by William Hamilton III
April 24, 2006
from Aleksur Website
I used to go to a local pub for few pints with my flat mate talking about all kind of topics, once we were talking about history, especially Finnish history, and we concluded that we have learned in the school only one sided version of our home country’s story written by scholars and priests under Swedish rule.
We were puzzled by the lack of connections to east or downgrading the influence of the east.
Moreover, we were speculating that in Finland must have been a kingdom because most the neighboring countries have chieftain type of governing system, why Finland would be exception.
We thought that something crucial is missing in history writing. Aah, those lovely beer talks with salt’ n’ vinegar crisps (ships)!
Some years has passed since the questions were raised in Turnpike Lane’s Weatherspoons Pub, and recently, I found this interesting Bock’s Saga which is feeding my hunger for the other view of Finnish and Nordic history.
when keeping the mind open for new theories it is good to calm
down the imagination, it is hard sometimes, I know...
Enjoy this interesting article:
by Bo Olsson
from BockSaga Website
recovered through WayBackMachine Website
The most astounding news in the field of modern historical research is without comparison the discovery of an ancient history and mythology revealed in Finland at the Swedish Institute of Folklore and Storytelling in Helsinki for first time in the years of 1984/85.
This historical Saga contained a huge but scientific and commonsense body of information about a small tribe of people called the Aser who became trapped in the Baltic area during Ice-Time.
According to this old Saga, taped by the institute in 1984 and 1985, the Aser people survived in the area of southern Finland during eons of time, developing the characteristics of arctic man, today called Caucasian.
In order to survive they had to keep animals domestically, drinking their milk and eating their flesh to endure the 6-7 month long winters. Thus we can explain why Caucasians have less pigmentation, as a special adaptation to the dark and cold climate. Simultaneously we find an explanation for the Caucasians' affinity for meat and animal fat, as well as their digestive systems' adaptation to diary and milk-protein.
Eighteen years ago when this Saga of the Bockströem Family finally was revealed, there wasn't a soul within the scientific community who would label it anything but "fantasies" and "hallucinations"!
And of course,
Who could believe that the heartland of the Atlantean and the Caucasian culture was the same as the Aser and the Vaner of Oden (Wotan) as told by the old Norse Sagas?
And who would believe that the heartland of these arctic people was placed in the land of Finland, as described in the Finnish-Carelian language and the mythology of Kalevala?
Even if the Kalevala is the world's most complex and extensive body of mythological information with more than a million points of "factual character", it was impossible to even think that it had originated in Finland itself.
Even though Bockströem was an old and highly respected Finnish family, it became a matter of prestige for the official academia to contradict and even ridicule the information given by the spokesman of the Saga, Mr. Ior Bock.
This old oral story-telling tradition presented statements that went far beyond the official history of Finland which considered Finnish culture before 1200 AD to be the most remote and primitive in all Europe.
According to the Bock Saga as told in 1985, the predecessors of the Aser were living in Finland already BEFORE ICE-TIME.
The Saga of The Ring
The Saga even tells how once upon a time the earth tilted, resulting in a huge mass of water turning into "damp".
The "damp" became concentrated around the magnetic poles causing it to condense and turn into ICE! While this happened within the time-frame of months, it wasn't possible to escape the enormous ice-cap that eventually covered the whole of the arctic world, all the way south to the Pyrenees, Alps, Caucasian and Himalayan mountains, as well as along the Rockies in North America.
During and after this deluge a small group of people living in the Baltic area was able to survive inside the limited area of the Gulf of Vinland (Land of the Vine), also written Finland.
The gulf-stream arrived from Mexico to Biscay, pressed through the English Channel and then it accelerated into the Oslo-fjord-area before turning EAST. It spiraled into the East Sea and curled up in the Botnic Bay and Gulf of Finland, where it escaped over the Carelian waterways into the White Sea.
The heat of the gulf-stream through these waters made it possible to survive in the Finnish archipelago inside a strictly limited area while all the surrounding land was completely covered by massive ice.
During the following eons of time the Aser (below video) were able to adapt, survive and develop a completely new way of life based on an extensive use of fire, wooden houses, fishing and domestication of animals as well as the extraction of minerals to create more effective tools and objects of aesthetic and culture value.
