by Stephen Smith
In December 1995, after a six year journey, the Galileo spacecraft entered orbit around Jupiter.
Upon completion of its mission, the 320 kilogram probe was sent into the Jovian atmosphere to be incinerated. NASA scientists feared that, once its fuel supply was exhausted and it could no longer make orbital corrections, Galileo might randomly crash into one of Jupiter’s moons.
They were especially concerned about Europa.
They were also surprised when Europa exhibited few craters.
Instead, its surface is dominated by sinuous channels (below image), or “rilles,” that extend for thousands of kilometers in some cases.
Complex cycloid (below image) formations, called “flexi” also mystified NASA engineers.
What could create such exotic
structures? As of this writing, that question has yet to be answered
by mission analysts.
A “decoupled” surface is supposed to experience periodic deformation because movement of the ice creates stress cracks (image above), allowing gigantic rafts (below image) to form.
They are said to
float around Europa, crashing into each other as heat from the
interior disturbs their motion.
There are chaotic formations (above image) on Europa, as well. All regions on Europa are complexes of parallel and side-by-side grooves with no indications of fracturing.
Can repeatedly breaking ice produce
extensive parallel grooves (below image) with levees?
“Cracking” on Europa continues to be the official interpretation, although high resolution images contradict that assumption.
The larger channels are smooth, with a constant channel width, sometimes for over a thousand kilometers. In an Electric Universe, such features are not surprising.
arc, flowing across the surface, can be “pinched” by its magnetic
field into a thin filament that draws other filaments into parallel
The swirls and loops that cover the moon
duplicated in the laboratory using plasma discharge
Europa’s liquid ocean is most likely a
data modeling illusion.