by Tony Bushby
Extracted from the introduction and
chapters 1 and 2 of his book The Bible Fraud
Extracted from Nexus Magazine,
Volume 9, Number 1 (December-January
been passed down in the New Testament is not a true
account of the life history of Jesus Christ or the
origin of the Christian religion.
Part 1 of 3
STORIES IN THE GOSPELS
Jesus Christ has captured the imagination of millions of people
around the world for almost 2,000 years. Few people know that he
represents something far different, and the following chapters
unravel an entirely new story about the circumstances surrounding
the birth and emergence of the Christian religion.
In order to cover this ground, it is necessary to consider the New
Testament stories from a different perspective. By stripping away
their supernatural elements, the earliest Church writings relay a
confused skeletal outline of the lives of two separate men. This
work unravels those stories and shows how the New Testament came
into being and what it really is. Until now, this aspect of the
Gospel story has never been fully developed; and by coordinating new
information with surviving records, a reconstruction of the probable
course of events that resulted in Christianity today is presented.
WHAT WAS THE
CHURCH TRYING TO HIDE?
In 1415, the
Church of Rome took an extraordinary step to destroy
all knowledge of two second-century Jewish books that it said
contained "the true name of Jesus Christ". The antipope
XIII firstly singled out for condemnation a secret Latin treatise
called Mar Yesu, and then issued instructions to destroy all copies
of the Book of Elxai. No editions of these writings now publicly
exist, but Church archives recorded that they were once in popular
circulation and known to the early presbyters.
Knowledge of these writings survived
from quotations made by Bishop Hippolytus of Rome (176-236) and
St Epiphanius of Salamis (315-403), along with references in some early
editions of the Talmud of Palestine and of Babylonia. The Rabbinic
fraternity once held the destroyed manuscripts with great reverence,
for they were comprehensive original records reporting "the life of
Later, in a similar manner, Pope Alexander VI (1492-1503) ordered
all copies of the Talmud destroyed. The Council of the Inquisition
required as many Jewish writings as possible to be burned, with the
Spanish Grand Inquisitor Tomas de Torquemada (1420-98) responsible
for the elimination of 6,000 volumes at Salamanca. In 1550, Cardinal Caraffa, the Inquisitor-General, procured a Bull from the Pope,
repealing all previous permission for priests to read the Talmud
which he said contained "hostile stories about Jesus Christ".
Bursting forth with fury at the head of
his minions, he seized every copy he could find in Rome and burned
them. Solomon Romano (1554) also burned many thousands of Hebrew
scrolls, and in 1559 every Hebrew book in the city of Prague was
The mass destruction of Jewish books
included hundreds of copies of the Old Testament and caused the
irretrievable loss of many original handwritten documents. The
oldest text of the Old Testament that survived, before the discovery
of the Dead Sea Scrolls, was said to be the Bodleian Codex (Oxford),
which was dated to circa 1100. In an attempt by the Church to remove
damaging Rabbinic information about Jesus Christ from the face of
the Earth, the Inquisition burned 12,000 volumes of the Talmud.
However, many copies survived and today provide opposing traditions
about the person called Jesus Christ.
In the mass destruction of Jewish writings, the Church overlooked
two particular British documents that also recorded "the true name
of Jesus Christ". They survive to this day in the British Museum,
and are called the Chronicles and the Myvyean Manuscript
ancient documents with a very early origin. Supporting evidence was
also found on early first-century gold, silver and bronze coins
discovered at the site of an ancient mint at Camulodunum
(Colchester) in Britain.
"Thus the testimony of the Briton
coins establishes clearly and positively the historicity of the
traditional ancient ’Chronicles’ as authentic historical records."1
The evidence is compelling, and additional supporting clues are
found on a mysterious headstone in Germany, in Vatican art treasures
and in a series of coded sentences in the Shakespearean plays.
