8 - The cloud Reich -
Nazi Flying Discs
So far in this book we have looked at some extremely strange notions, many
of which were held by the Nazis themselves and many by certain writers who
have, over the years, attempted to prove that the Third Reich was ruled by
men who were, quite literally, practitioners of Black Magic.
We now come to
a subject that, at first sight, might seem somewhat out of place in our
survey, and yet the suggestion has been frequently made that the UFOs
(unidentified flying objects) first reported in the late 1940s were the
products of experimental aircraft designs that were developed towards the
end of the Second World War.
Most (if not all) serious historians would
throw up their hands in horror at the very mention of such a seemingly
ludicrous idea, particularly when one considers the associated claims that,
since sightings of UFOs are still reported today by thousands of people
around the world, these radical aircraft designs must have been captured,
copied and further developed by the victorious powers; and, what is more,
that some UFOs may even be piloted by escaped Nazis operating out of one or
more hidden bases.
As will surely be apparent from the material we have examined so far, the
Nazi occultist idea is both bizarre and complicated, not least because it
encompasses several additional fields of arcane knowledge and speculation.
We have already seen how the Nazi elite were fascinated by the concepts of
the Holy Grail and the Knights Templar, by Eastern mysticism and the Hollow
Earth theory, by odd cosmological concepts and the hidden legacies of
fabulous, long-vanished civilizations. In fact, the notion of the secret
transmission of esoteric information through history (as discussed in
Chapter Three, concerning the story of the Knights Templar following their
suppression) can also be applied to the Nazis themselves and their awful
legacy of racial hatred.
While many would think that this legacy is confined
to the demented ravings of a few groups of neo-fascists in Europe and
America, there is some evidence to suggest that the truth may be far more
sinister and frightening.
This evidence, which has been gathered and presented over the years by
investigators of the UFO phenomenon, as well as by those with an interest in
the more unusual German weapons designs of the Second World War, points to
the possibility that
some extremely advanced aircraft designs did actually
reach the prototype stage in 1944 and 1945.
Those researchers who have
uncovered this evidence, and whom we shall meet in this chapter, have also
taken the logical next step of suggesting that the Americans and Russians
captured a number of designs at the end of the war and continued their
development throughout the post-war years. In addition, they suggest that
many leading Nazis (including, according to some accounts, Hitler himself)
were able to escape the ruins of the Third Reich and continue their
nefarious plans for world domination in the icy fastnesses of the Arctic and
Could there possibly be any truth to these incredible speculations?
UFOs actually be man-made air- and spacecraft? Could some of them belong to
a hidden 'Fourth Reich' that represents a cancer that was not, after all,
cut from the body of humankind? To deal with these questions, we must, once
again, enter the curious realm of crypto-history, where the line between
reality and fantastic rumor becomes blurred and indistinct; in short, we
must return to Pauwels's and Bergier's 'Absolute Elsewhere'. In this realm,
science and occultism meet, as do theories of vast historical conspiracies
and outrageous cosmological speculations.
The claims about the survival of
the Nazis are connected to all these fields, and depend to a great extent on
the use of highly advanced technology and resources by secret forces.
The Mystery of the UFOs
Although human beings have been seeing strange things in the skies since the
dawn of history, the idea that some of them are actually technological
devices (called by some 'X Devices', although that term is now obsolete) is
The first person to suggest that mysterious objects and
lights in the sky might be machines from another planet was probably the
great American anomalist Charles Fort (1874-1932); however, it was not until
the late 1940s that the idea began to gain a wider currency, following the
famous sighting by pilot Kenneth Arnold over the Cascade Mountains in
Washington State on 24 June 1947.
The UFO mystery has never gone away, and has certainly never been explained
to universal satisfaction: indeed, it is now more deeply ingrained in the
public consciousness than ever before, and the 'flying saucer' can
truthfully be described as one of the great cultural icons of the twentieth
century. While skeptics would argue that the reason for this is a mixture of
wishful thinking, the misidentification of mundane phenomena and out-and-out
hoaxes, the truth of the matter is more subtle and complex.
It is certainly
true that approximately 95 per cent of sightings can be attributed to stars,
planets, meteorites, satellites, aircraft and so on; yet there remains the
tantalizing five per cent that cannot be explained so easily.
In order to illustrate this fact, we can look very briefly at one of the
classic UFO sightings from the early days of modern ufology. (Although there
are many impressive sightings from the 1990s, they are still the subject of
intense debate and I believe it is more prudent to choose a sighting that
has stood the test of time and is still regarded as almost certainly
At about 7.45 on the evening of 11 May 1950, Mr and Mrs Paul Trent
watched a large object fly over their farm near McMinnville, Oregon, USA.
Mrs Trent had been out feeding their rabbits when she noticed the UFO. She
called her husband, who was able to take two black-and-white photographs of
it. The photographs show a circular object with a flat undersurface and a
beveled edge; extending from the upper surface of the object is a curious
structure reminiscent of a submarine conning tower, which is offset slightly
from the vertical axis.
The bright, silvery object was tilted slightly as it moved across the sky in
absolute silence, and presently was lost to view. The Trents later said that
they had felt a slight breeze from the underside of the UFO. The Trents
sought no publicity following their sighting (in fact, they waited until
they had used up the remainder of the camera's film before having the UFO
photographs developed!); they mentioned the incident to only a few friends.
However, news of the sighting quickly spread to a reporter from the local
McMinnville Telephone Register who visited the Trents and found the
photographic negatives under a writing desk where the Trent children had
been playing with them. (1)
A week later, the photographs appeared in Life
magazine and became world-famous.
Seventeen years later, the McMinnville UFO sighting was investigated by
William K. Hartmann and was included in the famous (and, in the UFO
community, widely despised) Condon Report produced by the US Air
Force-sponsored Colorado University Commission of Enquiry.
The Condon Report
(named after the enquiry's leader, the respected physicist Dr Edward U.
Condon) was dismissive of the UFO phenomenon, which it considered to be of
no interest to science. However, the report contained a number of cases that
it conceded were not amenable to any conventional explanation. One of these
cases was the McMinnville sighting. The photographs were submitted to
extremely rigorous scientific analysis, after which Hartmann concluded:
This is one of the few UFO reports in which all factors investigated,
geometric, psychological, and physical, appear to be consistent with the
assertion that an extraordinary flying object, silvery, metallic,
disk-shaped, tens of meters in diameter, and evidently artificial, flew
within sight of two witnesses. It cannot be said that the evidence
positively rules out a fabrication, although there are some physical factors
such as the accuracy of certain photometric measures of the original
negatives which argue against a fabrication. (2)
In the 50 or so years since the Trents had their strange encounter, the
photographs have been repeatedly subjected to more and more sophisticated
analyses, and have passed every test. This case is just one of a large
number of sightings of highly unusual, apparently intelligently guided
objects, seen both in the skies and on the ground, that have been occurring
for decades. There are, of course, various theories to account for these
sightings, aside from the skeptical notion that all are, without exception,
hoaxes, illusions or misidentifications of ordinary phenomena.
The most widely accepted theory is, of course, the Extraterrestrial
Hypothesis (ETH), which holds that genuine UFOs are spacecraft piloted by
explorers from another planet. This theory has the greatest currency in the
In Europe, more credence is given to an alternative theory
known as the Psycho-social Hypothesis, which suggests that encounters with
UFOs and 'aliens' may be due to subtle and ill-understood processes
occurring within the mind of the percipient. Inspired by the Swiss
psychoanalyst Carl G. Jung, who examined UFOs in his book Flying Saucers A
Modern Myth of Things Seen in the Sky (1959), the psycho-sociologists see
such encounters as similar to waking dreams that fulfill an undefined psychic
(To Jung, the circular shape of the UFO suggested a psychic need for
wholeness and unity, represented by the mandala, a circular symbol
identified by Jung as one of the archetypes residing in humanity's
There are a number of secondary theories for UFOs, including the idea that
they are time machines from the future, that they are actually living beings
indigenous to interplanetary space, that they originate in other dimensions
of existence and so on, all of which are beyond the scope of this book. The
idea that UFOs are man-made, and based on plans captured by the Allies in
the ruins of Nazi Germany at the end of the Second World War, has been put
forward by a number of writers and researchers.
Outlandish as it may sound,
it is actually well worth examining the evidence for 'Nazi flying saucers'.
The Foo Fighters
Although it set the stage for the drama of modern ufology, Kenneth Arnold's
1947 sighting of nine anomalous objects flitting between the peaks of the
Cascade Mountains was not the first twentieth-century UFO encounter. In the
closing stages of the Second World War, Allied pilots on night-time bombing
raids over Europe frequently reported strange flying objects.
were christened Foo Fighters', after a catchphrase in the popular Smokey
Stover comic strip. 'Where there's foo, there's fire.' ('Foo' was also a
play on the French word feu, meaning fire.) The aircrews suspected that the
objects might be some kind of German secret weapon. On 2 January 1945, the
New York Herald Tribune carried the following brief Associated Press
Now, it seems, the Nazis have thrown something new into the night skies over
Germany. It is the weird, mysterious Foo fighter' balls which race alongside
the wings of Beaufighters flying intruder missions over Germany. Pilots have
been encountering this eerie weapon for more than a month in their night
flights. No one apparently knows what this sky weapon is. The 'balls of
fire' appear suddenly and accompany the planes for miles. They seem to be
radio-controlled from the ground, so official intelligence reports reveal.
