by Andrew Collins
New Dawn Magazine No. 49
from NewDawnMagazine Website
The Great Pyramid is humanity's greatest architectural achievement.
Two and a half million blocks, ranging in size from two to seventy tons a piece, were used in the construction of this silent sentinel of the past, the largest and perhaps the most enigmatic of the three matching structures on the Giza plateau.
It covers an area of 13 acres and weighs
an incredible six million tons, and up until the construction of the
Eiffel Tower, it was the tallest structure in the world. There is
more stone in the Great Pyramid than in all the churches, chapels
and cathedrals built in England.
Yet shining through all of them is a hardcore of evidence
which shows that the pyramid builders were privy to universal
knowledge far beyond that accredited to the ancient Egyptians who
lived around 4500 years ago, the time-frame in which the pyramids
are said to have been built.
Precision geometry incorporating harmonics, proportions and sound acoustics was incorporated into its exterior and interior design.
Its four sides are aligned to the
cardinal points with such precision that modern-day surveyors would
have trouble replicating this laser-like accuracy, while in relation
to the earth the Great Pyramid is situated in the dead centre of its
It has long been known that many of the temples and monuments of Pharaonic Egypt incorporate an intimate knowledge of sound acoustics, while one specific legend preserved by an Arab writer of the tenth-century AD named al-Masudi records how the builders of the pyramids were able to move stone blocks a distance of "one bow-shot" through an avenue of metal poles, simply by hitting them with a rod.
Furthermore, there exist age-old legends from places such as Bolivia, Mexico and Greece which tell of the first cities being built by mythical figures who could make stones raise into the air by using sound alone.
At the site of the ancient city of Tiahuanaco high up on the Bolivian Altiplano, for instance, local Indian legends speak of the city's first inhabitants as able to move stones from the local quarry to their places of destination to "the sound of a trumpet".
It included the use of nine-feet long, jewel tipped saws to cut and fashion objects such as the sarcophagus inside the King's Chamber of the Great Pyramid.
He also found that the pyramid builders used highly specialized drilling techniques to bore perfect holes in hard granite, lathe-finish beautiful bowls in tough diorite and fashion exquisite stone vases with openings no larger than a little finger.
American technologist Christopher Dunn has recently
completed an in-depth study of the ancient Egyptians' incredible
stone-ware industry and has convincingly demonstrated that they used
ultrasound-induced vibration to enhance their drilling capabilities.
Furthermore, it has now come to light that a nineteenth-century maverick scientist named John Ernst Worrell Keely quite independently found a way of raising heavy objects into the air and disintegrating lumps of granite using sympathetic vibratory apparatus.
In order to suitably answer these questions, we must embark on a journey that will reveal a virtually alien world, inhabited by a forgotten culture composed of a priestly elite who lived in Egypt's fertile Nile valley during a distant epoch long before the accepted genesis of civilization.
reveal the existence at Giza of buildings and monuments seemingly
left by this Elder race, as well as the firm presence beneath
the Great Sphinx of an underworld complex known today as
the Hall of Records.
Certainly, it is linked via a stone causeway to another ancient temple on the eastern side of the Second Pyramid which is also accredited to Khafre.
Further evidence of this conclusion,
they say, is the Valley Temple's similarity in design to other
temples on the Giza plateau, as well as its proximity to the
Great Sphinx and the fact that statues of Khafre were found
abandoned in a well located beneath its floor.
Such a supposition creates insurmountable problems for the
academics as it is known that the last time Egypt produced enough
rain to have created such raging torrents of water was during the
3000-year stretch between 8000 and 5000 BC.
Scholars argue that in the time-frame under question, the eleventh and tenth millennia BC, the Nile valley was inhabited only by,
They also state that these early Nilotic (i.e. those living by the Nile) communities,
This is simply not true.
There is much evidence of prehistoric man along the Nile during this very age, and it clearly shows that between 12,500 and 9500 BC certain communities not only possessed an advanced tool-making industry, but also domesticated animals and developed the earliest agriculture anywhere in the world.
