by Leuren Moret
The Journal of
1 July 2004
has worked at two US nuclear weapons laboratories as a
geoscientist. In 1991 she became a whistleblower at the
Livermore nuclear weapons lab, and since then has worked
as an independent citizen scientist and radiation
specialist in communities around the world, and
contributed to the UN sub-commission investigating
Her research on the
environmental and public health effects of low level
radiation from atmospheric testing fallout, nuclear
power plants, and depleted uranium weaponry, is
available on the internet and at
In 2003, she
testified at the International Criminal Tribunal for
Afghanistan held in Japan, and presented at the World
Depleted Uranium Weapons Conference in Hamburg, Germany,
and at the World Court of Women at the World Social
Forum in Bombay, India in January 2004.
She is a
Contributing Editor to GLOBAL OUTLOOK, a City of
Berkeley Environmental Commissioner, and the Past
President of the Association for Women Geoscientists.
Heat not a furnace for your foe
so hot that it do singe yourself.
The use of depleted uranium
weaponry by the United States, defying all international
treaties, will slowly annihilate all species on earth
including the human species, and yet this country continues
to do so with full knowledge of its destructive potential.
Since 1991, the United States has staged
four wars using depleted uranium weaponry, illegal under all
international treaties, conventions and agreements, as well as under
the US military law.
The continued use of this illegal
radioactive weaponry, which has already contaminated vast regions
with low level radiation and will contaminate other parts of the
world over time, is indeed a world affair and an international
The deeper purpose is revealed by
comparing regions now contaminated with depleted uranium - from
Egypt, the Middle East, Central Asia and the northern half of India
- to the US geostrategic imperatives described in
Zbigniew Brzezinski’s 1997 book
The Grand Chessboard.
Brzezinski’s map of
the Eurasian Chessboard
“This huge region, torn by
volatile hatreds and surrounded by competing powerful
neighbors, is likely to be a major battlefield, both for
wars among nation-states and, more likely, for protracted
ethnic and religious violence. Whether India acts as a
restraint or whether it takes advantage of some opportunity
to impose its will on Pakistan will greatly affect the
regional scope of the likely conflicts.
The internal strains within
Turkey and Iran are likely not only to get worse but to
greatly reduce the stabilizing role these states are capable
of playing within this volcanic region. Such developments
will in turn make it more difficult to assimilate the new
Central Asian states into the international community, while
also adversely affecting the American-dominated security of
the Persian Gulf region.
In any case, both America and
the international community may be faced here with a
challenge that will dwarf the recent crisis in the former
The fact is that the United States and
its military partners have staged four nuclear wars, "slipping nukes
under the wire" by using dirty bombs and dirty weapons in countries
the US needs to control. Depleted uranium aerosols will permanently
contaminate vast regions and slowly destroy the genetic future of
populations living in those regions, where there are resources which
the US must control, in order to establish and maintain American
Described as the Trojan Horse of nuclear war, depleted uranium is
the weapon that keeps killing. The half-life of Uranium-238 is 4.5
billion years, the age of the earth. And, as Uranium-238 decays into
daughter radioactive products, in four steps before turning into
lead, it continues to release more radiation at each step.
There is no way to turn it off, and
there is no way to clean it up. It meets the US Government’s own
definition of Weapons of Mass Destruction.
After forming microscopic and submicroscopic insoluble Uranium oxide
particles on the battlefield, they remain suspended in air and
travel around the earth as a radioactive component of atmospheric
dust, contaminating the environment, indiscriminately killing,
maiming and causing disease in all living things where rain, snow
and moisture remove it from the atmosphere.
Global radioactive contamination from
atmospheric testing was the equivalent of 40,000 Hiroshima bombs,
and still contaminates the atmosphere and lower orbital space today.
The amount of low level radioactive pollution from depleted uranium
released since 1991, is many times more (deposited internally in the
body), than was released from atmospheric testing fallout.
A 2003 independent report for the European Parliament by the
European Committee on Radiation Risk (ECRR), reports that based on
Chernobyl studies, low level radiation risk is 100 to 1000 times
greater than the International Committee for Radiation Protection
models estimate which are based on the flawed Atomic and Hydrogen
Bomb Studies conducted by the US Government.