In their book Man-Made UFOs (1994), Renato Vesco (a pioneer of the Nazi-UFO
David Hatcher Childress cite the testimony of a former
American flying officer who had worked for the intelligence section of the
Eighth Air Force towards the end of the war.
Wishing to remain anonymous,
the officer said to the New York press:
'It is quite possible that the flying saucers are the latest development of
a "psychological" anti-aircraft weapon that the Germans had already used.
During night missions over western Germany I happened to see on several
occasions shining discs or balls that followed our formations. It was well
known that the German night fighters had powerful headlights in their noses
or propeller hubs - lights that would suddenly catch the target, partly in
order to give the German pilots better aim but mostly in order to blind the
enemy tail gunners in their turrets.
They caused frequent alarms and
continual nervous tension among the crews, thereby lowering their
efficiency. During the last year of the war the Germans also sent up a
number of radio-controlled bright objects to interfere with the ignition
systems of our engines or the operation of the on-board radar. In all
probability American scientists picked up this invention and are now
perfecting it so that it will be on a par with the new offensive and
defensive air weapons.' (4)
Unfortunately, Vesco and Childress are not forthcoming with a detailed
reference for this statement.
The British UFO investigators Peter Hough and Jenny Randies make the
interesting point that the Second World War saw more people in the skies
than any other prior period, and that it was therefore no great surprise
that UFOs should have been spotted in abundance. (5)
Of course, this statement carries the implication of a likely nonhuman
origin of the objects, which advocates of the Nazi-UFO hypothesis hotly
dispute: for them, the large number of Foo Fighter sightings, coupled with
the obvious interest the objects showed in Allied aircraft, strongly implies
that they were built specifically to interact in some way with those
As is so often the case with the UFO mystery, genuine sightings generated
various rumors of official interest in the phenomenon.
For instance, there
was, allegedly, a secret British government investigation into the Foo
Fighter reports called the Massey Project.
'However,' write Hough and Randies, 'Air Chief Marshal Sir Victor Goddard - who was an outspoken
believer in alien craft during the 1950s -flatly denied this and said that
Treasury approval for such a minor exercise at a time when Britain was
fighting for its survival would have been ludicrous.' (6)
Some encounters undoubtedly had mundane explanations. For example, during a
bombing raid on a factory at Schweinfurt, Germany on 14 October 1943, flight
crews of the American 384th Squadron observed a large cluster of discs,
which were silver in color, one inch thick and about three inches in
They were floating gently down through the air directly in the
path of the American aircraft, and one pilot feared that his B17 Flying
Fortress would be destroyed on contact with the objects. However, the bomber
cut through the cluster of discs and continued on its way undamaged. It is
quite possible that encounters such as this were actually with 'chaff,
pieces of metal foil released by German Aphrodite balloons to confuse radar
by returning false images. (7)
Nevertheless, many aircrews reported events that were not so easy to
explain, including the harassment of their aircraft by small, glowing,
disc-shaped and spherical objects that were highly maneuverable. On 23
November 1944, Lieutenant Edward Schlueter of the 415th US Night Fighter
Squadron was flying a heavy night fighter from his base at Dijon towards
Twenty miles from Strasbourg, Lieutenant Fred Ringwald, an Air Force
intelligence officer who was on the mission as an observer, glanced out of
the cockpit and noticed about ten glowing red balls flying very fast in
formation. Schlueter suggested that they might be stars, but this
explanation was proved wrong when the objects approached the plane.
Schlueter radioed the American ground radar station, informing them that
they were being chased by German night fighters, to which the station
replied that nothing was showing on their scope. Schlueter's radar observer,
Lieutenant Donald J. Meiers, checked his own scope, but could detect nothing
unusual. Schlueter then decided to make for the objects at full throttle.
The response from the Foo Fighters was instantaneous: their fiery red glow
rapidly dimmed, until they were lost to sight. Less than two minutes later,
however, they reappeared, although they seemed to have lost interest in the
American aircraft and glided off into the night towards Germany. (8)
the objects' departure, the fighter's radar began to malfunction, forcing
the crew to abandon their mission.
In an encounter of 27 November 1944 over Speyer, pilots Henry Giblin and
Walter Cleary reported a large orange light flying at 250 mph about 1,500
feet above their fighter. The radar station in the sector replied that there
was nothing else there. Nevertheless, a subsequent malfunction in the
plane's radar system forced it to return to base. An official report was
made - the first of its kind - which resulted in many jokes at the pilots'
After the 27 November encounter, pilots who saw the Foo Fighters decided
not to include them in their flight reports.
This self-imposed censorship was broken by two pilots named McFalls and
Baker of the 415th, who submitted a flight report on their mission of 22
In part, the report reads:
At 0600, near Hagenau, at 10,000 feet altitude, two very bright lights
climbed toward us from the ground. They leveled off and stayed on the tail
of our plane. They were huge bright orange lights. They stayed there for two
minutes. On my tail all the time. They were under perfect control. Then they
turned away from us, and the fire seemed to go out. (10)
The Foo Fighters were not only witnessed by air crews. Hough and Randies
cite a report from a former prisoner of war at the Heydebreck camp in Upper
At 3 p.m. on 22 January 1945 a number of men were being paraded by the
Germans before being marched away to evade the liberating Russian Army. A
bomber appeared overhead, flying at about 18,000 feet, and the men gazed in
horror at what seemed to be fire pouring from its rear end.
thought it might be a flare caught up in the slipstream of the aircraft.
Finally, they realized it was neither of these things: the object was a
silvery ball hugging the bomber, which was desperately trying to evade it.
The foo fighter was still right on the tail of the aircraft as both passed
into the distance. (11)
On 1 January 1945, Howard W. Blakeslee, science editor of the Associated
Press, claimed that the mysterious Foo Fighters were nothing more than St
Elmo's Fire, spontaneous lights produced by an electrostatic discharge on
the fuselages of the Allied aircraft. According to Blakeslee, this
explanation also accounted for the fact that the Foo Fighters did not show
up on radar.
The pilots who actually encountered the objects were
unimpressed with Blakeslee's solution: most of them had been flying for a
number of years, and knew St Elmo's Fire when they saw it. The Foo Fighters
were something entirely different: the light they produced went on and off
at intervals that seemed to be related to their speed; their shape was often
clearly discernible as either discoid or spherical; and they were frequently
reported as spinning rapidly on their vertical axis. (12)
No Allied aircraft
were ever brought down by Foo Fighters (which seemed more content to pace
them and interfere with their radar), and so it was considered likely that
the objects were dangerous German secret weapons, perhaps a radical
development of V-weapon technology. The V-ls were already causing carnage in
London, and it was known that German scientists were desperately trying to
develop a ballistic missile that could hit America.
According to Vesco and Childress, several Foo Fighter stories were leaked in
December 1944 to the American Legion Magazine, which then published the
personal opinions of several US Intelligence officers that the Foo Fighters
were radio-controlled radar-jamming devices sent up by the Germans. (13) Vesco and Childress go on to cite the testimony of another (unnamed) B-17
pilot who decided to intercept a Foo Fighter and succeeded in getting within
a few hundred yards of the shining sphere. He reported hearing 'a strange
sound, like the "backwash of invisible planes"'. (14)
The last reported
encounter with Foo Fighters occurred in early May 1945, near the eastern
edge of the Pfalzerwald.
A pilot, once again from the 415th Squadron, saw
five orange balls of light flying in a 'V formation in the distance. (15)
Ghost Rockets Over Scandinavia
In the two years between the end of the Second World War and the Kenneth
Arnold sighting, strange unidentified aerial objects invaded the skies over
Finland, Norway, Sweden and Denmark (and were later reported as far afield
as Morocco and India).
Nicknamed 'Ghost Rockets' because of their long, thin
profile and occasional fiery exhaust, these objects were reported to perform
astonishing maneuvers such as diving and climbing rapidly at enormous
The British UFO investigator Timothy Good cites the following confidential
Department of State telegram from the American Embassy in Stockholm, dated
11 July 1946:
For some weeks there have been numerous reports of strange rocket-like
missiles being seen in Swedish and Finnish skies. During past few days
reports of such objects being seen have greatly increased. Member of
Legation saw one Tuesday afternoon. One landed on beach near Stockholm same
afternoon without causing any damage and according to press fragments are
now being studied by military authorities. Local scientist on first
inspection stated it contained organic substance resembling carbide.
staff last night issued communiqué listing various places where missiles had
been observed and urging public report all mysterious sound and light
phenomena. Press this afternoon announces one such missile fell in Stockholm
suburb 2:30 this afternoon. Missile observed by member Legation made no
sound and seemed to be falling rapidly to earth when observed. No sound of
explosion followed however.
Military Attaché is investigating through Swedish channels and has been
promised results Swedish observations. Swedes profess ignorance as to
origin, character or purpose of missiles but state definitely they are not
launched by Swedes. Eyewitness reports state missiles came in from southerly
direction proceeding to northwest. Six units Atlantic Fleet under Admiral
Hewitt arrived Stockholm this morning.
