September 15, 2016
Back in 1945, government officials began
fluoride in our tap water to
'improve' our dental health.
Found in many name brand toothpastes,
it's thought to help prevent tooth decay. But recent studies have
revealed that the chemical can actually do more harm than good, like
fluorosis - permanent deformation of the teeth.
Overexposure to fluoride, leading to
fluorosis, is typically seen in children during the first eight
years of their life, when their permanent teeth are beginning to
The physical deformities caused include yellow to dark brown
staining of the teeth, irregularities in the surface of the teeth,
noticeable pits that can form holes in the teeth.
Fluoride can also negatively impact
their cognitive development.
In fact, a study conducted in China
found that children who grew up in areas with high levels of
fluoride in their drinking water scored, on average,
significantly less on IQ tests than children in lower-fluoride
Senior study author Philippe Grandjean attributed the lower IQ scores to the toxic effect
that fluoride has on the developing brain.
"Fluoride seems to fit in with
lead, mercury, and other poisons that cause chemical brain
"The effect of each toxicant may
seem small, but the combined damage on a population scale
can be serious, especially because the brain power of the
next generation is crucial to all of us."
Nearly 75 percent of the U.S.
population receives drinking water that contains 0.7-1.2 parts
per million (ppm) fluoride to prevent tooth decay.
These levels are based on
recommendations from the federal government made more than four
"Just because we did studies over
the last 70 years, it doesn't mean that we did everything that
is necessary to know for sure that fluoridation is not toxic to
some processes in the body or development of the brain.
Those studies have actually not been
who is also an adjunct professor of environmental health and the
head of the Research Unit at the
University of Southern Denmark, and author of
Only One Chance - How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain
In light of these revelations, you'd
think bottled water would be the safe bet, right?
That's why we make sure to skip filling
up from the tap and invest our money in brands that claim to have
the best quality water for our health. Unfortunately, it seems that
bottled versions aren't always as pure as we've been led to believe.
Many brands actually use municipal tap
water and could contain fluoride, while certain spring water is
reported to also contain the chemical,
according to the
A study published in the
Journal of Epidemiological &
Community Health (Are
Fluoride Levels in Drinking Water Associated with Hypothyroidism
Prevalence in England?) discovered that those who consume fluoridated
water are more likely to suffer from thyroid issues.
"In many areas of the world,
hypothyroidism is a major health concern and in addition to
other factors - such as iodine deficiency - fluoride exposure
should be considered as a contributing factor.
The findings of the study
raise particular concerns about the validity of community
fluoridation as a safe public health measure,"
the study authors concluded.
To avoid buying a bottled water brand
contains fluoride, do
the following brands:
Safer bets for water bottle brands that
do not contain fluoride (so far...) include:
About Bottled Water
Bottled Water is More Expensive
than Tap Water
Business Insider, the bottled water industry,
"grossed a total of
$11.8 billion on 9.7 billion gallons (of water) in
2012, making bottled water about $1.22/gallon
nationwide and 300x the cost of a gallon of tap
If we take into account
the fact that almost 2/3 of all bottled water sales
are single 16.90z (500mL) bottles, though, this cost
is much, much higher: about $7.50 per gallon,
according to the American Water Works Association.
2,000x the cost of a gallon of tap water and twice
the cost of a gallon of regular gasoline."
The article goes on to mention
several other shocking statistics, like the fact that
bottled water consumption and sales have increased
approximately 350% respectively since the tracking of the
dollar amounts in 1991.
In that year alone, Americans
spent $2.5 billion on 2.4 billion gallons (about
The plastic bottles of water we
buy every week in the United States alone could circle the
globe five times. That's not a comfortable thought, and it
should have us questioning our activities on the planet, and
whether or not the convenience is worth the cost in
Potentially Harmful Chemicals In Bottled
Truth is, it takes a lot of oil
to make plastic bottles.
The amount of oil it takes to
make plastic water bottles in the United States alone could
fuel approximately one million cars and light trucks for a
Not long ago, German researchers
endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), that could
adversely affect development and reproduction, to be
contained in 18 popular name brand bottled water products.
Of the 24,520 suspect chemicals
found to be present in bottled water, the one that showed
consistent results and illustrated anti-androgenic and
anti-estrogenic activity was di(2-ethylhexyl)
Endocrine disruptors are
chemicals that can interfere with the hormone system; they
can cause cancerous tumors, birth defects, cardiovascular
disorders, metabolic disorders, and, as mentioned earlier,
other developmental disorders.
number of in vitro studies
reports the presence of EDCs in bottled water. , , , , 
With previous studies focusing on
estrogenicity, the present work provides evidence
for an additional contamination with steroid
Using an optimized extraction
procedure, we detected antiestrogens and
antiandrogens in the majority of analyzed bottled
Moreover, the antagonist activity was
very potent. An equivalent of 3.75 ml bottled water
inhibited estrogen and androgen receptor by up to 60
and 90%, respectively...
From a broader
perspective, bottled water from six different
countries has been found to contain estrogenic,
, , , , 
antiestrogenic, and antiandrogenic (this study), as
well as androgenic, progestagenic, and
glucocorticoid-like chemicals. 
This demonstrates that a popular
beverage is contaminated with diverse-acting EDCs."
of Putative Steroid Receptor Antagonists in Bottled
Water - Combining Bioassays and High-Resolution Mass
Researchers used spectrometric
simulation to narrow down their findings to DEHP as the only
possible EDC giving rise to harmful activity.
DEHP is also known as an
anti-estrogenic compound, which means that another
unidentified EDC must be present in the samples that showed
Bottled Water Could Potentially Be of Lower
Quality than Tap Water
Not long ago the city of
Cleveland conducted a test on the Fiji Water brand and
discovered that their water actually contained traces
of arsenic, while the city's own water supply did not.
How is this possible?
"Bottled water manufacturers are not required to
disclose as much information as municipal water utilities
because of gaps in federal oversight authority, according to
reports released yesterday by government auditors.
Bottom line: The Food and Drug Administration
oversees bottled water, and U.S. EPA is in charge of tap water.
FDA lacks the regulatory authority of EPA," John Stephenson of
the Government Accountability Office told a House panel.
Sarah Goodman of the
New York Times
The list is a long one, and it's pretty
ridiculous when you think about the fact that there are almost one
billion people on this planet who do not have access to clean
More frustrating still is the reality
that it doesn't need to be this way.
Children are dying by the minute from
waterborne diseases and we have spent billions of dollars trying to
vaccinate these populations, yet the same level of effort is not
being made to provide clean drinking water to various communities
around the world.
Greed seems to be the
source of this problem…
The Story of Bottled