by Acharya S


extracted from "The Christ Conspiracy"

Spanish version


Civilizations have been born and completed and then forgotten again and again. There is nothing new under the sun. What is, has been. All that we learn and discover has existed before; our inventions and discoveries are but reinventions, rediscoveries.
Col. James Churchward

As has been seen, it is virtually impossible to determine which nation is the progenitor of western culture and, therefore, the Judeo-Christian tradition, and we are left to ponder the idea of another source, such as the Pygmies, who claim to have been a global culture many thousands of years ago.


The fact that the standardized mythos and ritual are found in detail around the world begs the explanation of at least one such global civilization long ago destroyed by cataclysms but preserved in both story and stone. Indeed, attempts to trace this commonality to India and/or Egypt do not suffice to explain how the same tales and rites came to be known and practiced in Mexico and in such remote places as Polynesia.


Nor do they explain the enormous archaeological remains found around the globe, which serve as mysterious and inescapable reminders that at some ancient time so-called primitive men were able to do what, according to evolutionary and creationist theories alike, they were not supposed to be able to do.

These impressive ruins evidently go hand-in-hand with the global civilization revealed by the common legends and myths of the ancients, since, where there is such advanced technology and architectural skill as that which must have been used to work and move megaliths of 10,200 tons, or to produce the astoundingly precise Great Pyramid, there must also be advanced culture.


As we have also seen, these traditions date back many thousands of years and eventually come increasingly closer to each other the farther back we go.


Such similarities between cultures around the planet can be found in religion and mythology, customs, rituals and symbols, language, astrological and astronomical knowledge, and archaeological/architectural remains. In investigating such cultural commonality, it would reasonable to conclude that our current global civilization is not the first.


The further we delve back in time, naturally, the more difficult it is to discover solid ground and the more speculative is the discussion.



Religion, Rituals and Customs

As revealed throughout this book, the doctrines and rituals of many religions are virtually identical to each other, and Christianity represents merely the end product of a long line of the same traditions.


In this analysis, we have mainly treated the cultures of the Near/Middle East and Europe, because the Middle East is considered to be the “birthplace” of all human culture, the source of biblical tradition, the Garden of Eden, etc., and Europe is, of course, the adopted home of Christianity.


We have also stayed in the “Old World,” because it is widely believed that the Western and Eastern hemispheres arose separately, with little or no contact, until the last few centuries. As noted, however, many of humankind’s most important traditions are found worldwide, in such matching detail as to demonstrate that contact had occurred beginning many thousands of years ago.

For example, in the Americas are found,

  • the Eden, flood and Jonah myths

  • the story of the sun standing still

  • the veneration of the serpent

  • the virgin birth

  • the crucifixion

  • the practice of circumcision

  • ascetic monasteries and nunneries

As another example, natives of British Columbia called the sun/skygod “Sin,” like the Old World god, and represented Sin’s mother as being married to a carpenter, who teaches his solar son his trade.


Furthermore, as Carpenter states:

“The same legend of gods (or idols) being born in caves has, curiously enough, been reported from Mexico, Guatemala, the Antilles, and other places in Central America.”

Also, the natives of Florida at the time of the Christian invasion were allegedly discovered to chant “Hosanna.”

Specific religious festivals and practices are found in diverse and widespread places.


For instance, J. Churchward recounts the words of R.G. Haliburton, who,

“in writing of the ‘Festival of Ancestors,’ says:

‘It is now, as it was formerly, held at or near the beginning of November, by the Peruvians, the Hindus, the Pacific Islanders, the people of the Tonga Islands, the Australians, the ancient Persians, the ancient Egyptians and the northern nations of Europe, and continues for three days among the Japanese, the Hindus, the Australians, the ancient Romans and the ancient Egyptians.’”

Robertson relates a sacrificial practice found in both Asia and America, remarking,

“It is difficult to believe that the peculiar usages of sacrificing a ‘messenger’ or ‘ambassador’ to the Sun, painting him in red, and hanging up his and other victims’ skins, stuffed, as possessing a sacred efficacy, were independently evolved in the two hemispheres.”

