by Dr. Immanuel Velikovsky

comments By Robertino Solàrion

extracted from "Earth In Upheaval"

Dallas, Texas
17 February 2001



Pages 17-18

Charles Darwin, who denied the occurrence of continental catastrophes in the past, in a letter to Sir Henry Howorth admitted that the extinction of mammoths in Siberia was for him an insoluble problem. J.D. Dana, the leading American geologist of the second half of the last century, wrote:

"The encasing in ice of huge elephants, and the perfect preservation of the flesh, shows that the cold finally became suddenly extreme, as of a single winter's night, and knew no relenting afterward."

In the stomachs and between the teeth of the mammoths were found plants and grasses that do not grow now in northern Siberia. "The contents of the stomachs have been carefully examined; they showed the undigested food ... which was a proof of a sudden death."


Just before the last shift of the Polar Axis in about 1587 BCE, the North Pole was located in the Atlantic Ocean between Spain and Québec. At that time northern Siberia had a tropical and subtropical climate. Since the Polar Axis shifted within a single day's time, these elephants were immediately frozen solid in their now-frigid new polar environment.

In fact, as I have seen on television from time to time, these animals were so perfectly preserved, that even after thousands of years, it was possible for some of their discoverers to actually cook and eat this "fresh-frozen" meat!


Pages 30-31

The ravages of no disease, however, virulent, could explain some of the phenomena in this arena of death [in Scotland]. Rarely does disease fall equally on many different genera at once, and never does it strike with instantaneous suddenness; yet... so suddenly did the agency [of destruction] perform its work that its victims were fixed in their first attitude of surprise and terror...

"From the fact that certain individuals have even preserved traces of colour upon their skin, we are certain that they were entombed before decomposition of their soft parts had taken place."


Pages 50-51

And what is no less surprising, the northern part of Greenland, according to the concerted opinions of glaciologists, was never glaciated. ...

"The islands of the Arctic Archipelago," writes another scientist, "were never glaciated. Neither was the interior of Alaska," ...

But why the polar lands were not glaciated during the Ice Age was never explained. Greenland presents still another enigma ...

In the 1860s, O. Heer of Zurich published his classical work on fossil plants of the Arctic; he identified the plant remains of the northern parts of Greenland as magnolia and fig trees, among other species. Forests of exotic trees and groves of juicy subtropical plants grew in the land that lies deep in the cold Arctic and is immersed in a continuous polar night of six months' duration.


First of all, let me state that I am not going to include the sources for various quoted materials that Dr. Velikovsky has cited. If you wish to pursue his writings in greater depth, you are urged to obtain your own copy of this book.

As for Greenland, currently its larger end is in the north and its smaller, more pointed end is in the south. When the North Pole was located in the South Atlantic Ocean, and the South Pole located in Micronesia, 8787-5187 BCE, then Greenland would have been right on the Equator. The island would be reversed north-south, with the Equator running through the larger south and the pointed north at a latitude of modern Florida, where magnolia and fig trees abound.


Page 54

There was no ice cover in the Gulf States [of North America].


The Gulf Coast States do not lie within the immediate influence of any Polar Ice-Cap Zone. They are located directly between the North Atlantic North Polar Zone and a cyclical South Polar Zone in the eastern Pacific Ocean, off the southwest coast of Mexico. Thus, the Gulf States would never be glaciated, as they lie along the Cairo-Oceania Polar Pivotal Equator.

For more information about the Cairo-Oceania Polar Pivotal Equator, please see Polar Axial Displacement, a separate essay in this series. However, it is worth noting here that all those areas along this Polar Pivotal Equator perhaps are the safest areas for civilization. The geologically notable so-called "Driftless Zone" of Wisconsin also falls along this Polar Pivotal Equator.


Page 66

It is asserted that since before the age of man -- since late Tertiary times and through the time of the Great Ice Age in Europe and America -- northern China experienced "progressive desiccation interrupted by pluvial intervals". Arid conditions prevailed over northern China and "the general absence of ice-sculptured features" led the naturalist (J.S. Lee) to the conclusion that in northern China, as in northern Siberia, there were no glacial conditions and no formation of ice cover.


It has been approximately 18,000 years (5 X 3,600) since the North Polar Zone was located over what is now China. Since the North Pole shifts in a clockwise direction with respect to the Great Pyramid of Egypt, it can be hypothesized that when it shifts the next time, around 2012 CE, the new North Pole will once again be in China, with the new South Pole located in the vicinity of Santiago de Chile.

