from UFOBlogger Website
Professor Claus W. Turter of the University of Applied Sciences Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, Germany has posted complete online documentation on the conversion of Vacuum Energy!:
The principle has been successfully
verified with a measurement of the machine power converted from
This is Tom Valone's amazing video lecture Zero-Point Energy Extraction from the Quantum Vacuum (2004) where he gives a great overview of the various methods to extract free energy directly from the quantum vacuum to power our homes and machines.
Today we face a destabilizing dependency on irreplaceable fossil fuels which are also rapidly dwindling.
A real need exists for a portable source of power that can compete with fossil fuel and its energy density. A further need exists for a fuel-less source of power which, by definition, does not require re-fueling. One possible source could be zero-point energy (ZPE).
A major feasibility study by Valone's Integrity Research Institute placed its emphasis on the practical potential for ZPE energy conversion, especially in view of recent advances in nanotechnology, than in the theory.
With primary reference to the works of Casimir, Pinto, Mead and Milonni, key principles for the proposed extraction of energy for useful work are identified and analyzed. These principles fall into the thermodynamic, fluidic, mechanical, and electromagnetic areas of primary, force-like quantities that apply to all energy systems.
A search of ZPE literature reveals that these principles
also apply to the quantum level
as a free and inexhaustible Source of Energy
May 07, 2009
from Scribd Website
This name does not intend to impart any connotation with “dark” or “miraculous paranormal” forces, but it simply points out, that we cannot see this energy – just like we cannot see anything if it is dark. The name shall also indicate, that we have little knowledge of its nature or origin. In order to avoid misunderstanding, this energy is sometimes referred to as “space energy” or “vacuum energy”, because it is a property of mere space, and thus vacuum. This does not however, indicate the necessity to produce a good vacuum in order to establish this energy.
Things are rather like that: Space
contains this energy, independently whether it contains any visible
matter or not. Another portion of this energy is "quantum mechanical zero point energy" (ZPE
energy), because it is supposed, that it originates from quantum
mechanical zero point oscillations. Though these oscillations are
rather abstract, they are well known within quantum mechanics and
have been so, for several decades.
Without this intellectual barrier it should have been possible to understand the existence of the air within the 8th., 10th. or 12th. century. In reality, mankind needed until 1643, when Evangelista Torricelli came upon the idea, to remove the air from a closed volume to demonstrate, that there are some occurrences, which behave differently in the vacuum than in air.
This was when the intellectual barrier was overcome and time
was ripe for the PR-demonstration by Otto von Guericke, to bring the
existence of the air into the consciousness of everybody. For his
famous experiment with two evacuated hemispheres stuck together with
a force stronger than horses could pull apart, he needed another 14
years to carry out this demonstration in 1657. His experiment
brought the existence of air into the consciousness of everybody.
I used electrostatic and magnetic forces for my
This is mere space; which can now be recognized as a material which transmits the forces of the fundamental interaction, such as gravitation and electromagnetic interaction (maybe also other fundamental interactions of physic).
Even in modern particle physics, where the fundamental interactions are described by the interchange of special particles, those particles have to pass the space – or in other words: Space transmits these particles. The space does this transmission with a finite speed, namely the speed of light. However when we learn this (from the Theory of Relativity) we are already grown up, this means we have already lost our childish inquisitiveness, and so we forget to ask, which material properties of the vacuum are responsible for the transmission of the forces over distance.
As we do not ask this question, we do not have the chance to recognize, that the vacuum is a material. But when I now pose the unusual question, why the vacuum has the characteristic wave impedance of 376.6 Ohm for electromagnetic waves, maybe the childish inquisitiveness awakes not only in me, but also in those who read this article.
For me, this question was the activator to
begin the investigation of the vacuum. And now – when I see the
material properties of the vacuum, I recognize, that its energy is
of great benefit to solve our energy problems.
Today's generally accepted explanation of the speed of this expansion is the following:
For every cubic meter of “empty“ space, a certain amount of energy can be ascribed.
According to Einstein’s mass-energy-equivalence (E=mc2) this energy corresponds to a certain amount of gravitating
mass. This means the vacuum has certain mass and this mass leads to
a certain amount of gravitation force – which should explain the
speed of the expansion of the universe, but in reality it does not
are tremendous. Some scientists speak about tiny fractions of grams,
others speak about many many billions of tons. The discrepancy
sometimes is said to be the largest discrepancy which ever occurred
in physics. Mankind will solve this discrepancy, but I don’t want to
speculate in which century we will do.
Einstein introduced this cosmological constant into his theory, he
did it because of pure mathematical reasons, but he did not see that
it really exists, so he said, it was the largest folly of his life,
to introduce this . But in the meantime mankind learned, that it
really does exist, and that it has a real effect, namely to
influence the speed of the expansion of the universe, and it has a
real reason, namely the energy of the space. Thus today the
cosmological constant is taken serious.