Furthermore, the very ancient Buddhist religion is found in many parts of the world, as noted.


As Robertson says,

“Singularly suggestive of Buddhist contacts... are a number of Mexican sculptures; many figures of Quetzalcoatl are practically identical with the established type of Buddha.”

As we have seen, the religion of Quetzalcoatl is nearly identical in many aspects to that of Jesus, with a savior born of a virgin who is tempted and fasts 40 days, and who dies and is to return in a Second Coming - an expectation that led to the downfall of the Aztecs, when they mistook Cortes for the peaceful teaching god Quetzalcoatl, who actually long predated the bloodthirsty Aztecs.

Moreover, one of the Mexican gods was “Yao,” the same as the Egyptian Iao and Hebrew Yah.


The early Hebrews and their neighbors such as the Phoenicians and Canaanites called their Lord “Baal,” but, astonishingly,

“Bal is a Maya word meaning ‘Lord of the Fields.’”

The Aztec human sacrifice was the same as that of the Hebrews, Kingsborough’s “horrible cannibals.”


Furthermore, the Adam tale is found in the Chimalpopoca manuscript of the Maya, which,

“states that the Creator produced his work in successive epochs, man being made from the dust of the earth on the seventh day.”

So remarkable are the similarities between the Mexicans and the Semites that not a few scholars and researchers have wanted to call the Mesoamerican natives “Jews” and to find in them (and others) a “lost tribe” of Israel.


However, as we have seen, according to the Samaritans there were no lost tribes, and, racially speaking that relationship is not indicated, at least not between the natives of the past few thousand years.


But, in more ancient times there was indeed in Mesoamerica a race very similar to that of the Semites, i.e., bearded white men, resembling Phoenicians. In fact, there are purportedly Phoenician artifacts found in the port of Rio de Janeiro and other Brazilian sites, suggesting that the Phoenicians, for one, did cross the Atlantic at least 1,000 years before the arrival of the Europeans.

The traces of this particular type of white race, as well as of a black one, are found in legends in Central America and in images on stelae, with the black race also immortalized in massive stone heads purportedly made by the Olmecs. In any case, the Mexicans are not colonies of the Semites in the Middle East, although it is probable there was ongoing contact and colonization by at least the time of the Phoenicians.


Nevertheless, Mexican natives asserted their ancestors came over the ocean from the west, not the east.

The Mexican civilization resembles not only the Semitic, which is one reason it is clearly not an outgrowth of it. The Maya have much in common with the Indians as well.


As to the similarities between the Mayan and Hindu religion and language, Hinduism Today says,

Chacla in Mayan refers to force centers of the body similar to the chakras of Hinduism. K’ultanlilni in Mayan refers to the power of God within man which is controlled by the breath, similar in meaning to kundalini.


Mayan chilambalam refers to a sacred space, as does Tamil Chidambaram. Yok’hah in Maya means ‘on top of truth,’ similar to yoga in Sanskrit.”

The Maya also had the same goddess Maya, mother of the gods and man, as in India. Furthermore, the legendary founder of the Maya was the god Votan or Wotan, a name identical to the god of Teutonic tribes.


There are many such correspondences between the Old and New Worlds.

It is not only in the Americas that we discover the global religion, which is, in the end, the mythos revolving around the celestial entities and their relationship with each other and Earth. The first couple story is found in such remote places as Tahiti, where the woman, “Ivi,” is made from one of the man’s bones, as well as on the Polynesian Island of Bowditch, where the myth is nearly identical to the Hebrew version, serpent, Tree of Life and all.

As James Churchward says:

Probably the most astounding of all is the fact that the Polynesians, who have been shut in from the rest of the world for over 12,000 years, should have among themselves traditions of the Creation identical with the Biblical account, such as the names of the first man and woman; and that the first woman was made out of the man’s bones; that man was a special creation of God.


The Marquesans and other Polynesians could not possibly have got these traditions from the outside world. The traditions of the Polynesians start from 12,000 years back, and how much more no one can surmise. The Biblical tradition started with Moses some three thousand years ago, which proves that it was handed down to Moses in some form.