Further concealed information was left in the form of specially
created statues commissioned by a Catholic priest and positioned in
a small hilltop church in southern France. Coded ciphers were also
secreted into the first English-language printings of the Bible, and
a combination of all clues provides interlocking information and
presents a new insight into the origin of Christianity.
in the New Testament
It was the "wisest fool in Christendom"2
who "authorized" the translation and publication of the first
Protestant version of the Bible in English. He came to the English
throne in 1603 and quickly became unpopular because of "his
disgusting personal habits and his unsavoury character".3
He pretended to be a scholar in theology and philosophy, but his
learning was shallow and superficial. He wallowed in filth, moral
and physical, but was endowed with a share of cunning that his
associates called "a kind of crooked wisdom".4
For his new edition of the Bible, King James I issued a set of
personal "Rules" the translators were to follow and ordered
revisions to proceed, although he never contributed a farthing to
its cost. Work began early in 1607 and took a committee of 47 men
(some records say 54, others say 50) two years and nine months to
rewrite the Bible and make it ready for the press. Each man received
30 shillings per week for his contribution.
Upon its completion in 1609, a remarkable event occurred. The
translators handed over the reviser’s manuscripts of what is now
called the King James Bible to the King for his final personal
"It was self-evident that James was
not competent to check their work and edit it, so he passed the
manuscripts on to the greatest genius of all time...
Sir Francis Bacon."5
Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) was a man
of many talents, a lawyer, linguist and composer. He mastered every
subject he undertook: mathematics, geometry, music, poetry,
painting, astronomy, classical drama and poetry, philosophy,
history, theology and architecture. He was a man of many aims and
purposes, the father of modern science, remodeller of modern law,
patron of modern democracy and possibly the reviver of Freemasonry.
His life and works are extensively
documented and his intellectual accomplishments widely recognized,
particularly in academic circles. At the age of sixteen, he was sent
to Paris "direct from the Queen’s Hand" and there studied Egyptian,
Arabian, Indian and Greek philosophy, with particular attention
given to the ancient mysteries and their ritual rites. He personally
recorded that while in Paris he created a secret cipher system that
could be inserted into a document without arousing suspicion.
While living in Europe, Francis Bacon was initiated into the
mysterious Order of the Knights Templar and learned a very special
secret. Before he returned to London, he travelled through France,
Italy, Germany and Spain, and at the age of twenty he completely
devoted himself to the study of law. From his understanding of the
secret information he had learned during his initiation into the
Knights Templar, he conceived the idea of reactivating various
secret societies and in 1580 founded the secret Rosicrosse Literary
Society in Gray’s Inn. Later in the same year, he founded the Lodge
of Free and Accepted or Speculative Masons, also at Gray’s Inn.
On 25 June 1607, Sir Francis Bacon was appointed Solicitor-General
and Chief Adviser to the Crown. He had presented new ideas to the
government for the reformation of the Church and was officially
instructed to commence restructuring the Bible. Research in the
Records Office of the British Museum revealed that original
documents still exist which refer to important proceedings
associated with Sir Francis Bacon’s involvement with the editing of
both the Old and New Testaments.
They reveal that he personally selected
and paid the revisers of the New Testament, who completed their task
under the instructions of Bacon’s long-time friend, Dr Andrews. The
first English-language manuscripts of the Bible remained in Bacon’s
possession for nearly a year. During that time:
...he hammered the various styles of
the translators into the unity, rhythm, and music of
Shakespearean prose, wrote the Prefaces and created the whole
scheme of the Authorized Version.6
He also encoded secret information into
both the Old and New Testaments. An ancient document recorded that
the true history of early Christianity was known to the initiates of
the Order of the Knights Templar, having originally been:
...imparted to Hugh de Payens by the
Grand-Pontiff of the Order of the Temple (of the Nazarene sect),
one named Theocletes, after which it was learned by some Knights
Regarding the months of editing work
applied to the Bible by Bacon, his biographer, William T. Smedley,
confirmed the extent of the editing:
It will eventually be proved that
the whole structure of the Authorized Bible was Francis Bacon’s.
He was an ardent student not only of the Bible, but also of
early manuscripts. St Augustine, St Jerome, and writers of
theological works were studied by him with industry.8
At the completion of the editing, Sir
Francis Bacon and King James I had a series of meetings to
editorial matters associated with the new Bible. It was at this time
that King James ordered a "Dedication to the King" to be drawn up
and included in the opening pages. He also wanted the phrase
"Appointed to be read in the Churches" to appear on the title page.