Over hundreds and thousands of years the gulf-stream paved a passage-way along the coastline of Norway, resulting in a collapse in the ice-cap between Norway and Greenland some 10,000 years ago.
Consequently the remaining ice-cap over Fenno-Skandia started to move, sliding downwards to the oceans on both sides. The Aser survived this cataclysm also, this time by fleeing to Gotland.
(According to recent geology Gotland and the Channel Islands are the only areas north of the Alps which have never been covered with ice!)
"After three centuries in isolation on Gotland, the first scouting Aser could start checking out the surrounding landmasses that were uncovered when the ice-masses were gone. In the next seven centuries - between 9,700 and 9,000 years ago - offspring of the Aser-family, called Goths, started inhabiting the land south and west of Gotland.
During this period representatives of the As-King sailed out to reconnect to the tropical kingdoms, telling the tale of survival during the period when all their land had been covered by ice - Alt-land-is! This enormous area was once again - 9,700 years ago - open land being discovered by the offspring of the Aser."
Thus we can follow the arctic nature which started to develop during Ice-Time and covers this same area still today.
In the same area we find traditionally the caucasian man and his arctic culture.
The same traces can be seen in the language of this area where the nomenclature still shows how all of this area was populated by the descendants of Got-land, people who still call their county or country by the word land:
Rosland (Russia), etc.
"By the year 9,000 AD the Aser family went back to the old land of Oden where they rebuilt the city of Hel (whole) and established the 'Land of the Vine', as we see in today's 'Fin-land' with the capital 'Hel-sing-Ki' inside the county of 'Uuden-Ma'.
Since then the three off-spring were permanently established: from the three sons of Oden came Dan who established the Kingdom of Danmark (the mark of Dan, Denmark), Sven who established the Kingdom of Svealand (Sweden) and Balder who established Ros-land, the land of Roses (Finland and Russia).
Thus we still find the old Nordic emblem called 'Three Crowns' as it still can be seen in the national emblem of Sweden."
Since this incredible source of historic information was revealed in Helsinki in1984/85, several completely new and surprising discoveries have occurred which bring astonishing but scientific evidence to some of the crucial statements given by the Bock Saga.
Since none of this was either known or even considered possible within the scientific community before 1995 the following findings bring a strong bearing on the validity of the historical significance and value of the Saga.
1. The Pechora Project
After the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 a number of European governments funded cross-cultural and scientific projects that could stimulate the east-west connection specifically.
In 1993 the University of Bergen, Norway, was granted a large sum to develop an archaeological project on the country's northernmost area, Finmark, where the very oldest site of stone-age settlements in Norway is found, carbonated to 9,900 BP.
By 1991 the new co-op project was extending into the ancient cross-cultural area of the Kola Peninsula, where they discovered traces of aprox. 30-35,000 year old traces of the "first" arctic civilization.
Later during the course of 1993-98, the Pechora Project, a research group constituted of archaeologists, geologists and palaeontologists from the Universities of Bergen, Petersburg and Moscow, made a series of astounding discoveries.
East of Arhcangelsk by the Pechora basin, east of the White Sea they found settlements covering the coastline of northern Russia over a distance stretching more than 1000 km (sic!) to the east/northeast!
The various settlements have different ages, ranging from 10,700 BP up to 40,000 BP!!!
According to the senior-archaeologist Prof. Indrelid from the University of Bergen, there is no substantial doubt as to what kind of culture the old house-foundations, stone-tools, prey and other traces represent.
"These are obviously traces of the homo sapiens preceding the later stone-age cultures", well known from both Fenno-Scandia and Russia.
The Pechora (Paleo Environment and Climate History of the Russian Arctic) Report was recently referenced in the British Scientific Journal "Nature".
A consequence is that the present thesis concerning the spread of modern man from Africa to Europe (expected to have happened about 40-50,000 years ago) must be thoroughly reconsidered, since there is no explanation as to how a tropical homo sapiens could adapt to this extreme arctic climate in a few generations.
Information: Prof. S. Indrelid: The Pechora-Project, Univ. of Bergen, Norway. Article: "Nature", Sept. 06, 2001 - Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago.
2. The Wolf-cave discovery
In 1995 a Finnish truck-driver, Mr. Kallervo Uusitalo, made an incredible discovery when he was given the chance to excavate an old natural cave close to his home outside the city of Kristinestad on the northwest coast of Finland.