If missiles are of Soviet origin as
generally believed (some reports say they are launched from Estonia),
purpose might be political to intimidate Swedes in connection with Soviet
pressure on Sweden being built up in connection with current loan
negotiations or to offset supposed increase in our military pressure on
Sweden resulting from the naval visit and recent Bikini [atomic] tests or
The suspicion voiced in this telegram that the Soviets might be responsible
for the Ghost Rocket sightings was natural enough, given that the Cold War
was then just getting under way.
Both the Americans and Russians, of course,
captured German weapons technology at the end of the war, and it was assumed
by many in authority that the Russians were experimenting with V-l and V-2
rocket designs. (Actually, a German V-2 rocket had already crashed in Sweden
in the summer of 1944.) The fact that both the United States and the Soviet
Union carried out extensive experiments with captured Nazi technology will
gain yet more significance as we examine the claims of the Nazi-UFO
A number of British scientists were sent to Sweden to examine the Ghost
Rocket reports, among them Professor R. V. Jones, the then Director of
Intelligence of Britain's Air Staff and scientific advisor to Section IV of
In Most Secret War, his account of his involvement with British
Scientific Intelligence between 1939 and 1949, Professor Jones writes of the
fears that the rockets were Russian:
The general interpretation ... was that [the Ghost Rockets] were long-range
flying bombs being flown by the Russians over Sweden as an act of
intimidation. This interpretation was accepted by officers in our own Air
Technical Intelligence, who worked out the performance of the bombs from the
reported sightings in one of the incidents, where the object appeared to
have dashed about at random over the whole of southern Sweden at speeds up
to 2,000 mph.
What the officers concerned failed to notice was that every
observer, wherever he was, reported the object as well to the east. By far
the most likely explanation was that it was a meteor, perhaps as far east as
Finland, and the fantastic speeds that were reported were merely due to the
fact that all observers had seen it more or less simultaneously, but that
they had varying errors in their watches, so that any attempt to draw a
track by linking up observations in a time sequence was unsound. (18)
Professor Jones considered it extremely unlikely that the Ghost Rockets
could be Russian missiles based on German V-2 designs: he stated that the
rockets seen over Scandinavia had more than twice the range of the V-2, an
increase in performance that was too great given the short time since the
capture of the German designs.
For myself, I simply asked two questions. First, what conceivable purpose
could it serve the Russians, if they indeed had a controllable flying bomb,
to fly it in great numbers over Sweden, without doing any more harm than to
alert the West to the fact that they had such an impressive weapon? My
second question followed from the first: how had the Russians succeeded in
making a flying bomb of such fantastic reliability?
The Germans had achieved
no better than 90 per cent reliability in their flying bomb trials of 1944,
at very much shorter range. Even if the Russians had achieved a reliability
as high as 99 per cent over their much longer ranges, this still meant that
one per cent of all sorties should have resulted in a bomb crashing on
Swedish territory. Since there had been allegedly hundreds of sorties, there
ought to be at least several crashed bombs already in Sweden, and yet nobody
had ever picked up a fragment.
I therefore said that I would not accept the
theory that the apparitions were flying bombs from Russia until someone
brought a piece into my office. (19)
Professor Jones goes on to relate an amusing incident that followed his
challenge. When a substance that had allegedly fallen from a Ghost Rocket
was collected and sent, via the Swedish General Staff and the British Air
Staff, to the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) at Farnborough, the
scientists who analyzed the fragments claimed that over 98 per cent of their
mass consisted of an unknown element.
Jones had already seen the samples,
and had quickly concluded that they were lumps of coke,
'four or five
irregularly shaped solid lumps, none of which looked as if it had ever been
associated with a mechanical device'.(20)
When he telephoned the head of chemistry at the RAE, enquiring whether
they had thought to test for carbon, the chemist literally gasped.
had stopped to look at the material, in an effort to get the analysis made
quickly, and they had failed to test for carbon. The other lumps had
similarly innocent explanations.' (21)
Nevertheless, some Ghost Rocket sightings remained puzzling.
One of the
objects was photographed near Stockholm by a Swede named Erik Reuterswaerd.
When the Swedish authorities examined the photograph, they concluded that
the object's trail was not issuing from its rear but was actually enveloping
it. The London Daily Telegraph, which published the photograph on 6
September 1946, opined that a new method of propulsion was being tested.
For their part, the Swedish Government concluded in October 1946 that, of
the 1,000 reports of Ghost Rockets they had received, 80 per cent could be
attributed to 'celestial phenomena'; the remaining 20 per cent, they stated,
could not be either natural phenomena or the products of imagination. (23)
Radical Aircraft Designs: Feuerball and Kugelblitz
The conventional view of history is that, while the Germans possessed some
remarkable and deadly weapons such as the V-l, the V-2 and the jet-engined
Messerschmitt ME-262 fighter, their technological innovations did not extend
much further than that. Indeed, serious historians treat claims of fantastic
advances in Nazi technology with the utmost disdain.
(We have already quoted
Professor Jones's assertion that the Nazi flying bomb trials of 1944 were
only 90 per cent reliable.)
Nevertheless, we must ask the question: are they
right to do so? Having looked briefly at the mystery of the Foo Fighters,
Ghost Rockets and UFOs, which many professional scientists admit (however
reluctantly and anonymously) constitute a puzzle worthy of serious
investigation, we must now examine the claims of some UFO researchers that
the wonderful devices seen so frequently flitting through the skies are
actually machines based on Nazi designs for ultra-high-performance
disc-shaped craft, capable of travelling not only through our atmosphere but
also in outer space.
The reader who baulks at this idea may well be further
outraged by the claims made by some that the Nazis themselves succeeded in
building prototypes of these machines. However, since we are already deep
within the Absolute Elsewhere, we must press on through that weird realm,
bearing in mind Pauwels's and Bergier's perceptive assertion that 'the
historian maybe reasonable, but history is not'.
As we have already noted, Renato Vesco is a pioneer of the Nazi-UFO theory.
A graduate of the University of Rome, he studied aeronautical engineering at
the German Institute for Aerial Development and during the war was sent to
work at Fiat's underground installation at Lake Garda in northern Italy. In
the 1960s, Vesco investigated UFO sightings for the Italian Air Ministry.
In 1971, he published the seminal work on the theory of man-made flying
saucers; entitled Intercettateh Senza Sparare (roughly translated as
'Intercept Without Firing'), the book examines in great detail the possible
technology behind the UFOs and reaches the astonishing and highly
controversial conclusion that UFO technology (seen in terms of the perceived
flight characteristics of the objects) is well within the capabilities of
human science - and was so even during the Second World War.
is quite certain that the origin of the UFOs still seen today by witnesses
all over the world can be placed firmly in Nazi Germany in the early 1940s.
In addition, the technological principles behind these craft were, he
believes, divided between the United States and the Soviet Union at the end
of the war, with both superpowers going on to develop and refine the designs
for their own ends.
According to Vesco, Luftwaffe scientists in Oberammergau, Bavaria conducted
extensive research into an electrical device capable of interfering with an
aircraft engine up to a distance of about 100 feet. Through the generation
of intense electromagnetic fields, this device could short-circuit the
target aircraft's ignition system, causing total loss of power. This short
range, however, was considered impractical for a successful weapon, so they
attempted to increase it to 300 feet.
These plans were still only on the
drawing board by the end of the war, so the weapon was never put into
production. Nevertheless, these researches yielded a by-product that was put
to use by Albert Speer and the SS Technical General Staff. They produced a
device capable of 'proximity radio interference' on the delicate radar
systems of American night-fighters. (25)
Thus a highly original flying machine was born; it was circular and armored,
more or less resembling the shell of a tortoise, and was powered by a
special turbojet engine, also flat and circular, whose principles of
operation recalled the well-known aeolipile of Hero, which generated a great
halo of luminous flames. Hence it was named Feuerball (Fireball). It was
unarmed and pilotless. Radio-controlled at the moment of take-off, it then
automatically followed enemy aircraft, attracted by their exhaust flames,
and approached close enough without collision to wreck their radar gear.
The fiery halo around the craft's perimeter was generated by a combination
of the rich fuel mixture and chemical additives causing the ionisation of
the atmosphere around the Feuerball.
As it approached the target aircraft,
this ionization would produce powerful electrostatic and electromagnetic
fields that would interfere with its H2S radar.
'Since a metal arc carrying
an oscillating current of the proper frequency -equal, that is, to the
frequency used by the radar station - can cancel the blips (return signals
from the target), the Feuerball was almost undetectable by the most powerful
American radar of the time, despite its night-time visibility.' (27)
Vesco goes on to state that this night-time visibility had an additional
advantage for the Feuerball: in the absence of daylight, the halo produced
by the engine gave the impression of an enormous size, which had the effect
of unnerving Allied pilots even more. As the Feuerballe approached, the
pilots refrained from firing on them for fear of being caught in a gigantic
In fact, the devices did carry an explosive charge that
would destroy them in the event of capture, in addition to an ingenious
feature that would ensure a quick escape in the event of an attack by Allied
aircraft. Underneath its armored outer shell, each Feuerball contained a
thin sheet of electrically insulated aluminium. Should a bullet pierce the
armor, contact would be made between it and the aluminium sheet, thus
closing a circuit, activating a vertical maximum acceleration device and
taking the craft out of weapons range in a matter of seconds. (29)
The Feuerballe were constructed at the Henschel-Rax aeronautical
establishment at Wiener Neustadt. According to one (unnamed) witness who saw
them being test-flown, in daylight the craft looked like shining discs
spinning on their vertical axes, and at night like huge burning globes.