This was an announcement clarifying that King James had personally
given the Church [of England] "special command" for this particular
version of the Bible to be used in preference to the vast array of
Greek and Latin Vulgate Bibles current at the time.
His reason was personal, as King James
had previously instructed the revisers to "defend the position of
the King" in their restructuring of the texts. This was seen as an
attempt to distance the Protestant Bible from the Catholic version.
The Protestant versions of the Bible are thinner by seven books than
the Catholic version and the variant churches have never agreed on a
uniform Bible. In their translation of 1 Peter 2:13, the revisers
changed the phrase "the emperor, as supreme" to "the king, as
Because King James’s Bible was written
to support the authority of a king, the later Church often referred
to it as the one from "authority", and it later came to be presented
as if officially "authorized". In subsequent revisions, the word
"authorized" found its way onto the title page and later still came
to be printed on the cover, giving King James’s new Bible a false
sense of authenticity.
The King James Bible is considered by many today to be the
"original" Bible and therefore "genuine", and all later revisions
simply counterfeits forged by "higher critics". Others think the
King James Bible is "authentic" and "authorized" and presents the
original words of the authors as translated into English from the
"original" Greek text.
However, the "original" Greek text was
not written until around the mid-fourth century and was a revised
edition of writings compiled decades earlier in Aramaic and Hebrew.
Those earlier documents no longer exist,9
and the Bibles we have today are five linguistic removes from the
first Bibles written. What was written in the "original originals"
is quite unknown. It is important to remember that the words "authorized"
and "original", as applied to the Bible, do not mean "genuine",
"authentic" or "true"...
WERE THE PARENTS OF Jesus CHRIST?
In the opening sentence of a New Testament parable, Jesus stated:
A man of noble birth was on a long
journey abroad, to have himself appointed king, and return.
Herein lies part of a profound Gospel
truth revealing the substance of historical information that the
Church has strived for 2,000 years to conceal. This tale of long-ago
misconceptions and mistaken identities must be clarified so that the
original story may be seen to rest upon a true and sure foundation.
For this purpose, we begin with the examination of Church writings
purporting to record the birth of Jesus Christ.
The Gospels of Matthew and Luke state that Jesus Christ was the
first-born of Mary and Joseph and that he had four younger brothers
and at least two sisters (Mark 6:3). Roman Catholics are obliged to
hold the opinion that the brothers and sisters of Jesus Christ were
the children of Joseph by a former marriage. This conclusion
originally stemmed from the Gospel of James (the Protevanglium)
which refers to the age of Joseph at the birth of Jesus.
However, it is clearly recorded that
Joseph had sexual relations with Mary after the birth of Jesus. The
statement in the Gospel of Matthew that Joseph "knew her not until
she had born a son" (Matt. 1:25) eliminated the Church’s claim that
Mary was a perpetual virgin. From the statements in the Gospels of
Mark and Matthew, it is clear that the brothers and sisters of Jesus
were subsequent children of Mary in the fullest sense.
Joseph returned to Galilee with the intention of marrying Mary. The
Gospels according to Matthew and Luke clearly explain that they were
"betrothed" before Joseph’s departure. This was the equivalent of
being "engaged" in modern-day terminology. However, upon his return
some months later, it was plainly apparent that Mary "was with
child" (Luke 2:5) and it "could not be hid from Joseph".
The Gospel of Matthew elaborated
extensively upon the feelings of Joseph when he saw the violated
condition of his bride-to-be. He was uneasy, and being unwilling to
defame her he privately discussed ending their engagement (Matt.
1:19). From the description in the Gospels, it is clear that Joseph
was not the biological father of Mary’s child. So, who was?
of the Rabbis
The Jewish records of the Rabbis are of extreme importance in
determining Gospel origins and the value of the Church presentation
of the virgin birth story of Jesus Christ. A common appellation for
Jesus in the Talmud is Yeshu’a ben Panthera, an allusion to the
widespread Jewish belief during the earliest centuries of the
Christian era that Jesus was the result of an illegitimate union
between his mother and a Roman soldier named Tiberius Julius Abdes
The Talmud enshrines within its pages Jewish oral law. It is divided
into two parts, the Mishna and the Gemara. The first discusses such
subjects as festivals and sacred things. The Gemara is basically a
commentary on these subjects. When the Talmud was written is not
known. Some authorities suggest a date of 150-160, around the same
time the Christian Gospels began to emerge, while others say 450.
