Archeological discoveries in Urfa continue to yield exciting results with each passing day.
Scientists are rushing to see the remains of
an 11,500-year-old temple discovered in Göbeklitepe. Furthermore, a
13,500-year-old statue, the worlds oldest, discovered during an
excavation in Balıklıgöl has astonished archeologists from all over
the world. Assistant Professor A. Cihat Kürkçüoğlu of Harran
University claims that the history of civilization began in Urfa.
They are also known to have been the first people to engage
Artifacts discovered in the center of the city of Urfa indicate that settlement in the region began even earlier.
Bahattin Çelik, a research assistant in the Department of Archeology and Art History at Hacettepe University, recently has said that arrows and spearheads made of flint, cutting tools and interior furnishings were discovered in the Balıklıgöl region.
Laboratory analysis carried out in Germany last year proved that these finds are at least 11,500 years old.
Kürkçüoğlu described the results of the excavations as a marvelous discovery and said:
Worlds Oldest Statue
It was named the Balıklıgöl Statue and is on display in Urfa Museum.
Kürkçüoğlu provided the following details about the statue:
Transition to Sedentary Life and Agriculture
In each of these settlements, several T-shaped stelae similar to those in Nevale Çori and Göbeklitepe were found. The team also discovered a stele with the figure of a snake carved on it and a statue surprisingly similar to the Balıklıgöl Statue.
Kürkçüoğlu stressed the significance of these finds as follows:
T-shaped stelae discovered during excavations are believed to have religious significance.
The carvings on these stelae are the earliest examples of Neolithic art.
Scientists are rushing to see the 11,500 year-old remains of temples discovered during excavations in Göbeklitepe.
(SE Turkey, N Syria and N Iraq) 14C databases:
11th - 6th millennia cal BC
III. Gaziantep-Urfa-Mardin plateau
Comment GÖBEKLI TEPE
Since coming from the fill of the structure, the two level III samples may postdate the Old Phase.
The two dates yielded by pedogenic carbonate coatings of pillars 8 and 11 from structures B and C resp. constitute an terminus ante quem for these buildings.
At the time suggested by these two dates, both structures had already been abandoned and buried.