by Paul LaViolette
from Etheric Website
Superwave Theory Predictions and their Subsequent Verification
At the time of this prediction, astronomers believed that the cores of galaxies, including our own, become active ("explode") about every 10 to 100 million years and stay active for about a million years.
Since our own Galactic core presently appears quiescent, they believed it would likely remain inactive for many tens of millions of years.
Although, in 1977, astronomer Jan Oort cited evidence that our
Galactic core has been active within the past 10,000 years.
Subsequent concurrence (1998):
In 1988, when presented with Dr. LaViolette’s Galactic explosion hypothesis, astronomer
dismissed the idea as having no merit. However, in 1998 after ten
years of observation, Morris was quoted as saying that the center of
our Galaxy explodes about every 10,000 years with these events each
lasting 100 years or so.
time of this prediction, astronomers believed that interstellar
magnetic fields entrap cosmic rays released from Galactic core
outbursts and slow their outward progress so that they reach the
Earth after millions of years in the form of a constant low
intensity background radiation.
Astrophysicists discovered that X-ray pulsars
continuously shower the Earth with high-energy cosmic ray particles
that have traveled over 25,000 light-years at nearly the speed of
light, following straight-line trajectories unaffected by
interstellar magnetic fields.
Astrophysicists detected a strong gamma ray pulse arriving from a galaxy billions of light years away having a redshift of 3.4 (see Prediction No. 10 below).
Mainstream media, such as Sky & Telescope magazine, suggested that this gamma ray pulse may be accompanied by a volley of high energy cosmic ray particles travelling at very close to the speed of light along a rectilinear trajectory and that the gamma ray pulse is produced by the radial outward movement of this volley.
In effect, they were
restating the same Galactic superwave idea that LaViolette had
proposed 14 years earlier in the face of stiff resistance from
Radio astronomers announce at the January 2000
American Astronomical Society meeting that the synchrotron radio
emission radiated from the Galactic center (Sgr A*) is circularly
polarized. Scientists present at the meeting concurred with Dr. LaViolette’s suggestion that the
circular polarization indicated
that cosmic ray electrons were travelling radially away from the
Galactic center along straight-line trajectories.
At the time
of this prediction, astronomers believed that the background cosmic
ray flux has remained constant for millions of years, that intense
cosmic ray bombardments occur very infrequently, perhaps every 30
million years, primarily as a result of nearby supernova explosions.
Glaciologists discovered beryllium-10 isotope peaks in ice age polar ice.
These indicated that the cosmic ray flux
on the Earth became very high on several occasions during the last
ice age, confirming Dr. LaViolette’s theory that Galactic superwaves
have repeatedly passed through our solar system in geologically
At the time of this prediction, astronomers believed that the solar
system resided in a relatively dust free region of space.
The IRAS satellite team published infrared
observations showing that the solar system is surrounded by nearby
"cirrus" dust cloud wisps.
Astronomer H. Aumann’s observations suggested
that the solar system is surrounded by a dust envelope 500 times
denser than previously thought.
Telescope observations revealed the
presence of the Kuiper belt, a dense population of cometary bodies
encircling the solar system, beginning just beyond the orbit of
Neptune and extending outward past the heliopause sheath.
Observations of the influx of interstellar dust
particles using the Ulysses spacecraft lead Markus Landgraf and his
team of European Space Agency astronomers to conclude that the solar
system is surrounded by a ring of orbiting dust that begins just
outside the orbit of Saturn.
At the time of this prediction, astronomers believed that the rate at which cosmic dust particles have been entering the solar system and the Earth’s atmosphere has remained constant for millions of years.
believed that the solar system lies in a relatively clean
interstellar space environment and hence that there is no need to
expect the occurrence of recent cosmic dust incursions.
LaViolette was the first to measure the extraterrestrial material content of prehistoric polar ice. Using the neutron activation analysis technique, he found high levels of iridium and nickel in 6 out of the 8 polar ice dust samples (35k to 73k yrs BP), an indication that they contain high levels of cosmic dust.