We will, for sure, not be able to pump out the universe
in a way that anybody would notice. This would be like drinking a
mouthful of water from the ocean – nobody will see that the ocean
will contain less water after drinking.
This is not, what
co-generation power stations do, neither nuclear power stations, not
even fusion. All of them leave garbage on the earth, and all of them
will end, as soon as the required material is exhausted. ZPE vacuum
energy does not have this problem in principle.
Alternative solutions to our energy-problem could
be for example wind power stations, solar power, the use of
geothermal energy, just to mention some possibilities. They all are
sustainable. They are fine, as long their difficulties do not
disturb. For instance tidal power stations are not possible
everywhere, wind power stations depend on weather.
The principle of the ZPE-energy conversion is rather simple and
energy should be much less expensive then today when using ZPE-energy.
This means that we can have much more energy, for a given amount of
money, than we can have with conventional technologies.
Theory of the conversion of ZPE-space-energy into classical energy
In the upper part of the drawing we see a disc (red), which we want to call “field source”, because it produces an electric field. Underneath there is a rotor (blue) which rotates around a vertical axis, as soon as electric field (produces by the field source) is strong enough.
Sketch of the principle of an engine converting ZPE-spaceenergy into classical mechanical energy.
The red field source is charged up electrically, the blue rotor is connected to ground.
By this means an electric field is produced, which drives
This looks rather simple and it works as simply as it looks.
This takes a very small amount of electrical energy, just to charge up the capacitor sufficiently. As soon as this is done, the rotor will endlessly rotate. The mechanical energy produced in the experiments carried out up to now are just even enough to surmount the friction of the bearings, so that the rotation can really be seen. This means that the rotation was really observed.
This is not a very
complicated apparatus. In the experiments conducted up to now, I
have built rotors from one to eighteen inches diameter.
This will not only minimize energy losses during energy transportation, but it furthermore allows to set up ZPE-space-energy rotors without compromising the landscape. A power station is not the very best adornment of the landscape. ZPE-space-energy rotors could be placed below the cellar of houses. A rotor of 10 Meters of diameter below a family home can be estimated to produce an engine power of about 10 ... 20 ... 30 Kilowatts.
And because this power production is permanent, 24 hours a day and 365 days a year, the power is much more than the house needs. By this means, it might be possible, to accommodate a large power supply below houses and buildings, not disturbing anybody at all. Industry with large power consumption could have a building dedicated for power supply.
Dimensions of ZPE-space-energy rotors are free scalable.
Let us now have a short glance to the theory behind the ZPE-space-energy rotor:
The logical next step of course is the idea, that we now want to extract some energy out of this permanent energy cycle inside space.
One possible way to get this energy is to use a ZPEspace-energy rotor. I do not want to say, that this will remain the only possible way forever, but up to now, I do not know any other way.
So we want to look at what the ZPE-spaceenergy rotor does: The rotor-blades consist of metallic surfaces. Metallic surfaces shield electric fields, in the following way: If there is an electric field going from one side onto the surface of the metallic surface, the field will not pass, so there will not be any part of this field on the other side of the metallic surface.
From the point of view of the
field-energy this means: From one side, the energy reaches the
surface, but this energy never arrives at the other side of the
metallic surface. If you believe in energy-conservation ( I do), the
metallic surface is the device taking up the energy which is
transported by the field. This is a logic consequence, because there
is no other pathway for the energy to go. This is the way in which
metallic surfaces intervene into the energy-cycle between the
electric charge and the space. Thus we understand how the ZPE-space-energy
rotor is driven:
This electric field energy propagates into space, but while it propagates meter by meter, part of it is re-converted into space energy. If this propagation is interrupted by a metallic rotor-blade, the metallic surface takes the complete remainder of the field energy, namely this field energy which was not absorbed by the space on its way from the field source to the rotor.
How do we notice the absorption of energy in the metallic surface?
The answer is very direct:
This force can be calculated by Maxwell’s Electrodynamics with the use of the so called image-charge-method.
This is a well-established method of calculation. Thus the result of this calculation is not surprising. By the way, it should be reminded, that most of us know these electrostatic forces acting on surfaces, from childhood, where our parents demonstrated that an electrically charged plastic ruler or an air balloon attracts small paper-confetti.
The reason is clear
now: The field cannot pass the surface of the paper, and thus the
paper is attracted.
rotated, but it does not alter its distance. This means that the
driving energy is not simply the energy from the electrostatic
potential, because the rotor does not alter its position within this
potential. By the way: If the electric field is not very homogeneous
and there is some gradient in the potential, this will disturb the
Thus nobody tried. In 2008 time was ripe to understand the ZPE-space-energy as a source of rotation, so the rotor could be discovered.
