and his Law of Gravity
Bhaskaracharya Indian Sage
Bhaskara II or Bhaskarachārya (1114 - c.1185) was
an Indian mathematician and astronomer who extended
Brahmagupta's work on number systems.
Born in the obscure village of
Vijjadit (Jalgaon) in Maharastra, Bhaskaracharya's mathematical
works called "Lilavati"
are considered to be unparalleled.
In his treatise "Siddhant
Shiromani" he writes on planetary positions,
eclipses, cosmography, mathematical techniques and astronomical
In modern times, the credit of discovering Earth's gravitational
force is given to Isaac Newton. However, very few people know
that the same gravitational force was already discovered by the
Indian sage Bhaskaracharya thousands of years ago.
In the "Surya
Siddhant" he makes a note on the force of gravity:
"Objects fall on earth due to a
force of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the earth,
planets, constellations, moon, and sun are held in orbit due
to this attraction."
Bhaskaracharya was the first to
discover gravity, 500 years before Sir Isaac Newton.
Maharshi Bhardwaj who Discovered Rockets and Aeroplanes
Maharshi Bhardwaj was one of the greatest Hindu sages
whose accomplishments are detailed in the Puranas.
As one of the Seven Great Sages
or Rishis in the present
Manvantara his wisdom should be
respected. According to modern science, Wright Brothers invented
Indian scientists and critics have a
different opinion and point out that
aircraft was used extensively
during Ramayana and Mahabharata time indicating that the
aeronautics was a much developed branch by that time.
This clearly indicates that the
aircraft was developed much before the modern era. Maharshi
Vimanashastra discovered and
wrote about how airplanes vanished and traveled from one
planet to another.
According to the Indians scriptures,
Maharshi Bhardwaj is considered the inventor of the airplane.
Muni - The Scientist of Stars
There is little information available about Garga Muni
who was the chief astrologer of King Prithu who in Purana is
described as an avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu.
What we do know is that Garga Muni had a passion for stars. His
Garga Samhita is based on
the six fractions of the astrological science. His work Garga
Purana lays down the rules of astrology in detail.
Garga Muni's major contribution is
in the field of Vaastushastra and Ayurveda.
Vishwamitra - The One Who Discovered and Used Missiles
Vishwamitra indian sage
Before Vishwamitra became a sage he was first a king.
Later he was recognized as one of
the most venerated sages of ancient times in India. He is the
rishi of the third book of Rigveda. Thousands of years ago, he
discovered missiles or missile systems.
Being a warrior he used these
weapons and taught Rama how missiles functioned.
"Oh, godly sage, I have taken
the missiles and became unassailable even for gods, but oh,
eminent sage, I wish to know the annulment of missiles too,"
Rama said to the sage Vishwamitra.
Gladdening in his heart of hearts
Rama of Kakutstha received the annulment missiles saying,
Those missiles are with radiantly
divine bodies, appealing and endowing bliss.
Some are fire-like, some smoke-like,
and some moon-like and some sun-like, and such as they are, some
of them holding out their hollowed palms, and some with palms
adjoined melodiously spoke to Rama saying,
"here we are, oh, manly-tiger,
what can we do for you."
Sushruta - Founding Father of Surgery
Sushruta was an ancient Indian surgeon commonly credited
as the author of the treatise
He is dubbed as the "founding father
of surgery" and the Sushruta Samhita is identified as one of the
best and outstanding commentary on Medical Science of Surgery.
He is said to have been a physician
originally of South India active in Varanasi. His period is
usually placed between the period of 1200-600 BCE.
One of the earliest known mention of
the name is from the
Bower Manuscript (4th
or 5th century), where Sushruta is listed as
one of the ten sages residing in the Himalayas.
Texts also suggest that he learned surgery at Varanasi from
Dhanvantari, the god of medicine in Hindu mythology.
Aacharya Charak - The Skin Specialist
Charak Indian sage
Acharya Charak was a well-known Ayurvedic scientist and a
Acharya Charak has researched on
science of body, science of womb and on medicines. The medicines
for the most common diseases of today like diabetes,
heart-related diseases, etc. were found by Acharya Charak many
In the "Charaka
Samhita" he has described the medicinal qualities and
functions of 100,000 herbal plants.
He has emphasized the influence of
diet and activity on mind and body. He has proved the
correlation of spirituality and physical health contributed
greatly to diagnostic and curative sciences.
He has also prescribed and ethical
charter for medical practitioners two centuries prior to the
Hippocratic oath. Through his genius and intuition, Acharya
Charak made landmark contributions to Ayurvedal.
He forever remains etched in the
annals of history as one of the greatest and noblest of rishi-scientists.
Patanjali - The Sage Behind Sutra
The life history of
Patanjali is full of
legends and contradictions.
There are no authentic records
regarding his birth. According to one story he fell down to
Earth in the form of a little snake. He fell (pata) into the
hands (anjali) of a woman, thus giving him the name Patanjali.
It is said that once, while watching
a dance by Lord Shiva, Adi Shesha found it unbearable to support
the weight of Lord Vishnu.
Amazed at this, he asked Lord Vishnu
the reason for the same.
Lord Vishnu said that this was
because of his harmony with Lord Shiva's energy state, owing to
the practice of Yoga. Realizing the value and benefits of Yoga,
Adi Shesha decided to be born amongst humans as 'Patanjali', to
teach them the great art.
Yoga Sutras are considered to serve
as the basis of the yogic techniques.
Kanad - Father of The Atomic Theory
Kanad Indian sage
In modern times, John Dalton has been credited as the
inventor of the atomic theory.
However, he was not the first one to discover the concepts of
atoms. About 2,600 years ago,
Acharya Kanad, an Indian
philosopher and a great thinker far ahead of his time, developed
what we today call the atomic theory.
Acharya Kanad was the first person in the world to discuss atoms
He said that,
"every object of creation is
made of atoms which in turn connect with each other to form
He found out that the universe is
made up of "kana" means atoms.
He studied atomic theory and found
the way atoms move and react with each other.
- The Father of Cosmology
Acharya Kapil was born in 3000 BCE to the illustrious
sage Kardam and Devhuti.
He also gifted the world with the
Sankhya School of Thought. His
pioneering work threw light on the nature and principles of the
ultimate Soul (Purusha),
primal matter (Prakriti)
His concept of transformation of
energy and profound commentaries on atma, non-atma
and the subtle elements of the cosmos places him in an elite
class of master achievers - incomparable to the discoveries of
On his assertion that Prakriti, with
the inspiration of Purusha, is the mother of cosmic creation and
Chanakya - A Great Politician
Chanakya or Vishnu Gupta or Kautilya (his
gotra) was a teacher to the first Maurya Emperor Chandragupta -
the first emperor in the archaeologically recorded history to
rule the complete Indian Subcontinent.
He authored the ancient Indian political treatise called
Chanakya is considered as the
pioneer of the field of economics and political science and his
work is thought of as an important precursor to Classical
Chanakya's works predate
Machiavelli's by about 1,800 years.
Chanakya was a teacher in
Takshashila, an ancient centre of learning.