from AncientDestructions Website
(Oronteus Fineus map)
shows an ice free Antarctica.
The Oronteus Finaeus map, also spelled Oronteus Fineus map, was incredibly precise. It too shows an ice free Antarctica with no ice-cap. It was drawn in the year 1532.
There are also maps
showing Greenland as two separated islands, as it was confirmed by a
polar French expedition which found out that there is an ice cap
quite thick joining what it is actually two islands.
Such a natural bridge has
been then covered by the water due to the end of the glacial period,
which rose up the sea level.
They seem to be pieces of a very ancient world wide map, drawn by unknown people who were able to use technology that we consider to be a conquer of the very modern times.
At a time when human beings were supposedly living in a primitive manner, someone "put on paper" the whole geography of the earth.
And this common knowledge
somehow fell into pieces, then gathered here and there by several
people, who had lost though the knowledge, and just copied what they
could find in libraries, bazaars, markets and about all kind of
It showed the same high level of technology of the other western charts, the same grid method, the same use of spheroid trigonometry.
It has so many common points with the western ones that it makes think more than reasonably, that there had to be a common source:
The earliest known civilization, the Sumerians in Mesopotamia, appear out of 'nowhere' around 4,000 B.C. but have no nautical or maritime cultural heritage.
They do, however, speak
reverently of ancestral people who were like the "gods" and were
The Oronteus Finaeus Map of Antarctica redrawn on the modern equidistant azimuthal polar projection, compares with the modern map of Antarctica on the same projection (Christian Science Monitor).
A comparison of the Oronteus Fineus Map with the map of the sub glacial land surfaces of Antarctica produced by survey teams or various nations during the International Geophysical Year (1958) seems to explain some of the apparent short-comings of the ice free Antarctica Oronteus Finaeus Map, and at the same time throws some light on the question of the probable extent of glacial conditions when the original maps were drawn.
In 1959, however, in the Library of Congress, Hapgood noticed a presumably authentic map that instantly wiped out his doubts:
To even the most skeptical, the Oronteus Finaeus map is startling. Although it was printed in a book in 1531 - and was thus not subject to subsequent amendment - it is remarkably similar to today's maps of Antarctica.
Admittedly it is too close to the tip of South America, and it is incorrectly oriented, yet the proportions seem similar, the coastal mountains, found in the 1957 geophysical study are in roughly the right places and so are many bays and rivers.
Furthermore, the shape of
South America itself seems right, and the close resemblance between
a modern, scientifically exact map of the Ross Sea and Finaeus'
unnamed gulf is striking.
To Hapgood and his team, that meant that at some time in the past the Ross Sea and its coasts - scene of the November, 1979 air disaster on Mount Erebus - and some of the hinterland of Antarctica were free of ice.
It also suggested to Hapgood that since the Antarctic was certainly ice-bound in 1531 - when Oronteus Finaeus made his map - Finaeus must have had access to very ancient maps indeed:
There is, moreover, the perplexing problem of the Oronteus Finaeus map.
Even if Piri Reis "Antarctica" turns out to be South America - drawn horizontally - or even Australia, the Finnaeus "Antarctica" is surely Antarctica and his map was also drawn in the 16th century: 1531.
Furthermore, the Hapgood team identified 50 geographical points on the Finaeus map, as re-projected, whose latitudes and longitudes were located quite accurately in latitude and longitude, some of them quite close to the pole.
So how did this happen to be recorded in not one but at least four maps?
Either our "known"
history of human beings on this planet is wrong, our 'history' of
our planet's development is wrong, there were highly developed
civilizations on Earth that we are ignoring because it doesn't fit
into the established "norm" or the ancient maps that predated these
and were used as reference were done by alien cartographers or
someone - drawing our planet from the air.
Today huge glaciers feed into it, making it a floating ice shelf hundreds of feet thick. Yet this map and the Reis map show estuaries and rivers at the site.
In 1949 coring was done to take samples of the ice and sediment at the bottom of the Ross Sea.
They clearly showed several layers of stratification, meaning the area went through several environmental changes. Some of the sediments were of the type usually brought down to the sea by rivers.
Tests done at the
Carnegie Institute in Washington DC, which date radioactive elements
found in sea water, dated the sediments at about 4000 BC, which
would mean the area was ice free with flowing rivers up until that
time - exactly what is recorded on the Reis and Oronteus Finaeus
maps probably from the libraries of Alexandria.
The U.S. Air Force SAC
cartographers, for example, worked with him for two years and fully
endorsed his conclusions about Antarctica.