The Naacal and Egyptian show us in what form it was handed down and from whom.

In addition, like the biblical tale of Cain and Abel,

“Tonga tradition states that ‘the son of the first man killed his brother.’”

Also, in Fiji,

“is still shown the site where a vast tower was built because the Fijians were curious and wanted to peep into the moon to discover if it was inhabited,” a story reminiscent of the biblical tale of the Tower of Babel.

As Walker says,

“The Babel myth is found all over the world, including India and Mexico.”

At least one group of South Sea islanders, the Melanesians, portrayed the sun as having 12 demigods or heroes, like the “helpers” and “disciples” of the Horus/Jesus myth.


The South Sea island of Java, site of human occupation beginning many tens of thousands of years ago, also produces a number of pertinent mysteries, including that the last avatar there was to come riding on a white horse, exactly like the solar heroes Krishna and Jesus.


The Australian aborigines have a similar mythology to the Egyptian, and several Australian terms are nearly identical in Egyptian.




Thus, we see the mythos and ritual around the world.


We also know that this knowledge constitutes not only religion but also science, representing detailed observations of the skies and their relationship to Earth, as well as natural forces upon the planet itself. In fact, in order for any civilization to have been global, it would have needed to possess the mythos, since such is in reality the story of astronomy.


The detailed knowledge of astronomy, along with that of ocean currents, weather patterns and migratory routes of birds and fish, allowed early peoples to navigate all over the globe. In fact, the so-called primitive peoples of Polynesia are considered the “greatest navigators in the history of mankind” and successfully colonized a number of Pacific islands as early as 30,000 years ago. Such a feat required extensive knowledge of the stars, demonstrating that these peoples were master astronomers tens of thousands of years ago.


This detailed knowledge is also exhibited in the celestial “computers” in stone the navigators left all over the world.

The evidence of a global civilization is found in shared astronomical and astrological peculiarities, such as the reverence for the Pleiades, the Great Bear and the constellation of Scorpio or “scorpion stars,” a designation found from India to Greece and in Central America.


Furthermore, as Walker states:

Chaldeans believed the world would dissolve and return to its primordial elements when all the planets lined up in the constellation of the Crab. The same doctrine appeared in India, Egypt, Persia, China, northern Europe, and pre-Columbian central America.

The antiquity of astrological/astronomical knowledge is in fact great.


The zodiac in the temple of Denderah in Egypt begins with the sun in Leo, which would make it 10,000 years old, although the temple itself is evidently only a couple of thousand years old.


Dupuis traced the origins of the zodiac to north Africa 15,000 years ago, and Volney pushed it back to 17,000 years ago. It is reasoned that Egypt at the time had excellent soil and a clear sky, serving as the perfect place for devising such a complex system. In addition, Massey stated that the astronomical mythology dates back 30,000 years at least.


 A. Churchward thrusts it back much further than that.




As noted, there are numerous symbols shared globally, including the cross, which, like so many others, was a symbol of the sun.


One of the most ubiquitous symbols is the now-infamous swastika, or crooked cross, also an emblem of the sun, “termed the oldest symbol known to the world” and found around the globe, such as in Alaska, North and Central America, India, Russia and China.


The swastika was even a Christian symbol many centuries before its revival by the devout Roman Catholic Hitler.


As Walker says:

Swastikas appear on Paleolithic carvings on mammoth ivory from the Ukraine, dated ca. 10,000 B.C. Swastikas figure on the oldest coinage in India... [The swastika] also represented many other deities from Iceland to Japan, Scandinavia to North Africa... Early Christians adopted the swastika to represent Christ...


Language and Etymology

As to the importance of linguistical evidence in detecting the origins of man, James Churchward says,

“Language is admitted to be the most accurate guide in tracing the family relations of various peoples, even when inhabiting countries which are separated by vast expanses of water and extents of land.”

The linguistical/etymological evidence that connects the world is startling and has been demonstrated throughout this book. Mainly, however, our analysis has been confined to the “Old World.” We have already seen some dazzling examples of how the languages of both worlds are related.