Moreover, just 300 miles away from Giza
in what is today Jericho, its inhabitants of 8000 BC were
constructing enormous fortification walls, gouging out vast trenches
in the hard bedrock and erecting a gigantic stone tower in defense
against an unknown enemy. Engineering projects on this scale would
have required a high level of social structure and coordinated
Since the core limestone blocks - many up to 100 ton a piece - used in the construction of the Valley Temple, the Sphinx Temple, as well as at least one other similar structure on the Giza plateau, were extracted from the Sphinx enclosure, we must concede that these too date to this same distant epoch.
If this is the case, then the Pharaohs
of the pyramid age merely restored these enormous temple structures,
which begs the question of who exactly did build them?
For example, the fragmented Royal Papyrus of Turin, dating to the Nineteenth Dynasty, c. 1300 BC, contains a list of ten netjeru (Ptah, Ra, Shu, Geb, Asar, Set, Heru, Tehuti, Maat, and Heru) - a word simply meaning 'divinities' or gods - who reigned prior to the first kings of Egypt.
The ancient Egyptians also viewed the Giza necropolis as the 'Splendid Place of the First Time', quite literally the abode of the gods who had ruled their land during this misty epoch.
More significantly, the hieroglyphic 'building' texts found on the walls at the Temple of Horus at Edfu (below images), in southern Egypt, tell us much about the activities of the Elder gods, the divine inhabitants, who inhabited the Nile Valley during the epoch of the First Time.
Island of the
the Edfu account, which was compiled from a series of now lost books
attributed to the moon-god Thoth, enables us to construct a
quite remarkable picture of how the Giza plateau might have looked
over 11,000 years ago.
Such a supposition is not mere fantasy, for it is known that in past ages the river flowed much closer to the edge of the plateau, while evidence of a sacred lake and dock dated to Old Kingdom times have been found beyond the plateau's western limits.
To the Elder gods this would have signified the
primeval sea of chaos out of which the first land emerged at the
beginning of time.
In the shallow waters was a small
island, symbolizing the Point of First Creation, crowned with
a simple stone structure that proclaimed its immense sanctity. This
island is referred to in the Edfu documents as the Island of the
Egg or the Island of Trampling, while the stone structure
is recalled in the name Place of the Well.
These mythical individuals take the
guise of birds, implying perhaps that they were priest-shamans who
adorned themselves in bird feathers. They are also said to have had
radiant faces that must have made them quite striking in appearance.
This strange menagerie of divine beings, who were said to number
sixty, are spoken of as netjeru, or divinities.
The Hall of
None can be more extraordinary than the detection beneath the Sphinx's wedge-shaped enclosure of a series of nine concealed chambers of unnatural origin.
These were first noticed during seismic
soundings of the hard bedrock by two research programmes, one led by
seismologist Thomas Dobecki in 1991 and the other coordinated
in 1996 by the University of Florida in association with millionaire
Joseph Schor, a life-long member of the Edgar Cayce
Foundation (see below).
They refer to this underworld complex as the 'Hall of Records', the 'Crystal Chambers' or the 'Chambers of Initiation', and suggest that it contains arcane wisdom and knowledge hidden from the world by Egypt's Elder culture prior to the Great Flood. During the 1930s one American psychic named Edgar Cayce stated that the Hall of Records would be found and opened in secret during 1998.
Working on this indication, a British
consortium of surveyors and geophysicists, backed by Egypt's
Supreme Council of Antiquities, is going to conduct a wide-scale
search for the entrance to the Hall of Records in July this year.
These were constructed, he said, by,
Underworld of the
Referred to as the Underworld of the Soul, this structure was used by the divine individuals known as the Shebtiu to conduct strange ceremonies, described as acts of creation, using hand-held power objects.
They are said to have gained their radiance from another much greater object described variously as the embryo, the seed, the egg, the lotus or even the benben, or phallus stone. This was seen to be the creative source of the island, embodying both the male and female regenerative powers.
It is not stated exactly what this object might have been, although the indications are that, similar to the hand-held power objects used by the Shebtiu, it could have been a conical-shaped stone resembling the so-called lingams placed in underground shrines inside some Hindu temples.
These too are seen to embody the dualistic regenerative powers of first creation.
That the ancient Egyptians believed that a physical object of immense creative power lie beneath the sands of Giza does not seem in doubt.
