by Gregg D. Thompson
December 29, 2010
Gregg D. Thompson
Author of two science books
Business Manager and Director of 3 companies
Author of science magazine articles
Designer and project manager of special effects
Has a great interest in most sciences
Loves creating innovation in art
Ask yourself, your friends, family and
work associates if they know the answers to the following questions
about Carbon Dioxide (CO2).
Be sure to write your answers before
looking at the following.
Question 1 - What percentage of the atmosphere do you think is CO2?
Question 2 - Have you ever seen the percentage given in any media?
Question 3 - What percentage of the CO2 is man-made?
Question 4 - What percentage of the man-made CO2 does Australia
Question 5 - Is CO2 is a pollutant?
Question 6 - Have you ever seen any evidence that CO2 causes a
I have asked over 100 people these questions.
says they don’t know the answers so ask them to tell you what their
perception is by what they have learnt from the media, the
government and Green groups. Let them know there is no right or
wrong answer as you are just doing a survey as to what people have
perceived the answers to be from these sources.
The answers to these questions are fundamental to evaluating the
global warming scare YET almost no one knows the facts. However,
without this knowledge we can’t make an informed decision about
whether Climate Change is natural or not.
On the following few paragraphs are respondent’s perceptions
followed by the correct answers. The bulk of the respondents (over
100 to date) are educated fairly well to very well.
business managers in a diversity of large and small companies, those
in medical profession, accounting, law, sales, engineering as well
as scientists and trades people.
Q1. What % of the air is CO2?
nearly all were 20% - 40%, the highest was 75%
while the lowest were 10%-2%.
The Correct Answer:
CO2 is less than a mere four 100ths of 1%! As a
decimal it is 0.038%. As a fraction it is 1/27th of 1%.
(Measurements for CO2 vary from one source to another from 0.036%-0.039% due to the difficulty in measuring such a small quantity and
due to changes in wind direction e.g. whether the air flow is from
an industrialized region or a volcanic emission etc.)
just over 78%
Oxygen is just under 21%
Argon is almost 1%
is a minute trace gas at 0.038%
We all learnt the composition of
the air in both primary and high school but because most people
don’t use science in their day to day living, they have forgotten
Also, the vast bulk of the population have
knowledge of science so they find it impossible to make
about even basic scientific issues let alone ones as complex as
climate. This makes it easy for those with agendas to deceive us by
using emotive statements rather than facts.
For a detailed breakup
of the atmosphere go to:
Q2. Have you seen a percentage for CO2 given in the media?
All said ’No’.
Q3. What % of CO2 do humans produce?
ranged from as high as 100% with most
estimating it to be between 75% to 25% and only four said they
thought it was between 10% and 2%.
The Correct Answer:
Nature produces nearly all of it. Humans produce
only 3%. As a decimal it is a miniscule 0.001% of the air. All of
mankind produces only one molecule of CO2 in around every 90,000 air
Yes, that’s all.
Q4. What % of man-made CO2
does Australia produce?
Respondent’s Answers, ranged from
20% to 5%.
The Correct Answer is 1% of the 0.001% of man-made CO2.
As a decimal
it is an insignificant 0.00001% of the air. That’s one,
one-hundredth thousandth of the air. That is what all the fuss is
about! That’s one CO2 molecule from Australia in every 9,000,000
molecules of air.
It has absolutely no affect at all. We have been grossly misled to think there is tens of thousands of
times as much CO2 as there is!
Why has such important information
been withheld from the public?
If the public were aware that
man-made CO2 is so incredibly small there would be very little
belief in a climate disaster so:
The media would not be able to make
a bonanza from years of high sales by selling doomsday stories.
Governments and Green groups would not be able to justify a carbon
tax that will greatly raise the cost of everything.
international banks and the stock market would not make massive
profits out of carbon trading and many in the science community
would not be getting large research grants.
Q5. Is CO2 is a pollutant?