As a basic example, the word “Mama” and/or “Ma” meaning mother is found in numerous cultures around the globe. A more complex etymological similarity can been found in the Mexican name Mexitli or Mesitli, meaning “the Anointed One,” obviously related to the Egyptian Messu and the Hebrew Messiah.


In Maya, “balaam” is a priest, while in Hebrew it is the name of a prophet. There are in fact numerous correlations between the ancient Mexican language and that of the Middle East, including the Sumerian. Indeed, the Mexican culture has close parallels in art, religion and language to Sumer as well.

Moreover, the Mayan creator god was called “Hurakan,” and the Caribbean storm god was “Hurukan,” both of which are nearly identical to the Tibetan wrathful deity, “Heruka,” which in turn is related to Herakles or Hercules. It is from this stormy god that we get the word “Hurricane.” Walker hypothesizes that “Horus” was “Heruka” of the East and notes that the Pygmies revered Heru, an archaic name for Horus.


“HulKin” in the Indian language of Naga-Maya and Hurki in Akkadian/Chaldean both mean “sunstroke,” which would indeed be another wrathful aspect of the sun god.

Many more examples of correspondences exist between “Old” and “New” World words.


Charles Berlitz cites, for example, the similarity between “teocalli,” which means “house of the gods” in Aztec/Nahuatl, and “theou kalia,” meaning “God’s house” in Greek.


The word for “river” in Greek is “potamos,” which is very close to the Potomac River in North America. In the South American language of Aymara, “malku” means “king,” as does “melek” and “melchi” in Semitic languages. In both the American tongue of Araucanian and the Egyptian language the word “anta” means “sun,” while a number of terms in Quechua are similar in form and meaning to Sumerian terms.


The list goes on and includes cultures from the South Seas to North Europe as well.



Archaeological Evidence

The global civilization and its mythos are reflected in the amazing physical remains around the world, which have never been fully explained or addressed by mainstream authorities.


Nevertheless, from Giza and Baalbek to Stonehenge, Tiahuanaco, China and Pohnpei are ruins of unexplained origins and resemblance, prompting John Keel, for one, to exclaim,

“There had to be a single worldwide culture at one point in ancient history... Some thing or someone inspired the ancients to perform incredible feats of construction.”

Robertson highlights some of these similarities:

There is a remarkable, though perhaps not a conclusive, resemblance between the Aztec, pre-Aztec and Peruvian temple-pyramids and those of Mesopotamia which derived from the earlier Akkadians or Sumerians.


Ruins of these still exist in Central American and Peru which can be compared with the records of those of Babylonia and the one example at Saqqara in Egypt.

There is also a remarkable resemblance between Central/ South American structures and those found in India, as has been noted by Indian architect Sri V. Ganapati Sthapati, who demonstrated that residential layouts at Machu Picchu were identical to those of the Harappan civilization at the ruined city of Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley.


In addition, some researchers are now declaring the mysterious Mohenjo-daro to be much older than the orthodox opinion, possibly as much as 8,000 years old.


Interestingly, Mohenjo-daro has been determined to have been a cosmopolitan area, with skeletons found of the following types:

“Mediterraneans, Caucasoids, Armenoids, Alpines, Australoids and Mongoloids.”

The age of Machu Picchu is likely thousands of years older than the orthodox date, as was asserted by its inheritors, the Inkas.

The architect Sthapati has also determined that the Mayan temple at Chichen Itza was,

“built according to the same design principles found in India’s Hindu temples.”

J. Churchward posits that the fabulous structures at Chichen Itza, attributed by the orthodoxy to “the Maya” of a mere 1500 years ago, are in fact at least 11,500 years old.


These structures and others worldwide were taken over by subsequent cultures, demonstrated by the fact that some of them show not only ancient repair work but also “improvements” in the form of encasements over the original ruins.

In studying the architectural remains of ancient civilizations, one category is particularly striking: the pyramid.