The Talmud writers mention Jesus’ name 20 times and quite
specifically documents that he was born an illegitimate son of a
Roman soldier called Panthera, nicknamed "the Panther". Panthera’s
existence was confirmed by the discovery of a mysterious tombstone
at Bingerbrück in Germany. The engraving etched in the headstone
Tiberius Julius Abdes Panthera, an archer, native of Sidon,
Phoenicia, who in 9 AD was transferred to service in Rhineland
This inscription adds fuel to the theory that Jesus
illegitimate son of Mary and the soldier Panthera. Classical scholar
Professor Morton Smith of Columbia University, USA, describes the
tombstone as possibly "our only genuine relic of the holy family".11
In many Jewish references, Jesus is often referred to as "ben
Panthera", ben meaning "son of". However cautious one ought to be in
accepting anything about Jesus from Jewish sources, in the matter of
Jesus ben Panthera the writers seem more consistent than the men we
now call the Church fathers.
Scholars over the centuries have discussed at length why Jesus was
so regularly called ben Panthera. Adamantius Origen, an early
Christian historian and Church father (185-251), recorded the
following verses about Mary from the research records of a highly
regarded second-century historian and author named Celsus (c. 178):
Mary was turned out by her husband,
a carpenter by profession, after she had been convicted of
unfaithfulness. Cut off by her spouse, she gave birth to Jesus,
a bastard; that Jesus, on account of his poverty, was hired out
to go to Egypt; that while there he acquired certain (magical)
powers which Egyptians pride themselves on possessing.12
Later, in passage 1:32, Origen supports
the Jewish records and confirms that the paramour of the mother of
Jesus was a Roman soldier called Panthera, a name he repeats in
verse 1:69. Some time during the 17th century, those sentences were
erased from the oldest Vatican manuscripts and other codices under
The traditional Church writings of St Epiphanius, the Bishop of
Salamis (315-403), again confirm the ben Panthera story, and his
information is of a startling nature. This champion of Christian
orthodoxy and saint of Roman Catholicism states:
Jesus was the son of a certain
Julius whose surname was Panthera.14
This is an extraordinary declaration, simply recorded in ancient
records as accepted Church history. The ben Panthera legend was so
widespread that two early stalwarts of the Christian Church inserted
the name in the genealogies of Jesus and Mary as a matter of fact.
Enlarging on that statement, this passage from the Talmud:
Rabbi Shiemon ben Azzai has said: I found in Jerusalem a book of
genealogies; therein was written that Such-an-one [Jesus] is the
bastard son of an adulteress.15
"Such-an-one" was one of the well-known substitutes for Jesus in the
Talmud, as has been proved and admitted on either side. Shiemon ben
Azzai flourished at the end of the first century and beginning of
the second. He was one of four famous Rabbis who, according to
Talmudic tradition, "entered Paradise". He was a Chassid (the pious
Jews of Palestine), most probably an Essene, and remained a celibate
and rigid ascetic until his death.
The story of Mary’s pregnancy by a Roman soldier also appears in the
sacred book of the Moslems, the Koran. It states that "a full-grown
man" forced his attentions on Mary, and in her fear of the disgrace
that would follow she left the area and bore Jesus in secret. This
story was supported in the Gospel of Luke, with the description of
the departure of Joseph and Mary from their home prior to the birth.
Rape was a common event in Palestine
during the Roman occupation, and soldiers were notorious for their
treatment of young women. It would be unthinkable for Mary to admit
such an event had occurred, for under the Law of Moses a betrothed
virgin who had sex with any man during the period of her betrothal
was to be stoned to death by the men of the city (Deut. 22:21).