Hermann Goering inspected the progress of the Feuerball project on a number
of occasions, hoping that the mechanical principles could be applied to a
much larger offensive saucer-shaped aircraft. His hopes were to be quickly
Vesco calls the Kugelblitz (Ball Lightning) automatic fighter 'the second
authentic antecedent [after the Feuerball] of the present-day flying
saucers', and the first example of the 'jet-lift' aircraft. (30) In 1952, a
former Luftwaffe engineer named Rudolph Schriever gave a series of
interviews to the West German press in which he claimed to have designed an
aircraft strikingly similar to Vesco's Kugelblitz. Schriever had been an
engineer and test pilot for the Heinkel factory in Eger. In 1941, he began
to toy with the idea of an aircraft that could take off vertically, thus
eliminating the need for runways, which were vulnerable to enemy bombing.
By June the following year, he had built and test-flown a working model of
his design, and work immediately began on a full-size fifteen-foot version.
In mid-1944, Schriever was transferred to the BMW plant near Prague,
Czechoslovakia, where he was joined by an engineer from the rocket site at
Peenemunde named Walter Miethe, another engineer named Klaus Habermohl and
an Italian physicist from the aeronautical complex at Riva del Garda, Dr
Together, they built an even larger, piloted version of
the disc, featuring a domed pilot's cabin sitting at the centre of a
circular set of multiple wings driven by a turbine engine mounted on the
disc's vertical axis.
The German disc program went under the title 'Project Saucer' (which W. A.
Harbinson also took as the title for his excellent five-novel series
inspired by the Nazi-UFO theory). According to the military historian Major
Rudolph Lusar, Schriever's disc consisted of 'a wide-surface ring which
rotated around a fixed, cupola-shaped cockpit'. The ring contained
'adjustable wing-discs which could be brought into appropriate position for
the take-off or horizontal flight'. (31) The Model 3 flying disc had a
diameter of 138 feet and a height of 105 feet.
According to Schriever, the finished disc was ready for test-flying early in
1944, but was destroyed by its builders to prevent it from falling into the
hands of the advancing Allies. Schriever and his colleagues fled as the BMW
plant was taken by Czechoslovakian patriots. In spite of Schriever's claim,
Renato Vesco states that a highly advanced supersonic disc-shaped aircraft
called the Kugelblitz was indeed test-flown near the Nordhausen underground
rocket complex in February 1945. (32)
Also known as the V-7, this machine
was said to have climbed to a height of 37,600 feet in just three minutes,
and reached a speed of 1,218 mph. This craft and the technicians who built
it were apparently seized by the Russians and taken to Siberia, where the
disc project continued under Soviet control.
While Vesco concedes that the hard evidence for a German flying-disc
'very tenuous', he notes that 'the senior official of a 1945
British technical mission revealed that he had discovered German plans for
"entirely new and deadly developments in air warfare" '.
These plans must obviously have gone beyond normal jet aircraft designs, as
both sides already had jet-powered aircraft in production and operational
service by the end of the war. Moreover, before Rudolf Schriever died some
fifteen years after the war he had become convinced that the large numbers
of post-war UFO sightings were evidence that his designs had been built and
On 2 May 1980, another man claimed to the German press that he had worked on
Project Saucer. Heinrich FleiBner, then 76 years old, told Neue Presse
magazine that he had been a technical consultant on a jet-propelled,
disc-shaped aircraft that had been built at Peenemunde from parts
manufactured in a number of other locations.
FleiBner also claimed that
Goering had been the patron of the project and planned to use the disc as a
courier plane, but that the Wehrmacht had destroyed most of the plans in the
face of the Allied advance. (34) Nevertheless, some material did reach both
America and Russia.
According to Harbinson,
'The notes and drawings for FleiBner's flying saucer, first registered in West Germany on 27 March 1954,
were assigned to Trans-Oceanic, Los Angeles, California on 28 March the
following year and registered with the United States Patent Office on 7 June
According to Vesco, the Austrian inventor Viktor Schauberger, after being
kidnapped by the Nazis, designed a number of disc-shaped aircraft for the
Third Reich between 1938 and 1945.
The saucers were powered by what Schauberger called 'liquid vortex propulsion':
'If water or air is rotated
into a twisting form of oscillation known as "colloidal",' he said, 'a
build-up of energy results, which, with immense power, can cause
Whether this bizarre form of propulsion is workable is, of course, open
to debate. Once again, however, the Americans seem to have taken many of Schauberger's documents at the end of the war, with the Russians taking what
was left and blowing up his apartment when they had finished. Schauberger
supposedly went to America in the 1950s to work on a top secret project in
Texas for the US Government, although this unspecified project was
apparently not particularly successful.
Schauberger died in 1958, reportedly
saying on his deathbed:
'They took everything from me. Everything. I don't
even own myself.' (37)
There is no doubt that radical aeroform designs were
being tested at this time. For example, the Messerschmitt 163A was powered
by a liquid-fuel Walter rocket, and was given its first powered flight in
August 1941. It achieved speeds of over 600 mph, nearly twice as fast as the
average speed of a fighter aircraft at that time. A second version, the Me
163B, was built with a more powerful motor.
The design was not perfected,
however, until mid-1944, when approximately 370 were built and deployed
throughout Germany in a last-ditch attempt to thwart the Allied forces. The
RAF and USAAF air crews who encountered them commented in their reports on
how fast and dangerous these craft were: on many occasions, the Me 163s were
so fast that the Allied air gunners had no chance to deal with them.
However, the Me 163 could only remain in a combat situation for 25 minutes,
for most of which time it was unpowered, and their relatively small number
prevented them from having much success against the Allied advance. (38)
If the Germans did succeed in producing a piloted flying disc, what became
of it? As several researchers have noted, the answer may lie with SS
Obergruppenfuhrer Dr Hans Kammler, who towards the end of the war had access
to all areas of secret air-armaments projects.
Kammler worked on the V-2
rocket project, along with Wernher von Braun (who would later head NASA's
Apollo Moon program) and Luftwaffe Major General Walter Dornberger (who
would later become vice-president of the Bell Aircraft Company in the United
Heinrich Himmler planned to separate the SS from Nazi Party and state
control through the establishment of a number of business and industrial
fronts, making it independent of the state budget. Hitler approved this
proposal early in 1944. (As Jim Marrs notes, this strategy would
subsequently be copied by the CIA in America.) (40)
By the end of the war, Hans Kammler had decided to use V-2 rocket technology
and scientists as bargaining chips with the Allies. On 2 April 1945, 500
technicians and engineers were placed on a train along with 100 SS troops
and sent to a secret Alpine location in Bavaria. Two days later, von Braun
requested permission from Kammler to resume rocket research, to which
Kammler replied that he was about to disappear for an indefinite length of
time. This was the last anyone saw of Hans Kammler. (41)
In view of the
undoubted advantage he held when it came to negotiating for his life with
the Allies, Kammler's disappearance is something of a puzzle, until we pause
to consider the possibility that he possessed plans for a technology even
more advanced than the V-2.
'Did the Reich, or an extension of it, have the capability to produce a UFO
or the clout to deal from a position of strength with one of the Allied
nations?' (42) Although it is assumed that Kammler committed suicide when
about to be apprehended by the Czech resistance in Prague, there is no proof
What really happened to Kammler?
In the final chapter, we will
examine the theory that he, along with many other high-ranking Nazis,
survived the end of the war and escaped to an unlikely location.
The opinion of orthodox history is that, while many highly advanced weapons
designs were on the drawing board, with some actually being put into limited
production in the final months of the war, nothing with the design or
performance characteristics of flying saucers was ever built in Nazi
And yet, in 1953, only eight years after the end of the war, the
Canadian Toronto Star announced that a flying saucer was being developed by
the A. V. Roe company (AVRO-Canada) at its facilities near Malton, Ontario.
According to the report, apparently leaked by a well-informed source within
the company, the machine would have a top speed of 1,500 mph.
This understandably provoked a sudden and intense interest in the subject
from other members of the press, who asked for clarification from the
A statement was released, declaring:
authorities are examining all ideas, even revolutionary ones, that have been
suggested for the development of new types of supersonic aircraft, also
including flying discs. This, however, is still in the beginning phase of
research and it will be a number of months before we are able to reach
anything positive and seven or more years before we come to actual
On 16 February 1953, C.D. Howe, the Minister of Defense Production, told the
Canadian House of Commons that the government was studying new
'adding weight to reports that AVRO is even now working on a mock-up model
of a "flying saucer" capable of flying 1500 miles per hour and climbing
straight up in the air'. (44)
Less than two weeks later, on 27 February, the
AVRO President, Crawford Gordon, Jr., wrote in the company's journal:
of our projects can be said to be quite revolutionary in concept and
appearance. The prototype being built is so revolutionary that when it flies
all other types of supersonic aircraft will become obsolescent. This is all
that AVRO-Canada are going to say about this project.' (45)
This statement was followed by two months of silence, after which press
interest was fired to an even greater degree by another revelation in the
Toronto Star of 21 April:
Field Marshal Montgomery ... became one of a handful of people ever to see
AVRO's mock-up of a 'flying saucer,' reputed to be capable of flying 1500
miles an hour. A guide who accompanied Montgomery quoted him as describing
it as 'fantastic.' ... Security precautions surrounding this super-secret
are so tight that two of Montgomery's escorts from Scotland Yard were barred
from the forbidden, screened-off area of the AVRO plant. (46)
On 24 April, the Toronto Star added that the flying disc was constructed of
metal, wood and plastics, and referred to it as a gyroscopic fighter, with a
revolving gas turbine engine.