Referring to the extreme killing effects
of radiation on biological systems, Dr. Rosalie Bertell, one
of the 46 international radiation expert authors of the ECRR report,
describes it as:
"The concept of species annihilation
means a relatively swift, deliberately induced end to history,
culture, science, biological reproduction and memory. It is the
ultimate human rejection of the gift of life, an act which
requires a new word to describe it: omnicide."
PROJECT BLUEPRINT FOR DEPLETED URANIUM
In a declassified memo to General Leslie R. Groves, dated October
30, 1943, three of the top physicists in the Manhattan Project, Dr
James B Conant, A H Compton, and H C Urey, made their
recommendation, as members of the Subcommittee of the S-1 Executive
Committee, on the ‘Use of Radioactive Materials as a Military
"As a gas warfare instrument the
material would be ground into particles of microscopic size to
form dust and smoke and distributed by a ground-fired
projectile, land vehicles, or aerial bombs. In this form it
would be inhaled by personnel. The amount necessary to cause
death to a person inhaling the material is extremely small …
There are no known methods of treatment for such a casualty … it
will permeate a standard gas mask filter in quantities large
enough to be extremely damaging."
As a Terrain Contaminant:
"To be used in this manner, the
radioactive materials would be spread on the ground either from
the air or from the ground if in enemy controlled territory. In
order to deny terrain to either side except at the expense of
exposing personnel to harmful radiations… Areas so contaminated
by radioactive material would be dangerous until the slow
natural decay of the material took plac … for average terrain no
decontaminating methods are known. No effective protective
clothing for personnel seems possible of development… Reservoirs
or wells would be contaminated or food poisoned with an effect
similar to that resulting from inhalation of dust or smoke."
"… Particles smaller than 1µ
[micron] are more likely to be deposited in the alveoli where
they will either remain indefinitely or be absorbed into the
lymphatics or blood… could get into the gastro-intestinal tract
from polluted water, or food, or air… may be absorbed from the
lungs or G-I tract into the blood and so distributed throughout
Both the fission products and depleted
uranium waste from the Atomic Bomb Project were to be utilized under
The pyrophoric nature of depleted
uranium, which causes it to begin to burn at very low temperatures
from friction in the gun barrel, made it an ideal radioactive gas
weapon then and now. Also it was more available because the amount
of depleted uranium produced was much greater than the amount of
fission products produced in 1943.
Britain had thoughts of using poisoned gas on Iraq long before 1991:
"I am strongly in favor of using
poisoned gas against uncivilized tribes. The moral effect should
be good... and it would spread a lively terror..."
(Winston Churchill commenting on
the British use of poison gas against the Iraqis after the First
Depleted uranium weapons were first given by the US to Israel for
use under US supervision in the 1973 Sinai war against the Arabs.
Since then the US has tested, manufactured, and sold depleted
uranium weapons systems to 29 countries. An international taboo
prevented their use until 1991, when the US broke the taboo and used
them for the first time, on the battlefields of Iraq and Kuwait.
The US military admitted using depleted uranium projectiles in tanks
and planes, but warheads in missiles and bombs are classified or
referred to as a ‘dense’ or ‘mystery metal’.
Dai Williams, a researcher at the 2003
World Depleted Uranium Weapons Conference, reported finding 11 US
patents for guided weapons systems with the term ‘depleted uranium’
or ‘dense metal’, which from the density can only be depleted
uranium or tungsten, in order to fit the dimensions of the warhead.
Hard target guided
weapons in 2002: smart bombs & cruise missiles with "dense metal"
warheads (updated September 2002)
Hard target guided weapons in 2001: smart bombs & cruise
missiles with "dense metal" warheads
Warhead weights include explosives (~20%) and casing. Dense
metal ballast or liners (suspected to be DU) estimated to be
50-75% of warhead weight - necessary to double the density
of previous versions. AUP = Advanced penetrators. S/CH =
Shaped Charge. BR = BROACH Multiple Warhead System (S/CH+AUP).