Over this past 18,000 years, China has experienced 5 different northern and southern latitudinal geographical positions; thus, China experienced "progressive desiccation interrupted by pluvial intervals".


Pages 94-95

Several theories have been offered to explain the prodigious quantity of sand in the Sahara. "The theory of marine origin is now no longer tenable." The sand, it was found, is of recent origin. It is assumed that when a large part of Europe was under ice, the Sahara was in a warm and moist temperate zone; later the soil lost its moisture and the rock crumbled to sand when left to the mercy of the sun and the wind.

How long ago was it that conditions in the Sahara were suitable for human occupation? Movers, the noted Orientalist of the last century, author of a large work on the Phoenicians, decided that the drawings in the Sahara were the work of the Phoenicians. It was likewise observed that on the drawings discovered by Barth the cattle wore discs between their horns, just as in Egyptian drawings.

Also, the Egyptian god Set was found pictured on the rocks. And there are rock paintings of war chariots drawn by horses "in an area where these animals could not survive two days without extraordinary precautions".

The extinct animals in the drawings suggest that these pictures were made sometime during the Ice Age; but the Egyptian motifs in the very same drawings suggest that they were made in historical times.


When the previous North Pole was located in the North Atlantic between Europe and Canada, south of Greenland, western Europe and eastern North America would have experienced an "Ice Age", since they would have been located along the fringes of the Polar Zone, at about the same distance from the Pole as central Alaska and Hudson Bay are located today; and parts of these areas are heavily glaciated. (The South Pole of the same epoch was located off the southern coast of Australia, with all of Australia under the ice.)

When Europe was experiencing its "Ice Age", the continent of Africa stretched north and west of Cairo, not west and south as it does today. All of what is now the Sahara Desert would have been NORTH of Cairo, with Morocco located as close to the fringes of glaciation as western Europe. The Sahara Desert would have had a classically temperate climate like that of modern North America or Europe, where there are millions of horses.


Page 109

A true theory of the origin of ice ages, whether resorting to astronomical, geological, or atmospheric causes must also explain why ice ages did not occur in northwestern Siberia, the coldest place on earth, but did occur in temperate latitudes, and in a much more remote past in India, Madagascar, and equatorial Brazil.

None of the theories mentioned explains these strange facts. Hypotheses concerning warmer and colder areas in space, or the variability of the sun as a source of energy, are especially inadequate to account for the geographical distribution of the ice cover. Thus the concept of ice ages, which is established in science as one of its most definite facts, serving also as a foundation for the theory of evolution, has no explanation itself. ... The glacial cover of the Ice Age could have been the polar icecaps of an earlier epoch.

Thus would be explained not only the origin of the ice cover but also the fact that its geographical position did not coincide with the present Polar Circles.


As one can read, my Theory of Polar Axial Displacement is based upon the idea that the Great Pyramid of Egypt was built at the Pivotal Point for the North Polar Axis Belt. That is an "occult" idea to some extent; although it has been demonstrated time and again by numerous Egyptologists, such as Peter Tompkins in his acclaimed book Secrets of the Great Pyramid, that if one draws a north-south longitude through the Great Pyramid and the present North and South Poles, that line divides the Earth into equal quantities of land and water.

Since it is quite illogical and irrational to assume that Pharaoh Khufu only by chance walked out into the Giza Plain, chose a random site for his "burial chamber", and JUST SO HAPPENED to select a location that divides the Earth in such a "scientific" fashion, the conclusion is forced, therefore, that whoever really built the Pyramids put them there to "mark the spot" of this important geological Polar Pivotal Axis!

However, because of the "occult" nature of my supposition, Dr. Velikovsky would never have agreed with it. He would have made these axis changes more "random" and "unpredictable" than I have done. To me, though, it is far more than coincidental that in every instance where we have "northern" "Ice Ages", they are equally distant from the Giza Pyramids.

There is absolutely no evidence from any source that Egypt experienced an "Ice Age"! Thus, it was significant that the Egyptian priests informed Solon (recorded in Plato's Timaeus & Critias) that Egypt is never destroyed by these floods and fires that occur at long intervals of time and preserved the most ancient records of any nation on Earth.

