Meteorite Fragments Must Be in a Different Place
Translated by Maria Gousseva
Original Report in Russian
Professor of physical chemistry from the Altay State University
Vladislav Batenkov thinks that traces of the Tunguska
meteorite should not have been searched for not directly under
the meteorite’s course, but rather in the opposite direction.
Professor Batenkov graduated from the Chemistry Department of
Tomsk State University; he currently deals with transistor
electrochemistry. He has published several substantial monographs.
Vladislav Batenkov is the creator of 14 inventions. The
professor said in an interview to the newspaper Altayskaya Pravda:
“The mystery of the Tunguska
meteorite can be solved with the help of the physicochemical
properties of water. The explanation is based upon water’s
ability to decompose in oxygen and hydrogen at temperatures of
over 1000 degrees centigrade. At the temperature of 5000 degrees
centigrade, the decomposition occurs with detonation. When the
temperature of the oxygen and hydrogen (the detonating mixture)
drops below 1000 degrees centigrade, water is generated again
together with the detonation.
have revealed that total amount of heat necessary to turn 1 kg
of meteorite ice into decomposition products (warming of ice,
ice melting, water heating, water evaporation, heating of the
steam, and decomposition of water vapor) is about 30.000
kilojoule per one kilogram.
The quantity of heat exuded at the
deceleration of a one-kilogram meteorite to the zero speed will
be equal to its initial kinetic energy. Let’s assume that the
speed at which the meteorite hits the Earth is 20 km per second.
Then, the quantity of heat exuded at the deceleration will be
about 200.000 kilojoule per kilogram. This is seven times more
than necessary for melting, heating, evaporation, and
decomposition of water for the initial components.
However, not the whole quantity of heat will be spent on the
water’s decomposition; a considerable quantity of heat will
quickly disperse in the atmosphere because of the high
difference between the temperatures and the meteorite’s high
speed in the atmosphere. Obviously, only the front part of the
meteorite has all the conditions necessary for an increase of
the pressure and temperature enough for water decomposition.
So, the falling of the Tunguska meteorite was as follows.
A huge chunk of ice entered the atmosphere at an acute angle,
and then it started decelerating increasing in temperature.
There is evidence proving that the meteorite’s glow was first
noticed near the city of Vladivostok, and the meteorite’s
deceleration was registered at 4,000 kilometers, near the
Podkamennaya Tunguska River basin. The ice chunk increased
in temperature along the way, especially the front of the
meteorite. The meteorite started splitting into separate
fragments. That is why several differently glowing objects could
have been observed by the end of the deceleration. By that
moment, the gases reached a maximum compression, and fragments
of the meteorite increased in temperature to several thousand
At the end of the motion, the clouds
of water decomposition products (detonating gas) compressed as a
result of the fragments’ deceleration and increase in
temperature and detonated in the atmosphere after quick
expansion and cooling. Forest fires and concentric forest falls
were the consequences of the detonation. Dust particles melted
and fell down in the form of small beads. It is likely that when
the gas detonated, some tail-end parts of the ice lump were cast
away in a different, south-east direction. Thus, the remains of
the meteorite should have been searched for not along the
meteorites course, but in the opposite direction.”
Professor Vladislav Batenkov can
provide calculations proving his hypothesis. He stresses that the
Tunguska meteorite mystery hasn’t been explained yet with water
decomposition into components and explosion of detonating gas.
According to the professor, it is difficult to determine the total
scale of the meteorite’s impact upon the atmosphere of the Earth,
because the initial mass of the meteorite and the speed at which it
hit the planet are unknown. If we assume that the speed was 20
kilometers per second and consider “an awful explosion equal to two
thousands Hiroshimas,” we can estimate the mass of the Tunguska
meteorite. According to Batenkov’s calculations, the mass of
the meteorite made up 40,000 tons.