All thought it was a pollutant, at least to
The Correct Answer:
CO2 is a harmless, trace gas. It is as
for life, just as oxygen and nitrogen are. It is a natural gas that
is clear, tasteless and odorless. It is in no way a pollutant.
Calling CO2 a ‘pollutant’ leads many to wrongly think of it as
black, grey or white smoke. Because the media deceitfully show white
or grey ‘smoke’ coming out of power station cooling towers, most
think this is CO2. It is not: it’s just steam (water
condensing in the air. CO2 is invisible: just breathe out and see.
Look at it bubbling out of your soft drinks, beer or sparkling wine.
No one considers that a pollutant - because it’s not. CO2 in its
frozen state is commonly known as dry ice. It is used in camping
eskys, in medical treatments and science experiments. No one
considers that a pollutant either. CO2 is emitted from all plants.
This ‘emission’ is not considered a pollutant even though this alone
is 33 times more than man produces! Huge quantities of CO2 are
dissolved naturally in the ocean and released from the warm surface.
This is not considered a pollutant either.
The two large cooling towers are emitting only steam. A tiny amount
of CO2 is trickling out of the thin chimney at centre.
It is only
barely visible due to a small quantity of smoke particles, most of
which is filtered out nowadays. The media doesn’t like to show
skinny CO2 chimneys emitting nothing visible because this is
unimpressive and not the least bit emotive so it doesn’t make for
So they typically choose to deceive the
public by showing cooling towers.
Q6. Have you seen any evidence that CO2 causes a greenhouse effect?
Most did not know of any definite proof. Some
said they thought the melting of the Arctic and glaciers was
The Correct Answer:
There is no proof at all. The Intergovernmental
Panel for Climate Change (the
IPCC) has never produced any proof.
There are, however the following proofs that it can’t cause a
It is true that CO2 can absorb heat a little faster than nitrogen
and oxygen but it becomes no hotter because it cannot absorb anymore
heat than there is available to the other gases. This is against the
laws of thermodynamics. All gases share their heat with the other
gases. Gas molecules fly around and are constantly colliding with
other gas molecules so they immediately lose any excess heat to
other molecules during these collisions. That’s why the air is all
one temperature in any limited volume.
Even if CO2 levels were many times higher, radiative heating
physics shows that it would make virtually no difference to
temperature because it has a very limited heating ability. With CO2,
the more there is, the less it heats because it quickly becomes
saturated. For a detailed explanation go to:
The following facts show that even high levels of CO2 can make
almost no impact on heating the atmosphere.
Glasshouses with high levels of CO2 - hundreds of times higher
than in the air to make plants grow faster - heat up during the day
to the same temperature as glasshouses with air in them. This is
also true for bottles of pure CO2 compared to ones with air.
The planets Venus and Mars have atmospheres that are almost
entirely CO2 (97%) yet they have no ‘runaway’ greenhouse heating
effect. Their temperatures are stable.
The geological record over hundreds of millions of years has
shown that CO2 has had no affect whatsoever on climate. At times,
CO2 was hundreds of times higher, yet there were ice ages.
In recent times when Earth was considerably warmer during the
Roman Warming and the
Medieval Warming, the higher temperatures then
were totally natural because there was no industrialization back
Water vapor is 4% of the air and that‘s 100 times as much as CO2.
Water vapor absorbs 33 times as much heat as CO2 making CO2’s
contribution insignificant. But like CO2, water vapor also gives
this heat away to air molecules by contact (conduction) and
radiation, thereby making the surrounding air the same temperature.
The Earth’s atmosphere is very thin so its heat is continually
being lost to the absolute coldness of outer space (-270° C). As
there is no ‘ceiling’ to the atmosphere, surface heat cannot be
retained. The Sun renews warmth every day.
Over the last few years Earth has had much colder winters due to
magnetic storms on the Sun.
These four increasingly colder
winters have been particularly noticeable in the northern hemisphere
where most of the land is. Because of this, the Arctic has re-frozen
glaciers that were receding are now surging due to the heavy
snow falls. The Arctic showed some melting around its edges from the
mid 90s to the mid 2000s due to the very high level of solar storm
activity at that time.