This showed that Galactic superwaves may have affected our
solar system in the recent past. In addition, he discovered gold in
one 50,000 year old sample, making this the first time gold had been
discovered in polar ice.
The IRAS satellite team reported observations that the zodiacal dust cloud is tilted 3 degrees relative to the ecliptic with ascending and descending ecliptic nodes at 87° and 267°, but failed to draw a conclusion from this finding.
realized that the nodes are aligned with the Galactic-center-anticenter
direction in support of his earlier prediction that interstellar
dust has recently entered the solar system from the Galactic center
direction. 1987: He published a paper in Earth, Moon, and Planets
journal explaining that the orientation of the zodiacal dust cloud
nodes indicates that this zodiacal dust recently entered from the
direction of the Galactic center.
NASA’s Ulysses spacecraft team published observations indicating that interstellar dust is currently entering the solar system from the Galactic center direction (from the direction the interstellar wind blows towards us) and hence that most of the dust outside the asteroid belt is of interstellar origin.
Their findings were predicted by LaViolette’s 1983 and 1987
publications. One Ulysses team member had received
publications in 1985, but LaViolette’s work was not cited.
Cosmochemists publish observations showing that
Helium-3 concentrations in ocean sediments, an indicator of
extraterrestrial dust influx, changed by over 3 fold on a 100,000
year cycle between 250,000 and 450,000 years ago.
The AMOR radar in New Zealand detected a strong
flux of interstellar meteoroid particles, measuring 15 to 40 microns
in size, entering the solar system from the Galactic center
LaViolette demonstrates that the acid layers found in 15,850 year old Antarctic polar ice vary in magnitude with an eleven year solar cycle period thereby indicating an extraterrestrial origin for this material.
This finding is supported by the discovery mentioned below (2003) that interstellar dust influx varies in accordance with solar cycle phase.
The finding that
this gas influx event heralded a series of warming trends that ended
the ice age, implicates cosmic dust and solar activation as the
causal agents responsible for terminating glacial cycles.
Using data obtained from the Ulysses spacecraft, a group of European Space Agency astronomers led by Markus Landgraf discover that the rate of interstellar dust influx increased three fold from 1997 to 2000 with the approach to solar maximum.
They theorize a correlation between solar cycle phase and
interstellar dust influx rate, with the influx rate being highest at
the time of solar maximum. Such a correlation could explain why the
Sun could become locked into an active, dust accreting mode during
times of superwave passage.
At the time of this
prediction, astronomers speculated that tin found in
extraterrestrial material could have isotope ratios different from
those of terrestrial tin. But up until that time no tin isotopic
anomalies had been reported.
Geochemists at Curtin University
(Australia) in collaboration with LaViolette used a mass
spectrometry technique to determine the isotopic ratios of an
unirradiated portion of the tin-rich dust sample. They found
significant isotopic anomalies in four isotopes thereby confirming
LaViolette’s prediction that the tin dust is of extraterrestrial
origin. This marked the first time that tin isotopic anomalies had
Cosmochemist F. Rietmeijer published a
paper describing the discovery of tin oxide grains inside
interplanetary dust particles, with tin abundances much higher than
typically found in chondritic meteorites. This helps to substantiate
LaViolette’s 1983 claim that the solar system is surrounded by dust
enriched in tin and that this is the source of the tin-rich dust
found in polar ice.
At the time of this prediction, climatologists believed that the Alleröd-Bölling warming and Younger Dryas cold period at the end of the ice age were confined primarily to Europe.
They assumed that there was no global warming at the end of the ice age, that the northern continental ice sheets did not melt synchronously with the southern ice sheets, and that the warming in the north was due to heat being drawn from the Southern Hemisphere.
Climatologists published temperature
profiles from various parts of the world showing the presence of
this same climatic oscillation, but did not connect their data with
the idea of global climatic shifts.