As Keel says in Disneyland of the Gods:

We know that pyramid building was once a universal practice throughout the world. Over six thousand years ago unknown peoples were assembling great pyramids in Mexico.


Gigantic manmade mounds were constructed in China, Great Britain, North America, and on remote Pacific islands while the Egyptians were still living in mud huts along the Nile.


During World War II pilots flying “the hump” reported seeing one or more massive pyramids standing silently in isolated Himalaya valleys.

Of the ubiquitousness and similarity of pyramids, David Hatcher Childress states:

Mayan pyramids are found from Central America to as far away as the Indonesian island of Java. The pyramid of Sukuh, on the slopes of Mount Lawu near Surakarta in central Java is an amazing temple with stone stelae and a step pyramid that would match any in the jungles of Central America.


The pyramid is in fact virtually identical to the pyramids found at the ancient Mayan site at Uaxactun, near Tikal.

In speaking of the global civilization, Keel elucidates the weaknesses of the current archaeological paradigm:

All these things seem to be interrelated, as if they were once part of some great civilization - a common culture that spread throughout the world and then died...


We have a reasonably complete history of the past two thousand years, and a half-baked archaeological reconstruction of the past five thousand years.


But there are so many gaps in our knowledge that most the popular archaeological theories really have very little merit. Indeed, we can’t even be sure that the Egyptians built the Great Pyramid...

In fact, the Great Pyramid is admittedly much more ancient than the Egyptians of history, as Hotema relates:

When the most ancient Egyptians first saw the mysterious Sphinx and the great Pyramid of Gizeh, only their tops projected above the windblown sand of the desert.


They knew no more about the purpose of these structures, their builders, or when they were built, than we do... [The Great Pyramid] could not possibly have been the work of the Egyptian natives, nor has any one ever claimed that it was.

In the word “pyramid,” Anderson has detected “pyramet,” which he translates as “grand central fire.”


The pyramid is the celestial “altar in the midst of Egypt.” The pyramid, thus, was a worldwide symbol of an altar, being an encoder of “sacred knowledge.”

Although such a date is not allowed by the current paradigm, which places all civilization after the time of the Sumero-Babylonian cultures, the pyramid at Cuicuilco, Mexico, is evidently at least 2,500 years older than the earliest known Sumerian finds, as the Mexican structure was apparently unearthed under a lava field created by a volcanic eruption 8,500 years ago.

The city of Tiahuanaco on the shores of Lake Titicaca in Bolivia is one of the most enigmatic and stunning places on Earth. Lying in a desolate spot some 12,500 feet above sea level, Tiahuanaco has astounded and perplexed travelers for centuries. Although orthodox scholars deem this megalithic mystery an Inkan construction, the Inkas themselves insisted it existed long before their culture came into being.


The city is dated by the orthodoxy to no earlier than the 5th century CE, but unorthodox scholars have opined that it may be as much as 15,000 years old.


A number of observations lead to the conclusion of such antiquity, not the least of which are the astronomical alignments as found in so many ancient megalithic constructions around the globe, as well as the fact that the city was evidently once at sea level.


Of course, according to the orthodoxy, such a date is absurd. What is not absurd is that the dates of artifacts worldwide are steadily being pushed back, sometimes by thousands of years.

In addition to monumental structures indicating an advanced global civilization are numerous other “out-of-place artifacts” (“ooparts”), including Babylonian “batteries” and objects depicted on a mural at Denderah that look like glass tubes with “electric eels” inside them, leaving one to wonder if these devices could have been used for lighting in caves, tombs, pyramids or other buildings.


The Ashoka Pillar in India is an enormous lingam made of iron and “expertly welded.”


Of the pillar, Jochmans says,

“The mystery is that any equivalent mass of iron, subjected to the Indian monsoon rains, winds and temperatures for 1,600 years or more would have been reduced to rust long ago.”

From a shipwreck in Greece of the first century BCE comes a navigational device or “astrolabe,” which “calculated the annual movements of the sun and moon.”


Miniature model airplanes have been found in both the “old” world and the “new,” and legends of diverse peoples speak of “flying machines.” There are also the fabulous drawings at Nazca and elsewhere that can only be seen from above.