Under 1.8 meters of earth and sand he found a thick layer of ash, obviously from a prehistoric fireplace.
The fireplace was placed just at the entrance of the cave and after Uusitalo informed the senior geologist of the Finnish Geological Society, Mr. Heikki Hirvas, the latter soon established that Uusitalo's old Susihuola (wolf-cave), though once abandoned for further investigation by the National Board of Archaeologists, actually contained evidence of old human settlement - "more than 70,000 years old", said Mr. Hirvas.
Consequently, by 1996 the Finnish Board of Antiquities had to begin closer investigations into the cave.
And at the end of the summer it was clear that the self-educated truck-driver was no local fool or dilettanti after all. There were even older traces inside the cave.
By 1998 the official report published by a team of Finnish experts, confirmed that there had been people living, cooking and tool-making inside the cave more than 125,000 years BP!
Since then more experts from all Nordic countries have been joining in the excavations as well as the investigations and testing of the growing amount of material from the cave.
By this summer it was published that the (hereto) oldest fireplace found in the cave is more than 300,000 years old!!!
According to the geological stratigrapha the deepest layers of sediment within the cave are about 430-450,000 years old, but this is still to be confirmed by thermochemical tests...
Further information: http://www.nba.fi/en/tutkimusprojeng (choose English text and archaeological research)
3. Caucasian discoveries
As these two facts shed new light on the history of the arctic man as well as the modern man (which may be the same), it is obvious that the 9,200 year old Caucasoid found at Kennewick in the mid 90-ties would have been arriving from the Baltic/Carelian area.
A similar discovery was made in 1996 on the island of Hitra off the west coast of Norway, where a 9,200 year old settlement was excavated. This proves that the first inhabitants of Norway were already constructing, building and using boats which were large and steady enough to sail - over oceans! Moreover; the place had been permanently in use for about 7,000 years.
See: "Hitra 1996/97", Univ. of Trondheim, Dept of Archeology, Norway 1997.
Since the above mentioned cultures (which must have had some common origin!) were disappearing around 10,700 BP (before present), only to reappear around 9,900 BP in the far north of Norway (!), it seems that the great ice cap which once covered Fenno-Scandia and Russia had been sweeping away the land for both of these populations during the end of the ice-age.
10,800 BP the ice-cap between Norway and Greenland split apart, resulting in widespread destabilization of the ice-mass of the Scandinavian inland, causing it to split into two sections and slide to the lowland and the oceans of the Baltic as well as the North Atlantic.
Somewhere in the Eastern Sea, such as the island of Gotland, an area remained free of ice and a group of the first arctic culture must have survived, because the immigration to Fenno-Scandia appeared immediately after the ice has gone.
Very quickly population spread to cover all of Fenno-Scandia, as well as western Russia, Denmark and England. Less than 500 years after the ice-mass rushed off the Scandinavian peninsula we find the arctic man all along the 4500 km (!) coastline of Norway, as well as in Sweden, Finland and from the Baltic to the Black Sea.
Much later this population became mixed with tropical immigrants:
in Russia with Persian, Greek, Jewish and Gypsy immigrants
in Europe with Roman, Iberian, Jewish and Gypsy immigrants
Only the Scandinavians and the Basques stayed genetically stable and today they represent the two oldest populations of Europe - more than 9000 years old.
(Dr. M. Richards, European Genome Project)
Cultural waves and counter-waves
According to Plato the people who entered thorough the pillars of Herakel, as well as the "true white brother" that came to Meso-America, where "pale" or "shining" (sun-tanned!), "tall, bearded with green/blue eyes", "flying over the waves on vessels that where build like of bird-feathers".
Just for the record: they still build the local ships in this manner in the fjords around the Scandinavian peninsula.
Unfortunately all of the originally natural-scientific-philosophic cultures of the old Eurasia were evidently conquered by an esoteric (abstracted) philosophy (way of living). Greek/Arabic fanatics finally overpowered Russia as Vatican warlords were laying waist to the old European culture, plundering their treasures and taking all available resources.
During the darkest middle-ages all memories of Eurasia's own arctic past was ruthlessly stigmatized as "heathen", "barbaric" or "primitive". Consequently most traditions, institutions, as well as the skills and knowledge such as sagas and stories were banned, destroyed and extinguished "from the face of the earth".