Climatologists (Steig et al.) published findings in Science demonstrating the synchronous occurrence of the Alleröd-Bölling-Younger Dryas climatic oscillation in the Taylor Dome Antarctic ice core. They claimed this as evidence that the last ice age was ended by a global warming.
Although they should have
been aware of LaViolette’s publications, their report did not cite
his prior work.
At the time of LaViolette’s prediction, the general opinion was that the Sun has remained in its present quiescent solar cycle state for hundreds of millions of years.
A small group of astronomers, however, dissented with this view. For example, in 1969, astrophysicist Thomas Gold published lunar rock evidence indicating that, within the last 30,000 years, the radiation intensity on the Moon had reached 100 suns for 10 to 100 seconds, possibly due to a solar nova.
In 1975, astronomer A. Lovell suggested that sun-like stars occasionally produce flares of up to 10^37 ergs, 30,000 times more energetic than the largest solar flare of modern times. In 1977, astrophysicists Wdowczyk and Wolfendale suggested that the Sun might produce a flare a million times larger (3 X 10^38 ergs) about once every 100,000 years.
Moreover in 1978, NASA astronomers Zook, Hartung, and Storzer had published lunar rock evidence indicating that 16,000 years ago solar flare background radiation intensity on the Moon’s surface had peaked to 50 times the current intensity and that this may have been somehow associated with the retreat of the ice sheets.
The idea that the Earth and Moon might have been
affected in the past by the arrival of a giant solar coronal mass
ejection had not yet been advanced.
Satellite observations showed solar flares ejecting expanding balls of plasma called "coronal mass ejections" and demonstrated that these were capable of travelling outward beyond the Earth’s orbit.
This lent credence to LaViolette’s
theory that a large coronal plasma "fireball" thrown off by an
immense solar flare may have reached the Earth and
Moon and scorched
Astronomers announced that they had observed large explosive outbursts from the surfaces of nearby normal sunlike stars. These "superflares" were observed to range from 100 to 10 million times the energy of the largest flare observed on the Sun in modern times and were estimated to occur about once every hundred years.
This confirmed the Lovell hypothesis and increased the
plausibility of LaViolette’s suggestion that the Sun was producing
mega solar flares and intense plasma fireballs at the end of the
last ice age.
As early as the late 1970’s Dr. Han Kloosterman was arguing that a global conflagration was the cause of the black layer found in Alleröd sediments in southern England and in the Great Lakes Region.
Later in 2002, when Dr. LaViolette first became aware of his work, he was on a geological field trip accumulating evidence of the black Usselo Horizon dating from the Alleröd/Younger Dryas transition and correlative with similar horizons found in Great Britain, Belgium, France, Germany, Denmark, Poland, and the southwestern U.S. Kloosterman concluded that this layer was produced by a global conflagration which was also responsible for the extinction of the Pleistocene megafauna.
Kloosterman’s thesis and
evidence of the Usselo horizon confirm the solar CME scenario that
LaViolette had proposed.
At the time of LaViolette’s prediction, geophysicists believed that geomagnetic reversals and magnetic polarity flips were brought about by causes internal to the Earth, that they arose from instabilities in the inner rotation of the Earth’s core magnetic dynamo.
that these field excursions took hundreds of years to occur due to
the inherently slow movement of the core material.
Geophysicists reported their analysis of a geomagnetic reversal recorded in the Steens Mountain lava formation, conclusively demonstrating that during this reversal the Earth’s magnetic pole changed direction as fast as 8 degrees per day.
overthrew the conventional geocentric view which could not account
for such rapid changes with internal motions of the Earth’s core
dynamo. It confirmed Dr. LaViolette’s mechanism of rapid change.
Unaware of LaViolette’s publications, two French geophysicists published a paper that sought to explain the Steens Mountain polarity reversal as being due to a solar cosmic ray cause. Their mechanism was the same as that which LaViolette had proposed 6 years before the Steens Mountain discovery.