Also in Peru have been found 50,000 engraved stones that,

“show people, extant and extinct animals, star maps, the star ring of the zodiac, and maps of unidentified land areas. The people are shown hunting or struggling with a variety of monsters that resemble brontosaurs, triceratops, stegosaurs, and pterodactyls, which properly belong to the Mesozoic era [22,565 million BP].


Even more surprisingly, human beings are portrayed as having domesticated animals that appear to be dinosaurs and are using them for transportation and warfare. People are shown using telescopes, looking at the stars, and performing surgery.”

Although these baffling stones have been attacked as modern frauds, which some admittedly are, mention was purportedly made of their existence by a 16th century Spanish priest who sent some of them to Spain.


In addition, the oxidation of the engravings would appear to demonstrate that many of the stones are at least several centuries old, dating to a time when neither native Americans nor anyone else were supposed to know about such things.


In Central America, another technological anachronism appears in massive spheres almost perfectly round.


In another apparent anachronism, pictures of horses and asses are frequently found in Mexican hieroglyphs, even though the Americas were wiped clean of such fauna 12,000 ago.



The Enigma of North America

In the analysis of the ancient advanced global civilization hypothesis, North America still seems to remain part of the old paradigm with few signs of any advanced culture or outside influence, other than in legends.


However, this perception is incorrect, as, in reality, North America was inhabited by one or more advanced cultures who did indeed leave their traces, traces sometimes so obliterated that they are certainly of a very profound antiquity. In actuality, it will come as a shock to many that the United States has numerous ruins and earthworks so old that the natives encountered by Europeans had no idea who built them.


As Keel relates:

[The experts] tell us that North America was uninhabited by anyone except Indians before the Europeans arrived.


They overlook all the stone towers and structures found all over this continent (including miles of paved roads) when the Pilgrims arrived. Fort catalogued all kinds of metal objects from swords and axes to coins that have been found and dated as pre-Columbian.


Somebody was mining ore and coal in this country, and pumping oil in Pennsylvania before Columbus set sail. Rather than tussle with the problem of identifying those mysterious North Americans, the archaeologists have chosen to ignore these artifacts.

J. Churchward relates the writings of Kentucky historian George Ranck as saying that under the modern city of Lexington is the,

“dead metropolis of a lost race... that these remains of a great city and a mighty people did exist, there can be not the shadow of a doubt.... Here they erected their Cyclopean temples and cities, with no vision of the red men who would come after them, and chase the deer and the buffalo over their leveled and grass-covered walls.


Here they lived, and labored, and died, before Columbus had planted the standard of old Spain upon the shores of a new world; while Gaul, and Britain, and Germany were occupied by roving tribes of barbarians, and, it may be, long before imperial Rome had reached the height of her glory and splendor.”

In addition to the stone-works in North America were the astonishing earthworks, some a mile or more long, constituting geometrical images such as circles, ellipses, octagons, rectangles and squares, as well as serpents and other animals, some of which were purportedly extinct by the time of humans in America.


As Christopher Dun says,

“My analysis reveals that: ...There existed among the [Moundbuilders] a school of mathematics whose musings on geometric concepts differed from the Pythagoreans of ancient Greece only by degree.”

Stone towers, walls, houses and other structures are, of course, built by masons, who are also skilled in the science of geometry. In other words, the individuals involved in these creations evidently were educated members of one or more schools.

Like the Great Pyramid, various edifices of North and South America were not built by the later cultures but either acquired by force or inherited by default because the buildings had been abandoned by earlier cultures. In fact, although Egypt is often given the honor of being the originator of much human culture, the Egyptians themselves recorded that they were the inheritors of a great civilization that came from elsewhere.


Indeed, the Egyptian culture seemingly appeared out of nowhere at a high level of development, as did the Sumero-Mesopotamian and South American. This fact is explainable if the civilizers were advanced groups coming from elsewhere, from lands that had been destroyed by climatic change, war or other cataclysm.