Little more was written in the Canadian press
until 1 November, when a brief report
'A mock-up of the Canadian flying saucer, the highly
secret aircraft in whose existence few believe, was yesterday shown to a
group of twenty-five American experts, including military officers and
This $200 million-dollar prototype was also known as the
AVRO Omega, probably because its shape was more like the Greek letter than a
The press claimed that the Canadian Government planned to deploy squadrons
of flying saucers for the defense of the far north of the country, their
VTOL (vertical take-off and landing) capabilities making them ideal for
forested and snow-covered terrain.
Once again, however, there followed a
period of official and press silence on the matter, broken only by the
revelation that the project's principal designer was the aeronautical
engineer J.C. M. Frost, and persistent rumors that the US military had become
involved. Vesco quotes an unnamed press source, who stated enthusiastically:
This is a ship that will be able to take off vertically, to hover in mid-air
and to move at a speed of about 1850 mph. That is, it would be capable of
performing all the maneuvers that flying discs are said to be capable of.
This astonishing craft is the brain child of the English aeronautical
engineer John Frost, who worked for the large de Havilland factory in
England during the war and who later went on to A. V. Roe, in Malton,
The aircraft that will be built for the U.S. Air Force is not,
however, the first of this type that Frost has designed. Two years ago he
had designed and submitted to American experts an aircraft which was called
the Flying Manta because of its behavior on take-off. It more or less
resembled the present disc, but it could not take off vertically. In
addition, its top speed did not exceed 1430 mph.
The Manta had interested
the American General Staff, but in view of these operating deficiencies, it
was decided not to build it. (48)
These high hopes for US-Canadian flying discs were dashed when, on 3
December 1954, the Canadian Defense Ministry suddenly announced that the
project was to be abandoned on the grounds that the technology required to
make it work was too expensive and speculative.
Nearly a year later, however, on 25 October 1955, US Air Force Secretary
Donald Quarles made an intriguing statement through the Department of
Defense press office.
We are now entering a period of aviation technology in which aircraft of
unusual configuration and flight characteristics will begin to appear ...
The Air Force will fly the first jet-powered vertical-rising airplane in a
matter of days. We have another project under contract with AVRO Ltd., of
Canada, which could result in disc-shaped aircraft somewhat similar to the
popular concept of a flying saucer ...
While some of these may take novel
forms, such as the AVRO project, they are direct-line descendants of
conventional aircraft and should not be regarded as supra-natural or
mysterious ... Vertical-rising aircraft capable of transition to supersonic
horizontal flight will be a new phenomenon in our skies, and under certain
conditions could give the illusion of the so-called flying saucer.
Department of Defense will make every effort within the bounds of security
to keep the public informed of these developments so they can be recognized
for what they are ... I think we must recognize that other countries also
have the capability of developing vertical-rising aircraft, perhaps of
However, we are satisfied at this time that none of
the sightings of so-called 'flying saucers' reported in this country were in
fact aircraft of foreign origin. (49)
Quarles's surprising statement notwithstanding, the AVRO company was in fact
going through something of a bad patch following the cancellation by the
Canadian Government of the contract for the CF-105 Arrow heavy bomber, on
the pretext of the diminished air threat from Russia which had only a
limited number of intercontinental bombers.
This decision resulted in 10,000
people being laid off, most of them specialists working on the saucer
project, renamed the AVRO-Car.
It was not until August 1960 that American authorities decided to allow the
press to see the prototype of the AVRO-Car. Its performance was less than
impressive: it managed to do little more than hover a few feet above the
ground, prompting an official statement that,
'even for this type of VTOL plane ... the principal problem is low-speed
stability. Tests with a full-scale model have been made at the large
forty-by-eighty-foot wind tunnel at the Ames Research Center, belonging to
NASA, but they were not completely successful. It became clear, however,
that the various problems inherent in a circular aircraft of this type are
not insurmountable.' (50)
Just over a year later, it was announced that the US Department of Defense
would be withdrawing from the AVRO-Car project, on the grounds that it was
unlikely that the design could ever be made to work successfully.
The lamentable story of the AVRO-Car (and its illustration of the problems
besetting disc-shaped aircraft) has done nothing to dissuade Nazi-UFO
proponents from maintaining that their basic thesis is correct. However,
British ufologist Timothy Good quotes a CIA memorandum from W. E. Lexow,
Chief of the Applied Science Division, Office of Scientific Intelligence,
dated 19 October 1955, which may lend weight to this idea.
According to the
memorandum, John Frost, the designer of the AVRO-Car,
'is reported to have
obtained his original idea for the flying machine from a group of Germans
just after World War II. The Soviets may also have obtained information from
this German group'. (51)
The Problem of the UFO Occupants
Any theory of the origin of UFOs must, of course, take into account all the
available evidence, and this includes reported encounters with and
descriptions of UFO occupants. Having looked at the idea that UFOs are
man-made aircraft inspired by designs developed by Nazi scientists in the
Second World War, we now find ourselves confronting material that would, at
first sight, be sufficient to make the Nazi-UFO theory completely untenable.
For as soon as the UFO lands and opens its hatches, we meet a variety of
creatures that are anything but human. (To be sure, some UFO occupants are
described as being completely human-looking but they seem to be very much in
This has naturally led the majority of UFO researchers and
investigators to conclude that UFOs are extraterrestrial devices. Before
dealing with this problem, let us illustrate it by examining briefly some of
these alleged contacts with UFO occupants.
Over the decades since the modern era of ufology began with the Arnold
sighting in 1947, people all over the world have claimed to have encountered
an astonishing variety of creatures linked with UFOs on the ground. In the
1950s and 1960s these people were known as 'contactees' and, according to
their testimony, humanity had nothing whatsoever to fear from the ufonauts.
They were almost invariably described as being tall and strikingly
attractive, with long, sandy-colored hair and blue eyes, a description
which resulted in their being classified as 'Nordic' aliens. (In the present
context, this description has obvious and sinister connotations but, as we
shall see, is almost certainly coincidental.)
The most famous of the 1950s contactees was George Adamski who, on 20
November 1952, encountered a man claiming to come from Venus. Adamski, a
self-styled philosopher and mystic, was running a hamburger stand a few
miles from the Mount Palomar Observatory in California when he had his
encounter. He was having lunch with several friends near Desert Center when
they allegedly saw a gigantic cigar-shaped object in the sky.
friends to remain behind, Adamski drove into the desert, where he witnessed
the landing of a disc-shaped 'scout craft'. When the ship's single occupant
appeared, Adamski was able to communicate with him through a combination of
hand signals and telepathy and learned that the Venusians (together with
other intelligent races throughout the Solar System) were deeply concerned
at humanity's misuse of nuclear energy (a theme that would be repeated again
and again by the contactees).
In common with the other contactees, Adamski's claims suffered from
egregious scientific inaccuracies, not least of which was the utter
inability of all the other planets in the Solar System to support
intelligent humanoid life. In Adamski's case, this difficulty was somewhat
compounded by a comment he made to two followers regarding Prohibition.
During this period, he had secured a special
license from the government to
make wine for religious purposes (he had founded a monastery in Laguna
Beach), with the result that he claimed to have made 'enough wine for all of
Southern California'. If it had not been for the repeal of Prohibition, he
told his friends, 'I wouldn't have had to get into this saucer crap'. (52)
The contactee claims of the 1950s are rightly regarded as extremely dubious
by most ufologists; however, in the decades since there have been a number
of contact claims that demand more serious attention. Before proceeding, it
is necessary for us to look briefly at some of the most impressive reports,
since they form the backdrop to an increasingly popular conspiracy theory
regarding Nazi activities in the post-war period.
When we examine reports of encounters with UFO occupants (particularly since
the early 1960s), we see that the defining characteristic reveals itself to
be what has come to be known as 'abduction', in which witnesses are taken
from their normal environment against their will and are forced to interact
in various ways with apparently non-human entities.
One of the most famous abduction cases occurred on 11 October 1973 on the
shores of the Pascagoula River in Mississippi, USA. Charlie Hickson, 45, and
Calvin Parker, 18, were fishing in the river when they witnessed the
approach of a UFO.
The following day, the United Press International news
service carried the following report:
PASCAGOULA, Miss. Two shipyard workers who claimed they were hauled aboard a
UFO and examined by silver-skinned creatures with big eyes and pointed ears
were checked today at a military hospital and found to be free of radiation.
... Jackson County chief deputy Barney Mathis said the men told him they
were fishing from an old pier on the west bank of the Pascagoula River about
7 p.m. Thursday when they noticed a strange craft about two miles away
emitting a bluish haze.
They said it moved closer and then appeared to hover about three or four
feet above the water, then 'three whatever-they-weres came out, either
floating or walking, and carried us into the ship,' officers quoted Hickson
'The things had big eyes. They kept us about twenty minutes, photographed
us, and then took us back to the pier. The only sound they made was a
buzzing-humming sound. They left in a flash.'
'These are reliable people,' Sheriff Diamond said. 'They had no reason to
say this if it had not been true. I know something did happen to them.'