At the time of this proposal, the idea that anomalously young radiocarbon dates might be produced by intense solar cosmic ray bombardments had not been suggested.
Such young dates were thought to be due to sample
contamination with younger carbon having a higher C-14 content.
After conducting seven years of research, archeologist William Topping proposed that the abnormally young radiocarbon dates of ice age Paleo-Indian sites (ca. 12,400 - 13,000 calendar yrs BP) could be explained if a major solar flare cosmic ray particle storm had caused in situ carbon-14 production from nitrogen in the organic remains of those strata.
His conclusion of heavy particle bombardment in Paleo-Indian times was partly supported by his discovery of particle tracks and micrometeorite craters in artifacts. This in situ C-14 production mechanism is the same that LaViolette had earlier proposed to explain the young dates for Pleistocene mammal remains dating from a similar period.
Topping, LaViolette had concluded that the demise of the large
mammals at that time was due to a solar flare conflagration. Since
Topping was probably not aware of LaViolette’s dissertation, his
work would constitute independent corroboration.
Researchers report the discovery that there had been a sudden increase in atmospheric radiocarbon levels at the Allerød/Younger Dryas transition boundary.
Over a 300 year
period between the time of the IntraAllerod Cold Peak and the
beginning of the Younger Dryas, atmospheric C-14 levels rose from 3
to 7 % and subsequently declined during the course of the Younger Dryas.
At the time
of this prediction, geologists believed that the ice sheets melted
gradually at the end of the ice age and that their meltwater outflow
was also gradual, with the exception of instances of dam breaks
occurring in proglacial lakes such as Lake Missoula in Montana.
To explain sediment morphology in Manitoba,
North Dakota, and Minnesota, geologists Alan Kehew and Lee Clayton
propose the occurrence of catastrophic floods produced by a domino
effect of proglacial lake discharges. LaViolette had proposed a
similar domino effect mechanism for the production of glacier waves
on the surfaces of ice sheets.
German scientist Harmut Heinrich calls attention to North Atlantic ocean sediment layers composed primarily of rock grains of continental bedrock origin that had been transported distances of up to 3000 kilometers prior to their deposition. Subsequent investigations uncovered evidence that these "Heinrich layers" were deposited suddenly.
Heinrich advances a theory that this material was transported by drifting and melting ice bergs. However, not all are satisfied with this explanation which fails to explain the suddenness of the deposition events.
In 2001, LaViolette shows that Heinrich
events correlate with times of climatic warming and that these
layers are evidence of long-range sediment transport by glacier
waves. He shows that Heinrich layer 0 correlates with accelerated
glacier wave discharge activity he proposed was occurring around
12,700 years BP and that Heinrich layer 1 spans the Pre-Bölling
Interstadial which began the deglaciation phase.
Canadian geologist John Shaw points out that drumlins are more likely produced by forceful discharges of glacial meltwater rather than by the action of slowly advancing glaciers. He proposes that the meltwater discharges had reached depths of hundreds of feet and that they originated from beneath the glaciers.
However, more probably they were formed by glacier waves originating
from the ice sheet surface.
During the early 1970’s, astronomers discovered the Earth is sporadically bombarded by gamma ray bursts. At the time of this prediction, they incorrectly assumed that gamma ray bursts were medium energy events originating from local sources within our Galaxy.
They did not
regard them as a significant social threat.
In December 1997, astronomers for the first time pinpointed the source of a gamma ray burst and found that it originated from a galaxy lying billions of light years away.
led them to conclude that these are mostly extragalactic events
having total energies millions of times greater than they had
previously supposed, thereby confirming LaViolette’s earlier
proposal of the existence of high intensity gamma ray bursts. If
this particular outburst had originated from our Galactic center, it
would have delivered 100,000 times the lethal dose to all exposed
Earth life forms.