Of the global culture, Keel says:

It probably reached its zenith before the Ice Age ten thousand years ago, then deteriorated in the wake of the geological calamities. That early culture mapped the whole planet, and fragments of those maps were handed down over the centuries until they reached Columbus.


The giants, who once tossed huge blocks of stone around and built the puzzling monoliths that still stand on every continent, gradually reverted to a fierce, uncivilized state, driven by the urgent requirements of survival.

Regarding these “Maps of the Sea Kings” made famous by Charles Hapgood, Zecharia Sitchin adds:

Indeed, by now a surprisingly large number of maps from pre-Columbian times have been found; some (as the Medicean map of 1351, the Pizingi map of 1367, and others) show Japan as a large island in the western Atlantic and, significantly, an island named “Brasil” midway to Japan.


Others contain outlines of the Americas as well as of Antarctica - a continent whose features have been obscured by the ice covering it, suggesting that, incredibly, these maps were drawn based on data available when the icecap was gone - a state of affairs that existed right after the Deluge circa 11,000 B.C. and for a while thereafter.



Evidence of Cataclysm

Throughout this demonstration of a global civilization has persisted a recurring theme, found in fact and in legend: cataclysm.


The ruins scattered about the planet serve as evidence enough of a variety of catastrophes, such as flood, fire, earthquake, vulcanism, mountain-building, pole shifts, crustal displacement, and comet or meteor strikes.


In fact, altogether these calamities have struck innumerable times throughout the history of the planet. During the Quaternary Period (2.5 million to 10,000 years ago), when man allegedly made his appearance, one-fourth of the land’s surface was purportedly under ice, which certainly would have destroyed nearly all traces of any number of advanced cultures.


The end of the Quaternary brought tremendous upheavals, with enormous floods produced by the melting of the glaciers, such glaciers and floods carving the earth’s face like a clay sculpture and crushing life around the world.


In Fingerprints of The Gods, Graham Hancock describes the impact on “New World” fauna during this great cataclysm:

In the New World... more than seventy genera of large mammals became extinct between 15,000 BC and 8000 BC...


The staggering losses, involving the violent obliteration of more than forty million animals, were not spread out evenly over the whole period; on the contrary, the vast majority of the extinctions occurred in just two thousand years, between 11,000 BC and 9000 BC.


To put this into perspective, during the previous 300,000 years only about twenty genera had disappeared.

Berlitz relates the words of oceanographer Dr. Bruce Heezen regarding this tumultuous period:

Eleven thousand years ago the ocean level all around the world was perhaps three hundred feet lower than it is today. The eastern coastline of our United States, for instance, was some one hundred miles farther out in the Atlantic Ocean in that bygone era.

Then, suddenly, above eleven thousand years ago, the Ice Age was over... billions of gallons of ice and snow poured into the sea. The result was a dramatic, sudden, and terrifying rising of the sea level all around the world - an inundation which we have verified by half a dozen different types of research available to us today.

The rise undoubtedly caused the flooding of many low-level seaside communities where primitive man had chosen to build his early towns and cities.

This “man and his communities,” however, were evidently not at all primitive, ostensibly representing an advanced, worldwide culture.


This cataclysm and others apparently made it into the mythos, reflected by, as Giorgio de Santillana and Hancock evinced, “Hamlet’s Mill” myths about the symbolic hourglass or mill shape made by the precession of the equinoxes and its “derangement.”


The mill motif is also found in the biblical tale of Samson, and, as Hancock says,

“The theme resurfaces in Japan, in Central America, among the Maoris of New Zealand, and in the myths of Finland.”

Another aspect of the mythos seems to record a “derangement of the heavens,” as in Hebrew mythology the god El is both the sun and the planet Saturn (the “Father on High”), a fact demonstrating that there were two “suns” in the ancient world’s mythologies: The day orb and the “eternal” or unmoving pole star, around which all other celestial bodies appear to rotate.


The planet Saturn was considered “the Heavenly Father” because it was the most remote of the inner planets and was thus viewed as being the overseer or parent.