Simply put, Mary faced the death penalty unless she could prove her
There is another, lesser-known name Jesus was called during those
early years, and that is "Yeshu’a ben Stada" (son of Stada). This
name is recorded in the records of the Sanhedrin and also in the
What can also be found in the Gemara, and has embarrassed Christian
authorities for centuries, is this:
Ben Stada was ben Panthera, Rabbi Chisda said; the husband was Stada,
the lover Panthera. Another said the husband was Paphos ben Jehuda;
Stada was his mother... and she was unfaithful to her husband.17
These apparently contradictory assertions can be ironed out when
read in context. In summary, Stada was Yeshu’a (Jesus) ben
The Gemara goes on to record that Yeshu’a ben Panthera "was hanged
on the day before the Passover". That is to say, apparently, that
after the stoning, ben Panthera’s body was hung or exposed on a
vertical stake. Crucifixion was an unused mode of execution amongst
the Jews, who favoured stoning as the main form of capital
punishment. To shorten the cruelty of death by stoning, the victim
was first rendered unconscious by a soporific drink, and
subsequently the stoned body was exposed on a vertical stake as a
warning to others.
of the Safed Scroll
The name "ben Stada", given to Jesus in the Talmud, was found to be
paralleled in the ancient Mehgheehlla Scroll, which was discovered
by Russian physician D. B. de Waltoff near Lake Tiberius in 1882 and
is now called simply "the Safed Scroll".
In this old text, there were two brothers called Yeshai and
Judas ben Halachmee who were the illegitimate twin sons born of a
fifteen-year-old girl called Stadea. The closeness of the name "Stada"
in the Talmud to the "Stadea" in the Safed Scroll is extraordinary,
and the slight difference in spelling can be explained by variations
in translations. The interesting point here is that the name "ben
Halachmee" was the name of Stadea’s later husband, not the
biological father of her sons. Unfortunately, no mention is made of
the real father’s name, but ben Halachmee was the name given to
Stadea’s illegitimate twin boys.
According to the Safed Scroll, Yeshai and his brother
Halachmee were taken in, raised and educated by the religious order
of Essene monks. The Essenes were a perennial Jewish colony that
particularly flourished in Judea for some centuries previous to the
time ascribed to the New Testament stories. Subsequently, one of the
boys became a student of Rabbi Hillel’s school of philosophy and the
other became the leader of the Essenes. An older Essene named Joseph
was assigned as Yeshai’s "religious father" and guardian.
The Safed Scroll suggests that, eventually, Yeshai ben Halachmee’s
outspoken religious views angered the Jewish priests. He was tried
by a Roman court on a charge of inciting the people to rebel against
the Roman Government. He was found guilty and sentenced to death,
but escaped, left the area and travelled to India.
The Mehgheehlla Scroll mirrors aspects of the hidden story in the
Gospels and provides external evidence that the conclusion reached
in this volume was known in ancient tradition.
Who was Stada/Stadea?
One of the most popular aspects of etymology is the history of
names--those words or phrases which uniquely identify persons,
animals, places, concepts or things. The earlier forms of a name are
often uncertain, and different dialect pronunciations have led to
divergent spellings of the same name.
The social pressure to use a standard
spelling did not emerge until the 18th century, and earlier writers
saw no problem presenting a person’s name in a variety of ways. In
one study, for example, over 130 variants of the name "Mainwaring"
were found among the parchments belonging to that family.
