothschild, but a family member later married
a Rothschild. A
further dynastic marriage was to the well-known Baring family of
bankers. Their influence kept on expanding and expanding. Frances
Dora Smith married Sir Claude Lyon-Bowes, who were the grandparents
of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon who would marry Prince Albert (Bertie) in
1923. Prince Albert became King George VI in 1936 and Elizabeth
become Queen Elizabeth I - later known as the Queen Mother. Frances
Dora Smith married Sir Claude Lyon-Bowes, who were the grandparents
of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon who married Prince Albert (Bertie) in 1923.
Prince Albert became King George V1 in 1936 and Elizabeth become
Queen Elizabeth I - later known as the Queen Mother.
years, newspaper article concerning the Queen Mothers favourable
attitude to the “pro-peace movement” spoke of her “desire to avert
war with Germany and for closer ties to be established between the
36 One newspaper went so far as to state that the
Queen would have willingly accepted a German occupation providing
that the monarchy and her place in it remained intact.37 Her
brother, David Bowes-Lyon, to whom she was exceptionally close was,
before the war, a director of Lazard Brothers bankers and who also
held an “important but vaguely defined role in SOE.”38
The Lazard’s connection is significant inasmuch as this bank was a
link to pro-Nazi Sir Henri Deterding of Royal Dutch Shell and
Viscount Bearsted of Hill Samuel, both of whom connect to Baron Kurt
von Schroder – a hard core Nazi, a financier of SS chief Heinrich Himmler and a leading member of the “circle of friends of the
Reichsfuhrer.” Von Schroder coincidentally employed Allen Dulles as
his American attorney.
39 He was also a director of Lazard Brothers
and a member of the Anglo-German Fellowship, which was founded in
1935 by German banker Ernest Tennant - a close friend of Hitler’s
Foreign Minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop - and had numerous members
who admired Hitler. Some, went even further.
For example, Sir Oswald Mosley founded the fascist British Black
shirts, which was funded by Berlin. Another was nazi enthusiast,
Admiral Sir Barry Domville, who would later become a Shickshinny
Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe Coburg & Gotha was sent by
Hitler to England to be the President of the Fellowship with
instructions to improve Anglo-German relations and to push for an
alliance between both countries. Another member was the Duke of
Hamilton, who as we have seen, was the British point of contact
sought by Rudolf Hess in his flight to Scotland. Saxe Coburg Gotha
is, of course, the real family name of the British royal family, who
changed to Windsor during the First World War to dilute any
expressions of animosity by the British public.
The connections of the British royal family to the Nazis
continue. Prince George, the Duke of Kent, brother of King George VI,
died on 25th August 1942 aboard a Sunderland flying boat belonging
to 228 Squadron of Coastal Command that crashed into a hill, called
the Eagle’s Rock, near Berriedale, Caithness, Scotland. The authors
of the book “Double Standards”
41 make a strong case that the
aircraft was sabotaged on the instructions of Churchill, in order to
avert the conclusion of a secret alliance agreed in principle
between Germany and England that was to be signed in Sweden by the
Duke of Kent, presumably on behalf of his brother, the King.
authors believe that aboard the aircraft and travelling with the
Duke was none other that deputy fuehrer, Rudolf Hess.42 Staying at Balmoral the night before the crash, according to one biography of
the Queen Mother, the Duke feasted on a last supper of sorts. His
dinner companion was Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.
Princess Sophie, the closest sister in age to Prince Philip (who
changed his surname to Mountbatten and became the Duke of Edinburgh
in 1947 upon his marriage to Princess Elizabeth), married Prince
Christopher of Hesse who was a member of Himmler's staff, having
enlisted as an "agent."
43 Prince Christopher died in an aircraft
accident in 1944, two years after the extremely suspicious death of
the Duke of Kent.
SNATCHING VICTORY FROM DEFEAT
It should come as no surprise to learn that the Grenadier Guards
Major, Peter Smith, is the 6th Baron Carrington more commonly known
as Lord Carrington, who in April 1985 was honoured by the Queen when
he was made a knight of the Most Noble
Order of the Garter, the
oldest and most prestigious British Order of chivalry that dates
back almost 700 years. As a member of the royal family bloodline,
Lord Carrington’s illustrious career has included a stint as
chairman of the secretive and elite Bildergers. Not least, he was a
former President of the Pilgrim Society that was founded in London
in 1902 (and New York in 1903), as a dying wish of Cecil Rhodes.
Another member of this ultra secret society was none other than the
Duke of Kent, as was A J Drexel Biddle.
Founded in May 1954,
the Bilderberg Conferences bring together the
elite of the world to seek a consensus on how global matters are to
be shaped. It is viewed with extreme suspicion by many who see it as
working outside of democratic control to foist on them a dictatorial
world order dedicated to the interests of the elite few.
Those instrumental in the founding of Bilderberg have included,
General Walter Bedell Smith, Allen Dulles and Antoine Pinay, the
ultra right French Prime Minister and Otto Wolff of the Cologne
based firm Otto Wolff A. G., whose father was a substantial
contributor to Hitler. Another was Sir Collin Gubbins, wartime head
of the SOE who had established and trained Auxilary Units to resist
underground in the event of a nazi invasion. These, in turn, were
linked to the so-called Army “Oxen Units” that engaged in sabotage.
One such Oxen Unit was in Berriedale at the time the Duke of Kent’s
Attendees are numerous and very influential. These have included,
David Rockefeller, Walter Boveri Jr, son of the founder
of Brown Boveri, Sir Eric Roll of Warburg’s London based merchant
bank and Dr. Herman Abs of I G Farben – to name just a few who are
relevant to this essay. The first Bilderberg chairman was Prince
Bernhard of the Netherlands, who remained chairing the meetings
until 1976, when he stood down following his disgrace for accepting
bribes in the Lockheed affair.46
Of significance is the fact that the first Bilderberg meeting was
held ten years after the failed Operation Market Garden, in a hotel
(named the Bilderberg – hence the name of the group), that is
located in Oosterbeek, Holland, just a few kilometers from both
Arnhem and Nijmegen – and in the very middle of the fighting to take
the Arnhem bridge.