But as the Sun is now entering probably 2-4
decades of low solar activity, this is expected to cause global
The climate has always been naturally cyclic and variable due to
numerous natural drivers of which CO2 is not one. Over millions of
years the climate has shown far greater changes in the geological
record than we have seen over the last 200 hundred years - and there
was no industrialization back then.
The very minor variations we
have witnessed over the last 100 years have all occurred several
times even in that short period. Today’s changes in climate are
common and completely natural.
There are now over 50 books that
provide numerous reasons why man-made global warming is false.
The Effect of the Sun on Earth’s climate
It has long been known that the Sun is by far the major driver of
all weather on Earth because it is the source of all heat and
There is absolutely no real-world evidence that the
temperature has continually risen as we were led to believe. The
hottest records in the USA and Greenland were in the 1930s due to a
strong solar cycle. It became cooler from 1940 to 1970. This was due
to a weak solar cycle. It has again become increasingly colder since
2006 due to another weak solar cycle.
The Sun’s magnetic storm
activity has now moved to an extended minimum so the next 2-4
maximums are expected to be much weaker than the last few have been.
By 2011 the solar cycle should have risen half way back to its 11
year maximum but it hasn’t! It’s only just started.
The last time
the Sun acted this way was during the
Dalton Minimum from 1790 to
1830 which produced 40 years of very cold winters with subdued,
wetter summers globally - just as we are expiring now. From 1450
-1750 a more intense Maunder Minimum occurred which caused the
Little Ice Age.
The next 2-4 solar cycles will very likely be
solar activity causing noticeably cooler global temperatures for a
The effect of the current
Solar Minimum is particularly obvious in
the northern hemisphere where increasingly colder winter
temperatures have caused massive snow falls disrupting
transportation across Europe, Asia and the US.
Despite more than a decade of continual doomsday predictions of
increasing temperatures and never-ending drought globally, the
opposite has happened. There have been lower temperatures globally
with greatly increased rain and snows over much of the planet since
This has caused floods across most of Australia and most other
counties, as seen on the TV news. This ended the global 10 year
drought conditions from the mid 90s to the mid 2000s. There has been
no drop in CO2 to cause this: in fact, CO2 has risen.
There is no
correlation between CO2 levels and climate. The reason CO2 levels
have gone up a little is most likely due to the surface of the
oceans warming very slightly during the later half of the century
and therefore releasing a little CO2. (The oceans are currently
cooling very slightly.)
Mankind’s contribution to CO2 is so small
it’s not measurable.
Polls on Climate Change
Polls in western countries now show that believers in man-made
global warming are now in the minority with a sizable percentage of
over 20% who “don’t know” if CO2 is causing any change.
change to a cooler, wetter climate combined with the revelations of
climate fraud shown by
the Climategate emails has led to the change
in public perception.
Polls asking people what is the most important
threat to them out of a list of 20 issues, place global warming at
Popular beliefs are not fact
The bulk of the population of the western world believed that
2000 Bug would destroy much of our technology on New Year’s Eve 2000
yet not one disaster occurred anywhere.
We were told CFCs caused the
Ozone ‘hole’ yet after billions of dollars were spent removing CFCs
over 30 years, the slight depletion of Ozone at the South Pole has
not changed. Scientists now think it is natural.
Popular beliefs are
often based on blind faith, ideology and profit rather than proven
History is littered with popular consensuses
that were wrong.
A Carbon Tax
Taxing CO2 achieves nothing for the environment; in fact, it
deprives real environmental issues from receiving funds.
tax will have a disastrous impact on lower and middle income
earners. Even if drastic measures were imposed equally on all
countries around the world to reduce the total human CO2
contribution by as much as 30%, this would reduce total CO2
insignificant percentage. It would have no affect whatsoever on the
climate but it would totally destroy the economies of every country
and dramatically lower everyone’s living standards.
Most people and
politicians are making decisions emotively, not factually about a
complex science they know virtually nothing about.