by Richard Harty
May 2, 2009
from WhatIsSpiritual Website
It is a story of the evolution of religious belief , beginning in Egypt, that continues today.
D.M. Murdock (Acharya S) begins this story in the introduction to the book.
She describes the nature of how this story is told. The Jesus myth is not simply a previous tale of Horus with the name Jesus plugged in where one would read Horus. In fact there is not a single narrative of Horus that we could cite to plug Jesus into. Understanding this story requires an understanding of many different influences.
In many ways this book
reads like a detective novel.
There is evidence that the Egyptians were essentially monotheists and saw the various gods as simply one aspect of the great unknown creator god. They would have no problem combining different gods and their characteristics since they would see these as combining parts of a single great and mysterious god. This is expressed in hieroglyphs which picture a human body and the heads of two different gods on one single body.
An example of this is a Horus-Seth
united in a single being from
the Amduat. Pagans in general had no
problem including the gods of other nations and cultures to perfect
their god myths. Egyptian influence on Greek, Roman, Persian,
Hebrew, and other ancient beliefs is pervasive as you will see when
you read this book.
Since we have many more versions of Christianity today than we did even 100 years ago, it would be difficult to pin down even one official version of Christianity to refute syncretism. And these various versions do disagree on what many consider to be essential doctrines. These doctrines include the nature of Jesus, the method of salvation, method of baptism, authority of the Bible, authority of the Pope, day of worship, and many others.
This was as true in the 1st century as
it is today.
Lets look briefly at some of the claims of Christian uniqueness.
The virgin birth of the Christ (Anointed) child is central to the claim of Divine origin for Jesus.
It has been presented as a unique feature of the Christian religion and the implication is that when it does occur in pagan systems of belief it is a late, post Christian, addition. D.M. Murdock provides extensive documentation of not only the virgin birth being a characteristic of Horus, but his mother Isis is a prototype of the virgin Mary.
Early Christian imagery of Jesus and Mary is clearly a copy of the Horus/Isis virgin mother with child. The name Mary means beloved and is commonly merged with the name Isis in the form of Meri or Isis-Meri or Isis the beloved.
Virginity has a number of reasons for its inclusion in these god myths. Later reasoning emphasized the need for purity and in the case of Jesus, virginity was proof that Jesus did not come from a human source.
One reason that it is so difficult to find other examples of virgin birth within the literature is because the term parthenogenesis is used for virgin (partheno) birth (genesis).
This has been done to hide the fact that it is difficult to find any great leader or god in the ancient world that wasn't the product of virgin birth and is far from unique.
The word in Greek παρθένος parthenos
means virgin and is the prominent root of the Greek temple to the
goddess Athena called the Parthenon. This structure was predictably
converted to a Christian church dedicated to the Virgin Mary in the
Isis, being the Goddess creator and origin of all life, would have to birth the universe as a virgin.
This would make sense to the ancients who would observe that life emerged from the female gender in most species of life. So early creator gods were Goddesses and Earth itself was called Mother Earth. More specifically, Isis births the sun as baby Horus on Dec 25. In the inscription over her temple at Sais you read "The fruit I have begotten is the sun."
And with Isis, her virginity was self renewed to the point that she could be a perpetual virgin.
After being born in the form of a helpless child the Sun continued to age and take different forms throughout the year until it would be born again on Dec. 25, the winter solstice.
This was the turning point where the daylight hours would begin to get longer. What is interesting is that John the Baptist, Jesus' cousin and preparer of the way, was born exactly 6 months, at the summer solstice, before Jesus. The Christian celebration of St. John occurs at this time in which the daylight hours are the longest and would represent the beginning of the stage of the sun in which its hours would be getting shorter.
It is interesting to note in John 3:30 (the most gnostic gospel) it states that,
D.M. Murdock continues to show how Sun worship was an essential part of the syncretic mixture of religious myth which created Christianity.
And she clearly establishes that Dec. 25 and the celebrations around the birth of the new sun existed thousands of years before Christianity and were unmistakable features of the 1st century consciousness.
This was such a problem that early church fathers had to address accusations that Christians were not Sun worshippers.
This is understandable considering all the solar and astronomical references to Jesus as the light of the world, the bright and morning star, the victory of light over darkness, and others in the New Testament.
Cyprian also writes,
Christ in Egypt page 112-113 Clement of
Alexandria calls Christ the "Sun of the Resurrection"
Augustine (354-430 AD/CE) had to refute
the same charges even later in Tractates on the Gospel of John.
Macrobius writes in Saturnalia (1:18:10),
In the case of Epiphanius the passages describing this celebration in Alexandria are deleted in the Migne edition which presents a case of deliberate and egregious censorship.
This is because it describes an infant child brought forth as born of a virgin from the lower depths of the shrine of Core, which means virgin. This wooden image of the child sun is carried on a litter and has the sign of the cross inlaid with gold on each hand, both knees, and on the forehead.
Gregory Nazianzen (329-389) describes the Greek form of this celebration in which is heard the festal shout,
This is just the tip of the iceberg.
D.M. Murdock has much more information, with references, on the Egyptian origins of Satan, the resurrection, the star in the east, the three kings, the 12 followers, the miracles, the crucifixion, Proto-Christianity formed in Alexandria, and many others.
This book will take a while to get through, and opens up so many more questions and avenues to explore than I ever thought possible. With this book, it is going to be far more difficult to deny the pagan origins of Christianity.
It is going to be far more difficult to
claim that Christianity is "The Truth."
These Bible sayings and stories are an integral part of the Western mind.
Having the freedom to look at these stories as myths places them within our consciousness in a way that allows them to speak out from under the subconscious threats of death and condemnation.
No longer does fundamental Christianity have a hold on these truths that are rather lifeless and frightening when applied in reference to beliefs in an eternal hell and the obsessive need to have Jesus become everyone's "personal savior."
D.M. Murdock obviously put a lot of work and research into this book.
It is well worth reading and reveals insights into what is the true origin of Christianity. This information should have been available to the general public long ago. It is understandable why this hasn't been presented before because for many centuries any criticism of the "truth" of Christianity would be met by death, loss of the ability to make an income, and other social pressures.
I have also learned to appreciate the finer points of the Egyptian religion. It is no longer this dark and scary entry into the land of mummies and monsters born of curses and superstition.
It is a very sophisticated philosophy of light and darkness, good and evil, and the purification of the soul.