But back to the matter at hand, when the North Pole is located in the upper South Atlantic Ocean between northeastern Brazil and Nigeria, extreme northeastern Brazil would actually have been within the North Polar Zone, with other parts of Brazil bordering the fringes of the zone, as southern Alaska does today. Extreme western Africa would have also experienced an "ice age" at this time, 8787-5187 BCE.

When the North Pole was last located in South Africa (and the South Pole near Hawaii), then Madagascar would have been glaciated. And when the North Pole was previously located in China or the northern Indian Ocean, then parts of India would have experienced glaciation during both epochs.


Page 157

The recent field work in the Alps revealed that numerous glaciers there are no older than 4,000 years. This startling discovery made the following statement necessary:

"A large number of the present glaciers in the Alps are not survivors of the last glacial maximum, as was formerly universally believed, but are glaciers newly created within roughly the last 4,000 years."


During the last Polar Period, when the North Pole was located in the North Atlantic Ocean, the Alps Mountains would have been south of places like France, England, Belgium and so on. Their sheer height would have blocked the warm tropical winds from Africa and the Middle East from reaching these very northern latitudes. Similarly in North America, the Appalachian and even the Rocky Mountains would have produced a comparable effect.

Thus, these fringes of the past Polar Epoch could have been affected quite more severely than we see today in the northern plains of Canada and Siberia, for example. But following the Polar Axis Shift around 1587 BCE, with the shift to our present locations, all that old ice would have melted. Eventually, new glaciers would have formed in the highest elevations of the Alps Mountains.

Hence, it is stated that they are no older than about 4,000 years - more accurately, no older than 3,600 years!


Page 165

Explorations conducted in various countries combined also to demonstrate that,

"the ice age itself was not so remote as it had seemed to be, and that in fact the post-glacial 'geology' of Europe was partly contemporaneous with the 'history' of Egypt."


Once again here, we find the conflict between the geological dating of these changes and seemingly "contradictory" historical evidence. The reason that geologists and other scientists went to such great lengths to attack Dr. Velikovsky was that they absolutely refused - for whatever reason or vested interest - to agree that any "cosmic catastrophe" involving a Polar Axis Shift could have occurred during historical times.

Perhaps they are afraid that it might happen again, that they might die in such an event? I can see no other reason for these scientists to be so stubborn in maintaining their inaccurate dating methods.


Page 171

Coincident tectonic, high-water, and climatic catastrophes thus brought havoc to the entire area investigated, from Norway to the Jura, the Alps, and the Tyrol, tearing out valleys, overturning lakes, annihilating human and animal life, suddenly changing the climate, replacing forests with bogs, and doing this at least twice in Subboreal time, the period that is estimated to have lasted from about the year -2000, or possibly from a date closer to the middle of the second millennium before our present era, to -800 or -700.

These climatic and tectonic catastrophes precipitated the wanderings of hordes of destitute human beings, including, after the last catastrophe, Celts and Cimbrians. The migrants came to desolate lands from other, faraway regions, probably equally fearfully devastated.


Dr. Velikovsky made a misstatement in the above. It is clear from the totality of his research that he did not suggest that an actual Polar Axis Shift occurred around 700 BCE, just a more minor catastrophe. Thus, the reference to "at least twice in Subboreal time" must actually indicate the Polar Axis Shift of 5187 BCE which preceded by 3,600 years the shift of 1587 BCE.


Page 188

The evidence of this and preceding chapters should not be interpreted as proving that there were global catastrophes only in the first and second millennia before the present era; but as substantiating the claim that in those times, too, there were global disturbances: these were actually the last in a line that goes back to much earlier times.


Pages 112-113

"Mathematicians may seem to geologists almost churlish in their unwillingness to admit a change in the earth's axis. Geologists scarcely know how much is involved in what they ask. They do not seem to realize the vastness of the earth's size, or the enormous quantity of her motion. When a mass of matter is in rotation about an axis, it cannot be made to rotate about a new one except by external force.

Internal changes cannot alter the axis, only the distribution of matter and motion about it. If the mass began to revolve about a new axis, every particle would begin to move in a different direction. What is to cause this? ... Where is the force that could deflect every portion of it, and every particle of the earth into a new direction of motion?"

The question centers, then, on the forces that could cause such a shift.


This "external force" is the large and highly magnetic Rogue Planet X Nibiru, with its thundering electrical "serpent's tail" trailing along behind it. There is simply no alternative explanation available to us. None.