The sheriff said the 'spacecraft' was described as fish-shaped, about ten
feet long with an eight-foot ceiling. The occupants were said to have pale
silvery skin, no hair, long pointed ears and noses, with an opening for a
mouth and hands 'like crab claws.'
Inside the UFO, the two men were placed on a table and examined with a
device that resembled a huge eye. They were later interviewed by Dr J. Allen Hynek, the astronomer whose work as a consultant for the US Air Force's UFO
investigation project, Blue Book, turned him from skeptic to cautious
advocate of UFO reality.
Hynek concluded that Hickson and Parker were in a
state of genuine fright. Dr James A. Harder, a consultant for the Aerial
Phenomena Research Organization (APRO) who also investigated the case,
described the UFO occupants as 'automata', or 'advanced robots', judging
from the witnesses' descriptions.
Many people who are skeptical of UFO and alien abductions state, quite
reasonably, that an advanced spacefaring civilization would not need to
conduct the highly intrusive and traumatic experiments on human beings that
their representatives are reported to conduct. The repeated taking of
samples of blood, flesh, sperm and ova from unwilling subjects implies a
curiously primitive medical technology for beings allegedly capable of
building interstellar spacecraft.
However, there is an intriguing
correlation between the atrocities committed by 'aliens' on their human
victims and those committed by Nazi 'doctors' (I use the term loosely) in
the concentration camps during the Second World War. As we shall see later
in this chapter, proponents of the Nazi-UFO Theory, such as W. A. Harbinson,
have suggested that this may be due to an ongoing (and for the moment highly
secret) Nazi plot to create a master-race from the raw material of humanity
in its present form.
One of the most impressive and carefully investigated abduction cases
occurred on 26 August 1976. Four art students, Charlie Foltz, Chuck Rak and
brothers Jack and Jim Weiner were on a camping trip on the Allagash River in
Maine, USA. While fishing in a boat on East Lake, they watched the approach
of a large spherical light that frightened them considerably.
The next thing
they knew, they were standing on the shore of the lake, watching the object
shoot up into the sky. There was nothing left of their blazing camp fire but
a few glowing embers, implying that they had been away for several hours
although they only remembered being on the lake for about twenty minutes.
Several years later, the case came to the attention of the respected UFO
researcher Raymond E. Fowler, who investigated on behalf of the Mutual UFO
Network (MUFON), the largest civilian UFO organization in the world.
arranged for the four witnesses to undergo hypnotic regression to recover
their lost memories of the evening. Each of the men (who had promised not to
discuss with each other their individual hypnosis sessions) recalled being
taken into the UFO through a beam of light. Once inside, they encountered
several humanoid entities who forced them (apparently through some form of
mind control) to undress and sit in a mist-filled room.
Their bodies were
examined and probed with various instruments, and samples of saliva, blood,
skin, sperm, urine and feces were taken. When the examination had been
completed, the men were forced to walk through a circular doorway, whereupon
they found themselves floating back down to their boat through the light
Fowler later discovered that Jack Weiner had had an 'anomalous lump'
surgically removed several years earlier. The pathologist who examined it
had been somewhat mystified and had sent it on for analysis to the Center
for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia. At Fowler's request, Jack Weiner
asked for his medical records and discovered that the lump had been sent to
the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) in Washington, D.C., instead
of the Center for Disease Control.
When Fowler telephoned the AFIP for an
explanation, he was told by the public information officer that the AFIP
occasionally assisted civilian doctors.
'When Jack asked why the lump was
sent to the AFIP rather than the Center for Disease Control, he was told by
his surgeon's secretary that it was less costly even though Jack was covered
by insurance!' (53)
The Pascagoula and Allagash encounters display many of the hallmarks of the
typical UFO abduction, the principal elements of which can be listed as
the initial appearance of the entities and the taking of the
medical probing with various instruments
examinations and mental testing
sexual activity, in which the
percipient is sometimes forced to 'mate' with other humans or even with the
the returning of the percipient to his or her
normal environment. (54)
Although an extremely wide variety of 'alien' types
has been encountered by people all over the world, one type in particular
has become more and more commonly reported (particularly in the United
States). The so-called 'Grey' is now regarded as the quintessential alien
being and is one of the most immediately recognizable images in today's
In the unlikely event that the reader is unfamiliar with this image, we can
the Greys' physical characteristics as follows: they are
usually described as approximately four feet tall (although some are as tall
as eight feet), with extremely large craniums and enormous jet-black,
They have no nose or ears to speak of, merely small
holes where these should be; likewise, their mouths are usually described as
no more than lipless slits. The torso and limbs are described as being very
thin, almost sticklike, and more than one
abductee has reported the
impression that they seem to be made of an undifferentiated material, with
no bone or muscular structure.
Their hands are long and thin, sometimes with
three fingers, sometimes with four. In addition, the Greys are frequently
reported to be rather uncaring in their attitude towards humans, treating us
much as we treat laboratory animals. Indeed, they have been described by
some as militaristic and by others as hivelike in their demeanor, as if
they had no individual consciousness of their own but were carrying out
commands from some higher source.
It is clear that any claims of a Nazi origin of modern UFO encounters must
take account of the bizarre creatures associated with the discs. This
problem might seem insurmountable in view of the fact that, while we may not
expect the UFO pilots to be strutting around in black leather trench coats
and jackboots, they would surely nevertheless be recognizable as human
However, the research undertaken by W. A. Harbinson may offer a way
around this apparent impasse, as well as providing us with some extremely
unsettling food for thought.
Harbinson's thesis, that UFO occupants may well be cyborgs - biomedically
engineered amalgamations of human and machine - is supported to a certain
extent by medical research conducted since the 1960s.
Although this research
was at the time highly secret, the gruesome details have since come to light
in the form of books and articles that describe not only the nature of the
experiments conducted but also the frightening attitude of some members of
the medical profession.
According to David Fishlock:
'Even today there are
people who believe that convicts, especially the criminal lunatic, and even
conscientious objectors, should be compelled to lend themselves to science.'
Referring to The People Shapers (1978) by
Vance Packard, Harbinson reminds
us of the direction in which medical research was heading more than 30 years
[I]n the Cleveland Clinic's Department of Artificial Organs, not only
medical specialists, but 'mechanical, electrical, chemical, and biomedical
engineers, as well as biochemists and polymer chemists', were, in their busy
operating theatres, enthusiastically engaged in 'surgery connected to the
development of artificial substitutes for ... vital organs such as the
liver, lungs, pancreas, and kidneys'.
Conveniently within walking distance
of the Cleveland Clinic's Department of Artificial Organs are the
Neurosurgical Research Laboratories of the Cleveland Metropolitan General
Hospital, where great interest was being expressed, as far back as 1967, in
the possibility of transferring the entire head of one human being to
Switching human brains from one head to another would be
complicated and costly, but, as Packard explains: 'By simply switching
heads, on the other hand, only a few connections need to be severed and then
re-established in the neck of the recipient body.' (56)
This procedure was successfully carried out on monkeys at the Cleveland
Clinic, with each head apparently retaining its original mental
characteristics when attached to its new body.
In other words, if a monkey
had been aggressive before the operation, it would remain so when its head
was transplanted to another body. The eyes of the monkeys followed people as
they walked past, implying that the heads retained some level of awareness.
The unfortunate subjects of these procedures only lived for about one week.
Of course, the main problem in a procedure of this kind would be the
regeneration of the severed spinal cord so that the brain could send nerve
impulses to its new body; and yet even this feat seems not to be outside the
bounds of possibility.
In June 1976, a Soviet scientist named Levon A.
'reported from the fourth biennial conference on Regeneration of
the Central Nervous System that he had succeeded in re-growing the spinal
cords of rats'. (57)
Harbinson suggests, almost certainly with some
justification, that this area of research must have been continued 'behind
closed doors' at military and scientific establishments since then.
surely reasonable to suppose that, if this is the case, scientists have
progressed well beyond the level of rats.
One can be forgiven for wondering what conceivable use such barbaric
experiments could possibly have for humanity. While it is mercifully
unlikely that head transplants will ever be in vogue, such research
undoubtedly holds much potential for the enhancement of human beings who
will eventually conduct routine work in hostile environments, such as the
ocean floor and outer space.
Fusion of a sort between human and machine has
already been achieved, in the form of the so-called Cybernetic
Anthropomorphous Machine System (CAMS), 'slave' machinery that mimics the
movement of its human operators.
According to Harbinson:
In an aerospace conference given in Boston in 1966, engineer William E.
Bradley, who developed the idea of cable-less man-machine manipulator
systems for the US Defense Department's Institute for Defense Analysis,
stated his belief that man and machine would eventually be linked in such a
way that by performing the maneuvers himself, the man would cause them to
take place, through the machine, at a distance of thousands of miles.
concept soon led to the weapon-aiming system devised by the Philco
Corporation for the US Air Force, in which the pilot's helmet is coupled
with a servo-system that enables him to aim and fire his weapons
automatically by merely swivelling his head until a camera located in his
helmet shows the target. (58)
In addition, as early as 1967 US Air Force scientists had succeeded in
transmitting thought impulses to a computer using a variation on Morse code
composed of long and short bursts of alpha waves (59) (alpha waves are
produced by the brain when it is at rest). This technology has developed to
the point where today we have the potential for amputees to control their
prosthetic limbs by means of nerve impulses directly from the brain.