Among the body of magical literature known as The Coffin Texts it speaks of something described as,
(Note: The so-called Pyramid Texts were later adopted by the commoners and painted on their wooden coffins. They thus came to be called the Coffin Texts, and eventually they were transcribed to papyrus becoming known as the Book of the Dead. Collectively, the three sets of texts are usually referred to as the Book of the Dead)
It is said to contain "the efflux of Osiris", the god of the underworld, and was "put in Rostau", the name given by the ancient Egyptians to the Giza pyramid field.
text in question goes on to state that this "sealed thing" has been
"hidden since it fell from him (Osiris), and it is what came down
from him onto the desert of sand".
Illustrations that accompany Egyptian
texts that detail what will be found inside the hidden chambers show
at its heart a strange fiery-orange bell-shaped object over which is
the hieroglyph for "night" or "darkness", implying that this
powerful object remains in darkness awaiting discovery.
Yet with the desiccation of the eastern Sahara and the rise of Pharaonic Egypt around 3100 BC, the setting has changed quite dramatically.
No longer are we able to look out over
the shallow lake, created by the waters of the nearby river Nile,
and see beyond it to the first temples of the gods. Gone too is the
sacred island, with its structured enclosure and subterranean
entrance to Giza's underworld complex. Instead, we find ourselves
somewhere in the vicinity of the Giza pyramid field. Yet where
Only on its eastern side can we find a
low-lying area sufficient in size to have created either a
temporary, or more permanent, lake or reservoir. This observation is
supported by the recent discovery of a stone quay on the eastern
side of the Valley Temple, which may itself be the last remains of
the first temple constructed by the Elder gods on the edge of the
In 1933 he revealed the whereabouts of the subterranean complex with the following words:
Between the Sphinx and the river - in other words to the east of the Sphinx and Valley Temple.
If he was right in this respect, then let us also hope that he was correct in his belief that connecting chambers led from the underground complex to a position coincident to the right paw of the Sphinx monument. If this is so, we still stand a reasonable chance of locating a second entry point using modern-day sounding equipment.
Whether or not the nine chambers discovered in 1996 beneath the Sphinx enclosure by the team put together by the University of Florida are actually connected with Giza's underworld complex remains to be seen.
It may well be that, although of man-made construction, and therefore of profound interest to our knowledge of Egyptian history, they lie too near the surface to be connected with the Chambers of Creation.
On the other hand they might well
contain the ultimate proof of the former existence in Egypt of a
high culture of almost alien mentality whose knowledge of ancient
technology and natural sciences will change the entire way we
perceive human evolution.
The Edfu Building Texts are specific on what became of at least some of the divine inhabitants of Wetjeset-Neter and its sacred domain. They say that, at the end of their time, the Shebtiu "sailed" away to "another part of the primeval world" where they could "continue their creative task" undisturbed.
Further evidence that these mythical beings were
mariners or navigators comes from the fact that one Shebtiu is named
as "the sailor", while, collectively, the followers of an individual
known as the Falcon are referred to as "the crew".
What we know is that the earliest known evidence for primitive agriculture anywhere in the world comes from the Nile valley communities between the thirteenth millennia BC and sometime around 9500 BC. It is then that it disappears from Egypt altogether, and does not reappear until around 5500 BC, some 4000 years later.
Why did it suddenly cease and, more
pressingly, what became of the prime movers behind this enormous
change from simple hunter-gatherer to domesticated farmer?
Yet if they did start anew elsewhere, is it possible to trace their
The key element of this major change in lifestyle was, of course, the development of agriculture and animal domestication, which necessitated the establishment of more permanent settlements where a community could work together to produce enough food and livestock to sustain itself through the winter months.
Removing the element of uncertainty from
the daily lives of the inhabitants enabled the Neolithic peoples to
start developing technical capabilities and regulate their lives for
the first time.
Similar to the Nilotic communities of
Egypt, evidence of cereal cultivation has come from the discovery
here of stone pestles, rubbing stones and milling stones. In
addition to this archaeologists also found an abundance of seeds
from three different types of cereal grains - two of which had
previously been grown by the Nilotic communities of Paleolithic
advancements were made first in the fertile valleys of northern
Syria, south-eastern Turkey and northern Iraq - a vast and very
desolate area known today as Kurdistan, home to the much-troubled
The level of technical sophistication necessary to drill holes less than 5 mm in diameter, and up to one inch (2.5 cm) in depth at either end of a long slim agate bead no more than 7 or 8 mm in thickness, is almost beyond comprehension.