Many Hebrew names in the Old Testament are believed to bear a
special significance, as individual subjects originally were called
by a name expressive of some characteristic, e.g., Edom, red; Esau,
hairy; Jacob, supplanter; and Sarai (Sara), from the base word
sharat. A similar concept applied in Jewish writings and for a long
time confused researchers.18
Like Roman and Hebrew tradition, the
names of the characters "often appear in distorted form in Rabbinic
literature" and were sometimes an attempt to disguise their true
type of understanding provided the key that enabled researchers to
unlock the true essence of what was really being relayed in ancient
"Names research" is an open-ended and complex domain, and one which
is particularly greedy of the researcher’s time. In any study of the
New Testament, however, it must be remembered that the first Gospels
were written in Hebrew,20
and this is a vital point in determining who Stadea really was. "The
name [Stadea] has various forms and may have been borrowed from a
fanciful name that meant a scholar; or had a regional identity like
Stabiae or Statila, or a woman of good family."21
According to Jewish writings, Stadea was
"the descendent of princes and rulers"22
and her royal heritage provided a clue to her real name. The Talmud
further states that Yeshu’a (Jesus) ben Panthera’s mother "was also
called Miriam, yes, but she was nicknamed Stada... Stat-da, this one
has turned away, being unfaithful [Stat-da] to her husband".23
St Jerome explained the difficulty that he had in translating the
earliest Gospels into Latin24
and added that the "original Hebrew" versions of Matthew’s Gospel
and the earliest Luke Gospels were written in the Chaldaic language
but with Hebrew letters. The "original Hebrew" version of the name
"Mary" was "Mariamne".25
Therefore, "Mary" in the English-language Gospels of today was
originally written "Mariamne" in the Hebrew versions and was
sometimes translated as "Miriam".26
Unknown in Early Church History
What was actually recorded of Mary/Mariamne in the only accepted
Christian writings provides scant information indeed about the woman
the Church now calls "the Mother of God". In the Gospels she is
rarely mentioned. In fact, she is not mentioned by name in the
oldest version of the Mark Gospel in the oldest Bibles. Nor is she
mentioned in the oldest version of the John Gospel.
The Church has said that,
"the reader of
the Gospels is at first surprised to find so little about
Mary... this obscurity has been studied at length".27
Both the Gospels of Mark and John introduce Jesus as an
in contrived narratives does Mary play an important role in the
biblical texts and, excluding these, she is mentioned only briefly
on three occasions.
The church presbyters were also silent on Mary. There was nothing
recorded of her, external to the Church, for more than four
centuries after the time she was said to have lived. She had no
ancestry or background except in spurious apocrypha.
The earliest documented reference to Mary can be found in the Mark
Gospel of the Sinai Bible (Mark 3:32). This narrative refers to her
as simply the earthly mother of several sons and daughters. The
reference is actually about a group of people who addressed Jesus
and said, "Your mother and your brothers and your sisters are
outside asking for you".
Here is a profound truth. Modern Bibles
show the three words "and your sisters" to have been removed or
indexed to a footnote. From here onwards, Mary almost vanished from
the Church texts and, apart from an obscure final reference to her
in the Acts of the Apostles (1:14), she disappeared forever from the
However, when the name "Mary" in the Gospels was replaced with the
original Hebrew version, "Mariamne", an historic aspect arose.
Combining the evidence available, the position advanced in this book
is that Mary, the mother of Jesus in the Gospels, Stadea of the
Jewish writings, and Mariamne of the House of Herod were one and the
At the time of the development of the Gospels, Mariamne was the
younger sister of Herodias and the two girls were an integral part
of the vast "family of Herodes" ("Herod" today). They were the
much-loved granddaughters of King Herod and he "cared for them with
Their mother, Berenice, later remarried and moved with her teenage
daughters to live in Rome, where she gained the friendship of
Mariamne and Herodias Herod were of noble birth through King Herod
(c. 73-74 BC) and his wife, Mariamne I. Mariamne Herod’s father was
Aristobulus, the son of Herod the Great, and her mother Berenice was
the daughter of Herod’s sister, Salome. Mariamne also had two
brothers named Herod II, King of Chalcis, and Agrippa, who became
Agrippa I. King Herod himself was descended from a noble line of
kings through his Nabatean mother, Cypros of Petra.
The Nabateans were a Semitic people and the earliest sources
regarded them as Arabs. Today they are generally referred to as
Nabatean Arabs. Owing to its secure location, Petra was adopted by
the Nabatean kings as their capital city, and it became incorporated
into the Roman Empire in 106. The Nabatean Arabs passed out of
history with the advent of Islam.30
The House of Herod was founded by the marriage of Cypros of Petra to
Antipater (Antipas) the Idumean, to whom Cypros bore four sons,
Herod being one. The name "Herod" subsequently became the title of
seven rulers mentioned in the New Testament and in Roman history.
King Herod was known to the Romans as "the Great", but in the eyes
of the people over whom he ruled he was always known as "the
Impious", despite his costly restoration of the Temple in Jerusalem.
