by Bernardo Biadós Yacovazzo
and Freddy Arce
OIIB - Omega Institute Investigations (Bolivia)
INTI - Non Governmental Organization (Bolivia)
Investigations of Bolivia Fuente Magna and the Monolith of Pokotia
A large stone vessel, resembling a libation bowl, and now known as the
Fuente Magna, was originally discovered in a rather casual fashion by a
country peasant from the ex-hacienda CHUA, property of the Manjon family
situated in the surrounding areas of Lake Titicaca about 75/80 km from the
city of La Paz.
The site where it was found has not been subject to investigation until
The Fuente Magna has not been shown in Bolivia until year 2000. It was
considered false, until we began the investigations.
The Fuente Magna was found. The piece in question is a little
out of place.
It is beautifully engraved in chestnut-brown both inside and out. It reveals
zoological motifs and anthropomorphic characters within.
Fuente Magna - Rosetta Stone of the Americas.
Click to view larger images
In 1958/60 Don Max Portugal Zamora, a Bolivian archaeologist, learned of
it's existence Pastor Manjon.
Mr. Portugal "baptized" the site with the name
it bears today, "Fuente Magna" - in our view an accurate assessment.
Instantly it's rescuing was studiously embarked upon. Through the mediation
and negotiation of General Armando Escobar Uria property was swapped for
another parcel in the neighborhood of Sopocachi.
Safely under the protection of the honorable, municipal, mayoralty Mr.
Portugal began to restore it by applying cement to the parts that showed
chipping and deterioration - minor repairs for effect, in our view. He lost
no time in attempting to decipher the writing inside the object turning to
the texts known as "Qellga Llippichi" one of those interpreted by
Don Franz Tamayo.
He also consulted a publication by our illustrious friend,
Edgar Ibarra Grasso, entitled "Indigenous Andean Writing"
(HAM La Paz 1953),
it ends as you might expect (fruitless). The limits of his honest efforts.
The writing is undoubted from the Old World.
Hebraic - from the sinaitic appearance influenced by cuneiform, or simply
cuneiform of possible Sumero-Akkadian origins, this being the take-off point
on which we announced our extraordinary discovery. Two mayors (local guys)
don Armando Escobar Uria and Don Mario Mercado Vaca Guzman have been looking
after our investigation until very recently with many restrictions since we
cannot count on the support of the state.
Nevertheless, work has continued on what we call the "Rosetta Stone of the
Americas", for lack of a better name.
If our method of investigation holds
up several things are worthy of note:
We are dealing with an object which was made in keeping with
It contains two texts, one in
cuneiform and another Semitic language of
possible Sinaitic extraction cuneiform influences.
According to the symbols used one would be before an object that evidently
shows itself to be from the transitional period between ideographical
writing and cuneiform.
Chronologically, this leads us to the
3500/3000 B.C., the Sumerian/Akkadian