by Rand and Rose Flam-Ath
Excerpt from "The
The people of South America tell myths
of a Great Flood and the events surrounding it.
The Ipurinas of
northwestern Brazil retain one of the most elegant myths about the
time of the disaster:
"long ago the Earth was overwhelmed
by a hot flood. This took place when the sun, a cauldron of
boiling water, tipped over."
Further south, the native people of
Chile, the Araucanians, recount a traumatic memory:
"The Flood was the result of a
volcanic eruption accompanied by a violent earthquake, and
whenever there is an earthquake the natives rush to the high
mountains. They are afraid that after the earthquake the sea may
again drown the world."
Like the Araucanians... the Inca were paralyzed by the fear that any change in the Sun
A 1555 Spanish chronicle spoke of this trepidation:
"...[when] there is an eclipse of
the sun or the moon the Indians cry and groan in great
perturbation, thinking that the time has come in which the earth
The famous Peruvian historian,
Garcilaso de la Vega, son of a Spanish conquistador and an Inca
princess, asked his Inca uncle to tell him the story of his people's
origins. How had Lake Titicaca become the source of their
The uncle explained:
"...in recent times all this region
which you see was covered with forests and thickets, and the
people lived like brute beasts without religion nor government,
nor towns, nor houses, without cultivating the land nor covering
their bodies... [the sun-god sent a son and daughter to]...
give them precepts and laws by which to live as reasonable and
civilized men, and to teach them to dwell in houses and towns,
to cultivate maize and other crops, to breed flocks, and to use
the fruits of the earth as rational beings..."
The "gods" who brought agriculture to
the vicinity of Lake Titicaca were said to have come "out of the
regions of the south" immediately "after the deluge."
words, agriculture was introduced to Lake Titicaca by people who
already possessed the skill, who weathered the cataclysm, and who
may have arrived here from other lands, possibly the fabled
Atlantis/Lemurian regions said to have been destroyed by the flood.
The word "Inca" meaning "Son of the Sun" was a title originally
carried only by the Emperor.
To preserve his culture from the
ravages of the conquistadors, Inca Manco II left the great capital
of Cuzco in 1536 and retreated deep into the Andes. He took with him
three sons, each of whom would in turn become Inca, suffering a
succession of bloody encounters with the Spanish.
Manco II chose a
mountain peak overlooking the Urubamba valley to build his palace.
Pizarro, leader of the Spanish invaders was never able to find this
secret retreat, and its existence intrigued those who followed him.
All who tried to discover the lost city, failed.
Later, in the same century, two monks, Friar Marcos and Friar Diego,
again sought it's whereabouts. Friar Marcos fired with a " ...
desire to seek souls where not a single preacher had entered and
where the gospel message had not been heard," traveled with a
medical missionary, Friar Diego, who became popular with the local
people and favorite of the royal Inca.
The two monks established a convent at Puquiura near Vitcos, and
were fascinated by Inca stories of the "Virgins of the Sun" who
dwelt in a fabulous city known only as "Vilcabamba the Old."
city in the mountains was said to house great "wizards and masters
Daily, the two monks tried to coax the Inca into revealing the
location of this city. Finally, he agreed to take them and after
three days they arrived at the foot of yet another barrier of
mountains that jutted even further into the sky.
For weeks the monks
preached and taught the natives who lived in a settlement just
beyond sight and sound of the mystery city, they were forbidden to
enter its enclaves for fear they would learn something of its rites,
ceremonies, and purpose.
Friars Marcos and Diego finally concluded
they would never be allowed access.
Four centuries later in 1911 an American historian and explorer,
Hiram Bingham (1875-1956), discovered the haunting ruins of a lost
Inca outpost cradled in the summit of a mountain called
he believed [at the time] that he had discovered the lost city of "Vilcabamba
the Old," and recovered a number of skelatal remains, predominately
female, which he later sent to Dr. George Eaton of Yale University.
The professor concluded that among the remains,
"there was not a single one of a
robust male of the warrior type, there are a few effeminate
males who might very well have been priests, but the large
majority of the skeletons are female ..."
Why did the Inca retain a settlement of
young women in the mountain retreat Machu Picchu?
For the Inca this hidden sanctuary may well have afforded him an
inner earth enclave accessible from the city through a vast network
of caverns, and tunnels, said to criss cross all of South America.
If another deluge were unleashed a Sanctuary with hidden access to a
secure realm might well repopulate a drowned world.
In his book, "The Lost City of the Incas," Bingham described one of
the rituals performed at the winter solstice which ritually tethered
the Sun to the Earth. The "Intiwatana Stone" located atop the
pyramid at Machupicchu, may well have been erected to "energetically
tie the Sun to the Earth."
Legend speaks of a "mystical cord" securing the Earth to the Sun
"guiding it across the heavens," to keep it on course.
The "hitching post of the sun" may have been a magical device used
ritually to harness the Sun's course thus preventing a replay of an
ancient cataclysm. If so, then the mysterious appearance of solar
megaliths (known as Sun Stones) around the globe may well represent
ancient attempts to secure the sun in its new path after a great
Flood; a reigned sun could not release another cataclysm of tectonic
shifts and crustal movement; the earth would be safe for another
This obsession with the stability of the sun's path is found in the
American southwest as well.
Among the ruins of the Anasazi (a Navajo word meaning "the ancient
ones"), are the famed cliff dwellings and solar atars.
Chaco Mesa in
New Mexico is the site of one of the most remarkable solar megaliths
- three slabs of stone, each weighing two tons arranged so that the
light of the sun falls on a spiral petroglyph marking the exact
alignment of the summer and winter solstices, and the spring and
Discovered in 1977 by artist and amateur archaeo-astronomer Anna Sofaer, this solar calendar has been called a "sun dagger"
the pattern the sunlight makes on the rock carvings during the
Sofaer called the marking a "sun dagger" but it may
have actually served as the Anasazi's equivalent of the Incas'
hitching post of the sun.
If so, it would be more properly called
a "solar cord," designed to prevent a wayward sun or at least
monitor the sun's path to ensure that all was in order. The fear of
a wayward sun or falling sky became a global nightmare for the
survivors of the last earth crust displacement.
From all corners of the Earth, the same story is told.
deviates from its regular path, the sky falls.
The earth is wrenched
and torn by earthquakes and finally a great wave of water engulfs
Survivors of such a calamity would go to any lengths to
prevent it from happening again.
They lived in an age of magic, it
was natural and necessary to construct elaborate devices to pacify
the sun-god and control or monitor its path.
But why did the sky fall?
"May the Sun remain a young
and the Moon a young woman,
may the world not turn over -
let there be Peace!
- An Inca Prayer -