P = older 'heavy metal' penetrators. © Dai Williams 2002
source: Depleted Uranium weapons in 2001-2002: Occupational,
public and environmental health issues - Mystery Metal
Nightmare in Afghanistan? Collected studies and public
domain sources compiled by Dai Williams, first edition 31
Extensive carpet bombing, grid bombing,
and the frequent use of missiles and depleted uranium bullets on
buildings in densely populated areas has occurred in Iraq,
Yugoslavia, and Afghanistan.
The discovery that bomb craters in
Yugoslavia in 1999 were radioactive, and that an unexploded missile
in 1999 contained a depleted uranium warhead, implies that the total
amount of depleted uranium used since 1991 has been greatly
underestimated. Of even greater concern, is that 100 per cent of the
depleted uranium in bombs and missiles is aerosolized upon impact
and immediately released into the atmosphere.
This amount can be as much as 1.5 tons
in the large bombs. In bullets and cannon shells, the amount
aerosolized is 40-70 per cent, leaving pieces and unexploded shells
in the environment, to provide new sources of radioactive dust and
contamination of the groundwater from dissolved depleted uranium
metal long after the battles are over, as reported in a 2003 report
by the UN Environmental Program on Yugoslavia.
Considering that the US has admitted
using 34 tons of depleted uranium from bullets and cannon shells in
Yugoslavia, and the fact that 35,000 NATO bombing missions occurred
there in 1999, potentially the amount of depleted uranium
contaminating Yugoslavia and transboundary drift into surrounding
countries is staggering.
Because of mysterious illnesses and post-war birth defects reported
among Gulf War veterans and civilians in southern Iraq, and
radiation related illnesses in UN Peacekeepers serving in
Yugoslavia, growing concerns about radiation effects and
environmental damage has stirred up international outrage about the
use of radioactive weapons by the US after 1991.
At the 2003 meeting of parties to the
Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, discussing the U.S. desire to
maintain its nuclear weapons stockpile, the Hiroshima Mayor
Tadatoshi AKIBA stated,
"It is incumbent upon the rest of
the world ... to stand up now and tell all of our military
leaders that we refuse to be threatened or protected by nuclear
weapons. We refuse to live in a world of continually recycled
fear and hatred".
Four reasons why using depleted uranium weapons violates the UN
Convention on Human Rights:
LEGALITY TEST FOR WEAPONS UNDER
TEMPORAL TEST – Weapons must not
continue to act after the battle is over
ENVIRONMENTAL TEST – Weapons
must not be unduly harmful to the environment
TERRITORIAL TEST – Weapons must
not act off of the battlefield
HUMANENESS TEST – Weapons must
not kill or wound inhumanly
International Human Rights and
humanitarian lawyer, Karen Parker, determined that depleted uranium
weaponry fails the four tests for legal weapons under international
law, and that it is also illegal under the definition of a ‘poison’
Through Karen Parker’s continued
efforts, a sub-commission of the UN Human Rights Commission
determined in 1996 that depleted uranium is a weapon of mass
destruction that should not be used:
RESOLUTION 1996/16 ON STOPPING THE USE OF
DEPLETED URANIUM - DU
The military use of DU
violates current international humanitarian law, including the
principle that there is no unlimited right to choose the means
and methods of warfare (Art. 22 Hague Convention VI (HCIV); Art.
35 of the Additional Protocol to the Geneva (GP1); the ban on
causing unnecessary suffering and superfluous injury (Art. 23
§le HCIV; Art. 35 §2 GP1), indiscriminate warfare (Art. 51 §4c
and 5b GP1) as well as the use of poison or poisoned weapons.
The deployment and use of DU violate the principles of
international environmental and human rights protection. They
contradict the right to life established by the Resolution
1996/16 of the UN Subcommittee on Human Rights.
"Military Men Are
Just Dumb, Stupid,
Animals To Be Used As
Pawns In Foreign Policy"
— Henry Kissinger
Although restricted to battlefields in
Iraq and Kuwait, the 1991 Gulf War was one of the most toxic and
environmentally devastating wars in world history.