To drill similar holes in agate today
requires the use of a highly specialized diamond-tipped, tungsten
carbide drill, and even this has to be constantly cooled by running
water. Yet despite this, these beads have been found at a number of
sites in the Near East.
Professor Izady is happy to accept the latter solution as a very real possibility.
Worshippers of the
The Mandaeans believe that their distant ancestors came originally from a mythical location known as the Mountain of the Madai, located to the north or north-east of the city of Harran.
As modern Altinbasak, this ancient
religious centre of great learning lies just over the Syrian border
in south-eastern Turkey on a tributary of the Euphrates river, some
78 miles (125 km) distance from Abu Hureyra, where the earliest
evidence of agriculture in the Near East was found.
They include the name of a creator god named Pthahil. He is simply a rendition of the Egyptian god Ptah, who was said to have fashioned the first humans on a potter’s wheel at the beginning of time.
Another word is the root
ntr, which in Mandaean means "to watch", "watch-houses" or
"watcher", a term used to express supernatural beings who live in
their conception of heaven. This same root word is Egyptian where it
is used to denote a divinity or god.
This practice continued through till
medieval times, for the eleventh-century Arab geographer Yakut el-Hamawi
tells us that in his own day the Sabians made pilgrimages to both
the Great and Second Pyramids of Giza.
What was really needed was much firmer evidence for the existence in the fertile valleys of the Upper Euphrates of a high culture that rose to prominence soon after 9000 BC and whose style of architecture matched that found along the Nile valley.
Only then could it be said that the
original gods of Eden had been found.
This so-called "cult building", as German excavator Harald Hauptmann of Heidelberg University named it, featured beautifully carved megalithic blocks that once supported a wooden roof, as well as a perfectly-levelled floor made of "terrazzo", a mixture of lime and mortar, and a huge gateway composed of two 3-metre high megalithic pillars.
On these in low relief were human forms
with long flowing hair and five-fingered hands resembling the belly
flippers of an amphibian (Nevali Çori was lost in 1992 when the
recent completion of the Ataturk Dam caused the rising waters of the
nearby Euphrates river to flood the site).
On a more disturbing note, clear
evidence of macabre blood rites and human sacrifice have been
unearthed both at Çayönü and Nevali Çori, making it clear that its
ruling elite were not simply benign wisdom bringers.
An extraordinary number of statues and
carvings depicting bird-men, or figures adorned with feathers, have
been found in association with the cult building from its very
earliest phase, which Carbon-14 testing has revealed was as early as
8400 BC. There is every indication that these individuals were the
ruling body behind many of the Neolithic communities, and that they
were indeed the direct descendants of Egypt’s Elder culture.
This in itself should set alarm bells ringing among
the archaeological community. Yet this south-westerly orientation
seems more than simply an aesthetic effect to line it up with the
distant Euphrates river, as has been suggested.
Both Tiamat and Kumarbi bore a celestial counterpart seen as forming the stars of the constellation known as Cetus - the great whale or sea-monster - which swam in the celestial form of the Euphrates river. In astronomical terms, this string of 34 stars, stretching between the front paws of Cetus and the left-foot of the giant Orion, is known as the starry stream of Eridanus and the River of the Night.
The whole area of south-western sky in
which these constellations are placed was known in Babylonian times
as the Gate of the Deep, beyond which lurked the dark primeval
waters of chaos with which Tiamat had threatened to drown the world
before the current world age.
Furthermore, it can be ascertained that the Euphrates river would have aligned with its own celestial counterpart, the Eridanus, at the same moment. Did these primitive constellations have some kind of special meaning to the inhabitants of Nevali Çori?
Let us look again at its quite specific orientation
precisely towards the south-west.
Could it be possible that the designers of Nevali Çori’s cult building orientated it towards not just the direction most associated with their own myths and legends, but also the homeland of their earliest ancestors - in other words Giza in Egypt?
Further computer calculations, taking
into account the curvature of the earth, showed that the bearing of
Giza from the position of Nevali Çori is 221.8º, a full 1.8º out
from the 223.6º orientation of the standing monolith and a massive
3.1º if we take into consideration the orientation of the cult
With Egypt as their ancestral homeland, this journey across the waters through the Gate of the Deep could have been compared with the emergence of cosmic order out of the primeval waters that had threatened to engulf the world at the beginning of time.