It was similar to what later occurred to the red Indian of North America, who during the 16th century was defined as an animal, even that by "Gods-One-and-Only-Representative-on-Earth", and his cooperators in Italy, Spain and Portugal.
As we know, bestiality, deception and superstition became political tools, and during the dark middle-ages they became more the rule than the exception. When some warlord or tyrant could benefit somehow - even simply to get an ego-burst - powerful people would damage, torture and burn people alive. To gain a piece of gold or silver or the grace of the holy see, people could massacre a village or a city.
There have been examples in which the religious leaders launched campaigns spanning several years, slaughtering innocent civilians by the hundreds and thousands, torturing, devastating and even terminating a whole ethnic society and their culture, just to cover up the theft of their land, their trade or their cultural treasures.
This explains how and when and from where the civilization we call Atlantis occurred, communicated their existence and then "disappeared".
Now, if one may accept that Atlantis could be an original Nordic word stemming from the gothic ocean-sailors of 9,200 years ago, one may accept that the word, before it became Egyptian/Greek, was spelled Alt-land-is, which in "root-language", as well as common Swedish/Norwegian/Danish translates to "All-(the)-land-ice"!
As you may remember from the Pechora-Project (Paleo Environment and Climate History of the Russian Arctic), it seems obvious that the warm water from the Mexican Gulf once was forced to pass Scandinavia through the East Sea and then sipping out into the White Sea simply because a gigantic ice-cap between Norway, Scotland and Greenland would not allow it to pass along the coastline of Norway as it had been doing for the past 10,000 years.
With the gulf stream running into the Baltic Sea and out by the White Sea, we may understand that Fenno-Skandia once was the one big island Plato tells about.
During the Ice-Time (also called "Alt-land-is-period"), the ice-cap once covered all of Russia and northern Europe as well as an area from the southern tip of Norway to the North Sea to Scotland and all the North Atlantic. At that time the gulf-stream (from Mexico!) could not pass the coastline of Norway but had to turn into the East Sea, over Ladoga/Onega to the White Sea until 10,700 years ago.
That is how a small group of people who'd been trapped by Ice-Time, could survive in southern Finland during a period when all the other EURASIAN land was under massive ice.
As the name of the period tells (in Scandinavian tongue) "All-land-iced" - all the land was ice except for the Gulf of Vinland (Finland), where the stream of tempered water, after passing through the English channel, hitting Oslo-fjord and passing east to the south of Sweden, kept the beaches of south/southwest Finland green (vin, wine).
This is how the life of the people we find in Susiluola 300,000 years ago and in the White Sea 40,000 yrs ago had been saved and could exist by a certain twist of destiny.
By the time the ice-age finally was passing, a small group escaped the melting ice-mass by fleeing to the island Gotland by ship. From this small group of arctic human beings we know that they called their hideout in Gotland the "new yard" (norse: Noa-tun!).
By modern DNA tests we can follow these "Caucasians" who later populated Fenno-Russia again, as well as Sweden, Denmark, Germany, France and England and via Sweden/Norway, the Orkneys, Scotland/Ireland and the Faeroe Islands.
Thanks to the old Norse sagas, verified by modern archaeology (!), we know for a fact that the old Norse, together with the Swedish and the Goths, populated Greenland, and the east-coast of America down to Vinland Goda (Virginia).
They even visited Haiti and Landit Goda (Terra Cuba)!
Today these are well known facts, thanks to the Norwegian researchers Helge and Anne-Stine Ingstad and the book Westwards before Columbus (1991) by the Norwegian Kåre Prytz. As of 2002, thanks to modern chemistry, even the rune stone from Kensington dated 1362, has been proven real!
Nature Gifts, Descriptive and Phonetic Writing
Soon after Ice-Time the original arctic people in Norse mythology always called the Aser, connected with the tropical kingdoms of the Vaner (meaning "One R", as in "One Race").
According to the Aser the Vaner was divided into ten tropical "races", as in rays from a fellow sun. This is how they appeared also in ancient Meso-America, more than 9,000 years ago, bringing their necessities for arctic life, such as corn, seasoning vegetables and live-stock, they shared these "nature-gifts" all over the tropical world.