Oil well fires, the bombing of oil
tankers and oil wells which released millions of gallons of oil into
the Gulf of Arabia and desert, and the devastation from tanks and
heavy equipment destroyed the desert ecosystem. The long term and
far reaching effects, and dispersal of at least 340 tons of depleted
uranium weapons, had a global environmental effect. Smoke from the
oil fires was later found in deposits in South America, the
Himalayas and Hawaii.
Large annual dust storms originating in
North Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia will quickly spread
the radioactive contamination around the world, and weathering of
old depleted uranium munitions on battlefields and other areas will
provide new sources of radioactive contamination in future years.
Downwind from the radioactive
devastation in Iraq, Israel is also suffering from large increases
in breast cancer, leukemia and childhood diabetes.
RESPECTS NO BORDERS, NO SOCIOECONOMIC CLASS, AND NO RELIGION
The expendability of the sanctity of life to achieve US political
ends was described by US soldiers on the ground, and from the air,
along the Highway of Death in Iraq in 1991:
"Iraqi soldiers [whether they] be
young boys or old men. They were a sad sight, with absolutely no
fight left in them. Their leaders had cut their Achilles’
tendons so they couldn’t run away and then left them. What
weapons they had were in bad repair and little ammunition was on
hand. They were hungry, cold, and scared. The hate I had for any
Iraqi dissipated. These people had no business being on a
(S Hersh, New Yorker, May
American pilots bombing and strafing,
with depleted uranium weapons, helpless retreating Iraqi soldiers
who had already surrendered, exclaimed:
"We toasted him… we hit the jackpot…
a turkey shoot… shooting fish in a barrel… basically just
sitting ducks… There’s just nothing like it. It’s the biggest
Fourth of July show you’ve ever seen, and to see those tanks
just ‘boom’, and more stuff just keeps spewing out of them… they
just become white hot. It’s wonderful."
(LA Times and Washington
Post, both February 27, 1991)
Nearly 700,000 American Gulf War
Veterans returned to the US from a war that lasted just a few weeks.
Today more than 240,000 of those
soldiers are on permanent medical disability, and over 11,000 are
dead. In a US Government study on post-Gulf War babies born to 251
veterans, 67 per cent of the babies were reported to have serious
illnesses or serious birth defects. They were born without eyes,
ears, had missing organs, fused fingers, thyroid or other
Depleted uranium in the semen of the
soldiers internally contaminated their wives. Severe birth defects
have been reported in babies born to contaminated civilians in Iraq,
Yugoslavia, and Afghanistan and the incidence and severity of
defects is increasing over time.
Women in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and
Iraq are afraid now to have babies, and when they do give birth,
instead of asking if it is a girl or a boy, they ask ‘is it
ILLNESSES INFLICTED BY INTERNALIZATION OF DEPLETED URANIUM PARTICLES
Compiled by Leuren Moret from Interviews with
Gulf War Vets and their families
and birth defects
abnormal metabolism of semen: contains
amine & ammonium alkaline
acute autoimmune symptoms
(lung-, liver-, kidney failure)
acute myeloid leukemia
(deadly within days or weeks)
acute immune depression
acute respiratory failure
blood in stools and urine
body function control loss
calcium loss in body
cardiovascular signs or symptoms
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
chronic kidney and liver disorders
chronic myeloid leukemia
chronic respiratory infections
Epstein Barr Syndrome
high blood pressure
high frequency of micturition
immune system deficiency
loss of feeling in fingers
Lou Gehrigs Disease -ALS
low blood oxygen saturation
( low HbO2)
low lung volume
mood swings – violence
petit & grand mal fits
reactive airway disease
shortness of breath
skin damage: sweat glands
with trapped du-particles
smell, loss of
stiffening of fingers
unable to walk
unusual fevers/night sweats
unusual hair loss
bladder & sphincter paralysis
complete range of known and
unknown Congenital Defects
malformations of legs, arms,
toes & fingers
neural tube defects
breast cancer at very young
lung cancer at age 20 and
paralysis of digestive system
acute myeloid leukemia
chronic myeloid leukemia
endometriosis in partners
hip and leg pain
lung cancer at young age
unable to walk
DESERT SHIELD/DESERT STORM website:
Soldiers who served in Bradley fighting
vehicles, where it was common to sit on ammunition boxes where
depleted uranium ammunition was stored, are now reporting that many
have rectal cancer.