Velikovskian David Talbott says Isaiah “locates the throne of El in the farthest reaches north,” i.e., El/Saturn is the pole star. When Saturn was no longer the “central sun,” “El” became the daytime solar orb; hence, El/Saturn was both the planet and the sun.


This change in the heavens could reflect a pole or axial shift.



Age of Mankind

Because of such ongoing destruction, it has been difficult to date and place the emergence of the true human being.


This fact attests not only to the fragility of manmade artifacts and remains but also to the occurrence of natural processes - sometimes slow and gradual, sometimes quick and violent - that continuously shape the earth and “wipe the slate” clean of such remains.


Regarding one such slate-wiping, James Churchward says:

The remains of ancient man in Europe are limited because the mountains of ice which were brought down on the waters of the Last Magnetic Cataclysm ground everything to a pulp, leaving but few traces of life behind.

As to the possible age of human culture, Albert Churchward makes this surprising assertion:

The Solar Cult lasted about 100,000 years and the Lunar before this about 50,000 years. The Stellar Cult was anterior to these, and lasted at least 300,000 years; how much longer it is impossible to say, but from remains found of the Stellar Cult people in Pliocene Strata formations they were in existence at least 600,000 years ago.

Based on archaeological, anthropological, astrological and mythological evidence, A. Churchward claimed that modern humans must have existed at least 2.8 million years ago.


While Churchward wrote several decades ago, and would thus seem to be outdated in the face of so many scientific discoveries and conclusions since then, his arguments are compelling. This estimation may not be so farfetched, in any case.


In fact, in seeming accord with the Hindu chronology, which goes back millions of years, Keel reports that,

“Human footprints and manmade objects were repeatedly turning up in coal mines and geological strata dating back millions of years.”

Keel also states,

“Our planet is at least three billion years old and there is growing evidence that great civilizations existed here while our ancestors were still climbing trees.”

According to the current paradigm, the modern human only came into being 100,000 years ago, a figure that keeps being pushed back; however, for some reason, humans did not develop significantly for 70,000 years, when they began to paint beautiful images in caves, among other things.


Nevertheless, if the human species can progress as far as it has in the past five hundred years, there is no reason it could not have done so tens of thousands of years ago.


In fact, it makes no sense at all, if homo sapiens appeared 100,000 years ago, that it only reached an advanced degree of culture in the past 68,000 years.



The Evolution of Religion

However old it is or came to be here, the human species has a common culture going back many thousands of years. This culture included a religious and spiritual tradition that was simple and uniform, although highly detailed, because it was based on the complexities of nature.


It was not, however, founded on the complexities of human beings, i.e.,

  • racism

  • sexism

  • general bigotry

  • warfare, etc.,

...until humans brought themselves into it and imposed themselves on it.


The proto-religion focused its attention not on any person, prophet, savior or saint of a particular ethnicity or gender but upon the “Architecture” of the Grand Architect, the Vault of Heavens and the Pillars of Earth.


The Grand Architect was not only Father but the “Great Mother... the primeval waters and source of creation,” a common theme in mythologies and cosmogonies worldwide, as is the idea of a self-generated male/female entity that separates itself into “the heavens and the earth.” Another common concept is that “God” is One but is represented in and by the Many. The sun and moon are “his/her” eyes, for example, and the sky “his/her” abode.


“S/He” is, indeed, both the daytime and the “serpent of the night.”


The Grand Architect demonstrated her/his masterful skills through the precise workings of the solar system, which were not only revered by the ancient global culture but imitated on Earth in massive stone-works that are the domain of masons, who also kept the knowledge of the sacred geometry passed to them by the Architect.


Evidently, these priest-masons passionately attempted to keep “the Architect’s clock,” wherever they went; thus, they built celestial “computers” worldwide, and they taught the celestial mythos so that the sacred knowledge would never be lost.


So passionate were they, in fact, that they took enormous pains to preserve the mythos and sacred knowledge and to make it understandable; yet, it has been ignored, disparaged and historicized in the most vulgar manner in order to allow power-mongers to compete with each other.


Thus, we are inheritors of not only the physical ruins of the great global civilization but the spiritual wreck as well.