Is it possible that Oosterbeck was chosen for the first meeting of
Bilderberg in order to secretly celebrate the success in getting the
wealth of nazi Germany to safety as planned by Bormann? Possibly. In
the first two years of its existence, four meetings were held, on a
semi-annual basis.47 For 1954, meeting were held in May and again in
September. In 1955, they were in March and September. Thereafter,
meetings have been held just once annually in May. September 1954
was, of course, the month of the failed – or betrayed – Operation
1954 is of significance for other reasons, too, for it was in 1954
that the Allies finally agreed to return Western Germany to the
status of a sovereign nation and German companies were, at last,
freed from Allied control on 5th May 1955. The assets of
Krupp and others that had been secreted abroad could now be
untangled and returned to once again rebuild Germany – as foreseen
by Bormann.48 The treaty that ended the occupation of West Germany
was signed in Paris in October 1954.
The past is the future. Sadly.
1 By “revolving” I mean to suggest
that whoever wins an American presidential election, US foreign
policy remains fundamentally unchanged.
2 It is here of considerable significance that it was following
the Versailles Treaty that many German industrialists, including
the Thyssen and Dornier family, first developed their financial
techniques to cloak ownership of their assets.
3 See Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince lecture “The Rise of the
Rough Beast” at the Sauniere Society Symposium, 19th September
1999. Also see numerous articles on Synarchism and the
Synarchist agenda published by EIR.
4 Picknett and Prince, Ibid.
5 Antony Sutton, “The Secret Cult of The Order” – page 32.
6 See article by John Loftus “How the Bush family made its
fortune from the Nazis“ sept 2000 at
7 See "Timeline of Treason: The Bush Family Connections to the
Nazis" - from:
8 See Anthony Sutton’s “Wall Street and the Bolshevik
9 See Sutton’s “Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler” – page 93
10. See Charles Higham’s “Trading With The Enemy” 1983– page
11 Ibid – page 211.
12 Ibid – page 133.
14 See my article “The Spoils of War” at
15 See Carroll Quigley’s “The Anglo-American Establishment” –
page 307 (published by GSG & Associates, California, 1981)
16 See Sutton’s “The Secret Cult of the Order” – page 34/35.
17 See Paul Manning’s “Martin Bormann – Nazi in Exile” – page
18 Two additional persons, both German government officials,
were present at the Red House meeting.
19 See Paul Manning's Martin Bormann - Nazi in Exile ibid.,–
20 See Cornelius Ryan’s “A Bridge Too Far” 1999– page 48. (also
Simon and Schuster 1974)
21 Ibid – page70.
22 Ibid – page 43.
23 "The Fraternity" was the name chosen by author Charles Higham,
in his book American Swastika, to describe the network of
prominent people and large corporations in Allied and neutral
nations that cooperated with the Nazis.
24 See Higham’s “Trading With The Enemy” – pages 179-181
25 This account is contained in an unpublished manuscript on
matters relating to the Nazis and US business interests that was
written by Prof. Peter Dale Scott, who kindly provided a copy to
28 See Charles Higham “American Swastika” – page 260.
29 See John Loftus article “The Dutch Connection” (available at
http://www.john-loftus.com/Thyssen.asp) for details of
Operation Juliana. However, Dutch journalist, Ton Biesemaat
disputes the accuracy of Loftus allegations, saying that the
Prince was not directly involved but instead directed
"influential friends and agents to do the job for him."
Biesemaat also says that no crown jewels were recovered in
Berlin but instead some "shares" of the royal family were
recovered, although the main objective was to secure the fortune
of the "Thyssen Bornemisza family" (private correspondence with
30 For more on the Shickshinny Knights see my article “The
Spoils of War” at
31 Although I understand that King Umberto II in fact hated
Mussolini, but consented to abdicate to avoid an outbreak of
32 See Cornelius Ryan's “A Bridge Too Far”, in which he
frustratingly neglects to name the English major in question.
Ryan, however, by no means alone in this oversight. I could find
no online source that did name the major, which may go some way
towards revealing the awesome actual power of a truly powerful
33 Recorded by Thomas Pitt, a Sergeant in the 504th of the 82nd
Airborne, who was present during these deliberations.
34 Notes taken from the BBC TV documentary programme
36 See Lynn Picknett, Clive Prince and Stephen Prior’s “Double
Standards – The Rudolf Hess Cover-Up” – page 265.
37 Ibid – see also The Independent on Sunday, 5 March 2000.
38 See Picknett, Prince & Prior's "Double Standard's" – page
39 See Hugh Thomas SS-1 The Unlikely Death of Heinrich Himmler –
40 On the Shickshinny’ s see my associated article The Spoils of
41 See “Double Standards” – above – page 433.
42 Hugh Thomas's book the Murder of Rudolph Hess contains the
now fairly well-known story that it was not hess but a double
who was imprisoned in Spandau. Once it became known that the
Russians were prepared to release him after decades of refusing
to do so, the imprisoned double was murdered to keep the secret
43 See Hugh Thomas SS-1 , ibid
44 Ibid – page 421
45 See Picknett, Prince and Prior, Double Standards, ibid, page
46 Prince Bernhard died on 1 Dec 2004, just as this article was
being prepared for press.
47. Holly Sklar's Trilateralism mentions this curious fact on
48. See Paul Manning's “Martin Bormann” – above – page 281
49. Ibid – page 258.