For the first time, medical doctors in Yugoslavia and Iraq have
reported multiple in situ unrelated cancers developing in patients,
and even in families who are living in highly contaminated areas.
Even stranger, they report that cancer
was unknown in previous generations. Very rare and unusual cancers
and birth defects have also been reported to be increasing above
normal levels prior to 1991, not only in war torn countries, but in
neighboring countries from transboundary contamination.
Dr. Keith Baverstock, a senior radiation advisor who was on
the staff of the World Health Organization, co-authored a report in
November 2001, warning that the long-term health effects of depleted
uranium would endanger Iraq’s civilian population, and that the dry
climate would increase exposure from the tiny particles blowing
around and be inhaled for years to come.
The WHO refused to give him permission
to publish the study, bowing to pressure from the IAEA. Dr.
Baverstock released the damning report to the media in February
Pekka Haavisto, Chairman of the
UN Environment Program’s Post-Conflict Assessment Unit in Geneva,
shares Baverstock’s anxiety about depleted uranium but UNEP experts
have not been allowed into Iraq to assess the pollution.
Claimed by President
George W. Bush on the official
White House website:
"During the Gulf War, coalition
forces used armor-piercing ammunition made from depleted
uranium, which is ideal for the purpose because of its great
density. In recent years, the Iraqi regime has made substantial
efforts to promote the false claim that the depleted uranium
rounds fired by coalition forces have caused cancers and birth
defects in Iraq. Iraq has distributed horrifying pictures of
children with birth defects and linked them to depleted uranium.
The campaign has two major propaganda assets:"
"Uranium is a name that has frightening associations in the mind
of the average person, which makes the lie relatively easy to
sell; and Iraq could take advantage of an established
international network of antinuclear activists who had already
launched their own campaign against depleted uranium."
"But scientists working for the World Health Organization, the
UN Environmental Program, and the European Union could find no
health effects linked to exposure to depleted uranium."
The US war in Afghanistan made it clear
that this was not a war IN the third world, but a war AGAINST the
In Afghanistan where 800 to 1000 tons of
depleted uranium was estimated to have been used in 2001, even
uneducated Afghanis understand the impact these weapons have had on
their children and on future generations:
"After the Americans destroyed our
village and killed many of us, we also lost our houses and have
nothing to eat. However, we would have endured these miseries
and even accepted them, if the Americans had not sentenced us
all to death.
When I saw my deformed grandson, I
realized that my hopes of the future have vanished for good,
different from the hopelessness of the Russian barbarism, even
though at that time I lost my older son Shafiqullah. This time,
however, I know we are part of the invisible genocide brought on
us by America, a silent death from which I know we will not
(Jooma Khan of Laghman
province, March 2003)
In 1990, the United Kingdom Atomic
Energy Authority (UKAEA) wrote a report warning about the
potential health and environmental catastrophe from the use of
depleted uranium weapons.
The health effects had been known for a
The report sent to the UK government
"in their estimation, if 50 tonnes
of residual DU dust remained ‘in the region’ there could be half
a million extra cancers by the end of the century ."
Estimates of depleted uranium weapons
used in 1991, now range from the Pentagon’s admitted 325 tons, to
other scientific bodies who put the figure as high as 900 tons.
That would make the number of estimated
cancers as high as 9,000,000, depending on the amount used in the
1991 Gulf War. In the 2003 Gulf War, estimates of 2200 tons have
been given - causing about 22,000,000 new cancer cases. Altogether
the total number of cancer patients estimated using the UKAEA data
would be 25,250,000. In July of 1998, the CIA estimated the
population of Iraq to be approximately 24,683,313.
Ironically, the UN Resolution 661 calling for sanctions against
Iraq, was signed on Hiroshima Day, August 6, 1990.
War can really cause no economic
boom, at least not directly, since an increase in wealth
never does result from destruction of goods.
– Ludwig von Mises
The parallels between Iraq, Yugoslavia
and Afghanistan are startlingly similar. The weapons used, the
unfair treaties offered by the US, and the bombing and destruction
of the environment and entire infrastructure. In every city of Iraq
and Yugoslavia, the television and radio stations were bombed.