In the field of organ transplantation, we have seen astonishing progress
over the last 30 years and it is surely not rash to suggest that we will
soon see artificial hearts and other organs routinely replacing those
damaged through illness or accident. Likewise, in spite of concerns
regarding the ethical implications of human cloning, we may also see the day
when human organs are produced in the laboratory, ready for transplanting
when the need arises.
In view of the fact that research conducted under the
aegis of national security is between ten and twenty years ahead of what is
made public at any particular time (work on the Stealth fighter began in the
mid-1970s, although the public were not made aware of its existence until
the late 1980s), it is possible - perhaps likely - that advances in the
field of medical and bioengineering research have already extended into the
realm of what the public would consider science fiction.
Harbinson believes that what the public knows is merely the tip of the
iceberg, and reminds us that,
'the US Navy, Air Force, Army and government
agencies such as NASA - all with top-secret research establishments in the
White Sands Proving Ground and similar areas - have a particular need for
advanced man-machine manipulations or cyborgs'. (60)
He adds that the
creatures seen in and around landed UFOs could be such cyborgs: human beings radically augmented by sophisticated mechanical prosthetics.
Theoretically, the lungs of such creatures would be partially collapsed and
the blood in them artificially cooled. The cyborgs' respiration and other
bodily functions would then be controlled cybernetically with artificial
lungs and sensors which maintain constant temperature, metabolism and
pressure, irrespective of external environmental fluctuations
- thus, even if not protected by an antigravity (or gravitic) propulsion
system, they would not be affected by the extraordinary accelerations and
direction changes of their craft.
The cyborgs would have no independent
will, but could be remote-controlled, both physically and mentally, even
across great distances, by computer-linked brain implants. Since this
operation would render the mouth and nose superfluous, these would be sealed
... and completely non-functioning. (61)
If we remember the basic description of the Greys noted earlier, with their
slit-like and apparently useless mouths, vestigial noses and thin torsos, we
can begin to see a frightening correspondence with the theoretical
human-built cyborg, a nightmarish combination of genetically engineered
human and highly sophisticated machine. To a startled, disorientated and
terrified UFO witness, such a creature would surely look like nothing on
earth ... would look, in fact, like an extraterrestrial alien.
Interestingly, many people claiming to have encountered UFO crews mention
the presence of normal-looking humans alongside the bizarre entities. Some
ufologists suggest that these human types are the Nordic aliens mentioned
earlier, working alongside the Greys and perhaps forming part of some
interplanetary federation; other, more conspiracy-minded researchers believe
that the human types are just that: human beings who are in league with a
hostile alien occupation force.
There is, however, another possibility,
based on the information we have just considered. It is conceivable that the
humans seen on board UFOs are actually the controllers of the Greys/cyborgs.
It is also conceivable that these humans are members of an ultra-secret
group, existing completely independently of any nation on Earth, and perhaps
hostile to all nations and all other humans.
Conceivable, yes - but true?
These suggestions, of course, raise a number of serious and difficult
questions. If the controllers of the UFOs and their not-quite-human crew
members really are from Earth, who are they? If they place their allegiance
with no known nation, with whom does their allegiance lie? Why do they
abduct what is apparently an enormous number of ordinary humans, some of
whom are never returned?
Such an organization or society could not operate
without a well-supplied, protected and highly secret home base. Where is it?
In the final chapter of our survey, we will examine some of the theories
that have been put forward to account for the origin and activities of this
sinister group of humans. But first, we can attempt to answer one of the
questions we have just posed.
The answer, if true, is terrifying, and leads
us inevitably to the final stage of our journey through the Absolute
Telemetric Mind Control
What is the secret of so-called UFO abductions? Are hostile alien beings
responsible, or is the solution to the mystery to be found right here on
For a possible answer to these questions, we must look at the history
of a subject that most people would assume lies firmly within the boundaries
of science fiction and that has no place in the world of everyday
experience. The subject is the control of the human mind from a distance
and, as we shall now see, it is frighteningly practicable.
According to the US Air Force Scientific Advisory Board in its 1996 study of
weapons technology, New World Vistas Air and Space Power for the 21st
Century, it is possible to achieve the coupling of human and machine through
what is known as Biological Process Control.
'One can envision the
development of electromagnetic energy sources, the output of which can be
pulsed, shaped, and focused, that can couple with the human body in a
fashion that will allow one to prevent voluntary muscular movements, control
emotions (and thus actions), produce sleep, transmit suggestions, interfere
with both short-term and long-term memory, produce an experience set, and
delete an experience set.'
Researcher David Guyatt informs us that
'experience set' is jargon for one's life's memories: this technology is
quite literally capable of deleting one's memories and replacing them with
an entirely new set. (62)
Those who believe that such technology must still
be decades away from perfection may be surprised to learn that Dr Jose
Delgado, a neurophysiologist at the Yale University School of Medicine, has
been experimenting with Electronic Stimulation of the Brain (ESB) since the
late 1940s. Perhaps his most impressive experiment was conducted in 1964,
with the financial backing of the US Office of Naval Research. An electronic
probe was implanted in the brain of a bull and a small radio receiver
strapped to its head.
The animal was then placed in a bullring, along with
Dr Delgado who was equipped with a remote-control handset. As the bull
charged him, Delgado flipped a switch on the handset and the one-ton animal
stopped dead in front of him, clearly in a state of confusion. This process
was repeated several times.
'Speaking two years later, in
1966, Delgado stated that his experiments "support the distasteful
conclusion that motion, emotion, and behaviour can be directed by electrical
[means] and that humans can be controlled like robots by push buttons".'
According to Delgado, this would eventually result in a
'psycho-civilized' society, whose citizens' brains would be
computer-controlled through the use of implanted 'stimoceivers'. Guyatt
informs us that in 1974 neurophysiologist Lawrence Pinneo of the Stanford
Research Institute (SRI) developed a computer system capable of reading a
person's mind by correlating brain waves on an electroencephalograph (EEC)
with specific commands. (64)
Eighteen years earlier, in 1956, at the National Electronics Conference in
Chicago, Curtiss Shafer, an electrical engineer for the Norden-Ketay
Corporation, had stated that,
'The ultimate achievement of biocontrol may be
man himself. He continued: The controlled subjects would never be permitted
to think as individuals. A few months after birth, a surgeon would equip
each child with a socket mounted under the scalp and electrodes reaching
selected areas of brain tissue'.
The subject's 'sensory perceptions and
muscular activity could be either modified or completely controlled by
bioelectric signals radiating from state-controlled transmitters'. (65)
Among the horrors perpetrated at Auschwitz and Dachau concentration camps
were frequently fatal experiments in mind control, conducted mainly with
hypnosis and narcohypnosis, using drugs such as mescaline and various
After the war, many Nazi scientists, doctors, engineers and
intelligence personnel were secretly taken to the United States in the
operation known as
Thirty-four Nazi scientists were sent
to Randolph Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas to continue their narcohypnosis experiments on non-volunteer subjects, including prisoners,
mental patients and members of ethnic minorities. (66) The results of the narco-hypnosis experiments suggested that the technique was unreliable (the
main intention being to produce a programmable assassin), and greater
emphasis was placed on electronic technology to erase a person's personality
(a process known as 'depatterning') and replace it with a new personality
devised by the experimenter (a technique called 'psychic driving'). (67)
As might be expected, the CIA has always been extremely interested in the
concept of mind control. One of their experimental facilities was contained
within the Allen Memorial Institute, the psychiatric division of McGill
University in Montreal, Canada, directed by Dr Ewen Cameron MD on a grant
from the Rockefeller and Gerschickter Foundations. Cameron established a
Radio Telemetry Laboratory in which experiments were conducted on
Mind control researcher Alex Constantine provides us
with a glimpse of the nature of these experiments, which included depatterning and psychic driving.
The psychotronic heart of the laboratory was the Grid Room, with its
verticed, Amazing Tales interior. The subject was strapped into a chair
involuntarily, by force, his head bristling with electrodes and transducers.
Any resistance was met with a paralyzing dose of curare. The subject's brain
waves were beamed to a nearby reception room crammed with voice analyzers, a
wire recorder and radio receivers cobbled together by [Cameron's assistant]
The systematic annihilation, or 'depatterning' of a subject's
mind and memory, was accomplished with overdoses of LSD, barbiturate sleep
for 65 days at a stretch and ECT shocks at 75 times the recommended dosage.
Psychic driving, the repetition of a recorded message for 16 hours a day,
programmed the empty mind. (68)
The CIA has, over the years, established a number of secret projects to
study and experiment with methods of mind control, using drugs and various
forms of electromagnetic (EM) radiation. The notorious MKULTRA behavior-control program is merely the best-known of these projects.
others include: Project CHATTER, a US Navy program aimed at the
elimination of free will in subjects through the use of drugs and
psychology; Project BLUEBIRD, a CIA/Office of Scientific Intelligence
program to develop behavioral drugs for use in 'unconventional warfare';
and Project PANDORA, which was established as a result of the Soviet
bombardment of the US embassy in Moscow with low-intensity microwaves during
the 1960s and 1970s. (69)
PANDORA was set up to study the health effects of
microwave radiation and experimented with the induction of hallucinations
and heart seizures. According to Richard Cesaro, the director of the Defense
Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the initial goal of PANDORA was
to 'discover whether a carefully controlled microwave signal could control
the mind'. (70)
According to Constantine, CIA researchers conducted further experiments with
radio waves, which resulted in their subjects experiencing various emotions,
sensations and visions.
