First Published in AA&ES magazine, August 1996
from Quest Website
And it eyes gaze forever at the distant horizon due east, at the equinox point...at something not of this world but beyond it, in the sky. Something, perhaps, that is reflected or 'frozen' in the essence and age of the Sphinx.
John Anthony West is a man who knows this phenomenon well.
He has stood in the shadow of this great statue many a time
since he started visiting Egypt some thirty years ago. To him the Sphinx had
always appeared as a monument apart, and much, much older than anything else
he had seen either at Giza or elsewhere.
West's strong 'gut feeling' had rarely let him down. One day, while reading a book on Egypt by the French author and mathematician Schwaller de Lubicz (Sacred Science, Paris 1961) an answer to his intuitive hunch came shooting straight at him. Schwaller made a passing remark on what appeared to be water erosions on the body of the Sphinx.
Turning to a close up photograph of the Sphinx, West suddenly realized that the weathering patterns on the Sphinx were not horizontal as seen on other monuments at Giza, but vertical. Now horizontal weathering is the result of prolonged exposure to strong winds and sandstorms. There sure had been plenty of those in this arid region of the Sahara. Could water have caused the vertical weathering on the Sphinx?
Water from where?
He also knew that this belief was now so entrenched that it
would take an intellectual bulldozer to tug it out. Yet his study had shown
him that this believe was more a dogma than any-thing else. He asked himself
if a proof-positive identification between Khafre and the
Sphinx would stand
in an 'open court' under public scrutiny?
By such standards future generations of
archaeologists may one day allocate ownership of the Sphinx to the builder
of the Sound & Light theatre because of its proximity to the Sphinx complex
or - as someone else has put it - attribute St. Paul's Cathedral to General
Gordon of Khartoum just because his statue was found in it. In short, Khafre
may well be the quintessential 'Kilroy was here' of antiquity. So could the
Sphinx be much older than the reign of Khafre, as
West had long suspected it
was? Could this hypothesis explain, for example, the strange vertical
weathering on the statue?
The vertical weathering patterns on
the Sphinx and its enclosure, Schoch argued, were not caused by wind effect,
as had previously been thought, but by water - water from torrential rains
and pouring down in sheets over these ancient structures. But how could this
be? Was Schoch saying that such heavy rains only fell on the Sphinx area but
nowhere else at Giza?
The question was, how much older exactly?
To support this contention, I brought into evidence the inclined shaft in the Great Pyramid which were aimed at the south meridian towards these group of stars as well as written evidence from the Pyramid Texts that identified the afterlife destiny of the pyramid-kings with Orion.
Later in my book
The Orion Mystery
I also demonstrated
that the best fit for the Giza Pyramids/Nile pattern with the
belt/Milky Way pattern occurred when the sky was pushed back in time (i.e.
precessed) to the epoch of 10,500 BC. There were good reasons for doing so.
To me, this 'silent' astro-architectural
language seemed to be spelling out 'here is Osiris in the sky when these
pyramids were built, yet know, too, that his origins are rooted in the
Time.' But The 'First Time' of what? How could the stars of
Orion have a
Provided, of course, that you can read through the allegorical 'language' of the ancients via the symbolic architecture and the related Pyramid Texts. Allegory, to put it in another way, is the 'Q-Basics' of the master astronomers who designed the Giza complex. When the stars of Orion are observed at the meridian in the precise manner that the ancient Egyptian astronomers did over many centuries, they could not help noting that these stars crossed the south meridian at different altitudes at different epoch.
This is, of course, due to the phenomenon of Precession (see The Orion Mystery, appendices 1 and 2). In short, the stars of Orion can be said to have a starting point or 'beginning' at the nadir of their precessional cycle.
Simple calculations show that
this occurred in 10,500
BC. Could the ancient astronomers of the Pyramid Age have used their very
clever 'silent language' combined with Precession to freeze the 'First Time'
of Osiris - somewhat like the gifted architects of gothic cathedral froze in
its allegorical stonework the 'time of Christ'?
hypothesis was correct, then the Sphinx must be an 'original' time-marker of
that remote epoch using an obvious celestial tag valid for 10,500 BC. But
which tag? What could the Sphinx be representing that was in the sky? Could
this have something to do with the due east direction of its gaze towards
The Sphinx, in other words, was made to look at his own image in the horizon - and consequently at his own 'time'. Hancock pointed out that 10,500 BC was no random date. It very precisely denoted another beginning, that of Orion-Osiris defined on the ground with the pattern and alignments of the nearby Pyramids. Here, then, were not just the Pyramids but also the Sphinx luring us to the same date of 10,500 BC.
Graham and I have spent the last two years researching this fascinating issue.
We believe that what we have uncovered will change the perceptions of what Giza was (and still is) forever. The full results of our investigation, as you might have guessed, are laid out in our new book, Keeper of Genesis, available now at a discount through AA&ES.
Suffice at this stage to say that
author Colin Wilson, who gave the book an early review, thinks it's 'a much
more satisfying tour de force' than
Fingerprints of the Gods
or The Orion
Mystery. Meanwhile let us take a look at an intriguing archaeological
discovery near the Sphinx that has very recently made the news.
While clearing the area in front of the Sphinx and the Valley Temple, a 'lucky turn of the spade' from one of the laborers unearthed part of an ancient complex of underground galleries and pathways.
Hearing of this providential discovery, Graham Hancock and I planned a short trip to Egypt to see for ourselves what was going on. John Anthony West also was on his way there, and so we decided to meet directly at Giza.
When we arrived there we found the place swarming with activity.
No one seemed to be sure.
It looked as if part of the area had already been excavated some years ago
but then, for reasons unknown, it was covered up again.
But why the vestiges were covered
up again, and why and how they came to be forgotten remains a mystery.
This artery is itself intersected
by two paved pathways coming from the Valley Temple and going due east -much
like two small roads bridge over a straight motorway. These pathways very
oddly dip at their eastern end and then vanished into the ground. We also
noticed a very curious manhole set in the main artery at the point where it
intersects the southern pathway. It's lid, which is made from a single piece
of limestone, is broken at one corner and through it we could see water
flowing (mixed with the sewage from the nearby village) and heading towards
the Sphinx and the Valley Temple.
According to a prominent Ancient Egyptian myth, the legendary gates of the Afterworld were guarded by two gigantic lions or sphinxes called Aker. In New Kingdom tomb drawings the aker-sphinx of the eastern gate sits proud with its hind parts in a hollow. Underneath it can be seen an curious underground stream or duct.
lion towers a huge mound or pyramid and under it is found a large, oval
chamber which appears to be hermetically sealed.
The resemblance with the Sphinx complex at Giza is uncanny. Giza in ancient time was also called Rostau, and Sokar (a hawk-headed deity) was identified to Osiris.
Odd coincidences? Perhaps.