Educational centers were targeted, and stores where educational
materials were sold were destroyed on nearly the same day. Under UN
sanctions, Iraq was not even allowed pencils for schoolchildren.
Cultural antiquities and historical treasures were targeted and
destroyed in all three countries, a kind of cultural and historical
cleansing, a collective national psychic trauma.
The permanent radioactive contamination and environmental
devastation of all three countries is unprecedented, resulting in
huge increases in cancer and birth defects following the attacks.
These will increase over time from unknown effects due to chronic
exposure, increasing internal levels of radiation from depleted
uranium dust, and permanent genetic effects passed on to future
Clearly, this has been a genocidal plan
from the start.
Map of regions within a 1000
mile radius of Baghdad and Afghanistan which have been
contaminated with depleted uranium since 1991. Depleted
uranium dust will be repeatedly recycled throughout this dry
region, and also carried around the world.
More than ten times the amount
of radiation, released during atmospheric testing, has been
released from depleted uranium weaponry since 1991.
In 2002 the US government
admitted that every person living in the US between 1957 and
1963 was internally contaminated with radiation. Note that
the contaminated region corresponds with the "South" region
on the Eurasian chessboard in Fig. 1.
What has happened to Human Rights, to
the Rights of the Child, to civil society, and to common humanity?
It is up to the citizens of the world to stop the depleted uranium
wars, and future nuclear wars, causing irreversible devastation.
There are just a few generations left before the collapse of our
environment, and then it will be too late.
We can be no healthier than the health
of the environment - we breathe the same air, drink the same water,
eat food from the same soil.
"Our collective gene pool of life,
evolving for hundreds of millions of years has been seriously
damaged in less than the past fifty. The time remaining to
reverse this culture of ‘lemming death’ is on the wane. In the
future, what will you tell our grandchildren about what you did
in the prime of your life to turn around this death process?"
(Rosalie Bertell, 1982)
PURPOSE: G*O*D* [Gold, Oil, and Drugs]
"We must become the owners, or at
any rate the controllers at the source, of at least a proportion
of the oil which we require."
(British Royal Commission,
agreeing with Winston Churchill's policy towards Iraq 1913).
"It is clear our nation is reliant upon big foreign oil. More
and more of our imports come from overseas."
(US President George W.
Bush, Beaverton, Oregon, Sep. 25, 2000).
"If they turn on the radars we're going to blow up their goddamn
SAMs (surface-to-air missiles). They know we own their country.
We own their airspace... We dictate the way they live and talk.
And that's what's great about America right now. It's a good
thing, especially when there's a lot of oil out there we need."
(US Brig. General William
Looney in 1999, referring to Iraq).
Millions of years ago, before India
crashed into the Eurasian continent and uplifted the Himalayas, the
ancient shallow Tethys sea stretched from the Atlantic across what
is now the Mediterranean, Black, Caspian and Aral seas.
Rich oil deposits are now located where
ancient life accumulated and ‘cooked’ under just the right
conditions to form large oil deposits in the ancient sediments. Long
before 1991, Unocal in Afghanistan, Amoco in Yugoslavia, and various
oil companies interested in Iraq oil deposits, had conducted
extensive exploration and characterization of oil deposits in the
Middle East and Central Asian regions, including the northern half
Britain has maintained an interest in Middle Eastern oil deposits
for a century, and has been the staunchest military partner of the
US since the first depleted uranium war in 1991 in Iraq.
Germany, another military partner in
Yugoslavia with forces now in Afghanistan, was one of the major
economic beneficiaries of the breakup of Yugoslavia and the
colonization of the Balkans. US interest in Yugoslavia had much to
do with building pipelines from Central Asia to the Mediterranean
warm water ports in Yugoslavia.
A silent and hidden partnership between
the US and Japan provided large amounts of cash from Japan to
finance the 1991 Iraq and 1995/1999 Yugoslavian wars, with
additional help in Afghanistan by providing not only cash, but fuel
for the war, from Aegis warships of the Japanese Self Defense Forces
in the Indian Ocean.