Herod was a Roman citizen, Governor of Galilee by 47 BC, and then
King of Judea from 37 to 4 BC.
He was one of the major figures in
politics of Palestine in the early years of the Roman Empire. In 7
BC he strangled to death two of his sons, Aristobulus and Alexander,
drawing a comment from Roman Emperor Augustus (27 BC-14 AD) that it
was safer to be one of Herod’s pigs than one of his sons. Another
son was later born to Herod and, for his safety, his mother
dispatched him to the care of her family in Ariminum, a city near
Ravenna in northern Italy.31
He was Prince Joseph, the Joseph of Arimathea in the Gospels, and he
later became the unseen power behind his father’s throne.
Mariamne Herod’s ancestors can be traced back on her grandmother’s (Mariamne
I) side to the Hasmonean "priest-kings" and "hereditary priests"
from the tribe of Benjamin. She, her sister and her brothers were
descendants of the legitimate Hasmonean dynasty and "carried the
They also carried the blood of the
Nabatean Arabs, so much so that King Aretas IV, who was legally
confirmed a Nabatean Arab king by Emperor Augustus,33
divorced his wife to marry Herodias (who died after AD 41) to
maintain the Nabatean bloodline, but she declined him. It was
Herodias who was involved in the Gospel story of the beheading of
John the Baptist, for which she received a level of notoriety and
defamation similar to that of Mary Magdalene.
The available records reflect an intricate tangle of marriages,
intermarriages and divorces between the Herods and the Romans. In
the account of the Gospel of Mark (6:17), for example, Herodias
later married Herod Philip I, her own uncle, by whom she had a
daughter, Salome. Salome was named after her Hasmodean ancestor
Salome Alexandra, herself a "priestess-queen".34
Later in time, Herod Antipas
("without-land") apparently fell in love with Herodias and proposed
to her. Seeing that his fortunes were rising faster than her
husband’s, Herodias accepted his hand. She longed for social
distinction, and accordingly left her husband and initially entered
into an adulterous union with Herod Antipas, who was also her uncle.35
She was not married to Antipas at this time, but married him at a
much later stage (c. 38).
When Herodias saw how well her brother Agrippa I had fared in Rome,
whence he returned a king, she urged her husband Herod Antipas to go
to Caesar and obtain the royal title, for she believed his claim to
it was far greater than that of her brother. Antipas was not king,
but only Tetrarch of Galilee.36
Contrary to his better judgment he went, and soon learned by
messengers that Agrippa I had accused him before Emperor Caligula of
conspiracy against the Romans. The Emperor banished Herod Antipas to
Lyons, Gaul (France), in 41, and although he permitted Herodias to
return to her home in Rome she chose to accompany her husband into
It was recorded that the male offspring of the House of Herod were
forced to become circumcised Jews in the reign of John Hyrcanus, a
Hasmonean of the earlier Maccabean period. In other words, the Herod
family adopted the religion of Judaism. The religious movement of
the Essenes was also connected to the Hasmonean bloodline through
the High Priest Mattathias, the father of the military king Judas
We know that Herod the Great was favourable towards the Essenes,
maybe because they made it their invariable practice to refrain from
disobedience to the political authority. The Jewish historical
writer Philo recorded that they had never clashed with any ruler of
Palestine, however tyrannical, until his lifetime in the mid-first
century. This was a passive attitude which could not fail to commend
itself to King Herod, and it was reported he even went so far as to
exempt the Essenes, like the Pharisees, from the oath of loyalty to
In the reconstruction of the story, and drawing upon the concept of
the Safed Scroll, the pregnant Stadea (Mariamne Herod, née
secretly went to one of the Essene communities until the time of the
birth, and bore twin boys. Numerous groups of Essenes existed "all
over, as they were a very numerous sect"37
and were found in secluded country areas as well as cities.
Upon the birth of the twins, she then
moved into the palace of Emperor Augustus and there she lived until
the boys were old enough to receive schooling. It was due to their
solidarity and the family affinity that the young Mariamne Herod had
her illegitimate twin boys educated within the Essene community. The
Essene hierarchy were her blood relatives and expounded similar
principles and traditions to the Herodian philosophy.