Some months later, in August 27, 1998, a 5 minute long gamma ray pulse arrived from a Galactic source located 20,000 light years away in the constellation of Aquila.
The event was strong enough to ionize the upper atmosphere and seriously disrupt satellites and spacecraft. It triggered a defensive instrument shutdown on at least two spacecraft. Astronomers acknowledged that this marked the first time they became aware that energetic outbursts from distant astronomical sources could affect the Earth’s physical environment.
These events reaffirmed the
validity of warnings LaViolette made 9 years earlier about the
potential hazards of such gamma ray bursts.
At the time Paul LaViolette was writing in 1983, most astronomers believed that quasars and blazars were very different from most other galaxies and in a class of their own. LaViolette recalls a telephone conversation he had, in which the renown astronomer Geoffrey Burbidge steadfastly defended this view.
Astronomers also believed that active giant
elliptical galaxies were structurally different from spiral
Astronomers publish the results of a survey which imaged quasars using the Hubble Space Telescope. These quasars (luminous cores) are seen to be surrounded by spiral arm disks, just as LaViolette had predicted.
Earlier in 1982 a group of astronomers had resolved galactic light fuzz around quasar 3C273 using a special imaging technique. This was published after the date of LaViolette’s prediction.
In 1997 NASA astronomers release a photo
of an active giant elliptical galaxy that resolves its equatorial
dust lane and shows that it is oriented edge-on as LaViolette had
At the time of this
prediction, ancient historians, cultural anthropologists and
scholars of esoteric traditions did not suspect that ancient myth
makers knew the location of the Galactic center or that they had
associated this part of the sky with the cataclysmic cycles
described in legend.
In a December 1994 magazine article and later in his book Maya Cosmogenesis 2012 (1998), John Major Jenkins presented his findings that Mayan lore contains a Galactic center oriented cosmology, that specifically refers to the Galactic center vicinity (ecliptic-Galactic plane crossing point) in connection with the occurrence of the Mayan World Ages.
One of his findings is that the Mayan calendar 2012 AD end date, which designates the end of the present World Age, also indicates the time when the Earth’s precessing axis will be maximally tipped in the direction of this Galactic plane intersection point. Jenkins was not aware of LaViolette’s work at the time he wrote, so his findings constitute an instance of independent discovery and corroboration.
into much greater depth in exploring Mayan cosmological references
to the Galactic center, but did not explore the Galactic
explosion/Earth cataclysm theme discovered by LaViolette.
Jay Weidner and Vincent Bridges have deciphered a stone monument cipher that was erected in a French monastery at Hendaye during the 17th century. They find that its message attributes the biblical cataclysm to a celestial double catastrophe and that its encoded astrological chart specifies the year 2002 AD as the date of the next apocalyptic event.
In 1997 they encountered
Dr. LaViolette’s work and realized that the Galactic center
cataclysm he was describing explained the message on the stone cross
at Hendaye. They have published their findings in a book entitled
MONUMENT TO THE END OF TIME: Alchemy, Fulcanelli and the Great
Cross, Vol. I The Cross at Hendaye
LaViolette discovered that the largest acidity
spike in the entire Antarctic ice core record was produced by a
major solar wind mass outflow that began about 13,880 B.C. and
tailed off about 13,785 B.C., thereby corroborating the date encoded
in zodiac star lore.
The electric field in the core of a nucleon is assumed to be aperiodic and to rise to a sharp cusp at the particle’s center.
Particle scattering form factor data for the proton and neutron is found to be best fit by a model in which the nucleon core electric charge density distribution has characteristics similar to those that subquantum kinetics had predicted.
Energy boosting during collision, however, did cause the
target nucleons to exhibit a wavelength slightly shorter than had
assumed to produce matter-attracting fields just like protons.
Gravitational repulsion is considered a speculative idea.