Along with the history of all the races' common past and common origin, these Aser represented a special development. Missing pigmentation, eating meat and drinking milk, etc. the Aser and their arctic descendants had developed differently, for good and bad, from all the tropical races.
Besides domestic plants and animals, the Aser carried a very special knowledge around in the world which was inherent in their own language.
Based on "the ROOTS of the sounds within our natural brain" they had developed a highly sophisticated sound-system, that still today can be found within the Nordic language called Swedish-Finn (RUOTSI) and the Finno-Ugric language called SUOMI.
As ROT is the only language using 9 clear sounds (vocals) to their full extent, the Aser developed a mathematically perfected association-system based on the geometric laws of the "full circle".
This complete association system has one ring of 29 smaller rings called keys or sounds. As the large circle moves around one source of light or vice versa, signs are aspected that represent these 9 key-sounds and the 20 combination-sounds forming the Nordic writing-system, called the alphabet (phonetic writing).
It was developed into perfection during the age-long Ice-Time when the long harsh winter months required 95% of the hours focused with indoor-activities. This implies that these arctic people had a long history of training mental skills, developing scientific cognition and the degree of its use and usefulness within the functions of nature.
After Ice-Time this started spreading, slowly to Crete and onwards.
But many generations passed before everybody had the possibility to exchange all the alphabetic sounds with a complete understanding and a fully developed, clean cut vocabulary.
Well, this has come further than intended.
But I hope you enjoy it and see the usefulness of this information in interrelating the petroglyphs recently found off Cuban waters, i.e. the cultural connection between the Rose and Ros-land (Russia), the Rus-Ki (rose-key) and the Et-Rus-Ki (Rose-Family-Key), as compared with En-er-ki/gi/gy (one-motion-giving).
Since the sound (and the letter) "eR" represents "motion", eR-os becomes "offspring-of-being", it induces a sacred or whole-I (holy) moment, of "giving" that any off-spring (of an origin) represents, which is life evolving. It is like the key turns, unfolding in the harmony of the rose, which constitutes the word "Etruscans", as it written in today's commonplace English.
If one wants to understand the sounds behind the Etruscan writing system or the linear C, one should most likely check on the old Russian language, combined with the knowledge which survived in Frisland in the Oera Linda Boek, the oldest book in Europe, which describes an ancient Celtic writing-system (phonetic, of course) which the gothic knowledge validates, like the one recently described in the interview with Ms. Zelinsky.
Another interesting synchronicity is that the Oera Linda Boek was not known until the first translation into modern Dutch which was reviewed in an English book, published in the 70-ties, by Robert Scrutton, called: The Second Atlantis, which argues that Atlantis is the sunken floor of the North Sea.
This was evidently a populated dry land some thousands of years ago and the best candidate around until the story about a 450,000 year old culture which 10,700 BP was overrun by an ice-cap (i.e. frozen water), destroying their homes and palaces, as well as raising the ocean-level drastically.
After surviving the cataclysmic end-phase of the Ice-Time in the caves of Gotland, the descendants of the Aser migrated about 9,300-400 years ago to:
The Black Sea - where they built a palace and a city called As-hov (Temple of Aser), where River Don meets the Asov-Sea.
According to the Icelandic Sagas, this is the original home of the Aser, also called the "Gods of the Vikings". The problem with this terminology is that the Vikings did not have superstitious or metaphysical idols.
Together with Per Lillieström of Sweden, the legendary Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl is presently completing archaeological work in Asov, following the direction from the Islandic myths!
The excavations have been utterly clarifying and affirming of Heyerdahl's thesis;
"The ancient cultural elite known as the Aser and their neighbors the Vaner were not gods but men of high descent, carrying the wisdom of the ages up to the time of the Roman and the Christian culture's conquest of the area."
Because of Heyerdahl's discoveries the University of Rostov is now starting to build a new institute in Asov to continue Heyerdahl's work and investigate his debated theories!
Crete - where they instituted an eastern and a western kingdom of the Mediterranean Sea to establish connections of trade and culture.
Egypt and Africa - where they established a kingdom with a rich agriculture - Et- io-pi-a - 9,200 years ago, as well as technical skills of irrigation and stone-building, etc.
The Caspian Sea - where they connected with the Hindus and the Chinese. Current discoveries of stone and clay-tablets nearly 7,000 years old contain inscriptions about sailing via Norway to the Indians of Meso-America, including the As-tec (Ko-As-Ko-At-lan), the Ma-ja , the In-di-an and the In-ka(r).