Having conquered the face of the deep, in other words the Mediterranean Sea, to arrive in the Levant, the surviving Elders, as the first gods of Mesopotamia (i.e. ancient Iraq), would have been seen as initiating a new world age.
In this mythical epoch, mortal kind were seen to have lived alongside their immortal teachers - utopic memories that led to much later legends concerning this paradisiacal realm, known in Hebrew as Eden and in ancient Mesopotamian as Dilmun, both connected with the territories located between the headwaters of the two great rivers - the Tigris and Euphrates.
There is, however, one further link with
To the Sumerians it was known as kumar, "dusky", from which derives the name Kumarbi.
In Aramaic Hebrew, which is a Semitic
language linked closely to Akkadian, the same word root becomes akem,
"to be black" and "sunburnt". In the Egyptian language, this becomes
kem, "black", or kemet, meaning "black land"
- the name given to
ancient Egypt by its own people.
These definitions imply a completion to a period or cycle of time.
If these thoughts are correct, then it is likely that these memories were carried into the Upper Euphrates region by the last Elder gods and kept alive by the priest-shamans of the Neolithic communities.
Even down to the second millennium BC,
the Semitic peoples living in the ancient city of Harran in south
eastern Turkey recalled a more direct relationship between their
most distant ancestors and kemet, the black land beyond the
Yet their first beginnings were among the mountain communities of the Zagros and eastern Taurus, where the Neolithic revolution had begun 5000 years beforehand.
From its first beginnings in the foothills and plains of northern Syria and Iraq, as well as south-eastern Turkey, the civilization of Sumer and Akkad grew over a 2000-year period to become the most sophisticated society on earth.
The number of ‘firsts’ attributed to the Sumerians is virtually endless.
Yet despite all this no one is quite
who the Sumerians were or why they would appear to have evolved
so much faster than any other race.
These were a priestly caste identified from among the anatomical remains discovered at various sites across the Near East.
Not only did they bear genetic similarities, in that they were an elite family group, but they distinguished themselves from others of the different communities by elongating their heads through deliberate skull deformation during infancy, causing the eyes to appear slanted and giving them an overall striking appearance.
These individuals are represented in abstract form in religious art, and were clearly seen as having long serpent-like faces.
Furthermore, in similar with the priest-shamans of Nevali Çori and the divine inhabitants of Wetjeset-Neter in the Edfu Building Texts, these individuals adorned themselves in ceremonial garments made of feathers.
It was from this
elite group of priest-shamans, very possibly the direct descendants
Elder gods, that the old world gained its knowledge or
They helped initiate the Pharaonic age which began with the
institution of the First Dynasty of a united Egypt around 3100 BC.
In many respects, this migration to Egypt seems to have been like
some sort of return to the source - a return to an ancestral
homeland left behind as much as 5000 years beforehand.
Alone they could do very little. They had no real influence over the ruling tribal dynasties and were not in a position to re-ignite the splendor of their divine ancestors.
Yet with the aid of incoming architects, craftsmen, designers,
religious leaders, as well as a new ruling elite, they were now able
to begin the process of continuing the glories of the Elder culture,
which had dispersed to various parts of the globe many thousand of
Its stepped design is very reminiscent of the seven-tiered ziggurat
structures of Mesopotamia, while the façades of the temenos walls
that surround the pyramid complex are strikingly similar to the
exterior walls of cult buildings in ancient Iraq - the temple of
Enki at Eridu being a prime example.
This monument was the crowning glory not only of Egypt but of everything that had been secretly kept alive since the age of the netjeru-gods, the epoch of the First Time (Zep Tepi).
The precision science, geometry, orientation, stone cutting, hole drilling and architectural planning of the Great Pyramid was the result of a legacy preserved not simply by the wise old priests of Egypt, but by a number of diverse cultures across the Near East.
Their most distant ancestors were the Neolithic gods of Eden, whose own forebears had left Egypt for the fertile valleys of eastern Anatolia during the wide-scale floods that engulfed Egypt between 10,500 and 9500 BC.
It is to these unique individuals, the living descendants of a divine race with a lifestyle that would seem almost alien today, that we owe the genesis of civilization.