Drs. Evgeny Podkletnov and Giovanni Modanese
discover that an axial high-voltage electron discharge produces a
matter-repelling gravity wave that travels in the direction of the
discharge exerting a longitudinal repulsive gravitational force on a
distant test mass.
At the time of this prediction, physicists and astronomers
generally assume that photon energy is perfectly conserved and most
attribute the cosmological redshift to the assumed expansion of
Dr. LaViolette checks this photon redshifting prediction by comparing the tired-light non-expanding universe model and the expanding universe model (standard Freidman cosmology) to observational data on four different cosmology tests.
He demonstrates that the tired-light model consistently makes a closer fit to observational data on all tests. His findings, which were published in the Astrophysical Journal (1986), confirm the subquantum kinetics tired light prediction and the notion that the universe is cosmologically stationary.
These findings undermine a
key support of the big bang theory. An update of this evidence is
presented in Chapter 7 of
At the time of this prediction, physicists and astronomers adhered to the idea that energy is perfectly conserved.
Stars are assumed to generate their energy either through nuclear fusion or from heat released from gravitational accretion. Planets are instead thought to acquire their luminosity from stored heat.
There is no reason to believe that planets should conform to the stellar mass-luminosity relation.
Dr. LaViolette tested this genic energy prediction by plotting the mass-luminosity coordinates of the jovian planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, and Uranus) to compare them with the mass-luminosity relation for red dwarf stars and found that both planets and stars conformed to the same relation. Other astronomers had not previously done this because doing so didn’t make sense in the context of the conventional astrophysical paradigm.
This conformance suggests that the heat coming from the interiors of planets is produced in the same way as that radiating from the interiors of red dwarf stars, just as subquantum kinetics predicts.
He also showed that the genic energy hypothesis predicts a slope for the "planetary stellar M-L relation" similar to the observed slope. In addition, he showed that the upward extension of the M-L relation predicts that about 16% of the Sun’s luminosity should be of genic energy origin, an amount consistent with recent SNO solar neutrino measurements.
The required violation of energy conservation is 10
orders of magnitude smaller than what could be observed in
Astronomers observing with the Hubble Space Telescope discovered that the star VB10 has a dynamic core, as indicated by the presence of explosive, magnetic-field-driven flares on its surface.
VB10 has a mass of about 0.09 solar masses, which indicates that it borders between being a red dwarf and brown dwarf. Conventional theory predicts that this star should be on the border of being dead and hence should not have a strong magnetic field.
Subquantum kinetics, which predicts that its interior should be
dynamic and actively evolving genic energy, anticipates these
At the time of this
prediction, astronomers do not expect that brown dwarf stars to have
any particular mass-luminosity ratio. They are assumed to be stars
that are not massive enough to ignite nuclear fusion and hence are
merely dead stars that are cooling off.
Astronomers determine the masses and luminosities of two brown dwarfs GL 229B and G 196-3B. Dr. LaViolette demonstrates that the M-L data points for these brown dwarfs lies along the planetary-stellar M-L relation as he predicted.
This indicates that brown dwarfs are not dead stars as previously supposed, but stars that are actively producing genic energy in their interiors.
Maser signals are believed to maintain constant frequencies over interplanetary distances since photon energy is assumed to be perfectly conserved.
A group of JPL astronomers publish their discovery that maser signals transponded between the Earth and the Pioneer spacecraft blueshift at a rate of ~ 2.9 ± 0.4 X 10^-18 per second. Their value reduces to 2.3 ± 0.4 X 10^-18 per second when the propulsive effects of waste heat from the spacecraft power source is taken into account.
Although the JPL team has chosen to interpret this as a mysterious force pushing the spacecraft toward the Sun, it also provides a close confirmation of the subquantum kinetics prediction.
At the time of this prediction, astronomers believed that galaxies form in various sizes as galactic-sized gas clouds gravitationally condense to form stars. They assume that the size of these galaxies does not change over time except through galaxy mergers.