Throughout the arctic world - where they populated areas through their descendants - the Vaner established the land of the rose (Rosia) and the Men, Sven and Dan, the two brothers of the O-den (The Lord of the Ring), also known as the Prime Elder of the Aser, later populated Russia, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Scotland, England and France.
Their common origin of Odin became known as "The King of Kings", or as Allfader, Father of (us) All, as they remembered the original time of mankind, arriving from the first man and woman (Frei and Freia, Seed-I and Seed-In)
When the War Arrived
As the movements of war and more war spread to the mid-east to all of the Mediterranean area, it evidently struck on the "Gallic" being the arctic natives of northern Europe.
To the conquerors, becoming the "new masters for a new time", the old history of the origin of man and mankind, like the story of the Aser and the Vaner, as well as the period of Atlantis, their King of all Kings, etc. become destroyed, twisted and/or abstracted.
Finally the authentic history, as well as the natural science and philosophy, become "super-real", and conserved in the form of written rules and strict regulations called religion. But as we know by now, the impetus for any aggressor like greed, manipulation and cynicism cannot live side by side with a scientific approach to truth, to honesty and social responsiveness or an ethical sincerity within government and culture.
Unfortunately cultures of a "higher consciousness" are not able to resist when attacked by a well prepared aggressor. Since beauty is already gone and truth always loses, there is no way for an ethical responsible human being to combine war with a later life in dignity. War kills and everybody involved is part of the killing somehow before the battle is over.
Thus everybody is part of the dying. Even celebrated "war-heroes" will feel this death and carry it within for the rest of their lives. That's why killing as any other crime NEVER pays.
Although this is what trigger-happy ignorant people or greedy politicians, or both, still want us to believe. Once one has been killing it does not matter, it's quite easy to do again and then it becomes easy.
Eventually it becomes some kind of morbid entertainment. Mercenaries and veterans become "war-sick" and after a limited time at home they search out a new war, to be "in" on a mission, serving a purpose. Then the bottom line boils down to a culturally induced vision - of another mass of idiots to kill - that turns into a habitual need of monstrous proportions.
This is a high price to pay for humankind, simply so that a limited number of men shall feel a momentary fulfillment of a culturally invoked need.
Only a Rose is a Rose is a Rose
As any stone can break any rose, so can any dumb murderer kill a genius, artist, honest farmer or hardworking craftsman.
Likewise could the "well" trained Roman armies march straight over, slaughtering and burning villages, cities and the cultural societies of ancient England, Germany and France, before taking on Poland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland.
After more than 1,000 years of warfare the new Roman tyrants - now dressed as cardinals around a Pope - succeeded to conquer the whole of Europe.
However, did this mean that their culture was "superior" to the old one?!
The final victory came in the "crusade" of 1049-51, when more than 30,000 catholic mercenaries invaded Oden-ma, the capitol state of southern Finland.
Here they located and destroyed the oldest temples known to exist in the old world: the Temples of Asgard, the original home of the Aser.
Slaying or burning all inhabitants and destroying every trace of the "heathen" culture, they effectively annihilated the most holy of lands for all arctic people, the land of Oden and the centre of Atlantis, where the culture had managed to adapt and survive Ice-Time.
Moreover, our arctic ancestors had also managed to develop themselves and their culture, enhancing the skills and abilities necessary to connect with all the other races of the globe and to recreate the long lost unity of all mankind.
That's probably why our old Norse myths point to the rainbow as "the bridge to Asgard".
Who believes in Santa Claus?
According to recent studies the folk-traditions of celebrating Christmas, Easter and Mid-summer, all revolve around the old Pagan world which has been developing in one clear line of descent from the earliest time of rock carvings.
A Dutch researcher writing about the "true homeland of Santa", states that the contemporary custom of the historic old, heathen Santa Claus, is actually the Man of Oden, the Prime Elder of the Aser, the historical Odin (Wotan), dressing in the well known old-fashioned dress code of Saint Necklas from ancient times.
His mission is still to ignite the annual, world-wide celebration of "the life-wheel, the tree of light and the succession of family and mankind".
See: When Santa was a Shaman - The Ancient Origin of Santa Claus, by Tony van Rentergem - 1996.