"They perpetuated their sect by
adopting children... above all, the Essenes were the educators of
the nobility, their instruction being varied and extensive."38
To avoid confusion in developing the
premise provided in this work, Mary, the mother of Jesus in the New
Testament, shall be called Mariamne Herod, except when quoting from
Continued next issue...
1. Waddell, L.A., The Phoenician
Origin of Britons, Scots and Anglo-Saxons, 1924, p. 393.
2. Shakespeare, Henry IV. Also W. McElwee, Declaratio Pro
Iure Regio, 1615; Sully, King James I, 1566-1625.
3. Williams, Charles, James I, c. 1640.
4. Proceedings in Parliament, 17 March 1621.
5. Wigston, W.E.C., Bacon and the Rosicrucians, 1902.
6. Dodd, Alfred, The Martyrdom of Francis Bacon, c. 1940, p.
7. Rawley, Dr William, Resuscitatio, or Bringing into
Publick Light, Several Pieces Hitherto Sleeping, 1657.
8. Smedley, William T., The Mystery of Francis Bacon, c.
1910, p. 128.
9. Encyclopaedia Britannica, ed. IX, vol. X, p. 814. Also
Papias, Ecclesiastical History.
10. Morton Smith, Prof., Jesus the Magician, San Francisco,
12. Origen, Contra Celsum (Against Celsus), 1:28.
13. See notes on both passages (Origen 1:28 and 1:32) by
Lommatzech in his Origen Contra Celsum, Berlin, 1845.
14. Epiphanius, Haer (Heresies), lxxvii, 7.
15. The Jebamoth, 49A.
16. Michaelis, Jonathon D., Commentaries on the Law of
Moses, vols I-IV, 1814.
17. Babylonian Shabbath, 104b, repeated in almost identical
words in the Babylonian Sanhedrin, 67a.
18. Schwab, Moise, Translations in Progress (the Jerusalem
19. Mead, G.R.S., Mary in the Babylonian Talmud, London and
20. St Jerome, 347-420.
21. Eumenides, The Name of the Furies.
22. Babylonian Sanhedrin, 106a.
23. Babylonian Shabbath, 104b.
24. Hieronymus, Commentary to Matthew, book ii, chapter xii,
25. Eisenman, James, the Brother of Jesus, Faber & Faber
Ltd, 1997, p. 471.
26. See Syrian Bible, for example.
27. Catholic Encyclopaedia, vol. XV, 1 October 1912, pp.
28. Encyclopaedia Judaica Jerusalem, 1971, p. 443.
29. ibid., p. 601.
30. ibid., pp. 740-744.
31. Farrar, Dean, The Herods. Also Skeats, Joseph of
32. Catholic Encyclopaedia, vol. VI, 1910, pp. 291-292.
33. Josephus, Antiquities, 16:355.
34. Jones, A.H.M., The Herods of Judea, Oxford, 1938.
35. Catholic Encyclopaedia, ibid., p. 292.
36. The New Testament, however, sometimes called him "king"
(Matt. 14:9; Mark 6:14).
37. Doane, T.W., Bible Myths, 1882 (reprinted 1949, Charles
P. Somerby, Truth Seeker Co.), p. 431.
38. Catholic Encyclopaedia, vol. V, 1909, p. 546. Also
Josephus, Jewish Wars, II, p. 120.
Tony Bushby, an Australian, became a
highly successful businessman and entrepreneur very early in his
life. He established a magazine publishing business and spent 20
years researching, writing and publishing his own magazines,
primarily for the Australian and New Zealand markets.
With strong spiritual beliefs and an interest in metaphysical
subjects, Tony has developed long relationships with many
associations and societies throughout the world. He has been
given access to rare biblical manuscripts in the archives of
numerous private libraries and museums. The Bible Fraud involved
him in 12 years of full-time, painstaking research at great
His extensive travels have taken him to Egypt,
the Middle East, England, Wales, Scotland, France, Germany,
Belgium, Italy, Australia, New Zealand and the USA. He is
currently abroad, preparing further manuscripts to follow The