At the University of California at Los Angeles
'Dr Ross Adey (who worked closely with
émigré Nazi technicians after
WW II) rigged the brains of lab animals to transmit to a radio receiver,
which shot signals back to a device that sparked any behavior desired by
the researcher'. (71)
The use of electronic 'stimoceivers' inside the brains of subjects to
control thought and behavior is paralleled by one of the most disturbing
aspects of UFO abduction: the so-called 'alien implants' which, it is
claimed, are inserted into the bodies of abductees for unknown purposes.
Alien implants first came to widespread public attention with the
publication of Communion (1987) by Whitley Strieber and Missing Time (1981)
by Budd Hopkins.
One of the defining characteristics of alien abduction is
the introduction into the abductee's body of one or more small devices,
frequently through the top of the nasal cavity and into the brain but also
beneath the skin of arms, hands and legs. Some researchers speculate that
the mysterious, so-called 'unknown bright objects' that occasionally show up
on X-rays and CAT scans of the head are actually alien implants.
In the last few years, intensive efforts have been made by researchers and
investigators to retrieve these objects from the body for scientific study.
They have met with a good deal of success, with many alleged 'implants'
having been surgically removed. The results of analysis, however, have been
inconclusive, with no absolute proof of an extraterrestrial origin
forthcoming to date. Indeed, the objects (which are typically two or three
millimeters in length) have been shown to be composed of earthly materials
such as carbon, silicon, oxygen and other trace elements.
(Supporters of an
extraterrestrial origin for implants state, quite reasonably, that these
substances are common throughout the Universe and that this should not be
taken as proof of their earthly origin. Nevertheless, one would expect a
genuine alien artifact, even if constructed of materials found on Earth, to
show utterly unusual combinations or methods of construction.)
While the exact purpose of the implants is unknown, it has been suggested by
various researchers that they may be tracking devices, by which the 'aliens'
can keep tabs on humans they wish to abduct (in much the same way as
zoologists tag animals in the wild). Alternatively, they may function as
monitors of metabolism and other physical processes within the body.
investigators, fearful of a possible alien invasion of our planet, suggest
that the implants are mind-control devices that will be activated if and
when the aliens finally come out into the open, thus turning what may be
millions of humans into a gigantic army of alien-controlled robots.
Although these ideas might seem rather paranoid and far-fetched, the last
one raises the intriguing and extremely unsettling possibility that what are
assumed by many to be alien implants are actually human implants -
electromagnetic microwave devices giving the controllers direct access to
the minds of the abductees.
Naturally, in this scenario, the abductions
themselves have nothing to do with alien activity: as the French-American ufologist
Jacques Vallee has noted, (72) many apparent 'alien abductions'
give every indication of being carefully engineered hoaxes - hoaxes,
moreover, not perpetrated by the witnesses themselves but rather by a human
agency with access to high technology and vast resources.
To illustrate this possibility, let us look at the case of an unfortunate
man named Leonard Kille. A talented and successful electronics engineer,
Kille was the co-inventor of the Land camera (named after Edwin Land of the
Polaroid Corporation, who founded the Scientific Engineering Institute [SEI]
on behalf of the CIA). (73)
Alex Constantine writes:
'At South Vietnam's
Bien Hoa Hospital ... an SEI team buried electrodes in the skulls of
Vietcong POWs and attempted to spur them into violence by remote control.
Upon completion of the experiments, the POWs were shot and cremated by a
company of "America's best," the Green Berets.' (74)
In 1966, Kille suspected his wife of having an affair with a lodger. He did
not believe her denials, and a psychiatrist interpreted his resultant anger
as a 'personality pattern disturbance'. He was referred to CIA psychiatrists
for neurological tests. They concluded that Kille was a paranoid and a mild
psychomotor epileptic. Kille was admitted to the Massachusetts General
Hospital and his wife threatened to divorce him if he did not submit to
brain surgery. In fact, his wife had been conducting an affair with their
lodger, and did divorce Kille after his surgery. (75)
The surgery conducted on Leonard Kille consisted of four electrical strands,
each containing twenty electrodes, being implanted in his brain. The
insertion of these stimoceivers totally disabled Kille and left him
terrified that he would be operated on again. According to Constantine, 'in
1971 an attendant found him with a wastebasket on his head to "stop the
When he was transferred to Boston's VA Hospital, his
doctors were not informed that he had been implanted with electrode strands
and therefore assumed that his claims were those of a delusional paranoiac.
Kille's moods were controlled with electronic stimulation.
fear" left by Kille's ordeal, a psychiatrist wrote in the New England
Journal of Medicine, is that "men may become slaves, perhaps, to an
authoritarian state".' (77)
Constantine believes that UFO activity is conducted by human intelligence
UFOs are strictly terrestrial, as one UFO abductee recognized. She phoned
Julianne McKinney at the [Electronic] Surveillance Project in Washington to
report her abduction, aware that it was government-directed.
'Her house is
being shot at,' McKinney says, 'and they are harassing her viciously, the
target of massive microwave assault.'
The abuse of psychoactive technology
is escalating, unbeknownst to the American public. Recurrent hypno-programmed stalkers, ritual and 'alien' outrages and psychotronic
forms of political persecution are on the upswing at the hands of the DIA
[Defense Intelligence Agency], CIA, FBI, NSA [National Security Agency] and
other covert branches of government. Hired guns in media, law enforcement
and psychiatry protect them by discrediting the victims.
In effect, an
ambitious but meticulously concealed, undeclared war on American private
citizens is in progress - a psywar. (78)
More and more people in America are coming forward with complaints of
psychotronic harassment. One of their greatest champions was Julianne
McKinney (mentioned above), a CIA-trained military officer who decided to do
something to help the victims and used her retirement bonus to finance the
Electronic Surveillance Project (ESP), based in the offices of the
Association of National Security Alumni in Washington, D.C. The running of
the organization eventually drained all her savings, and in late 1995
McKinney left Washington.
She has not been seen since, although she is
rumored to be still alive. (79)
Microwave harassment and mind control experiments are not confined to the
United States. Following a routine operation in a Stockholm hospital, Swede
Robert Naeslund discovered that he had been implanted with a radio-hypnotic
intracerebral control device and had become the target of directed microwave
radiation. He subsequently claimed that he was unable to receive corrective
treatment from any doctor in Sweden due to interference from SAPO, the
Swedish security service.
Naeslund travelled to Indonesia and succeeded in
finding a surgeon willing to remove the implants; however, the operation was
allegedly halted midway by the CIA. Although he has made numerous attempts
to focus public awareness on his plight and that of others in his position,
this has merely resulted in more electromagnetic harassment. (80)
In the United Kingdom, it has been claimed that the women who began
protesting against the stationing of tactical nuclear weapons at the
Greenham USAF base on Greenham Common in 1981 were also the victims of
electromagnetic harassment. 'Protestors complained of severe headaches,
temporary paralysis, nausea, palpitations and other classic symptoms of
microwave poisoning. Tests revealed microwave radiation up to 100 times
greater than background readings taken around the base.' (81)
In addition, targeted electromagnetic radiation has been implicated in the
deaths of 25 British scientists who were working on secret electronic
warfare projects for NATO, including the Strategic Defense Initiative ('Star
Wars') in the mid-1980s.
According to Alex Constantine:
A pattern to the killings in Great Britain begins with the fact that seven
of the scientists worked for Marconi, a subsidiary of General Electric. At
the time, Marconi was under investigation for bribing and defrauding
ministers of government. But Britain's MoD found 'no evidence' linking the
deaths. Blame for the sudden outbreak of suicides among Marconi engineers
was laid on stress. (Another unlikely explanation was given for the 'hum' in
Bristol, home of Marconi, a low-frequency noise ... blamed on 'frogs'.)
Jonathan Walsh, a digital communications specialist at Marconi, was assigned
to the secretive Martlesham Heath Research Laboratory under a General
Electric contract. (GE has long led the field in the development of
anti-personnel electronic weapons, an interest that gestated with
participation in Project Comet, the Pentagon-based research program to
explore the psychological effects of frequencies on the electromagnetic
spectrum.) Walsh dropped from his hotel window in November 1985. (82)
It has been suggested that these scientists, one of whom killed himself by
chewing on live electrical wires, were driven to their deaths through
electromagnetic mind control.
Alex Constantine and other mind control researchers firmly believe that
American and European intelligence services are to blame not only for
barbaric mind control experiments but also for staging UFO sightings and
'alien' encounters as a cover for their activities. As we have seen, there
is much evidence to support these assertions.
However, we have also noted
that there is evidence to suggest that modern UFOs are based on highly
secret designs that were drawn up by Nazi engineers towards the end of the
Second World War.
Taken together, these claims have led some UFO researchers
and conspiracy theorists to turn their backs on the concept of alien
visitation and to suggest that innocent people throughout the world are
being victimized and abused by a sinister, ultra-secret society - a society
having little or nothing to do with the United States, Russia or any other
The outrageous suggestion put forward by these researchers is that this
society is actually composed of Nazis who escaped from the ruins of Germany
at the end of the Second World War, and who are continuing their pursuit of
world domination from the icy fastness of Antarctica.
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