Galaxies in the immediate
neighborhood of the Milky Way are assumed to have the same size
ratio as young galaxies at cosmological distances.
Observations with the Hubble Space Telescope show that younger, more distant galaxy clusters are dominated by fainter, more compact galaxies and have much fewer of the larger spiral galaxies, as compared with nearby older galaxy clusters.
Galactic Core Energy Source - prevailing concept (1985)
At the time of this prediction, the nuclei of active galaxies and quasars are known to contain central masses ranging from millions to billions of solar masses, and astronomers assume that these core masses exist in a collapsed state as black holes.
They further assume that the prodigious energy output from these cores is powered from matter being swallowed by these hypothesized black holes.
No other means of
generating energy is known to explain the immense amount of energy
observed to come from these locations.
A group of astronomers led by John Bahcall, observing with the Hubble Space Telescope, discover that 11 out of 15 quasars are devoid of any surrounding material and hence have no matter available to power a black hole hypothetically located at their centers.
This supports the subquantum kinetics
prediction that such energetic sources are instead powered by
spontaneously created in their interiors.
Hubble Space Telescope observations of the heart of active galaxy NGC 6251 provide further confirmation of the earlier January 1995 verification. These observations show that this galaxy’s core is swept clear and hence that there should be no matter available to be accreted by a hypothetical central black hole.
Supernova Precursor Stars - prevailing concept (1985)
At the time of this prediction, astronomers believe that supernova are produced by red giant stars which have exhausted their supply of nuclear fuel.
They presume that the once the red giant’s nuclear reactions
subside, it collapses and subsequently rebounds in a supernova
Supernova 1987A explodes in the Large Magellenic Cloud. This is the closest supernova observed in the history of modern astronomy. Astronomers locate its precursor star on old photographic plates and determine for the first time what sort of star produced this explosion.
Surprisingly, they find that it had been a blue supergiant star, just as subquantum kinetics had predicted.
Galactic Core Energy Source - prevailing concept (1985)
At the time of this prediction, astronomers had not imaged stars in the vicinity of the Galactic center since the observational techniques had not yet been developed.
Based on their conventional theories, they
expected that most stars in the vicinity of the Galactic center
should be low mass stars, which they theorized should be very old
stars, at least as old the the Galaxy, e.g., billions of years.
A group of astronomers (Krabbe et al.) publish observations of the Galactic center stellar cluster which indicate that the region within 1-1/2 light-years of the Galactic center is populated with about two dozen luminous helium-rich blue supergiants having masses of up to 100 solar masses. This finding confirms the subquantum kinetics prediction.
Unaware of the subquantum kinetics prediction, they have difficulty in accounting for this finding. They speculate that these are young stars which must have formed between 3 and 7 million years ago from gas residing in this region.
But they are unable to explain how this would occur since the large
tidal shear in this region should have disrupted such a star
UCLA astronomer Andrea Ghez reports on observations she has made of the Galactic center using infrared speckle interferometry and adaptive optics. She was able to plot the trajectories of these stars. Based on these observations, she confirms that the stars in the immediate vicinity of the Galactic center, within 0.01 light years, are very massive, but that they have spectra typical of "young" stars (young by the conventional definition).
She finds this puzzling since the tidal forces in the vicinity of the Galactic center would be much too strong to allow stars to form through a gravitational accretion process, this being especially true of the eight stars found closest to the Galactic center. She suggests that these massive stars may in fact be old stars whose proximity to the Galactic center has altered their appearance to make them masquerade as young stars. However, she is unable to offer any mechanism by which this could happen.
Here we find her coming close to the subquantum kinetics prediction that these stars near the Galactic center should be very massive. However, by following conventional theory, she must resort to proposing mysterious stellar masquerading effects since conventional theory erroneously interprets massive stars to be young stars, instead of old stars.
But with subquantum kinetics these massive
stars appear exactly as they should, namely as blue supergiants
which in this paradigm are very old stars.