Consequently several ZPE-space-energy
rotors have been built, mounted underneath a field source of
appropriate diameter – and they rotated as soon as a sufficient
amount of electrical charge was brought onto the surface of the
field source. Well, some experimental parameters had to be adjusted
in an appropriate way. I described how to do this within several
Such a mechanism has been
known for many decades (two patents by Biefeld and Brown in 1928 and
in 1965), and it works completely on the basis of classical
electrical energy without any connection to ZPE-space-energy.
It was performed in the
vacuum and it was successful. The ZPE-space-energy rotor works in
the vacuum. Since I published this, the doubtful colleagues became
So the critical questions of some colleagues had justification. But the main result of the vacuum-experiment, performed with different rotors of different shape, using different vacuum chambers, is: The ZPE-space-energy rotor rotates inside space without visible matter.
On the one hand this confirms the conversion of ZPE-space-energy
into classical mechanical energy, but on the other hand, there is a
further aspect: A large-scale technical application shall be done
inside a vacuum chamber (or in the universe) in order to be
profitable. This is necessary to avoid isolation losses due to the
movement of ions, which transport electric charge between the field
source and the rotor-blades.
The analogy of a metallic surface shielding the electric field is a superconducting surface shielding the magnetic field, because superconductors act as ideal diamagnets. Similar as metallic surfaces interrupt electric fields, diamagnetic surfaces interrupt magnetic fields. But there is one important difference between the electric forces and the magnetic forces: The electric forces are attractive, but the magnetic forces are repulsive.
From the theory point of view, this would cause the magnetic ZPE-rotor to rotate in the other direction than the electric ZPE-rotor. But in the real experiment, this difference causes several technical difficulties with the bearing of the axis of the superconducting rotor. These technical difficulties are the reason, why the verification experiment of the magnetic ZPE-rotor is not yet ready.
One of the technical difficulties is the extreme homogeneity of the magnetic field necessary for the rotation of the magnetic ZPE-rotor, which is much more difficult than minor requirements to the homogeneity of the electric field for the electric ZPE-rotor. Nevertheless the magnetic rotor is an interesting alternative because of its energy density.
The field strength within an electric ZPE-rotor is
restricted by the breakthrough of the electric field, but the
magnetic field does not experience such a restriction of
breakthrough, and therefore a restriction of energy density.
Now the time is ripe to begin a large-scale development to establish
electric ZPE-rotors converting machine power of Kilowatts and
Skeptics have been united in one argument, which has a clear logic: All doubts could be certainly removed if it would be possible to optimize the isolation to the extent, that the electric power loss due to imperfections of the isolation, [which is necessary to keep the electric field of the field-source constant], would be smaller than the mechanical engine power, which the rotor produces.
In other words: The mechanical engine power output of the machine has to be larger than the electrical power input. This argument is based on fundamental logic and is impossible to disprove. I accepted the argument and provided the requested proof: I built a rotor and did the power measurement, finding a 2.9 Nanowatt loss of electrical power input (being due to isolation losses), but the mechanical power output was 150 Nanowatt.
The power was not very large, because this was only an experiment of fundamental physics (I did not have the money to build a rotor producing more power), but the point is that doubts, from counter-arguments are now removed by principle. The construction of large-scale ZPE-energy-rotors with large power is not a fundamental problem. I wrote several scientific publications with detailed explanation as to how to build such large-scale ZPE-energy-rotors.
The consequence is encouraging: The suitability of the ZPE-energy-rotor
for the conversion of ZPE-energy into mechanical energy is proven
and since I did this energy measurement, I did not hear any further
doubts from any colleagues.
This means that light propagates in space with a field slower than in space without field. The speed of light in a vacuum as used in the Theory of Relativity is valid for a vacuum without field. If Heisenberg’s conception is applied to the electromagnetic zero-point-oscillations of the vacuum, it is possible, to find out the speed of propagation of electrostatic and of magnetic fields in a space being influenced already by an electric and/or magnetic field.
If this consideration is put into a calculation (into theory of renormalization and into Feynman’s calculus), it is possible to find out the energy density of zero-point-oscillations of the electromagnetic waves of the vacuum.
The value is surprisingly large, namely of about 1029 Joule per cubic meter, this 30,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 kilowatt hour in each single cubic meter of space.
Although it is only possible to get a rather small part of this energy (as can be seen from Lagrangeian according to Werner Heisenberg anno 1935), it makes plausible, why the universe consists mainly of (ZPE-)space-energy. Maybe one lucky day, one intelligent colleague will be able to enhance the energy density and the power density of the real working ZPE-space-energy rotor.
First of all, we see, that the energy within the universe is for sure enough, that mankind will never be able to pump it out.
This awesome energy source can be used by everyone, when researchers
working in collaboration, can develop and then apply the technology.