Nippon Steel, Mitsubishi, and
Halliburton are now partners in a Central Asian oil pipeline
project. In 2004, despite much citizen opposition in Japan, the
Japanese government has sent Self Defense Forces to Iraq for
This action taken by the Japanese
government, of placing troops on the ground in a war zone, will lead
to rescinding Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution, which forever
prohibits military aggression by Japan.
(all under one roof)
MILITARY, BIG BUSINESS, POLITICS
The liberty of a democracy is
not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power
to a point where it becomes stronger than their democratic
State itself. That, in its essence, is Fascism - ownership
of government by an individual, by a group, or any
controlling private power.
- Franklin Delano
But what do oil, military partners,
depleted uranium wars, and US foreign policy have to do with nuclear
The answer came to me in 1991 when I
became a whistleblower at the Livermore Nuclear Weapons Laboratory
near San Francisco, California. Richard Berta, the Western Regional
Inspector for the Department of Energy, told me,
"The Pentagon exists for the oil
companies… and the nuclear weapons labs exist for the Pentagon."
Depleted uranium was used beginning in
1991 for three reasons:
To test the radiobiological
effects of 4th generation nuclear weapons, which are still
To blur and break down the
distinction between conventional and nuclear weapons
To make it easier to reintroduce
nuclear weapons into the US military arsenal
Today, the US is number one in 4th
generation nuclear weapons research and development, followed by
Japan and Germany tied for number two, and Russia and other
Depleted uranium and
4th generation nuclear weapons
Map by Mika TSUTSUMI 12/12/03
Carlyle Group, a private massive
equity firm, the 12th largest defense business with an obscenely
high profit margin, is a business "arrangement" between,
the Bush and Bin Laden families
former British Prime Minister
James Baker III
other former US Government
Madeleine Albright’s daughter
The Carlyle Group is the ‘gatekeeper’ to
the Saudi investment community.
It owns 70 percent of Lockheed Martin
Marietta, the largest military contractor in the US, and because
Carlyle is privately owned, has no scrutiny or accountability
whatsoever. A journalist who calls himself ‘a skunk at the garden
party’ described investigating the Carlyle Group, he said ‘it’s like
shadow boxing with a ghost’.
The Group hires as lobbyists the best
known politicians from around the world, in order to influence the
politics of war, and privately profit from their previous public
The conflict of interest is obvious:
George W. Bush is creating wars
as his father, former President George Bush, is globally
peddling weapons and "protection".
Lockheed Martin Marietta now owns Sandia
Laboratories, a private contractor that makes the trigger for
nuclear weapons, with a Sandia laboratory facility across the street
from Los Alamos and Livermore National Laboratories, where the
nuclear bombs are made.
At the May 2003 University of California Regents meeting which I
attended, Admiral Linton Brooks was present and newly in charge of
the nuclear weapons program under the Department of Energy. Admiral
Brooks informed California Lt. Governor Cruz Bustamante and the UC
Regents that the management contract for the nuclear weapons
laboratories, held unchallenged by the University of California for
over 60 years, will be put up for competitive bid in 2005.
The favored institution, with a faculty
member on the ‘blue ribbon committee’ making the contract award, is
the University of Texas. This privatization and management contract
transfer of the US nuclear weapons program will put control of the
US nuclear weapons program close to the Carlyle Group.
The incestuous relationship between the
US government, private companies, and the Bush and Bin Laden
families in a way answers many of the lingering questions in
everyone’s minds about many of the ill fated decisions and policies
that have been implemented.
But who is Osama bin Laden really?
Let me rephrase that. What is
Osama bin Laden?
He’s America’s family secret. He is the American President’s
dark doppelganger. The savage twin of all that purports to be
beautiful and civilized.
He has been sculpted from the spare
rib of a world laid to waste by America’s foreign policy; its
gunboat diplomacy, its nuclear arsenal, its vulgarly stated
policy of "full spectrum dominance," its chilling disregard for
non-American lives, its barbarous military interventions, its
support for despotic and dictatorial regimes, its merciless
economic agenda that has munched through the economies of poor
countries like a cloud of locusts.
Its marauding multinationals who are
taking over the air we breathe, the ground we stand on, the
water we drink, the thoughts we think.
The Algebra of Infinite Justice